247 relations: Acoustics, Age of Enlightenment, Aigen (Salzburg city district), Air charter, Alex Jesaulenko, Allies of World War II, Alma Mater Europaea, Alps, Altstadt Salzburg, Amsterdam, Anif, Anno Domini, Anschluss, Anton Diabelli, Archbishop, Archbishopric of Salzburg, Australian Football Hall of Fame, Australian rules football, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Austrian Empire, Austrian Federal Railways, Austrian Football Bundesliga, Austrian Football Second League, Austrian German, Austrian Hockey League, Baroque, Baroque architecture, Basilica, Battle of Wagram, Bavaria, Bavarian language, Berchtesgaden, Berchtesgaden Provostry, Berghof (residence), Bishop, Blobitecture, Brussels, Busseto, Carl Maria von Weber, Celts, Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Christian Doppler, Church (building), Clemens Holzmeister, Congress of Vienna, Conrad of Wittelsbach, Contemporary architecture, Copyright, Count Leopold Anton von Firmian, ..., Court, Düsseldorf, Dietrich Mateschitz, Doppler effect, Dresden, Drizzle, Dublin, Duchy of Salzburg, EC Red Bull Salzburg, Edinburgh, Electorate of Salzburg, Emilia-Romagna, European Library, Evangelism, FC Red Bull Salzburg, Felix Baumgartner, Filming location, First Austrian Republic, Foehn wind, Formula One, Fortification, Fortress Hohensalzburg, Fountain, Franciscan Church, Salzburg, Frankfurt, Franz Schubert, Franz Xaver Gruber, Frederick William I of Prussia, Funicular, Georg Trakl, German language, German Peasants' War, Germany, Getreidegasse, Gothic architecture, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Grand Est, Gründerzeit, Großes Festspielhaus, Gymnasium (school), Hamburg, Hangar-7, Hans Makart, Hans von Burghausen, Hellbrunn, Hellbrunn Palace, Herbert von Karajan, Hieronymus von Colloredo (1732–1812), History of Bavaria, History of the Jews in Austria, Holy Roman Empire, Holy Trinity Church, Salzburg, Human settlement, Humid continental climate, Ice hockey, Innsbruck, Intercity-Express, Italy, Jewish Agency for Israel, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Joseph Haydn, Joseph Leutgeb, Joseph Mohr, Kapuzinerberg, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Köppen climate classification, Kehlsteinhaus, Kingdom of Bavaria, Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Prussia, Klaus Ager, Kleines Festspielhaus, Knight and Day, Kollegienkirche, Salzburg, Latin, Law degree, León, Nicaragua, Linz, List of major U.S. Commands of World War II, List of World Heritage Sites in Austria, Ljubljana, London, Maria von Trapp, Markus Sittich von Hohenems, Marne, Massimiliano Fuksas, Mönchsberg, Mülln, Merano, Michael Haydn, Middle Ages, Mirabell Palace, Modern architecture, Monastery, Mozart's birthplace, Mozarteum University Salzburg, Munich, Municipality, Municipium, Napoleon, Nazi Germany, Neolithic, Ninety-five Theses, Nonnberg Abbey, Noricum, Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Oceanic climate, Otto of Greece, Paganism, Paracelsus Medical University, Petersfriedhof Salzburg, Prince-bishop, Prisoner-of-war camp, Protestantism, Province of Parma, Province of Verona, Red Bull, Red Bull Arena (Salzburg), Red Bull Stratos, Referendum, Refugee, Refugee camp, Reims, Renaissance, Republic of German-Austria, Residenzgalerie, Residenzplatz, Rococo, Roland Ratzenberger, Roman Empire, Roman province, Romanesque architecture, Romani people, Romanticism, Rotterdam, Rupert of Salzburg, S-train, Saint Liutberga, Salzach, Salzburg (state), Salzburg Airport, Salzburg Cathedral, Salzburg Easter Festival, Salzburg Festival, Salzburg Residenz, Salzburg Zoo, Salzkammergut, Santino Solari, Saxony, Schloss Klessheim, Schloss Leopoldskron, Shanghai, Sigismund von Schrattenbach, Silent Night, Singida (town), Skiing, Slovenia, Sochi, South Tyrol, Soviet Union, St Peter's Abbey, Salzburg, Stefan Zweig, Stockinger, SV Austria Salzburg, Synagogue, Temperate climate, The Economist, The Holocaust, The Sound of Music (film), Theodo of Bavaria, Theodor Herzl, Thomas Bernhard, Tourism in Austria, Treaty of Munich (1816), Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919), Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Trolleybuses in Salzburg, Tyrol, UEFA Euro 2008, UEFA Europa League, University of Salzburg, Untersberg, Upper Austria, Vancouver, Veneto, Verona, Vienna, Vilnius, Vincenzo Scamozzi, Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, World Heritage site, Zürich, 1993–94 UEFA Cup, 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, 2010 Winter Olympics, 2014 Winter Olympics. Expand index (197 more) » « Shrink index
Acoustics is the branch of physics that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Aigen is a district in the city of Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria and is known as one of the most expensive residential areas of the provincial capital.
Air charter is the business of renting an entire aircraft (i.e., chartering) as opposed to individual aircraft seats (i.e., purchasing a ticket through a traditional airline).
Alex Jesaulenko (Олександр Єсауленко, transcribed Oleksandr Yesaulenko) MBE (born 2 August 1945 in Salzburg, Austria) is a former Australian rules footballer and coach who represented and in the Victorian Football League (VFL) from the 1960s to the 1980s.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alma Mater Europaea (Latin for "The European nourishing mother", i.e. university) is an international university based in the Austrian city of Salzburg, with campuses in several European cities.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
The Altstadt Salzburg is a district of Salzburg, Austria, recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anif is a municipality of Salzburg-Umgebung District in the Austrian state of Salzburg.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Anschluss ('joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
Anton (or Antonio) Diabelli (6 September 17817 April 1858) was an Austrian music publisher, editor and composer.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg (Fürsterzbistum Salzburg) was an ecclesiastical principality and state of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Australian Football Hall of Fame was established in 1996, the Centenary year of the Australian Football League, to help recognise the contributions made to the sport of Australian rules football by players, umpires, media personalities, coaches and administrators.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways.
The Austrian Football Bundesliga (italic, Austrian Football Federal League) is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football.
The Austrian Football Second League (2.), formerly the First League (Erste Liga), is the second highest professional division in Austrian football.
Austrian German (Österreichisches Deutsch), Austrian Standard German, Standard Austrian German (Österreichisches Standarddeutsch) or Austrian High German (Österreichisches Hochdeutsch), is the variety of Standard German written and spoken in Austria.
The Austrian Hockey League (also known as the Erste Banke Eishockey Liga, or EBEL) is the top-tier ice hockey league in Austria, although it currently features additional teams in Croatia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Italy.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
The Battle of Wagram (5–6 July 1809) was a military engagement of the Napoleonic Wars that ended in a costly but decisive victory for Emperor Napoleon I's French and allied army against the Austrian army under the command of Archduke Charles of Austria-Teschen.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Bavarian (also known as Bavarian Austrian or Austro-Bavarian; Boarisch or Bairisch; Bairisch; bajor) is a West Germanic language belonging to the Upper German group, spoken in the southeast of the German language area, much of Bavaria, much of Austria and South Tyrol in Italy.
Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany.
Berchtesgaden Provostry or the Prince-Provostry of Berchtesgaden (Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden) was an immediate (reichsunmittelbar) principality of the Holy Roman Empire, held by a canonry, i.e. a collegiate foundation, of Canons Regular led by a Prince-Provost.
The Berghof was Adolf Hitler's home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, Germany.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Blobitecture (from blob architecture), blobism and blobismus are terms for a movement in architecture in which buildings have an organic, amoeba-shaped, building form.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Busseto (Bussetano: Büsé; Parmigiano: Busèjj) is a comune in the province of Parma, in Emilia-Romagna in Northern Italy with a population of about 7,100.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics (Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, ZAMG) is the national meteorological and geophysical service of Austria.
Christian Andreas Doppler (29 November 1803 – 17 March 1853) was an Austrian mathematician and physicist.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
Clemens Holzmeister (27 March 1886 – 12 June 1983) was a prominent Austrian architect and stage designer of the early twentieth century.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Conrad of Wittelsbach (ca. 1120/1125 – 25 October 1200) was the Archbishop of Mainz (as Conrad I) and Archchancellor of Germany from 20 June 1161 to 1165 and again from 1183 to his death.
Contemporary architecture is the architecture of the 21st century.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Leopold Anton Eleutherius Freiherr von Firmian (11 March 1679 – 22 October 1744) was Bishop of Lavant 1718–24, Bishop of Seckau 1724–27 and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1727 until his death.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Dietrich Mateschitz (born 20 May 1944) is an Austrian billionaire businessman.
The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Drizzle is a light liquid precipitation consisting of liquid water drops smaller than those of rain – generally smaller than in diameter.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Duchy of Salzburg was a Cisleithanian crown land of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary from 1849–1918.
EC Red Bull Salzburg is a professional ice hockey team based in Salzburg, Austria, that currently plays in the Austrian Hockey League.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
The Electorate of Salzburg (Kurfürstentum Salzburg or Kursalzburg), occasionally known as the Grand Duchy of Salzburg, was an electoral principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1803–05, the short-lived successor state of the Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
The European Library is an Internet service that allows access to the resources of 49 European national libraries and an increasing number of research libraries.
In Christianity, Evangelism is the commitment to or act of publicly preaching of the Gospel with the intention of spreading the message and teachings of Jesus Christ.
FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in Wals-Siezenheim.
Felix Baumgartner (born 20 April 1969) is an Austrian skydiver, daredevil, and BASE jumper.
A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage.
The First Austrian Republic (Republik Österreich) was created after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 10, 1919—the settlement after the end of World War I which ended the Habsburg rump state of Republic of German-Austria—and ended with the establishment of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria based upon a dictatorship of Engelbert Dollfuss and the Fatherland's Front in 1934.
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Fortress Hohensalzburg (Festung Hohensalzburg, literally "High Salzburg Fortress") sits atop the Festungsberg, a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg.
A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
The Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche) is one of the oldest churches in Salzburg, Austria.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Franz Xaver Gruber (25 November 1787 – 7 June 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher, church organist and composer in the village of Arnsdorf, who is best known for composing the music to Stille Nacht (Silent Night).
Frederick William I (Friedrich Wilhelm I) (14 August 1688 – 31 May 1740), known as the "Soldier King" (Soldatenkönig), was the King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death in 1740 as well as the father of Frederick the Great.
A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.
Georg Trakl (3 February 1887 – 3 November 1914) was an Austrian poet and brother of the pianist Grete Trakl.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The German Peasants' War, Great Peasants' War or Great Peasants' Revolt (Deutscher Bauernkrieg) was a widespread popular revolt in some German-speaking areas in Central Europe from 1524 to 1525.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
(Grain Lane) is a busy shopping street in the historic Altstadt (Old Town) of Salzburg, Austria, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Granducato di Toscana, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was a central Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Duchy of Florence.
Grand Est (Great East, Großer Osten — both in the Alsatian and the Lorraine Franconian dialect), previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA), is an administrative region in eastern France.
Gründerzeit (literally: “founders’ period”) was the economic phase in 19th-century Germany and Austria before the great stock market crash of 1873.
The Großes Festspielhaus (Large Festival House) was designed by architect Clemens Holzmeister in 1956 for the Salzburg Festival in Austria.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hangar-7 is a building in Salzburg, Austria, hosting a collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars, and serving as home for the Flying Bulls, a private aircraft fleet stationed in Salzburg.
Hans Makart (28 May 1840 – 3 October 1884) was a 19th-century Austrian academic history painter, designer, and decorator; most well known for his influence on Gustav Klimt and other Austrian artists, but in his own era considered an important artist himself and a celebrity figure in the high culture of Vienna, attended with almost cult-like adulation.
Hans von Burghausen (1350s in Burghausen, Bavaria – 10 August 1432) was a German architect.
Hellbrunn is Landschaftsraum in Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria.
Hellbrunn Palace (Schloss Hellbrunn) is an early Baroque villa of palatial size, near Morzg, a southern district of the city of Salzburg, Austria.
Herbert von Karajan (born Heribert Ritter von Karajan; 5 April 1908 – 16 July 1989) was an Austrian conductor.
Hieronymus Joseph Franz de Paula Graf Colloredo von Wallsee und Melz (Jérôme Joseph Franz de Paula, Count of Colloredo-Wallsee and Mels; 31 May 1732 – 20 May 1812) was Prince-Bishop of Gurk from 1761 to 1772 and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1772 until 1803, when the prince-archbishopric was secularized.
The history of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and its formation as a stem duchy in the 6th century through its inclusion in the Holy Roman Empire to its status as an independent kingdom and finally as a large Bundesland (state) of the modern Federal Republic of Germany.
The history of the Jews in Austria probably begins with the exodus of Jews from Judea under Roman occupation.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The Holy Trinity Church (Dreifaltigkeitskirche) is a Roman Catholic church in Salzburg, Austria.
In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Jewish Agency for Israel (הסוכנות היהודית לארץ ישראל, HaSochnut HaYehudit L'Eretz Yisra'el) is the largest Jewish nonprofit organization in the world.
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (20 July 1656 – 5 April 1723) was an Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural historian whose Baroque architecture profoundly influenced and shaped the tastes of the Habsburg Empire.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Joseph Leutgeb (or Leitgeb) (October 6, 1732, Neulerchenfeld – February 27, 1811, Vienna) was an outstanding horn player of the classical era, a friend and musical inspiration for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Josephus Franciscus Mohr, sometimes spelt Josef (December 11, 1792 – December 4, 1848) was an Austrian Roman Catholic priest and writer, who wrote the words to the Christmas carol "Silent Night.".
Kapuzinerberg is a hill on the eastern bank of the Salzach river in Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria, which rises to an elevation of 640 metres.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kehlsteinhaus (known as the Eagle's Nest in English-speaking countries) is a Third Reich-era building erected atop the summit of the Kehlstein, a rocky outcrop that rises above the Obersalzberg near the town of Berchtesgaden.
The Kingdom of Bavaria (Königreich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
Klaus Ager (born 10 May 1946 in Salzburg) is an Austrian composer and conductor.
The House for Mozart (formerly known as Kleines Festspielhaus) is a theatre in Austria.
Knight and Day is a 2010 American action comedy film starring Tom Cruise and Cameron Diaz.
The Kollegienkirche (Collegiate Church) in Salzburg, Austria, is the church of the University of Salzburg.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
A law degree is an academic degree conferred for studies in law.
León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua.
Linz (Linec) is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria (Oberösterreich).
The List of major U.S. Commands of World War II includes major military commands of the United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Maria Augusta von Trapp DHS (née Kutschera; 26 January 1905 – 28 March 1987), also known as Baroness von Trapp, was the stepmother and matriarch of the Trapp Family Singers.
Mark Sittich von Hohenems (24 June 1574 – 9 October 1619) was Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1612 until his death.
Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.
Massimiliano Fuksas (born January 9, 1944) is an Italian architect.
The Mönchsberg, at above sea level, is one of the five mountains in the city of Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria.
Mülln (Bavarian: "Mijn" or "Mün") is a small neighborhood in Salzburg, Austria surrounded by the Salzach River and neighborhoods Lehen, Riedenburg and Maxglan.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Johann Michael Haydn (14 September 173710 August 1806) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Mirabell Palace (Schloss Mirabell) is an historic building in the city of Salzburg, Austria.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
Mozart's birthplace (German: or) was the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at No.
The Mozarteum University Salzburg (German: Universität Mozarteum Salzburg), also known simply as Mozarteum Salzburg, is a university in Salzburg city, Austria, which specializes in music and the dramatic arts.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
Municipium (pl. municipia) was the Latin term for a town or city.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences is a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in 1517 by Martin Luther, professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg, Germany, that started the Reformation, a schism in the Catholic Church which profoundly changed Europe.
Nonnberg Abbey (Stift Nonnberg) is a Benedictine monastery in Salzburg, Austria.
Noricum is the Latin name for a Celtic kingdom, or federation of tribes, that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia.
Oberndorf bei Salzburg is a town in the Austrian state of Salzburg, about 17 km (11 mi) north of the City of Salzburg.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Otto (Óthon; 1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867) was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London.
Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).
The Paracelsus Medical University (Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität) is a private university in Salzburg municipality, Austria.
The Petersfriedhof or St.
A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some secular principality and sovereignty.
A prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of enemy combatants captured by a belligerent power in time of war.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Province of Parma (Provincia di Parma) is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.
The Province of Verona (Provincia di Verona) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy.
Red Bull is an energy drink sold by Red Bull GmbH, an Austrian company created in 1987.
The Red Bull Arena (known for UEFA Euro 2008 as the EM-Stadion Wals-Siezenheim and during UEFA club football events as Stadion Salzburg) is a football stadium in Wals-Siezenheim, a municipality in the suburb of Salzburg, Austria.
Red Bull Stratos was a space diving project involving Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The Republic of German-Austria (Republik Deutschösterreich or Deutsch-Österreich) was a country created following World War I as the initial rump state for areas with a predominantly German-speaking population within what had been the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The Residenzgalerie is an art gallery in the Alte Residenz, Salzburg, Austria.
Residenzplatz is a large, stately square in the historic centre of Salzburg in Austria.
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
Roland Ratzenberger (4 July 1960 – 30 April 1994) was an Austrian racing driver who raced in sports prototype, British Formula 3000, Japanese Formula 3000 and Formula One.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic and, until the Tetrarchy (from 293 AD), the largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside Italy.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
Rupert of Salzburg (Ruprecht, Robertus, Rupertus; 660 – 710 AD) was Bishop of Worms as well as the first Bishop of Salzburg and abbot of St. Peter's in Salzburg.
The S-train is a type of hybrid urban-suburban rail serving a metropolitan region.
Saint Liutberga (died c. 870), also called Liutbirg and Liutbirga, was an influential nun in Saxony in the 9th century, who ended her life as an anchoress in Windenhausen (or Wendhausen).
The Salzach is a river in Austria and Germany.
Salzburg (literally "Salt Fortress") is a state (Land) of Austria.
Salzburg Airport, branded as Salzburg Airport W. A. Mozart, is the second largest international airport in Austria.
Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom) is the seventeenth-century Baroque cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Salzburg in the city of Salzburg, Austria, dedicated to Saint Rupert and Saint Vergilius.
The Salzburg Easter Festival (German: Osterfestspiele Salzburg) is an annual festival of opera and classical music held in Salzburg, Austria during Easter week.
The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama established in 1920.
Salzburg Residenz is a palace located at Domplatz and Residenzplatz in the historic centre (Altstadt) of Salzburg, Austria.
Salzburg Zoo (German: Zoo Salzburg), also referred to as Tiergarten Hellbrunn, is a zoo in Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria.
The Salzkammergut is a resort area located in Austria, stretching from the city of Salzburg eastwards along the Alpine Foreland and the Northern Limestone Alps to the peaks of the Dachstein Mountains.
Santino Solari (1576 – April 10, 1646), was an Italian architect and sculptor, who worked mainly in Austria.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Schloss Klessheim is a Baroque palace located in Wals-Siezenheim, west of Salzburg, Austria.
Schloss Leopoldskron is a rococo palace and a national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of the city of Salzburg, Austria.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Sigismund Graf von Schrattenbach (28 February 1698 – 16 December 1771) was Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1753 to 1771.
"Silent Night" (italic) is a popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria.
Singida, is a city in central Tanzania.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Sochi (a) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
St Peter's Abbey (Stift Sankt Peter), or St Peter's Archabbey (German: Erzabtei Sankt Peter, Archiabbatia sancti Petri Salisburgensis), is a Benedictine monastery and former cathedral in the Austrian city of Salzburg.
Stefan Zweig (28 November 1881 – 22 February 1942) was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist and biographer.
Stockinger is an Austrian-made police television drama, with fourteen 45-minute episodes first aired from 1996 to 1997.
SV Austria Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in the city of Salzburg.
A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Sound of Music is a 1965 American musical drama film produced and directed by Robert Wise, and starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer, with Richard Haydn and Eleanor Parker.
Theodo (about 625 – 11 December c. 716) also known as Theodo V and Theodo II, was the Duke of Bavaria from 670 or, more probably, 680 to his death.
Theodor Herzl (תאודור הֶרְצֵל Te'odor Hertsel, Herzl Tivadar; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904), Hebrew name given at his brit milah Binyamin Ze'ev (בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב), also known in Hebrew as, Chozeh HaMedinah (lit. "Visionary of the State") was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer who was the father of modern political Zionism.
Thomas Bernhard (born Nicolaas Thomas Bernhard; 9 February 1931 – 12 February 1989) was an Austrian novelist, playwright and poet.
Tourism in Austria forms an important part of the country's economy, accounting for almost 9% of the Austrian gross domestic product.
The Treaty of Munich (German Vertrag von München) of 14 April 1816 normalized relations between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Bavaria through several territorial exchanges.
The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German-Austria on the other.
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (Trentino-Alto Adige,; Trentino-Südtirol; Trentin-Südtirol) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy.
The Salzburg trolleybus system forms part of the public transport network serving Salzburg, capital of the federal state of Salzburg in Austria.
Tyrol (historically the Tyrole, Tirol, Tirolo) is a historical region in the Alps; in northern Italy and western Austria.
The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations.
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
The University of Salzburg, also known as the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg (Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg, PLUS), named after its founder, Prince-Archbishop Paris Lodron, is a public university located in Salzburg city, Austria.
The Untersberg is the northernmost massif of the Berchtesgaden Alps, a prominent spur straddling the border between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria.
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Veneto (or,; Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Vincenzo Scamozzi (2 September 1548 – 7 August 1616) was an Italian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century.
Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau (26 March 1559 – 16 January 1617) was Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1587 to 1612.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
The 1993–94 UEFA Cup was won by Internazionale on aggregate over Austria Salzburg.
The 1994 San Marino Grand Prix (formally the 14° Gran Premio di San Marino) was a Formula One motor race held on 1 May 1994 at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, located in Imola, Italy.
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 12 to 28 February 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (r) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Historic Centre of Salzburg, Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg, History of Salzburg, Iuvavia, Iuvavum, Juvavia, Juvavum, Salisburgium, Salzbourg, Salzburg (city), Salzburg, Austria, UN/LOCODE:ATSZG.