330 relations: A Piece of Monologue, A. A. Luce, Absurdism, Act Without Words I, Act Without Words II, Ahmad Kamyabi Mask, Aidan Higgins, Alain Badiou, Albert Camus, Alberto Giacometti, Alberto Ruy Sánchez, Alberto Toscano, All That Fall, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, An Post, André Breton, Andrew Karpati Kennedy, Anthony Cronin, Anthony Minghella, Aosdána, Arnold Geulincx, Arthur Schopenhauer, Avant-garde, Avigdor Arikha, École normale supérieure (Paris), B. S. Johnson, Barbara Bray, Barcelona, Barry McGovern, BBC, BBC Radio 4, BBC Third Programme, Beat Generation, Benjamin Kunkel, Beverly Hills, California, Billie Whitelaw, Black comedy, Blanaid Salkeld, Bloomsday, Breath (play), Brian Coffey, Brian O'Nolan, Brighton, Bruce Nauman, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Campbell College, Cascando, Catastrophe (play), Catherine Walsh (poet), ..., Celtic Revival, Central Bank of Ireland, Charles Kegan Paul, Charlie Kaufman, Chess, Christopher Ricks, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Church of Ireland, Claddagh Records, Come and Go, Company (short story), Continuum International Publishing Group, Cormac McCarthy, County Fermanagh, Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Da Capo Press, Damian Pettigrew, Dante Alighieri, David Mamet, David Wheatley (poet), David Wright (poet), Deirdre Bair, Democritus, Denis Devlin, Derek Mahon, Detective fiction, Dictatorship, Disjecta (Beckett), Divine Comedy, DNA, Don DeLillo, Donald Barthelme, Douglas Gordon, Dream of Fair to Middling Women, Dublin, Dublin University Cricket Club, Ebury Publishing, Echo's Bones, Edinburgh, Edna O'Brien, Edvard Munch, Edward Albee, Eh Joe, Eleutheria (play), Embers, Endgame (play), English Heritage, Enniskillen, Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art, ESPNcricinfo, Eugène Ionesco, Eugene Jolas, Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Ireland), Existentialism, Experimental literature, Ezra Pound, Faber and Faber, Film (film), Finnegans Wake, First Love (short story), First-class cricket, Fizzles, Footfalls, Foxrock, Frankfurt, French Resistance, From an Abandoned Work, Garden City, New York, George Berkeley, Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography, Gestapo, Ghost Trio (play), Gilles Deleuze, Gray code, Grove Press, György Kurtág, György Lukács, Happy Days (play), Harold Pinter, Harry Ransom Center, Heinz Holliger, Henri Bergson, Houghton Library, How It Is, Huguenots, Ill Seen Ill Said, Immanuel Kant, Internal monologue, Irish Naval Service, Italo Calvino, Ivan Goncharov, J. M. Coetzee, Jack MacGowran, James Joyce, James Joyce Bridge, Jasper Johns, Jean Racine, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jim Norton (comedian), Jocelyn Herbert, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Banville, John Millington Synge, John Milton, John Minihan (photographer), John Ryan (Dublin artist), Jon Fosse, Jorge Luis Borges, Justin Fleming, Keith Ridgway, Kenneth Tynan, Krapp's Last Tape, Laurence Sterne, LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61), Leopardstown Racecourse, Les Éditions de Minuit, List of people on the postage stamps of Ireland, List of Scholars of Trinity College, Dublin, Literary realism, London, Lucia Joyce, Luciano Berio, Lydia Davis, Maeve Binchy, Malone Dies, Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Maquis (World War II), Marcel Duchamp, Marcel Proust, Marina Carr, Marquis de Sade, Martin Esslin, Mel Gussow, Mercier and Camier, Methuen Publishing, Miami, Michel Foucault, Minimalism, Modernism, Molloy (novel), Montparnasse Cemetery, More Pricks Than Kicks, Morton Feldman, Murphy (novel), Nacht und Träume (play), Nazi Germany, Neither (opera), New German Critique, New York City, Nina Power, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nohow On, Northamptonshire County Cricket Club, Northern Ireland, Not I, Oblomov, Octavio Paz, Oh! Calcutta!, Ohio Impromptu, Oscar Wilde, Our Exagmination Round His Factification for Incamination of Work in Progress, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Paris, Parkinson's disease, Pascal Dusapin, Pascale Casanova, Patrick Kavanagh, Patrick Swift, Paul Auster, Peggy Guggenheim, Permutation, Peter Hall (director), Peter Lang (publisher), Philip Glass, Philip K. Dick, Philosophical realism, Play (play), Portora Royal School, Postmodern literature, Procuring (prostitution), Proust (Beckett essay), Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Prvoslav Vujcic, Quad (play), Quantity surveyor, Random House, René Descartes, Resistance Medal, Revue, Richard Kalich, Rive Gauche, River Liffey, Robert Harvey (literary theorist), Robert McAlmon, Robert Pinget, Rockaby, Rodopi (publisher), Roger Blin, Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, Rough for Radio I, Rough for Radio II, Rough for Theatre I, Rough for Theatre II, Roussillon, Vaucluse, Routledge, Royal Court Theatre, S. E. Gontarski, Sam Shepard, Samuel Beckett Bridge, Samuel Johnson, Santiago Calatrava, Saoi, Sarah Kane, Schizophrenia, Seamus Heaney, Seán O'Casey, Sergei Eisenstein, Short story, Simon & Schuster, Simone de Beauvoir, Stéphane Mallarmé, Stirrings Still, Stories and Texts for Nothing, Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil, Symbolism (arts), T. S. Eliot, Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust, Telegram style, Terry Eagleton, That Time, The Bookman (London), The Complete Short Prose 1929–1989, The Dublin Magazine, The Guardian, The Irish Times, The Lilliput Press, The Lost Ones (Beckett), The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Sunday Times, The Times Literary Supplement, The Unnamable (novel), Theatre of the Absurd, Theodor W. Adorno, Thomas Kinsella, Thomas MacGreevy, Three Dialogues, Tom Stoppard, Toulouse, Tragicomedy, Transition (literary journal), Trevor Joyce, Trinity College Dublin, Tunis, University of Antwerp, University of Reading, Vaucluse, Václav Havel, Verso Books, Vivian Mercier, Vsevolod Pudovkin, W. B. Yeats, Waiting for Godot, Walter D. Asmus, Washington University in St. Louis, Watt (novel), What Where, Wiley-Blackwell, Wilfred Bion, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, Willi Glasauer, William Carlos Williams, William S. Burroughs, Words and Music (play), Worstward Ho, X (magazine), Xlibris, ... but the clouds .... Expand index (280 more) » « Shrink index
A Piece of Monologue is a fifteen-minute play by Samuel Beckett.
Arthur Aston Luce MC (21 August 1882 – 28 June 1977) was professor of philosophy at Trinity College, Dublin and also Precentor of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin (1952–1973).
In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any.
Act Without Words I is a short play by Samuel Beckett.
Act Without Words II is a short mime play by Samuel Beckett, his second (after Act Without Words I).
Ahmad Kamyabi Mask (احمد کامیابی مَسْک; born 1944) is a writer, translator, publisher and current Professor Emeritus of Modern Drama and Theater of the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Tehran.
Aidan Higgins (3 March 1927 – 27 December 2015) was an Irish writer.
Alain Badiou (born 17 January 1937) is a French philosopher, formerly chair of Philosophy at the École normale supérieure (ENS) and founder of the faculty of Philosophy of the Université de Paris VIII with Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault and Jean-François Lyotard.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Alberto Giacometti (10 October 1901 – 11 January 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker.
Alberto Ruy-Sánchez Lacy is a Mexican writer and editor born in Mexico City on 7 December 1951.
Alberto Toscano (born 1 January 1977) is a British cultural critic, social theorist, philosopher and translator best known to the English-speaking world for his translations of the work of Alain Badiou, including Badiou’s The Century and Logics of Worlds.
All That Fall is a one-act radio play by Samuel Beckett produced following a request from the BBC.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
An Post (English literal translation: "The Post") is the state-owned provider of postal services in the Republic of Ireland.
André Breton (18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet, and anti-fascist.
Andrew Edmund Karpati Kennedy (9 January 1931 – 20 December 2016) was an author and literary critic with a passionate interest in the language of drama.
Anthony Gerard Richard Cronin (23 December 1928 – 27 December 2016) was an Irish poet, novelist, biographer, critic, commentator, barrister and arts activist.
Anthony Minghella, CBE (6 January 195418 March 2008) was a British film director, playwright and screenwriter.
Aosdána (from aos dána "people of the arts") is an Irish association of artists.
Arnold Geulincx (31 January 1624 – November 1669) was a Flemish philosopher.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.
Avigdor Arikha (April 28, 1929 – April 29, 2010) was a Romanian-born French–Israeli painter, draughtsman, printmaker, and art historian.
The École normale supérieure (also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system) and a constituent college of Université PSL.
Bryan Stanley Johnson (5 February 1933 – 13 November 1973) was an English experimental novelist, poet and literary critic.
Barbara Bray (née Jacobs; 24 November 1924 – 25 February 2010) was an English translator and critic.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Barry McGovern (born 1948) is an Irish stage, film and television actor.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
The BBC Third Programme was a national radio service produced and broadcast by the BBC between 1946 and 1970.
The Beat Generation was a literary movement started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-World War II era.
Benjamin Kunkel (born December 14, 1972 in Colorado) is an American novelist.
Beverly Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood.
Billie Honor Whitelaw, CBE (6 June 1932 – 21 December 2014) was an English actress.
Black comedy, also known as dark comedy or gallows humor, is a comic style that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particularly subjects that are normally considered serious or painful to discuss.
Blánaid Salkeld (1880–1959) was an Irish poet, dramatist, and actor, whose well-known literary salon was attended by, among others, Patrick Kavanagh and Flann O'Brien.
Bloomsday is a commemoration and celebration of the life of Irish writer James Joyce, observed annually in Dublin and elsewhere on 16 June, the day his novel Ulysses takes place in 1904, the date of his first outing with his wife-to-be, Nora Barnacle, and named after its protagonist Leopold Bloom.
Breath is a notably short stage work by Samuel Beckett.
Brian Coffey (8 June 1905 – 14 April 1995) was an Irish poet and publisher.
Brian O'Nolan (Brian Ó Nualláin; 5 October 1911 – 1 April 1966) was an Irish novelist, playwright and satirist, considered a major figure in twentieth century Irish literature.
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.
Bruce Nauman (born December 6, 1941) is an American artist.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Campbell College is a private school/fee-paying independent secondary school classified as a voluntary B grammar school and fee-paying preparatory department located in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Cascando is a radio play by Samuel Beckett.
Catastrophe is a short play by Samuel Beckett, written in French in 1982 at the invitation of A.I.D.A. (Association Internationale de Défense des Artistes) and “irst produced in the Avignon Festival (21 July 1982) … Beckett considered it ‘massacred.’” It is one of his few plays to deal with a political theme and, arguably, holds the title of Beckett's most optimistic work.
Catherine Walsh (born 1964) is an Irish poet.
The Celtic Revival (also referred to as the Celtic Twilight or Celtomania) was a variety of movements and trends in the 19th and 20th centuries that saw a renewed interest in aspects of Celtic culture.
The Central Bank of Ireland (Banc Ceannais na hÉireann) is Ireland's central bank, and as such part of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
Charles Kegan Paul (1828 – 19 July 1902) was an English publisher and author.
Charles Stuart Kaufman (born November 19, 1958) is an American screenwriter, producer, director, and lyricist.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Sir Christopher Bruce Ricks (born 18 September 1933) is a British (although he lives in the US) literary critic and scholar.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.
The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
Claddagh Records is a record label which was founded in 1959 by Garech Browne and Ivor Browne.
Come and Go is a short play (described as a "dramaticule" on its title page) by Samuel Beckett.
Company is a novella by Samuel Beckett, written in English and published by John Calder in 1979.
Continuum International Publishing Group was an academic publisher of books with editorial offices in London and New York City.
Cormac McCarthy (born Charles McCarthy; July 20, 1933) is an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter.
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.
Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
Damian (also Damien) Pettigrew (born in Quebec) is a Canadian filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, author, and multimedia artist, best known for his cinematic portraits of Balthus, Federico Fellini and Jean Giraud.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
David Alan Mamet (born November 30, 1947) is an American playwright, film director, screenwriter and author.
David Wheatley (born 1970) is an Irish poet and critic.
David John Murray Wright (23 February 1920 – 28 August 1994) was an author and "an acclaimed South African-born poet".
Deirdre Bair (born June 21, 1935) is an American writer and biographer.
Democritus (Δημόκριτος, Dēmókritos, meaning "chosen of the people") was an Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today for his formulation of an atomic theory of the universe.
Denis Devlin (15 April 1908 – 21 August 1959) was, along with Samuel Beckett and Brian Coffey, one of the generation of Irish modernist poets to emerge at the end of the 1920s.
Derek Mahon (born 23 November 1941) is an Irish poet.
Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective—either professional, amateur or retired—investigates a crime, often murder.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism.
Disjecta: Miscellaneous Writings and a Dramatic Fragment is a collection of previously uncollected writings by Samuel Beckett, spanning his entire career.
The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Donald Richard "Don" DeLillo (born November 20, 1936) is an American novelist, playwright and essayist.
Donald Barthelme (April 7, 1931 – July 23, 1989) was an American short story writer and novelist known for his playful, postmodernist style of short fiction.
Douglas Gordon (born 20 September 1966) is a Scottish artist.
Dream of Fair to Middling Women is Samuel Beckett’s first novel.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dublin University Cricket Club is a cricket team in Ireland.
Ebury Publishing is a division of Penguin Random House, and is a well-known publisher of general non-fiction books in the UK.
‘Echo's Bones’ is a short story by Samuel Beckett.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edna O'Brien, DBE (born 15 December 1930) is an Irish novelist, memoirist, playwright, poet and short story writer.
Edvard Munch (12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century.
Edward Franklin Albee III (March 12, 1928 – September 16, 2016) was an American playwright known for works such as The Zoo Story (1958), The Sandbox (1959), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962), and A Delicate Balance (1966).
Eh Joe is a piece for television, written in English by Samuel Beckett, his first work for the medium.
Eleutheria (sometimes rendered Eleuthéria: see image) is a play by Samuel Beckett, written in French in 1947.
Embers is a radio play by Samuel Beckett.
Endgame, by Samuel Beckett, is a one-act play with four characters.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.
Enniskillen is a town and civil parish in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
December 1949 – July 1951.
ESPNcricinfo (formerly known as Cricinfo or CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.
Eugène Ionesco (born Eugen Ionescu,; 26 November 1909 – 28 March 1994) was a Romanian-French playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre.
John George Eugène Jolas (October 26, 1894 – May 26, 1952) was a writer, translator and literary critic.
This article covers euro gold and silver commemorative coins issued by the Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
Experimental literature refers to written work—usually fiction or poetry—that emphasizes innovation, most especially in technique.
Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (30 October 1885 – 1 November 1972) was an expatriate American poet and critic, as well as a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement.
Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom.
Film is a 1965 short film written by Samuel Beckett, his only screenplay.
Finnegans Wake is a work of fiction by Irish writer James Joyce.
First Love is a short story by Samuel Beckett, written in 1946 and first published in its original French version in 1970 and, in Beckett's English translation, in 1973.
First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket.
The "fizzles" are eight short prose pieces written by Samuel Beckett.
Footfalls is a play by Samuel Beckett.
Foxrock is a suburb of Dublin, Ireland.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
From An Abandoned Work, a "meditation for radio"The Faber Companion to Samuel Beckett, p 213 by Samuel Beckett, was first broadcast on BBC Radio 3’s Third Programme on Saturday, 14 December 1957 together with a selection from the novel Molloy.
Garden City is an incorporated village in Nassau County, New York, United States, in the town of Hempstead.
George Berkeley (12 March 168514 January 1753) — known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne) — was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others).
The Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography (Всероссийский государственный университет кинематографии имени С.А.Герасимова, meaning All-Russian State University of Cinematography named after S. A. Gerasimov), a.k.a. VGIK, is a film school in Moscow, Russia.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Ghost Trio is a television play, written in English by Samuel Beckett.
Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.
The reflected binary code (RBC), also known just as reflected binary (RB) or Gray code after Frank Gray, is an ordering of the binary numeral system such that two successive values differ in only one bit (binary digit).
Grove Press is an American publishing imprint that was founded in 1947.
György Kurtág (born 19 February 1926 in Lugoj) is an award-winning Hungarian classical composer and pianist.
György Lukács (also Georg Lukács; born György Bernát Löwinger; 13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic.
Happy Days is a play in two acts, written by Samuel Beckett.
Harold Pinter (10 October 1930 – 24 December 2008) was a Nobel Prize-winning British playwright, screenwriter, director and actor.
The Harry Ransom Center is an archive, library and museum at the University of Texas at Austin, USA, specializing in the collection of literary and cultural artifacts from the United States and Europe for the purpose of advancing the study of the arts and humanities.
Heinz Robert Holliger (born 21 May 1939) is a Swiss oboist, composer and conductor.
Henri-Louis Bergson (18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a French-Jewish philosopher who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until World War II.
Houghton Library, on the south side of Harvard Yard adjacent to Widener Library, is Harvard University's primary repository for rare books and manuscripts.
How It Is is a novel by Samuel Beckett first published in French as Comment c'est by Les Editions de Minuit in 1961.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
Ill Seen Ill Said is a short novel by Samuel Beckett.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Internal monologue or self-talk refers to a person's inner voice that provides a running monologue while we are awake.
The Naval Service (an tSeirbhís Chabhlaigh) is the maritime component of the Defence Forces of Ireland and is one of the three branches of the Irish Defence Forces.
Italo Calvino (. RAI (circa 1970), retrieved 25 October 2012. 15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels.
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov (Goncharoff) (r; –) was a Russian novelist best known for his novels A Common Story (1847), Oblomov (1859), and The Precipice (1869).
John Maxwell Coetzee (born 9 February 1940) is a South African novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature.
John Joseph "Jack" MacGowran (13 October 1918 – 31 January 1973) was an Irish actor, probably best known for his work with Samuel Beckett.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
James Joyce Bridge is a road bridge spanning the River Liffey in Dublin, Ireland, joining the south quays to Blackhall Place on the north side.
Jasper Johns (born May 15, 1930) is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work is associated with abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and pop art.
Jean Racine, baptismal name Jean-Baptiste Racine (22 December 163921 April 1699), was a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France (along with Molière and Corneille), and an important literary figure in the Western tradition.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
James Isaac Norton Jr. (born July 19, 1968) is an American comedian, radio personality, actor, author, and television and podcast host.
Jocelyn Herbert RDI (22 February 1917 – 6 May 2003) was a highly influential British stage designer.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
William John Banville (born 8 December 1945), who sometimes writes as Benjamin Black, is an Irish novelist, adapter of dramas, and screenwriter.
Edmund John Millington Synge (16 April 1871 – 24 March 1909) was an Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, travel writer and collector of folklore.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
John Minihan is an Irish photographer, born in Dublin in 1946 and raised in Athy, County Kildare.
John Ryan (1925–1992) was an Irish artist, broadcaster, publisher, critic, editor, and publican.
Jon Olav Fosse (born 29 September 1959) is a Norwegian author and dramatist.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.
Justin Fleming (born 3 January 1953), born Sydney, Australia is a playwright and author.
Keith Ridgway is an Irish novelist.
Kenneth Peacock Tynan (2 April 1927 – 26 July 1980) was an English theatre critic and writer.
Krapp's Last Tape is a one-act play, in English, by Samuel Beckett.
Laurence Sterne (24 November 1713 – 18 March 1768) was an Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman.
LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61) is a (OPV) of the Irish Naval Service.
Leopardstown Racecourse is an Irish horse-racing venue, located in Leopardstown, Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, 8km south of the Dublin city centre.
Les Éditions de Minuit (Midnight Press) is a French publishing house which has its origins in the French Resistance of World War II and still publishes books today.
This is a list of people on stamps of Ireland, including the years when they appeared on a stamp.
This is a list of notable individuals elected as Scholars of Trinity College, Dublin.
Literary realism is part of the realist art movement beginning with mid nineteenth-century French literature (Stendhal), and Russian literature (Alexander Pushkin) and extending to the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lucia Anna Joyce (26 July 1907, Trieste – 12 December 1982, Northampton) was a professional dancer and the daughter of Irish writer James Joyce and Nora Barnacle.
Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer.
Lydia Davis (born July 15, 1947) is an American writer noted for literary works of extreme brevity (commonly called "flash fiction").
Maeve Binchy Snell (28 May 1939Born 1939 as per biography, Maeve Binchy by Piers Dudgeon, Thomas Dunne Books 2013; (hardcover), pp. 4, 280, 302; (ebook) – 30 July 2012), known as Maeve Binchy, was an Irish novelist, playwright, short story writer, columnist, and speaker best known for her sympathetic and often humorous portrayal of small-town life in Ireland, her descriptive characters, her interest in human nature, and her often clever surprise endings.
Malone Dies is a novel by Samuel Beckett.
Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (14 June 1939 in Barcelona – 18 October 2003 in Bangkok) was a prolific Spanish writer: journalist, novelist, poet, essayist, anthologue, prologist, humorist, critic and political prisoner as well as a gastronome and a FC Barcelona supporter.
The Maquis were rural guerrilla bands of French Resistance fighters, called maquisards, during the Occupation of France in World War II.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Marina Carr (born 17 November 1964) is an Irish playwright.
Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade (2 June 1740 – 2 December 1814), was a French nobleman, revolutionary politician, philosopher, and writer, famous for his libertine sexuality.
Martin Julius Esslin OBE (6 June 1918 – 24 February 2002) was a Hungarian-born English producer, dramatist, journalist, adaptor and translator, critic, academic scholar and professor of drama, best known for coining the term "Theatre of the Absurd" in his work of the same name (Theatre of the Absurd; 1962).
Melvyn Hayes "Mel" Gussow (pronounced GUSS-owe; December 19, 1933 – April 29, 2005) was an American theater critic, movie critic, and author who wrote for The New York Times for 35 years.
Mercier and Camier is a novel by Samuel Beckett that was written in 1946, but remained unpublished until 1970.
Methuen Publishing Ltd is an English publishing house.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
In visual arts, music, and other mediums, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Molloy is a novel by Samuel Beckett written in French and first published by Paris-based Les Éditions de Minuit in 1951.
Montparnasse Cemetery (Cimetière du Montparnasse) is a cemetery in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, part of the city's 14th arrondissement.
More Pricks Than Kicks is a collection of short prose by Samuel Beckett, first published in 1934.
Morton Feldman (January 12, 1926 – September 3, 1987) was an American composer.
Murphy, first published in 1938, is an avant-garde novel as well as the third work of prose fiction by the Irish author and dramatist Samuel Beckett.
Nacht und Träume (Night and Dreams) is the last television play written and directed by Samuel Beckett.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neither is the only “opera” by Morton Feldman, dating from 1977.
The New German Critique is a contemporary academic journal in German studies.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nina Power is a cultural critic, social theorist, philosopher and translator.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
Nohow on is a collection of three prose pieces by Samuel Beckett, comprising Company, Ill Seen Ill Said, and Worstward Ho.
Northamptonshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Not I is a short dramatic monologue written in 1972 (March 20 to April 1) by Samuel Beckett which was premiered at the "Samuel Beckett Festival" by the Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center, New York (22 November 1972).
Oblomov (Обломов) is the second novel by Russian writer Ivan Goncharov, first published in 1859.
Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican poet and diplomat.
Oh! Calcutta! is an avant-garde theatrical revue, created by British drama critic Kenneth Tynan.
Ohio Impromptu is a "playlet" by Samuel Beckett.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Our Exagmination Round His Factification for Incamination of Work in Progress is a 1929 collection of critical essays, and two letters, on the subject of James Joyce's book Finnegans Wake, then being published in discrete sections under the title Work in Progress.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Pascal Dusapin (born 29 May 1955) is a contemporary French composer born in Nancy, France.
Pascale Casanova (born 1959) is a French literary critic.
Patrick Kavanagh (21 October 1904 – 30 November 1967) was an Irish poet and novelist.
Patrick Swift (1927–1983) was an Irish painter who worked in Dublin, London and Algarve in southern Portugal.
Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947) is an American writer and director whose writing blends absurdism, existentialism, crime fiction, and the search for identity and personal meaning.
Marguerite "Peggy" Guggenheim (August 26, 1898 – December 23, 1979) was an American art collector, bohemian and socialite.
In mathematics, the notion of permutation relates to the act of arranging all the members of a set into some sequence or order, or if the set is already ordered, rearranging (reordering) its elements, a process called permuting.
Sir Peter Reginald Frederick Hall CBE (22 November 1930 11 September 2017) was an English theatre, opera and film director whose obituary in The Times declared him "the most important figure in British theatre for half a century" and on his death a Royal National Theatre statement declared that Hall’s "influence on the artistic life of Britain in the 20th century was unparalleled".
Peter Lang is an academic publisher specializing in the humanities and social sciences.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer known for his work in science fiction.
Realism (in philosophy) about a given object is the view that this object exists in reality independently of our conceptual scheme.
Play is a one-act play by Samuel Beckett.
Portora Royal School located in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, was one of the 'free schools' founded by the Royal Charter in 1608, by James I. Originally called Enniskillen Royal School, the school was established some ten years after the Royal Decree, in 1618, 15 miles outside Enniskillen at Ballybalfour, before moving to Enniskillen in 1661.
Postmodern literature is literature characterized by reliance on narrative techniques such as fragmentation, paradox, and the unreliable narrator; and is often (though not exclusively) defined as a style or a trend which emerged in the post–World War II era.
Procuring or pandering is the facilitation or provision of a prostitute or sex worker in the arrangement of a sex act with a customer.
Samuel Beckett's essay Proust, from 1930, is an aesthetic and epistemological manifesto, which is more concerned with Beckett's influences and preoccupations than with its ostensible subject.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
Prvoslav Vujcic (Првослав Вујчић; born 20 July 1960) is a Canadian writer, poet, translator, columnist and aphorist of Serbian origin.
Quad is a television play by Samuel Beckett, written and first produced and broadcast in 1981.
A quantity surveyor (QS) is a construction industry professional with expert knowledge on construction costs and contracts.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
The Resistance medal (Médaille de la Résistance) was a decoration bestowed by the French Committee of National Liberation, based in the United Kingdom, during World War II.
A revue (from French 'magazine' or 'overview') is a type of multi-act popular theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance, and sketches.
Richard Kalich, the author of The Nihilesthete (1987), Penthouse F (2010) and Charlie P (2005) published in 2014 in a single volume as Central Park West Trilogy, and The Zoo (2001).
La Rive Gauche (The Left Bank) is the southern bank of the river Seine in Paris.
The River Liffey (Irish: An Life) is a river in Ireland, which flows through the centre of Dublin.
Robert Harvey (born Robert James Harvey in Oakland, California in 1951) is a literary scholar and academic.
Robert Menzies McAlmon (also used Robert M. McAlmon, as his signature name, March 9, 1895 – February 2, 1956) was an American author, poet and publisher.
Robert Pinget (Geneva, July 19, 1919 – August 25, 1997, Tours) was an avant-garde French writer, born in Switzerland, who wrote several novels and other prose pieces that drew comparison to Beckett and other major Modernist writers.
Rockaby is a short one-woman play by Samuel Beckett.
Rodopi, founded in 1966 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, is an academic publishing company with offices in the Netherlands and the United States.
Roger Blin (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 22 March 1907 – Évecquemont, France, 21 January 1984) was a French actor and director notable for staging world premieres of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot in 1953 and ''Endgame'' (play) in 1957.
Roman Haubenstock-Ramati (רוֹמן האובּנשׁטוֹק-רָמָתִי; 27 February 1919, in Kraków – 3 March 1994, in Vienna) was a composer and music editor who worked in Kraków, Tel Aviv and Vienna.
Rough for Radio I is a short radio play by Samuel Beckett, written in French in 1961 and first published in Minuit 5 in September 1973 as Esquisse radiophonique.
Rough for Radio II is a radio play by Samuel Beckett.
Rough for Theatre I is a one-act theatrical sketch by Samuel Beckett.
Rough for Theatre II (also known simply as Theatre II) is a short play by Samuel Beckett.
Roussillon is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Court Theatre, at different times known as the Court Theatre, the New Chelsea Theatre, and the Belgravia Theatre, is a non-commercial West End theatre on Sloane Square, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, England.
Stanley E. Gontarski (born February 27, 1942) specializes in twentieth-century Irish Studies, in British, U.S., and European Modernism, and in performance theory.
Samuel Shepard Rogers III (November 5, 1943 – July 27, 2017), known professionally as Sam Shepard, was an American actor, playwright, author, screenwriter, and director whose body of work spanned half a century.
Samuel Beckett Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in Dublin that joins Sir John Rogerson's Quay on the south side of the River Liffey to Guild Street and North Wall Quay in the Docklands area.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
Santiago Calatrava Valls (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish architect, structural design and analyst engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms.
Saoi (plural Saoithe; literally "wise one"; historically the title of the head of a bardic school) is the highest honour bestowed by Aosdána, a state-supported association of Irish creative artists.
Sarah Kane (3 February 1971 – 20 February 1999) was an English playwright.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Seamus Justin Heaney (13 April 1939 – 30 August 2013) was an Irish poet, playwright and translator.
Seán O'Casey (Seán Ó Cathasaigh; born John Casey; 30 March 1880 – 18 September 1964) was an Irish dramatist and memoirist.
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (p; 11 February 1948) was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage.
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood, however there are many exceptions to this.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (or;; 9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986) was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist.
Stéphane Mallarmé (18 March 1842 – 9 September 1898), whose real name was Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic.
Stirrings Still is the final prose piece by Samuel Beckett, written 1986–89 to give his American publisher, Barney Rosset, something to publish.
Stories and Texts for Nothing is a collection of stories by Samuel Beckett.
Suzanne Déchevaux-Dumesnil (1900 – 17 July 1989) at findagrave.com was the lover and later wife of Samuel Beckett.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust is a specialist mental health trust based in north London.
Telegram style, telegraph style, telegraphic style or telegraphese is a clipped way of writing that attempts to abbreviate words and pack as much information into the smallest possible number of words or characters.
Terence Francis "Terry" Eagleton FBA (born 22 February 1943) is a British literary theorist, critic and public intellectual.
For the song "That Time" by Regina Spektor see Begin to Hope That Time is a one-act play by Samuel Beckett, written in English between 8 June 1974 and August 1975.
The Bookman was a monthly magazine published in London from 1891 until 1934 by Hodder & Stoughton.
The Complete Short Prose 1929–1989 is a collection which includes all of Samuel Beckett's works written in prose, with the exception of his novels, novellas, and More Pricks Than Kicks which is considered "as much a novel as a collection of stories".
The Dublin Magazine was an Irish literary journal founded and edited by the poet Seamus O'Sullivan (real name James Sullivan Starkey) and published in Dublin by New Square Publications.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The Lilliput Press is an Irish publishing house.
The Lost Ones is the English translation of Le Dépeupleur, a short story abandoned by Samuel Beckett in 1966 and completed in 1970.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
The Unnamable is a 1953 novel by Samuel Beckett.
The Theatre of the Absurd (théâtre de l'absurde) is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.
Theodor W. Adorno (born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund; September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German philosopher, sociologist, and composer known for his critical theory of society.
Thomas Kinsella (born 4 May 1928) is an Irish poet, translator, editor, and publisher.
Thomas MacGreevy (born Thomas McGreevy; 26 October 1893 – 16 March 1967) was a pivotal figure in the history of Irish literary modernism.
Originally published in ''transition'' 49 in 1949, Three Dialogues represents a small part (fewer than 3000 words) of a correspondence between Samuel Beckett and Georges Duthuit about the nature of contemporary art, with particular reference to the work of Pierre Tal-Coat, André Masson and Bram van Velde.
Sir Tom Stoppard (born Tomáš Straussler; 3 July 1937) is a Czech-born British playwright and screenwriter.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Tragicomedy is a literary genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms.
transition was an experimental literary journal that featured surrealist, expressionist, and Dada art and artists.
Trevor Joyce (born 26 October 1947) is an Irish poet, born in Dublin.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), officially the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, a research university located in Dublin, Ireland.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
The University of Antwerp (Universiteit Antwerpen) is one of the major Belgian universities located in the city of Antwerp.
The University of Reading is a public university located in Reading, Berkshire, England.
The Vaucluse (Vauclusa in classical norm or Vau-Cluso in Mistralian norm) is a department in the southeast of France, named after the famous spring the Fontaine de Vaucluse.
Václav Havel (5 October 193618 December 2011) was a Czech statesman, writer and former dissident, who served as the last President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 and then as the first President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003.
Verso Books (formerly New Left Books) is a publishing house based in London and New York City, founded in 1970 by the staff of New Left Review.
Vivian Mercier (1919–1989) was an Irish literary critic.
Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin (p; 16 February 1893 – 30 June 1953) was a Russian and Soviet film director, screenwriter and actor who developed influential theories of montage.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
Waiting for Godot is a play by Samuel Beckett, in which two characters, Vladimir (Didi) and Estragon (Gogo), wait for the arrival of someone named Godot who never arrives, and while waiting they engage in a variety of discussions and encounter three other characters.
Walter D. Asmus (born 1941 in Lübeck) is a German theatre director.
Washington University in St.
Watt was Samuel Beckett's second published novel in English, largely written on the run in the south of France during the Second World War and published by Maurice Girodias's Olympia Press in 1953 (an extract had been published in the Dublin literary review, Envoy, in 1950).
What Where is Samuel Beckett's last play produced following a request for a new work for the 1983 Autumn Festival in Graz, Austria.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
Wilfred Ruprecht Bion DSO (8 September 1897 – 8 November 1979) was an influential British psychoanalyst, who became president of the British Psychoanalytical Society from 1962 to 1965.
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) is the second novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1795–96.
Willi Glasauer (born 9 December 1938 in Stříbro) is a German illustrator of books for children.
William Carlos Williams (September 17, 1883 – March 4, 1963) was an American poet and physician closely associated with modernism and imagism.
William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914 – August 2, 1997) was an American writer and visual artist.
Samuel Beckett wrote the radio play, Words and Music between November and December 1961.
"Worstward Ho" is a prose piece by Samuel Beckett.
X, A Quarterly Review, often referred to as X magazine, was a British review of literature and the arts published in London which ran for seven issues between 1959 and 1962.
Xlibris is a self-publishingRachel Donadio: The New York Times, April 27, 2008 and on-demand printing services provider, founded in 1997 and based in Bloomington, Indiana.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.