114 relations: Abrasive, Abrasive blasting, Aggregate (geology), Agriculture, Albert Atterberg, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Aquarium, Aragonite, Arenophile, Arkose, Artificial island, Artificial reef, Basalt, Beach, Beach nourishment, Benthic zone, Brick, Calcium carbonate, Caribbean, Chlorite group, Clay, Cnidaria, Coast, Cob (material), Colloid, Concrete, Construction aggregate, Coral, Coral sand, Crystal, Denis Delestrac, Desert sand (color), Dredging, Dry quicksand, Dune buggy, Dust, Dust storm, Early thermal weapons, Energetically modified cement, Erosion, Feldspar, Flour, Foundry, Garnet, Gel, Gemstone, Geologist, Geotextile, Glass, Glauconite, ..., Gneiss, Grain size, Granite, Granularity, Gravel, Grus (geology), Gypsum, Heavy mineral sands ore deposits, Hydraulic fracturing, International Organization for Standardization, Iron, Islam, Lava, Limestone, Magnetite, Media filter, Mesoglea, Mineral, Molding sand, Mortar (masonry), New Mexico, New Scientist, Obsidian, Oil sands, Olivine, Organism, Paint, Particle size, Performance art, Persian Gulf, Pore water pressure, Psammomys, Quartz, Quicksand, Railroad engineer, Reef aquarium, Revolving rivers, Rock (geology), Safety data sheet, Sand animation, Sand art and play, Sand casting, Sand island, Sand theft, Sandbag, Sandstone, Sea anemone, Seashell, Shellfish, Silicon dioxide, Silt, Simon Ings, Singing sand, Soil, Soil texture, Southern Europe, Texture (crystalline), Tropics, Unified Soil Classification System, United States Department of Agriculture, Weathering, White Sands National Monument, Wudu, Zoantharia. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
An abrasive is a material, often a mineral, that is used to shape or finish a workpiece through rubbing which leads to part of the workpiece being worn away by friction.
Abrasive blasting, more commonly known as sandblasting, is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface or remove surface contaminants.
In the Earth sciences, aggregrate has three possible meanings.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Albert Mauritz Atterberg (March 19, 1846 – April 4, 1916) was a Swedish chemist and agricultural scientist who created the Atterberg limits, which are commonly referred to by geotechnical engineers and engineering geologists today.
The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) is a standards setting body which publishes specifications, test protocols and guidelines which are used in highway design and construction throughout the United States.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, one of the two most common, naturally occurring, crystal forms of calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (the other forms being the minerals calcite and vaterite).
An arenophile is one who collects sand samples, the interest of the hobby lying in the variety of texture, colour, mineralogy and location.
Arkose is a detrital sedimentary rock, specifically a type of sandstone containing at least 25% feldspar.
An artificial island or man-made island is an island that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means.
An artificial reef is a man-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
A beach is a landform alongside a body of water which consists of loose particles.
Beach nourishment (also referred to as beach renourishment, beach replenishment, or sand replenishment) describes a process by which sediment, usually sand, lost through longshore drift or erosion is replaced from other sources.
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.
A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The chlorites are a group of phyllosilicate minerals.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
Cnidaria is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic (freshwater and marine) environments: they are predominantly marine species.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
Cob, cobb or clom (in Wales) is a natural building material made from subsoil, water, fibrous organic material (typically straw), and sometimes lime.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Construction aggregate, or simply "aggregate", is a broad category of coarse to medium grained particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete and geosynthetic aggregates.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
Coral sand is a collection of sand of particles originating in tropical and sub-tropical marine environments from bioerosion of limestone skeletal material of marine organisms.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Denis Delestrac (born in France, 1968) is an award-winning film director.
Desert sand is a very light and very weakly saturated reddish yellow colour which corresponds specifically to the coloration of sand.
Dredging is an excavation activity usually carried out underwater, in harbours, shallow seas or freshwater areas with the purpose of gathering up bottom sediments to deepen or widen the sea bottom / channel.
Dry quicksand is loose sand whose bulk density is reduced by blowing air through it and which yields easily to weight or pressure.
A dune buggy — also known as a beach buggy — is a recreational motor vehicle with large wheels, and wide tires, designed for use on sand dunes, beaches, or desert recreation.
Dust are fine particles of matter.
A dust storm is a meteorological phenomenon common in arid and semi-arid regions.
Early thermal weapons were devices or substances used in warfare during the classical and medieval periods (approx 8th century BC until the mid-16th century AD) which used heat or burning action to destroy or damage enemy personnel, fortifications or territories.
Energetically modified cements (EMC) are a class of cementitious materials made from pozzolans (e.g. fly ash, volcanic ash, pozzolana), silica sand, blast furnace slag, or Portland cement (or blends of these ingredients).
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Feldspars (KAlSi3O8 – NaAlSi3O8 – CaAl2Si2O8) are a group of rock-forming tectosilicate minerals that make up about 41% of the Earth's continental crust by weight.
Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments.
A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.
Geotextiles are permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to separate, filter, reinforce, protect, or drain.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Glauconite is an iron potassium phyllosilicate (mica group) mineral of characteristic green color with very low weathering resistance and very friable.
Gneiss is a common distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.
Grain size (or particle size) is the diameter of individual grains of sediment, or the lithified particles in clastic rocks.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Granularity (also called graininess), the condition of existing in grains or granules, refers to the extent to which a material or system is composed of distinguishable pieces or grains.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
Grus is an accumulation of angular, coarse-grained fragments (particles of sand and gravel) resulting from the granular disintegration by the processes of chemical and mechanical weathering of crystalline rocks (most notably granitoids) generally in an arid or semiarid region.
Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.
Heavy mineral sands are a class of ore deposit which is an important source of zirconium, titanium, thorium, tungsten, rare-earth elements, the industrial minerals diamond, sapphire, garnet, and occasionally precious metals or gemstones.
Hydraulic fracturing (also fracking, fraccing, frac'ing, hydrofracturing or hydrofracking) is a well stimulation technique in which rock is fractured by a pressurized liquid.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Lava is molten rock generated by geothermal energy and expelled through fractures in planetary crust or in an eruption, usually at temperatures from.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4.
A media filter is a type of filter that uses a bed of sand, peat, shredded tires, foam, crushed glass, geo-textile fabric, anthracite, crushed granite or other material to filter water for drinking, swimming pools, aquaculture, irrigation, stormwater management, oil & gas operations, and other applications.
Mesoglea, also known as mesohyl, is the translucent, non-living, jelly-like substance found between the two epithelial cell layers (i.e., between the ectoderm and endoderm) in the bodies of cnidarians and sponges.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Molding sand, also known as foundry sand, is a sand that when moistened and compressed or oiled or heated tends to pack well and hold its shape.
Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns in masonry walls.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock.
Oil sands, also known as tar sands or crude bitumen, or more technically bituminous sands, are a type of unconventional petroleum deposit.
The mineral olivine is a magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg2+, Fe2+)2SiO4.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Paint is any liquid, liquefiable, or mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film.
Particle size is a notion introduced for comparing dimensions of solid particles (flecks), liquid particles (droplets), or gaseous particles (bubbles).
Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
Pore water pressure (sometimes abbreviated to pwp) refers to the pressure of groundwater held within a soil or rock, in gaps between particles (pores).
Psammomys is a genus of rodents in the family Muridae.
Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.
Quicksand is a colloid hydrogel consisting of fine granular material (such as sand, silt or clay), and water.
An engineer (American and Canadian), engine driver, train driver, loco pilot, motorman, train operator (British and Commonwealth English), is a person who operates a train.
A reef aquarium or reef tank is a marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the tropical coral reef environment.
Revolving rivers are a surprising, uncommon way of sand pile growth that can be found in a few sands around the world, but has been studied in detail only for one Cuban sand from a place called Santa Teresa (Pinar del Rio province).
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
A safety data sheet (SDS), material safety data sheet (MSDS), or product safety data sheet (PSDS) is an important component of product stewardship, occupational safety and health, and spill-handling procedures.
Sand animation is the manipulation of sand to create animation.
Sand art is the practice of modelling sand into an artistic form, such as a sand brushing, sand sculpture, sandpainting, or sand bottles.
Sand casting, also known as sand molded casting, is a metal casting process characterized by using sand as the mold material.
A sand island is an island that is largely or completely made of sand.
Sand theft or unauthorised or illegal sand mining leads to a widely unknown global example of natural and non-renewable resource depletion problem comparable in extent to global water scarcity.
A sandbag is a bag or sack made of hessian (burlap), polypropylene or other sturdy materials that is filled with sand or soil and used for such purposes as flood control, military fortification in trenches and bunkers, shielding glass windows in war zones, ballast, counterweight, and in other applications requiring mobile fortification, such as adding improvised additional protection to armoured vehicles or tanks.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Sea anemones are a group of marine, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria.
A seashell or sea shell, also known simply as a shell, is a hard, protective outer layer created by an animal that lives in the sea.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Silt is granular material of a size between sand and clay, whose mineral origin is quartz and feldspar.
Simon Ings is an English novelist and science writer living in London.
Singing sand, also called whistling sand or barking sand, is sand that produces sound.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Soil texture is a classification instrument used both in the field and laboratory to determine soil classes based on their physical texture.
Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent.
In materials science, texture is the distribution of crystallographic orientations of a polycrystalline sample (it is also part of the geological fabric).
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
The Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) is a soil classification system used in engineering and geology to describe the texture and grain size of a soil.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil, and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, water, and biological organisms.
White Sands National Monument is a United States national monument located in the state of New Mexico on the north side of Route 70 about southwest of Alamogordo in western Otero County and northeastern Doña Ana County.
Wuḍūʾ (الوضوء) is the Islamic procedure for washing parts of the body, a type of ritual purification.
Zoanthids (order Zoantharia also called Zoanthidea or Zoanthiniaria) are an order of cnidarians commonly found in coral reefs, the deep sea and many other marine environments around the world.