215 relations: A Young Man Being Introduced to the Seven Liberal Arts, Aby Warburg, Adoration of the Magi (Botticelli, 1475), Aestheticism, Alexis-François Rio, Allegory, Altarpiece, Amerigo Vespucci, Andrea del Verrocchio, Anna Brownell Jameson, Annunciation (Botticelli, Glasgow), Antonio del Pollaiolo, Apelles, Appliqué, Arch of Constantine, Arma Christi, Art Treasures Exhibition, Manchester 1857, Baccio Baldini, Banderole, Bardi family, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Benozzo Gozzoli, Bernard Berenson, Bonfire of the vanities, Book of Tobit, Calumny of Apelles (Botticelli), Camposanto, Carlo Crivelli, Cestello Annunciation, Charles Eastlake, Christie's, Cimabue, Classical mythology, College Art Association, Conch, Confraternity, Coronation of the Virgin, Cosimo de' Medici, Courtauld Gallery, Courtauld Institute of Art, Dante Alighieri, David (Michelangelo), Death by burning, Divine Comedy, Divine Comedy Illustrated by Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Dominican Order, Edgar Wind, Elizabeth (biblical figure), Engraved gem, ..., Engraving, Excommunication, Ferdinando Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Filippino Lippi, Filippo Lippi, Florence, Florence Cathedral, Florentine painting, Fra Angelico, Francesco Botticini, Francesco Gonzaga (1444–1483), Francesco Salviati (bishop), Frank Zöllner, Frederick Hartt, Fresco, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Gerald Reitlinger, Giorgio Vasari, Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici, Giovanni di Paolo Rucellai, Girolamo Savonarola, Giuliano da Sangallo, Giuliano de' Medici, Gold leaf, Golden age (metaphor), Goldsmith, Gospel of Luke, Guild of Saint Luke, Guilds of Florence, Hanging, Harvard Art Museums, Herbert Horne, High Renaissance, History of art, Holy Trinity (Botticelli), Hortus conclusus, House of Medici, Humiliati, Iconography, Isabella d'Este, Italian Renaissance, Italian Renaissance painting, Jacques Mesnil, Jerusalem, Jesus, John Ruskin, John Shearman, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Lamentation of Christ, Lamentation over the Dead Christ (Botticelli, Milan), Lamentation over the Dead Christ (Botticelli, Munich), Leon Battista Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Leopold Ettlinger, Life of Christ in art, List of works by Sandro Botticelli, Lorenzo de' Medici, Lorne Campbell (art historian), Louvre, Lucrezia Tornabuoni, Lunette, Madonna (art), Madonna of the Magnificat, Magnificat, Manchester, Mannerism, Martin Davies (museum director), Mary Magdalene, Mary, mother of Jesus, Marzocco, Masaccio, Medici: Masters of Florence, Michael Levey, Michelangelo, Milan, Monograph, Mosaic, Moses, National Gallery, National Gallery of Art, Nativity of Jesus in art, Neri di Bicci, Ognissanti, Florence, Oxford Art Online, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Rucellai, Palazzo Vecchio, Pallas and the Centaur, Pamphlet, Parchment, Pazzi, Pazzi conspiracy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Physiognomy, Piero del Pollaiolo, Piero di Cosimo de' Medici, Pietro Perugino, Pilaster, Pisa, Platonism in the Renaissance, Pope Sixtus IV, Portrait of a Lady Known as Smeralda Brandini, Portrait of a Young Man (Botticelli, Washington), Portrait of a Young Woman (Botticelli, Frankfurt), Portrait of Giuliano de' Medici (Botticelli, Berlin), Prato, Prato Cathedral, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Predella, Pregnancy in art, Primavera (painting), Printmaking, Punishment of the Sons of Corah, Quattrocento, Renaissance architecture, Renaissance humanism, Republic of Florence, Sacra conversazione, Saint Augustine in His Study (Botticelli, Ognissanti), Saint Jerome in His Study (Ghirlandaio), Saint Peter, Santa Maria Maggiore, Florence, Santa Maria Novella, Satyr, Scenes from the Life of Saint Zenobius, Sebastian de Souza, Self-portrait, Seven virtues, Simonetta Vespucci, Sistine Chapel, Sistine Chapel ceiling, Sodomy, Spalliera, Spoleto, St. Sebastian (Botticelli), Suzanne Fagence Cooper, Swoon of the Virgin, Temptations of Christ (Botticelli), The Birth of Venus, The Daily Telegraph, The Mystical Nativity, The Story of Lucretia (Botticelli), The Story of Virginia (Botticelli), Tondo (art), Trinity, Triptych, Uffizi, Underdrawing, Variety (magazine), Vatican Library, Venice, Venus (mythology), Venus and Mars (Botticelli), Venus and the Three Graces Presenting Gifts to a Young Woman, Vestment, Villa di Castello, Visitation (Christianity), Volterra, Votive offering, Walter Pater, Watercolor painting, William Fuller Maitland, William Young Ottley, Youth of Moses. Expand index (165 more) » « Shrink index
A Young Man Being Introduced to the Seven Liberal Arts, also known as Lorenzo Tornabuoni Presented by Grammar to Prudentia and the other Liberal Arts or Lorenzo Tornabuoni Being Introduced to the Liberal Arts (Giovane Introdotto tra le Arti Liberali), is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, circa 1483-1486.
Abraham Moritz Warburg, known as Aby Warburg (June 13, 1866 – October 26, 1929), was a German art historian and cultural theorist who founded a private Library for Cultural Studies, the Kulturwissenschaftliche Bibliothek Warburg, which was later moved to the Warburg Institute, London.
The Adoration of the Magi is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, dating from 1475 or 1476, early in his career.
Aestheticism (also the Aesthetic Movement) is an intellectual and art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
Alexis-François Rio (20 May 1797 – 17 June 1874) was a French writer on art.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
An altarpiece is an artwork such as a painting, sculpture or relief representing a religious subject made for placing behind the altar of a Christian church.
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer.
Andrea del Verrocchio (1435 – 1488), born Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' Cioni, was an Italian painter, sculptor, and goldsmith who was a master of an important workshop in Florence.
Anna Brownell Jameson (nee Murphy) (17 May 179417 March 1860) was the first English art historian.
The Annunciation is a painting created by Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli.
Antonio del Pollaiuolo (17 January 1429/14334 February 1498), also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiuolo, was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Italian Renaissance.
Apelles of Kos (Ἀπελλῆς; fl. 4th century BC) was a renowned painter of ancient Greece.
Appliqué is ornamental needlework in which pieces of fabric in different shapes and patterns are sewn or stuck onto a larger piece to form a picture or pattern.
The Arch of Constantine (Arco di Costantino) is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.
Arma Christi ("Weapons of Christ"), or the Instruments of the Passion, are the objects associated with Jesus' Passion in Christian symbolism and art.
The Art Treasures of Great Britain was an exhibition of fine art held in Manchester, England, from 5 May to 17 October 1857.
Baccio Baldini (c. 1436 – buried 12 December 1487) was an Italian goldsmith and engraver of the Renaissance, active in his native Florence.
A banderole ("little banner") is a comparatively small but long flag, historically used by knights and on ships, and as a heraldic device for representing bishops.
The Bardi family were an influential Florentine family that started the powerful banking company Compagnia dei Bardi.
The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore ('Basilica of Saint Mary Major', Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris), or church of Santa Maria Maggiore, is a Papal major basilica and the largest Catholic Marian church in Rome, Italy, from which size it receives the appellation "major".
Benozzo Gozzoli (1497) was an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence.
Bernard Berenson (June 26, 1865 – October 6, 1959) was an American art historian specializing in the Renaissance.
A bonfire of the vanities (falò delle vanità) is a burning of objects condemned by authorities as occasions of sin.
The Book of Tobit is a book of scripture that is part of the Catholic and Orthodox biblical canons, pronounced canonical by the Council of Hippo (in 393), Councils of Carthage of 397 and 417, Council of Florence (in 1442) and confirmed for Roman Catholics by the Council of Trent (1546).
The Calumny of Apelles is a tempera panel painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli.
Camposanto (Modenese: Campsànt; Mirandolese: Campsènt) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northwest of Bologna and about northeast of Modena on the Panaro river.
Carlo Crivelli (Venice c. 1430 – Ascoli Piceno 1495) was an Italian Renaissance painter of conservative Late Gothic decorative sensibility, who spent his early years in the Veneto, where he absorbed influences from the Vivarini, Squarcione and Mantegna.
The Cestello Annunciation, is a painting in tempera on panel made in 1489 for the church of the Florentine monastery of Cestello, which is now known as Santa Maria Maddalena de'Pazzi.
Charles Locke Eastlake (11 March 1836 – 20 November 1906) was a British architect and furniture designer.
Christie's is a British auction house.
Cimabue (1240 – 1302),Vasari, G. Lives of the Artists.
Classical Greco-Roman mythology, Greek and Roman mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is both the body of and the study of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans as they are used or transformed by cultural reception.
The College Art Association of America (usually referred to as simply CAA) is the principal professional association in the United States for practitioners and scholars of art, art history, and art criticism.
Conch is a common name that is applied to a number of different medium to large-sized shells.
A confraternity (Spanish: Cofradía) is generally a Christian voluntary association of lay people created for the purpose of promoting special works of Christian charity or piety, and approved by the Church hierarchy.
The Coronation of the Virgin or Coronation of Mary is a subject in Christian art, especially popular in Italy in the 13th to 15th centuries, but continuing in popularity until the 18th century and beyond.
Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici (called 'the Elder' (Italian il Vecchio) and posthumously Father of the Fatherland (Latin pater patriae); 27 September 1389 – 1 August 1464) was an Italian banker and politician, the first member of the Medici political dynasty that served as de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.
The Courtauld Gallery is an art museum in Somerset House, on the Strand in central London.
The Courtauld Institute of Art, commonly referred to as The Courtauld, is a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art and conservation.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created in marble between 1501 and 1504 by the Italian artist Michelangelo.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.
The Divine Comedy Illustrated by Botticelli is a manuscript of the Divine Comedy by Dante, illustrated by 92 full-page pictures by Sandro Botticelli that are considered masterpieces and amongst the best works of the Renaissance painter.
Domenico Ghirlandaio (2 June 1448 – 11 January 1494) was an Italian Renaissance painter born in Florence.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
Edgar Wind (14 May 1900 – 12 September 1971) was a German-born British interdisciplinary art historian, specializing in iconology in the Renaissance era.
Elizabeth, also spelled Elisabeth (Greek Ἐλισάβετ) or Elisheba (from the Hebrew אֱלִישֶׁבַע / אֱלִישָׁבַע "My God has sworn"; Standard Hebrew Elišévaʿ Elišávaʿ, Tiberian Hebrew ʾĔlîšéḇaʿ ʾĔlîšāḇaʿ; Arabic أليصابات, Alyassabat), was the mother of John the Baptist and the wife of Zechariah, according to the Gospel of Luke.
An engraved gem, frequently referred to as an intaglio, is a small and usually semi-precious gemstone that has been carved, in the Western tradition normally with images or inscriptions only on one face.
Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.
Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the sacraments.
Ferdinand I Gonzaga (April 26, 1587 – October 29, 1626) was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
Filippino Lippi (April 1457 – April 1504) was an Italian painter working during the High Renaissance in Florence, Italy.
Fra' Filippo Lippi, O.Carm. (c. 1406 – 8 October 1469), also called Lippo Lippi, was an Italian painter of the Quattrocento (15th century).
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the cathedral of Florence, Italy, or Il Duomo di Firenze, in Italian.
Florentine painting or the Florentine School refers to artists in, from, or influenced by the naturalistic style developed in Florence in the 14th century, largely through the efforts of Giotto di Bondone, and in the 15th century the leading school of Western painting.
Fra Angelico (born Guido di Pietro; February 18, 1455) was an Early Italian Renaissance painter described by Vasari in his Lives of the Artists as having "a rare and perfect talent".
Francesco di Giovanni Botticini (1446 – 16 January 1498), commonly referred to as Francesco Botticini, was an Italian Early Renaissance painter.
Francesco Gonzaga (15 March 1444, Mantua, Italy – 21 October 1483, Bologna, Italy) was an Italian bishop and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church during the reigns of Popes Pius II, Paul II and Sixtus IV.
Francesco Salviati Riario was the archbishop of Pisa in 1474 and one of the organizer of Pazzi Conspiracy.
Frank Zöllner (born 26 June 1956 in Bremen) is a German art historian and professor.
Frederick Hartt (1914–1991) was an Italian Renaissance scholar, author and professor of art history.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
The Gemäldegalerie (Picture Gallery) is an art museum in Berlin, Germany, and the museum where the main selection of paintings belonging to the Berlin State Museums (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin) is displayed.
Gerald Roberts Reitlinger (born 1900 in London, United Kingdom – died 1978 in St Leonards-on-Sea, United Kingdom) was an art historian, especially of Asian ceramics, and a scholar of historical changes in taste in art and their reflection in art prices.
Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici (3 June 1421 – 23 September 1463) was an Italian banker and patron of arts.
Giovanni di Paolo Rucellai (1403–1481) was a member of a wealthy family of wool merchants in Renaissance Florence, in Tuscany, Italy.
Girolamo Savonarola (21 September 1452 – 23 May 1498) was an Italian Dominican friar and preacher active in Renaissance Florence.
Giuliano da Sangallo (c. 1445 – 1516) was an Italian sculptor, architect and military engineer active during the Italian Renaissance.
Giuliano de' Medici (25 March 1453 – 26 April 1478) was the second son of Piero de' Medici (the Gouty) and Lucrezia Tornabuoni.
Gold leaf is gold that has been hammered into thin sheets by goldbeating and is often used for gilding.
A golden age is a period in a field of endeavor when great tasks were accomplished.
A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals.
The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan evangelion), also called the Gospel of Luke, or simply Luke, is the third of the four canonical Gospels.
The Guild of Saint Luke was the most common name for a city guild for painters and other artists in early modern Europe, especially in the Low Countries.
The guilds of Florence were secular corporations that controlled the arts and trades in Florence from the twelfth into the sixteenth century.
Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.
The Harvard Art Museums are part of Harvard University and comprise three museums: the Fogg Museum (established in 1895), the Busch-Reisinger Museum (established in 1903), and the Arthur M. Sackler Museum (established in 1985) and four research centers: the Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (founded in 1958), the Center for the Technical Study of Modern Art (founded in 2002), the Harvard Art Museums Archives, and the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies (founded in 1928).
Herbert Percy Horne (born 1864 in London – died 1916 in Florence, Italy) was an English poet, architect, typographer and designer, art historian and antiquarian.
In art history, the High Renaissance is the period denoting the apogee of the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance.
The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes.
The Holy Trinity or Pala delle Convertite is an altarpiece by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, dating to c. 1491–1493.
Hortus conclusus is a Latin term, meaning literally "enclosed garden".
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
The Humiliati (Italian Umiliati) were an Italian religious order of men formed probably in the 12th century.
Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.
Isabella d'Este (19 May 1474 – 13 February 1539) was Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure.
The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.
Italian Renaissance painting is the painting of the period beginning in the late 13th century and flourishing from the early 15th to late 16th centuries, occurring in the Italian peninsula, which was at that time divided into many political areas.
Jean-Jacques Dwelshauvers, who went by the name of Jacques Mesnil (9 July 1872, Brussels - 14 November 1940, Montmaur-en-Diois) was a journalist, art critic, art historian and anarchist.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
John Kinder Gowran Shearman (pronounced "Sherman"; 24 June 1931 – 11 August 2003) was an English art historian who also taught in America.
John the Baptist (יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής, Iōánnēs ho baptistḗs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων, Iōánnēs ho baptízōn,Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub p. 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲇⲣⲟⲙⲟⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ ⲡⲓⲣϥϯⲱⲙⲥ, يوحنا المعمدان) was a Jewish itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed.
John the Evangelist (Εὐαγγελιστής Ἰωάννης, ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ) is the name traditionally given to the author of the Gospel of John.
The Lamentation of Christ is a very common subject in Christian art from the High Middle Ages to the Baroque.
The Lamentation over the Dead Christ with Saints is a painting of the Lamentation of Christ by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, dated between 1490-1495.
The Lamentation over the Dead Christ, is a painting of the common subject of the Lamentation of Christ by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, finished around 1490-1492.
Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Leopold David Ettlinger (April 20, 1913 – July 4, 1989) was a Warburg Institute historian of the Italian renaissance and UC Berkeley Art Department Chair, from 1970 to 1980.
The Life of Christ as a narrative cycle in Christian art comprises a number of different subjects narrating the events from the life of Jesus on earth.
The following is a list of works by the Italian painter Sandro Botticelli.
Lorenzo de' Medici (1 January 1449 – 8 April 1492) was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy.
Ian Lorne Campbell (born 1946) is a Scottish art historian and curator born.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Lucrezia Tornabuoni (22 June 1427 – 25 March 1482) was a writer and influential political adviser.
In architecture, a lunette (French lunette, "little moon") is a half-moon shaped space, either filled with recessed masonry or void.
A Madonna is a representation of Mary, either alone or with her child Jesus.
The Madonna of the Magnificat, Madonna del Magnificat, is a painting of circular or tondo form by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli.
The Magnificat (Latin for " magnifies ") is a canticle, also known as the Song of Mary, the Canticle of Mary and, in the Byzantine tradition, the Ode of the Theotokos.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Mannerism, also known as Late Renaissance, is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520 and lasted until about the end of the 16th century in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it.
Sir Martin Davies, CBE FBA FSA (22 March 1908 – 7 March 1975) was a British museum director and civil servant.
Saint Mary Magdalene, sometimes called simply the Magdalene, was a Jewish woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, traveled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
The Marzocco is the heraldic lion that is a symbol of Florence, and was apparently the first piece of public secular sculpture commissioned by the Republic of Florence, in the late 14th century.
Masaccio (December 21, 1401 – summer 1428), born Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone, was a Florentine artist who is regarded as the first great Italian painter of the Quattrocento period of the Italian Renaissance.
Medici: Masters of Florence is an Italian-British television drama series about the Medici dynasty set in 15th-century Florence, starring Dustin Hoffman as Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, Richard Madden as Cosimo de' Medici, and Stuart Martin as Lorenzo de' Medici (The Elder).
Sir Michael Vincent Levey, LVO (8 June 1927 – 28 December 2008) was an English art historian and was the director of the National Gallery from 1973 to 1986.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
A monograph is a specialist work of writing (in contrast to reference works) on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, often by a single author, and usually on a scholarly subject.
A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The Nativity of Jesus has been a major subject of Christian art since the 4th century.
Neri di Bicci (1419–1491) was an Italian painter active mainly in Florence.
The chiesa di San Salvatore di Ognissanti or more simply chiesa di Ognissanti ("Church of All Saints"), is a Franciscan church located on the piazza of the same name in central Florence, region of Tuscany, Italy.
Oxford Art Online (formerly known as Grove Art Online, previous to that The Dictionary of Art and often referred to as The Grove Dictionary of Art) is a large encyclopedia of art, now part of the online reference publications of Oxford University Press, and previously a 34-volume printed encyclopedia first published by Grove in 1996 and reprinted with minor corrections in 1998.
The Palazzo Pitti, in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy.
Palazzo Rucellai is a palatial fifteenth-century townhouse on the Via della Vigna Nuova in Florence, Italy.
The Palazzo Vecchio ("Old Palace") is the town hall of Florence, Italy.
Pallas and the Centaur is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. 1482.
A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding).
Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
The Pazzi were a noble Florentine family in the Middle Ages.
The Pazzi conspiracy (italic) was a plot by members of the Pazzi family and others to displace the de' Medici family as rulers of Renaissance Florence.
The Philadelphia Museum of Art is an art museum originally chartered in 1876 for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
Physiognomy (from the Greek φύσις physis meaning "nature" and gnomon meaning "judge" or "interpreter") is the assessment of character or personality from a person's outer appearance, especially the face often linked to racial and sexual stereotyping.
Piero del Pollaiuolo (c. 1443 – 1496), also known as Piero Benci, was an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence.
Piero di Cosimo de' Medici (the Gouty), (Italian: Piero "il Gottoso") (1416 – 2 December 1469) was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance.
Pietro Perugino (c. 1446/1452 – 1523), born Pietro Vannucci, was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Umbrian school, who developed some of the qualities that found classic expression in the High Renaissance.
The pilaster is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function.
Pisa is a city in the Tuscany region of Central Italy straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea.
Platonism, especially in its Neoplatonist form, underwent a revival in the Renaissance, as part of a general revival of interest in Classical antiquity.
Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.
The Portrait of Smeralda Brandini is a tempera on panel painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli of about 1475, in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London (museum no. CAI.100).
Portrait of a Young Man or Portrait of a Youth, a portrait attributed to Sandro Botticelli (1446-1510), is an example of Italian Renaissance painting.
Portrait of a Young Woman is a painting which is commonly believed to be by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, executed between 1480 and 1485.
The Portrait of Giuliano de' Medici is a painting of Giuliano de' Medici (1453-1478) by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, probably painted soon before Giuliano was assassinated in the Pazzi Conspiracy in 1478.
Prato is a city and comune in Tuscany, Italy, the capital of the Province of Prato.
Prato Cathedral (Duomo di Prato; Cattedrale di San Stefano) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Prato, Tuscany, Central Italy, from 1954 the seat of the Bishop of Prato, having been previously, from 1653, a cathedral in the Diocese of Pistoia and Prato.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
A predella is the platform or step on which an altar stands (*predel or *pretel, Langobardic for "a low wooden platform that serves as a basis in a piece of furniture").
Pregnancy in art covers any artistic work that portrays pregnancy in women.
Primavera (meaning "Spring"), is a large panel painting in tempera paint by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli made in the late 1470s or early 1480s (datings vary).
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Punishment of the Sons of Corah or Punishment of the Rebels is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, executed in 1480–1482 in the Sistine Chapel, Rome.
The cultural and artistic events of Italy during the period 1400 to 1499 are collectively referred to as the Quattrocento from the Italian for the number 400, in turn from millequattrocento, which is Italian for the year 1400.
Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
The Republic of Florence, also known as the Florentine Republic (Repubblica Fiorentina), was a medieval and early modern state that was centered on the Italian city of Florence in Tuscany.
In art, a sacra conversazione, (plural: sacre conversazioni) meaning holy/sacred conversation, but normally left in Italian, is a genre developed in Italian Renaissance painting, with a depiction of the Virgin and Child (the Virgin Mary with the infant Jesus) amidst a group of saints in a relatively informal grouping, as opposed to the more rigid and hierarchical compositions of earlier periods.
Saint Augustine in His Study is a painting of Augustine of Hippo executed in 1480 by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli.
Saint Jerome in His Study is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Domenico Ghirlandaio, executed in 1480 and located in the church of Ognissanti, Florence.
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
Santa Maria Maggiore di Firenze is a Romanesque and Gothic-style, Roman Catholic church in Florence, region of Tuscany, Italy.
Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy, situated just across from the main railway station named after it.
In Greek mythology, a satyr (σάτυρος satyros) is the member of a troop of ithyphallic male companions of Dionysus; they usually have horse-like ears and tails, as well as permanent, exaggerated erections.
Scenes from the Life of Saint Zenobius is a series of paintings by the Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli.
Sebastian Denis de Souza (born 19 April 1993)Births, Marriages & Deaths Index of England and Wales, 1916–2005 B100D is an English actor, screenwriter, and producer.
A self-portrait is a representation of an artist that is drawn, painted, photographed, or sculpted by that artist.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines virtue as "a habitual and firm disposition to do the good." Traditionally, the seven Christian virtues or heavenly virtues combine the four classical cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, temperance and courage (or fortitude) with the three theological virtues of faith, hope and charity.
Simonetta Vespucci (née Cattaneo; 1453 – 26 April 1476Nicolò Mineo, s.v. CATTANEO, Simonetta in Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 22 (1979)), nicknamed la bella Simonetta, was an Italian noblewoman from Genoa, the wife of Marco Vespucci of Florence and the cousin-in-law of Amerigo Vespucci.
The Sistine Chapel (Sacellum Sixtinum; Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in Vatican City.
The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art.
Sodomy is generally anal or oral sex between people or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal (bestiality), but it may also mean any non-procreative sexual activity.
A spalliera (Plural: spalliere) is a decorated backboard mounted on a wall, often behind a cassone (a wooden chest used for storage), or as a headboard to a bed.
Spoleto (Latin Spoletium) is an ancient city in the Italian province of Perugia in east-central Umbria on a foothill of the Apennines.
Suzanne Fagence Cooper is a British non-fiction writer who has written extensively on the Pre-Raphaelites and Victorian women.
The Swoon of the Virgin, in Italian Lo Spasimo della Vergine, or Fainting Virgin Mary was an idea developed in the late Middle Ages, that the Virgin Mary had fainted during the Passion of Christ, most often placed while she watched the Crucifixion of Jesus.
The Temptations of Christ is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, executed in 1480–1482 and located in the Sistine Chapel, Rome.
The Birth of Venus (Nascita di Venere) is a painting by the Italian artist Sandro Botticelli probably made in the mid 1480s.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Mystical Nativity is a painting of circa 1500–1501 by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, in the National Gallery in London.
The Tragedy of Lucretia is a tempera and oil painting on a wood cassone or spalliera panel by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli, painted between 1496 and 1504.
The Story of Virginia (Italian, Storie di Virginia), is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli.
A tondo (plural "tondi" or "tondos") is a Renaissance term for a circular work of art, either a painting or a sculpture.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
A triptych (from the Greek adjective τρίπτυχον "triptukhon" ("three-fold"), from tri, i.e., "three" and ptysso, i.e., "to fold" or ptyx, i.e., "fold") is a work of art (usually a panel painting) that is divided into three sections, or three carved panels that are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open.
The Uffizi Gallery (italic) is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence in the region of Tuscany, Italy.
Underdrawing is a preparatory drawing done on a painting ground before paint is applied, for example, an imprimatura or an underpainting.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
The Vatican Apostolic Library (Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly called the Vatican Library or simply the Vat, is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Venus (Classical Latin) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory.
Venus and Mars (or Mars and Venus) is a panel painting of about 1485 by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli.
Venus and the Three Graces Presenting Gifts to a Young Woman, also known as Giovanna degli Albizzi Receiving a Gift of Flowers from Venus (Venere e le tre Grazie offrono doni a una giovane), is a fresco painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli of circa 1483-1486.
Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religion, especially among the Eastern Orthodox, Catholics (Latin Church and others), Anglicans, and Lutherans.
The Villa di Castello, near the hills bordering Florence, Tuscany, central Italy, was the country residence of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519-1574).
The Visitation is the visit of Mary to Elizabeth as recorded in the Gospel of Luke,.
Volterra is a walled mountaintop town in the Tuscany region of Italy of which its history dates to before the 7th century BC and has substantial structures from the Etruscan, Roman, and Medieval periods.
A votive deposit or votive offering is one or more objects displayed or deposited, without the intention of recovery or use, in a sacred place for broadly religious purposes.
Walter Horatio Pater (4 August 1839 – 30 July 1894) was an English essayist, literary and art critic, and fiction writer, regarded as one of the great stylists.
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
William Fuller Maitland (1813–1876) was an English picture collector.
William Young Ottley (6 August 1771 – 26 May 1836) was an English collector of and writer on art, amateur artist, and Keeper of the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum.
The Youth of Moses or The Trials of Moses is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli and his workshop, executed in 1481–1482 in the Sistine Chapel, Rome.
Alessandro Botticelli, Alessandro Di Mariano, Alessandro Di Mariano Del Filipepi, Alessandro Di Mariano Filipepi, Alessandro Filipepi, Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, Allessandro Botticelli, Boticelli, Botticelli, Bottichelli, Filipepi, Il Botticello, Sandro Filipepi.