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The A1 motorway (Bosnian: Autoput A1) is a motorway in Bosnia and Herzegovina that is part of the Corridor Vc and, together with two Croatian motorways (A10 and A5) and the Hungarian M6, will provide a modern and fast road connection from Budapest to Ploče, an important seaport on the Adriatic Sea. The motorway will connect the capital Sarajevo with other large cities (such as Mostar and Zenica). It will also be the main link to Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Adriatic Sea and Central Europe. By 2013, the completed section stretches from Sarajevo to Kakanj, while the sections Kakanj-Zenica, Josanica-Tarcin, Bijaca-Pocitelj and Svilaj-Odzak are currently under construction. By April 2013 53 km is completed while 64 km is under construction. On 20 June 2013, the 5 km section between Bijača and Kravice was opened. A new border crossing with Croatia opened on June 28. The most complicated section of the road to build will be the Sarajevo-Mostar stretch. It will need viaducts and tunnels to cross the Dinaric Alps. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the E73/A1 passes near the following cities.
The ABA League, commonly known as the Adriatic League, is a regional men's professional basketball league that originally featured clubs from the former Yugoslavia (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
Abdulah Sidran (born 9 September 1944), often referred to by his hypocoristic nickname Avdo, is a Bosnian writer and poet who is known for his screenplays.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Akhisar (pronounced: ah-kee-sahr, or more formally, ahk-hee-sahr, اقحصار) is a county district and its town center in Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Western Turkey.
Al Jazeera Balkans (AJB) is an international news television station headquartered in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina aimed at the media markets of the countries that used to be constituent units of SFR Yugoslavia.
Aleksandar Hemon (born September 9, 1964) is a Bosnian fiction writer, essayist, and critic.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Alija Izetbegović (8 August 1925 – 19 October 2003) was a Bosnian politician, activist, lawyer, author, and philosopher who in 1992 became the first President of the newly-independent Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The American University in Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbr. AUBiH) is a private university located in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
The anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo consisted of large-scale anti-Serb violence in Sarajevo on 28 and 29 June 1914 following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
The architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely influenced by four major periods where political and social changes determined the creation of distinct cultural and architectural habits of the region.
The Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (OSBiH; Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine/Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH, Armija Republike Bosne i Hercegovine), often referred to as Bosnian Army, was the military force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina established by the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 following the outbreak of the Bosnian War.
Ars Aevi is a museum of contemporary art in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
Asim Ferhatović Hase Stadium, also known as City Stadium Koševo, Olympic Stadium Koševo and Asim Ferhatović - Hase Gradski stadion Koševo / Olimpijski stadion Koševo / Asim Ferhatović - Hase) is a multi-purpose stadium located in the Koševo neighborhood of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Koševo Stadium (Кошево) or Olympic Stadium is owned by the city, and leased on longterm basis by FK Sarajevo. The club proposed the new name for its sporting and football events, in honor to its former footballer and club's legend, Asim Ferhatović - Hase. It hosted the opening ceremony of the 1984 Winter Olympics. Currently, it is home to football club FK Sarajevo and the Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Bosnia and Herzegovina fell under Austro-Hungarian rule in 1878 when the Congress of Berlin approved the occupation of the Bosnia Vilayet, which officially remained part of the Ottoman Empire.
The Avaz Twist Tower is a 176 m tall skyscraper in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Želimir "Željko" Bebek (born 16 December 1945) is a Bosnian Croat singer, popular throughout former Yugoslav republics.
Baščaršija (Cyrillic script: Башчаршија) is Sarajevo's old bazaar and the historical and cultural center of the city.
Baščaršija Nights (also known as Nights of Baščaršija; Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Baščaršijske noći / Башчаршијске ноћи) is the biggest culture festival in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
A rock band or pop band is a small musical ensemble which performs rock music, pop music or a related genre.
Banja Luka (Бања Лука) or Banjaluka (Бањалука), is the second largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska entity.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Basketball Championship of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the top tier basketball competition in Bosnia and Herzegovina for men and women, respectively.
BBI Centar (BBI Real Estate) is a shopping mall in the center of Sarajevo.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
BH Telecom is a leading telecommunication company in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The BH Telecom Indoors is a professional tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts.
The White Fortress (Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian: Bijela Tabija / Бијела Табија) is an old fort overlooking the historic core of Sarajevo.
Bijelo Dugme (trans. White Button) was a Yugoslav rock band, based in Sarajevo.
Bjelašnica is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
Bombaj štampa (Bosnian language for: "Bombay Press") is Bosnian pop-rock group from Sarajevo dating from 1982, which, together with Zabranjeno Pušenje and Elvis J. Kurtovich & His Meteors, participated in creating a new movement known as New Primitivism in Ex-Yugoslavia.
The Bosmal City Center (BCC) (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Bosmalov gradski centar / Босмалов градски центар) is a business and residential tower located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The river Bosna (Cyrillic: Босна) is the third longest river in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is considered one of the country's three major internal rivers, along with the Neretva and the Vrbas; the other three major rivers of Bosnia and Herzegovina are the Una, to the northwest, the Sava, to the north, and the Drina, to the east.
Bosnalijek is the largest pharmaceutical company in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia (Bosna/Босна) is the northern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, encompassing roughly 81% of the country; the other eponymous region, the southern part, is Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: konvertibilna marka, Cyrillic: конвертибилна марка) is the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina Hockey League (BHL) is the top league for ice hockey in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Ice Hockey Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HSBiH) (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Hokejaški savez Bosne i Hercegovine; Хокејашки савез Босне и Херцеговине) is the governing body of ice hockey in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Waterpolo League is a national water polo league played in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Eyalet of Bosnia (Eyalet-i Bosna, By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters Bosanski pašaluk) or Bosnia Beylerbeylik (Bosna Beylerbeyliği, Bosanski beglerbegluk) was an eyalet (also known as a beylerbeylik) of the Ottoman Empire, mostly based on the territory of the present-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Bosniak Institute (Bošnjački institut) is a cultural center in Sarajevo focusing on Bosniak culture.
The Bosniaks (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Bosnian crisis of 1908–09, also known as the Annexation crisis or the First Balkan Crisis, erupted when on 8 October 1908, Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, territories formally within the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire.
The Bosnian language (bosanski / босански) is the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian mainly used by Bosniaks.
The Bosnian uprising (also known as Great Bosnian Uprising) was a revolt of Bosniak ayans (landlords) against the Ottoman Empire.
The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995.
The breakup of Yugoslavia occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s.
Breza is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region.
Butmir is a neighborhood in Ilidža municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Butmir Culture was a major Neolithic culture which existed in Butmir, near Sarajevo, in the vicinity of Ilidža in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (kanton, županije; Serbian: Кантон), are the member states of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
The Cathedral Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos (Саборна црква Рођења Пресвете Богородице / Saborna crkva Rođenja Presvete Bogorodice) is the largest Serbian Orthodox church in Sarajevo and one of the largest in the Balkans.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
Centar (Центар; "Center") is a municipality of the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Centralna banka Bosne i Hercegovine / Централна банка Босне и Херцеговине) is the central bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the capital city, Sarajevo.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
A Christmas carol (also called a noël, from the French word meaning "Christmas") is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, and which is traditionally sung on Christmas itself or during the surrounding holiday season.
Christmas Eve and Other Stories is the debut studio album by the American rock band Trans-Siberian Orchestra.
"Christmas Eve/Sarajevo 12/24" is an instrumental medley of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen" and "Shchedryk", first released on the Savatage album Dead Winter Dead in 1995 as "Christmas Eve (Sarajevo 12/24)." It was re-released by the Trans-Siberian Orchestra, a side project of several Savatage members, on their 1996 debut album Christmas Eve and Other Stories.
Cisleithania (Cisleithanien, also Zisleithanien, Ciszlajtánia, Předlitavsko, Predlitavsko, Przedlitawia, Cislajtanija, Цислајтанија, Cislajtanija, Cisleithania, Цислейтанія, transliterated: Tsysleitàniia, Cisleitania) was a common yet unofficial denotation of the northern and western part of Austria-Hungary, the Dual Monarchy created in the Compromise of 1867—as distinguished from Transleithania, i.e. the Hungarian Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen east of ("beyond") the Leitha River.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
City Lights is an independent bookstore-publisher combination in San Francisco, California, that specializes in world literature, the arts, and progressive politics.
'Cloud cover' (also known as 'cloudiness', 'cloudage', or 'cloud amount') refers to the fraction of the sky obscured by clouds when observed from a particular location.
Collegno is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin.
Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city (its "metropolis"), not from a territory-at-large.
The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and in the last edition, sold by the Gale Group.
During World War II, there existed numerous Concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia.
In international law, a condominium (plural either condominia, as in Latin, or condominiums) is a political territory (state or border area) in or over which multiple sovereign powers formally agree to share equal dominium (in the sense of sovereignty) and exercise their rights jointly, without dividing it into "national" zones.
The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian/Croatian: Vijeće ministara Bosne i Hercegovina, Савјет министара Босне и Херцеговине), often called Bosnian Government (Vlada Bosne i Hercegovine) is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
The Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina, often referred to as the Bosnian Croats, are the third most populous ethnic group in that country after Bosniaks and Serbs, and are one of the constitutive nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Crvena jabuka ("Red apple") is a Bosnian rock/pop band that originated in 1985, and since then has remained very popular.
Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and preserved for the benefit of future generations.
A cultural institution or cultural organization is an organization within a culture/subculture that works for the preservation or promotion of culture.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.
Danis Tanović (born 20 February 1969) is a Bosnian film director and screenwriter.
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton–Paris Agreement, (Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Daytonski sporazum) is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris, France, on 14 December 1995.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Dead Winter Dead is the ninth studio album by the American heavy metal band Savatage, released in 1995.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
The Dinaric Alps, also commonly Dinarides, are a mountain range in Southern and Southeastern Europe, separating the continental Balkan Peninsula from the Adriatic Sea.
Edin Dervišhalidović (born 12 September 1962), known by his stage name Dino Merlin, is a Bosnian singer-songwriter, musician, producer and philantropist.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
Divlje jagode (trans. "Wild strawberries") are an ex-Yugoslav and Bosnian heavy metal band formed in 1977.
Dnevni Avaz (English: Daily Voice) is a daily newspaper in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Dobrinja is a neighbourhood of Sarajevo, in the western outskirts of the town, part of the municipality of Novi Grad.
The Drina Banovina or Drina Banate (Serbian and Bosnian: Дринска бановина/Drinska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941.
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
East West Theatre Company (Bosnian: East West Centar) was established in 2005 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
This page discusses the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina since Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 and the declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992.
The Emperor's Mosque (Bosnian: Careva Džamija, Turkish: Hünkâr Camii) is an important landmark in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, being the first mosque to be built (1457) after the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia.
Energopetrol is a Bosnian oil company based in Sarajevo.
The Eternal flame (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Vječna vatra / Вјечна ватра) is a memorial to the military and civilian victims of the Second World War in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Euroleague Basketball is the private company that runs and operates the top two continental-wide men's professional club basketball competitions in Europe, the first-tier EuroLeague, and the second-tier EuroCup.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
The European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF) is a biennial multi-sport event for youth athletes from the 50 member countries of the association of European Olympic Committees.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The expulsion of the Jews from Spain was ordered in 1492 by the Catholic Monarchs ruling Castile and Aragon through the Edict of Granada with the purpose, according to the decree, of preventing them from influencing "New Christians", Jews and their descendants who had under duress converted to Christianity.
Falun is a city and the seat of Falun Municipality in Dalarna County, Sweden, with 37,291 inhabitants in 2010.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated FB&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH) / Федерација Боснa и Херцеговина (ФБиХ), Croatian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH)) is one of the two political entities that compose Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Republika Srpska.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
Firuz Bey (1495–1515) was a 15th and 16th-century Ottoman military officer, Sanjak-bey of the Sanjak of Scutari and Sanjak of Bosnia.
Fudbalski klub Željezničar (English: Football Club Željezničar) is a professional football club, based in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Fudbalski Klub Olimpik Sarajevo (Football Club Olimpik Sarajevo), commonly referred to as just Olimpik, is a professional football club from Sarajevo, based in the part of town which is called Otoka.
Fudbalski klub Sarajevo (Sarajevo Football Club) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is one of the most successful clubs in the country.
Flint is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, categorized as a variety of chert.
Foča (Фоча) is a town and a municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
As an historic city, Sarajevo has numerous myths and folklore.
The Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Nogometni/Fudbalski Savez Bosne i Hercegovine (N/FSBiH); Ногометни/Фудбалски Савез Босне и Херцеговине (Н/ФСБиХ), (FSBiH); unified abbreviation N/FSBiH), based in Sarajevo, is the chief officiating body of football in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.
Friedrichshafen is an industrial city on the northern shoreline of Lake Constance (the Bodensee) in Southern Germany, near the borders of both Switzerland and Austria.
Gavrilo Princip (Гаврило Принцип,; 28 April 1918) was a Bosnian Serb member of Young Bosnia, a Yugoslavist organization seeking an end to Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Gazi Husrev-beg (غازى خسرو بك, Gāzī Ḫusrev Beğ; Modern Turkish: Gazi Hüsrev Bey; 1480–1541) was a Bosniak Ottoman sanjak-bey (governor) of the Sanjak of Bosnia in 1521—1525, 1526—1534, and 1536—1541.
The Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque (Gazi Husrev-begova Džamija, Gazi Hüsrev Bey Camii), is a mosque in the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Goat's Bridge (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Kozija ćuprija / Козја ћуприја) is a large stone bridge that crosses the Miljacka river to the east of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Goražde (Горажде) is a city and the administrative center of Bosnian-Podrinje Canton Goražde of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Turkish War (Der Große Türkenkrieg) or the War of the Holy League (Kutsal İttifak Savaşları) was a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League consisting of the Habsburg Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Venice and Russia.
The Greece–Bosnia and Herzegovina Friendship Building (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian,: Zgrada prijateljstva između Grčke i Bosne i Hercegovine, Serbian Cyrillic: Зграда пријатељства између Грчке и Босне и Херцеговине, Greek: Κτήριο Φιλίας Ελλάδας Βοσνίας-Ερζεγοβίνης) is an office building located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
Hadžići (Хаџићи) is a town and a municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Vekil-Harrach or Hadžijska mosque (Vekil-Harač ili Hadžijska džamija) is a mosque in the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Haggadah (הַגָּדָה, "telling"; plural: Haggadot) is a Jewish text that sets forth the order of the Passover Seder.
Halid Bešlić (born 20 November 1953) is a Bosnian folk musician and singer who has been performing professionally since 1979.
The Handball Championship of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the top handball league in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Hanka Paldum (born 28 April 1956) is a Bosnian folk and sevdalinka vocalist and founder of the record label Sarajevo Disk.
Hari Mata Hari is a popular music band from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Hautes-Alpes (Auts Aups) is a department in southeastern France named after the Alps mountain range.
Hayat TV is a television station from Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, were created in 1995 immediately after the signing of the Dayton Agreement which ended the 1992–95 Bosnian War.
Himzo Polovina (11 March 1927 – 5 August 1986) was a Bosnian singer and songwriter, and one of the most famous and widely revered sevdalinka artists in the region.
The Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Istorijski muzej Bosne i Hercegovine / Историјски музеј Босне и Херцеговине) is a history museum in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This article is about the history of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
HK Bosna is an ice hockey club from Sarajevo, Bosnia.
Hodidjed is a castle near Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Hotel Europe (originally known as Hotel Evropa) is a historic hotel in central Sarajevo.
Hrvatska riječ (lit. The Croatian Word) is a Croatian language weekly newspaper in Serbia.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.
Husein Gradaščević (31 August 1802–17 August 1834) was an Ottoman Bosnian and later independent Bosniak military commander who later led a rebellion against the Ottoman government, seeking autonomy for Bosnia.
Igman is a mountain plateau in central Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Il Kal Grande, also spelled Il Kal Grandi (Judaeo-Spanish: The Great Synagogue) was the place of worship of the Sephardi community in Sarajevo, Bosnia.
Ilidža (Илиџа) is a municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ilijaš is a town and municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.
The Illyrians (Ἰλλυριοί, Illyrioi; Illyrii or Illyri) were a group of Indo-European tribes in antiquity, who inhabited part of the western Balkans.
The Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Stato Indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II fascist puppet state of Germany and Italy.
Indexi was a Bosnian and former Yugoslav rock band popular in Yugoslavia.
Industrial music is a fusion genre of electronic and experimental music which draws on harsh, transgressive or provocative sounds and themes.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
International Burch University was established in 2008 in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the goal of presenting a unique opportunity to rethink the very idea of a modern university and formulate a blueprint for the future.
An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.
The International University of Sarajevo (IUS) is a private university located in the capital city Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Isa-Beg Ishaković (İshakoğlu İsa Bey, Иса-Бег Исхаковић; 1439–70) was an Ottoman general and the governor of the Sanjak of Bosnia for most of his career.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Istočno Novo Sarajevo (Источно Ново Сарајево) or East New Sarajevo, is a municipality of the city of Istočno Sarajevo located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Istočno Sarajevo (Источно Сарајево) or East Sarajevo, is a city located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ivo Andrić (Иво Андрић,; born Ivan Andrić; 9 October 1892 – 13 March 1975) was a Yugoslav novelist, poet and short story writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1961.
Jahorina (Cyrillic: Јахорина) is a mountain in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located near Pale in the Dinaric Alps.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Judaeo-Spanish or Judeo-Spanish (judeo-español, Hebrew script: גֿודֿיאו-איספאנייול, Cyrillic: Ђудео-Еспањол), commonly referred to as Ladino, is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Jure Franko (born 28 March 1962 in Nova Gorica) is a Slovenian-Yugoslav former alpine skier, best known for winning a giant slalom silver medal at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.
Karel Pařík (4 July 1857 – 16 June 1942) was a Czech-born architect of Austro-Hungarian citizenship who spent most of his life in Sarajevo where he designed over seventy major buildings.
Karlovac (is a city and municipality in central Croatia. According to the National census held in 2011 population of the settlement of Karlovac was 55,705. Karlovac is the administrative centre of Karlovac County. The city is located on the Zagreb-Rijeka highway and railway line, south-west of Zagreb and from Rijeka.
Kemal Monteno (17 September 1948 – 21 January 2015) was a Bosnian singer-songwriter whose career stretched from the 1960s to the 2010s.
Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.
The Kingdom of Bosnia (Bosansko Kraljevstvo) was a South Slavic medieval Kingdom that evolved from the Banate of Bosnia (1154–1377).
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
Kiseljak is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
KK Bosna Royal (Košarkaški klub Bosna Royal) is a professional basketball team based in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, which became European champion by winning the 1978–79 FIBA European Champions Cup.
Konya (Ikónion, Iconium) is a major city in south-western edge of the Central Anatolian Plateau and is the seventh-most-populous city in Turkey with a metropolitan population of over 2.1 million.
Kreševo is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
The official name "Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen" ("a Szent Korona Országai") denominated the Hungarian territories of Austria-Hungary during the totality of the existence of the latter (30 March 1867 – 16 November 1918).
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Latin Bridge (Bosnian: Latinska ćuprija / Латинска ћуприја,, in Yugoslavian era named Principov most / Принципов мост - "Princip's Bridge") is an Ottoman bridge over the river Miljacka in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Lillehammer is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway.
This is a list of ancient tribes in the ancient territory of Illyria (Ancient Greek: Ἰλλυρία).
This is a list of cities and towns with over 10,000 inhabitants (or lower if the municipality has over 30,000 inhabitants) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo has had a number of famous citizens over the years.
This is a list of historical, modern and projected shopping malls in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Marijin Dvor (Cyrillic: Маријин Двор, "Maria's Yard") or Marindvor (Cyrillic: Мариндвор), is a neighborhood in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Markale market shelling or Markale massacres were two separate bombardments carried out by the Army of the Republika Srpska targeting civilians during the Siege of Sarajevo in the Bosnian War.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
Mehmed II (محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i sānī; Modern II.; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.
Mehmed Puzić (24 July 1937 – 25 June 2007), known professionally as Meho Puzić, was a Bosnian sevdalinka-folk singer and songwriter.
The MESS International Theatre Festival (MESS) is a theatre festival that takes place annually in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
The Metropolitan City of Turin (Città metropolitana di Torino) is a metropolitan city in the Piedmont region, Italy.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Miljacka (Cyrillic script: Миљацка) is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina that passes through Sarajevo.
The Mirza Delibašić Hall (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Dvorana Mirza Delibašić / Дворана Мирза Делибашић), commonly known as Skenderija (Скендерија), is an indoor sporting arena located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Mladen Vojičić (born 17 October 1960), known professionally as his nickname/stagename, Tifa is a Bosnian rock vocalist.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
Mostar is a city and the administrative center of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the smallest administrative unit is the municipality ("opština/општина" or "općina/опћина" in the official languages and scripts of the country).
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
The Museum of Sarajevo 1878–1918 (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Muzej Sarajevo 1878–1918 / Музеј Срајево 1878–1918) is located near the Latin Bridge in central Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Like the surrounding Balkan countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina has had a turbulent past marked by frequent foreign invasions and occupation.
Nada Mamula (9 January 1927 – 11 October 2001) was a Serbian singer, born during the time of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Most Bosnian-gauge railway lines were built during the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina (NUL) (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine / Национална и универзитетска библиотека Босне и Херцеговине) is the national library of Bosnia and Herzegovina based in Sarajevo.
The National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Zemaljski Muzej Bosne i Hercegovine / Земаљски музеј Босне и Херцеговине) is located in central Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Primitivism (Serbo-Croatian: Novi primitivizam, Нови примитивизам) was a subcultural movement established in Sarajevo, SR Bosnia-Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia in March 1983.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.
NK SAŠK Napredak is a football club from Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Noise music is a category of music that is characterised by the expressive use of noise within a musical context.
North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian Dutch: Noard-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country.
Novi Grad (Нови Град;, "New Town") is a municipality of the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Novi Plamen (New Flame) was a left-wing journal for political, social and cultural issues primarily aimed at intellectual audiences in the former Yugoslavia and the related diaspora.
Novo Sarajevo (Ново Сарајево;, "New Sarajevo") is a municipality of the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Olimpijski Bazen Otoka is an indoor water arena in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The Oriental Institute in Sarajevo (Orijentalni institut u Sarajevu / Оријентални институт у Сарајеву) is an academic institute in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Oslobođenje (English: Liberation) is a newspaper in Bosnia and Herzegovina based in the capital city Sarajevo.
Otoka is a part of Novi Grad, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located within the Bosnian Federation.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Pale (Пале) is a municipality of the city of Istočno Sarajevo located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka demokratske akcije or SDA) is a conservative Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.
Plavi orkestar (Blue Orchestra) is a Bosnian pop/rock band from Sarajevo.
Ploče (Porto Tolero) is a town and a notable seaport in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia.
The political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Dayton Agreement, which recognized a second tier of government in Bosnia and Herzegovina, comprising two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH), with mostly Bosniaks and Croats, and the Republika Srpska (RS) with mostly Serbs – each governing roughly one half of the state's territory.
The politics of Greece takes place in a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Post-punk (originally called new musick) is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
Prato is a city and comune in Tuscany, Italy, the capital of the Province of Prato.
The BH Telecom Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH Telecom Premijer liga Bosne i Hercegovine / БХ Телеком Премијер лига Босне и Херцеговине), also known as Liga 12, is the top tier football league in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is operated by the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Prince Eugene of Savoy (French: François-Eugène de Savoie, Italian: Principe Eugenio di Savoia-Carignano, German: Prinz Eugen von Savoyen; 18 October 1663 – 21 April 1736) was a general of the Imperial Army and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
The province of Ferrara (provincia di Ferrara) is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.
The Province of Prato (Provincia di Prato) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy.
Public baths originated from a communal need for cleanliness at a time when most people did not have access to private bathing facilities.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service.
BHRT (Bosnian-Herzegovinian Radio Television; Serbo-Croatian: Bosanskohercegovačka radiotelevizija (BHRT) / Босанскохерцеговачка радиотелевизија (БХРТ)), formerly known as PBSBiH (Public Broadcasting Service of Bosnia and Herzegovina; Serbo-Croatian: Javni radiotelevizijski servis Bosne i Hercegovine / Јавни радиотелевизијски сервис Босне и Херцеговине), is an umbrella broadcasting organization and the only member of the European Broadcasting Union from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Rasht (رشت; Rəsht; also Romanized as Resht and Rast, and often spelt Recht in French and older German manuscripts) is the capital city of Gilan Province, Iran.
The Reformed Church in Austria (Evangelical Church of the Helvetic Confession) is a Christian denomination in Austria.
Grupa Regina is a rock band founded in 1989 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then part of Yugoslavia.
A religious symbol is an iconic representation intended to represent a specific religion, or a specific concept within a given religion.
The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Bosna i Hercegovina / Република Босна и Херцеговина) was the direct legal predecessor to the modern-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Republika Srpska (Република Српскa,; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Resolution of Sarajevo Muslims or Muslim Resolution of 1941 (Sarajevska rezolucija/Сарајевска резолуција) was one of the Resolutions of Muslims from Bosnia and Herzegovina (then parts of the Independent State of Croatia) declared by 108 notable Muslim citizens of Sarajevo during the Second World War in Sarajevo on October 12, 1941.
RK Bosna Sarajevo is a team handball club based in Centar, Sarajevo, Sarajevo Canton, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
The Sacred Heart Cathedral (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Katedrala Srca Isusova / Катедрала Срца Исусова) is a Catholic church in Sarajevo; commonly referred as the Sarajevo Cathedral (Sarajevska katedrala / Сарајевска катедрала), it is the largest cathedral in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Safet Isović (6 January 1936 – 2 September 2007) was a Bosnian singer, one of the most prominent and popular performers of the Bosnian traditional music sevdalinka.
Saints Cyril and Methodius (826–869, 815–885; Κύριλλος καὶ Μεθόδιος; Old Church Slavonic) were two brothers who were Byzantine Christian theologians and Christian missionaries.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
is the fifth largest city of Japan by population, and the largest city on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.
The Sarajevo Beltway is a beltway in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo Blues is a book of poetry first published in 1992 during the siege of Sarajevo by Semezdin Mehmedinović.
Sarajevo Bypass is part of European route E73, and it connects the A1 with Sarajevska Cesta and Sarajevo International Airport.There would be 2 interchanges.
The Sarajevo Canton, officially the Canton of Sarajevo (Kanton Sarajevo, Sarajevska županija, Сарајевски кантон) is one of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo City Center (SCC) is a business complex and shopping center in downtown Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, that consists of three main parts: a state-of-the-art shopping mall and leisure complex, a five star hotel tower and a commercial offices tower, with a common 4-storey underground parking area with more than 1100 parking spaces.
The Sarajevo Film Festival is the premier and largest film festival in Southeast Europe, and is one of the largest film festivals in Europe.
Sarajevo Graduate School of Business (SGSB) is a private university located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Sarajevo Haggadah is an illuminated manuscript that contains the illustrated traditional text of the Passover Haggadah which accompanies the Passover Seder.
The Sarajevo Marathon non-governmental organization (NGO), created in 2007, organizes a half marathon annually, usually at the end of September, in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo International Airport (Međunarodni aerodrom Sarajevo/Међународни аеродром Сарајево);, also known as Butmir Airport, is the main international airport in Bosnia and Herzegovina, serving Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo International Culture Exchange (short:SICE) was an international art project annually taking place between 2003 and 2007 in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
QSI International School of Sarajevo is an international school in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo metropolitan area is the largest agglomeration in Bosnia and Herzegovina representing the wider area of the capital Sarajevo with an estimated population of 555,210 people.
The Sarajevo National Theatre (Bosnian and Serbian: Narodno pozorište Sarajevo, Народно позориште Сарајево, Narodno kazalište Sarajevo) was founded in November 1921.
A Sarajevo Rose is a concrete scar caused by a mortar shell's explosion that was later filled with red resin.
The Sarajevo school of pop rock collectively refers to the popular music created between 1960 and 1991 by artists and bands native to Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (then part of Yugoslavia).
Sarajevo School of Science and Technology (SSST) is a private university, located in metropolitan Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, within the municipality of Ilidža.
The Sarajevo Stock Exchange or SASE (Sarajevska Berza) is a stock exchange which operates in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo Synagogue (Serbo-Croatian: Sinagoga u Sarajevu / Синагога у Сарајеву) is Sarajevo's primary and largest synagogue and is located on the south bank of the river Miljacka.
Sarajevo Tobacco Factory (Fabrika duhana Sarajevo or FDS) is a cigarette producer in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Sarajevo Tunnel (Bosnian: Sarajevski tunel), also known as Tunnel of Rescue (Bosnian: Tunel spasa) and Tunnel of Hope (Bosnian: Tunel nade), was an underground tunnel constructed between March and June 1993 during the Siege of Sarajevo in the midst of the Bosnian War.
The Sarajevo Winter Festival (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Sarajevska zima / Сарајевска зима) is a cultural festival held annually since the winter of 1984-1985.
The Sarajevo Youth Film Festival (Omladinski film festival Sarajevo / Омладински филм фестивал Сарајево) is an annual film festival held in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevska pivara (SASE) is a Bosnian brewing company based in Sarajevo.
The Jazz Fest Sarajevo (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Sarajevski džez festival / Сарајевски џез фестивал) is an international music festival, held annually in the first week of November in Sarajevo, and is the largest of its kind in Southeastern Europe.
Savatage is an American heavy metal band founded by the Oliva brothers Jon and Criss in 1979 at Astro Skate in Tarpon Springs, Florida.
SCH (an abbreviation for "Schizophrenia") is the musical and artistic project and band (or rather the band-alterego) of Senad Hadžimusić, who is better known by his nickname Teno.
The Sebilj is a pseudo-Ottoman-style wooden fountain (sebil) in the centre of Baščaršija square in Sarajevo built by Mehmed Pasha Kukavica in 1753.
Semezdin Mehmedinović (born 1960 in Kiseljak, near Tuzla, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian writer, filmmaker, and magazine editor.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora, Србија и Црна Гора; SCG, СЦГ), officially the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Državna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora, Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора), was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining federal republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1992.
The Serbian Army (Копнена Војска / Kopnena Vojska, lit.) is the land-based component of the Serbian Armed Forces, responsible for defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia from foreign hostiles; participating in peacekeeping operations; and providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief.
The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.
The Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbian and Bosnian: Срби у Босни и Херцеговини / Srbi u Bosni i Hercegovini) are one of the three constitutive nations (State-forming nations) of the country, predominantly residing in the political-territorial entity of Republika Srpska.
Serre Chevalier is a major ski resort in southeastern France, in the Hautes-Alpes department of the Alps.
Sevdalinka (also known as Sevdah music) is a traditional genre of folk music from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
The Siege of Sarajevo was the siege of the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the longest of a capital city in the history of modern warfare.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Some sites of interest in Sarajevo include.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
The Slovaks or Slovak people (Slováci, singular Slovák, feminine Slovenka, plural Slovenky) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Socijalistička Republika Bosna i Hercegovina/ Социјалистичка Pепублика Босна и Херцеговина) was one of the six constituent federal units forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The University of Sofia "St.
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (Žofie Marie Josefína Albína hraběnka Chotková z Chotkova a Vojnína; Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Gräfin Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin; 1 March 1868 – 28 June 1914), was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe is a geographical region of Europe, consisting primarily of the coterminous Balkan peninsula.
The Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities, providing year-round training and competitions to 5 million athletes and Unified States Sports partners in 172 countries.
Grbavica Stadium is located in Grbavica, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Otoka Stadium (Stadion Otoka / Стадион Отока) is a football stadium in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Stari Grad (Стари Град;, "Old Town") is a municipality of the city of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Start was a short-lived daily tabloid published in Belgrade between late 2005 and early 2006.
The State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Zemaljsko antifašističko vijeće narodnog oslobođenja Bosne i Hercegovine, ZAVNOBiH) was formed as the highest governing organ of the anti-fascist movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina and during World War II developed to be bearer of Bosnian statehood.
The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba/Држава Словенаца, Хрвата и Срба; Država Slovencev, Hrvatov in Srbov) was a short-lived entity formed at the end of World War I by Slovenes, Croats and Serbs residing in what were the southernmost parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Stećak (plural: Stećci, Стећци) is the name for monumental medieval tombstones that lie scattered across Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the border parts of Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stup Interchange is a cloverleaf interchange in Sarajevo.
Sufism, or Taṣawwuf (personal noun: ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, mutaṣawwuf), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism",Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.15 "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam",Massington, L., Radtke, B., Chittick, W. C., Jong, F. de, Lewisohn, L., Zarcone, Th., Ernst, C, Aubin, Françoise and J.O. Hunwick, “Taṣawwuf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by: P. Bearman, Th.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Tábor (Tabor) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the South Bohemian Region.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia refers primarily to the genocide of Jews, but sometimes also include that of Serbs (the "Serbian Genocide") and Romani (Porajmos), during World War II within the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state ruled by the Ustashe regime, that included most of the territory of modern-day Croatia, the whole of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina and the eastern part of Syrmia (Serbia).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Seattle Times is a daily newspaper serving Seattle, Washington, United States.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was Roman emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD, succeeding the first emperor, Augustus.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
Tlemcen (تلمسان Tlemsan; ⵜⵍⴻⵎⵙⴰⵏ) is a city in north-western Algeria, and the capital of the province of the same name.
Top lista nadrealista ("The Surrealists' Top Chart") also known as Nadrealisti ("Surrealists") was a sketch comedy and variety television show airing on TV Sarajevo in three separate installments from 1984 until 1991.
Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fast-growing sector making up an important part in the economy of the country.
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
The Sarajevo tram network is one of Europe's oldest, having originally served as the test line for Vienna's trams.
Trans-Siberian Orchestra (TSO) is an American rock band founded around 1993 by producer, composer, and lyricist Paul O'Neill, who brought together Jon Oliva and Al Pitrelli (both members of Savatage) and keyboardist and co-producer Robert Kinkel to form the core of the creative team.
The Treaty of Berlin (formally the Treaty between Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire for the Settlement of Affairs in the East) was signed on July 13, 1878.
Trebević (Требевић) is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located to the southeast of Sarajevo, in the territory of East Sarajevo city, bordering Jahorina mountain.
Trebević Cable Car is a cable car in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, connecting the old part of the city with the mountain Trebević.
Treskavica is a mountain range in Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated in Trnovo municipality just south of city of Sarajevo.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Trnovo (Трново) is a town and municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Trnovo (Трново) is a municipality of the city of Istočno Sarajevo located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
Tuzla is the third largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
The United Investment and Trading Company (UNITIC), formerly UNIS Holding BiH, is a joint venture company between UNIS Holding and Kuwait Consulting & Investment Co.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), formerly the United Nations Statistical Office, serves under the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) as the central mechanism within the Secretariat of the United Nations to supply the statistical needs and coordinating activities of the global statistical system.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Michigan Press is part of Michigan Publishing at the University of Michigan Library.
The University of Sarajevo (Bosnian: Univerzitet u Sarajevu / Универзитет у Сарајеву) is a public university located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A valley is a low area between hills or mountains often with a river running through it.
Vedran Smailović (born 11 November 1956), known as the "Cellist of Sarajevo", is a musician from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Sarajevo City Hall (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Gradska vijećnica Sarajevo / Градска вијећница Сарајево), known as Vijećnica, is located in the city of Sarajevo.
The Villa Luburić or Vila Folkert or Colonel Luburić's Centre: "Njegov stab, »Stozer pukovnika Luburica«, postao je muciliste nevidenih i neslucenih razmjera i oblika." was the seat of Ustaše headquarters in 1945 Sarajevo, Independent State of Croatia (modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina).
Visoko is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Vjekoslav Luburić (6 March 1914 – 20 April 1969) was a Bosnian Croat member of the fascist Ustaše movement who headed the system of concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during much of World War II.
VK Bosna is a waterpolo club from Sarajevo, Bosnia.
Vladimir Perić (Владимир Перић; 28 December 1919 – 5/6 April 1945), best known by the nom de guerre Valter, was a Partisan commander in German-occupied Sarajevo during World War II.
Vladimir Prelog ForMemRS (23 July 1906 – 7 January 1998) was a Croatian-Swiss organic chemist who received the 1975 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his research into the stereochemistry of organic molecules and reactions.
Vogošća (Вогошћа) is a secondary suburb and municipality of Sarajevo, Sarajevo Canton, the capital of Bosnia, located about 6 kilometers north of the city center and covering some 72 km².
The Vraca Memorial Park (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Spomen-park Vraca / Спомен-парк Враца) is a park dedicated to the World War II victims in Sarajevo.
Vratnik, also Stari grad Vratnik (Стари град Вратник, English: The old Vratnik town), is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Spring of the Bosna river (Bosnian: Vrelo Bosne / Врело Босне) is a public park, featuring the spring of the River Bosna, at the foothills of the Mount Igman on the outskirts of Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Vrhbosna was the medieval name of a small region in today's central Bosnia and Herzegovina, centered on an eponymous settlement that would later become part of the city of Sarajevo.
The West Midlands is a metropolitan county and city region in western-central England with a 2014 estimated population of 2,808,356, making it the second most populous county in England.
A winter sport or winter activity is a recreational activity or sport which is played on snow or ice.
Wolfsburg is the fifth largest city in the German state of Lower Saxony.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The World War II persecution of Serbs, includes the extermination, expulsion and forced religious conversion of large numbers of ethnic Serbs by the Ustashe regime in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), as well as killings and expulsions of Serbs by the various Axis forces and their local supporters in occupied Yugoslavia.
Young Bosnia (Mlada Bosna/Млада Босна) was a revolutionary movement active in the Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina before World War I. The members were predominantly school students, primarily Bosnian Serbs, but also Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats.
The Yugoslav Partisans,Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Yugoslavs or Yugoslavians (Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslaveni/Југославени, Jugosloveni/Југословени; Macedonian: Југословени; Slovene: Jugoslovani) is a designation that was originally designed to refer to a united South Slavic people.
Zabranjeno Pušenje (Bosnian for No Smoking) is a Bosnian rock band from Sarajevo.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zaim Imamović (26 August 1920 – 2 February 1994) was a Bosnian sevdalinka-folk singer, accordionist and author.
Zehra Deović (9 December 1938 – 30 October 2015) was a Bosnian sevdalinka-folk singer and was one of the leading female singers of the 1960s and 1970s in Yugoslavia, along with Silvana Armenulić, Nada Mamula and Beba Selimović.
Zenica is the fourth largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of the Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Juan Antonio Samaranch Olympic Hall (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Olimpijska dvorana Juan Antonio Samaranch / Олимпијска дворана Хуан Антонио Самаран; formerly Zetra Olympic Hall) is an indoor multi-purpose arena in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Zlatko Topčić (born 30 April 1955) is a Bosnian writer who is renowned for his dramas, novels and screenplays.
The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.
The 16th Infantry Division of the German Army was formed in 1934.
The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games (XIVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; XIV. / XIV Зимске олимпијске игре; XIV Зимски олимписки игри), was a winter multi-sport event which took place from 8–19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia.
The most recent census of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the 2013 census (Popis stanovništva u Bosni i Hercegovini 2013.), took place from 1 October until 15 October 2013 with a reference date of census 30 September 2013 at 24:00 hours (midnight), 22 years after the previous census.
Between 13 and 18 May 2014 a low-pressure cyclone designated Tamara and Yvette affected a large area of Southeastern and Central Europe, causing floods and landslides.
The 2014 unrest in Bosnia and Herzegovina was a series of demonstrations and riots that began in the northern town of Tuzla on 4 February 2014, but quickly spread to multiple cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including Sarajevo, Zenica, Mostar, Jajce, and Brčko, among others, for social reasons and with the aim of overthrowing the government.
The 2019 European Youth Olympic Winter Festival will be held in Sarajevo & Istočno Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina from 9 to 16 February 2019.
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