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Index Saraswati

Saraswati (सरस्वती) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning worshipped throughout Nepal and India. [1]

127 relations: Aban, Anahita, Arachosia, Assam, Athena, Autumn, Bali, Basar, Telangana, Benzaiten, Bihar, Birmingham Museum of Art, Biwa, Boondi, Brahma, Brahmaloka, Brahmana, Brahmani, Buddhism, Burmese language, Cambodia, Chikubu Island, Chinese language, Dakshina Mookambika Temple, North Paravur, Devi, Devi Mahatmya, Dharma, Dhyana in Hinduism, Diana L. Eck, Diwali, Drishadvati river, Enoshima, Ernakulam, Ganges, Gayatri, Gnana Saraswati Temple, Basar, Goa, Godavari River, Gulal, Hamsa (bird), Hara Berezaiti, Haryana, Hindi, Hindu mythology, Hinduism, India, Indian subcontinent, Itsukushima, Jainism, Japamala, Japan, ..., Japanese language, Je Tsongkhapa, Jharkhand, John Muir (indologist), Kannada, Karnataka, Kawahara Shrine, Kerala, Khichdi, Konkani language, Koothanur, Koothanur Maha Saraswathi Temple, Lakshmi, Magha (month), Mahabharata, Mahakali, Maharashtra, Mahavidya, Manjushri, Mantra, Minerva, Myanmar, Navaratri, Nelumbo nucifera, Nepal, Odisha, Palden Lhamo, Parvati, Peafowl, Pilani, Prasāda, Puja (Hinduism), Puranas, Raja Ravi Varma, Rhea (mythology), Rigveda, Sarada Tilaka, Sarasvati River, Saraswati, Saraswati Vandana Mantra, Saraswati veena, Saraswati yoga, Sati (Hindu goddess), Sága and Sökkvabekkr, Shakti, Shanti Parva, Sharada Peeth, Shiva, Shloka, Shringeri Sharadamba Temple, Soma (drink), South Asia, Southeast Asia, Swan, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Tantrasara, Tara (Buddhism), Tara (Devi), Telangana, Telugu language, Thai language, Tibet, Tridevi, Trikaranasuddhi, Tripiṭaka, Tripura, Upanishads, Vasant Panchami, Vedas, Vedic period, Veena, Vindhya Range, Vishnu, Wat, West Bengal, Zeniarai Benzaiten Ugafuku Shrine. Expand index (77 more) »


Apas (āpas) is the Avestan language term for "the waters", which, in its innumerable aggregate states, is represented by the Apas, the hypostases of the waters.

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Anahita is the Old Persian form of the name of an Iranian goddess and appears in complete and earlier form as Aredvi Sura Anahita (Arədvī Sūrā Anāhitā), the Avestan name of an Indo-Iranian cosmological figure venerated as the divinity of "the Waters" (Aban) and hence associated with fertility, healing and wisdom.

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Arachosia is the Hellenized name of an ancient satrapy in the eastern part of the Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Greco-Bactrian, and Indo-Scythian empires.

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Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

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Athena; Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā or Athene,; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē often given the epithet Pallas,; Παλλὰς is the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare, who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva.

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Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.

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Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.

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Basar, Telangana

Basar or Basara is a census town in Nirmal district in the state of Telangana, India.

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Benzaiten (弁才天, 弁財天) is a Japanese Buddhist goddess, who originated from the Hindu goddess Saraswati.

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Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.

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Birmingham Museum of Art

Founded in 1951, the Birmingham Museum of Art in Birmingham, Alabama, today has one of the finest collections in the Southeastern United States, with more than 24,000 paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, and decorative arts representing a numerous diverse cultures, including Asian, European, American, African, Pre-Columbian, and Native American.

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The is a Japanese short-necked fretted lute, often used in narrative storytelling.

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Boondi (बूंदी,بوندی, bundi) or Bundiya (বুন্দিয়া) is an Indian dessert made from sweetened, fried chickpea flour.

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Brahma (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मा, IAST: Brahmā) is a creator god in Hinduism.

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Brahmaloka (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मालोक, IAST: Brahmāloka), is the abode of Lord Brahma, the creator god and part of a Trimurti along with Vishnu and Shiva in Hinduism.

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The Brahmanas (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मणम्, Brāhmaṇa) are a collection of ancient Indian texts with commentaries on the hymns of the four Vedas.

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Brahmani (Sanskrit: ब्रह्माणी, IAST: Brahmâṇī) or Brahmi (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मि, IAST: Brāhmī), is one of the seven Mother Goddesses called Matrikas.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Burmese language

The Burmese language (မြန်မာဘာသာ, MLCTS: mranmabhasa, IPA) is the official language of Myanmar.

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Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Chikubu Island

is a small island located in the northern part of Biwa Lake of Japan.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Dakshina Mookambika Temple, North Paravur

The Dakshina Mookambika Temple is a famous Saraswati temple in the town of North Paravur in the Ernakulam district of Kerala.

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Devī (Sanskrit: देवी) is the Sanskrit word for "goddess"; the masculine form is Deva.

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Devi Mahatmya

The Devi Mahatmya or Devi Mahatmyam (Sanskrit:, देवीमाहात्म्यम्), or "Glory of the Goddess") is a Hindu religious text describing the Goddess as the supreme power and creator of the universe. It is part of the Markandeya Purana, and estimated to have been composed in Sanskrit between 400-600 CE. Devi Mahatmyam is also known as the Durgā Saptashatī (दुर्गासप्तशती) or Caṇḍī (चण्डीपाठः). The text contains 700 verses arranged into 13 chapters. Along with Devi-Bhagavata Purana and Shakta Upanishads such as the Devi Upanishad, it is one of the most important texts of Shaktism (goddess) tradition within Hinduism. The Devi Mahatmyam describes a storied battle between good and evil, where the Devi manifesting as goddess Durga leads the forces of good against the demon Mahishasura—the goddess is very angry and ruthless, and the forces of good win. In peaceful prosperous times, states the text, the Devi manifests as Lakshmi, empowering wealth creation and happiness. The verses of this story also outline a philosophical foundation wherein the ultimate reality (Brahman in Hinduism) is female. The text is one of the earliest extant complete manuscripts from the Hindu traditions which describes reverence and worship of the feminine aspect of God. The Devi Mahatmya is often ranked in some Hindu traditions to be as important as the Bhagavad Gita. The Devi Mahatmya has been particularly popular in eastern states of India, such as West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Assam, as well as Nepal. It is recited during Navratri celebrations, the Durga Puja festival, and in Durga temples across India.

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Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

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Dhyana in Hinduism

Dhyana (IAST: Dhyāna) in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism means contemplation and meditation, though their technical context is different.

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Diana L. Eck

Diana L. Eck (born 1945 in Bozeman, Montana) is a scholar of religious studies who is Professor of Comparative Religion and Indian Studies at Harvard University, as well as a Master of Lowell House and the Director of The Pluralism Project at Harvard.

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Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).

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Drishadvati river

The Drishadvati river (IAST:, "She with many stones") is a river hypothesized by Indologists to identify the route of the Vedic river Saraswati and the state of Brahmavarta.

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is a small offshore island, about 4 km in circumference, at the mouth of the Katase River which flows into the Sagami Bay of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Ernakulam refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India.

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The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.

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Gayatri (Sanskrit: गायत्री, IAST:gāyatrī) is the personified form of popular Gayatri Mantra, a hymn from Vedic texts.

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Gnana Saraswati Temple, Basar

Gnana Saraswati Temple (శ్రీ జ్ఞాన సరస్వతి దేవస్థానము) is a Hindu temple of Goddess Saraswati located on the banks of Godavari River at Basar, Telangana, India.

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Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.

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Godavari River

The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.

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Gulal (गुलाल), also known as Abeer (अबीर), is the traditional name given to the coloured powders used for the typical Hindu rituals, in particular for the Holi festival.

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Hamsa (bird)

The hamsa (Sanskrit: हंस, or hansa) is an aquatic bird of passage, such as a goose or a swan.

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Hara Berezaiti

Harā Bərəzaitī, literally meaning "High Watchpost", is the name given in the Avestan language to a legendary mountain around which the stars and planets revolve.

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Haryana, carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India.

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Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu mythology

Hindu mythology are mythical narratives found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic literature, epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, the regional literatures Sangam literature and Periya Puranam.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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is an island in the western part of the Inland Sea of Japan, located in the northwest of Hiroshima Bay.

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Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

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A Japamala or mala (Sanskrit:माला;, meaning garland) is a string of prayer beads commonly used by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and some Sikhs for the spiritual practice known in Sanskrit as japa.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Je Tsongkhapa

Zongkapa Lobsang Zhaba, or Tsongkhapa ("The man from Tsongkha", 1357–1419), usually taken to mean "the Man from Onion Valley", born in Amdo, was a famous teacher of Tibetan Buddhism whose activities led to the formation of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism.

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Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.

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John Muir (indologist)

Dr John Muir CIE FRSEDCL LLD (5 February 1810 – 7 March 1882) was a Scottish Sanskrit scholar and Indologist and judge in India.

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Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.

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Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.

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Kawahara Shrine

The is a Shinto shrine and Buddhist Benten-dō located in the Showa ward of Nagoya, central Japan.

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Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.

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Khichdi, or khichri, is a dish from the Indian subcontinent made from rice and lentils (dal), but other variations include bajra and mung dal kichri.

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Konkani language

Konkani is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India.

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Koothanur is a town situated in the Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu, India.

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Koothanur Maha Saraswathi Temple

Koothanur Maha Saraswathi Temple is a Hindu temple located in the predominantly Muslim town of Koothanur in the Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu, India.

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Lakshmi (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी, IAST: lakṣmī) or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity.

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Magha (month)

Maagha (Nepali: माघ maagh) is a month of the Hindu calendar.

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The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.

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Mahakali (Sanskrit: Mahākālī, Devanagari: महाकाली), literally translated as Great Kali, is the Hindu goddess of time and death, considered to be the consort of Mahakala, the god of consciousness, the basis of reality and existence.

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Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms) are a group of ten aspects of Adi Parashakti in Hinduism.

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Mañjuśrī is a bodhisattva associated with prajñā (insight) in Mahayana Buddhism.

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A "mantra" ((Sanskrit: मन्त्र)) is a sacred utterance, a numinous sound, a syllable, word or phonemes, or group of words in Sanskrit believed by practitioners to have psychological and spiritual powers.

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Minerva (Etruscan: Menrva) was the Roman goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, although it is noted that the Romans did not stress her relation to battle and warfare as the Greeks would come to, and the sponsor of arts, trade, and strategy.

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Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Navaratri (नवरात्रि, literally "nine nights"), also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights (and ten days) Hindu festival, celebrated in the autumn every year.

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Nelumbo nucifera

Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.

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Palden Lhamo

Palden Lhamo or Panden Lhamo ("Glorious Goddess",Volkmann, Rosemarie: "Female Stereotypes in Tibetan Religion and Art: the Genetrix/Progenitress as the Exponent of the Underworld" in, Śrīdēvī, Ukin Tengri) or RematiDowman, Keith.

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Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती, IAST: Pārvatī) or Uma (IAST: Umā) is the Hindu goddess of fertility, love and devotion; as well as of divine strength and power.

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The peafowl include three species of birds in the genera Pavo and Afropavo of the Phasianidae family, the pheasants and their allies.

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Pilani is a small town situated in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, India.

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Prasāda (Sanskrit: प्रसाद), variantly spelled as Prasadam, Prasad and Prasada, is a material substance of food that is a religious offering in both Hinduism and Sikhism.

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Puja (Hinduism)

Pūjā or Poojan or Poosei (Thamizh) (Devanagari: पूजा) is a prayer ritual performed by Hindus of devotional worship to one or more deities, or to host and honor a guest, or one to spiritually celebrate an event.

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The Puranas (singular: पुराण), are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.

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Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was a celebrated Malayali Indian painter and artist.

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Rhea (mythology)

Rhea (Ῥέα) is a character in Greek mythology, the Titaness daughter of the earth goddess Gaia and the sky god Uranus as well as sister and wife to Cronus.

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The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.

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Sarada Tilaka

Sarada Tilaka a collection of mantras and instructions for worship (Homa) of various deities including Ganapati, Shiva, Vishnu and various manifestations of the goddess.

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Sarasvati River

Sarasvati River (Sanskrit: सरस्वती नदी, IAST: sárasvatī nadī) is one of the Rigvedic rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts.

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Saraswati (सरस्वती) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning worshipped throughout Nepal and India.

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Saraswati Vandana Mantra

Saraswati Vandana Mantra is an important hindu mantra that is recited for music, knowledge and wisdom.

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Saraswati veena

The Sarasvati vīṇa (also spelled Saraswati vina) (சரஸ்வதி வீணை, সরস্বতী বীণা, Sanskrit: सरस्वती वीणा (vīṇā), ವೀಣೆ, Malayalam: വീണ, సరస్వతి వీణ) is an Indian plucked string instrument.

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Saraswati yoga

Saraswati yoga given rise to by the three natural benefic planets, namely, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter co-operating with each other is an auspicious yoga which is not rare in occurrence but when its participants are not strong merges with other yogas.

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Sati (Hindu goddess)

Satī (सती.), is also known as Dākṣāyaṇī (Sanskrit: दाक्षायणी, lit. daughter of Daksha).

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Sága and Sökkvabekkr

In Norse mythology, Sága (possibly meaning "seeress"Orchard (1997:136).) is a goddess associated with the wisdom Sökkvabekkr ("sunken bank", "sunken bench", or "treasure bank"Orchard (1997:152) and Lindow (2001:265) have "sunken bank". Byock (2005:175) has "sunken bank or bench". Simek (2007:297) has "sunken bank" or "treasure bank.").

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Shakti (Devanagari: शक्ति, IAST: Śakti;.lit “power, ability, strength, might, effort, energy, capability”), is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe in Hinduism and Shaktism.

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Shanti Parva

The Shanti Parva (शान्ति पर्व; IAST: Śānti parva; "Book of Peace") is the twelfth of eighteen books of the Indian Epic Mahabharata.

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Sharada Peeth

Sharada Peeth (شاردا پیٹھ) is an abandoned Hindu temple located in the village of Sharda, along the Neelam River in Azad Kashmir.

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Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.

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Shloka (Sanskrit: श्लोक śloka; meaning "song", from the root śru, "hear"Macdonell, Arthur A., A Sanskrit Grammar for Students, Appendix II, p. 232 (Oxford University Press, 3rd edition, 1927).) is a category of verse line developed from the Vedic Anustubh poetic meter.

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Shringeri Sharadamba Temple

Sri Sharadamba Temple (ಶೃಂಗೇರಿ ಶಾರದಾಂಬೆ) is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to goddess Saraswati in the holy town of Sringeri in Karnataka, India.

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Soma (drink)

Soma (सोम) or haoma (Avestan) is a Vedic ritual drink of importance among the early Indians.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.

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Tamil language

Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.

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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.

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The Tantrasara is a work attributed to Abhinavagupta, the most famous historical proponent of the Trika or Kashmir Shaivism philosophy of Hinduism.

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Tara (Buddhism)

Tara (तारा,; Tib. སྒྲོལ་མ, Dölma) or Ārya Tārā, also known as Jetsun Dölma (Tibetan language: rje btsun sgrol ma) in Tibetan Buddhism, is an important figure in Buddhism.

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Tara (Devi)

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the goddess Tara, is the second of the Dasa (ten) Mahavidyas or "Great Wisdom goddesses", and is a form of Shakti, the tantric manifestations of the goddess.

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Telangana is a state in the south of India.

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Telugu language

Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.

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Thai language

Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.

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Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.

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The Tridevi (three goddesses; Sanskrit: त्रिदेवी) is a concept in Hinduism joining a triad of eminent goddesses either as a feminine version of the Trimurti or as consorts of a masculine Trimurti, depending on the denomination.

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Trikaranasuddhi, a word in the Sanskrit language, indicates the purity and unity of (1) thought (2) word and (3) deed, or a congruence amongst the trio.

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The Tripiṭaka (Sanskrit) or Tipiṭaka (Pali), is the traditional term for the Buddhist scriptures.

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Tripura 'ত্রিপুরা (Bengali)' is a state in Northeast India.

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The Upanishads (उपनिषद्), a part of the Vedas, are ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism, some of which are shared with religious traditions like Buddhism and Jainism.

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Vasant Panchami

Vasant Panchami, also spelled Basant Panchami, is celebrated by people in various ways depending on the region, Vasant is a festival that marks the arrival of spring.

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The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.

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Vedic period

The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in BCE.

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The veena (வீணை, वीणा, IAST: vīṇā), comprises a family of chordophone instruments of the Indian subcontinent.

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Vindhya Range

The Vindhya Range(also known as Vindhyachal)() is a complex, discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill ranges, highlands and plateau escarpments in west-central India.

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Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.

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A wat (វត្ត wōat; ວັດ vat; วัด) is a type of Buddhist temple and Hindu temple in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. The word wat is borrowed from Sanskrit vāṭa (Devanāgarī: वाट), meaning "enclosure".

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West Bengal

West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.

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Zeniarai Benzaiten Ugafuku Shrine

, popularly known simply as Zeniarai Benten, is a Shinto shrine in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan.

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Gnana Saraswathi, Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Sāvitri, Irshita, Mahasaraswati, Sarasuati, Sarasvati, Sarasvatī, Saraswathi, Saraswathy, Saraswati (goddess), Saraswati Day, Saraswati devi, Satarupa thyme, Sharadamba, Vaak, Vagdevi.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saraswati

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