47 relations: Abdus Samad Khan, Akal Takht, Amritsar, Ardās, Banda Singh Bahadur, Dal Khalsa (Sikh Army), Direct democracy, Direct election, Genocide, Giani Gurbachan Singh, Golden Temple, Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Granth Sahib, Haryana, Jagir, Jagtar Singh Hawara, Jathedar of Akal Takht, Kanwar Pal Singh Gill, Khalistan movement, Khalsa, Khap, Kuldip Singh Brar, Lahore, Legislature, Mass meeting, Misl, Mohkam Singh, Mughal Empire, Nation, Nawab Kapur Singh, Panj Pyare, Parkash Singh Badal, Parliament, Precious metal, Punjabi language, Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar), Sikh, Sikh Empire, Simranjit Singh Mann, Sukhbir Singh Badal, Surat Singh Khalsa, Tara Singh Wan, Tat Khalsa, The Economist, United Akali Dal, Uttar Pradesh, Vatican City.
Nawab Abdus Samad Khan Bahadur (1861–1922) was the Nawab of Talibnagar and Nawab of Chhatari in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, hailing from the Lalkhani family of Muslim Rajputs.
The Akal Takht (ਅਕਾਲ ਤਖ਼ਤ), meaning throne of the timeless one, is one of five takhts (seats of power) of the Sikhs.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
The Ardās (ਅਰਦਾਸ) is a set prayer in Sikhism.
Banda Singh Bahadur (born Lachman Dev) (27 October 1670 – 9 June 1716, Delhi), was a Sikh military commander who established a Sikh state with capital at Lohgarh (Haryana).
Dal Khalsa was the name of the Sikh army that operated in the 18th century (1747–1780) in the Punjab region.
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.
Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
Giani Gurbachan Singh (ਗਿਆਨੀ ਗੁਰਬਚਨ ਸਿੰਘ), born on April 6, 1948 at Chakk Baja in Muktsar, Punjab, was the 30th Jathedar of Akal Takht.He was relieved of his service as jathedar of Akal Takht on 10 Nov 2015 by Sarbat Khalsa.
Sri Harmandir Sahib ("The abode of God"), also known as Darbar Sahib,, informally referred to as the Golden Temple, is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the religious scripture of Sikhism, regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign, and eternal living guru following the lineage of the ten human Sikh gurus of the Sikh religion.
Haryana, carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India.
A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system.
Jagtar Singh Hawara (Punjabi) born (16 May 1973) holds the position of 31st Jathedar of Akal Takht, the highest spokesman of the Sikh community.
The Jathedar of Akal Takht (ਜਥੇਦਾਰ ਅਕਾਲ ਤਖ਼ਤ), is the appointed head of Akal Takht and the Sikhs of the world.
Kanwar Pal Singh Gill (1934/35 – 26 May 2017) was an Indian police officer.
The Khalistan movement is a Sikh separatist movement, which seeks to create a separate country called Khalistān (ਖ਼ਾਲਿਸਤਾਨ, "The Land of the Pure") in the Punjab region of South Asia to serve as a homeland for Sikhs.
Khalsa (Punjabi: "the pure") refers to both a special group of initiated Sikh warriors, as well as a community that considers Sikhism as its faith.
A Khap is a community organisation representing a clan or a group of related clans.
Kuldip Singh Brar (born 1934) is a retired Indian Army officer, who was involved in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
In parliamentary law, a mass meeting is a type of deliberative assembly, which in a publicized or selectively distributed notice known as the call of the meeting - has been announced: (RONR).
Misl generally refers to the sovereign states of the Sikh Confederacy, that rose during the 18th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent after the collapse of the Mughal Empire.
Mohkam Singh (ਭਾਈ ਮouਹਕਮ ਸਿੰਘ; 1663–1705), born Mohkam Chand, one of the Panj Pyare or the Five Beloved of honoured memory in the Sikh tradition, was the son of Tirath Chand, a cloth printer from Bet Dwarka, in modern day Gujarat, India.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
Nawab Kapur Singh (1697–1753) is considered one of the major figures in Sikh history, under whose leadership the Sikh community traversed one of the darkest periods of its history.
Panj Pyare (ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰੇ,, literally the five beloved ones), is the name collectively given to the five Sikh men, Bhai Dhaya Singh, Bhai Dharam Singh, Bhai Himmat Singh, Bhai Mohkam Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh by Guru Gobind Singh at the historic divan Anandpur Sahib on 14 April 1699.
Parkash Singh Badal (born 8 December 1927) is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Punjab state from 1970 to 1971, from 1977 to 1980, from 1997 to 2002, and from 2007 to 2017.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
A precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metallic chemical element of high economic value.
Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ; Shahmukhi: پنجابی) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar), registered with the Election Commission of India as Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann), is a splinter group, led by Simranjit Singh Mann, of the Shiromani Akali Dal.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
The Sikh Empire (also Sikh Khalsa Raj, Sarkar-i-Khalsa or Pañjab (Punjab) Empire) was a major power in the Indian subcontinent, formed under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established a secular empire based in the Punjab.
Sardar Simranjit Singh Mann (born 20 May 1945) is a Sikh politician from Punjab.
Sukhbir Singh Badal (born 9 July 1962) is an Indian politician and President of Shiromani Akali Dal, a Sikh political party.
Surat Singh Khalsa (born 7 March 1933), also known as "Bapu Surat Singh Khalsa" is a civil rights and political activist, from the Indian state of Punjab.
Bhai Tara Singh Wan was an eighteenth-century Sikh martyr.
Tat Khalsa (the 'True Khalsa') Singh Sabha was a Sikh organization founded in Lahore in 1879 to rival the earlier Sanatan Singh Sabha based in Amritsar.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
United Akali Dal(Sanyukt Akali Dal) is a Sikhism-centric political party floated on 22 November 2014 at Amritsar by leaders of United Sikh Movement and Insaaf Lehar have played leading role in setting up this party.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.