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Savant syndrome

Index Savant syndrome

Savant syndrome is a condition in which someone with significant mental disabilities demonstrates certain abilities far in excess of average. [1]

47 relations: Alonzo Clemons, Anatomical terms of location, Autism, Autism spectrum, Birth defect, Blind Tom Wiggins, Brain injury, Cartography, Central nervous system, Child prodigy, Creativity and mental illness, Daniel Tammet, Derek Amato, Derek Paravicini, Determination of the day of the week, Down syndrome, DSM-5, Empathizing–systemizing theory, French language, Hypercalculia, Hyperthymesia, Ideasthesia, Intellectual disability, John Langdon Down, Kim Peek, Leslie Lemke, Matt Savage, Memory, Mental calculator, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Misnomer, Neurodevelopmental disorder, Neurology, Orlando Serrell, Psychiatry, Rain Man, Sex ratio, Spatial visualization ability, Stephen Wiltshire, Temple Grandin, Temporal lobe, The Daily Telegraph, Tommy McHugh, Tony Cicoria, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Visual memory.

Alonzo Clemons

Alonzo Clemons is an American animal sculptor and savant.

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Anatomical terms of location

Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.

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Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.

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Autism spectrum

Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.

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Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

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Blind Tom Wiggins

Thomas "Blind Tom" Wiggins (May 25, 1849June 14, 1908) was an African American musical prodigy on the piano.

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Brain injury

A brain injury is an injury to the brain of a living organism, and can be categorized by many properties.

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Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Child prodigy

In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.

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Creativity and mental illness

The concept of a link between creativity and mental illness has been extensively discussed and studied by psychologists and other researchers for centuries.

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Daniel Tammet

Daniel Tammet (born 31 January 1979) is an English essayist, novelist, translator, and autistic savant.

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Derek Amato

Derek Amato (born November 19, 1966) is a composer and pianist who received a head injury on October 27, 2006, and subsequently became a musical savant.

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Derek Paravicini

Derek Paravicini (born 26 July 1979) is a blind English autistic savant and musical prodigy.

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Determination of the day of the week

The determination of the day of the week for any date may be performed with a variety of algorithms.

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Down syndrome

Down syndrome (DS or DNS), also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the 2013 update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the taxonomic and diagnostic tool published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).

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Empathizing–systemizing theory

The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory suggests that people may be classified on the basis of their scores along two dimensions: empathizing (E) and systemizing (S).

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Hypercalculia is "a specific developmental condition in which the ability to perform mathematical calculations is significantly superior to general learning ability and to school attainment in maths." A 2002 neuroimaging study of a child with hypercalculia suggested greater brain volume in the right temporal lobe.

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Hyperthymesia is a neurological disorder which leads people to be able to remember much more than the average person.

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Ideasthesia (alternative spelling ideaesthesia) is defined as a phenomenon in which activations of concepts (inducers) evoke perception-like experiences (concurrents).

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Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.

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John Langdon Down

John Langdon Haydon Down (18 November 1828 – 7 October 1896) was a British physician best known for his description of the genetic disorder now known as Down syndrome, which he originally classified in 1862.

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Kim Peek

Laurence Kim Peek (November 11, 1951 – December 19, 2009) was an American savant.

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Leslie Lemke

Leslie Lemke (born January 31, 1952) is a blind American autistic savant who is most notable for his work as a musician.

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Matt Savage

Matthew "Matt" Savage (born May 12, 1992) is an American autistic savant musician.

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Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.

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Mental calculator

Mental calculators are people with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation, such as adding, subtracting, multiplying or dividing large numbers.

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Mental disability

Mental disability may refer to.

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

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A misnomer is a name or term that suggests an idea that is known to be wrong.

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Neurodevelopmental disorder

Neurodevelopmental disorder is a mental disorder.

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Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

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Orlando Serrell

Orlando L. Serrell (born 1968) is an "acquired savant" — someone who exhibits savant skills after CNS injury or disease, as opposed to a person born with autistic disorder or other developmental disability.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

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Rain Man

Rain Man is a 1988 American road comedy-drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass.

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Sex ratio

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.

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Spatial visualization ability

Spatial visualization ability or visual-spatial ability is the ability to mentally manipulate 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional figures.

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Stephen Wiltshire

Stephen Wiltshire (born 24 April 1974) is a British architectural artist and autistic savant.

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Temple Grandin

Mary Temple Grandin (born August 29, 1947) is an American professor of animal science at Colorado State University, consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior, and autism spokesperson.

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Temporal lobe

The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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Tommy McHugh

Tommy McHugh (1949 - 19 September 2012) was a Liverpudlian artist and poet.

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Tony Cicoria

Anthony Cicoria, MD (born 1952) is an "acquired savant" — someone who exhibits savant skills after CNS injury or disease, as opposed to a person born with autistic disorder or other developmental disability.

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Transcranial magnetic stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a method in which a changing magnetic field is used to cause electric current to flow in a small region of the brain via electromagnetic induction.

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Visual memory

Visual memory describes the relationship between perceptual processing and the encoding, storage and retrieval of the resulting neural representations.

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Autistic Savant, Autistic savant, Autistic savantism, Autistic savants, Calendar savant, Calendrical savant, Idiot genius, Idiot savant, Prodigious Savant, Prodigious savant, Savant Syndrome, Savant abilities, Savant ability, Savantism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savant_syndrome

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