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Sea Launch

Index Sea Launch

Sea Launch is a multinational spacecraft launch service that used a mobile maritime launch platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on specialized Zenit-3SL rockets through 2014. [1]

109 relations: Aker Solutions, Amos-3, Aquarius (rocket), Ariane 5, Arianespace, Arms Export Control Act, Atlantic Bird, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Blok D, Bloomberg News, Boeing, Boeing 702, Boeing Defense, Space & Security, California, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cayman Islands, CFB Esquimalt, Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code, Chase Bank, Communications satellite, DemoSat, DirecTV, DirecTV-11, Dnipro, EchoStar, EchoStar X, Energia, Energia (corporation), English language, Equator, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Eutelsat, Eutelsat 70B, Expendable launch system, Federation of American Scientists, Galaxy 18, Galaxy 19, Galaxy 3C, Geostationary transfer orbit, Horizons-1, Hughes Aircraft Company, Hughes Communications, Intelsat, Intelsat 19, Intelsat 21, Intelsat 27, International Mobile Satellite Organization, International Studies Association, International Transport Workers' Federation, JCSAT-5A, ..., Jet blast deflector, Kiribati, Kiritimati, Koreasat 5, Launch pad, Launch Services Alliance, Layoff, Liberia, Long Beach, California, Low Earth orbit, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Moscow, NewSpace, Norway, NSS-8, Odyssey (launch platform), Operating cost, Orbital inclination change, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific Ocean, PanAmSat, Payload, Pendrell Corporation, Popular Mechanics, Roscosmos, Russia, Russian language, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), S7 Airlines, Sea Dragon (rocket), Sea Launch Commander, Seattle, Ship commissioning, SICRAL 1B, Space Foundation, Space launch, Spacecraft, Spaceway F1, Spaceway-3, SpaceX, SSL (company), Telstar, Telstar 14, The Christian Science Monitor, Thuraya, Tonne, Ukraine, United States, United States Customs Service, United States Department of State, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Victoria, British Columbia, World Bank Group, XM Satellite Radio, Yuzhmash, Yuzhnoye Design Office, Zenit (rocket family), Zenit-3SL, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. Expand index (59 more) »

Aker Solutions

Aker Solutions ASA, a Norwegian oil services company based in Oslo, provides oilfield products, systems and services worldwide for customers in the oil and gas industry.

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AMOS-3, also known as AMOS-60 is an Israeli communications satellite operated by Spacecom.

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Aquarius (rocket)

Aquarius was a low-cost launch vehicle concept designed by Space Systems/Loral to carry small, inexpensive payloads into LEO.

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Ariane 5

Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).

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Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world's first commercial launch service provider.

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Arms Export Control Act

The Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (Title II of, codified at) gives the President of the United States the authority to control the import and export of defense articles and defense services.

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Atlantic Bird

Atlantic Bird was a series of satellites operated by Eutelsat over the Atlantic Ocean.

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Baikonur Cosmodrome

Baikonur Cosmodrome (translit; translit) is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.

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Blok D

Blok D (Блок Д meaning Block D) is an upper stage used on Soviet and later Russian expendable launch systems, including the N1, Proton-K and Zenit.

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Bloomberg News

Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.

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The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.

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Boeing 702

Boeing 702 is a family of communication satellite bus designed and manufactured by the Boeing Satellite Development Center.

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Boeing Defense, Space & Security

Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS) is a division (business unit) of The Boeing Company.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.

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Cayman Islands

The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.

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CFB Esquimalt

Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt (CFB Esquimalt) is Canada's Pacific Coast naval base and home port to Maritime Forces Pacific and Joint Task Force Pacific Headquarters.

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Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code

Chapter 11 is a chapter of Title 11, the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States.

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Chase Bank

JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., doing business as Chase Bank, is a national bank headquartered in Manhattan, New York City, that constitutes the consumer and commercial banking subsidiary of the U.S. multinational banking and financial services holding company, JPMorgan Chase & Co.

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Communications satellite

A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.

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A DemoSat is a boilerplate spacecraft used to test a carrier rocket without risking a real satellite on the launch.

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DirecTV (stylized as DIRECTV) is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider based in El Segundo, California and is a subsidiary of AT&T.

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DirecTV-11, also known as D11, is a Boeing model 702 satellite built by the Boeing Satellite Development Center.

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Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.

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EchoStar Corporation is an American company, a worldwide provider of satellite communication solutions through its Hughes Network Systems and EchoStar Satellite Services business segments.

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EchoStar X

EchoStar X, also known as EchoStar 10, is an American geostationary communications satellite which is operated by EchoStar on behalf of Dish Network.

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Energia (Энергия, Energiya, "Energy") (GRAU 11K25) was a Soviet rocket that was designed by NPO Energia to serve as a heavy-lift partially recoverable launch system for a variety of payloads including the Buran spacecraft.

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Energia (corporation)

PAO S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia (Raketno-kosmicheskaya korporatsiya “Energiya” im.), also known as RSC Energia (РКК «Энергия», RKK “Energiya”), is a Russian manufacturer of ballistic missile, spacecraft and space station components.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).

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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is an international financial institution founded in 1991.

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Eutelsat S.A. is a European satellite operator.

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Eutelsat 70B

Eutelsat 70B is a commercial communications satellite run by Eutelsat.

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Expendable launch system

An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.

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Federation of American Scientists

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.

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Galaxy 18

Galaxy 18 is a Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) 1300-series hybrid communications satellite owned by Intelsat and located in geosynchronous orbit at 123° W longitude, serving the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico, and Canada with 24 C band, and 24 Ku band transponders.

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Galaxy 19

Galaxy 19 is a communications satellite owned by Intelsat located at 97° West longitude, serving the North American market.

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Galaxy 3C

Galaxy 3C (or PAS-9 and Galaxy 13) is a communications satellite operated by PanAmSat from 2000 to 2006, and by Intelsat from 2006 to today.

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Geostationary transfer orbit

A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.

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Horizons-1, also known as Galaxy 13, is a geostationary communications satellite operated by Intelsat and SKY Perfect JSAT Group (JSAT) which was designed and manufactured by Boeing on the BSS-601 platform.

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Hughes Aircraft Company

The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.

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Hughes Communications

Hughes Communications is a wholly owned subsidiary of EchoStar, headquartered in Germantown, Maryland.

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Intelsat, S.A. is a communications satellite services provider.

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Intelsat 19

Intelsat 19 is a geostationary communications satellite operated by Intelsat.

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Intelsat 21

Intelsat 21 is a communications satellite manufactured by Boeing Space Systems for the Intelsat Corp, based on the BSS-702MP platform.

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Intelsat 27

Intelsat 27 was an American communications satellite which was to have been operated by Intelsat.

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International Mobile Satellite Organization

The International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO) is the intergovernmental organization that oversees certain public satellite safety and security communication services provided via the Inmarsat satellites.

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International Studies Association

The International Studies Association (ISA) is a professional association for scholars, practitioners and graduate students in the field of international studies.

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International Transport Workers' Federation

The International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) is a global union federation of transport workers' trade unions, founded in 1896.

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JCSAT-5A or N-STAR d, known as JCSAT-9 before launch, is a geostationary communications satellite operated by SKY Perfect JSAT Group (JSAT) which was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Martin on the A2100 platform.

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Jet blast deflector

A jet blast deflector (JBD) or blast fence is a safety device that redirects the high energy exhaust from a jet engine to prevent damage and injury.

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Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati (Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati),.

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Kiritimati, or Christmas Island, is a Pacific Ocean raised coral atoll in the northern Line Islands.

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Koreasat 5

Koreasat 5 is a South Korean communications satellite operated by Koreasat.

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Launch pad

A launch pad is an above-ground platform from which a rocket-powered missile or space vehicle is vertically launched.

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Launch Services Alliance

Launch Services Alliance is a "back-up" launch service provider alliance between the Arianespace and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries established in 2003.

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A layoff is the temporary suspension or permanent termination of employment of an employee or, more commonly, a group of employees (collective layoff) for business reasons, such as personnel management or downsizing an organization.

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Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

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Long Beach, California

Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.

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Low Earth orbit

A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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NewSpace—formerly alt.space; also new space, entrepreneurial space, astropreneurship, and commercial space—are umbrella terms for a movement and philosophy encompassing a globally emerging, private spaceflight industry.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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NSS-8 was a Dutch telecommunications satellite that was destroyed during launch.

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Odyssey (launch platform)

L/P Odyssey is a self-propelled semi-submersible mobile spacecraft launch platform converted from a mobile drilling rig in 1997.

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Operating cost

Operating (Operational) costs are the expenses which are related to the operation of a business, or to the operation of a device, component, piece of equipment or facility.

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Orbital inclination change

Orbital inclination change is an orbital maneuver aimed at changing the inclination of an orbiting body's orbit.

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Pacific Islands Forum

The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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The former PanAmSat Corporation founded in 1984 by Reynold (Rene) Anselmo, was a satellite service provider headquartered in Greenwich, Connecticut.

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Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.

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Pendrell Corporation

Pendrell Corporation (NASDAQ:PCO) is a fully integrated intellectual property (IP) investment, advisory services and asset management firm.

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Popular Mechanics

Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular science and technology.

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The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Государственная корпорация по космической деятельности «Роскосмос»), commonly known as Roscosmos (Роскосмос), is a state corporation responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics program for the Russian Federation.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian language

Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

In February 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory.

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S7 Airlines

S7 Airlines, legally PJSC Siberia Airlines (ПАО «Авиакомпания "Сибирь"» "PАО Aviakompania Sibir"), is an airline headquartered in Ob, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, with offices in Moscow.

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Sea Dragon (rocket)

The Sea Dragon was a 1962 conceptualized design study for a two-stage sea-launched orbital super heavy-lift launch vehicle.

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Sea Launch Commander

Sea Launch Commander is the command ship for Sea Launch.

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Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.

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Ship commissioning

Ship commissioning is the act or ceremony of placing a ship in active service, and may be regarded as a particular application of the general concepts and practices of project commissioning.

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SICRAL 1B is a military communications satellite built by Thales Alenia Space for Italian Armed Forces.

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Space Foundation

Space Foundation is a Colorado-based nonprofit organization that advocates for all sectors of the global space industry through space awareness activities, educational programs and major industry events.

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Space launch

Space launch is the earliest part of a flight that reaches space.

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A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

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Spaceway F1

Spaceway F1 is part of DirecTV’s constellation of direct broadcast satellites.

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SPACEWAY-3 is a communications satellite which, as of August 2007, is undergoing on-orbit testing after its successful launch.

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Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.

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SSL (company)

SSL, formerly Space Systems/Loral, LLC (SS/L), of Palo Alto, California, is a wholly owned manufacturing subsidiary of Maxar Technologies.

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Telstar is the name of various communications satellites.

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Telstar 14

Telstar 14 or Estrela do Sul 1 (Southern Star 1) is a commercial communications satellite built by Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) for Telesat to provide Ku-band communications to South America and the Southern United States.

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The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.

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Thuraya (الثريا), from the Arabic name for the constellation of the Pleiades, "Thurayya", is a regional Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) provider.

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The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Customs Service

The United States Customs Service was an agency of the U.S. federal government that collected import tariffs and performed other selected border security duties.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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Vandenberg Air Force Base

Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.

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Victoria, British Columbia

Victoria, the capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, is on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast.

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World Bank Group

The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.

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XM Satellite Radio

XM Satellite Radio (XM) was one of the three satellite radio (SDARS) and online radio services in the United States and Canada, operated by Sirius XM Holdings.

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The Production Association Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant named after A.M. Makarov, PA Pivdenmash or PA Yuzhmash (Виробниче Об'єднання Південний Машинобудівний Завод імені О. М. Макарова) is a Ukrainian state-owned aerospace manufacturer.

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Yuzhnoye Design Office

Yuzhnoye Design Office (Державне конструкторське бюро «Південне» ім. М. К. Янгеля; Констру́кторское бюро́ «Ю́жное»), located in Dnipro, Ukraine, is a designer of satellites and rockets, and formerly of Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) established by Mikhail Yangel.

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Zenit (rocket family)

Zenit (Зеніт, Зени́т; meaning Zenith) is a family of space launch vehicles designed by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Dnipro, Ukraine, which was then part of the Soviet Union.

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The Zenit-3SL is an expendable carrier rocket operated by Sea Launch.

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2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

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Sea launch, SeaLaunch, Sealaunch.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Launch

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