415 relations: Abalone, Abomination (Bible), Alaska pollock, Albacore, Algae, Alosinae, Alum, American lobster, American shad, Amino acid, Ammonia, Anarhichadidae, Anchovy, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Andrew Dalby, Antenna (biology), Aquaculture, Aquaculture of giant kelp, Aquarium, Aquarium fish feed, Aquatic ecosystem, Aquatic mammal, Aquatic plant, Archaeology, Arctic char, Argopecten irradians, Ascidiacea, Asian supermarket, Athenaeus, Atlantic blue marlin, Atlantic bluefin tuna, Atlantic croaker, Atlantic mackerel, Atlantic salmon, Étretat, Barracuda, Barramundi, Basa (fish), Batoidea, Biomagnification, Bivalvia, Black sea bass, Blue grenadier, Blue mussel, Bluefin tuna, Bone, Boris Worm, Bottom feeder, Bream, ..., Brown algae, Calcareous, Cancer irroratus, Canning, Carapace, Carp, Cartilage, Catfish, Catholic Church, Cave painting, Cephalopod, Cephalopod ink, Chela (organ), Chinese cuisine, Chinook salmon, Chionoecetes, Chitin, Chum salmon, Clam, Cobia, Cockle (bivalve), Cod, Coho salmon, Cold chain, Commercial fish feed, Common periwinkle, Common sole, Complete protein, Compound eye, Conch, Constantinople, Coronary artery disease, Crab, Crab fisheries, Crayfish, Critically endangered, Crocodile, Crustacean, Culinary name, Culture of microalgae in hatcheries, Cusk (fish), Cuttlefish, Cyanobacteria, Dalhousie University, Decapitation, Decapod anatomy, Decapoda, Decomposition, Demersal fish, Desiccation, Diet (nutrition), Digit (anatomy), Dolphin, Dolphin drive hunting, Dory (fish), Dried shredded squid, Duck, Dungeness crab, Eastern oyster, Ecdysis, Echinoderm, Echiura, Edible seaweed, Eel, Egyptians, Escolar, Esox, European bass, Exoskeleton, Eyestalk, Faroe Islands, Fasting and abstinence in the Catholic Church, Fertilizer, Filter feeder, Fin whale, Fish, Fish as food, Fish farming, Fish fillet, Fish fry, Fish hatchery, Fish market, Fish migration, Fish oil, Fish processing, FishBase, Fishing, Flatfish, Flathead grey mullet, Flounder, Food, Food allergy, Food Allergy Research & Education, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Drug Administration, Food chain, Food preservation, Food Standards Agency, Forage fish, French cuisine, Fresh water, Freshwater fish, Freshwater prawn farming, Friend of the Sea, Frog, Garum, Gastropod shell, Gastropoda, Genypterus capensis, Geoduck, Giacomo Casanova, Gill, Goatfish, Gonad, Got Mercury?, Green algae, Grouper, Guangzhou, Haddock, Hake, Halibut, Hanafi, Hanbali, Hard clam, Harpoon, Herring, Homo sapiens, Hong Kong, Hunter-gatherer, Hunting, Hybrid striped bass, Ice cube, Iceland, Icelandic cuisine, Invertebrate, Irish cuisine, Islamic dietary laws, Isurus, Japan, Japanese amberjack, Japanese cuisine, Jellyfish, Jellyfish as food, John Wiley & Sons, Jonah crab, Judaism, Kashrut, Kelp, King crab, King mackerel, Kipper, Korean cuisine, Krill, Krill fishery, Lake Copais, Lake whitefish, Lamprey, Lancelet, Laver (seaweed), Lent, Lepenski Vir, Limb (anatomy), Limpet, Lingcod, List of commercially important fish species, List of fish dishes, List of raw fish dishes, List of seafood companies, List of seafood dishes, Lists of foods, Live fish trade, Lobster, Lobster fishing, Long-finned pilot whale, Lophius, Lutjanidae, Mackerel, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Macroscopic scale, Mahi-mahi, Mariculture, Marine life, Marine mammal, Marine mammals as food, Marine reptile, Marlin, Mary Ellen Snodgrass, Meat, Menhaden, Mercury (element), Mercury poisoning, Merriam-Webster, Methylmercury, Microalgae, Midden, Middle Ages, Minamata disease, Minamata, Kumamoto, Mollusc shell, Mollusca, Mosaic, Mosaic covenant, Mucous membrane, Mussel, National Fisheries Institute, Neanderthal, Nekton, Nile, Nile perch, North America, North Sea, Northern red snapper, Norwegian cuisine, Nunavut, Oceana (non-profit group), Octopus, Octopus as food, Oil, Oily fish, Omega-3 fatty acid, Opah, Oppian, Orange roughy, Ostrea edulis, Overexploitation, Oyster, Oyster bar, Oyster farming, Pacific oyster, Paleolithic, Pandalus borealis, Papyrus, Parrotfish, Parvenu, Patagonian toothfish, Pelagic fish, Penaeus, Penaeus monodon, Perna canaliculus, Pescetarianism, Phys.org, Phytoplankton, Pink salmon, Pinnacle Point, Placopecten magellanicus, Plate armour, Polyamine, Pompano, Portugal, Portunus armatus, Predation, Predatory fish, Protein, Radiocontrast agent, Rainbow smelt, Rainbow trout, Ranina ranina, Raw bar, Ray Hilborn, Red algae, Red mullet, Refrigeration, Refrigerator car, Refrigerator truck, Restaurant, Rhizostomae, Ringed seal, River, Roe, Rose fish, Rostrum (anatomy), Sablefish, Safe Harbor Certified Seafood, Salmon, Salmon run, Salt, Salting (food), Sardine, Satyricon, Scallop, Sciaenidae, Science (journal), Scup, Scyphozoa, Sea cucumber, Sea cucumber as food, Sea snail, Sea turtle, Sea urchin, Seabed, Seafood restaurant, Seafood Watch, Seal hunting, Seaweed, Seaweed farming, Sebastidae, Shafi‘i, Shark, Shark meat, Shelf life, Shellfish, Shellfish poisoning, Shrimp, Shrimp and prawn as food, Shrimp farming, Shrimp fishery, Sicyonia brevirostris, Skate (fish), Sockeye salmon, Soft-shell clam, South Africa, Species, Spiny lobster, Spirulina (dietary supplement), Spirulina (genus), Sprat, Squalidae, Squat lobster, Squid, Squid as food, Starfish, Stingray, Stockfish, Sturgeon, Surf clam, Swarm behaviour, Swordfish, Taiji, Wakayama, Test (biology), The Acharnians, The Japan Times, The Oxford Companion to Food, The Washington Post, Thomas Aquinas, Threadfin, Tianyuan man, Tilapia, Tilefish, Time temperature indicator, Tomb, Tonne, Transport, Trimalchio, Trout, Tube feet, Tuna, Turbot, United Kingdom, United Nations Environment Programme, University of Washington, Urechis unicinctus, Valve (mollusc), Vertebrate, Virginia, Wahoo, Walleye, Water column, Welsh cuisine, Whale meat, Whelk, Whiteleg shrimp, Wild fisheries, Yellow perch, Yellowfin tuna, Zinc. 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Abalone (or; via Spanish abulón, from Rumsen aulón) is a common name for any of a group of small to very large sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Haliotidae.
Abomination (from Latin abominare, "to deprecate as an ill omen") is an English term used to translate the Biblical Hebrew terms shiqquts שיקוץ and sheqets שקץ, which are derived from shâqats, or the terms תֹּועֵבָה, tōʻēḇā or to'e'va (noun) or ta'ev (verb).
The Alaska pollock or walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) is a marine fish species of the cod family Gadidae.
The albacore (Thunnus alalunga), known also as the longfin tuna, is a species of tuna of the order Perciformes.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
The Alosinae, or the shads, ITIS are a subfamily of fishes in the herring family Clupeidae.
An alum is a type of chemical compound, usually a hydrated double sulfate salt of aluminium with the general formula, where X is a monovalent cation such as potassium or ammonium.
The American lobster (Homarus americanus) is a species of lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America, chiefly from Labrador to New Jersey.
The American shad (Alosa sapidissima) is a species of anadromous clupeid fish naturally distributed on the North American coast of the North Atlantic, from Newfoundland to Florida, and as an introduced species on the North Pacific coast.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
The wolffish, also known as sea wolves, are a family, Anarhichadidae, of perciform fish.
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrew Dalby, (born 1947 in Liverpool) is an English linguist, translator and historian who has written articles and several books on a wide range of topics including food history, language, and Classical texts.
Antennae (singular: antenna), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, has been utilized for many years as a food source;Abbott 1996Gutierrez et al. 2006 it contains many compounds such as iodine, potassium, other minerals vitamins and carbohydrates and thus has also been used as a dietary supplement.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Aquarium fish feed is plant or animal material intended for consumption by pet fish kept in aquariums or ponds.
An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water.
Aquatic and semiaquatic mammals are a diverse group of mammals that dwell partly or entirely in bodies of water.
Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Arctic char or Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is a cold-water fish in the family Salmonidae, native to alpine lakes and arctic and subarctic coastal waters.
Argopecten irradians, formerly classified as Aequipecten irradians, common names Atlantic bay scallop or bay scallop, is an edible species of saltwater clam, a scallop, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Pectinidae, the scallops.
Ascidiacea (commonly known as the ascidians or sea squirts) is a paraphyletic class in the subphylum Tunicata of sac-like marine invertebrate filter feeders.
An Asian supermarket is a category of grocery stores in Western countries that stocks items imported from the multiple countries in East, South and Southeast Asia.
Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.
The Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) is a species of marlin endemic to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna in the family Scombridae.
The Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) is a species of marine ray-finned fish belonging to the family Sciaenidae and is closely related to the black drum (Pogonias cromis), the silver perch (Bairdiella chrysoura), the spot croaker (Leiostomus xanthurus), the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), the spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus), and the weakfish (Cynoscion regalis).
The Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus), also known as Boston mackerel, Norwegian mackerel, Scottish mackerel or just mackerel, is a species of mackerel found in the temperate waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the northern Atlantic Ocean, where it is extremely common and occurs in huge shoals in the pelagic zone down to about.
The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.
Étretat is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in Normandy in north-western France.
The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size, fearsome appearance and ferocious behaviour.
The barramundi (Lates calcarifer) or Asian sea bass, is a species of catadromous fish in family Latidae of order Perciformes.
Basa (Pangasius bocourti) is a species of catfish in the family Pangasiidae.
Batoidea is a superorder of cartilaginous fish commonly known as rays.
Biomagnification, also known as bioamplification or biological magnification, is the increasing concentration of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in the tissues of tolerant organisms at successively higher levels in a food chain.
Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.
The black sea bass (Centropristis striata) is an exclusively marine grouper found more commonly in northern than in southern ranges.
The blue grenadier, hoki, blue hake, New Zealand whiptail, whiptail or whiptail hake (Macruronus novaezelandiae) is a merluccid hake of the family Merlucciidae found around southern Australia and New Zealand, as well as off both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of South America from Peru to Brazil at depths of between.
The blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), also known as the common mussel, is a medium-sized edible marine bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae, the mussels.
Bluefin tuna is a common name used to refer to several species of tuna of the genus Thunnus.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
Boris Worm is a marine ecologist and Killam Research Professor at Dalhousie University; Halifax, Canada.
A bottom feeder is an aquatic animal that feeds on or near the bottom of a body of water.
Bream is a general term for a species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, or Scolopsis.
The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.
Calcareous is an adjective meaning "mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate", in other words, containing lime or being chalky.
Cancer irroratus (common name the Atlantic rock crab or peekytoe crab) is a crab in the genus Cancer.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
A carapace is a dorsal (upper) section of the exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups, including arthropods, such as crustaceans and arachnids, as well as vertebrates, such as turtles and tortoises.
Carp are various species of oily freshwater fish from the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia.
Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.
Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cave paintings, also known as parietal art, are painted drawings on cave walls or ceilings, mainly of prehistoric origin, beginning roughly 40,000 years ago (around 38,000 BCE) in Eurasia.
A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.
Cephalopod ink is a dark pigment released into water by most species of cephalopod, usually as an escape mechanism.
A chela, also named claw, nipper, or pincer, is a pincer-like organ terminating certain limbs of some arthropods.
Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.
The Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) is the largest species in the Pacific salmon genus Oncorhynchus.
Chionoecetes is a genus of crabs that live in the northern Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
Chitin (C8H13O5N)n, a long-chain polymer of ''N''-acetylglucosamine, is a derivative of glucose.
The chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family.
Clam is a common name for several kinds of bivalve molluscs.
The cobia (Rachycentron canadum) is a species of perciform marine fish, the only representative of the genus Rachycentron and the family Rachycentridae.
A cockle is a small, edible, marine bivalve mollusc.
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
The coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch; Karuk: achvuun) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family, one of the several species of Pacific salmon.
A cold chain or cool chain is a temperature-controlled supply chain.
Manufactured feeds are an important part of modern commercial aquaculture, providing the balanced nutrition needed by farmed fish.
The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible whelk or sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family Littorinidae, the periwinkles.
The common sole, Dover sole, or black sole (Solea solea) is a species of flatfish in the family Soleidae.
A complete protein (or whole protein) is a source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of all nine of the essential amino acids necessary for the dietary needs of an organism.
A compound eye is a visual organ found in arthropods such as insects and crustaceans.
Conch is a common name that is applied to a number of different medium to large-sized shells.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.
Crab fisheries are fisheries which capture or farm crabs.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Culinary names, menu names, or kitchen names are names of foods used in the preparation or selling of food, as opposed to their names in agriculture or in scientific nomenclature.
Microalgae or microscopic algae grow in either marine or freshwater systems.
The cusk or tusk (Brosme brosme) is a North Atlantic cod-like fish in the ling family Lotidae.
Cuttlefish or cuttles are marine animals of the order Sepiida. They belong to the class Cephalopoda, which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses. Cuttlefish have a unique internal shell, the cuttlebone. Despite their name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs. Cuttlefish have large, W-shaped pupils, eight arms, and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they secure their prey. They generally range in size from, with the largest species, Sepia apama, reaching in mantle length and over in mass. Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish, octopus, worms, and other cuttlefish. Their predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals, seabirds, and other cuttlefish. The average life expectancy of a cuttlefish is about one to two years. Recent studies indicate cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrates. (television program) NOVA, PBS, April 3, 2007. Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body size ratios of all invertebrates. The 'cuttle' in 'cuttlefish' comes from the Old English name for the species, cudele, which may be cognate with the Old Norse koddi ('cushion') and the Middle Low German Kudel ('rag'). The Greco-Roman world valued the cuttlefish as a source of the unique brown pigment the creature releases from its siphon when it is alarmed. The word for it in both Greek and Latin, sepia, now refers to the reddish-brown color sepia in English.
Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.
Dalhousie University (commonly known as Dal) is a public research university in Nova Scotia, Canada, with three campuses in Halifax, a fourth in Bible Hill, and medical teaching facilities in Saint John, New Brunswick.
Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body.
The decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp or prawn, is made up of 20 body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the pleon (abdomen).
The Decapoda or decapods (literally "ten-footed") are an order of crustaceans within the class Malacostraca, including many familiar groups, such as crayfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, and shrimp.
Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler organic matter.
Demersal fish live and feed on or near the bottom of seas or lakes (the demersal zone).
Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.
In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
A digit is one of several most distal parts of a limb, such as fingers or toes, present in many vertebrates.
Dolphins are a widely distributed and diverse group of aquatic mammals.
Dolphin drive hunting, also called dolphin drive fishing, is a method of hunting dolphins and occasionally other small cetaceans by driving them together with boats and then usually into a bay or onto a beach.
The common name dory (from the Middle English dorre, from the Middle French doree, lit. "gilded one") is shared (officially and colloquially) by members of several different families of large-eyed, silvery, deep-bodied, laterally compressed, and roughly discoid marine fish.
Dried shredded squid is a dried, shredded, seasoned, seafood product, made from squid or cuttlefish, commonly found in coastal Asian countries, Russia, and Hawaii.
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
The Dungeness crab, Metacarcinus magister (the naming convention recognized by WoRMS) or Cancer magister (the naming convention recognized by ITIS), is a species of crab that inhabits eelgrass beds and water bottoms on the west coast of North America.
The eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)—also called Wellfleet oyster, Atlantic oyster, Virginia oyster, or American oyster—is a species of true oyster native to the eastern seaboard and Gulf of Mexico coast of North America.
Ecdysis is the moulting of the cuticle in many invertebrates of the clade Ecdysozoa.
Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.
The Echiura, or spoon worms, are a small group of marine animals.
Edible seaweed, or sea vegetables, are algae that can be eaten and used in the preparation of food.
An eel is any ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.
Egyptians (مَصريين;; مِصريّون; Ni/rem/en/kīmi) are an ethnic group native to Egypt and the citizens of that country sharing a common culture and a common dialect known as Egyptian Arabic.
The escolar, Lepidocybium flavobrunneum, a species of fish in the family Gempylidae, is found in deep tropical and temperate waters around the world.
Esox is a genus of freshwater fish, the only living genus in the family Esocidae—the esocids which were endemic to North America and Eurasia during the Paleogene through present.
The European bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish native to the waters off Europe's western and southern and Africa's northern coasts, though it can also be found in shallow coastal waters and river mouths during the summer months.
An exoskeleton (from Greek έξω, éxō "outer" and σκελετός, skeletós "skeleton") is the external skeleton that supports and protects an animal's body, in contrast to the internal skeleton (endoskeleton) of, for example, a human.
In anatomy, an eyestalk (sometimes spelled as eye stalk or known as an ommatophore) is a protrusion that extends the eye away from the body, giving the eye a better field of vision.
The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.
The Catholic Church historically observes the disciplines of fasting and abstinence at various times each year.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.
The fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), also known as finback whale or common rorqual and formerly known as herring whale or razorback whale, is a marine mammal belonging to the parvorder of baleen whales.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Many species of fish are consumed as food in virtually all regions around the world.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
A fish fillet, from the French word filet meaning a thread or strip, is the flesh of a fish which has been cut or sliced away from the bone by cutting lengthwise along one side of the fish parallel to the backbone.
A fish fry is a meal containing battered or breaded fried fish.
A fish hatchery is a place for artificial breeding, hatching, and rearing through the early life stages of animals—finfish and shellfish in particular.
A fish market is a marketplace for selling fish products.
Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.
Fish oil is oil derived from the tissues of oily fish.
The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer.
FishBase is a global species database of fish species (specifically finfish).
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
A flatfish is a member of the order Pleuronectiformes of ray-finned demersal fishes, also called the Heterosomata, sometimes classified as a suborder of Perciformes.
The flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) is an important food fish species in the mullet family Mugilidae.
Flounders are a group of flatfish species.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.
Food Allergy Research & Education (FARE) is the world’s largest non-profit organization dedicated to food allergy awareness, education, research, and advocacy; the group provides information, programs, and resources about food allergies and anaphylaxis.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Forage fish, also called prey fish or bait fish, are small pelagic fish which are preyed on by larger predators for food.
French cuisine consists of the cooking traditions and practices from France.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as rivers and lakes, with a salinity of less than 0.05%.
A freshwater prawn farm is an aquaculture business designed to raise and produce freshwater prawns or shrimp for human consumption.
Friend of the Sea is a project for the certification and promotion of seafood from sustainable fisheries and sustainable aquaculture.
A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (Ancient Greek ἀν-, without + οὐρά, tail).
Garum was a fermented fish sauce used as a condiment in the cuisines of ancient Greece, Rome, and later Byzantium.
The gastropod shell is part of the body of a gastropod or snail, a kind of mollusc.
The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.
Genypterus capensis (Smith, 1847), commonly known as kingklip, is a species of cusk eel occurring along the Southern African coast from Walvis Bay in Namibia to Algoa Bay in South Africa, and is closely related to Genypterus blacodes from New Zealand.
The Pacific geoduck, scientific name Panopea generosa, is a species of very large, edible saltwater clam in the family Hiatellidae.
Giacomo Girolamo Casanova (or; 2 April 1725 – 4 June 1798) was an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice.
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
The goatfishes are perciform fish of the family Mullidae.
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.
Got Mercury? is a public awareness campaign about mercury levels in seafood.
The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.
Groupers are fish of any of a number of genera in the subfamily Epinephelinae of the family Serranidae, in the order Perciformes.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
The haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a saltwater fish from the family Gadidae, the true cods, it is the only species in the monotypic genus Melanogrammus.
The term hake refers to fish in either of.
Halibut is a common name principally applied to the two flatfish in the genus Hippoglossus from the family of right-eye flounders.
The Hanafi (حنفي) school is one of the four religious Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).
The Hanbali school (المذهب الحنبلي) is one of the four traditional Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).
The hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria), also known as a quahog (or quahaug), round clam, or hard-shell (or hard-shelled) clam, is an edible marine bivalve mollusc that is native to the eastern shores of North America and Central America, from Prince Edward Island to the Yucatán Peninsula.
A harpoon is a long spear-like instrument used in fishing, whaling, sealing, and other marine hunting to catch large fish or marine mammals such as whales.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
A hybrid striped bass, also known as a wiper or whiterock bass, is a hybrid between the striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and the white bass (M. chrysops).
An ice cube is a small, roughly cube-shaped piece of ice (frozen water), conventionally used to cool beverages.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Icelandic cuisine, the cuisine of Iceland, has a long history.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Irish cuisine is the style of cooking that originated from Ireland, or was developed by the Irish people.
Islamic jurisprudence specifies which foods are halāl (حَلَال "lawful") and which are harām (حَرَامْ "unlawful").
Isurus is a genus of mackerel sharks in the family Lamnidae, commonly known as the mako sharks.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Japanese amberjack or yellowtail, Seriola quinqueradiata, is a species of jack fish in the family Carangidae.
Japanese cuisine encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan, which have developed through centuries of social and economic changes.
Jellyfish or sea jelly is the informal common name given to the medusa-phase of certain gelatinous members of the subphylum Medusozoa, a major part of the phylum Cnidaria.
Some species of jellyfish are suitable for human consumption and are used as a source of food and as an ingredient in various dishes.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The Jonah crab (Cancer borealis) is a marine brachyuran crab that inhabits waters along the east coast of North America from Newfoundland to Florida.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.
King crabs are a taxon of crab-like decapod crustaceans chiefly found in cold seas.
The king mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla) is a migratory species of mackerel of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.
A kipper is a whole herring, a small, oily fish, that has been split in a butterfly fashion from tail to head along the dorsal ridge, gutted, salted or pickled, and cold-smoked over smouldering woodchips (typically oak).
Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.
Krill are small crustaceans of the order Euphausiacea, and are found in all the world's oceans.
The krill fishery is the commercial fishery of krill, small shrimp-like marine animals that live in the oceans world-wide.
Lake Copais, also spelled Kopais or Kopaida (Κωπαΐς; Κωπαΐδα), was a lake in the centre of Boeotia, Greece, west of Thebes.
The lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) is a species of freshwater whitefish from North America.
Lampreys (sometimes also called, inaccurately, lamprey eels) are an ancient lineage of jawless fish of the order Petromyzontiformes, placed in the superclass Cyclostomata.
The lancelets — also known as amphioxi (singular, amphioxus) consist of about 32 species of fish-like marine chordates in the order Amphioxiformes.
Laver is an edible, littoral alga (seaweed).
Lent (Latin: Quadragesima: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday.
Lepenski Vir (Лепенски Вир, "Lepena Whirlpool"), located in Serbia, is an important archaeological site of the Mesolithic Iron Gates culture of the Balkans.
A limb (from the Old English lim), or extremity, is a jointed, or prehensile (as octopus arms or new world monkey tails), appendage of the human or other animal body.
Limpets are aquatic snails with a shell that is broadly conical in shape and a strong, muscular foot.
The lingcod or ling cod (Ophiodon elongatus), also known as the buffalo cod or cultus cod, is a fish of the greenling family Hexagrammidae.
This is a list of aquatic animals that are harvested commercially in the greatest amounts, listed in order of tonnage per year (2012) by the Food and Agriculture Organization.
This is a list of notable fish dishes.
This article is about raw fish or shellfish.
This is a list of seafood companies.
This is a list of notable seafood dishes.
This is a categorically-organized list of foods.
The live fish trade can refer to the live food fish trade (for human consumption) or to the ornamental fish trade (for aquariums).
Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.
Lobsters are widely fished around the world for their meat.
The long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas) is a large species of oceanic dolphin.
Members of the genus Lophius, also sometimes called monkfish, fishing-frogs, frog-fish, and sea-devils, are various species of lophiid anglerfishes found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Snappers are a family of perciform fish, Lutjanidae, mainly marine, but with some members inhabiting estuaries, feeding in fresh water.
Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii, also known as the giant river prawn or giant freshwater prawn, is a commercially important species of palaemonid freshwater prawn.
The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.
The mahi-mahi or common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish found in off-shore temperate, tropical, and subtropical waters worldwide.
Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater.
Marine life, or sea life or ocean life, is the plants, animals and other organisms that live in the salt water of the sea or ocean, or the brackish water of coastal estuaries.
Marine mammals are aquatic mammals that rely on the ocean and other marine ecosystems for their existence.
Marine mammals are a food source in many countries around the world.
Reptiles that live in the sea. Marine reptiles are reptiles which have become secondarily adapted for an aquatic or semiaquatic life in a marine environment.
A marlin is a fish from the family Istiophoridae, which includes about 10 species.
Mary Ellen Snodgrass (born February 29, 1944) is an American author born in Wilmington, North Carolina to William Russell and Lucy Ella (Hester) Robinson.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Menhaden, also known as mossbunker and bunker, are forage fish of the genera Brevoortia and Ethmidium, two genera of marine fish in the family Clupeidae.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Mercury poisoning is a type of metal poisoning due to mercury exposure.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Methylmercury (sometimes methyl mercury) is an organometallic cation with the formula.
Microalgae or microphytes are microscopic algae, typically found in freshwater and marine systems, living in both the water column and sediment.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
, sometimes referred to as, is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning.
is a city located in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.
The mollusc (or molluskOften spelled mollusk shell in the USA; the spelling "mollusc" are preferred by) shell is typically a calcareous exoskeleton which encloses, supports and protects the soft parts of an animal in the phylum Mollusca, which includes snails, clams, tusk shells, and several other classes.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
The Mosaic covenant (named after Moses), also known as the Sinaitic Covenant (named after the biblical Mount Sinai), refers to a biblical covenant between God and the biblical Israelites, including their proselytes.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats.
The National Fisheries Institute (NFI) is the United States industry trade group representing the seafood industry.
Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.
Nekton or necton refers to the aggregate of actively swimming aquatic organisms in a body of water.
The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.
The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) is a species of freshwater fish in family Latidae of order Perciformes.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The northern red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) is a species of snapper native to the western Atlantic Ocean including the Gulf of Mexico, where it inhabits environments associated with reefs.
Norwegian cuisine in its traditional form is based largely on the raw materials readily available in Norway and its mountains, wilderness, and coast.
Nunavut (Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada.
Oceana is the largest international ocean conservation and advocacy organization.
The octopus (or ~) is a soft-bodied, eight-armed mollusc of the order Octopoda.
Humans of many cultures eat octopus.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Oily fish have oil in their tissues and in the belly cavity around the gut.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
Opahs (also commonly known as moonfish, sunfish (not to be confused with Molidae), kingfish, redfin ocean pan, and Jerusalem haddock) are large, colorful, deep-bodied pelagic lampriform fishes comprising the small family Lampridae (also spelled Lamprididae).
Oppian (Ὀππιανός, Oppianós; Oppianus), also known as Oppian of Anazarbus, of Corycus, or of Cilicia, was a 2nd-century Greco-Roman poet during the reign of the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Commodus.
The orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus), also known as the red roughy, slimehead and deep sea perch, is a relatively large deep-sea fish belonging to the slimehead family (Trachichthyidae).
Ostrea edulis is a species of oyster native to Europe and commonly known as the European flat oyster, Colchester native oyster (hence Colchester natives), mud oyster, or edible oyster (despite this latter name it is not the only oyster that is edible by humans).
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.
An oyster bar, also known as an oyster saloon, oyster house or a raw bar, is a restaurant specializing in serving oysters, or a section of a restaurant which serves oysters buffet-style.
Oyster farming is an aquaculture (or mariculture) practice in which oysters are raised for human consumption.
The Pacific oyster, Japanese oyster, or Miyagi oyster (Magallana gigas) previously and currently also known as Crassostrea gigas, considered by part of the scientific community to be the proper denomination, an accepted alternative in.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Pandalus borealis is a species of caridean shrimp found in cold parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.
Parrotfishes are a group of marine species found in relatively shallow tropical and subtropical oceans around the world.
A parvenu is a person who is a relative newcomer to a socioeconomic class.
The Patagonian toothfish, Dissostichus eleginoides, is a species of cod icefish found in cold waters between depths of in the southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans and Southern Ocean on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub-Antarctic islands.
Pelagic fish live in the pelagic zone of ocean or lake waters – being neither close to the bottom nor near the shore – in contrast with demersal fish, which do live on or near the bottom, and reef fish, which are associated with coral reefs.
Penaeus is a genus of Papus, including the giant tiger prawn (P. monodon), the most important species of farmed crustacean worldwide.
Penaeus monodon, commonly known as the giant tiger prawn or Asian tiger shrimp (and also known by other common names), is a marine crustacean that is widely reared for food.
The New Zealand green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus), also known as the New Zealand mussel, the greenshell mussel, kuku, and kutai, is a bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae (the true mussels).
Pescetarianism (also spelled pescatarianism) is the practice of following a diet that includes fish or other seafood, but not the flesh of other animals.
Phys.org is a science, research and technology news aggregator where much of the content is republished directly from press releases and news agencies-in a practice known as churnalism.
Phytoplankton are the autotrophic (self-feeding) components of the plankton community and a key part of oceans, seas and freshwater basin ecosystems.
Pink salmon or humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) is a species of anadromous fish in the salmon family.
Pinnacle Point a small promontory immediately south of Mossel Bay, a town on the southern coast of South Africa.
Placopecten magellanicus, the Atlantic deep-sea scallop (previously known as Pecten tenuicostatus and as Pecten grandis and once referred to as the "giant scallop") is a commercially important pectinid bivalve mollusk native to the northwest Atlantic Ocean.
Plate armor is a historical type of personal body armour made from iron or steel plates, culminating in the iconic suit of armour entirely encasing the wearer.
A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups.
Pompanos are marine fishes in the genus Trachinotus in the family Carangidae (better known as "jacks").
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portunus armatus (formerly Portunus pelagicus), also known as the flower crab, blue crab, blue swimmer crab, blue manna crab or sand crab, rajungan in Indonesian, and alimasag in Tagalog, is a large crab found in the intertidal estuaries around most of Australia and east to New Caledonia.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Predatory fish are fish that prey upon other fish or animals.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Radiocontrast agents are substances used to enhance the visibility of internal structures in X-ray-based imaging techniques such as computed tomography (contrast CT), projectional radiography, and fluoroscopy.
The rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) is a species of fish of the family Osmeridae.
The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a trout and species of salmonid native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.
Ranina ranina, also known as the (red) frog crab or spanner crab, is a species of crab found throughout tropical and subtropical habitats.
A raw bar is a small restaurant or a bar within a restaurant where live raw shellfish are shucked and served.
Ray Hilborn (born 1947) is a marine biologist and fisheries scientist, known for his work on conservation and natural resource management in the context of fisheries.
The red algae, or Rhodophyta, are one of the oldest groups of eukaryotic algae.
The red mullets or surmullets are two species of goatfish, Mullus barbatus and Mullus surmuletus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, east North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
A refrigerator car (or "reefer") is a refrigerated boxcar (U.S.), a piece of railroad rolling stock designed to carry perishable freight at specific temperatures.
A refrigerator truck is a van or truck designed to carry perishable freight at specific temperatures.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Rhizostomae or Rhizostomeae is an order of jellyfish.
The ringed seal (Pusa hispida or Phoca hispida), also known as the jar seal and as netsik or nattiq by the Inuit, is an earless seal (family: Phocidae) inhabiting the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
Roe or hard roe is the fully ripe internal egg masses in the ovaries, or the released external egg masses of fish and certain marine animals, such as shrimp, scallop and sea urchins.
The rose fish (Sebastes norvegicus), also known as the ocean perch, Atlantic redfish, Norway haddock, red perch, red bream, golden redfish or hemdurgan, is a deep sea species of rockfish from the North Atlantic.
In anatomy, the term rostrum (from the Latin rostrum meaning beak) is used for a number of phylogenetically unrelated structures in different groups of animals.
The sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) is one of two members of the fish family Anoplopomatidae and the only species in the genus Anoplopoma.
Safe Harbor Certified Seafood is the first brand developed under San Rafael, California based Micro Analytical Systems, Inc.
Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.
Fishermen capture running salmon with netsbefore tagging and releasing them --> The salmon run is the time when salmon, which have migrated from the ocean, swim to the upper reaches of rivers where they spawn on gravel beds.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Salting is the preservation of food with dry edible salt.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
The Satyricon, or Satyricon liber (The Book of Satyrlike Adventures), is a Latin work of fiction believed to have been written by Gaius Petronius, though the manuscript tradition identifies the author as Titus Petronius.
Scallop is a common name that is primarily applied to any one of numerous species of saltwater clams or marine bivalve mollusks in the taxonomic family Pectinidae, the scallops.
The Sciaenidae are a family of fish commonly called drums or croakers in reference to the repetitive throbbing or drumming sounds they make.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
The scup (Stenotomus chrysops) is a fish which occurs primarily in the Atlantic from Massachusetts to South Carolina.
The Scyphozoa are an exclusively marine class of the phylum Cnidaria, referred to as the true jellyfish (or "true jellies").
Sea cucumbers are echinoderms from the class Holothuroidea.
Sea cucumbers are marine animals of the class Holothuroidea.
Sea snail is a common name for snails that normally live in saltwater, in other words marine gastropods.
Sea turtles (superfamily Chelonioidea), sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order Testudines.
Sea urchins or urchins are typically spiny, globular animals, echinoderms in the class Echinoidea.
The seabed (also known as the seafloor, sea floor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean.
A seafood restaurant is a restaurant that specializes in seafood cuisine and seafood dishes, such as fish and shellfish.
Seafood Watch is one of the best known sustainable seafood advisory lists, and has influenced similar programs around the world.
Seal hunting, or sealing, is the personal or commercial hunting of seals.
Seaweed or macroalgae refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellular, marine algae.
Seaweed farming is the practice of cultivating and harvesting seaweed.
Sebastidae is a family of marine fish in the order Scorpaeniformes.
The Shafi‘i (شافعي, alternative spelling Shafei) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.
Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head.
Shark meat is a seafood consisting of the flesh of sharks.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
Shellfish poisoning includes four (4) syndromes that share some common features and are primarily associated with bivalve molluscs (such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops.) These shellfish are filter feeders and, therefore, accumulate toxins produced by microscopic algae, such as cyanobacteria, diatoms and dinoflagellates.
The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.
Shrimp and prawn are important types of seafood that are consumed worldwide.
Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns (crustaceans of the groups Caridea or Dendrobranchiata) for human consumption.
The shrimp fishery is a major global industry, with more than 3.4 million tons caught per year, chiefly in Asia.
Sicyonia brevirostris, the brown rock shrimp, is a species of prawn.
Skates are cartilaginous fish belonging to the family Rajidae in the superorder Batoidea of rays.
Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), also called red salmon, kokanee salmon, or blueback salmon, is an anadromous species of salmon found in the Northern Pacific Ocean and rivers discharging into it.
Soft-shell clams (American English) or sand gaper (British English/Europe), scientific name Mya arenaria, popularly called "steamers", "softshells", "longnecks", "piss clams", "Ipswich clams", or "Essex clams" are a species of edible saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Myidae.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Spiny lobsters, also known as langustas, langouste, or rock lobsters, are a family (Palinuridae) of about 60 species of achelate crustaceans, in the Decapoda Reptantia.
Spirulina represents a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and other animals.
Spirulina is a genus of cyanobacteria.
A sprat is the common name applied to a group of forage fish belonging to the genus Sprattus in the family Clupeidae.
The Squalidae, also called dogfish sharks or spiny dogfishes, are a family of sharks in the order Squaliformes.
Squat lobsters are dorsoventrally flattened crustaceans with long tails held curled beneath the cephalothorax.
Squid are cephalopods of the two orders Myopsida and Oegopsida, which were formerly regarded as two suborders of the order Teuthida, however recent research shows Teuthida to be paraphyletic.
Squid is eaten in many cuisines; in English, the culinary name calamari is often used for squid dishes from the Mediterranean, notably fried squid (fried calamari).
Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea.
Stingrays are a group of sea rays, which are cartilaginous fish related to sharks.
Stockfish is unsalted fish, especially cod, dried by cold air and wind on wooden racks (which is called "hjell" in Norway) on the foreshore.
Sturgeon is the common name for the 27 species of fish belonging to the family Acipenseridae.
The surf clam (Spisula solida, is a medium-sized marine clam, or bivalve mollusc commonly found in the waters surrounding Great Britain. Up to long, it is like many clams a sediment-burrowing filter feeder., a MarLIN entry,a Marbef entry This species of clam is found at scattered locations around the British and Irish coasts. The shell of the surf clam is the main ingredient in the Japanese food wash-solution Surfcera (or Anshin Yasai 安心やさい).
Swarm behaviour, or swarming, is a collective behaviour exhibited by entities, particularly animals, of similar size which aggregate together, perhaps milling about the same spot or perhaps moving en masse or migrating in some direction.
Swordfish (Xiphias gladius), also known as broadbills in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill.
is a town located in Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
In biology, a test is the hard shell of some spherical marine animals, notably sea urchins and microorganisms such as testate foraminiferans, radiolarians, and testate amoebae.
The Acharnians or Acharnians (Ancient Greek: Ἀχαρνεῖς Akharneîs; Attic: Ἀχαρνῆς) is the third play — and the earliest of the eleven surviving plays — by the Athenian playwright Aristophanes.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The Oxford Companion to Food is an encyclopedia about food.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Threadfins are silvery grey perciform marine fish of the family Polynemidae.
Tianyuan man (Chinese: t 人, s 人, p Tiányuándòng Rén) are the remains of one of the earliest modern humans to inhabit East Asia.
Tilapia is the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fish from the tilapiine cichlid tribe.
Tilefishes are mostly small perciform marine fish comprising the family Malacanthidae.
A time temperature indicator (TTI) is a device or smart label that shows the accumulated time-temperature history of a product.
A tomb (from τύμβος tumbos) is a repository for the remains of the dead.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
Trimalchio is a character in the 1st century AD Roman work of fiction Satyricon by Petronius.
Trout is the common name for a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo and Salvelinus, all of the subfamily Salmoninae of the family Salmonidae.
Tube feet are small active tubular projections on the oral face of an echinoderm, whether the arms of a starfish, or the undersides of sea urchins, sand dollars and sea cucumbers.
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is a species of flatfish in the family Scophthalmidae.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
Urechis unicinctus is a species of the marine spoon worm.
A mollusc valve is each articulating part of the shell of a mollusc.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) is a scombrid fish found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas.
Walleye (Sander vitreus, synonym Stizostedion vitreum) is a freshwater perciform fish native to most of Canada and to the Northern United States.
A water column is a conceptual column of water from the surface of a sea, river or lake to the bottom sediment.
Welsh cuisine encompasses the cooking traditions and practices associated with the country of Wales and the Welsh people.
Whale meat, broadly speaking, may include all cetaceans (whales, dolphions, porpoises) and all parts of the animal: muscle (meat), organs (offal), and fat (blubber).
Whelk is a common name that is applied to various kinds of sea snail.
Whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei, formerly Penaeus vannamei), also known as Pacific white shrimp or king prawn, is a variety of prawn of the eastern Pacific Ocean commonly caught or farmed for food.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
The yellow perch (Perca flavescens), commonly referred to as perch, is a freshwater perciform fish native to much of North America.
The yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is a species of tuna found in pelagic waters of tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.