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Self-defense

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Self-defence (self-defense in some varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm. [1]

157 relations: Aerosol spray, Affect (psychology), Aikido, Air gun, Ambush, Anti-theft system, Armored car (VIP), Arnis, Ballistic knife, Ballpoint pen knife, Bartitsu, Baseball bat, Batman Begins, Baton (law enforcement), Battered woman syndrome, Bodyguard, Boot knife, Boxing, Brass knuckles, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Bulletproof vest, Cable tie, Cane gun, Castle doctrine, China, Chinese martial arts, Civil law (legal system), Closed-circuit television, Club (weapon), Coercion, Combat sport, Combatives, Common law, Concealed carry, Countermeasure, Crossbow, Cyber self-defense, Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, De-escalation, Defendo, Defense wound, Defensive gun use, Digital self-defense, Door security, Duty to retreat, Electroshock weapon, Firearm, Force (law), Foshan, French Penal Code of 1791, ..., Gated community, German ju-jutsu, GPS tracking unit, Grappling, Guard dog, Gun laws in the United States by state, Gun politics in the United States, Gun safety, Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990, Hand-to-hand combat, Handgun, Hapkido, Harm, Health, Hiatt speedcuffs, Hollow-point bullet, Human rights, Improvised weapon, J. Reuben Clark Law School, Jeet Kune Do, Judo, Jujutsu, Jurisdiction, Justifiable homicide, Kajukenbo, Karate, Keychain, Kickboxing, Kitchen utensil, Knife, Knife legislation, Kodokan Goshin Jutsu, Krav Maga, Kubotan, Laser pointer, Leviathan (Hobbes book), Libertarianism, Lighter, Mace (spray), Maglite, Martial arts, Max Weber, Millwall brick, Mixed martial arts, Model Mugging, Monopoly on violence, Muay Thai, Non-aggression principle, Nunchaku, Open carry in the United States, Overview of gun laws by nation, Paintball marker, Pater familias, PAVA spray, Pencak Silat, Pepper spray, Peroneal strike, Personal alarm, Personal defense weapon, Physical security, Police, Politics as a Vocation, Provocation (legal), Reasonable person, Right of self-defense, Riot shotgun, Roman law, Safe room, Sambo (martial art), Samurai, Sanshou, Savate, Secure telephone, Security alarm, SelectaDNA, Self-defence in English law, Self-defence in international law, Self-defense, Self-preservation, Sell your cloak and buy a sword, Shoot boxing, Slingshot, SmartWater, SPEAR System, Stand-your-ground law, State (polity), Strafgesetzbuch, Stun grenade, Swimming pool, Switchblade, Swordstick, Systema, Taekwondo, Taser, Thomas Hobbes, Throwing knife, Time-out (parenting), Tool, Tranquillizer gun, Turning the other cheek, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Verbal self defense, Violence, Weapon, Weighted-knuckle glove, Western world, Wrestling. Expand index (107 more) »

Aerosol spray

Aerosol spray is a type of dispensing system which creates an aerosol mist of liquid particles.

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Affect (psychology)

Affect is a concept used in psychology to describe the experience of feeling or emotion.

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Aikido

is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs.

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Air gun

An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which relies on an exothermic chemical oxidation (deflagration) of combustible propellants to generate propulsive energy.

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Ambush

An ambush is a long-established military tactic in which combatants take advantage of concealment and the element of surprise to attack unsuspecting enemy combatants from concealed positions, such as among dense underbrush or behind hilltops.

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Anti-theft system

An anti-theft system is any device or method used to prevent or deter the unauthorized appropriation of items considered valuable.

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Armored car (VIP)

A civilian armored car is a security vehicle which is made by replacing the windows of a standard vehicle (typically a limousine or SUV) with bulletproof glass and inserting layers of armor plate into the body panels.

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Arnis

Arnis, also known as Kali or Eskrima, is the national sport and martial art of the Philippines.

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Ballistic knife

A ballistic knife is a knife with a detachable blade that can be ejected to a distance of several yards by pressing a trigger or operating a lever or switch on the handle.

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Ballpoint pen knife

A ballpoint pen knife is a multi-tool pocket knife consisting of a blade concealed inside an ordinary-looking ballpoint pen.

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Bartitsu

Bartitsu is an eclectic martial art and self-defence method originally developed in England during the years 1898–1902, combining elements of boxing, jujitsu, cane fighting, and French kickboxing.

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Baseball bat

A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the sport of baseball to hit the ball after it is thrown by the pitcher.

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Batman Begins

Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film based on the DC Comics character Batman, directed by Christopher Nolan and written by Nolan and David S. Goyer.

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Baton (law enforcement)

A baton or truncheon is a roughly cylindrical club made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal.

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Battered woman syndrome

Battered woman syndrome (BWS) emerged in the 1990s from several murder cases in England in which women had killed violent partners in response to what they claimed was cumulative abuse, rather than in response to a single provocative act.

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Bodyguard

A bodyguard (or close protection officer) is a type of security guard or government law enforcement officer or soldier who protects a person or people — usually high-ranking public officials or officers, wealthy people, and celebrities — from danger: generally theft, assault, kidnapping, assassination, harassment, loss of confidential information, threats, or other criminal offences.

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Boot knife

A boot knife or a gambler's dagger is a small fixed-blade knife (usually, a dagger) that is designed to be carried in or on a boot.

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Boxing

Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.

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Brass knuckles

Brass knuckles, also sometimes called knuckles, knucks, brass knucks, knucklebusters, knuckledusters, an English punch or a classic, are weapons used in hand-to-hand combat.

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Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting.

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Bulletproof vest

A ballistic vest or bullet-resistant vest, often called a bulletproof vest, is an item of personal armor that helps absorb the impact and reduce or stop penetration to the body from firearm-fired projectiles- and shrapnel from explosions, and is worn on the torso.

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Cable tie

A cable tie (also known as a wire tie, hose tie, steggel tie, zap strap or zip tie, and by the brand names Ty-Rap and Panduit strap) is a type of fastener, for holding items together, primarily electrical cables or wires.

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Cane gun

A cane gun is a walking cane with a hidden gun built into it.

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Castle doctrine

A castle doctrine, also known as a castle law or a defense of habitation law, is a legal doctrine that designates a person's abode or any legally occupied place (for example, a vehicle or home) as a place in which that person has protections and immunities permitting one, in certain circumstances, to use force (up to and including deadly force) to defend oneself against an intruder, free from legal prosecution for the consequences of the force used.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.

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Civil law (legal system)

Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.

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Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.

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Club (weapon)

A club (also known as a cudgel, baton, truncheon, cosh, nightstick, beating stick, or bludgeon) is among the simplest of all weapons: a short staff or stick, usually made of wood, wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times.

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Coercion

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats or force.

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Combat sport

A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat.

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Combatives

Combatives is a term for hand-to-hand combat training and techniques.

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Common law

Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.

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Concealed carry

Concealed carry (carrying a concealed weapon (CCW)), refers to the practice of carrying a handgun or other weapon in public in a concealed or hidden manner, either on one's person or in close proximity.

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Countermeasure

A countermeasure is a measure or action taken to counter or offset another one.

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Crossbow

A crossbow is a type of ranged weapon based on the bow and consisting of a horizontal bow-like assembly mounted on a frame which is handheld in a similar fashion to the stock of a gun.

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Cyber self-defense

Cyber self-defense refers to self-defense in cybersecurity to defend against cyberattack.

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Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu

, originally called, is a Japanese martial art that first became widely known in the early 20th century under the headmastership of Takeda Sōkaku.

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De-escalation

De-escalation refers to behavior that is intended to escape escalations of conflicts.

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Defendo

Defendo is a Canadian martial art and a self defence system created in 1945 for law enforcement structures by Bill Underwood.

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Defense wound

A defense wound or self-defense wound is an injury received by the victim of an attack while trying to defend against the assailant.

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Defensive gun use

Defensive gun use (DGU) is the use or presentation of a firearm for self-defense, defense of others or in some cases, protecting property.

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Digital self-defense

Digital self-defense is the use of self-defense strategies by Internet users to ensure digital security; that is to say, the protection of confidential personal electronic information.

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Door security

The term door security may refer to any of a range of measures used to strengthen doors against door breaching, Ram-raiding and lock picking, and prevent crimes such as burglary and home invasions.

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Duty to retreat

In criminal law, the duty to retreat, or requirement of safe retreat,Criminal Law - Cases and Materials, 7th ed.

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Electroshock weapon

An electroshock weapon is an incapacitating weapon.

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Firearm

A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.

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Force (law)

In law, force means unlawful violence, or lawful compulsion.

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Foshan

Foshan, formerly romanized as Fatshan, is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province in southeastern China.

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French Penal Code of 1791

The French Penal Code of 1791 was a penal code adopted during the French Revolution by the Constituent Assembly, between 25 September and 6 October 1791.

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Gated community

In its modern form, a gated community (or walled community) is a form of residential community or housing estate containing strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians, bicycles, and automobiles, and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls and fences.

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German ju-jutsu

German ju-jutsu (or German jiu-jitsu) is a martial art related to traditional Japanese jujutsu, developed in Germany in the 1960s using techniques from jujutsu, judo, karate and various other traditional and modern martial arts.

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GPS tracking unit

A GPS tracking unit is a GPS device, normally carried by a moving vehicle or person, that uses the Global Positioning System (GPS) to track the device’s movements, at intervals, and to determine its location, and its carrier.

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Grappling

In hand-to-hand combat, grappling is a close fighting technique used to gain a physical advantage such as improving relative position, or causing injury to the opponent.

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Guard dog

A guard dog or watch dog (not to be confused with the attack dog) is a dog used to guard against, and watch for unwanted or unexpected people or animals.

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Gun laws in the United States by state

Gun laws in the United States regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition.

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Gun politics in the United States

Gun politics is an area of American politics defined by two opposing groups advocating for tighter gun control on the one hand and gun rights on the other.

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Gun safety

Gun safety rules and practice recommendations are intended to avoid accidental discharge or negligent discharge, or the consequences of firearm malfunctions.

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Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990

The Gun-Free School Zones Act (GFSZA) is an act of the U.S. Congress prohibiting any unauthorized individual from knowingly possessing a loaded or unsecured firearm at a place that the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone as defined by.

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Hand-to-hand combat

Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.

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Handgun

A handgun is a short-barreled firearm designed to be fired with only one hand.

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Hapkido

Hapkido (also spelled hap ki do or hapki-do; from Korean hapgido) is a highly eclectic Korean martial art.

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Harm

Harm is a moral and legal concept.

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Health

Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.

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Hiatt speedcuffs

Speedcuffs are a model of handcuff which were designed and produced by the now defunct UK-based Hiatt & Company.

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Hollow-point bullet

A hollow-point bullet is an expanding bullet that has a pit or hollowed out shape in its tip often intended to cause the bullet to expand upon entering a target as it penetrates and disrupts more tissue.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Improvised weapon

An improvised weapon is an object that was not designed to be used as a weapon but can be put to that use.

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J. Reuben Clark Law School

The J. Reuben Clark Law School (also known as JRCLS or BYU Law School) is the professional school for the study of law at Brigham Young University (BYU) in Provo, Utah.

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Jeet Kune Do

Jeet Kune Do, abbreviated JKD, is a hybrid philosophy of martial arts heavily influenced by the personal philosophy and experiences of martial artist Bruce Lee.

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Judo

was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Jujutsu

Jujutsu (柔術, jūjutsu), also known in the West as Ju-Jitsu or Jiu-Jitsu, is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses either a short weapon or none.

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Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

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Justifiable homicide

The concept of justifiable homicide in criminal law (e.g. as opposed to culpable homicide) stands on the dividing line between an excuse, a justification, and an exculpation.

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Kajukenbo

Kajukenbo (Japanese: カジュケンボ Kajukenbo) is a hybrid martial art from Hawaii.

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Karate

(Okinawan pronunciation) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom.

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Keychain

A keychain, or keyring, is a small chain, usually made from metal or plastic, that connects a small item to a keyring.

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Kickboxing

Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.

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Kitchen utensil

A kitchen utensil is a small hand held tool used for food preparation.

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Knife

A knife (plural knives) is a tool with a cutting edge or blade, hand-held or otherwise, with most having a handle.

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Knife legislation

Knife legislation is defined as the body of statutory law or case law promulgated or enacted by a government or other governing jurisdiction that prohibits, criminalizes, or restricts the otherwise legal manufacture, importation, sale, transfer, possession, transport, or use of knives.

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Kodokan Goshin Jutsu

is the most recent Judo kata of Kodokan and was established in 1956.

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Krav Maga

Krav Maga (קְרַב מַגָּע, lit. "contact-combat") is a military self-defense and fighting system developed for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and Israeli security forces (Shin Bet and Mossad) that derived from a combination of techniques sourced from boxing, wrestling, aikido, judo and karate, along with realistic fight training.

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Kubotan

Kubotan (sometimes erroneously spelled as kubaton or kobutan) is a genericized trademark for a self-defense keychain weapon developed by Sōke Takayuki Kubota in the late 1960s.

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Laser pointer

A laser pointer or laser pen is a small handheld device with a power source (usually a battery) and a laser diode emitting a very narrow coherent low-powered laser beam of visible light, intended to be used to highlight something of interest by illuminating it with a small bright spot of colored light.

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Leviathan (Hobbes book)

Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil—commonly referred to as Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Leviathan ranks as a classic western work on statecraft comparable to Machiavelli's The Prince. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.

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Libertarianism

Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.

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Lighter

A lighter is a portable device used to create a flame, and to ignite a variety of combustible materials, such as cigars, gas stoves, fireworks, candles or cigarettes.

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Mace (spray)

Mace is the genericized trademark of Chemical Mace, the brand name of an early type of aerosol self-defense spray invented by Allan Lee Litman in 1965.

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Maglite

Maglite (also spelled Mag-Lite) is a brand of flashlight manufactured in the United States by Mag Instrument, Inc.

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Martial arts

Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.

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Max Weber

Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.

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Millwall brick

A Millwall brick is an improvised weapon made of a manipulated newspaper, used as a small club.

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Mixed martial arts

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts.

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Model Mugging

Model Mugging is a form of self-defense training that uses padded instructors, known as "Model Muggers", to simulate assaults.

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Monopoly on violence

The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, also known as the monopoly on violence (Gewaltmonopol des Staates), is a core concept of modern public law, which goes back to Jean Bodin's 1576 work Les Six livres de la République and Thomas Hobbes' 1651 book Leviathan.

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Muay Thai

Muay Thai (มวยไทย) or Thai boxing is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques.

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Non-aggression principle

The non-aggression principle (or NAP; also called the non-aggression axiom, the anti-coercion, zero aggression principle or non-initiation of force) is an ethical stance that asserts that aggression is inherently wrong.

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Nunchaku

is a traditional Okinawan martial arts weapon consisting of two sticks connected at one end by a short chain or rope.

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Open carry in the United States

In the United States, open carry refers to the practice of "openly carrying a firearm in public", as distinguished from concealed carry, where firearms cannot be seen by the casual observer.

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Overview of gun laws by nation

Gun laws and policies (collectively referred to as firearms regulation or gun control) regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification and use of small arms by civilians.

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Paintball marker

A paintball marker, also known as a paintball gun, paint gun, or marker, is the main piece of paintball equipment in the sport of paintball.

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Pater familias

The pater familias, also written as paterfamilias (plural patres familias), was the head of a Roman family.

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PAVA spray

PAVA spray is an incapacitant spray similar to pepper spray.

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Pencak Silat

Pencak silat (in Western writings sometimes spelled "pentjak silat" or phonetically as "penchak silat") is an umbrella term for a class of related Indonesian martial arts.

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Pepper spray

Pepper spray (also known as capsicum spray) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness) used in policing, riot control, crowd control, and self-defense, including defense against dogs and bears.

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Peroneal strike

A peroneal strike is a temporarily disabling blow to the common peroneal nerve of the leg, just above the knee.

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Personal alarm

A personal alarm is a small hand-held electronic device with the functionality to emit a loud siren-like alarming sound.

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Personal defense weapon

Personal defense weapons (PDWs) are a class of compact semi-automatic (selective fire for military and law enforcement), magazine-fed, submachine gun like firearms – essentially a hybrid between a submachine gun and compact rifles.

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Physical security

Physical security describes security measures that are designed to deny unauthorized access to facilities, equipment and resources and to protect personnel and property from damage or harm (such as espionage, theft, or terrorist attacks).

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Police

A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Politics as a Vocation

"Politics as a Vocation" (Politik als Beruf) is an essay by German economist and sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).

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Provocation (legal)

Provocation is a set of events that might be adequate to cause a reasonable person to lose self control, whereby a criminal act is less morally culpable than a premeditated act done out of pure malice (malice aforethought).

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Reasonable person

In law, a reasonable person, reasonable man, or the man on the Clapham omnibus is a hypothetical person of legal fiction crafted by the courts and communicated through case law and jury instructions.

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Right of self-defense

The right of self-defense (also called, when it applies to the defense of another, alter ego defense, defense of others, defense of a third person) is the right for people to use reasonable force or defensive force, for the purpose of defending one's own life or the lives of others, including, in certain circumstances, the use of deadly force.

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Riot shotgun

A riot shotgun is a shotgun designed or modified for use as a primarily defensive weapon, by the use of a short barrel and a larger magazine capacity than shotguns marketed for hunting.

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Roman law

Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I. Roman law forms the basic framework for civil law, the most widely used legal system today, and the terms are sometimes used synonymously.

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Safe room

A safe room or panic room is a fortified room that is installed in a private residence or business to provide a safe shelter, or hiding place, for the inhabitants in the event of a break in, home invasion, tornado, terror attack, or other threat.

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Sambo (martial art)

Sambo (p; САМозащита Без Оружия) is a Russian-Soviet martial art and combat sport.

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Samurai

were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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Sanshou

Sanshou (Wushu Sanshou), also known as Sanda (Wushu Sanda), Chinese boxing or Chinese kickboxing, is a Chinese self-defense system and combat sport.

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Savate

Savate, also known as boxe française, savate boxing, French boxing or French footfighting, is a French combat sport that uses the hands and feet as weapons combining elements of English boxing with graceful kicking techniques.

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Secure telephone

A secure telephone is a telephone that provides voice security in the form of end-to-end encryption for the telephone call, and in some cases also the mutual authentication of the call parties, protecting them against a man-in-the-middle attack.

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Security alarm

A security alarm is a system designed to detect intrusion – unauthorized entry – into a building or other area.

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SelectaDNA

SelectaDNA is a forensic property marking system used as part of crime prevention strategies for businesses and residential properties.

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Self-defence in English law

Self-defence is a legal doctrine which says that a person may use reasonable force in the defence of themself or another.

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Self-defence in international law

Hugo Grotius, the 17th century jurist and father of public international law, stated in his 1625 magnum opus ''The Law of War and Peace'' that "Most Men assign three Just Causes of War, Defence, the Recovery of what's our own, and Punishment.".

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Self-defense

Self-defence (self-defense in some varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.

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Self-preservation

Self-preservation is a behavior that ensures the survival of an organism.

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Sell your cloak and buy a sword

According to the Gospel of Luke (22:36, NIV, sell your cloak and buy a sword is an instruction, by Jesus to his disciples during the Last Supper, which has been interpreted in several ways.

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Shoot boxing

is both a combat sport and a stand-up fighting promotion company based in Tokyo, Japan.

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Slingshot

A slingshot or catapult (UK), ging (primarily Australian and New Zealand), shanghai (Australian), kettie (South Africa), is normally a small hand-powered projectile weapon.

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SmartWater

SmartWater is a traceable liquid and forensic asset marking system (taggant) that is applied to items of value to identify thieves and deter theft.

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SPEAR System

The SPEAR System (an acronym for Spontaneous Protection Enabling Accelerated Response) is a close-quarter protection system that uses a person's reflex action in threatening situations as a basis for defence.

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Stand-your-ground law

A stand-your-ground law (sometimes called "line in the sand" or "no duty to retreat" law) is a justification in a criminal case, whereby defendants can "stand their ground" and use force without retreating, in order to protect and defend themselves or others against threats or perceived threats.

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State (polity)

A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.

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Strafgesetzbuch

Strafgesetzbuch, abbreviated to StGB, is the German penal code.

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Stun grenade

A stun grenade, also known as a flash grenade, flashbang, thunderflash or sound bomb, is a non-lethal explosive device used to temporarily disorient an enemy's senses.

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Swimming pool

A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.

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Switchblade

A switchblade (also known as an automatic knife, pushbutton knife, ejector knife, switch, Sprenger,Benson, Ragnar (1989). Switchblade: The Ace of Blades. Paladin Press. pp. 1–14.. The switchblade is also known in Germany as the Springmesser. Springer,Shackleford, Steve (ed.) (2009). Blade's Guide To Knives And Their Values. Krause Publications. pp. 151–152. flick knife, or flick blade) is a type of knife with a folding or sliding blade contained in the handle which is opened automatically by a spring when a button, lever, or switch on the handle or bolster is activated.

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Swordstick

A swordstick or cane-sword is a cane containing a hidden blade.

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Systema

Systema (Система, literally meaning The System) is a Russian martial art.

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Taekwondo

Taekwondo (from Korean 태권도, 跆拳道) is a Korean martial art, characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.

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Taser

A Taser is a brand of electroshock weapon sold by Axon.

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Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.

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Throwing knife

A throwing knife is a knife that is specially designed and weighted so that it can be thrown effectively.

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Time-out (parenting)

Time-out is a form of behavioral modification that involves temporarily separating a person from an environment where unacceptable behavior has occurred.

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Tool

A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the item is not consumed in the process.

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Tranquillizer gun

A tranquillizer gun (also spelled tranquilizer gun or tranquilliser gun), capture gun or dart gun, is a non-lethal air gun often used for incapacitating animal targets via drugs usually referred as tranquilizers.

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Turning the other cheek

Turning the other cheek is a phrase in Christian doctrine that refers to responding to injury without revenge.

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.

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Verbal self defense

Verbal self-defense, also known as verbal judo or verbal aikido, is defined as using one's words to prevent, de-escalate, or end an attempted assault.

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Violence

Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.

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Weapon

A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.

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Weighted-knuckle glove

Weighted-knuckle gloves, also called sap gloves, are a type of weapon used in hand to hand combat.

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Western world

The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.

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Wrestling

Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.

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Defensive weapon, Home defense, Homicide se defendendo, Homicidium se defendendo, Impact self defense, Murder in self defense, Private defence, Reality Based Self-defense, Reality-Based Self-Defense, Reality-based self defence, Reality-based self-defense, Se defendendo, Self Defence, Self defence, Self defense, Self defense killing, Self-Defense, Self-Defense Techniques, Self-defence, Self-protection, Selfdefence, Women's self defense, Women's self-defense.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-defense

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