111 relations: Abraham Maslow, Acceptance, Albert Ellis, Assertiveness, Behaviorism, Belief, Bernie S. Siegel, Body image, Bullying, Carl Rogers, Childhood and Society, Cognition, Core self-evaluations, David Buss, Defence mechanisms, Deference, Depression (mood), Dunning–Kruger effect, Eating disorder, Egotism, Embarrassment, Emotion, Emotional competence, Envy, Erich Fromm, Erik Erikson, Exaggeration, Fear of negative evaluation, Frontostriatal circuit, Gloria Steinem, Google Books, Grandiosity, Gumption trap, Honour, Hubris, Human trafficking, Humanistic psychology, I'm OK – You're OK, Identity (social science), Implicit self-esteem, Inner critic, International human rights law, Interpersonal relationship, Invisible support, Jack Canfield, John Vasconcellos, LGBT, Life satisfaction, List of confidence tricks, Macquarie Dictionary, ..., Major depressive disorder, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Morris Rosenberg, Motivation, Name-letter effect, Narcissism, Nathaniel Branden, National Association for Self-Esteem, Neil Smelser, Optimism bias, Outline of self, Overconfidence effect, Parenting styles, Paul Tillich, Peer pressure, Perfectionism (psychology), Phenomenology (psychology), Prefrontal cortex, Premise, Pride, Psychological manipulation, Psychological Review, Psychotherapy, Rational emotive behavior therapy, Relationship-contingent self-esteem, Reward system, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Roy Baumeister, Self-acceptance, Self-awareness, Self-compassion, Self-concept, Self-confidence, Self-efficacy, Self-esteem functions, Self-esteem instability, Self-evaluation maintenance theory, Self-image, Self-knowledge (psychology), Self-love, Shame, Shyness, Sigmund Freud, Social anxiety, Social anxiety disorder, Social media, Sociometer, Stage fright, Striatum, Suicide prevention, Teacher, Terror management theory, The New York Times, The Psychology of Self-Esteem, TheFreeDictionary.com, Thomas Anthony Harris, Tony Robbins, Virtue, William James, World Health Organization, Yogyakarta Principles. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.
Acceptance in human psychology is a person's assent to the reality of a situation, recognizing a process or condition (often a negative or uncomfortable situation) without attempting to change it or protest it.
Albert Ellis (September 27, 1913 – July 24, 2007) was an American psychologist who in 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
Assertiveness is the quality of being self-assured and confident without being aggressive.
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Bernie Siegel (born October 14, 1932) is an American writer and retired pediatric surgeon, who writes on the relationship between the patient and the healing process.
Body image is a person's perception of the aesthetics or sexual attractiveness of their own body.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.
Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach (or client-centered approach) to psychology.
Childhood and Society is a 1950 book about the social significance of childhood by Erik H. Erikson.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Core self-evaluations (CSE) represent a stable personality trait which encompasses an individual's subconscious, fundamental evaluations about themselves, their own abilities and their own control.
David M. Buss (born April 14, 1953) is a professor of psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, known for his evolutionary psychology theorizing and research on human sex differences in mate selection, with a focus on systems in which males are allowed violence against women in mating.
A defence mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli.
Deference (also called submission or passivity) is the condition of submitting to the espoused, legitimate influence of one's superior or superiors.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
In the field of psychology, the Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people of low ability have illusory superiority and mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Egotism is the drive to maintain and enhance favorable views of oneself, and generally features an inflated opinion of one's personal features and importance.
Embarrassment is an emotional state that is associated with moderate to high levels of discomfort, and which is usually experienced when someone has a socially unacceptable or frowned-upon act or condition that was witnessed by or revealed to others.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Emotional competence refers to one's ability to express or release one's inner feelings (emotions).
Envy (from Latin invidia) is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it".
Erich Seligmann Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German-born American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.
Erik Homberger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner.
Fear of negative evaluation (FNE) is a psychological construct reflecting "apprehension about others' evaluations, distress over negative evaluations by others, and the expectation that others would evaluate one negatively".
Frontostriatal circuits are neural pathways that connect frontal lobe regions with the basal ganglia (striatum) that mediate motor, cognitive, and behavioural functions within the brain.
Gloria Marie Steinem (born March 25, 1934) is an American feminist, journalist, and social political activist who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the American feminist movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Grandiosity refers to an unrealistic sense of superiority, a sustained view of oneself as better than others that causes the narcissist to view others with disdain or as inferior, as well as to a sense of uniqueness: the belief that few others have anything in common with oneself and that one can only be understood by a few or very special people.
A gumption trap is an event or mindset that can cause a person to lose enthusiasm and become discouraged from starting or continuing a project.
Honour (or honor in American English, note) is the idea of a bond between an individual and a society, as a quality of a person that is both of social teaching and of personal ethos, that manifests itself as a code of conduct, and has various elements such as valor, chivalry, honesty, and compassion.
Hubris (from ancient Greek ὕβρις) describes a personality quality of extreme or foolish pride or dangerous overconfidence, often in combination with (or synonymous with) arrogance.
Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.
Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism.
I'm OK – You're OK is a 1967 self-help book by Thomas Anthony Harris.
In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).
Implicit self-esteem refers to a person's disposition to evaluate themselves in a spontaneous, automatic, or unconscious manner.
The inner critic or "critical inner voice" is a concept used in popular psychology and psychotherapy to refer to a subpersonality that judges and demeans a person.
International human rights law (IHRL) is the body of international law designed to promote human rights on social, regional, and domestic levels.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
Invisible support is a psychological term used to describe a type of social support in which supportive exchanges are not visible to recipients.
Jack Canfield (born August 19, 1944) is an American author, motivational speaker, corporate trainer, and entrepreneur.
John Bernard Vasconcellos Jr. (May 11, 1932 – May 24, 2014) was an American politician from California and member of the Democratic Party.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Life satisfaction is the way in which people show their emotions and feelings (moods) and how they feel about their directions and options for the future.
This list of confidence tricks and scams should not be considered complete, but covers the most common examples.
The Macquarie Dictionary is a dictionary of Australian English.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.
Morris Rosenberg is a Canadian lawyer and senior civil servant with the government of Canada.
Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.
The name-letter effect is the tendency of people to prefer the letters in their name over other letters in the alphabet.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
Nathaniel Branden (born Nathan Blumenthal; April 9, 1930 – December 3, 2014) was a Canadian–American psychotherapist and writer known for his work in the psychology of self-esteem.
The National Association for Self-Esteem (NASE) is an American organization devoted to promoting the importance of self-esteem.
Neil Joseph Smelser (July 22, 1930 – October 2, 2017) was an emeritus professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Optimism bias (also known as unrealistic or comparative optimism) is a cognitive bias that causes a person to believe that they are at a lesser risk of experiencing a negative event compared to others.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the self: Self – an individual person, from his or her own perspective.
The overconfidence effect is a well-established bias in which a person's subjective confidence in his or her judgements is reliably greater than the objective accuracy of those judgements, especially when confidence is relatively high.
A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing.
Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 – October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century.
Peer pressure (or social pressure) is the direct influence on people by peers, or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual.
Perfectionism, in psychology, is a personality trait characterized by a person's striving for flawlessness and setting high performance standards, accompanied by critical self-evaluations and concerns regarding others' evaluations.
Phenomenology within psychology (phenomenological psychology) is the psychological study of subjective experience.
In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.
A premise or premiss is a statement that an argument claims will induce or justify a conclusion.
Pride is an inwardly directed emotion that carries two antithetical meanings.
Psychological manipulation is a type of social influence that aims to change the behavior or perception of others through abusive, deceptive, or underhanded tactics.
Psychological Review is a scientific journal that publishes articles on psychological theory.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), previously called rational therapy and rational emotive therapy, is an active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy, the aim of which is to resolve emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and to help people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives.
Relationship contingent self-esteem (RCSE) is a type of self-esteem that derives from the outcomes, process, and nature of one’s romantic relationship.
The reward system is a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e., motivation and "wanting", desire, or craving for a reward), associative learning (primarily positive reinforcement and classical conditioning), and positive emotions, particularly ones which involve pleasure as a core component (e.g., joy, euphoria and ecstasy).
The Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), developed by sociologist Dr.
Roy F. Baumeister (born May 16, 1953) is a social psychologist who is known for his work on the self, social rejection, belongingness, sexuality and sex differences, self-control, self-esteem, self-defeating behaviors, motivation, aggression, consciousness, and free will.
Self-acceptance is acceptance of self.
Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.
Self-compassion is extending compassion to one's self in instances of perceived inadequacy, failure, or general suffering.
One's self-concept (also called self-construction, self-identity, self-perspective or self-structure) is a collection of beliefs about oneself.
The concept of self-confidence is commonly used as self-assurance in one's personal judgment, ability, power, etc.
Self-efficacy is an individual’s belief in his or her innate ability to achieve goals.
Self-esteem can be defined as how favorably individuals evaluate themselves.
Self-esteem stability refers to immediate feelings of self-esteem which, generally, will not be influenced by everyday positive or negative experiences.
Self-evaluation maintenance (SEM) theory refers to discrepancies between two people in a relationship.
Self-image is the mental picture, generally of a kind that is quite resistant to change, that depicts not only details that are potentially available to objective investigation by others (height, weight, hair color, etc.), but also items that have been learned by that person about themself, either from personal experiences or by internalizing the judgments of others.
Self-knowledge is a term used in psychology to describe the information that an individual draws upon when finding an answer to the question "What am I like?".
Self-love has often been seen as a moral flaw, akin to vanity and selfishness.
Shame is a painful, social emotion that can be seen as resulting "...from comparison of the self's action with the self's standards...". but which may equally stem from comparison of the self's state of being with the ideal social context's standard.
Shyness (also called diffidence) is the feeling of apprehension, lack of comfort, or awkwardness especially when a person is around other people.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Social anxiety can be defined as nervousness in social situations.
Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterized by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Sociometer theory is a theory of self-esteem from an evolutionary psychological perspective that proposes that state self-esteem is a gauge (or sociometer) of interpersonal relationships.
Stage fright or performance anxiety is the anxiety, fear, or persistent phobia which may be aroused in an individual by the requirement to perform in front of an audience, whether actually or potentially (for example, when performing before a camera).
The striatum, or corpus striatum (also called the neostriatum and the striate nucleus) is a nucleus (a cluster of neurons) in the subcortical basal ganglia of the forebrain.
Suicide prevention is an umbrella term used for the collective efforts of local citizen organizations, health professionals and related professionals to reduce the incidence of suicide.
A teacher (also called a school teacher or, in some contexts, an educator) is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.
In social psychology, terror management theory (TMT) proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a self-preservation instinct, whilst realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Psychology of Self-Esteem is a book by Nathaniel Branden, first published in 1969.
TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.
Thomas Anthony Harris MD (born April 18, 1910 in San Antonio, Texas; died May 4, 1995 in Sacramento, California) was an American psychiatrist and author who became famous for his self-help manual I'm OK, You're OK (1969).
Anthony Jay Robbins (born Anthony J. Mahavoric on February 29, 1960) is an American author, entrepreneur, philanthropist and life coach.
Virtue (virtus, ἀρετή "arete") is moral excellence.
William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The Yogyakarta Principles is a 35-page document about human rights in the areas of sexual orientation and gender identity, published as the outcome of an international meeting of human rights groups in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in November 2006.
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