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Index Sellafield

Sellafield is a nuclear fuel reprocessing and nuclear decommissioning site, close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria, England. [1]

207 relations: Actinide, Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor, Aluminium, Amec Foster Wheeler, Ammonia solution, Annual effective discount rate, Argon, Atomic Weapons Establishment, B205, Barrow-in-Furness, BBC, Becquerel, Bellona Foundation, Beta particle, Big Audio Dynamite, Breeder reactor, British Journal of Cancer, British Nuclear Fuels Ltd, British–Irish Council, Burghfield, C. A. Parsons and Company, Caesium-137, Chernobyl, Chernobyl disaster, City of Carlisle, Cogeneration, Cold War, Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment, Concrete, Controlled Demolition, Inc., Cooling tower, Courtaulds, Crematory, Cumberland, Cumbria, Cumbria shootings, Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment, Curie, Déanta, Dead Sea, Depleted uranium, Dioxin, Dounreay, Drigg, Elizabeth II, Energiewende in Germany, Energy in the United Kingdom, Energy policy of the United Kingdom, Engie, Enriched uranium, ..., Etiology, European Atomic Energy Community, Explosive ROF, Fallout (RTÉ drama), Fissile material, Flocculation, Food Standards Agency, France, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Garda Síochána, Gas turbine, General Electric, Government of Ireland, Government of the United Kingdom, Graphite, Greenpeace, Hanford Site, Hansard, Health and Safety Executive, Iberdrola, In Mortal Hands, Incineration, Infant mortality, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Nuclear Event Scale, Iodine-131, Irish Sea, Isle of Man, Isotope, Isotope separation, Isotopes of caesium, Isotopes of rhodium, ITV Yorkshire, John Cockcroft, John Laing Group, Kansai Electric Power Company, Kraftwerk, Krypton-85, La Hague site, Les Barker, Leukemia, Light-water reactor, List of cancer clusters, List of nuclear reactors, Lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents, Litre, London Review of Books, Long ton, Low Level Waste Repository, Magnox, Malcolm Wicks, Marilynne Robinson, Melanie Johnson, Minimum-Maximum, Ministry of Supply, Mitchell Construction, Moorside Nuclear Power Station, MOX fuel, National Grid (Great Britain), National Nuclear Laboratory, Natural uranium, Nitric acid, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Norman Nicholson, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Nuclear decommissioning, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, Nuclear fuel cycle, Nuclear power, Nuclear power in the United Kingdom, Nuclear power plant, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear reprocessing, Nuclear weapon, Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom, Nuclide, NuGeneration, Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, Office for Nuclear Regulation, Office of Gas and Electricity Markets, Omega Point (album), Orano, OSPAR Convention, Pathé News, Paul Foot, Phosphate, Plutonium, Plutonium-239, Politics of Norway, Polonium, Pound (mass), Precipitation (chemistry), Preston, Lancashire, Public Accounts Committee (United Kingdom), Public Enemy (band), PUREX, Radioactive contamination, Radioactive waste, Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Republic of Ireland, River Calder, Cumbria, River Ehen, Royal Ordnance Factory, Runrig, Ruthenium, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Scottish Hydro Electric, Seascale, Sellafield, Sellafield Ltd, Sellafield railway station, Sievert, Silo, Societal collapse, Soviet Union, Spear of Destiny (band), Springfields, SSE plc, Stainless steel, Stephanie Cooke, Stillbirth, Sting (musician), Sump, Taylor Woodrow, Technetium, Technetium-99, The Daily Telegraph, The Engineer (magazine), The Guardian, The Independent, The Observer, Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant, Thermal-neutron reactor, TNT, Tom Tuohy, Tonne, Transformer, Tributyl phosphate, U2, UK miners' strike (1972), UK miners' strike (1984–85), United Kingdom, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, United States, University of Dundee, Uranium, Uranium oxide, URS Corporation, Vocoder, Wast Water, Weapons-grade nuclear material, Whitehaven, Windscale fire, World Nuclear Association, World War II, 1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement. Expand index (157 more) »


The actinide or actinoid (IUPAC nomenclature) series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium.

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Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor

The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor (AGR) is a type of nuclear reactor designed and operated in the United Kingdom.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Amec Foster Wheeler

Amec Foster Wheeler plc was a British multinational consultancy, engineering and project management company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Ammonia solution

Ammonia solution, also known as ammonia water, ammoniacal liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or (inaccurately) ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water.

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Annual effective discount rate

The annual effective discount rate expresses the amount of interest paid/earned as a percentage of the balance at the end of the (annual) period.

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Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.

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Atomic Weapons Establishment

The Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) is responsible for the design, manufacture and support of warheads for the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons.

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B205 is the name of the Magnox nuclear reprocessing plant at Sellafield in northern England.

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Barrow-in-Furness, commonly known as Barrow, is a town and borough in Cumbria, England.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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The becquerel (symbol: Bq) is the SI derived unit of radioactivity.

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Bellona Foundation

The Bellona Foundation is an international environmental NGO based in Oslo, Norway.

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Beta particle

A beta particle, also called beta ray or beta radiation, (symbol β) is a high-energy, high-speed electron or positron emitted by the radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus during the process of beta decay.

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Big Audio Dynamite

Big Audio Dynamite (later known as Big Audio Dynamite II and Big Audio, and often abbreviated BAD) are a British musical group formed in 1984 by the ex-guitarist and singer of The Clash, Mick Jones.

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Breeder reactor

A breeder reactor is a nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it consumes.

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British Journal of Cancer

The British Journal of Cancer is a twice-monthly professional medical journal of Cancer Research UK (a registered charity in the United Kingdom), published on their behalf by the Nature Publishing Group (a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd).

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British Nuclear Fuels Ltd

British Nuclear Fuels Limited (BNFL) was a nuclear energy and fuels company owned by the UK Government.

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British–Irish Council

The British–Irish Council (BIC) is an intergovernmental organisation that aims to improve collaboration between its members in a number of areas including transport, the environment, and energy.

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Burghfield is a village and large civil parish in West Berkshire, England, with a boundary with Reading.

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C. A. Parsons and Company


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Caesium-137 (Cs-137), cesium-137, or radiocaesium, is a radioactive isotope of caesium which is formed as one of the more common fission products by the nuclear fission of uranium-235 and other fissionable isotopes in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons.

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Chernobyl or Chornobyl (Chornobyl′,;; Charnobyl′) is a city in the restricted Chernobyl Exclusion Zone situated in the Ivankiv Raion of northern Kiev Oblast, near Ukraine's border with Belarus.

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Chernobyl disaster

The Chernobyl disaster, also referred to as the Chernobyl accident, was a catastrophic nuclear accident.

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City of Carlisle

The City of Carlisle is a local government district of Cumbria, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district.

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Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment

The Committee on Medical Aspects of Radiation in the Environment (COMARE) is a UK-wide advisory committee set up by the British government.

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Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

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Controlled Demolition, Inc.

Controlled Demolition, Inc.

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Cooling tower

A cooling tower is a heat rejection device that rejects waste heat to the atmosphere through the cooling of a water stream to a lower temperature.

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Courtaulds was a United Kingdom-based manufacturer of fabric, clothing, artificial fibres, and chemicals.

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A crematory (also known as a crematorium, cremator or retort) is a machine in which bodies are burned down to the bones, eliminating all soft tissue.

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Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.

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Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.

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Cumbria shootings

The Cumbria shootings occurred on 2 June 2010 when a lone gunman, Derrick Bird, killed 12 people and injured 11 others before killing himself in Cumbria, England.

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Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment

Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment (CORE) is a non-political, non-profit organisation, located in Barrow-in-Furness, which since 1980 has campaigned against all aspects of the operation of Sellafield, formally Windscale and the site of the 1957 reactor fire.

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The curie (symbol Ci) is a non-SI unit of radioactivity originally defined in 1910.

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Déanta is an Irish traditional music band from Northern Ireland.

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Dead Sea

The Dead Sea (יָם הַמֶּלַח lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت The first article al- is unnecessary and usually not used.) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west.

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Depleted uranium

Depleted uranium (DU; also referred to in the past as Q-metal, depletalloy or D-38) is uranium with a lower content of the fissile isotope U-235 than natural uranium.

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Dioxin may refer to.

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Dounreay (Dùnrath) (Ordnance Survey) is on the north coast of Caithness, in the Highland area of Scotland and west of the town of Thurso.

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Drigg is a village situated in the civil parish of Drigg and Carleton on the West Cumbria coast of the Irish Sea and on the boundary of the Lake District National Park in the Borough of Copeland in the county of Cumbria, England.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Energiewende in Germany

The Energiewende (German for energy transition) is the planned transition by Germany to a low carbon, environmentally sound, reliable, and affordable energy supply.

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Energy in the United Kingdom

Energy use in the United Kingdom stood at 2,249 TWh (193.4 million tonnes of oil equivalent) in 2014.

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Energy policy of the United Kingdom

The current energy policy of the United Kingdom is set out in the Energy White Paper of May 2007 and Low Carbon Transition Plan of July 2009, building on previous work including the 2003 Energy White Paper and the Energy Review Report in 2006.

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ENGIE (known as GDF Suez prior to April 2015) is a French multinational electric utility company, headquartered in La Défense, Courbevoie, which operates in the fields of electricity generation and distribution, natural gas, nuclear and renewable energy.

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Enriched uranium

Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.

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Etiology (alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination.

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European Atomic Energy Community

The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) is an international organisation established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the original purpose of creating a specialist market for nuclear power in Europe; developing nuclear energy and distributing it to its member states while selling the surplus to non-member states.

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Explosive ROF

An Explosive ROF was a UK Government-owned Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF), which specialised in manufacturing explosives during and after World War II.

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Fallout (RTÉ drama)

Fallout is a RTÉ two-part fictional, doom laden, docu-drama.

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Fissile material

In nuclear engineering, fissile material is material capable of sustaining a nuclear fission chain reaction.

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Flocculation, in the field of chemistry, is a process wherein colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake, either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent.

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Food Standards Agency

The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

The was an energy accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, initiated primarily by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March 2011.

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Garda Síochána

An Garda Síochána (meaning "the Guardian of the Peace"), more commonly referred to as the Gardaí ("Guardians") or "the Guards", is the police force of the Republic of Ireland.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Government of Ireland

The Government of Ireland (Rialtas na hÉireann) is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in the Republic of Ireland.

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Government of the United Kingdom

The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.

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Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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Hanford Site

The Hanford Site is a decommissioned nuclear production complex operated by the United States federal government on the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington.

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Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.

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Health and Safety Executive

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the body responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare, and for research into occupational risks in Great Britain.

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Iberdrola is a Spanish public multinational electric utility company based in Bilbao, Basque Country.

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In Mortal Hands

In Mortal Hands: A Cautionary History of the Nuclear Age is a 2009 book by Stephanie Cooke.

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Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.

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International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

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International Nuclear Event Scale

The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) was introduced in 1990 by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in order to enable prompt communication of safety-significant information in case of nuclear accidents.

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Iodine-131 (131I) is an important radioisotope of iodine discovered by Glenn Seaborg and John Livingood in 1938 at the University of California, Berkeley.

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Irish Sea

The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.

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Isotope separation

Isotope separation is the process of concentrating specific isotopes of a chemical element by removing other isotopes.

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Isotopes of caesium

Caesium (55Cs; or cesium) has 40 known isotopes, making it, along with barium and mercury, the element with the most isotopes.

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Isotopes of rhodium

Naturally occurring rhodium (45Rh) is composed of only one stable isotope, 103Rh.

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ITV Yorkshire

ITV Yorkshire is the British television service provided by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the Yorkshire franchise area on the ITV network.

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John Cockcroft

Sir John Douglas Cockcroft, (27 May 1897 – 18 September 1967) was a British physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1951 for splitting the atomic nucleus with Ernest Walton, and was instrumental in the development of nuclear power.

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John Laing Group

John Laing Group plc (pronounced "Lang") is a British developer and operator of privately financed, public sector infrastructure projects such as roads, railways, hospitals and schools through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and Private Finance Initiative (PFI) arrangements.

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Kansai Electric Power Company

, also known as, is an electric utility with its operational area of Kansai region, Japan (including the Kobe-Osaka-Kyoto megalopolis).

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Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.

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Krypton-85 (85Kr) is a radioisotope of krypton.

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La Hague site

The La Hague site is a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant at La Hague on the Cotentin Peninsula in northern France.

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Les Barker

Les Barker is an English poet, who is famous for his comedic poetry and parodies of popular songs, but he has also produced some very serious thought-provoking written works.

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Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.

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Light-water reactor

The light-water reactor (LWR) is a type of thermal-neutron reactor that uses normal water, as opposed to heavy water, as both its coolant and neutron moderator – furthermore a solid form of fissile elements is used as fuel.

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List of cancer clusters

This is a list of cancer clusters.

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List of nuclear reactors

This is a list of all the commercial nuclear reactors in the world, sorted by country, with operational status.

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Lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents

These are lists of nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents.

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The litre (SI spelling) or liter (American spelling) (symbols L or l, sometimes abbreviated ltr) is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre (dm3), 1,000 cubic centimetres (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic metre. A cubic decimetre (or litre) occupies a volume of 10 cm×10 cm×10 cm (see figure) and is thus equal to one-thousandth of a cubic metre. The original French metric system used the litre as a base unit. The word litre is derived from an older French unit, the litron, whose name came from Greek — where it was a unit of weight, not volume — via Latin, and which equalled approximately 0.831 litres. The litre was also used in several subsequent versions of the metric system and is accepted for use with the SI,, p. 124. ("Days" and "hours" are examples of other non-SI units that SI accepts.) although not an SI unit — the SI unit of volume is the cubic metre (m3). The spelling used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures is "litre", a spelling which is shared by almost all English-speaking countries. The spelling "liter" is predominantly used in American English. One litre of liquid water has a mass of almost exactly one kilogram, because the kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at the temperature of melting ice. Subsequent redefinitions of the metre and kilogram mean that this relationship is no longer exact.

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London Review of Books

The London Review of Books (LRB) is a British journal of literary essays.

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Long ton

Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or displacement ton,Dictionary.com - "a unit for measuring the displacement of a vessel, equal to a long ton of 2240 pounds (1016 kg) or 35 cu.

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Low Level Waste Repository

Low Level Waste Repository (LLW Repository Ltd) is the UK's low-level radioactive waste repository located on the West Cumbrian coast, on the seaward side of the Cumbrian Coast Line, approximately south east of the Sellafield nuclear site at Drigg village.

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Magnox is a type of nuclear power/production reactor that was designed to run on natural uranium with graphite as the moderator and carbon dioxide gas as the heat exchange coolant.

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Malcolm Wicks

Malcolm Hunt Wicks (1 July 1947 – 29 September 2012) was a British Labour Party politician and academic specialising in social policy.

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Marilynne Robinson

Marilynne Summers Robinson (born November 26, 1943) is an American novelist and essayist.

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Melanie Johnson

Melanie Jane Johnson (born 5 February 1955 in Ipswich) is a Labour politician in the United Kingdom.

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Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released in June 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance.

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Ministry of Supply

The Ministry of Supply (MoS) was a department of the UK Government formed in 1939 to co-ordinate the supply of equipment to all three British armed forces, headed by the Minister of Supply.

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Mitchell Construction

Mitchell Construction was once a leading British civil engineering business based in Peterborough.

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Moorside Nuclear Power Station

Moorside Nuclear Power Station is proposed for a site near Sellafield, in Cumbria, United Kingdom.

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MOX fuel

Mixed oxide fuel, commonly referred to as MOX fuel, is nuclear fuel that contains more than one oxide of fissile material, usually consisting of plutonium blended with natural uranium, reprocessed uranium, or depleted uranium.

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National Grid (Great Britain)

The National Grid is the high-voltage electric power transmission network in Great Britain, connecting power stations and major substations and ensuring that electricity generated anywhere in GB (England, Scotland and Wales) can be used to satisfy demand elsewhere.

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National Nuclear Laboratory

The National Nuclear Laboratory (informally NNL, formerly Nexia Solutions) is a UK government owned and operated nuclear services technology provider covering the whole of the nuclear fuel cycle.

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Natural uranium

Natural uranium (NU, Unat) refers to uranium with the same isotopic ratio as found in nature.

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Nitric acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.

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Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that includes all types of lymphoma except Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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Norman Nicholson

Norman Cornthwaite Nicholson, OBE (8 January 1914 – 30 May 1987), was an English poet associated with the Cumbrian town of Millom.

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Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority

Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Statens strålevern, abbreviated to NRPA) is a Norwegian public agency under the Ministry of Health and Care Services headquartered in Østerås, Bærum municipality, Greater Oslo Region.

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Nuclear decommissioning

Nuclear decommissioning is the process whereby a nuclear facility is dismantled to the point that it no longer requires measures for radiation protection.

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Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) is a non-departmental public body of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, formed by the Energy Act 2004.

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Nuclear fuel cycle

The nuclear fuel cycle, also called nuclear fuel chain, is the progression of nuclear fuel through a series of differing stages.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.

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Nuclear power in the United Kingdom

Nuclear power in the United Kingdom generates around a quarter of the country's electricity as of 2016, projected to rise to a third by 2035.

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Nuclear power plant

A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.

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Nuclear reactor

A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.

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Nuclear reprocessing

Nuclear reprocessing technology was developed to chemically separate and recover fissionable plutonium from spent nuclear fuel.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

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Nuclear weapons and the United Kingdom

In October 1952, the United Kingdom (UK) became the third country to independently develop and test nuclear weapons.

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A nuclide (from nucleus, also known as nuclear species) is an atomic species characterized by the specific constitution of its nucleus, i.e., by its number of protons Z, its number of neutrons N, and its nuclear energy state.

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NuGeneration (NuGen) is a company with plans to build a new nuclear power station nearby the Sellafield nuclear site in the United Kingdom.

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Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant

Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant (Обнинская АЭС, Obninskaja AES) was built in the "Science City" of Obninsk,, who was there at the time.

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Office for Nuclear Regulation

The Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) is the safety regulator for the civil nuclear industry in the United Kingdom.

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Office of Gas and Electricity Markets

The Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), supporting the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (GEMA), is the government regulator for the electricity and downstream natural gas markets in Great Britain.

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Omega Point (album)

Omega Point Is the twelfth studio album by Spear of Destiny.

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Orano (previously Areva) is a French multinational group specializing in nuclear power and renewable energy headquartered in Paris La Défense.

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OSPAR Convention

The or OSPAR Convention is the current legislative instrument regulating international cooperation on environmental protection in the North-East Atlantic.

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Pathé News

Pathé News was a producer of newsreels and documentaries from 1910 until 1970 in the United Kingdom.

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Paul Foot

Paul Mackintosh Foot (8 November 1937 – 18 July 2004) was a British investigative journalist, political campaigner, author, and long-time member of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).

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A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.

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Plutonium-239 is an isotope of plutonium.

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Politics of Norway

The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy.

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Polonium is a chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84.

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Pound (mass)

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.

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Precipitation (chemistry)

Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution.

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Preston, Lancashire

Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England, on the north bank of the River Ribble.

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Public Accounts Committee (United Kingdom)

The Committee of Public Accounts is a select committee of the British House of Commons.

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Public Enemy (band)

Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, Khari Wynn, DJ Lord, and the S1W group.

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PUREX is a chemical method used to purify fuel for nuclear reactors or nuclear weapons.

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Radioactive contamination

Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition).

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Radioactive waste

Radioactive waste is waste that contains radioactive material.

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Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland

The Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland (RPII), An Institiúid Éireannach um Chosaint Raideolaíoch, was an independent public body in Ireland under the aegis of the Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment.

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Raidió Teilifís Éireann

Raidió Teilifís Éireann (Radio-Television of Ireland; abbreviated as RTÉ) is a semi-state company and the national public service broadcaster of Ireland.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

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River Calder, Cumbria

The River Calder is a river in Cumbria, England.

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River Ehen

The River Ehen is a river in Cumbria, England.

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Royal Ordnance Factory

Royal Ordnance Factories (ROFs) was the collective name of the UK government's munitions factories in and after World War II.

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Runrig are a Scottish Celtic rock group formed in Skye, in 1973 under the name 'The Run Rig Dance Band'.

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Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.

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Scottish Environment Protection Agency

The Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA; Buidheann Dìon Àrainneachd na h-Alba) is Scotland’s environmental regulator and national flood forecasting, flood warning and strategic flood risk management authority.

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Scottish Hydro Electric

Scottish Hydro plc (Scottish company number SC117119) was a public electricity supplier formed on 1 August 1989 after a change of name from North of Scotland Electricity plc on that date.

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Seascale is a village and civil parish on the Irish Sea coast of Cumbria in north-west England.

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Sellafield is a nuclear fuel reprocessing and nuclear decommissioning site, close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria, England.

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Sellafield Ltd

Sellafield Ltd is a nuclear decommissioning Site Licence Company (SLC) controlled by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), a government body set up specifically to deal with the nuclear legacy under the Energy Act 2004.

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Sellafield railway station

Sellafield railway station serves the nuclear facility of Sellafield in Cumbria, England.

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The sievert (symbol: SvNot be confused with the sverdrup or the svedberg, two non-SI units that sometimes use the same symbol.) is a derived unit of ionizing radiation dose in the International System of Units (SI) and is a measure of the health effect of low levels of ionizing radiation on the human body.

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A silo (from the Greek σιρός – siros, "pit for holding grain") is a structure for storing bulk materials.

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Societal collapse

Societal collapse is the fall of a complex human society.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spear of Destiny (band)

Spear of Destiny is a British rock band, founded in 1983 by singer and songwriter Kirk Brandon (born 3 August 1956 in London) and bassist Stan Stammers (born 19 May 1961).

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Springfields is a nuclear fuel production installation in Salwick, near Preston in Lancashire, England.

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SSE plc

SSE plc (formerly Scottish and Southern Energy plc) is a Scottish energy company headquartered in Perth, Scotland, United Kingdom.

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Stephanie Cooke

Stephanie S. Cooke is a journalist who began her reporting career in 1977 at the Associated Press.

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Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.

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Sting (musician)

Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner (born 2 October 1951), known as Sting, is an English singer, songwriter, and actor.

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A sump (American English and some parts of Canada: oil pan) is a low space that collects often undesirable liquids such as water or chemicals.

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Taylor Woodrow

Taylor Woodrow was one of the largest housebuilding and general construction companies in Britain.

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Technetium is a chemical element with symbol Tc and atomic number 43.

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Technetium-99 (99Tc) is an isotope of technetium which decays with a half-life of 211,000 years to stable ruthenium-99, emitting beta particles, but no gamma rays.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Engineer (magazine)

The Engineer is a London-based monthly magazine covering the latest developments and business news in engineering and technology in the UK and internationally.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The Independent

The Independent is a British online newspaper.

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The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.

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Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant

The Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant, or THORP, is a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant at Sellafield in Cumbria, England.

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Thermal-neutron reactor

A thermal-neutron reactor is a nuclear reactor that uses slow or thermal neutrons.

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Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.

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Tom Tuohy

Thomas Tuohy CBE (7 November 1917 – 12 March 2008) was deputy to the general manager at the Windscale nuclear facility when a major fire erupted on 10 October 1957.

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The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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A transformer is a static electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction.

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Tributyl phosphate

Tributyl phosphate, known commonly as TBP, is an organophosphorus compound with the chemical formula (CH3CH2CH2CH2O)3PO.

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U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin formed in 1976.

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UK miners' strike (1972)

The 1972 UK miners' strike was a major strike involving a dispute between the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and the Conservative Edward Heath government over pay.

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UK miners' strike (1984–85)

The miners' strike of 1984–85 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority

The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) is a UK government research organisation responsible for the development of nuclear fusion power.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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University of Dundee

The University of Dundee (abbreviated as Dund. for post-nominals) is a public research university based in the city and royal burgh of Dundee on the east coast of the central Lowlands of Scotland.

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Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

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Uranium oxide

Uranium oxide is an oxide of the element uranium.

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URS Corporation

URS Corporation (formerly United Research Services) was an engineering, design, and construction firm and a U.S. federal government contractor.

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A vocoder (a portmanteau of voice encoder) is a category of voice codec that analyzes and synthesizes the human voice signal for audio data compression, multiplexing, voice encryption, voice transformation, etc.

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Wast Water

Wast Water or Wastwater is a lake located in Wasdale, a valley in the western part of the Lake District National Park, England.

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Weapons-grade nuclear material

Weapons-grade nuclear material is any fissionable nuclear material that is pure enough to be used to make a nuclear weapon or has properties that make it particularly suitable for nuclear weapons use.

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Whitehaven is a town and port on the coast of Cumbria, England.

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Windscale fire

The Windscale fire of 10 October 1957 was the worst nuclear accident in Great Britain's history, ranked in severity at level 5 out of a possible 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale.

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World Nuclear Association

The World Nuclear Association (WNA) is the international organization that promotes nuclear power and supports the companies that comprise the global nuclear industry.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement

The 1958 US–UK Mutual Defense Agreement, or UK–US Mutual Defence Agreement, is a bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation.

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Calder Hall, Calder Hall nuclear power station, Dirty thirty (Sellafield), Fellside Power Station, ROF Drigg, ROF Sellafield, Sellafield MOX Plant, Sellafield controversy, Stop Sellafield, Windscale, Windscale Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor, Windscale Piles, Windscales piles.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sellafield

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