71 relations: Abydos King List, Abydos, Egypt, Alabaster, Amethyst, Ancient Greece, Anedjib, Archaeology, Archaism, Betrest, Breccia, Coronation of the pharaoh, Cult, Den (pharaoh), Djer, Djoser, Early Dynastic Period (Egypt), Ebony, Egyptian Museum, Egyptology, Epigraphy, Excavation (archaeology), First Dynasty of Egypt, Flinders Petrie, Granite, Hieroglyph, Historian, Horus name, Hotepsekhemwy, I. E. S. Edwards, Ideogram, Ivory, Jean-Philippe Lauer, Levant, Louvre, Lower Egypt, Manetho, Marble, Mastaba, Merneith, Narmer, National Archaeological Museum (France), Nekhbet, Nicolas Grimal, Old Kingdom of Egypt, Osiris, Palermo Stone, Pharaoh, Qa'a, Ramesses II, Saqqara, ..., Saqqara Tablet, Schist, Second Dynasty of Egypt, Sed festival, Seker, Serekh, Seshat, Step pyramid, Tax, Third Dynasty of Egypt, Toby Wilkinson, Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian, Turin King List, Turquoise, Two Ladies, Umm El Qa'ab, Upper Egypt, Wadjet, Walter Bryan Emery, Winifred Needler, Wolfgang Helck. Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
The Abydos King List, also known as the Abydos Table, is a list of the names of seventy-six kings of Ancient Egypt, found on a wall of the Temple of Seti I at Abydos, Egypt.
Abydos (أبيدوس.; Sahidic Ⲉⲃⲱⲧ) is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt, of which it was the capital city.
Alabaster is a mineral or rock that is soft, often used for carving, and is processed for plaster powder.
Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz often used in jewelry.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Anedjib, more correctly Adjib and also known as Hor-Anedjib, Hor-Adjib and Enezib, is the Horus name of an early Egyptian king who ruled during the 1st dynasty.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
In language, an archaism (from the ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
Betrest (also read as Batyires,Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, and BatiresGrajetski Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary Golden House Publications, pg. 4-5) was a royal queen of Ancient Egypt.
Breccia is a rock composed of broken fragments of minerals or rock cemented together by a fine-grained matrix that can be similar to or different from the composition of the fragments.
A coronation was an extremely important ritual in early and ancient Egyptian history, concerning the change of power and rulership between two succeeding pharaohs.
The term cult usually refers to a social group defined by its religious, spiritual, or philosophical beliefs, or its common interest in a particular personality, object or goal.
Den, also known as Hor-Den, Dewen and Udimu, is the Horus name of a pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period who ruled during the First Dynasty of Egypt.
Djer (or Zer or Sekhty) is considered the third pharaoh of the First Dynasty of ancient Egypt in current Egyptology.
Djoser (also read as Djeser and Zoser) was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoch.
The Archaic or Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is the era immediately following the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt c. 3100 BC.
Ebony is a dense black hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons.
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.
Egyptology (from Egypt and Greek -λογία, -logia. علم المصريات) is the study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, architecture and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the 4th century AD.
Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains.
The First Dynasty of ancient Egypt (Dynasty I) covers the first series of Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt.
Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS, FBA (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
The Horus name is the oldest known and used crest of Ancient Egyptian rulers.
Hotepsekhemwy is the Horus name of an early Egyptian king who was the founder of the 2nd dynasty.
Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards CBE, FBA (21 July 1909 – 24 September 1996) — known as I. E. S. Edwards— was an English Egyptologist considered to be a leading expert on the pyramids.
An ideogram or ideograph (from Greek ἰδέα idéa "idea" and γράφω gráphō "to write") is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.
Jean-Philippe Lauer (May 7, 1902 – May 15, 2001), was a French architect and Egyptologist.
The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Lower Egypt (مصر السفلى.) is the northernmost region of Egypt: the fertile Nile Delta, between Upper Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea — from El Aiyat, south of modern-day Cairo, and Dahshur.
Manetho (Μανέθων Manethōn, gen.: Μανέθωνος) is believed to have been an Egyptian priest from Sebennytus (ancient Egyptian: Tjebnutjer) who lived during the Ptolemaic era in the early 3rd century BC.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
A mastaba or pr-djt (meaning "house for eternity" or "eternal house" in Ancient Egyptian) is a type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with inward sloping sides, constructed out of mud-bricks (from the Nile River).
Merneith (also written Meritneith and Meryt-Neith) was a consort and a regent of Ancient Egypt during the first dynasty.
Narmer was an ancient Egyptian king of the Early Dynastic Period.
The musée d'Archéologie nationale is a major French archeology museum, covering pre-historic times to the Merovingian period.
Nekhbet (also spelt Nekhebit) was an early predynastic local goddess in Egyptian mythology, who was the patron of the city of Nekheb (her name meaning of Nekheb).
Nicolas-Christophe Grimal (born 13 November 1948 in Libourne) is a French Egyptologist.
The Old Kingdom, in ancient Egyptian history, is the period in the third millennium (c. 2686–2181 BC) also known as the 'Age of the Pyramids' or 'Age of the Pyramid Builders' as it includes the great 4th Dynasty when King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building and the pyramids of Giza were constructed under the kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.
Osiris (from Egyptian wsjr, Coptic) is an Egyptian god, identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld, and rebirth.
The Palermo Stone is one of seven surviving fragments of a stele known as the Royal Annals of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt.
Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.
Qa'a (also Qáa or Ka'a) was the last king of the First Dynasty of Egypt.
Ramesses II (variously also spelt Rameses or Ramses; born; died July or August 1213 BC; reigned 1279–1213 BC), also known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt.
Saqqara (سقارة), also spelled Sakkara or Saccara in English, is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis.
The Saqqara Tablet, now in the Egyptian Museum, is an ancient stone engraving which features a list of Egyptian pharaohs surviving from the Ramesside Period.
Schist (pronounced) is a medium-grade metamorphic rock with medium to large, flat, sheet-like grains in a preferred orientation (nearby grains are roughly parallel).
The Second Dynasty of ancient Egypt (or Dynasty II, c. 2890 – c. 2686 BC) is the latter of the two dynasties of the Egyptian Archaic Period, when the seat of government was centred at Thinis.
The Sed festival (ḥb-sd, conventional pronunciation; also known as Heb Sed or Feast of the Tail) was an ancient Egyptian ceremony that celebrated the continued rule of a pharaoh.
Seker (also spelled Sokar) is a falcon god of the Memphite necropolis.
A serekh was a specific important type of heraldic crest used in ancient Egypt.
Seshat, under various spellings, was the ancient Egyptian goddess of wisdom, knowledge, and writing.
A step pyramid or stepped pyramid is an architectural structure that uses flat platforms, or steps, receding from the ground up, to achieve a completed shape similar to a geometric pyramid.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
The Third Dynasty of ancient Egypt is the first dynasty of the Old Kingdom.
Toby A. H. Wilkinson (born 1969) is an English Egyptologist and academic.
In the field of Egyptology, transliteration of Ancient Egyptian is the process of converting (or mapping) texts written in the Egyptian language to alphabetic symbols representing uniliteral hieroglyphs or their hieratic and Demotic counterparts.
The Turin King List, also known as the Turin Royal Canon, is an ancient Egyptian hieratic papyrus thought to date from the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II, now in the Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) in Turin.
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O.
In Ancient Egyptian texts, the "Two Ladies" (Egyptian: Nebty) was a religious euphemism for the goddesses Wadjet and Nekhbet, two deities who were patrons of the Ancient Egyptians and worshiped by all after the unification of its two parts, Lower Egypt, and Upper Egypt.
Umm El Qa`āb (sometimes Umm El Ga'ab, أم القعاب) is the necropolis of the Early Dynastic kings at Abydos, in Egypt.
Upper Egypt (صعيد مصر, shortened to الصعيد) is the strip of land on both sides of the Nile that extends between Nubia and downriver (northwards) to Lower Egypt.
Wadjet (or; Egyptian wꜢḏyt "green one"), known to the Greek world as Uto (Οὐτώ/) or Buto (Βουτώ/) among other names including Wedjat, Uadjet, and Udjo was originally the ancient local goddess of the city of Dep (Buto).
Walter Bryan Emery (2 July 1902 – 11 March 1971) was a British Egyptologist born in Liverpool, England.
Winifred Needler (June 14, 1904 – September 5, 1987) was a German-born Canadian Egyptologist at the Museum of Ontario Archaeology, where she rose to be keeper of the Near Eastern Collections and later curator of the Egyptian Department.
Hans Wolfgang Helck (16 September 1914 – 27 August 1993) was a German Egyptologist, considered one of the most important Egyptologists of the 20th century.