93 relations: Action (firearms), AK-47, AR-15 style rifle, ArmaLite AR-10, Assault rifle, Assault weapon, Austria, Automatgevär m/42, Automatic rifle, AVS-36, Bayonet, Blow forward, Blowback (firearms), Bolt action, Cartridge (firearms), Centerfire ammunition, Charlton Automatic Rifle, Clip (firearms), Dragunov (SVD-63) sniper rifle, Farquhar-Hill rifle, Ferdinand Mannlicher, Firearm, FN Model 1949, Fusil Automatique Modèle 1917, Gas-operated reloading, General Liu rifle, Gewehr 41, Gewehr 43, Gun barrel, Heckler & Koch PSG1, Heckler & Koch SL6, Heckler & Koch SL7, Heckler & Koch SL8, John Browning, John Garand, Kbsp wz. 1938M, L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, Lebel Model 1886 rifle, Lee–Enfield, List of semi-automatic rifles, M1 carbine, M1 Garand, M1922 Bang rifle, M1941 Johnson rifle, Magazine (firearms), Marlin Model 60, MAS-36 rifle, MAS-49 rifle, Mondragón rifle, Personal defense weapon, ..., Pistol, Rasheed Carbine, Rate of fire, Recoil operation, Remington Arms, Remington Model 7400, Remington Model 8, Repeating rifle, Revolver, Rif War, Rifle, Rimfire ammunition, Ruger 10/22, Ruger Mini-14, Savage Arms, Semi-automatic firearm, Semi-automatic pistol, Semi-automatic shotgun, Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov, Shotgun, Single-shot, SKS, Soviet Union, Springfield Armory, Springfield Armory M1A, Springfield, Massachusetts, Stripper clip, SVT-40, T.C. Johnson, Trigger (firearms), United Kingdom, Vz. 52 rifle, Walther WA 2000, Winchester Model 1903, Winchester Model 1905, Winchester Model 1907, Winchester Repeating Arms Company, World War I, World War II, ZH-29, .300 Savage, .351 Winchester Self-Loading, 7.62×39mm. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
In firearms terminology, an action is the mechanism that handles the ammunition (loads, locks, fires, extracts and ejects) or the method by which that mechanism works.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
An AR-15 style rifle is a lightweight semi-automatic rifle based on the Colt AR-15 design.
The ArmaLite AR-10 is a 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle developed by Eugene Stoner in the late 1950s and manufactured by ArmaLite, then a division of the Fairchild Aircraft Corporation.
An assault rifle is a selective-fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.
Assault weapon is a term used in the United States to define some types of firearms.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Automatgevär m/42 (Ag m/42, outside of Sweden commonly known as the AG42, AG-42 or Ljungman) is a Swedish semi-automatic rifle which saw limited use by the Swedish Army from 1942 until the 1960s.
An automatic rifle is a type of self-loading rifle that is capable of automatic fire.
The AVS-36 (from Avtomaticheskaya Vintovka Simonova 1936 model; Автоматическая винтовка Симонова образца 1936 года (АВС-36)) was a Soviet automatic rifle which saw service in the early years of World War II.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
Blow-forward is a firearm operation type where the friction and pressure of the bullet traveling down the bore drag the barrel forward.
Blowback is a system of operation for self-loading firearms that obtains energy from the motion of the cartridge case as it is pushed to the rear by expanding gas created by the ignition of the propellant charge.
Bolt action is a type of firearm action where the handling of cartridges into and out of the weapon's barrel chamber are operated by manually manipulating the bolt directly via a handle, which is most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon (as most users are right-handed).
A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.
A centerfire cartridge is a cartridge with a primer located in the center of the cartridge case head.
The Charlton Automatic Rifle was a fully automatic conversion of the Lee–Enfield rifle, designed by New Zealander Philip Charlton in 1941 to act as a substitute for the Bren and Lewis gun light machine guns which were in chronically short supply at the time.
A clip is a device that is used to store multiple rounds of ammunition together as a unit, ready for insertion into the magazine or cylinder of a firearm.
The Dragunov sniper rifle (formal Снайперская Винтовка системы Драгунова образца 1963 года Snayperskaya Vintovka sistem'y Dragunova obraz'tsa 1963 goda (SVD-63), officially "Sniper Rifle, System of Dragunov, Model of the Year 1963") is a semi-automatic sniper/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR and developed in the Soviet Union.
The Farquhar-Hill rifle, a British design by Moubray G. Farquhar and Arthur H. Hill, was one of the first semi-automatic rifles designed in the early 20th century.
Ferdinand Ritter von Mannlicher (January 30, 1848 – January 20, 1904) was an Austrian engineer and small arms designer.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
The Fabrique Nationale Model 1949 (often referred to as the FN-49, SAFN or AFN) is a rifle available as both a semi-automatic rifle and as a selective fire automatic rifle designed by Dieudonné Saive and manufactured by Fabrique Nationale.
The Fusil Automatique Modèle 1917 (English: Model 1917 Automatic Rifle) (also called the RSC M1917) was a gas-operated, semi-automatic rifle that the French Army placed in service during the latter part (1918) of World War I. It was chambered in then-standard 8mm Lebel, the rimmed cartridge used in other French Army infantry weapons of the time. Altogether, MAT (Manufacture d'Armes de Tulle) had manufactured 86,000 RSC M1917 rifles when their production run ended in late November 1918. However very few have survived in fully functional, semi-automatic condition and those have become highly sought-after collectibles.
Gas-operation is a system of operation used to provide energy to operate autoloading firearms.
The General Liu rifle is named after its inventor and the first Superintendent of Hanyang Arsenal - General Qing En Liu (1869-1929), as the rifle never received any other designation.
The Gewehr 41 (German for: rifle 41), commonly known as the G41(W) or G41(M), is a semi-automatic rifle manufactured and used by Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Gewehr 43 or Karabiner 43 (abbreviated G43, K43, Gew 43, Kar 43) is a 7.92×57mm Mauser caliber semi-automatic rifle developed by Germany during World War II.
A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.
The PSG1 (Präzisionsschützengewehr, German for "precision shooter rifle") is a semi-automatic sniper rifle designed and produced by the German company Heckler & Koch of Oberndorf am Neckar.
The Heckler & Koch SL6 is a roller-delayed blowback operated sporting carbine made by Heckler & Koch.
The Heckler & Koch SL7 is a roller-delayed blowback operated sporting carbine made by Heckler & Koch.
The Heckler & Koch SL8 is a semi-automatic rifle manufactured by Heckler & Koch.
John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926) was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world.
Jean Cantius Garand (January 1, 1888 – February 16, 1974), also known as John C. Garand, was a Canadian-born designer of firearms who created the M1 Garand, a semi-automatic rifle that was widely used by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps during both World War II and the Korean War.
The Karabin samopowtarzalny wzór 38M (Kbsp wz.38M self-repeating rifle Model 38M), was a Polish 7.9 mm semi-automatic rifle used by the Polish Army during the Invasion of Poland of 1939.
The L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, also known as the SLR (Self-Loading Rifle), by the Canadian Army designation C1A1 (C1) or in the US as the "inch pattern" FAL.
The Lebel Model 1886 rifle (French: Fusil Modèle 1886 dit "Fusil Lebel") is also known as the "Fusil Mle 1886 M93", after a bolt modification was added in 1893.
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
A semi-automatic rifle is a rifle that fires a single round each time the trigger is pulled.
The M1 carbine (formally the United States Carbine, Caliber.30, M1) is a lightweight, easy to use,.30 caliber (7.62 mm) semi-automatic carbine that was a standard firearm for the U.S. military during World War II, the Korean War and well into the Vietnam War.
The M1 GarandOfficially designated as U.S. rifle, caliber.30, M1, later simply called Rifle, Caliber.30, M1, also called US Rifle, Cal.
The Model 1922 Bang rifle is a US semi-automatic rifle designed by the Danish arms designer Søren Hansen Bang.
The M1941 Johnson Rifle was an American short-recoil operated semi-automatic rifle designed by Melvin Johnson prior to World War II.
A magazine is an ammunition storage and feeding device within or attached to a repeating firearm.
The Marlin Model 60, also known as the Marlin Glenfield Model 60, is a semi-automatic rifle that fires the.22 LR rimfire cartridge.
The MAS Modèle 36, also known as the Fusil à répétition 7 mm 5 M. 36, is a military bolt-action rifle.
The MAS-49 is a French semi-automatic rifle that replaced various bolt action rifles as the French service rifle that was produced from 1949.
The Mondragón rifle may refer to two rifle designs developed by Mexican artillery officer General Manuel Mondragón.
Personal defense weapons (PDWs) are a class of compact semi-automatic (selective fire for military and law enforcement), magazine-fed, submachine gun like firearms – essentially a hybrid between a submachine gun and compact rifles.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
The Rasheed (or Rashid) is a semi-automatic carbine, derived from the Hakim Rifle and used by the Egyptian military.
Rate of fire is the frequency at which a specific weapon can fire or launch its projectiles.
Recoil operation is an operating mechanism used to implement locked-breech, autoloading firearms.
Remington Arms Company, LLC is an American manufacturer of firearms and ammunition in the United States.
The Remington Model 7400 is a series of semi-automatic rifles manufactured by Remington Arms.
The Remington Model 8 is a semi-automatic rifle designed by John Browning and produced by Remington Arms.
A repeating rifle, or repeater for short, is a single-barrel rifle capable of repeated discharges following a single ammunition reload, typically by having multiple cartridges stored in a magazine (within or attached to the gun) and then fed into the chamber by the bolt via either a manual or automatic mechanism, while the act of chambering the rifle typically also recocks the action for the following shot.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
The Rif War was an armed conflict fought from 1920 to 1927 between the colonial power Spain (later joined by France) and the Berber tribes of the Rif mountainous region. Led by Abd el-Krim, the Riffians at first inflicted several defeats on the Spanish forces by using guerrilla tactics and captured European weapons. After France's military intervention against Abd el-Krim's forces and the major landing of Spanish troops at Al Hoceima, considered the first amphibious landing in history to involve the use of tanks and aircraft, Abd el-Krim surrendered to the French and was taken into exile. In 1909, Rifian tribes aggressively confronted Spanish workers of the iron mines of the Rif, near Melilla, which led to the intervention of the Spanish Army. The military operations in Jebala, in the Moroccan West, began in 1911 with the Larache Landing. Spain worked to pacify a large part of the most violent areas until 1914, a slow process of consolidation of frontiers that lasted until 1919 due to World War I. The following year, after the signing of the Treaty of Fez, the northern Moroccan area was adjudicated to Spain as a protectorate. The Riffian populations strongly resisted the Spanish, unleashing a conflict that would last for several years. In 1921, the Spanish troops suffered the catastrophic Disaster of Annual, the biggest defeat in the history of Spain, in addition to a rebellion led by Rifian leader Abd el-Krim. As a result, the Spanish retreated to a few fortified positions while Abd el-Krim ultimately created an entire independent state: the Republic of the Rif. The development of the conflict and its end coincided with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who took on command of the campaign from 1924 to 1927. In addition, and after the Battle of Uarga in 1925, the French intervened in the conflict and established a joint collaboration with Spain that culminated in the notorious renowned Alhucemas landing. By 1926 the area had been pacified; Abd-el-Krim surrendered in July 1927; and the Spanish regained the previously lost territory. The Rif War is still considered controversial among historians. Some see in it a harbinger of the decolonization process in North Africa. Others consider it one of the last colonial wars, as it was the decision of the Spanish to conquer the Rif — nominally part of their Moroccan protectorate but de facto independent — that catalyzed the entry of France in 1924. The Rif War left a deep memory both in Spain and in Morocco. The Riffian insurgency of the 1920s can be interpreted as a precursor to the Algerian war of independence, which took place three decades later.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
Rimfire is a method of ignition for metallic firearm cartridges as well as the cartridges themselves.
The Ruger 10/22 is a series of semi-automatic rifles produced by American firearm manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co., chambered for the.22 Long Rifle rimfire cartridge.
The Mini-14 is a lightweight semi-automatic rifle manufactured by Sturm, Ruger & Co. used by law enforcement personnel and civilians.
The Savage Arms Company is a firearms manufacturing company based in Westfield, Massachusetts, with a division located in Canada.
A semi-automatic firearm, or self-loading firearm, is one that not only fires a bullet each time the trigger is pulled, but also performs all steps necessary to prepare it to discharge again—assuming cartridges remain in the firearm's feed device.
A semi-automatic pistol is a type of pistol that is semi-automatic, meaning it uses the energy of the fired cartridge to cycle the action of the firearm and advance the next available cartridge into position for firing.
A semi-automatic shotgun is a shotgun that is able to fire a shell after every trigger pull, without needing to manually chamber another round.
Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov (Russian: Сергей Гаврилович Симонов; 9 April 1894 – 6 May 1986) was a Russian weapons designer; he is one of the fathers of the modern assault rifle.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
Single-shot firearms are firearms that hold only a single round of ammunition, and must be reloaded after each shot.
The SKS is a Soviet semi-automatic carbine chambered for the 7.62×39mm round, designed in 1943 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Springfield Armory, located in the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, was the primary center for the manufacture of United States military firearms from 1777 until its closing in 1968, it was one of the first companies dedicated to the manufacture of weapons.
The Springfield Armory M1A is a civilian version of the M14 rifle designed and manufactured by Springfield Armory, Inc., beginning in 1974.
Springfield is a city in western New England, and the historical seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States.
A stripper clip (also known as a charger or charger clip, especially in British and in Commonwealth military vocabulary) is a speedloader that holds several cartridges (usually consisting between 5 and 10 rounds) together in a single unit for easier and faster loading of a firearm's magazine.
The SVT-40 (Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva, Obrazets 1940 goda, "Tokarev self-loading rifle, model of 1940", Russian: Самозарядная винтовка Токарева, образец 1940 года, often nicknamed "Sveta") is a Soviet semi-automatic rifle.
Thomas Crossley Johnson was an American firearms designer.
A trigger is a mechanism that actuates the firing sequence of a firearm, airgun, crossbow or speargun.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Walther WA 2000 is a semi-automatic bullpup sniper rifle that was produced by the Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen company.
The Winchester Model 1903 was the first commercially available semi-automatic firearm made by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.
The Winchester Model 1905 (also known as the Model 05), is a blowback-operated, semi-automatic rifle produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company beginning in 1905 and discontinued in 1920.
The Winchester Model 1907 is a blowback-operated, semi-automatic rifle produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company beginning in 1906 with production ending in 1958.
The Winchester Repeating Arms Company was a prominent American maker of repeating firearms, located in New Haven, Connecticut.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The ZH-29 was a semi-automatic rifle developed in Czechoslovakia during the late 1920s and used by the Chinese National Revolutionary Army.
The.300 Savage cartridge is a rimless,.30 caliber rifle cartridge developed by the Savage Arms Company in 1920.
The.351 Winchester Self-Loading (also called.351 SL or.351 WSL) is an American rifle cartridge.
The 7.62×39mm (aka 7.62 Soviet or formerly.30 Russian Short) round is a rimless bottlenecked intermediate cartridge of Soviet origin that was designed during World War II.