23 relations: Action potential, Afferent nerve fiber, Amputation, B vitamins, Cancer, Central nervous system, Chronic liver disease, Diabetes mellitus, Dorsal root ganglion, Efferent nerve fiber, Kidney disease, Motor nerve, Motor neuron, Myocardial infarction, Nerve, Neural pathway, Peripheral nervous system, Peripheral neuropathy, Sensory nervous system, Sensory neuron, Spinal nerve, Transduction (physiology), Ventral root of spinal nerve.
In physiology, an action potential occurs when the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and falls: this depolarisation then causes adjacent locations to similarly depolarise.
Afferent nerve fibers refer to axonal projections that arrive at a particular region; as opposed to efferent projections that exit the region.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
Chronic liver disease in the clinical context is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of progressive destruction and regeneration of the liver parenchyma leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A dorsal root ganglion (or spinal ganglion) (also known as a posterior root ganglion), is a cluster of neurons (a ganglion) in a dorsal root of a spinal nerve.
In the peripheral nervous system, an efferent nerve fiber is the axon of a motor neuron.
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.
A motor nerve is a nerve located in the central nervous system (CNS), usually the spinal cord, that sends motor signals from the CNS to the muscles of the body.This is different from the motor neuron, which includes a cell body and branching of dendrites, while the nerve is made up of a bundle of axons.
A motor neuron (or motoneuron) is a neuron whose cell body is located in the motor cortex, brainstem or the spinal cord, and whose axon (fiber) projects to the spinal cord or outside of the spinal cord to directly or indirectly control effector organs, mainly muscles and glands.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (nerve fibers, the long and slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.
A neural pathway is the connection formed by axons that project from neurons to make synapses onto neurons in another location, to enable a signal to be sent from one region of the nervous system to another.
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.
The sensory nervous system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information.
Sensory neurons also known as afferent neurons are neurons that convert a specific type of stimulus, via their receptors, into action potentials or graded potentials.
A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body.
In physiology, sensory transduction is the conversion of a sensory stimulus from one form to another.
In anatomy and neurology, the ventral root or anterior root is the efferent motor root of a spinal nerve.