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September Massacres

Index September Massacres

The September Massacres were a wave of killings in Paris and other cities from 2–7 September 1792, during the French Revolution. [1]

44 relations: A Tale of Two Cities, Ambroise Chevreux, Ancient Diocese of Saintes, Beatification, Bicêtre Hospital, Brunswick Manifesto, Champ de Mars, Charles Dickens, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution, Civil Constitution of the Clergy, Clergy, Congregation of Saint Maur, Fédéré, French Revolution, Georges Danton, Girondins, Grand Châtelet, Insurrection of 10 August 1792, Jacobin, Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve, Jean Marie du Lau, List of massacres in France, Louis XVI and the Legislative Assembly, Louis XVI of France, Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, Martyr, National Guard (France), Nicolas-Edme Rétif, Palace of Versailles, Paris Commune (French Revolution), Pierre Caron (historian), Pierre-Joseph Cambon, Pope Pius XI, Prison de l'Abbaye, Refractory clergy, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Arles, Roman Catholic Diocese of Beauvais, Sans-culottes, Simon Schama, Stanley Loomis, Swiss Guards, Verdun, War of the First Coalition.

A Tale of Two Cities

A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a historical novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution.

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Ambroise Chevreux

Ambroise Chevreux (13 February 1728, Orléans – 2 September 1792, Paris) was a French Benedictine.

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Ancient Diocese of Saintes

The former French diocese of Saintes existed from the 6th century to the French Revolution.

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Beatification

Beatification (from Latin beatus, "blessed" and facere, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name.

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Bicêtre Hospital

The Bicêtre Hospital is located in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, which is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.

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Brunswick Manifesto

The Brunswick Manifesto was a proclamation issued by Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, commander of the Allied Army (principally Austrian and Prussian), on 25 July 1792 to the population of Paris, France during the War of the First Coalition.

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Champ de Mars

The Champ de Mars (Field of Mars) is a large public greenspace in Paris, France, located in the seventh ''arrondissement'', between the Eiffel Tower to the northwest and the École Militaire to the southeast.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg und Fürst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel) (9 October 1735 – 10 November 1806), was ruler of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and a military leader.

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Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution

Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution is a book by the historian Simon Schama, published in 1989, the bicentenary of the French Revolution.

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Civil Constitution of the Clergy

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy ("Constitution civile du clergé") was a law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that caused the immediate subordination of the Catholic Church in France to the French government.

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Clergy

Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.

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Congregation of Saint Maur

The Congregation of St.

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Fédéré

The term "fédérés" (sometimes translated to English as "federates") most commonly refers to the troops who volunteered for the French National Guard in the summer of 1792 during the French Revolution.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Georges Danton

Georges Jacques Danton (26 October 1759 – 5 April 1794) was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution, in particular as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety.

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Girondins

The Girondins, Girondists or Gironde were members of a loosely knit political faction during the French Revolution.

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Grand Châtelet

The Grand Châtelet was a stronghold in Ancien Régime Paris, on the right bank of the Seine, on the site of what is now the Place du Châtelet; it contained a court and police headquarters and a number of prisons.

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Insurrection of 10 August 1792

The Insurrection of 10 August 1792 was a defining event of the French Revolution.

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Jacobin

The Society of the Friends of the Constitution (Société des amis de la Constitution), after 1792 renamed Society of the Jacobins, Friends of Freedom and Equality (Société des Jacobins, amis de la liberté et de l'égalité), commonly known as the Jacobin Club (Club des Jacobins) or simply the Jacobins, was the most influential political club during the French Revolution.

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Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve

Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve (3 January 1756 in Chartres, France – 18 June 1794 in Saint-Magne-de-Castillon (near Saint-Émilion)) was a French writer and politician who served as the second mayor of Paris, from 1791 to 1792.

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Jean Marie du Lau

Jean-Marie du Lau d'Allemans (30 October 1738, Biras – 2 September 1792, Paris) was the last Archbishop of Arles, and was one of the Catholic Martyrs of September 1792, killed in the course of the September Massacres which occurred during the French Revolution.

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List of massacres in France

The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in France (numbers may be approximate).

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Louis XVI and the Legislative Assembly

The French Revolution was a period in the history of France covering the years 1789 to 1799, in which republicans overthrew the Bourbon monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church in France perforce underwent radical restructuring.

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Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.

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Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe

Princess Marie-Louise Thérèse of Savoy-Carignan (8 September 1749 – 3 September 1792) was a member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy.

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Martyr

A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.

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National Guard (France)

The National Guard (la Garde nationale) is a French gendarmerie that existed from 1789 to 1872, including a period of official dissolution from 1827 to 1830, re-founded in 2016.

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Nicolas-Edme Rétif

Nicolas-Edme Rétif or Nicolas-Edme Restif (23 October 1734 – 3 February 1806), also known as Rétif de la Bretonne, was a French novelist.

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Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.

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Paris Commune (French Revolution)

The Paris Commune during the French Revolution was the government of Paris from 1792 until 1795.

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Pierre Caron (historian)

Pierre Caron (19 June 1875, Versailles – 19 January 1952, Paris) was a French historian and archivist, specialising in the French Revolution.

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Pierre-Joseph Cambon

Pierre-Joseph Cambon (10 June 1756 – 15 February 1820) was a French statesman.

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Pope Pius XI

Pope Pius XI, (Pio XI) born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939.

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Prison de l'Abbaye

The prison de l’Abbaye was a Paris prison in use from 1522 to 1854.

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Refractory clergy

During the French Revolution, the National Assembly abolished the traditional structure of the French Catholic Church and reorganized it as an institution within the structure of the new French government.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Arles

The former French Catholic Archbishopric of Arles had its episcopal see in the city of Arles, in southern France.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Beauvais

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Beauvais, Noyon, and Senlis (Latin: Dioecesis Bellovacensis, Noviomensis et Silvanectensis; French: Diocèse de Beauvais, Noyon et Senlis) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.

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Sans-culottes

The sans-culottes (literally "without breeches") were the common people of the lower classes in late 18th century France, a great many of whom became radical and militant partisans of the French Revolution in response to their poor quality of life under the Ancien Régime.

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Simon Schama

Sir Simon Michael Schama, CBE, FRSL, FBA (born 13 February 1945) is an English historian specialising in art history, Dutch history, and French history.

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Stanley Loomis

Stanley Loomis (21 December 1922 – 19 December 1972) was the author of four books on French history: Du Barry (1959), Paris in the Terror (1964), A Crime of Passion (1967), and The Fatal Friendship (1972).

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Swiss Guards

Swiss Guards (Gardes Suisses; Schweizergarde) are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century.

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Verdun

Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

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War of the First Coalition

The War of the First Coalition (Guerre de la Première Coalition) is the traditional name of the wars that several European powers fought between 1792 and 1797 against the French First Republic.

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Redirects here:

Prison massacres in France, September Massacre, September massacres, September massacres, 1792, Septembriseurs.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_Massacres

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