Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Serotonin

+ Save concept

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter. [1]

238 relations: Adenylyl cyclase, Adrenaline, Aggression, Agonist, Aldehyde, Aldehyde dehydrogenase, Amine, Amine oxide, Amino acid, Aminorex, Ammonia, Anadenanthera, Anadenanthera peregrina, Antidepressant, Antiemetic, Antipsychotic, Anxiogenic, Anxiolytic, Appetite, Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, Arthropod, Aspergillus niger, Banana, Beta cell, Betty Twarog, Bilateria, Biosynthesis, Blood plasma, Blood sugar level, Blood–brain barrier, Brainstem, Cabergoline, Caenorhabditis elegans, Cancer, Cardiac fibrosis, Caridoid escape reaction, Central nervous system, Cerebellum, Chemical synapse, Chemoreceptor trigger zone, Chemotherapy, Chlorphentermine, Circadian rhythm, Cleveland Clinic, Cocaine, Cooking banana, Cough medicine, Crayfish, Cuticle, Cytochrome P450, ..., Dauer larva, Debye, Decarboxylation, Deconica coprophila, Dendrite, Dextromethorphan, Dietary supplement, Dominance (ethology), Dominance hierarchy, Dopamine, Drosophila melanogaster, Drug, Drug overdose, Empathogen–entactogen, Endogeny (biology), Endothelium, Entamoeba histolytica, Enteric nervous system, Enterochromaffin cell, Enzyme, Ergotamine, Exocytosis, Fenfluramine, Fight-or-flight response, Fluoxetine, Food and Drug Administration, Fruit, Fungus, G protein–coupled receptor, Gastrointestinal tract, Generalized anxiety disorder, Gestation, Gi alpha subunit, Gq alpha subunit, Granisetron, Growth factor, Gs alpha subunit, GTPase, Hallucinogen, Happiness, Hemostasis, Hepatic portal system, Hickory, Hippocampus, Hornet, Human body, Hydroxy group, Hydroxylation, Hypertensive emergency, IC50, Indolamines, Indole, Insulin, Insulin-like growth factor, Intracellular, Invertebrate, Ion channel, Irvine Page, Kiwifruit, Knockout mouse, Ligand, Ligand (biochemistry), Lisuride, Lobster, Locus coeruleus, Lumen (anatomy), Lysergic acid diethylamide, Macaque, Major depressive disorder, Maurice M. Rapport, MDMA, Medulla oblongata, Mescaline, Metabolic pathway, Metabolite, Methylation, Methysergide, Metitepine, Mianserin, Midbrain, Migraine, Monoamine neurotransmitter, Monoamine oxidase, Monoamine oxidase A, Monoamine oxidase inhibitor, Monoamine transporter, Mood (psychology), Motivational salience, Muscle tone, Mushroom, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, Nausea, Neoplasm, Neuron, Neurotransmitter, Nitric oxide synthase, Norepinephrine, Octopamine (neurotransmitter), Ondansetron, Osteoblast, Osteocyte, Osteopenia, Panaeolus, Pancreas, Pergolide, Phospholipase C, Pineapple, Plant, Plasma membrane monoamine transporter, Platelet, Plum, Pons, Prefrontal cortex, Protein Data Bank, Protein isoform, Psilocin, Psilocybin, Psilocybin mushroom, Psychedelic drug, Pyridoxal phosphate, Quorum sensing, Radiation therapy, Raphe nuclei, Receptor (biochemistry), Redox, Reticular formation, Retroperitoneal fibrosis, Reuptake, Scientific American, Scorpion, Second messenger system, Seed, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Serotonergic, Serotonin receptor antagonist, Serotonin syndrome, Serotonin transporter, Sertraline, Sleep, Social anxiety disorder, Spinal cord, Swarm behaviour, TGF beta signaling pathway, The New England Journal of Medicine, Tissue (biology), Tomato, TPH1, TPH2, Tricyclic antidepressant, Tropisetron, Tryptamine, Tryptophan, Tryptophan hydroxylase, Tyramine, University of Bristol, University of Washington, Urine, Urtica dioica, Valvular heart disease, Vasoconstriction, Vegetable, Ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, Vertebrate, Vittorio Erspamer, Vomiting, Walnut, Wasp, 5-HT receptor, 5-HT1 receptor, 5-HT1A receptor, 5-HT1B receptor, 5-HT1D receptor, 5-HT1E receptor, 5-HT1F receptor, 5-HT2 receptor, 5-HT2A receptor, 5-HT2B receptor, 5-HT2C receptor, 5-HT2C receptor agonist, 5-HT3 antagonist, 5-HT3 receptor, 5-HT4 receptor, 5-HT5A receptor, 5-HT6 receptor, 5-HT7 receptor, 5-HTTLPR, 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid, 5-Hydroxytryptophan. Expand index (188 more) »

Adenylyl cyclase

Adenylyl cyclase (also commonly known as adenyl cyclase and adenylate cyclase, abbreviated AC) is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells.

New!!: Serotonin and Adenylyl cyclase · See more »

Adrenaline

Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.

New!!: Serotonin and Adrenaline · See more »

Aggression

Aggression is overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual.

New!!: Serotonin and Aggression · See more »

Agonist

An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.

New!!: Serotonin and Agonist · See more »

Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

New!!: Serotonin and Aldehyde · See more »

Aldehyde dehydrogenase

Aldehyde dehydrogenases are a group of enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of aldehydes.

New!!: Serotonin and Aldehyde dehydrogenase · See more »

Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Serotonin and Amine · See more »

Amine oxide

An amine oxide, also known as amine-N-oxide and N-oxide, is a chemical compound that contains the functional group R3N+−O−, an N−O coordinate covalent bond with three additional hydrogen and/or hydrocarbon side chains attached to N. Sometimes it is written as R3N→O or, wrongly, as R3N.

New!!: Serotonin and Amine oxide · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Serotonin and Amino acid · See more »

Aminorex

Aminorex (Menocil, Apiquel, aminoxaphen, aminoxafen, McN-742) is a weight loss (anorectic) stimulant drug.

New!!: Serotonin and Aminorex · See more »

Ammonia

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

New!!: Serotonin and Ammonia · See more »

Anadenanthera

Anadenanthera is a genus of South American trees in the Legume family, Fabaceae.

New!!: Serotonin and Anadenanthera · See more »

Anadenanthera peregrina

Anadenanthera peregrina, also known as yopo, jopo, cohoba, parica or calcium tree, is a perennial tree of the genus Anadenanthera native to the Caribbean and South America.

New!!: Serotonin and Anadenanthera peregrina · See more »

Antidepressant

Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.

New!!: Serotonin and Antidepressant · See more »

Antiemetic

An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.

New!!: Serotonin and Antiemetic · See more »

Antipsychotic

Antipsychotics, also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

New!!: Serotonin and Antipsychotic · See more »

Anxiogenic

An anxiogenic or panicogenic substance is one that causes anxiety.

New!!: Serotonin and Anxiogenic · See more »

Anxiolytic

An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety.

New!!: Serotonin and Anxiolytic · See more »

Appetite

Appetite is the desire to eat food, sometimes due to hunger.

New!!: Serotonin and Appetite · See more »

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC or AAAD), also known as DOPA decarboxylase (DDC), tryptophan decarboxylase, and 5-hydroxytryptophan decarboxylase, is a lyase enzyme.

New!!: Serotonin and Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase · See more »

Arthropod

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.

New!!: Serotonin and Arthropod · See more »

Aspergillus niger

Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus.

New!!: Serotonin and Aspergillus niger · See more »

Banana

A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

New!!: Serotonin and Banana · See more »

Beta cell

Beta cells (β cells) are a type of cell found in the pancreatic islets of the pancreas.

New!!: Serotonin and Beta cell · See more »

Betty Twarog

Betty Mack Twarog (August 28, 1927 – February 6, 2013) was an American biochemist who was the first to find serotonin in mammalian brain.

New!!: Serotonin and Betty Twarog · See more »

Bilateria

The Bilateria or bilaterians, or triploblasts, are animals with bilateral symmetry, i.e., they have a head (anterior) and a tail (posterior) as well as a back (dorsal) and a belly (ventral); therefore they also have a left side and a right side.

New!!: Serotonin and Bilateria · See more »

Biosynthesis

Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.

New!!: Serotonin and Biosynthesis · See more »

Blood plasma

Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.

New!!: Serotonin and Blood plasma · See more »

Blood sugar level

The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.

New!!: Serotonin and Blood sugar level · See more »

Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).

New!!: Serotonin and Blood–brain barrier · See more »

Brainstem

The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.

New!!: Serotonin and Brainstem · See more »

Cabergoline

Cabergoline (brand names Dostinex and others), an ergot derivative, is a potent dopamine receptor agonist on D2 receptors.

New!!: Serotonin and Cabergoline · See more »

Caenorhabditis elegans

Caenorhabditis elegans is a free-living (not parasitic), transparent nematode (roundworm), about 1 mm in length, that lives in temperate soil environments.

New!!: Serotonin and Caenorhabditis elegans · See more »

Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

New!!: Serotonin and Cancer · See more »

Cardiac fibrosis

Cardiac fibrosis may refer to an abnormal thickening of the heart valves due to inappropriate proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts but more commonly refers to the excess deposition of extracellular matrix in the cardiac muscle.

New!!: Serotonin and Cardiac fibrosis · See more »

Caridoid escape reaction

The caridoid escape reaction, also known as lobstering or tail-flipping, refers to an innate escape mechanism in marine and freshwater crustaceans such as lobsters, krill, shrimp and crayfish.

New!!: Serotonin and Caridoid escape reaction · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Serotonin and Central nervous system · See more »

Cerebellum

The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.

New!!: Serotonin and Cerebellum · See more »

Chemical synapse

Chemical synapses are biological junctions through which neurons' signals can be exchanged to each other and to non-neuronal cells such as those in muscles or glands.

New!!: Serotonin and Chemical synapse · See more »

Chemoreceptor trigger zone

The chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ) is an area of the medulla oblongata that receives inputs from blood-borne drugs or hormones, and communicates with other structures in the vomiting center to initiate vomiting.

New!!: Serotonin and Chemoreceptor trigger zone · See more »

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.

New!!: Serotonin and Chemotherapy · See more »

Chlorphentermine

Chlorphentermine (trade names Apsedon, Desopimon, Lucofen) is a serotonergic appetite suppressant of the amphetamine family.

New!!: Serotonin and Chlorphentermine · See more »

Circadian rhythm

A circadian rhythm is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.

New!!: Serotonin and Circadian rhythm · See more »

Cleveland Clinic

The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, that is owned and operated by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, an Ohio nonprofit corporation established in 1921.

New!!: Serotonin and Cleveland Clinic · See more »

Cocaine

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

New!!: Serotonin and Cocaine · See more »

Cooking banana

Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking.

New!!: Serotonin and Cooking banana · See more »

Cough medicine

Cough medicines are medications used in those with coughing and related conditions.

New!!: Serotonin and Cough medicine · See more »

Crayfish

Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.

New!!: Serotonin and Crayfish · See more »

Cuticle

A cuticle, or cuticula, is any of a variety of tough but flexible, non-mineral outer coverings of an organism, or parts of an organism, that provide protection.

New!!: Serotonin and Cuticle · See more »

Cytochrome P450

Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.

New!!: Serotonin and Cytochrome P450 · See more »

Dauer larva

Dauer (German "die dauer", "the enduring", from A.G. Fuchs (1937) Neue parasitische und halbparasitischa Nematoden bei Borkenkäfern und einige andere Nematoden) describes an alternative developmental stage of nematode worms, particularly rhabditids including Caenorhabditis elegans, whereby the larva goes into a type of stasis and can survive harsh conditions.

New!!: Serotonin and Dauer larva · See more »

Debye

The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.

New!!: Serotonin and Debye · See more »

Decarboxylation

Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).

New!!: Serotonin and Decarboxylation · See more »

Deconica coprophila

Deconica coprophila, commonly known as the dung-loving Psilocybe, is a species of mushroom in the Strophariaceae family.

New!!: Serotonin and Deconica coprophila · See more »

Dendrite

Dendrites (from Greek δένδρον déndron, "tree"), also dendrons, are branched protoplasmic extensions of a nerve cell that propagate the electrochemical stimulation received from other neural cells to the cell body, or soma, of the neuron from which the dendrites project.

New!!: Serotonin and Dendrite · See more »

Dextromethorphan

Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is a drug of the morphinan class with sedative, dissociative, and stimulant properties (at higher doses).

New!!: Serotonin and Dextromethorphan · See more »

Dietary supplement

A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.

New!!: Serotonin and Dietary supplement · See more »

Dominance (ethology)

Dominance in ethology is an "individual's preferential access to resources over another." Dominance in the context of biology and anthropology is the state of having high social status relative to one or more other individuals, who react submissively to dominant individuals.

New!!: Serotonin and Dominance (ethology) · See more »

Dominance hierarchy

Dominance hierarchy is a type of social hierarchy that arises when members of a social group interact, often aggressively, to create a ranking system.

New!!: Serotonin and Dominance hierarchy · See more »

Dopamine

Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.

New!!: Serotonin and Dopamine · See more »

Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.

New!!: Serotonin and Drosophila melanogaster · See more »

Drug

A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.

New!!: Serotonin and Drug · See more »

Drug overdose

The term drug overdose (or simply overdose or OD) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced.

New!!: Serotonin and Drug overdose · See more »

Empathogen–entactogen

Empathogens or entactogens are a class of psychoactive drugs that produce experiences of emotional communion, oneness, relatedness, emotional openness—that is, empathy or sympathy—as particularly observed and reported for experiences with 3,4- Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).

New!!: Serotonin and Empathogen–entactogen · See more »

Endogeny (biology)

Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.

New!!: Serotonin and Endogeny (biology) · See more »

Endothelium

Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.

New!!: Serotonin and Endothelium · See more »

Entamoeba histolytica

Entamoeba histolytica is an anaerobic parasitic amoebozoan, part of the genus Entamoeba.

New!!: Serotonin and Entamoeba histolytica · See more »

Enteric nervous system

The enteric nervous system (ENS) or intrinsic nervous system is one of the main divisions of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and consists of a mesh-like system of neurons that governs the function of the gastrointestinal tract.

New!!: Serotonin and Enteric nervous system · See more »

Enterochromaffin cell

Enterochromaffin (EC) cells (also known as Kulchitsky cells), discovered by Nikolai Kulchitsky of Karazin Kharkiv National University.

New!!: Serotonin and Enterochromaffin cell · See more »

Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Serotonin and Enzyme · See more »

Ergotamine

Ergotamine is an ergopeptine and part of the ergot family of alkaloids; it is structurally and biochemically closely related to ergoline.

New!!: Serotonin and Ergotamine · See more »

Exocytosis

Exocytosis is a form of active transport in which a cell transports molecules (e.g., neurotransmitters and proteins) out of the cell (exo- + cytosis) by expelling them through an energy-dependent process.

New!!: Serotonin and Exocytosis · See more »

Fenfluramine

Fenfluramine, formerly sold under the brand name Pondimin among others, is an appetite suppressant which was used to treat obesity and is now no longer marketed.

New!!: Serotonin and Fenfluramine · See more »

Fight-or-flight response

The fight-or-flight response (also called hyperarousal, or the acute stress response) is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival.

New!!: Serotonin and Fight-or-flight response · See more »

Fluoxetine

Fluoxetine, also known by trade names Prozac and Sarafem, among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.

New!!: Serotonin and Fluoxetine · See more »

Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

New!!: Serotonin and Food and Drug Administration · See more »

Fruit

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

New!!: Serotonin and Fruit · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Serotonin and Fungus · See more »

G protein–coupled receptor

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs), also known as seven-(pass)-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein–linked receptors (GPLR), constitute a large protein family of receptors that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses.

New!!: Serotonin and G protein–coupled receptor · See more »

Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

New!!: Serotonin and Gastrointestinal tract · See more »

Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry, that is, apprehensive expectation about events or activities.

New!!: Serotonin and Generalized anxiety disorder · See more »

Gestation

Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.

New!!: Serotonin and Gestation · See more »

Gi alpha subunit

Gi alpha subunit (Gαi, or Gi/G0 or Gi protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that inhibits the production of cAMP from ATP.

New!!: Serotonin and Gi alpha subunit · See more »

Gq alpha subunit

Gq protein (Gαq, or Gq/11) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that activates phospholipase C (PLC).

New!!: Serotonin and Gq alpha subunit · See more »

Granisetron

Granisetron is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used as an antiemetic to treat nausea and vomiting following chemotherapy.

New!!: Serotonin and Granisetron · See more »

Growth factor

A growth factor is a naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation, healing, and cellular differentiation.

New!!: Serotonin and Growth factor · See more »

Gs alpha subunit

The Gs alpha subunit (Gαs, Gsα, or Gs protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that activates the cAMP-dependent pathway by activating adenylyl cyclase.

New!!: Serotonin and Gs alpha subunit · See more »

GTPase

GTPases (singular GTPase) are a large family of hydrolase enzymes that can bind and hydrolyze guanosine triphosphate (GTP).

New!!: Serotonin and GTPase · See more »

Hallucinogen

A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness.

New!!: Serotonin and Hallucinogen · See more »

Happiness

In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.

New!!: Serotonin and Happiness · See more »

Hemostasis

Hemostasis or haemostasis is a process which causes bleeding to stop, meaning to keep blood within a damaged blood vessel (the opposite of hemostasis is hemorrhage).

New!!: Serotonin and Hemostasis · See more »

Hepatic portal system

In human anatomy, the hepatic portal system is the system of veins comprising the hepatic portal vein and its tributaries.

New!!: Serotonin and Hepatic portal system · See more »

Hickory

Hickory is a type of tree, comprising the genus Carya (κάρυον, káryon, meaning "nut").

New!!: Serotonin and Hickory · See more »

Hippocampus

The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.

New!!: Serotonin and Hippocampus · See more »

Hornet

Hornets (insects in the genera Vespa and Provespa) are the largest of the eusocial wasps, and are similar in appearance to their close relatives yellowjackets.

New!!: Serotonin and Hornet · See more »

Human body

The human body is the entire structure of a human being.

New!!: Serotonin and Human body · See more »

Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

New!!: Serotonin and Hydroxy group · See more »

Hydroxylation

Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.

New!!: Serotonin and Hydroxylation · See more »

Hypertensive emergency

A hypertensive emergency, also known as malignant hypertension, is high blood pressure with potentially life-threatening symptoms and signs indicative of acute impairment of one or more organ systems (especially the central nervous system, cardiovascular system or the kidneys).

New!!: Serotonin and Hypertensive emergency · See more »

IC50

The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) is a measure of the potency of a substance in inhibiting a specific biological or biochemical function.

New!!: Serotonin and IC50 · See more »

Indolamines

Indolamines are a family of neurotransmitters that share a common molecular structure (namely, indolamine).

New!!: Serotonin and Indolamines · See more »

Indole

Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with formula C8H7N.

New!!: Serotonin and Indole · See more »

Insulin

Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.

New!!: Serotonin and Insulin · See more »

Insulin-like growth factor

The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are proteins with high sequence similarity to insulin.

New!!: Serotonin and Insulin-like growth factor · See more »

Intracellular

In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means "inside the cell".

New!!: Serotonin and Intracellular · See more »

Invertebrate

Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.

New!!: Serotonin and Invertebrate · See more »

Ion channel

Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.

New!!: Serotonin and Ion channel · See more »

Irvine Page

Irvine Heinly Page (January 7, 1901 – June 10, 1991) was born in Indianapolis, Indiana and was an American physiologist who played an important part in the field of hypertension for almost 60 years while working at the Cleveland Clinic as the first Chair of Research.

New!!: Serotonin and Irvine Page · See more »

Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit (often abbreviated as kiwi), or Chinese gooseberry is the edible berry of several species of woody vines in the genus Actinidia.

New!!: Serotonin and Kiwifruit · See more »

Knockout mouse

A knockout mouse or knock-out mouse is a genetically modified mouse (Mus musculus) in which researchers have inactivated, or "knocked out", an existing gene by replacing it or disrupting it with an artificial piece of DNA.

New!!: Serotonin and Knockout mouse · See more »

Ligand

In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

New!!: Serotonin and Ligand · See more »

Ligand (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.

New!!: Serotonin and Ligand (biochemistry) · See more »

Lisuride

Lisuride, sold under the brand names Dopergin, Proclacam, and Revanil, is an antiparkinson agent of the iso-ergoline class, chemically related to the dopaminergic ergoline Parkinson's drugs.

New!!: Serotonin and Lisuride · See more »

Lobster

Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.

New!!: Serotonin and Lobster · See more »

Locus coeruleus

The locus coeruleus (\-si-ˈrü-lē-əs\, also spelled locus caeruleus or locus ceruleus) is a nucleus in the pons of the brainstem involved with physiological responses to stress and panic.

New!!: Serotonin and Locus coeruleus · See more »

Lumen (anatomy)

In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.

New!!: Serotonin and Lumen (anatomy) · See more »

Lysergic acid diethylamide

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.

New!!: Serotonin and Lysergic acid diethylamide · See more »

Macaque

The macaques (or pronunciation by Oxford Dictionaries) constitute a genus (Macaca) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

New!!: Serotonin and Macaque · See more »

Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.

New!!: Serotonin and Major depressive disorder · See more »

Maurice M. Rapport

Maurice Rapport (23 September 1919 – 18 August 2011) was a biochemist who is best known for his work with the neurotransmitter serotonin.

New!!: Serotonin and Maurice M. Rapport · See more »

MDMA

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as ecstasy (E), is a psychoactive drug used primarily as a recreational drug.

New!!: Serotonin and MDMA · See more »

Medulla oblongata

The medulla oblongata (or medulla) is located in the brainstem, anterior and partially inferior to the cerebellum.

New!!: Serotonin and Medulla oblongata · See more »

Mescaline

Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamine class, known for its hallucinogenic effects comparable to those of LSD and psilocybin.

New!!: Serotonin and Mescaline · See more »

Metabolic pathway

In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell.

New!!: Serotonin and Metabolic pathway · See more »

Metabolite

A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.

New!!: Serotonin and Metabolite · See more »

Methylation

In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.

New!!: Serotonin and Methylation · See more »

Methysergide

Methysergide (1-methyl-D-lysergic acid butanolamide or UML-491) also known as methysergide maleate, is an ergot derived prescription drug used for the prophylaxis of difficult to treat migraine and cluster headaches.

New!!: Serotonin and Methysergide · See more »

Metitepine

Metitepine (developmental code names Ro 8-6837 (maleate), VUFB-6276 (mesylate)), also known as methiothepin, is a drug described as a "psychotropic agent" of the tricyclic group which was never marketed.

New!!: Serotonin and Metitepine · See more »

Mianserin

Mianserin, sold under the brand name Tolvon among others, is an atypical antidepressant which is used in the treatment of depression in Europe and elsewhere in the world.

New!!: Serotonin and Mianserin · See more »

Midbrain

The midbrain or mesencephalon (from Greek mesos 'middle', and enkephalos 'brain') is a portion of the central nervous system associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sleep/wake, arousal (alertness), and temperature regulation.

New!!: Serotonin and Midbrain · See more »

Migraine

A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.

New!!: Serotonin and Migraine · See more »

Monoamine neurotransmitter

Monoamine neurotransmitters are neurotransmitters and neuromodulators that contain one amino group that is connected to an aromatic ring by a two-carbon chain (such as -CH2-CH2-). All monoamines are derived from aromatic amino acids like phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and the thyroid hormones by the action of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase enzymes.

New!!: Serotonin and Monoamine neurotransmitter · See more »

Monoamine oxidase

L-Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.

New!!: Serotonin and Monoamine oxidase · See more »

Monoamine oxidase A

Monoamine oxidase A, also known as MAO-A, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAOA gene.

New!!: Serotonin and Monoamine oxidase A · See more »

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are a class of drugs that inhibit the activity of one or both monoamine oxidase enzymes: monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B).

New!!: Serotonin and Monoamine oxidase inhibitor · See more »

Monoamine transporter

Monoamine transporters (MATs) are protein structures that function as integral plasma-membrane transporters to regulate concentrations of extracellular monoamine neurotransmitters.

New!!: Serotonin and Monoamine transporter · See more »

Mood (psychology)

In psychology, a mood is an emotional state.

New!!: Serotonin and Mood (psychology) · See more »

Motivational salience

Motivational salience is a cognitive process and a form of attention that motivates, or propels, an individual's behavior towards or away from a particular object, perceived event, or outcome.

New!!: Serotonin and Motivational salience · See more »

Muscle tone

In physiology, medicine, and anatomy, muscle tone (residual muscle tension or tonus) is the continuous and passive partial contraction of the muscles, or the muscle's resistance to passive stretch during resting state.

New!!: Serotonin and Muscle tone · See more »

Mushroom

A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.

New!!: Serotonin and Mushroom · See more »

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a tryptamine molecule which occurs in many plants and animals.

New!!: Serotonin and N,N-Dimethyltryptamine · See more »

Nausea

Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.

New!!: Serotonin and Nausea · See more »

Neoplasm

Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

New!!: Serotonin and Neoplasm · See more »

Neuron

A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.

New!!: Serotonin and Neuron · See more »

Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

New!!: Serotonin and Neurotransmitter · See more »

Nitric oxide synthase

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine.

New!!: Serotonin and Nitric oxide synthase · See more »

Norepinephrine

Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.

New!!: Serotonin and Norepinephrine · See more »

Octopamine (neurotransmitter)

Octopamine is an organic chemical closely related to norepinephrine, and synthesized biologically by a homologous pathway.

New!!: Serotonin and Octopamine (neurotransmitter) · See more »

Ondansetron

Ondansetron, marketed under the brand name Zofran, is a medication used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery.

New!!: Serotonin and Ondansetron · See more »

Osteoblast

Osteoblasts (from the Greek combining forms for "bone", ὀστέο-, osteo- and βλαστάνω, blastanō "germinate") are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone.

New!!: Serotonin and Osteoblast · See more »

Osteocyte

An osteocyte, a star-shaped type of bone cell, is the most commonly found cell in mature bone tissue, and can live as long as the organism itself.

New!!: Serotonin and Osteocyte · See more »

Osteopenia

Osteopenia is a condition in which bone mineral density is lower than normal.

New!!: Serotonin and Osteopenia · See more »

Panaeolus

Panaeolus is a genus of small, black-spored, saprotrophic agarics.

New!!: Serotonin and Panaeolus · See more »

Pancreas

The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.

New!!: Serotonin and Pancreas · See more »

Pergolide

Pergolide (trade names Permax, Prascend) is an ergoline-based dopamine receptor agonist used in some countries for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD).

New!!: Serotonin and Pergolide · See more »

Phospholipase C

Phospholipase C (PLC) is a class of membrane-associated enzymes that cleave phospholipids just before the phosphate group (see figure).

New!!: Serotonin and Phospholipase C · See more »

Pineapple

The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.

New!!: Serotonin and Pineapple · See more »

Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Serotonin and Plant · See more »

Plasma membrane monoamine transporter

The plasma membrane monoamine transporter (PMAT) is a low-affinity monoamine transporter protein which in humans is encoded by the SLC29A4 gene.

New!!: Serotonin and Plasma membrane monoamine transporter · See more »

Platelet

Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.

New!!: Serotonin and Platelet · See more »

Plum

A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit).

New!!: Serotonin and Plum · See more »

Pons

The pons (Latin for "bridge") is part of the brainstem, and in humans and other bipeds lies inferior to the midbrain, superior to the medulla oblongata and anterior to the cerebellum.

New!!: Serotonin and Pons · See more »

Prefrontal cortex

In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.

New!!: Serotonin and Prefrontal cortex · See more »

Protein Data Bank

The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is a crystallographic database for the three-dimensional structural data of large biological molecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids.

New!!: Serotonin and Protein Data Bank · See more »

Protein isoform

A protein isoform, or "protein variant" is a member of a set of highly similar proteins that originate from a single gene or gene family and are the result of genetic differences.

New!!: Serotonin and Protein isoform · See more »

Psilocin

Psilocin (also known as 4-HO-DMT, 4-hydroxy DMT, psilocine, psilocyn, or psilotsin) is a substituted tryptamine alkaloid and a serotonergic psychedelic substance.

New!!: Serotonin and Psilocin · See more »

Psilocybin

Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic prodrug compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms, collectively known as psilocybin mushrooms.

New!!: Serotonin and Psilocybin · See more »

Psilocybin mushroom

A psilocybin mushroom is one of a polyphyletic group of fungi that contain any of various psychedelic compounds, including psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin.

New!!: Serotonin and Psilocybin mushroom · See more »

Psychedelic drug

Psychedelics are a class of drug whose primary action is to trigger psychedelic experiences via serotonin receptor agonism, causing thought and visual/auditory changes, and altered state of consciousness.

New!!: Serotonin and Psychedelic drug · See more »

Pyridoxal phosphate

Pyridoxal phosphate (PLP, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, P5P), the active form of vitamin B6, is a coenzyme in a variety of enzymatic reactions.

New!!: Serotonin and Pyridoxal phosphate · See more »

Quorum sensing

In biology, quorum sensing is the ability to detect and to respond to cell population density by gene regulation.

New!!: Serotonin and Quorum sensing · See more »

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

New!!: Serotonin and Radiation therapy · See more »

Raphe nuclei

The raphe nuclei (ῥαφή "seam"Liddell, H.G. & Scott, R. (1940). A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones. with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford: Clarendon Press.) are a moderate-size cluster of nuclei found in the brain stem.

New!!: Serotonin and Raphe nuclei · See more »

Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

New!!: Serotonin and Receptor (biochemistry) · See more »

Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Serotonin and Redox · See more »

Reticular formation

The reticular formation is a set of interconnected nuclei that are located throughout the brainstem.

New!!: Serotonin and Reticular formation · See more »

Retroperitoneal fibrosis

Retroperitoneal fibrosis or Ormond's disease is a disease featuring the proliferation of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneum, the compartment of the body containing the kidneys, aorta, renal tract, and various other structures.

New!!: Serotonin and Retroperitoneal fibrosis · See more »

Reuptake

Reuptake is the reabsorption of a neurotransmitter by a neurotransmitter transporter located along the plasma membrane of an axon terminal (i.e., the pre-synaptic neuron at a synapse) or glial cell after it has performed its function of transmitting a neural impulse.

New!!: Serotonin and Reuptake · See more »

Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

New!!: Serotonin and Scientific American · See more »

Scorpion

Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones.

New!!: Serotonin and Scorpion · See more »

Second messenger system

Second messengers are intracellular signaling molecules released by the cell in response to exposure to extracellular signaling molecules—the first messengers.

New!!: Serotonin and Second messenger system · See more »

Seed

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

New!!: Serotonin and Seed · See more »

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.

New!!: Serotonin and Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor · See more »

Serotonergic

Serotonergic or serotoninergic means "pertaining to or affecting serotonin".

New!!: Serotonin and Serotonergic · See more »

Serotonin receptor antagonist

A serotonin antagonist, or serotonin receptor antagonist, is a drug used to inhibit the action at serotonin (5-HT) receptors.

New!!: Serotonin and Serotonin receptor antagonist · See more »

Serotonin syndrome

Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a group of symptoms that may occur following use of certain serotonergic medications or drugs.

New!!: Serotonin and Serotonin syndrome · See more »

Serotonin transporter

The serotonin transporter (SERT or 5-HTT) also known as the sodium-dependent serotonin transporter and solute carrier family 6 member 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC6A4 gene.

New!!: Serotonin and Serotonin transporter · See more »

Sertraline

Sertraline, sold under the trade names Zoloft among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.

New!!: Serotonin and Sertraline · See more »

Sleep

Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.

New!!: Serotonin and Sleep · See more »

Social anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterized by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life.

New!!: Serotonin and Social anxiety disorder · See more »

Spinal cord

The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

New!!: Serotonin and Spinal cord · See more »

Swarm behaviour

Swarm behaviour, or swarming, is a collective behaviour exhibited by entities, particularly animals, of similar size which aggregate together, perhaps milling about the same spot or perhaps moving en masse or migrating in some direction.

New!!: Serotonin and Swarm behaviour · See more »

TGF beta signaling pathway

The transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling pathway is involved in many cellular processes in both the adult organism and the developing embryo including cell growth, cell differentiation, apoptosis, cellular homeostasis and other cellular functions.

New!!: Serotonin and TGF beta signaling pathway · See more »

The New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society.

New!!: Serotonin and The New England Journal of Medicine · See more »

Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

New!!: Serotonin and Tissue (biology) · See more »

Tomato

The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

New!!: Serotonin and Tomato · See more »

TPH1

Tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) is an isoenzyme of tryptophan hydroxylase which in humans is encoded by the TPH1 gene.

New!!: Serotonin and TPH1 · See more »

TPH2

Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) is an isozyme of tryptophan hydroxylase found in vertebrates.

New!!: Serotonin and TPH2 · See more »

Tricyclic antidepressant

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are a class of medications that are used primarily as antidepressants.

New!!: Serotonin and Tricyclic antidepressant · See more »

Tropisetron

Tropisetron (INN) is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used mainly as an antiemetic to treat nausea and vomiting following chemotherapy, although it has been used experimentally as an analgesic in cases of fibromyalgia.

New!!: Serotonin and Tropisetron · See more »

Tryptamine

Tryptamine is a monoamine alkaloid.

New!!: Serotonin and Tryptamine · See more »

Tryptophan

Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Serotonin and Tryptophan · See more »

Tryptophan hydroxylase

Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

New!!: Serotonin and Tryptophan hydroxylase · See more »

Tyramine

Tyramine (also spelled tyramin), also known by several other names is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine.

New!!: Serotonin and Tyramine · See more »

University of Bristol

The University of Bristol (simply referred to as Bristol University and abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, or UoB) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.

New!!: Serotonin and University of Bristol · See more »

University of Washington

The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.

New!!: Serotonin and University of Washington · See more »

Urine

Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.

New!!: Serotonin and Urine · See more »

Urtica dioica

Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.

New!!: Serotonin and Urtica dioica · See more »

Valvular heart disease

Valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more of the four valves of the heart (the aortic and bicuspid valves on the left side of heart and the pulmonary and tricuspid valves on the right side of heart. These conditions occur largely as a consequence of aging,Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study. Nkomo VT, Gardin JM, Skelton TN, Gottdiener JS, Scott CG, Enriquez-Sarano. Lancet. 2006 Sep;368(9540):1005-11. but may also be the result of congenital (inborn) abnormalities or specific disease or physiologic processes including rheumatic heart disease and pregnancy. Anatomically, the valves are part of the dense connective tissue of the heart known as the cardiac skeleton and are responsible for the regulation of blood flow through the heart and great vessels. Valve failure or dysfunction can result in diminished heart functionality, though the particular consequences are dependent on the type and severity of valvular disease. Treatment of damaged valves may involve medication alone, but often involves surgical valve repair (valvuloplasty) or replacement (insertion of an artificial heart valve).

New!!: Serotonin and Valvular heart disease · See more »

Vasoconstriction

Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.

New!!: Serotonin and Vasoconstriction · See more »

Vegetable

Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

New!!: Serotonin and Vegetable · See more »

Ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus

The ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN, also sometimes referred to as the ventromedial hypothalamus, VMH) is a nucleus of the hypothalamus.

New!!: Serotonin and Ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus · See more »

Vertebrate

Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

New!!: Serotonin and Vertebrate · See more »

Vittorio Erspamer

Vittorio Erspamer (30 July 1909 – 25 October 1999) was an Italian pharmacologist and chemist, known for the identification, synthesis and pharmacological studies of more than sixty new chemical compounds, most notably serotonin and octopamine.

New!!: Serotonin and Vittorio Erspamer · See more »

Vomiting

Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

New!!: Serotonin and Vomiting · See more »

Walnut

A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.

New!!: Serotonin and Walnut · See more »

Wasp

A wasp is any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant.

New!!: Serotonin and Wasp · See more »

5-HT receptor

5-hydroxytryptamine receptors or 5-HT receptors, or serotonin receptors, are a group of G protein-coupled receptor and ligand-gated ion channels found in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT receptor · See more »

5-HT1 receptor

The 5-HT1 receptors are a subfamily of the 5-HT serotonin receptors that bind to the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1 receptor · See more »

5-HT1A receptor

The serotonin 1A receptor (or 5-HT1A receptor) is a subtype of serotonin receptor (5-HT receptor) that binds the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1A receptor · See more »

5-HT1B receptor

5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B also known as the 5-HT1B receptor is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR1B gene.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1B receptor · See more »

5-HT1D receptor

5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 1D, also known as HTR1D, is a 5-HT receptor, but also denotes the human gene encoding it.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1D receptor · See more »

5-HT1E receptor

5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) 1E receptor (5-HT1E) is a highly expressed human G-protein coupled receptor that belongs to the 5-HT1 receptor family (Gi-coupled serotonin receptor).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1E receptor · See more »

5-HT1F receptor

5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 1F, also known as HTR1F is a 5-HT1 receptor protein and also denotes the human gene encoding it.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT1F receptor · See more »

5-HT2 receptor

The 5-HT2 receptors are a subfamily of 5-HT receptors that bind the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT2 receptor · See more »

5-HT2A receptor

The mammalian 5-HT2A receptor is a subtype of the 5-HT2 receptor that belongs to the serotonin receptor family and is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT2A receptor · See more »

5-HT2B receptor

5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B (5-HT2B) also known as serotonin receptor 2B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR2B gene.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT2B receptor · See more »

5-HT2C receptor

The 5-HT2C receptor is a subtype of 5-HT receptor that binds the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT2C receptor · See more »

5-HT2C receptor agonist

Serotonin 5-HT2 receptors are stimulated by monoamine neurotransmitters including serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT2C receptor agonist · See more »

5-HT3 antagonist

The 5-HT3 antagonists, informally known as "setrons", are a class of drugs that act as receptor antagonists at the 5-HT3 receptor, a subtype of serotonin receptor found in terminals of the vagus nerve and in certain areas of the brain.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT3 antagonist · See more »

5-HT3 receptor

The 5-HT3 receptor belongs to the Cys-loop superfamily of ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs) and therefore differs structurally and functionally from all other 5-HT receptors (5-hydroxytryptamine, or serotonin) receptors which are G protein-coupled receptors.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT3 receptor · See more »

5-HT4 receptor

5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR4 gene.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT4 receptor · See more »

5-HT5A receptor

5-Hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 5A, also known as HTR5A, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR5A gene.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT5A receptor · See more »

5-HT6 receptor

The 5HT6 receptor is a subtype of 5HT receptor that binds the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT).

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT6 receptor · See more »

5-HT7 receptor

The 5-HT7 receptor is a member of the GPCR superfamily of cell surface receptors and is activated by the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) The 5-HT7 receptor is coupled to Gs (stimulates the production of the intracellular signaling molecule cAMP) and is expressed in a variety of human tissues, particularly in the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, and in various blood vessels.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HT7 receptor · See more »

5-HTTLPR

5-HTTLPR (serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region) is a degenerate repeat polymorphic region in SLC6A4, the gene that codes for the serotonin transporter.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-HTTLPR · See more »

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) is the main metabolite of serotonin.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid · See more »

5-Hydroxytryptophan

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), also known as oxitriptan, is a naturally occurring amino acid and chemical precursor as well as a metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

New!!: Serotonin and 5-Hydroxytryptophan · See more »

Redirects here:

5 hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT, 5-HydroxyTryptamine, 5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-ht, 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid, 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT, Enteramine, Hydroxyindolacetic acid, Seratonin, Seretonin, Seritonin, Serotonergic system, Serotonin agents, Serotonin and aging, Serotonin synthesis, Serotonine, Sertonin.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serotonin

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »