131 relations: Accounting software, Application server, ARPANET, Availability, Backup, Carbon footprint, Catalog server, Central processing unit, Client (computing), Client–server model, Codebase, Common Object Request Broker Architecture, Communications server, Computer, Computer appliance, Computer cluster, Computer file, Computer hardware, Computer monitor, Computer program, Computing, Daemon (computing), Data, Data center, Database, Database server, Dell DRAC, Digital asset management, Digital audio, Digital video, Directory (computing), Directory service, Distributed object communication, Domain Name System, ECC memory, Email, Email client, Failure rate, Fault tolerance, Fax, Fax server, File server, File sharing, Forwarding (object-oriented programming), FreeBSD, Game, Game server, Graphical user interface, Hard disk drive, Host (network), ..., Hot swapping, HP Integrated Lights-Out, Intelligent Platform Management Interface, Intermediary, Internet, Internet Engineering Task Force, Jargon File, John Wiley & Sons, Kendall's notation, Laptop, Linux, Local area network, MacOS Server, Media server, Message transfer agent, Method (computer programming), Metonymy, Microsoft Management Console, Mission critical, Mobile server, Name server, Network transparency, Object (computer science), Open Compute Project, Open-source model, Out-of-band management, Peer-to-peer, Personal computer, Post office, Power supply, PowerShell, Preboot Execution Environment, Prentice Hall, Print server, Printer (computing), Process (computing), Proxy server, Publish–subscribe pattern, Pull technology, Push technology, Queueing theory, Quid pro quo, Rack unit, RAID, Random-access memory, Reconfigurable computing, Redundancy (engineering), Request–response, Root name server, Secure Shell, Skype, Snail mail, Software distribution, Sound server, Spreadsheet, Streaming media, Supercomputer, System resource, Systems architecture, Telephony, The Climate Group, The New York Times, Uninterruptible power supply, Uptime, USB, Video game console, Volume (computing), Water cooling, Web application, Web browser, Web page, Web server, Web service, Website, Wikimedia Foundation, Windows domain, Windows Server, Windows service, World Wide Web, Z/OS, 19-inch rack. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting software describes a type of application software that records and processes accounting transactions within functional modules such as accounts payable, accounts receivable,journal, general ledger, payroll, and trial balance.
An application server is a software framework that provides both facilities to create web applications and a server environment to run them.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
In reliability theory and reliability engineering, the term availability has the following meanings.
In information technology, a backup, or the process of backing up, refers to the copying into an archive file of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.
A carbon footprint is historically defined as the total emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation, or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent.
A catalog server provides a single point of access that allows users to centrally search for information across a distributed network.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
A client is a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server.
The client–server model is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.
In software development, a codebase (or code base) refers to a whole collection of source code that is used to build a particular software system, application, or software component.
The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) is a standard defined by the Object Management Group (OMG) designed to facilitate the communication of systems that are deployed on diverse platforms.
Communications servers are open, standards-based computing systems that operate as a carrier-grade common platform for a wide range of communications applications and allow equipment providers to add value at many levels of the system architecture.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A computer appliance is a computer with software or firmware that is specifically designed to provide a specific computing resource.
A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
In multitasking computer operating systems, a daemon is a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of an interactive user.
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.
A data center (American English) or data centre (Commonwealth English) is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
A database server is a server which houses a database application that provides database services to other computer programs or to computers, as defined by the client–server model.
The Dell Remote Access Controller or DRAC is an out-of-band management platform on certain Dell servers.
The management of digital assets requires the unbroken maintenance of the ownership of a digitized object while permitting access to those who have obtained rights to that access.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
In computing, a directory is a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories.
In computing, directory service or name service maps the names of network resources to their respective network addresses.
In a distributed computing environment, distributed object communication realizes communication between distributed objects.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.
Error-correcting code memory (ECC memory) is a type of computer data storage that can detect and correct the most common kinds of internal data corruption.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
In Internet, an email client, email reader or more formally mail user agent (MUA) is a computer program in the category of groupware environments used to access and manage a user's email.
Failure rate is the frequency with which an engineered system or component fails, expressed in failures per unit of time.
Fault tolerance is the property that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure (or one or more faults within) some of its components.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
A fax server is a system installed in a local area network (LAN) server that allows computer users whose computers are attached to the LAN to send and receive fax messages.
In computing, a file server (or fileserver) is a computer attached to a network that provides a location for shared disk access, i.e. shared storage of computer files (such as text, image, sound, video) that can be accessed by the workstations that are able to reach the computer that shares the access through a computer network.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
In object-oriented programming, forwarding means that using a member of an object (either a property or a method) results in actually using the corresponding member of a different object: the use is forwarded to another object.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
A game is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool.
A game server (also sometimes referred to as a host) is a server which is the authoritative source of events in a multiplayer video game.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network.
Hot swapping (frequently inaccurately called hot plugging) is replacing or adding components without stopping or shutting down the system.
Integrated Lights-Out, or iLO, is a proprietary embedded server management technology by Hewlett-Packard which provides out-of-band management facilities.
The Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a set of computer interface specifications for an autonomous computer subsystem that provides management and monitoring capabilities independently of the host system's CPU, firmware (BIOS or UEFI) and operating system.
An intermediary (or go-between) is a third party that offers intermediation services between two parties.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
The Jargon File is a glossary and usage dictionary of slang used by computer programmers.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
In queueing theory, a discipline within the mathematical theory of probability, Kendall's notation (or sometimes Kendall notation) is the standard system used to describe and classify a queueing node.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
macOS Server, formerly Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is a separately sold operating system add-on which provides additional server programs along with management and administration tools for macOS.
A media server refers either to a dedicated computer appliance or to a specialized application software, ranging from an enterprise class machine providing video on demand, to, more commonly, a small personal computer or NAS (Network Attached Storage) for the home, dedicated for storing various digital media (meaning digital videos/movies, audio/music, and picture files).
Within Internet message handling services (MHS), a message transfer agent or mail transfer agent (MTA) or mail relay is software that transfers electronic mail messages from one computer to another using a client–server application architecture.
A method in object-oriented programming (OOP) is a procedure associated with a message and an object.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of Windows 2000 and its successors that provides system administrators and advanced users an interface for configuring and monitoring the system.
A mission critical factor of a system is any factor (component, equipment, personnel, process, procedure, software, etc.) that is essential to business operation or to an organization.
A mobile server is a computer system (computer hardware and operating system) that responds to requests across a computer network to provide, or help to provide, a network service, while being easily portable in a laptop form factor.
A name server is a computer application that implements a network service for providing responses to queries against a directory service.
Network transparency, in its most general sense, refers to the ability of a protocol to transmit data over the network in a manner which is transparent (invisible) to those using the applications that are using the protocol.
In computer science, an object can be a variable, a data structure, a function, or a method, and as such, is a value in memory referenced by an identifier.
The Open Compute Project (OCP) is an organization that shares designs of data center products among companies, including Facebook, Intel, Nokia, Google, Microsoft, Seagate Technology, Dell, Rackspace, Cisco, Goldman Sachs, Fidelity, Lenovo and Alibaba Group.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
In computer networks, out-of-band management involves the use of a dedicated channel for managing network devices.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
A post office is a customer service facility forming part of a national postal system.
A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical load.
PowerShell is a task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language.
In computing, the Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, sometimes pronounced as pixie) specification describes a standardized client-server environment that boots a software assembly, retrieved from a network, on PXE-enabled clients.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
A print server, or printer server, is a device that connects printers to client computers over a network.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.
In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers.
In software architecture, publish–subscribe is a messaging pattern where senders of messages, called publishers, do not program the messages to be sent directly to specific receivers, called subscribers, but instead categorize published messages into classes without knowledge of which subscribers, if any, there may be.
Pull coding or client pull is a style of network communication where the initial request for data originates from the client, and then is responded to by the server.
Push technology, or server push, is a style of Internet-based communication where the request for a given transaction is initiated by the publisher or central server.
Queueing theory is the mathematical study of waiting lines, or queues.
Quid pro quo ("something for something" in Latin) is a phrase used in English to mean an exchange of goods or services, in which one transfer is contingent upon the other; "a favour for a favour".
A rack unit (abbreviated U or RU) is a unit of measure defined as.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) is a data storage virtualization technology that combines multiple physical disk drive components into one or more logical units for the purposes of data redundancy, performance improvement, or both.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Reconfigurable computing is a computer architecture combining some of the flexibility of software with the high performance of hardware by processing with very flexible high speed computing fabrics like field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs).
In engineering, redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the form of a backup or fail-safe, or to improve actual system performance, such as in the case of GNSS receivers, or multi-threaded computer processing.
Request–response, or request–reply, is one of the basic methods computers use to communicate with each other, in which the first computer sends a request for some data and the second computer responds to the request.
A root name server is a name server for the root zone of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.
Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network.
Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones.
Snail mail and smail (from snail + mail) — named after the snail with its slow speed — is a retronym that refers to letters and missives carried by conventional postal delivery services.
Software distribution is the process of delivering software to the end user.
A sound server is software that manages the use of and access to audio devices (usually a sound card).
A spreadsheet is an interactive computer application for organization, analysis and storage of data in tabular form.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
In computing, a system resource, or simply resource, is any physical or virtual component of limited availability within a computer system.
A system architecture or systems architecture is the conceptual model that defines the structure, behavior, and more views of a system.
Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.
The Climate Group is a non-profit organization that works internationally with businesses and sub-national governments to accelerate climate action.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
An uninterruptible power supply or uninterruptible power source (UPS) is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source or mains power fails.
Uptime is a measure of the time a machine, typically a computer, has been working and available.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
In computer data storage, a volume or logical drive is a single accessible storage area with a single file system, typically (though not necessarily) resident on a single partition of a hard disk.
Water cooling is a method of heat removal from components and industrial equipment.
In computing, a web application or web app is a client–server computer program which the client (including the user interface and client-side logic) runs in a web browser.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
A web page (also written as webpage) is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers.
Web server refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web.
The term web service is either.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.
A Windows domain is a form of a computer network in which all user accounts, computers, printers and other security principals, are registered with a central database located on one or more clusters of central computers known as domain controllers.
Windows Server is a brand name for a group of server operating systems released by Microsoft.
In Windows NT operating systems, a Windows service is a computer program that operates in the background.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
z/OS is a 64-bit operating system for IBM mainframes, produced by IBM.
A 19-inch rack is a standardized frame or enclosure for mounting multiple electronic equipment modules.
Computer server, Enterprise Server, Enterprise Sever, Enterprise server, Internet server, Net server, Network Server, Network server, Network servers, PC server, Remote server, Server (Computing), Server (computer), Server (hardware), Server application, Server computer, Server computing, Server hardware, Server operating system, Server software.