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Sexual orientation

Index Sexual orientation

Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender. [1]

160 relations: Alfred Kinsey, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Psychiatric Association, American Psychological Association, Amygdala, Androgen, Androgyny, Androphilia and gynephilia, Anil Aggrawal, Anthropology, Ascribed characteristics, Asexuality, Behavioural sciences, Bias, Binary number, Biology, Biology and sexual orientation, Bisexuality, Bisexuality in the United States, Blood–brain barrier, Bruce Bagemihl, Bruce Voeller, Carl Jung, Cengage, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Cisgender, Closeted, Clyde Martin, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Columbia University Press, Coming out, Conversion therapy, Design of experiments, Digit ratio, Dihydrotestosterone, Effeminacy, Elsevier, Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003, Environment and sexual orientation, Fa'afafine, Fear, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Femininity, Fritz Klein (sex researcher), Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, Fundamental Rights Agency, Gay, Gaydar, Gender, Gender binary, ..., Gender identity, Gene, Genetic diagnosis of intersex, Genetics, Genome-wide association study, Glbtq.com, Hate crime, Havelock Ellis, Heterosexism, Heterosexual–homosexual continuum, Heterosexuality, History, History of gay men in the United States, History of lesbianism in the United States, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Hormone, Human brain, Human male sexuality, Human rights, Human sexual activity, Human sexuality, Identity (social science), Innate bisexuality, Intersex, J. Michael Bailey, Journal of Homosexuality, Journal of Sex Research, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, Kenneth Zucker, Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Kinsey Reports, Kinsey scale, Law, Lesbian, LGBT, LGBT rights at the United Nations, LGBT rights by country or territory, LGBT stereotypes, List of anti-discrimination acts, Magnus Hirschfeld, Marriage, Marshall Cavendish, Masculinity, Masters and Johnson, Michel Foucault, Miguel A. De La Torre, Milton Diamond, National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality, National Association of Social Workers, National LGBTQ Task Force, Neuroimaging, Non-heterosexual, Ostracism, Pan American Health Organization, Pansexuality, Paul Gebhard, Paula Allen-Meares, Paula Rodriguez Rust, Pediatrics (journal), Penile plethysmograph, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Polysexuality, Prenatal hormones and sexual orientation, Primate, Psychology, Queer, Queer studies, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Ritch Savin-Williams, Romance (love), Romantic orientation, Royal College of Psychiatrists, Same gender loving, Same-sex marriage, Samoa, Sample (statistics), Scientific consensus, Sex, Sex assignment, Sexology, Sexual arousal, Sexual attraction, Sexual differentiation, Sexual identity, Sexual norm, Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service, Sexual orientation hypothesis, Sigmund Freud, Social constructionism, Sociosexual orientation, Sodomy law, Springer Publishing, Stereotype, Terminology of homosexuality, Testosterone, The Bisexual Option, The History of Sexuality, The Salt Lake Tribune, Third gender, Trans man, Trans woman, Transgender, United Kingdom, United Nations, Vaginal photoplethysmograph, Wardell Pomeroy, Western culture, World Health Organization, Xq28. Expand index (110 more) »

Alfred Kinsey

Alfred Charles Kinsey (June 23, 1894 – August 25, 1956) was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, previously known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction.

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American Academy of Pediatrics

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an American professional association of pediatricians, headquartered in Itasca, Illinois.

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American Psychiatric Association

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.

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American Psychological Association

The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.

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Amygdala

The amygdala (plural: amygdalae; also corpus amygdaloideum; Latin from Greek, ἀμυγδαλή, amygdalē, 'Almond', 'tonsil') is one of two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans.

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Androgen

An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.

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Androgyny

Androgyny is the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics.

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Androphilia and gynephilia

Androphilia and gynephilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual orientation, as an alternative to a gender binary homosexual and heterosexual conceptualization.

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Anil Aggrawal

Anil Aggrawal is a professor of forensic medicine at the Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

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Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

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Ascribed characteristics

Ascribed characteristics, as used in the social sciences, refers to properties of an individual attained at birth, by inheritance, or through the aging process.

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Asexuality

Asexuality is the lack of sexual attraction to others, or low or absent interest in or desire for sexual activity.

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Behavioural sciences

The term behavioral sciences encompasses the various disciplines that explores the cognitive processes within organisms and the behavioural interactions between organisms in the natural world.

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Bias

Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.

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Binary number

In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).

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Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Biology and sexual orientation

The relationship between biology and sexual orientation is a subject of research.

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Bisexuality

Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes alternatively termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

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Bisexuality in the United States

This article addresses the history of bisexuality in the United States. It covers this history from 1892, when the first English-language use of the word "bisexual", in the sense of being sexually attracted to both women and men, occurred, to the present.

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Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Bruce Bagemihl

Bruce Bagemihl is a Canadian biologist, linguist, and author of the book Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity.

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Bruce Voeller

Bruce Raymond Voeller (May 12, 1934 – February 13, 1994) was a biologist and researcher, primarily in the field of AIDS and gay rights activist.

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Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.

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Cengage

Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.

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Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH; Centre de toxicomanie et de santé mentale) is a mental health teaching hospital in with central facilities located in Toronto and 10 community locations throughout the province of Ontario, Canada.

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Cisgender

Cisgender (often abbreviated to simply cis) is a term for people whose gender identity matches the sex that they were assigned at birth.

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Closeted

Closeted and in the closet are adjectives for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender etc.

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Clyde Martin

Clyde E. Martin (January 2, 1918 – December 5, 2014) was an American sexologist.

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Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.

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Columbia University Press

Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.

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Coming out

Coming out of the closet, or simply coming out, is a metaphor for LGBT people's self-disclosure of their sexual orientation or of their gender identity.

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Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual using psychological or spiritual interventions.

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Design of experiments

The design of experiments (DOE, DOX, or experimental design) is the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the variation of information under conditions that are hypothesized to reflect the variation.

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Digit ratio

The digit ratio is the ratio of the lengths of different digits or fingers typically measured from the midpoint of bottom crease (where the finger joins the hand) to the tip of the finger.

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Dihydrotestosterone

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.

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Effeminacy

Effeminacy is the manifestation of traits in a boy or man that are more often associated with feminine nature, behavior, mannerism, style, or gender roles rather than with masculine nature, behavior, mannerisms, style or roles.

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Elsevier

Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003

The Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003 are secondary legislation in the United Kingdom, which prohibited employers unreasonably discriminating against employees on grounds of sexual orientation, perceived sexual orientation, religion or belief and age.

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Environment and sexual orientation

The study of the environment and sexual orientation is research into possible environmental influences on the development of human sexual orientation.

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Fa'afafine

Fa'afafine are people who identify themselves as a third-gender in Samoa, American Samoa and the Samoan diaspora.

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Fear

Fear is a feeling induced by perceived danger or threat that occurs in certain types of organisms, which causes a change in metabolic and organ functions and ultimately a change in behavior, such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

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Femininity

Femininity (also called girlishness, womanliness or womanhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and women.

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Fritz Klein (sex researcher)

Fred "Fritz" Klein (December 27, 1932May 24, 2006) was an Austrian-born American psychiatrist and sex researcher who studied bisexuals and their relationships.

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Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology

Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of neuroendocrinology.

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Fundamental Rights Agency

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (usually known in English as the Fundamental Rights Agency; FRA) is a Vienna-based agency of the European Union inaugurated on 1 March 2007.

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Gay

Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.

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Gaydar

Gaydar (a portmanteau of gay and radar) is a colloquialism referring to the intuitive ability of a person to assess others' sexual orientations as gay, bisexual or heterosexual.

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Gender

Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.

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Gender binary

The gender binary, also referred to as gender binarism (sometimes shortened to just binarism), is the classification of sex and gender into two distinct, opposite and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine.

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Gender identity

Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.

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Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Genetic diagnosis of intersex

Intersex people are born with variations in physical and sex characteristics including those of the chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".

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Genetics

Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

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Genome-wide association study

In genetics, a genome-wide association study (GWA study, or GWAS), also known as whole genome association study (WGA study, or WGAS), is an observational study of a genome-wide set of genetic variants in different individuals to see if any variant is associated with a trait.

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Glbtq.com

glbtq.com was an online encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer (GLBTQ) culture.

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Hate crime

A hate crime (also known as a bias-motivated crime or bias crime) is a prejudice-motivated crime which occurs when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her membership (or perceived membership) in a certain social group or race.

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Havelock Ellis

Henry Havelock Ellis, known as Havelock Ellis (2 February 1859 – 8 July 1939), was an English physician, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.

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Heterosexism

Heterosexism is a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships.

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Heterosexual–homosexual continuum

The heterosexual–homosexual continuum or the sexual orientation continuum is a psychological and philosophical understanding of human sexuality that places sexual orientation on a continuous spectrum from heterosexuality to homosexuality, with sexuality ranging from exclusive attraction to the opposite sex to exclusive attraction to the same sex.

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Heterosexuality

Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of the opposite sex or gender.

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History

History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.

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History of gay men in the United States

This article is about the history of gay men in the United States. For lesbians, please see History of lesbianism in the United States.

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History of lesbianism in the United States

This article addresses the history of lesbianism in the United States. Unless otherwise noted, the members of same-sex female couples discussed here are not known to be lesbian (rather than for example bisexual), but they are mentioned as part of discussing the practice of lesbianism — that is, same-sex female sexual and romantic behavior.

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Homophobia

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).

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Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Human brain

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.

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Human male sexuality

Human male sexuality covers physiological, psychological, social, cultural, and political aspects of the human male sexual response and related phenomena.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Human sexual activity

Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality.

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Human sexuality

Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.

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Identity (social science)

In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).

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Innate bisexuality

Innate bisexuality (or predisposition to bisexuality) is a term introduced by Sigmund Freud (based on work by his associate Wilhelm Fliess), that expounds all humans are born bisexual but through psychological development (which includes both external and internal factors) most become monosexual while the bisexuality remains in a latent state.

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Intersex

Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".

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J. Michael Bailey

John Michael Bailey (born July 2, 1957) is an American psychologist and professor at Northwestern University.

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Journal of Homosexuality

The Journal of Homosexuality is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research into sexual practices and gender roles in their cultural, historical, interpersonal, and modern social contexts.

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Journal of Sex Research

The Journal of Sex Research is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the study of human sexuality and the field of sexology in general.

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Karl Heinrich Ulrichs

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (28 August 1825 – 14 July 1895) was a German writer who is seen today as a pioneer of the modern gay rights movement.

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Kenneth Zucker

Kenneth J. Zucker (born 1950) is an American-Canadian psychologist and sexologist.

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Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction

The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction (often shortened to The Kinsey Institute) was a nonprofit research institute at Indiana University until November 30, 2016, when it merged with Indiana University "abolishing the 1947 independent incorporation absolutely and completely." It was established in Bloomington, Indiana in 1947.

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Kinsey Reports

The Kinsey Reports are two books on human sexual behavior, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), written by Alfred Kinsey, Paul Gebhard, Wardell Pomeroy and others and published by Saunders.

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Kinsey scale

The Kinsey scale, also called the Heterosexual–Homosexual Rating Scale, is used in research to describe a person's sexual orientation based on their experience or response at a given time.

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Law

Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

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Lesbian

A lesbian is a homosexual woman.

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LGBT

LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

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LGBT rights at the United Nations

Discussions of LGBT rights at the United Nations have included resolutions and joint statements in the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), attention by the expert led human rights mechanisms, such as the United Nations Treaty Bodies and Special Procedures, as well as by the UN Agencies.

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LGBT rights by country or territory

Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.

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LGBT stereotypes

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) stereotypes are conventional, formulaic generalizations, opinions, or images based on the sexual orientations or gender identities of LGBT people.

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List of anti-discrimination acts

This is a list of anti-discrimination acts (often called discrimination acts or anti-discrimination laws), which are laws designed to prevent discrimination.

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Magnus Hirschfeld

Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a German Jewish physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg.

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Marriage

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).

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Marshall Cavendish

Marshall Cavendish is a subsidiary company of Times Publishing Group, the printing and publishing subsidiary of Singapore-based conglomerate Fraser and Neave (which in turn currently owned by ThaiBev) and at present is a publisher of books, business directories and magazines.

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Masculinity

Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and men.

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Masters and Johnson

The Masters and Johnson research team, composed of William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990s.

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Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

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Miguel A. De La Torre

Miguel A. De La Torre (born 6 October 1958) is a professor of Social Ethics and Latinx Studies at Iliff School of Theology, a scholar-activist, author, and an ordained Southern Baptist minister.

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Milton Diamond

Milton Diamond (born March 6, 1934 in New York City) is a Professor Emeritus of anatomy and reproductive biology at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

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National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality

The National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH), also known as the NARTH Institute, is a US organization that promotes conversion therapy, a series of discredited, dangerous and unethical regimens that purport to change the sexual orientation of people with same-sex attraction.

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National Association of Social Workers

The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) is a professional organization of social workers in the United States.

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National LGBTQ Task Force

The National LGBTQ Task Force is an American social justice advocacy non-profit organizing the grassroots power of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) community.

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Neuroimaging

Neuroimaging or brain imaging is the use of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function/pharmacology of the nervous system.

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Non-heterosexual

Non-heterosexual is a sexual orientation or sexual identity that is not heterosexual.

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Ostracism

Ostracism (ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years.

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Pan American Health Organization

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO; originally the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau) is an international public health agency working to improve health and living standards of the people of the Americas.

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Pansexuality

Pansexuality, or omnisexuality, is the sexual, romantic or emotional attraction towards people regardless of their sex or gender identity.

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Paul Gebhard

Paul Henry Gebhard (July 3, 1917 – July 9, 2015) was an American anthropologist and sexologist.

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Paula Allen-Meares

Paula G. Allen-Meares (born 1948) is an American academic who served as the chancellor of the University of Illinois at Chicago from 2009 to 2015.

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Paula Rodriguez Rust

Paula Claire Rodriguez Rust (born 1959) is an American sociologist who studies sexual orientation, especially bisexuality.

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Pediatrics (journal)

Pediatrics is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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Penile plethysmograph

Penile plethysmography (PPG) or phallometry is measurement of bloodflow to the penis, typically used as a proxy for measurement of sexual arousal.

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Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," was the second largest daily printed newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States until it transitioned to an all-digital format on December 1, 2016.

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Polysexuality

Polysexuality is sexual attraction to multiple, but not all, genders.

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Prenatal hormones and sexual orientation

The hormonal theory of sexuality holds that, just as exposure to certain hormones plays a role in fetal sex differentiation, such exposure also influences the sexual orientation that emerges later in the adult.

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Primate

A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

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Psychology

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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Queer

Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender.

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Queer studies

Queer studies, sexual diversity studies, or LGBT studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity usually focusing on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and intersex people and cultures.

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Richard von Krafft-Ebing

Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902; full name Richard Fridolin Joseph Freiherr Krafft von Festenberg auf Frohnberg, genannt von Ebing) was an Austro–German psychiatrist and author of the foundational work Psychopathia Sexualis (1886).

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Ritch Savin-Williams

Ritch C. Savin-Williams, Ph.D, (born 1949) is professor emeritus of developmental psychology at Cornell University who specializes in gay, lesbian, and bisexual research.

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Romance (love)

Romance is the expressive and generally pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person.

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Romantic orientation

Romantic orientation, also called affectional orientation, indicates the sex or gender with which a person is most likely to have a romantic relationship or fall in love.

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Royal College of Psychiatrists

The Royal College of Psychiatrists is the main professional organisation of psychiatrists in the United Kingdom, and is responsible for representing psychiatrists, for psychiatric research and for providing public information about mental health problems.

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Same gender loving

Same-gender-loving, or SGL, a term coined for African American use by activist Cleo Manago, is a description for homosexuals and bisexuals in the African American community.

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Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.

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Samoa

Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.

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Sample (statistics)

In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure.

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Scientific consensus

Scientific consensus is the collective judgment, position, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study.

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Sex

Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.

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Sex assignment

Sex assignment (sometimes known as gender assignment) is the determination of an infant's sex at birth.

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Sexology

Sexology is the scientific study of human sexuality, including human sexual interests, behaviors and functions.

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Sexual arousal

Sexual arousal (also sexual excitement) is the arousal of sexual desire, during or in anticipation of sexual activity.

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Sexual attraction

Sexual attraction is attraction on the basis of sexual desire or the quality of arousing such interest.

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Sexual differentiation

Sexual differentiation is the process of development of the differences between males and females from an undifferentiated zygote.

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Sexual identity

Sexual identity is how one thinks of oneself in terms of to whom one is romantically or sexually attracted.

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Sexual norm

A sexual norm can refer to a personal or a social norm.

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Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service

LGBT personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, in addition to Brazil, Chile, South Africa, Israel, and South Korea.

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Sexual orientation hypothesis

The sexual orientation hypothesis is a hypothesis proposed by Donald McCreary in 1994 that attempts to explain the impact of gender stereotypes on judgments about sexual orientation.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Social constructionism

Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.

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Sociosexual orientation

Sociosexual orientation, or sociosexuality, is the individual difference in the willingness to engage in sexual activity outside of a committed relationship.

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Sodomy law

A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as crimes.

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Springer Publishing

Springer Publishing is an American publishing company of academic journals and books, focusing on the fields of nursing, gerontology, psychology, social work, counseling, public health, and rehabilitation (neuropsychology).

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Stereotype

In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people.

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Terminology of homosexuality

Terms used to describe homosexuality have gone through many changes since the emergence of the first terms in the mid-19th century.

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Testosterone

Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.

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The Bisexual Option

The Bisexual Option (1978; second edition 1993) is a book by the sex researcher Fritz Klein.

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The History of Sexuality

The History of Sexuality (L'Histoire de la sexualité) is a four-volume study of sexuality in the western world by the French historian and philosopher Michel Foucault, in which the author examines the emergence of "sexuality" as a discursive object and separate sphere of life and argues that the notion that every individual has a sexuality is a relatively recent development in Western societies.

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The Salt Lake Tribune

The Salt Lake Tribune is a daily newspaper published in the city of Salt Lake City, Utah, with the largest weekday circulation but second largest Sunday circulation behind the Deseret News.

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Third gender

Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.

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Trans man

A trans man (sometimes trans-man or transman) is a man who was assigned female at birth (AFAB).

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Trans woman

A trans woman (sometimes trans-woman or transwoman) is a woman who was assigned male at birth.

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Transgender

Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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Vaginal photoplethysmograph

Vaginal photoplethysmography (VPG, VPP) is a technique using light to measure the amount of blood in the walls of the vagina.

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Wardell Pomeroy

Wardell Baxter Pomeroy (December 6, 1913 – September 6, 2001) was an American sexologist and co-author with Alfred C. Kinsey.

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Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Xq28

Xq28 is a chromosome band and genetic marker situated at the tip of the X chromosome which has been studied since at least 1980.

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Redirects here:

Cause of homosexuality, Causes of heterosexuality, Causes of homosexuality, Causes of sexual orientation, Homosexuality Causal theories, Human sexual orientation, Perceived sexual orientation, Perferred sex, Preferred sex, Sex orientation, Sexual Orientation, Sexual inclination, Sexual orientation profiling, Sexual orientation research, Sexual orientation/Preference, Sexual orientations, Sexual preference, Sexuality (orientation).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_orientation

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