47 relations: Advanced and retracted tongue root, Afroasiatic languages, Alveolar consonant, Amharic, Anderaccha, Approximant consonant, Bilabial consonant, Causative, Comparative method, Eastern Sudanic languages, Ejective consonant, Endangered language, Ethiopia, Free variation, Fricative consonant, Glottal consonant, Gumuz languages, Harold C. Fleming, Hunter-gatherer, Implosive consonant, Incisor, Infinitive, Keficho Shekicho Zone, Koman languages, Komuz languages, Language isolate, Lionel Bender, Loanword, Majang language, Minimal pair, Nasal consonant, Negation, Nilo-Saharan languages, Object (grammar), Palatal consonant, Phylogenetics, Preposition and postposition, Robert Nicolaï, Roger Blench, Shabo people, Shakacho language, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, Stop consonant, Subjunctive mood, Surmic languages, Trill consonant, Velar consonant.
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially in Western and Eastern Africa but also in Kazakh and Mongolian.
Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic) or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family of about 300 languages and dialects.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Amharic (or; Amharic: አማርኛ) is one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.
Anderaccha is a town in south-western Ethiopia.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
In linguistics, a causative (abbreviated) is a valency-increasing operationPayne, Thomas E. (1997).
In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor, in order to extrapolate back to infer the properties of that ancestor.
In most classifications, the Eastern Sudanic languages are a group of nine families of languages that may constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family.
In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
Gumuz is a small language family spoken along the border of Ethiopia and Sudan.
Harold Crane Fleming (December 23, 1926 – April 29, 2015) was an American anthropologist and historical linguist, specializing in the cultures and languages of the Horn of Africa.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Implosive consonants are a group of stop consonants (and possibly also some affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.
Incisors (from Latin incidere, "to cut") are the front teeth present in most mammals.
Infinitive (abbreviated) is a grammatical term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.
Keficho Shekicho was a Zone in the Ethiopian Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR).
The Koman languages are a small close-knit family of languages located along the Sudan–Ethiopia border with about 50,000 speakers.
The Komuz languages are a proposed branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family which would include the Koman languages, the Gumuz languages and the Shabo language, all spoken in eastern South Sudan and Sudan and western Ethiopia.
A language isolate, in the absolute sense, is a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language.
Marvin Lionel Bender (August 18, 1934 – February 19, 2008) was an American author and linguist.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Majang language is spoken by the Majangir people of Ethiopia.
In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In logic, negation, also called the logical complement, is an operation that takes a proposition P to another proposition "not P", written \neg P (¬P), which is interpreted intuitively as being true when P is false, and false when P is true.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
Robert Nicolaï is a French linguist specializing in the Songhay languages, professor at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
Roger Marsh Blench (born 1953) is a British linguist, ethnomusicologist and development anthropologist.
The Shabo are an ethnic group of southwestern Ethiopia.
Shekkacho (also Mocha, Shakacho, Shekka) is an Afro-Asiatic Omotic language, spoken mainly in Sheka Zone at southwestern Ethiopia.
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (often abbreviated as SNNPR; የደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ህዝቦች ክልል) is one of the nine ethnically based regional states (kililoch) of Ethiopia.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
The subjunctive is a grammatical mood (that is, a way of speaking that allows people to express their attitude toward what they are saying) found in many languages.
The Surmic Languages are a branch of the Eastern Sudanic language family.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).