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Shandong

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Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region. [1]

362 relations: Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Ancestor veneration in China, Ancestral shrine, Ancient Linzi, Anhui, Ankylosaurus, Archaeology, Architecture, Arhat, Badaguan, Baotu Spring, Beer, Beijing, Beijing–Kowloon railway, Beijing–Shanghai railway, Beixin culture, Bincheng District, Binzhou, Binzhou Medical College, Bohai Sea, Boxer Rebellion, Bromine, Buddhism, Cabernet Gernischt, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cao Wei, Cemetery of Confucius, Central Plains Mandarin, Changchun, Changyu, Chardonnay, Chiang Kai-shek, China, China Agricultural University, China International Marine Containers, China League One, China National Offshore Oil Corporation, China proper, China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, China University of Petroleum, Chinese Basketball Association, Chinese Buddhism, Chinese Civil War, Chinese cuisine, Chinese folk religion, Chinese lineage associations, Chinese opera, Chinese postal romanization, Chinese salvationist religions, Chinese Super 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Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China

Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.

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Ancestor veneration in China

Chinese ancestor worship, or Chinese ancestor veneration, also called the Chinese patriarchal religion, is an aspect of the Chinese traditional religion which revolves around the ritual celebration of the deified ancestors and tutelary deities of people with the same surname organised into lineage societies in ancestral shrines.

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Ancestral shrine

An ancestral shrine, hall or temple, also called lineage temple, is a Chinese temple dedicated to deified ancestors and progenitors of surname lineages or families in the Chinese traditional religion.

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Ancient Linzi

Linzi, originally called Yingqiu, was the capital of the ancient Chinese state of Qi during the Zhou Dynasty.

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Anhui

Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.

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Ankylosaurus

Ankylosaurus is a genus of armored dinosaur.

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Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Architecture

Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.

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Arhat

Theravada Buddhism defines arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) as "one who is worthy" or as a "perfected person" having attained nirvana.

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Badaguan

Badaguan is a historical mansion area located near the coastline in the city of Qingdao, Shandong, China.

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Baotu Spring

The Baotu Spring (sometimes translated as "Jet Spring" or "Spurting Spring") is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China.

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Beer

Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

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Beijing

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Beijing–Kowloon railway

The Beijing–Jiujiang–Kowloon railway, also known as the Jingjiu railway is a railway in China connecting Beijing West Station in Beijing to Shenzhen Station in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.

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Beijing–Shanghai railway

The Beijing–Shanghai railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.

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Beixin culture

The Beixin culture (5300–4100 BC) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China.

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Bincheng District

Bincheng is a district and seat of the city of Binzhou, Shandong province, China.

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Binzhou

Binzhou, formerly Putai, is a prefecture-level city in northern Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China.

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Binzhou Medical College

Binzhou Medical College is a 5-year medical college in China....Binzhou Medical University is approved by "WHO".

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Bohai Sea

The Bohai Sea or Bo Sea, also known as Bohai Gulf, Bo Gulf or Pohai Bay, is the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea and Korea Bay on the coast of Northeastern and North China.

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Boxer Rebellion

The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.

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Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Cabernet Gernischt

Cabernet Gernischt is the name given to a red wine grape variety used in China.

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Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.

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Cao Wei

Wei (220–266), also known as Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).

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Cemetery of Confucius

The Cemetery of Confucius is a cemetery of the Kong clan (the descendants of Confucius) in Confucius' hometown Qufu in Shandong province.

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Central Plains Mandarin

Central Plains Mandarin, or Zhongyuan Mandarin, is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central and southern parts of Shaanxi, Henan, southwestern part of Shanxi, southern part of Gansu, far southern part of Hebei, northern Anhui, northern parts of Jiangsu, southern Xinjiang and southern Shandong.

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Changchun

Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, and is also the core city of Northeast Asia.

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Changyu

Changyu was founded in 1892 by Mr.

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Chardonnay

Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine.

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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China Agricultural University

China Agricultural University (CAU,; abbreviated 农大/Nóngdà) is a university in Beijing, People's Republic of China specializing in agriculture, biology, engineering, veterinary medicine, economics, management, humanities and social science.

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China International Marine Containers

China International Marine Containers (Group) Co., Ltd (CIMC) is a Chinese company principally engaged in the manufacture and sale of transportation equipment, such as containers, road transport vehicles and airport ground-handling equipment.

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China League One

The Chinese Football Association China League, also known as China League One or Chinese Jia League (中甲联赛), is the second tier of Chinese clubs.

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China National Offshore Oil Corporation

China National Offshore Oil Corporation, or CNOOC Group (Chinese: 中国海洋石油总公司 Pinyin: Zhōngguó Háiyáng Shíyóu Zǒnggōngsī), is a major national oil company in China.

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China proper

China proper, Inner China or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Manchu Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China.

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China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation

The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) is one of the two largest shipbuilding conglomerates in China, the other being the China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC).

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China University of Petroleum

The China University of Petroleum is a university in China.

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Chinese Basketball Association

The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated as CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China.

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Chinese Buddhism

Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese cuisine

Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

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Chinese lineage associations

Chinese lineage associations, also kinship or ancestral associations, are a type of social relationship institutions found in Han Chinese ethnic groups and the fundamental unit of Chinese ancestral religion.

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Chinese opera

Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.

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Chinese postal romanization

Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.

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Chinese salvationist religions

Chinese salvationist religions or Chinese folk religious sects are a Chinese religious tradition characterised by a concern for salvation (moral fulfillment) of the person and the society.

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Chinese Super League

The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as the China Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Chu (state)

Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.

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Chuang Guandong

Chuang Guandong (IPA:; literally "Crashing into Guandong" with Guandong being an older name for Manchuria) is descriptive of the rush into Manchuria of the Han Chinese population, especially from the Shandong Peninsula and Zhili, during the hundred-year period starting at the last half of the 19th century.

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Circuit (administrative division)

A circuit was a historical political division of China and is a historical and modern administrative unit in Japan.

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Coast

A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.

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Confucius

Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

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Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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Counties of the People's Republic of China

Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.

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County-level city

A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.

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Daming Lake

Daming Lake is the largest lake in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China and one of city's main natural and cultural landmarks.

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Dawenkou culture

The Dawenkou culture is a name given by archaeologists to a group of Neolithic communities who lived primarily in Shandong, but also appeared in Anhui, Henan and Jiangsu, China.

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Decheng District

Decheng is a district of the city of Dezhou, Shandong province, China.

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Dezhou

Dezhou is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Diamond

Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.

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District (China)

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

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Dongchangfu District

Dongchangfu is a district of the Chinese province of Shandong.

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Donggang District

Donggang District is the main urban district of the city of Rizhao, Shandong province, China.

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Dongyi

The Dongyi or Eastern Yi was a collective term, referring to ancient peoples who lived in eastern China during the prehistory of ancient China and in lands located in the Shandong peninsula and some other eastern parts of ancient China.

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Dongying

Dongying, a prefecture-level city, lies on the northern (Bohai Sea) coast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Dongying District

Dongying is a district and the seat of Dongying in the Chinese province of Shandong.

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Dongying Shengli Airport

Dongying Shengli Airport is an airport serving the city of Dongying in Shandong Province, China.

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East China

East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

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Elevation

The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical datum).

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Emperor Huizong of Song

Emperor Huizong of Song (7 June 1082 – 4 June 1135), personal name Zhao Ji, was the eighth emperor of the Song dynasty in China.

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Ethnic townships of the People's Republic of China

An Ethnic township is a fourth-level administrative unit designated for ethnic minorities of political divisions in China.

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Expressways of China

The expressway network of China, with the national-level expressway system officially known as the National Trunk Highway System (abbreviated as NTHS), is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in China.

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Faxian

Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.

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Feng Yuxiang

Feng Yuxiang (6 November 1882 – 1 September 1948) was a warlord and leader in Republican China from Chaohu, Anhui.

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Fengtian clique

The Fengtian Clique was one of several mutually hostile cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang Clique in the Republic of China's Warlord Era.

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Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period

The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century Imperial China.

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Former Qin

The Former Qin (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in eastern Asia, mainly China.

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Former Yan

The Former Yan (337-370) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

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Fortune 500

The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.

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Four Books and Five Classics

The Four Books and Five Classics are the authoritative books of Confucianism in China written before 300 BC.

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G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway

The Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, commonly referred to as the Shenhai Expressway is an expressway in China that connects the cities of Shenyang, Liaoning, and Haikou, Hainan.

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G18 Rongcheng–Wuhai Expressway

The Rongcheng–Wuhai Expressway, commonly referred to as the Rongwu Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Rongcheng, Shandong, China, and Wuhai, Inner Mongolia.

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G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway

The Beijing–Shanghai Expressway or Jinghu Expressway is a major expressway of China, linking the capital Beijing in the north to Shanghai on the central coast.

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G20 Qingdao–Yinchuan Expressway

The Qingdao–Yinchuan Expressway, commonly referred to as the Qingyin Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Qingdao, Shandong, China, and Yinchuan, Ningxia.

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G22 Qingdao–Lanzhou Expressway

The Qingdao–Lanzhou Expressway, commonly referred to as the Qinglan Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Qingdao, Shandong, China, and Lanzhou, Gansu.

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G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway

The Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, commonly referred to as the Changshen Expressway, is an expressway that connects the cities of Changchun, Jilin, China, and Shenzhen, Guangdong.

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G3 Beijing–Taipei Expressway

The Beijing–Taipei Expressway, commonly known as the Jingtai Expressway, is a partially completed Chinese expressway that, if fully constructed, would connect the Mainland China with Taiwan.

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Gansu

Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.

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Geary–Khamis dollar

The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar (Int'l. dollar or Intl. dollar, abbreviation: Int'l$., Intl$. or Int$), is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Gong Zheng

Gong Zheng (born March 1960) is a Chinese politician who serves as Governor and Deputy Communist Party Secretary of Shandong Province.

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Grand Canal (China)

The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.

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Great Wall of Qi

The Great Wall of Qi is the oldest existing Great Wall in China.

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Great Wall Wine

China Great Wall Wine Co., Ltd. is a Chinese producer of wine based in Shacheng town, Huailai County, Zhangjiakou, Hebei province, China.

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Guan Yu

Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.

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Guangdong

Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Hai River

The Hai River (lit."Sea River"), formerly known as the Peiho, Pei He or ("White River"), is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea.

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Haier

Haier Group Corporation is a Chinese collective multinational consumer electronics and home appliances company headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.

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Haikou

Hǎikǒu, is the capital and most populous city of Hainan province, China.

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Hainan

Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Han Fuju

Han Fuju or Han Fu-chü (1890 – 24 January 1938) was a Kuomintang general in the early 20th century.

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Han–Liu War

The Han–Liu War was a major military conflict in late 1932 between the private armies of Han Fuju and Liu Zhennian over Shandong.

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Harbin Institute of Technology

The Harbin Institute of Technology (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨工业大学; Traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱工業大學; pinyin: Hāěrbīn Gōngyè Dàxué, abbreviated as HIT or 哈工大(Hā GōngDà)) is a research university in China and a member of China's elite C9 League.

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Harbin University of Science and Technology

Harbin University of Science and Technology is a university in Harbin, China.

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Hebei

Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.

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Henan

Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.

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Heze

Heze, formerly known as Caozhou, is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong, China.

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Hisense

Hisense Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational major appliance and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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Hong Kong Trade Development Council

The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.

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Houli culture

The Houli culture (6500–5500 BC) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China.

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Huai River

The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China.

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Huancui District

Huancui is a county-level district in Weihai, Shandong province, in eastern China.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jiangsu

Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

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Jiaoliao Mandarin

Jiaoliao or Jiao–Liao Mandarin is a primary dialect of Mandarin Chinese, spoken on the Shandong Peninsula, from Yantai to Qingdao, Ganyu District in northeastern Jiangsu and Liaodong Peninsula, from Dalian to Dandong, and along the Yalu River and the Ussuri River, in northeast China.

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Jiaozhou Bay

The Jiaozhou Bay (Kiautschou Bucht) is a gulf located in Qingdao, China.

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Jilin

Jilin, formerly romanized as Kirin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China.

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Jilu Mandarin

Jilu or Ji–Lu Mandarin, formerly known as Beifang Mandarin "Northern Mandarin", is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the Chinese provinces of Hebei (Jì) and the western part of Shandong (Lǔ).

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Jimo District

Jimo (formerly 即墨市) is a District of Qingdao, Shandong.

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Jin dynasty (1115–1234)

The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.

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Jinan

Jinan, formerly romanized as Tsinan, is the capital of Shandong province in Eastern China.

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Jinan dialect

Jinan dialect is a Mandarin Chinese dialect spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.

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Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport

Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport is the airport serving Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, China.

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Jining

Jining is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province.

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Jining Medical University

Jining Medical University (is a public institution of higher learning in Jining and Rizhao, Shandong province, China.

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Jining Qufu Airport

Jining Qufu Airport is an airport serving the cities of Jining and Qufu, the hometown of Confucius, in Shandong Province, China.

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Ju County

Ju County or Juxian is a county of Rizhao City, in the south of Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kong Family Mansion

The Kong Family Mansion was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius in the City of Qufu, the hometown of Confucius in Shandong Province, China.

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Kowloon

Kowloon is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon.

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Kuiwen District

Kuiwen is a district of Weifang in the Chinese province of Shandong.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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Laicheng District

Laicheng is one of two districts and the seat of the city of Laiwu, Shandong province, China.

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Laishan District

Laishan District is a district of the city of Yantai, Shandong province.

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Laiwu

Laiwu is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong Province, China.

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Laizhou Bay

Laizhou Bay is the southern arm of the Bohai Sea (also known as the Bohai Gulf, or just Bo Hai), which is a large relatively shallow extension of Korea Bay (Northern Yellow Sea) behind the Liaodong Peninsula to the north, and the Shandong Peninsula to the south.

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Lanshan District, Linyi

Lanshan is a district of Linyi City, Shandong Province, China.

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Lanzhou

Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.

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Laoshan District

Laoshan District is an urban district (区) of Qingdao, Shandong.

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Later Yan

The Later Yan (384-407 or 409) was a Murong–Xianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

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Later Zhao

The Later Zhao (319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China.

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Lüju

Lüju (吕剧) is a variety of Chinese opera from the eastern province of Shandong, China.

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Levee

14.

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Lianyungang

Lianyungang is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, China.

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Liaocheng

Liaocheng, also known as the Water City, is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province, China.

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Liaocheng University

Liaocheng University (Liáochéng dàxué) is a comprehensive university located in Liaocheng City, Shandong Province, China.

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Liaodong Peninsula

The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.

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Liaoning

Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.

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Lingyan Temple (Jinan)

Lingyan Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Changqing District, Jinan, Shandong Province, China, about north of the city of Tai'an.

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Linyi

Linyi is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, China.

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Linyi Shubuling Airport

Linyi Shubuling International Airport is an airport serving the city of Linyi in Shandong Province, China.

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Linyi University

Linyi University (LYU) is a public university based in Lanshan district of Linyi, Shandong province, China.

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List of Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Shandong

This list is of Major Sites Protected for their Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level in Shandong Province, China.

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Liu Jiayi

Liu Jiayi (born August 1956) is a Chinese politician.

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Liu Song dynasty

The Song dynasty, better known as the Liu Song dynasty (420–479 CE;; Wade-Giles: Liu Sung), also known as Former Song (前宋) or Southern Song (南宋), was the first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi.

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Liu Zhennian

Liu Zhennian (1898 in Nangong, Hebei, China - May 13, 1935) was a Chinese military commander during the Warlord Era and Nanjing decade in the history of the Republic of China.

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Lixia District

Lixia District is one of six districts of Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, People's Republic of China, forming part of the city's urban core.

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Longkou

Longkou, formerly Huang County, is a port city in northeastern Shandong province, China, facing the Bohai Sea to the north and the Laizhou Bay to the west.

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Longshan culture

The Longshan (or Lung-shan) culture, also sometimes referred to as the Black Pottery Culture, was a late Neolithic culture in the middle and lower Yellow River valley areas of northern China from about 3000 to 1900 BC.

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Lu (state)

Lu (c. 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Manchu people

The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

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Marco Polo

Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.

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May Fourth Movement

The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on 4 May 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.

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Mazu

Mazu, also known by several other names and titles, is a Chinese sea goddess.

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Merlot

Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.

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Mesozoic

The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Ministry of Civil Affairs

The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Mount Tai

Mount Tai is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an, in Shandong province, China.

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Mudan District

Mudan District is an urban district of Heze, Shandong, in the People's Republic of China.

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Nansi Lake

Nansi Lake, or Weishan Lake, administrated by Weishan County and located in Shandong Province in China, is the largest freshwater lake in the north of the country.

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National Bureau of Statistics of China

The National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Ningxia

Ningxia (pronounced), officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China located in the northwest part of the country.

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North China Craton

The North China Craton is a continental crustal block with one of Earth's most complete and complex record of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic processes.

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North China Plain

The North China Plain is based on the deposits of the Yellow River and is the largest alluvial plain of China.

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Northeast China

Northeast China or Dongbei is a geographical region of China.

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Northern and Southern dynasties

The Northern and Southern dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589, following the tumultuous era of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Wu Hu states.

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Northern Expedition

The Northern Expedition was a military campaign launched by the National Revolutionary Army of the Kuomintang (KMT), also known as the Nationalists, against the Beiyang government and other regional warlords in 1926.

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Northern Wei

The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.

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Ocean University of China

The Ocean University of China, colloquially known as Haida (海大) is a university in Qingdao.

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Organic matter

Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.

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Outer Manchuria

Outer Manchuria or Outer Northeast China (Chinese: 外满洲 (Wài Mǎnzhōu) or 外东北 (Wài Dōngběi); Russian: Приаму́рье or Priamurye) is an unofficial term for a territory in Northeast Asia that was formerly part of the Chinese Qing dynasty and now belongs to Russia.

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Party Committee Secretary

In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.

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Penglai, Shandong

Penglai, formerly known as Dengzhou or Tengchow, is a county-level city belonging to the prefecture-level city of Yantai, Shandong Province, in the People's Republic of China.

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People's Daily

The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.

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Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Pingyuan Province

Pingyuan was a former province of the People's Republic of China that existed between 1949 and 1952.

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Pizhi Pagoda

The Pizhi Pagoda is an 11th-century Chinese pagoda located at Lingyan Temple, Changqing, near Jinan, Shandong province, China.

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Politics of Shandong

The politics of Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

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Port of Yantai

The Port of Yantai is a seaport on the Bohai Sea in the vicinity of Yantai, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

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Prefecture-level city

A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Purchasing power parity

Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.

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Qi (state)

Qi was a state of the Zhou dynasty-era in ancient China, variously reckoned as a march, duchy, and independent kingdom.

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Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qingdao

Qingdao (also spelled Tsingtao) is a city in eastern Shandong Province on the east coast of China.

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Qingdao Agricultural University

Qingdao Agricultural University is a public university based in Qingdao and Laiyang district of Yantai, Shandong province, China.

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Qingdao Binhai University

Qingdao Binhai University (is a private institution of tertiary education in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.

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Qingdao dialect

Qingdao dialect is the local dialect of the city of Qingdao and nearby towns, in China's Shandong Province.

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Qingdao Eagles

The Qingdao DoubleStar Eagles or Qingdao DoubleStar or Qingdao Eagles are a Chinese professional basketball team which is based in Qingdao, Shandong.

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Qingdao Hailifeng F.C.

Qingdao Hailifeng F.C., previously named Qingdao JVC Zhengyi, Qingdao Benda, Hefei Chuangyi, Qingdao Aokema and Qingdao Haixin is a former professional association football club in the Chinese Football Association Jia League.

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Qingdao Haisha F.C.

Qingdao Haisha or Qingdao Sharks(Simplified Chinese: 青岛海鲨) is a semi-professional football club, located in Qingdao, China.

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Qingdao Huanghai F.C.

Qingdao Huanghai Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Qingdao Jonoon F.C.

Qingdao Jonoon Football Club (known as Hai-Niu or The Sea Bulls) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League Two division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Qingdao Liuting International Airport

Qingdao Liuting International Airport is the main international airport serving the city of Qingdao in Shandong Province, China.

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Qingdao Qianwan Container Terminal

Qingdao Qianwan Container Terminal is a port of China, located at Qianwan (literally The Front Bay), Qingdao, Shandong province.

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Qingdao Sunrise F.C.

Qingdao Sunrise (Simplified Chinese: 青岛黎明) is a semi-professional football club based in Jimo after move to Qingdao.

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Qingdao Technical College

Qingdao Technical College is a public college based in Huangdao District of Qingdao, Shandong province, China.

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Qingdao University

Qingdao University is a key provincial research university located in Qingdao, China.

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Qingdao–Jinan railway

The Qingdao–Jinan railway or Jiaoji railway (formerly the Shantung railway) is a railway in Shandong Province, China.

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Qingzhou

Qingzhou (Chinese: 青州; Pinyin: Qīngzhōu), formerly Yidu County (益都县), is a county-level city, which is located in the west of Weifang City, Shandong Province, China.

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Qufu

Qufu is a city in southwestern Shandong Province, China.

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Qufu Normal University

Qufu Normal University is a public university located in the cities of Qufu, which is the ancient home of Confucius, and in Rizhao, Shandong province, China.

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Rencheng District

Rencheng is one of two districts and the seat of the city of Jining in Shandong province, China.

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Renminbi

The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Riesling

Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region.

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Rizhao

Rizhao is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shandong province, China.

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Rizhao Polytechnic

Rizhao Polytechnic (colloquially known as Rizhi (日职), is a public institution of tertiary education in Rizhao, Shandong province, China, specializing in engineering and technical majors.

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Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Romance of the Three Kingdoms is a 14th-century historical novel attributed to Luo Guanzhong.

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Romanization of Chinese

The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.

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Rongcheng, Shandong

Rongcheng is a county-level city of Weihai City, at the eastern extremity of Shandong Province, China, looking out to the Yellow Sea in all directions but the west.

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Root

In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Sailing at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece).

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Sailing at the 2008 Summer Paralympics

Eighty athletes representing 25 countries in three keelboat classes - the 2.4mR, the SKUD 18, and the Sonar, took part in sailing in the 2008 Summer Paralympics.

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Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Seafood

Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Second Zhili–Fengtian War

The Second Zhili–Fengtian War (Second Chihli-Fengtien War) of 1924 was a conflict between the Japanese-backed Fengtian clique based in Manchuria, and the more liberal Zhili clique controlling Beijing and backed by Anglo-American business interests.

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Shandong Agricultural University

Shandong Agricultural University (SDAU), established in 1906, is a comprehensive university in Shandong, China.

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Shandong cuisine

Shandong cuisine (山東菜), more commonly known in Chinese as Lu cuisine, is one of the Eight Culinary Traditions of Chinese cuisine and one of the Four Great Traditions.

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Shandong East Circuit

Shandong East Circuit or Shandong East Province was one of the major circuits during the Jin dynasty.

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Shandong Foreign Languages Vocational College

Shandong Foreign Languages Vocational College (colloquially known as Shanwai (山外), is a private institution of tertiary education in Rizhao, Shandong province, China.

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Shandong Golden Stars

The Shandong Hi-Speed Golden Stars or Shandong Hi-Speed or Shandong Golden Stars are a Chinese professional basketball team based in Jinan, Shandong, which plays in the Northern Division of the Chinese Basketball Association.

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Shandong Institute of Business and Technology

Shandong Institute of Business and Technology (originally named China Coal Economic College) was established in December 1985 with the approval of the former Ministry of Education.

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Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C.

Shandong Luneng Taishan is a professional football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Shandong Normal University

Shandong Normal University (English acronym SDNU) is a university located in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.

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Shandong Peninsula

The Shandong Peninsula is a peninsula in Shandong province in eastern China, between the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the south.

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Shandong people

The people of Shandong province or Shandong people refers to those who are native to Shandong province, the majority (99%) of whom are Han Chinese.

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Shandong Problem

The Shandong Problem refers to the dispute over Article 156 of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which dealt with the concession of the Shandong Peninsula.

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Shandong Tengding F.C.

Shandong Tengding Football Club are a China League Two club.

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Shandong University

Shandong University (abbreviated as Shanda,, English acronym SDU) is a public comprehensive university in Shandong, China.

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Shandong University of Finance and Economics

Shandong University of Finance and Economics is a post-secondary institution of education in Jinan, Shandong province, China.

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Shandong University of Science and Technology

Shandong University of Science and Technology (abbreviated SDUST) established in 1951 is a university in Shandong province, China.

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Shandong University of Technology

The Shandong University of Technology (SDUT) is a university located in Zibo, Shandong, China.

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Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SDUTCM) is a university based in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.

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Shandong Women's University

Shandong Women's University is a women's university in Jinan, Shandong.

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Shang dynasty

The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.

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Shanghai

Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Shantungosaurus

Shantungosaurus, meaning "Shandong Lizard", is a genus of saurolophine hadrosaurid dinosaurs found in the Late Cretaceous Wangshi Group of the Shandong Peninsula in China.

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Shengli Oil Field

The Shengli Oil Field is the second-largest oil field in the People's Republic of China, with daily production of approximately.

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Shenyang

Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.

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Shenyang Dongjin F.C.

Shenyang Dongjin Football Club is a Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League Two division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Shenzhen

Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.

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Shinan District

Shinan ("South City") is an urban district of Qingdao, Shandong.

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Sinicization

Sinicization, sinicisation, sinofication, or sinification is a process whereby non-Chinese societies come under the influence of Chinese culture, particularly Han Chinese culture and societal norms.

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Sinopec

China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (中国石油化工股份有限公司), or Sinopec, is a Chinese oil and gas enterprise based in Beijing, China. It is listed in Hong Kong and also trades in Shanghai and New York. Sinopec Limited's parent, Sinopec Group, is the world's largest oil refining, gas and petrochemical conglomerate, headquartered in Chaoyang District, Beijing. Sinopec's business includes oil and gas exploration, refining, and marketing; production and sales of petrochemicals, chemical fibers, chemical fertilizers, and other chemical products; storage and pipeline transportation of crude oil and natural gas; import, export and import/export agency business of crude oil, natural gas, refined oil products, petrochemicals, and other chemicals.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Sorghum

Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Southern Yan

The Southern Yan (398-410) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

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Sphere of influence

In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.

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Spring and Autumn period

The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.

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State Council of the People's Republic of China

The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.

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Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China

A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

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Subdistrict

Subdistrict is a low-level administrative division of a district.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.

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Table Tennis World Cup

The Table Tennis World Cup has been held annually since 1980.

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Tai'an

Tai'an is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province of the People's Republic of China.

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Taihang Mountains

The Taihang Mountains are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taishan District, Tai'an

Taishan District is a district of the city of Tai'an in the Chinese province of Shandong.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Taoism

Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Temple of Confucius, Qufu

The Temple of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province, is the largest and most renowned temple of Confucius in East Asia.

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Tertiary

Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.

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Thousand Buddha Mountain

The Thousand Buddha Mountain is a hill located southeast of the city of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, China.

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Three Alls Policy

The Three Alls Policy (三光作戦 Sankō Sakusen) was a Japanese scorched earth policy adopted in China during World War II, the three "alls" being "kill all, burn all, loot all".

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).

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Towns of the People's Republic of China

When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).

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Townships of the People's Republic of China

Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.

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Transition from Ming to Qing

The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition, also known as the Manchu conquest of China, was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty, established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty).

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Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.

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Tsingtao Brewery

Tsingtao Brewery Co., Ltd. (Germania-Brauerei) is China's second largest brewery.

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Tyrannosaurus

Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate.

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University of Jinan

The University of Jinan (UJN;; colloquially 济大, pinyin: Jǐdà), located in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China, is a key and comprehensive provincial university.

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Warlord Era

The Warlord Era (19161928) was a period in the history of the Republic of China when the control of the country was divided among former military cliques of the Beiyang Army and other regional factions, which was spread across in the mainland regions of Sichuan, Shanxi, Qinghai, Ningxia, Guangdong, Guangxi, Gansu, Yunnan, and Xinjiang.

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Warring States period

The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.

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Washington Naval Conference

The Washington Naval Conference, also called the Washington Arms Conference or the Washington Disarmament Conference, was a military conference called by U.S. President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington, D.C., from 12 November 1921 to 6 February 1922.

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Weifang

Weifang is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Weifang Airport

Weifang Airport is an airport in Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China.

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Weifang Medical University

Weifang Medical University (WMU) is a medical university based in Weifang, Shandong province, China.

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Weifang University

Weifang University (WFU) is a university based in Weifang City, Shandong Province, China.

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Weihai

Weihai, formerly called Weihaiwei (Weihai Guard), is a city in eastern Shandong province, China.

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Weihai Dashuibo Airport

Weihai Dashuibo Airport (or Weihaiwei Airport) is an airport serving the city of Weihai in Shandong province, China.

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Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

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Winter storms of 2009–10 in East Asia

The East Asian snowstorms of 2009–2010 were heavy winter storms, including blizzards, ice storms, and other winter events, that affected East Asia from 8 May 2009 to 28 February 2010.

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World Economic Outlook

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a survey conducted and published by the International Monetary Fund.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wuhai

Wuhai (style, |translit.

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Xuecheng District

Xuecheng is a district and the seat of Zaozhuang, Shandong province, China, ever named by "lin cheng ". It has an area of 506.72 km² and around 405,285 inhabitants (2003).

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Xuzhou

Xuzhou, known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a major city in Jiangsu province, China.

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Yantai

Yantai, formerly known as Zhifu or Chefoo, is a prefecture-level city on the Bohai Strait in northeastern Shandong Province, China.

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Yantai Laishan Airport

Yantai Laishan Airport is a military airport in Yantai in Shandong, China.

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Yantai Penglai International Airport

Yantai Penglai International Airport is an airport serving the city of Yantai in Shandong Province, China.

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Yantai University

Yantai University is a public university founded in 1984 with the assistance of Peking University and Tsinghua University in Yantai, Shandong, China.

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Yanzhou District

Yanzhou (postal: Yenchow) is a district and former county-level city under the administration of Jining, in the southwest of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Yasuji Okamura

was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, and commander-in-chief of the China Expeditionary Army from November 1944 to the end of World War II.

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Yellow River

The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.

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Yellow Sea

The Yellow Sea or West Sea is located between China and Korea.

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Yinchuan

Yinchuan is the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, and historically it was the former capital of the Western Xia Empire of the Tanguts.

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Yuan Shikai

Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese warlord, famous for his influence during the late Qing dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.

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Yueshi culture

The Yueshi culture of the Shandong region of China, is dated from 1900 to 1500 BC.

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Zaozhuang

Zaozhuang is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Zhan Qiao

Zhan Qiao (Chinese 栈桥, loading pier) pier is at the southern shore of Qingdao off Zhongshan Road.

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Zhang Zongchang

Zhang Zongchang (13 February 1881 – 3 September 1932), nicknamed the "Dogmeat General" and "72-Cannon Chang", was a Chinese warlord in Shandong in the early 20th century.

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Zhangdian District

Zhangdian is the central urban district of Zibo city in Shandong province, China.

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Zhejiang Yiteng F.C.

Zhejiang Yiteng Football Club, or Yiteng Football Club (Simplified Chinese: 毅腾足球俱乐部, for official ownership reasons) is a professional Chinese football club that participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Zhili clique

The Zhili clique was one of several mutually hostile cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang clique during the Republic of China's warlord era.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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Zhucheng

Zhucheng is a county-level city in the southeast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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Zibo

Zibo (pronounced) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, China.

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Zibo Vocational Institute

Zibo Vocational Institute (淄博职业学院) nicknamed "Zizhi", is a provincial college offering associate degrees in a wide variety of disciplines.

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2004 AFC Asian Cup

The 2004 AFC Asian Cup was the 13th edition of the men's AFC Asian Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

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2007 A3 Champions Cup

The fifth edition of the A3 Champions Cup took place between June 7 and June 13, 2007 at the Shandong Stadium in Jinan.

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2009 National Games of China

The 11th National Games of China were held in various cities in Shandong from October 16 to October 28, 2009.

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2011 Sudirman Cup

The 2011 Sudirman Cup was the twelfth tournament of the Sudirman Cup.

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2012 Asian Beach Games

The third Asian Beach Games were held in Haiyang, China in 2012.

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2012 Badminton Asia Championships

The 2012 Badminton Asia Championships was the 32nd tournament of the Badminton Asia Championships.

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Redirects here:

CN-37, CN-SD, Chantoung, Haidai Region, Qilu, Shan dong, Shan-Tung, Shan-tung, Shandong Province, Shandong Province, China, Shandong dialect, Shandong province, Shandong, China, Shang-tung, Shangdong, Shangdong Province, Shangtung, Shantung, Shantung Province, Shantung province, Shāndōng, South Shantung, 山东, 山东省, 山東, 山東省.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shandong

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