301 relations: Ancestral shrine, Ancient Linzi, Anhui, Ankylosaurus, Archaeology, Architecture, Arhat, Ba Da Guan, Baotu Spring, Beer, Beijing, Beijing–Kowloon Railway, Beijing–Shanghai Railway, Beixin culture, Bincheng District, Binzhou, Binzhou Medical College, Bohai Sea, Boxer Rebellion, Bromine, Buddhism, Cabernet Gernischt, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cao Wei, Cemetery of Confucius, Central Plains Mandarin, Changchun, Changyu, Chardonnay, Chiang Kai-shek, China, China League One, China proper, China University of Petroleum, Chinese Basketball Association, Chinese Buddhism, Chinese Civil War, Chinese cuisine, Chinese folk religion, Chinese lineage associations, Chinese opera, Chinese salvationist religions, Chinese Super League, Chinese yuan, Christianity, Chu (state), Circuit (administrative division), Coast, Communist Party of China, Confucianism, ..., Confucius, Cotton, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County-level city, Daming Lake, Dawenkou culture, Decheng District, 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Pizhi Pagoda, Politics of Shandong, Prefecture-level city, Provinces of China, Qi (state), Qianlong Emperor, Qin dynasty, Qing dynasty, Qingdao, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao dialect, Qingdao DoubleStar, Qingdao Hainiu F.C., Qingdao Jonoon F.C., Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Qingdao University, Qingdao–Jinan Railway, Qingzhou, Qufu, Qufu Normal University, Rencheng District, Riesling, Rizhao, Rongcheng, Shandong, Root, Salt, Seafood, Second Sino-Japanese War, Second Zhili–Fengtian War, Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong cuisine, Shandong Golden Stars, Shandong Institute of Business and Technology, Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C., Shandong Normal University, Shandong Peninsula, Shandong Problem, Shandong University, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Shandong University of Technology, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shang dynasty, Shanghai, Shengli Oil Field, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shinan District, Shizhong District, Jinan, Simplified Chinese characters, Sinicization, Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Song dynasty, Sorghum, South Korea, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Southern Yan, Sphere of influence, Spring and Autumn period, Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China, Subdistrict, Sui dynasty, Tai'an, Taihang Mountains, Taipei, Taishan District, Tai'an, Taiwan, Tang dynasty, Taoism, Temperate climate, Temple of Confucius, Qufu, Tengzhou, Thousand Buddha Mountain, Three Alls Policy, Three Kingdoms, Towns of the People's Republic of China, Townships of the People's Republic of China, Treaty of Versailles, Tsingtao Brewery, Tyrannosaurus, United Kingdom, United Nations Development Programme, University of Jinan, Warlord Era, Warring States period, Washington Naval Conference, Weifang, Weifang Airport, Weihai, Weihai Dashuibo Airport, Wheat, Winter storms of 2009–10 in East Asia, World Heritage Site, World War I, 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An ancestral shrine, hall or temple, also called lineage temple, is a Chinese temple dedicated to deified ancestors and progenitors of surname lineages or families in the Chinese traditional religion.
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Linzi, originally called Yingqiu, was the capital of the ancient Chinese state of Qi during the Zhou Dynasty.
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Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
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Ankylosaurus (or, meaning "fused lizard") is a genus of thyreophoran dinosaur.
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Archaeology or archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts (also known as eco-facts) and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).
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Architecture (Latin architectura, after the Greek ἀρχή τέχνη – arkhḗ tékhnē – composed by ἀρχή "origin" and τέχνη "art, craft") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
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In Theravada Buddhism, an arhat (Sanskrit; Pali: arahant-; "one who is worthy") is a "perfected person" who has attained nirvana.
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Ba Da Guan is a historical mansion area located near the coastline in the city of Qingdao, Shandong, China.
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The Baotu Spring (sometimes translated as "Jet Spring" or "Spurting Spring") is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China.
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Beer is an alcoholic beverage produced by the saccharification of starch and fermentation of the resulting sugar.
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Beijing, formerly Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world.
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The Beijing-Jiujiang-Kowloon Railway, also known as the Jingjiu Railway is a railway in the China connecting Beijing West Station in Beijing to Shenzhen Station in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.
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The Beijing–Shanghai Railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.
The Beixin culture (5300–4100 BC) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China.
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Bincheng (滨城区; pinyin: Bīnchéng Qū) is a district of Binzhou in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Binzhou is a prefecture-level city in northern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Binzhou Medical College is a 5 year medical college in China....Binzhou Medical University is approved by "WHO" and Indian student can appear in screening test(FMGE) after 5 year MBBS course, which is conducted by National Examination Board(NEB).It was first established in 1970 with faculty from Qingdao Medical College moved to Binzhou (called Beizhen at that time).
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Bohai Sea, also known as Bohai Gulf, Bohai, or Bo Hai (渤海, lit. Bo-Sea), is the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea on the coast of Northeastern and North China.
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The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement was an anti-imperialist uprising which took place in China towards the end of the Qing dynasty between 1899 and 1901.
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Bromine (from βρῶμος, brómos, meaning "strong-smelling" or "stench") is a chemical element with symbol Br, and atomic number 35.
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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
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Cabernet Gernischt is the name given to a red wine grape variety used in China.
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Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.
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Wei (220–265), or Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
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The Cemetery of Confucius, also known under its Chinese name Kong Lin, is a cemetery of the Kong clan (the descendants of Confucius) in Confucius' hometown Qufu in Shandong province.
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Central Plains or Zhongyuan Mandarin is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central part of Shaanxi, Henan, and southern part of Shandong.
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Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China.
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Changyu Pioneer Wine Co.
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Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine.
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Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975.
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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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China League One, also known as Chinese Jia League (中甲联赛), is the second tier of Chinese clubs.
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China proper, Inner China, or the Eighteen Provinces was a term used by Western writers on the Qing dynasty to express a distinction between the core and frontier regions of China.
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The China University of Petroleum is a university system in China.
The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated to the CBA, is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in Asia.
Chinese Buddhism (Han Chinese Buddhism) has played an extremely prominent and dynamic role in Buddhist history, particularly in East Asia.
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The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China (CPC).
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Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.
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Chinese folk religion or Chinese popular religion is the religious tradition of the Han Chinese, in which government officials and common people of China share religious practices and beliefs, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers.
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Chinese lineage associations, also kinship or ancestral associations, are a type of social relationship institutions found in Han Chinese ethnic groups and the fundamental unit of Chinese ancestral religion.
Chinese opera is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
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Chinese salvationist religions (救度宗教 jiùdù zōngjiào) is a sociological category that defines a centuries-old religious stream of China, distinguished by a concern for salvation (moral fulfillment) of the person and the society.
The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超联赛) or CSL, currently known as the Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional association football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association.
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The yuan (or; sign: ¥) is the base unit of a number of former and present-day Chinese currencies, and usually refers to the primary unit of account of the renminbi, the currency of the People's Republic of China.
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ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
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Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state. Following the trend of the time, the rulers of Chu declared themselves kings on an equal footing with the Zhou rulers from the time of King Wu in the early 8th century BC. Though initially inconsequential, removed to the south of the Zhou heartland and practising differing customs, Chu became a successful expansionist state during the Spring and Autumn period. It was ultimately incorporated into the prestigious Zhou court and interstate relations as a viscounty, a title bestowed in order to pacify it. With its continued expansion Chu became a great if corrupt Warring States power, and its culture a major influence on the Han dynasty. Also known as Jing (荆) and Jingchu (荆楚), Chu included most of the present-day provinces of Hubei and Hunan, along with parts of Chongqing, Guizhou, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai. For more than 400 years, the Chu capital Danyang was located at the junction of the Dan and Xi Rivers near present-day Xichuan County, Henan, but later moved to Ying. The ruling house of Chu originally bore the ancestral name Nai (嬭) and clan name Yan (酓), but they are later written as Mi (芈) and Xiong (熊), respectively.
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Circuits originated in China during the Han dynasty, and were used as a lower tier administrative division, comparable to the county (縣, also translated as "districts"), but only to be used in areas in the fringes of the Empire, that were either primarily inhabited by non-Han Chinese peoples, or too geographically isolated from the rest of the Han centers of power.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
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The Communist Party of China (CPC) is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion.
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Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae.
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Counties, formally county-level divisions, which is the standard English translation of Xiàn in the People's Republic of China (PRC, commonly known as China or Mainland China), are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level city, county city or county level municipal city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
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Daming Lake is the largest lake in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China and one of city's main natural and cultural landmarks.
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The Dawenkou culture is a name given by archaeologists to a group of Neolithic communities who lived primarily in Shandong, but also appeared in Anhui, Henan and Jiangsu, China.
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Decheng (德城区) is a district of the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Dezhou is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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In mineralogy, diamond (or; from the ancient Greek ἀδάμας – adámas "unbreakable") is a metastable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice.
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The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
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Dongchangfu (东昌府区) is a district of the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Donggang District is the main urban district of Rizhao in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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The Dongyi or Eastern Yi was a collective term, referring to ancient peoples who lived in eastern China during the prehistory of ancient China and in lands located to the east of ancient China.
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Dongying, a prefecture-level city, lies on the northern (Bohai Sea) coast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Dongying (东营区) is a district of Dongying in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Dongying Shengli Airport is an airport serving the city of Dongying in Shandong Province, China.
East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.
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The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic system, vertical datum).
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Emperor Huizong (7 June 1082 – 4 June 1135), formerly romanized as Emperor Hui-tsung of Sung, was the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy.
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An Ethnic township is a fourth-level administrative unit designated for ethnic minorities of political divisions in China.
The expressway network of China is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in the People's Republic of China.
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Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.
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Feng Yuxiang (6 November 1882 – 1 September 1948) was a warlord and leader in Republican China from Chaohu, Anhui.
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The Fengtian Clique was one of several mutually hostile cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang Clique in the Republic of China's Warlord Era.
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The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, also called Five Dynasties, was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century imperial China.
The Former Qin (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
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The Former Yan (337-370) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
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The Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, commonly referred to as the Shenhai Expressway is an expressway in the People's Republic of China that connects the cities of Shenyang, Liaoning, and Haikou, Hainan.
The Beijing–Shanghai Expressway or Jinghu Expressway is a major expressway of China, linking the capital Beijing in the north to Shanghai on the central coast.
The Beijing–Taipei Expressway, commonly known as the Jingtai Expressway, is a partially completed Chinese expressway that, if fully constructed, would connect the Mainland China with Taiwan.
Gansu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79.
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The Grand Canal (also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.
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The Great Wall of Qi is the oldest existing Great Wall in China.
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China Great Wall Wine Co., Ltd. is a producer of wine based in Hebei province, China.
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Guan Yu (died 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
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Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the People's Republic of China.
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Guangzhou (Mandarin 廣州 Guǎngzhōu, also known as Canton, and less commonly as Kwangchow)"".
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Guo Shuqing (born August 1956) is a Chinese politician, banker, and financial regulator.
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The Hai River, previously called Bai He (Chinese: 白河; pinyin: Bái Hé; literally "White River"; Pei Ho in Western sources), is a river in the People's Republic of China which flows through Beijing and Tianjin before emptying into the Yellow Sea at the Bohai Gulf.
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Haier Group is a Chinese multinational consumer electronics and home appliances company headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.
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Hǎikǒu, is the capital and most populous city of Hainan province, China.
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Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
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The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to itself as the "Han people" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Latter Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty was an age of economic prosperity and saw a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To pay for its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han period. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including papermaking, the nautical steering rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu of Han (r. 141–87 BC) launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empress dowagers, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty ceased to exist.
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Han Fuju or Han Fu-chü (1890 in Ba county, Hebei - 24 January 1938 in Hankou) was a Kuomintang general in the early 20th century.
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Hebei (Postal map spelling: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
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Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
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Heze is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong, China.
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Hisense Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational white goods and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.
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The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.
The Houli culture (6500–5500 BC) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China.
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The Huai River is a major river in China.
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Huancui is a county-level district in Weihai, Shandong province, in eastern China.
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The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو/حواري, Dungan: Хуэйзў/Huejzw) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group in China.
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A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters.
A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: in Mongolian script, and in Mongolian Cyrillic), officially Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the north of the country, containing most of China's border with Mongolia (the rest of the China-Mongolia border is taken up by the Xinjiang autonomous region and Gansu province) and a small section of the border with Russia.
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Japan (日本 Nippon or Nihon; formally or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia.
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Jiang Yikang (born January 1953) a Chinese politician, serving since March 2008 as the Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Shandong committee.
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Jiangsu, earlier romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China, with its capital in Nanjing.
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Jiaoliao or Jiao–Liao Mandarin is a primary dialect of Mandarin Chinese, spoken on the Shandong Peninsula, from Yantai to Qingdao, and Liaodong Peninsula, from Dalian to Dandong, and along the Yalu River and the Ussuri River, in northeast China.
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The Jiaozhou Bay (Kiautschou-Bucht) is a gulf located in Qingdao, China.
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Jilin (former official name: Kirin) is one of the three provinces of Northeast China.
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Jilu or Ji–Lu Mandarin, formerly known as Beifang Mandarin "Northern Mandarin", is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the Chinese provinces of Hebei (Jì) and Shandong (Lǔ).
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Jimo is a county-level city in Shandong province, China, located north of Qingdao.
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The Jin dynasty (Jurchen: Anchun Gurun); Manchu: Aisin Gurun; Khitan language: Nik, Niku; Altan Ulus; 1115–1234), officially the Great Jin, also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan clan of the Jurchen people, the ancestors of the Manchu people who established the Qing dynasty some 500 years later. The name is sometimes written as Kin to differentiate it from an earlier Jìn dynasty of China whose name is identically spelled using the Latin alphabet. The Jurchen tribes were united by the chieftain and later first Jin emperor, Wanyan Aguda, who overthrew the Khitan Liao dynasty. During the reign of Aguda's successor, the Jin declared war against the Song dynasty and conquered much of northern China. The Song were forced to flee south of Yangtze River. The Jin dynasty fell after their defeat against the rising Mongol Empire, a steppe confederation that had formerly been a Jurchen vassal.
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The Jin dynasty was a dynasty in Chinese history, lasting between the years 265 and 420 AD.
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Jinan is the capital of Shandong province in Eastern China.
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Jinan dialect is Mandarin Chinese dialect spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.
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Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport is the airport serving Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, China.
Jining is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province.
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Jining Qufu Airport is an airport serving the city of Jining in Shandong Province, China.
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Ju County or Juxian is a county of Rizhao City, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.
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Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kowloon (Hong Kong Chinese: Giu3lung2) is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon.
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Kuiwen (奎文区) is a district of Weifang in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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The Kuomintang of China (or; KMT), or sometimes spelled as Guomindang (GMD) by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC).
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Laicheng (莱城区; Pinyin: Láichéng Qū) is a district of Laiwu in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Laishan District is a district of Yantai in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Laiwu is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.
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Laizhou Bay is the southern arm of the Bohai Sea (also known as the Bohai Gulf, or just Bo Hai), which is a large relatively shallow extension of Korea Bay (Northern Yellow Sea) behind the Liaodong Peninsula to the north, and the Shandong Peninsula to the south.
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Lanshan is a district of Linyi City, Shandong Province, China.
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Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.
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Laoshan District is a district (区) of Qingdao, Shandong.
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The Later Yan (384-407 or 409) was a Murong–Xianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
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The Later Zhao (319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China.
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Lüju (吕剧) is a variety of Chinese opera from the eastern province of Shandong, China.
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A levee, levée, dike, dyke, embankment, floodbank or stopbank is an elongated naturally occurring ridge or artificially constructed fill or wall, which regulates water levels.
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Lianyungang is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China.
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Liaocheng, also known as the Water City, is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Liaocheng University (Liáochéng dàxué) is a comprehensive university located in Liaocheng City, Shandong Province, China.
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The Liáodōng Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.
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Liaoning is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country.
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Lingyan Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Changqing District, Jinan, Shandong Province, China, about north of the city of Tai'an.
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Linyi is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Linyi Shubuling Airport is an airport serving the city of Linyi in Shandong Province, China.
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Linyi University (LYU) is a public university based in Lanshan discrict of Linyi, Shandong province, China.
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The Liu Song dynasty (Wade-Giles: Liu Sung Ch'ao), also known as Former Song (前宋) (420-479 CE), was first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi.
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Liu Zhennian (1898 in Nangong, Hebei, China - May 13, 1935) was a Chinese military commander during the Warlord Era and Nanjing decade in the history of the Republic of China.
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Longkou, formerly Huang County, is a port city in northeastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China, facing the Bohai Sea to the north and the Laizhou Bay to the west.
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The Longshan (or Lung-shan) culture, also sometimes referred to as the Black Pottery Culture, was a late Neolithic culture in the middle and lower Yellow River valley areas of northern China, dated from about 3000 to 2000 BC.
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Lu (c. 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
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Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times.
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This list is of Major Sites Protected for their Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level in the Province of Shandong, People's Republic of China.
The Manchu are a Chinese ethnic minority and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
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Manchuria is a modern name given to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
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Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
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Marco Polo (September 15, 1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant traveller whose travels are recorded in Livres des merveilles du monde (Book of the Marvels of the World, also known as The Travels of Marco Polo, c. 1300), a book that introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.
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The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
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Mazu, also spelt Matsu and Ma-tsu, is the Chinese patron goddess who is said to protect seafarers, such as fishermen and sailors.
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Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
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The Ming dynasty, or the Great Ming, also called the Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
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Monsoon (UK:; US) is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
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Mount Tai is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an, in Shandong province, China.
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Mudan (牡丹区; pinyin: Mǔdān Qū) is a district of Heze in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the Quran.
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Nansi Lake, or Weishan Lake, administrated by Weishan County and located in Shandong Province in China, is the largest freshwater lake in the north of the country.
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The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, from νέος (néos, "new") and λίθος (líthos, "stone"), or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world from First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural Societies by Peter Bellwood, 2004 and ending between 4,500 and 2,000 BC.
New!!: Shandong and Neolithic ·
Ningxia (pronounced), officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China located in the northwest part of the country.
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The North China Craton is one of the smaller continental cratons of Earth.
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The North China Plain is based on the deposits of the Yellow River and is the largest alluvial plain of eastern Asia.
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The Northern Expedition, was a Kuomintang (KMT) military campaign, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, from 1926-28.
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The Northern Wei, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535).
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The Ocean University of China, colloquially known as Haida (海大) is a university in Qingdao.
Organic matter or organic material, natural organic matter, NOM is matter composed of organic compounds that has come from the remains of organisms such as plants and animals and their waste products in the environment.
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In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary (also translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss), is the leader of the Communist Party of China organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
Penglai, is a port, county-level city and an administrative subdivision of the prefecture-level city Yantai in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China, on the northeastern (Bohai Sea) coast of the province.
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The People's Daily is a daily newspaper in China.
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Petroleum (L. petroleum, from early 15c. "petroleum, rock oil" (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin petroleum, from petra: "rock" + ''oleum'': "oil".) is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.
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Pingyuan was a former province of the People's Republic of China that existed between 1949 and 1952.
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Pinyin, or Hanyu Pinyin, is the official phonetic system for transcribing the Mandarin pronunciations of Chinese characters into the Latin alphabet in China, Taiwan, and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Chinese and a pinyin without diacritic markers is often used in foreign publications to spell Chinese names familiar to non-Chinese and may be used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers. The Hanyu Pinyin system was developed in the 1950s based on earlier forms of romanization. It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982. The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone rather than for educational and computer input purposes. The word Hànyǔ means the spoken language of the Han people and pīnyīn literally means "spelled-out sounds".
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The Pizhi Pagoda is an 11th-century Chinese pagoda located at Lingyan Temple, Changqing, near Jinan, Shandong province, China.
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The politics of Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.
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A prefectural level city, prefectural city or prefectural level municipal city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
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Provinces, formally provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions(), are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
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Qi (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
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The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
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The Qin dynasty was the first imperial dynasty of Ancient China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
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The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, also called the Empire of the Great Qing, or the Manchu dynasty, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917.
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Qingdao (formerly Tsingtao) is a city in eastern Shandong Province on the east coast of China.
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Qingdao Agricultural University is a public university based in Qingdao and Laiyang discrict of Yantai, Shandong province, China.
Qingdao dialect is the local dialect of the city of Qingdao and near by towns, in China's Shandong Province.
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The Qingdao DoubleStar Eagles (青岛双星雄鹰) is a professional basketball team in the North Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Qingdao, Shandong.
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Qingdao Hainiu Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
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Qingdao Jonoon Football Club (known as Hai-Niu or The Sea Bulls) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
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Qingdao Liuting International Airport; is the main airport serving the city of Qingdao, in Shandong Province, China.
Qingdao University is a key provincial research university located in Qingdao, China.
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The Qingdao–Jinan Railway or Jiaoji Railway (formerly the Shantung Railway) is railway in Shandong Province, China.
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Qingzhou (Chinese: 青州; Pinyin: Qīngzhōu), formerly Yidu County (益都县), is a county-level city, which is located in the west of Weifang City, Shandong Province, China.
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Qufu is a city in southwestern Shandong Province, near the eastern coast of the People's Republic of China.
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Qufu Normal University is a public university based in the cities of Qufu, which is the ancient home of Confucius, and in Rizhao, Shandong province, China.
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Rencheng (任城区) is a district of the city of Jining in Shandong province, China.
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Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region of Germany.
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Rizhao is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Rongcheng is a county-level city of Weihai City, at the eastern extremity of Shandong Province, China, looking out to the Yellow Sea in all directions but the west.
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In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.
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Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
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Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
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The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945.
The Second Zhili–Fengtian War (Second Chihli-Fengtien War) of 1924 was a conflict between the Japanese-backed Fengtian clique based in Manchuria, and the more liberal Zhili clique controlling Beijing and backed by Anglo-American business interests.
Shandong Agricultural University (SDAU), established in 1906, is a comprehensive university in Shandong, China.
Shandong cuisine, more commonly known in Chinese as Lu cuisine, is one of the Eight Culinary Traditions of Chinese cuisine and is also ranked among the Four Great Traditions.
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The Shandong High Speed Golden Stars are a Chinese professional basketball team in the Northern Division of the Chinese Basketball Association.
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SDIBT (originally named China Coal Economic College) was established in December 1985 with the approval of the former Ministry of Education.
Shandong Luneng Taishan is a professional football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Shandong Normal University (English acronym SDNU) is a university located in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.
The Shandong Peninsula is a peninsula in Shandong province in eastern China, between the Bohai Sea and Huanghai Sea (Yellow Sea).
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The Shandong Problem refers to the dispute over Article 156 of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which dealt with the concession of the Shandong (Shantung) peninsula.
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Shandong University (abbreviated as Shanda,, English acronym SDU) is a public comprehensive university in Shandong, China.
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Shandong University of Finance and Economics is a post-secondary institution of education in Jinan, Shandong province, China.
Shandong University of Science and Technology (SUST) established in 1951 is a university in Shandong province, China.
Shandong University of Technology (SDTU), is a university located in Zibo, Shandong, China.
Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SDUTCM) is a university based in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
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Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population, p. 395.
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The Shengli Oil Field is the second-largest oil field in the People's Republic of China, with daily production of approximately.
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Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or as Fengtian, is the provincial capital and largest city of Liaoning Province, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
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Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
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Shinan District ("South City") is a district (区) of Qingdao, Shandong.
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Shizhong District is one of six districts of Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, People's Republic of China, forming part of the city's urban core.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Xiandai Hanyu Tongyong Zibiao (List of Commonly Used Characters in Modern Chinese) for use in mainland China.
Sinicization, sinicisation, sinofication, or sinification,, also called chinalization, is a process whereby non-Han Chinese societies come under the influence of Han Chinese state and society.
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The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.
The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
New!!: Shandong and Song dynasty ·
Sorghum is a genus of plants in the grass family.
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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (lit. The Republic of Great Han; ROK), and commonly referred to as Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
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The Southern and Northern Dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589.
The Southern Yan (398-410) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
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In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
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The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC).
A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China, is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.
Subdistrict is a low level administrative division of a District.
New!!: Shandong and Subdistrict ·
The Sui dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China. Preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it unified China for the first time after over a century of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang dynasty. Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui dynasty capital was Chang'an (which was renamed Daxing, 581–605) and the later at Luoyang (605–614). Emperors Wen and Yang undertook various centralized reforms including the equal-field system, intended to reduce economic inequality and improve agricultural productivity; the institution of the Three Departments and Six Ministries system; and the standardization and re-unification of the coinage. They also spread and encouraged Buddhism throughout the empire and undertook monumental construction projects including expanding the Great Wall and digging the Grand Canal. After its costly and disastrous military campaigns against the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo ended in defeat by 614, the dynasty disintegrated under a series of popular revolts culminating in the assassination of Emperor Yang by his ministers in 618. The dynasty's short duration—only thirty seven years—is often attributed to its heavy demands on its subjects, including taxation and the compulsory labor demanded by its ambitious construction projects. The dynasty is often compared to the earlier Qin dynasty, which also undertook wide-ranging reforms and construction projects yet lasted only a few decades.
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Tai'an is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province of the People's Republic of China.
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The Taihang Mountains are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces.
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Taipei (literally means "North of Tai(wan)"), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan.
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Taishan (泰山区; Pinyin: Tàishān Qū) is a district of Tai'an in the Chinese province of Shandong.
Taiwan (see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC) is a sovereign state in East Asia.
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The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
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Taoism (sometimes Daoism) is a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
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In geography, temperate or tepid latitudes of Earth lie between the tropics and the polar regions.
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The Temple of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province of China, is the "original", largest and most renowned temples of Confucius in East Asia.
Tengzhou is a county-level city of Zaozhuang, Shandong province of the People's Republic of China, and is the site of the feudal vassal State of Teng during the Spring and Autumn Period.
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The Thousand Buddha Mountain is a hill located southeast of the city of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, China.
The Three Alls Policy was a Japanese scorched earth policy adopted in China during World War II, the three "alls" being "kill all, burn all, loot all".
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The Three Kingdoms (AD 220–280), a tripartite division between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳), To further distinguish the three states from other historical Chinese states of the same name, historians have added a relevant character: Wei is also known as Cao Wei (曹魏), Shu is also known as Shu Han (蜀漢), and Wu is also known as Dong (or Eastern) Wu (東吳).
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When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 鎮 (simplified: 镇; pinyin: zhèn; Wade–Giles chen4).
Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
New!!: Shandong and Treaty of Versailles ·
Tsingtao Brewery Co.,Ltd. (Tsingtao-Brauerei) is China's second largest brewery.
New!!: Shandong and Tsingtao Brewery ·
Tyrannosaurus (or ("tyrant lizard", from the Ancient Greek tyrannos (τύραννος), "tyrant", and sauros (σαῦρος), "lizard")) is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The University of Jinan is a university in Jinan, Shandong province, China.University of Jinan is a comprehensive university under the administration of Shandong Province and Jinan City, with the former as the main administrator.
New!!: Shandong and University of Jinan ·
The Warlord Era (19161928) was a period in the history of the Republic of China when the control of the country was divided among its military cliques in the mainland regions of Sichuan, Shanxi, Qinghai, Ningxia, Guangdong, Guangxi, Gansu, Yunnan and Xinjiang.
New!!: Shandong and Warlord Era ·
The Warring States period is a period in ancient China following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the victory of the state of Qin in 221 BC, creating a unified China under the Qin dynasty.
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The Washington Naval Conference, also called the Washington Arms Conference or the Washington Disarmament Conference, was a military conference called by President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington from 12 November 1921 to 6 February 1922.
Weifang is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Weifang Airport is an airport in Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China.
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Weihai (English: Port Edward) is a city in eastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Weihai Dashuibo Airport (or Weihaiwei Airport) is an airport serving the city of Weihai in Shandong province, China.
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Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East but now cultivated worldwide.
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The East Asian snowstorms of 2009–2010 were heavy winter storms, including blizzards, ice storms, and other winter events, that affected East Asia from 8 May 2009 to 28 February 2010.
A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Wuhai (ᠦᠬᠠᠢ) is a prefecture-level city and regional center in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, and is by area the smallest prefecture-level division of the region.
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Xuecheng (薛城区) is a district of Zaozhuang in the Chinese province of Shandong.
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Xuzhou, otherwise known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a major city in and the fourth largest prefecture-level city of Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China.
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Yantai, formerly known as Chefoo or Chih-fou (芝罘 Zhīfú), is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Shandong province, China.
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Yantai Laishan Airport is a military airport in Yantai in Shandong, China.
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Yantai University is a public university founded in 1984 with the assistance of Peking University and Tsinghua University in Yantai, Shandong, China.
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Yanzhou (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Yenchow) is a district and former county-level city under the administration of Jining, in the southwest of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, war criminal, and commander-in-chief of the China Expeditionary Army from November 1944 to the end of World War II.
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The Yellow River or Huáng Hé is the third-longest river in Asia, following the Yangtze River and Yenisei River, and the sixth-longest in the world at the estimated length of.
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The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Sea, which is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean.
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Yinchuan is the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, and former capital of the Western Xia Empire of the Tanguts.
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Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese general, politician and "emperor", famous for his influence during the late Qing Dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.
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The Yueshi culture of the Shandong region of China, is dated from 1900 to 1500 BC.
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Zaozhuang is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Zhan Qiao (Chinese 栈桥, loading pier) pier is at the southern shore of Qingdao off Zhongshan Road.
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Zhang Zongchang (13 February 1881 – 3 September 1932), nicknamed the "Dogmeat General" and "72-Cannon Chang", was a Chinese warlord in Shandong in the early 20th century.
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Zhangdian is the central urban district of Zibo city in Shandong province, China.
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The Zhili clique was one of several mutually hostile cliques or factions that split from the Beiyang clique during the Republic of China's warlord era.
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The Zhou dynasty was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
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Zhucheng is a county-level city in the southeast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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Zibo (pronounced) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China.
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The 11th National Games of the People's Republic of China was held in various cities in Shandong from October 16 to October 28, 2009.
CN-37, Chantoung, Qilu, Shan dong, Shan-Tung, Shan-tung, Shandong Province, Shandong Province, China, Shandong province, Shandong, China, Shang-tung, Shangdong, Shangtung, Shantung, Shantung Province, Shantung province, Shāndōng, South Shantung, 山东, 山东省, 山東, 山東省.