624 relations: Aarhus County, Aden, Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Administrative divisions of China, Adolf Hitler, Air pollution, Alexandria, Algeria, Algiers, Alluvial plain, Antwerp, Architectural style, Argentina, Art Deco, Asia-Pacific, Association football, ATP World Tour Masters 1000, Austria, Badminton, Bangkok, Baoshan District, Shanghai, Barcelona, Basel, Battle of Shanghai, Battle of Shanghai (1861), Beijing, Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway, Beijing–Shanghai railway, Belgium, Belgrade, Bicycle-sharing system, Bluegogo, BMW Masters, Borås, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bourgeoisie, Bratislava Region, Brazil, Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River, Budapest, Buddhism, Bulgaria, Bus, Busan, Cambodia, Canada, Casablanca, Catholic Church, Century Park (Shanghai), Changning District, ..., Chen Liangyu, Cheongsam, Chiang Mai, Chicago, Chile, China, China Art Museum, China Baowu Steel Group, China Baseball League, China Dragon, China Europe 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Aarhus County or Århus County (Århus Amt) is a former county of Denmark (Danish: amt) on the Jutland peninsula.
Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.
Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The ATP World Tour Masters 1000 (previously known as the ATP Championship Series, Single-Week, ATP Mercedes-Benz Super 9, Tennis Masters Series, and ATP Masters Series) is the third highest tier of annual men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments and the ATP Finals.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
, is a suburban district of Shanghai.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
The Battle of Shanghai was the first of the twenty-two major engagements fought between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Battle of Shanghai (太平軍二攻上海) was a major engagement of the Taiping Rebellion that occurred from June 1861 to July 1862.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (or Jinghu high-speed railway, from its name in Mandarin) is a high-speed railway long that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.
The Beijing–Shanghai railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
Bluegogo is a bicycle-sharing system based in Tianjin, China, founded and owned by Tianjin Luding Technology Co., Ltd.
The BMW Masters was a golf tournament played annually at Lake Malaren Golf Club, in Luodian, Shanghai, China.
Borås is a city (officially, a locality) and the seat of Borås Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
The Bratislava Region (Bratislavský kraj.) is one of the administrative regions of Slovakia.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Century Park is the largest park in the city of Shanghai.
, is a district of Shanghai.
Chen Liangyu (born October 24, 1946) is a disgraced Chinese politician best known for his tenure as the Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai, the city's top office, from 2002 to his dismissal in 2006, and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
The cheongsam (from Cantonese;, or) is a body-hugging one-piece Chinese dress for women, also known as qipao (from Mandarin) or qípáo, and was ROC's mandarin gown.
Chiang Mai (from เชียงใหม่, ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦ ᩲᩉ᩠ᨾ᩵) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The China Art Museum, also called the China Art Palace (Shanghainese: Zongwu Nyizeh Ghon), is a museum of modern Chinese art located in Pudong, Shanghai.
China Baowu Steel Group Corp., Ltd., commonly referred to as Baowu Steel, is a state-owned iron and steel company headquartered in the Baosteel Tower in Pudong, Shanghai, China.
The China Baseball League (CBL) is a professional baseball league under the administration of Chinese Baseball Association, founded in 2002.
The China Dragon was a professional ice hockey team which played its home games in three different cities in China, including Harbin, Qiqihar, and Shanghai.
China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) is a globally top-ranked business school located in Shanghai, China.
China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong (CELAP) is a Communist Party of China cadre school located in Pudong, Shanghai.
China Internet Information Center (or 中国网/网上中国) is a web portal authorized by the People's Republic of China.
The Chinese Football Association China League, also known as China League One or Chinese Jia League (中甲联赛), is the second tier of Chinese clubs.
The China national cricket team is the team that represents the People's Republic of China in international cricket.
The China pavilion at Expo 2010 in Pudong, Shanghai, colloquially known as the Oriental Crown, was the largest national pavilion at the Shanghai Expo and the largest display in the history of the World Expo.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), with historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republic of China era, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated as CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China.
Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.
The Chinese Grand Prix is a round of the Formula One World Championship.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), also known as the People's PCC (人民政协) or just the PCC (政协), is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China.
Sets of ritual bronzes (in chinese: 中国青铜器) are the most impressive surviving objects from the Chinese Bronze Age.
Chinese salvationist religions or Chinese folk religious sects are a Chinese religious tradition characterised by a concern for salvation (moral fulfillment) of the person and the society.
The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as the China Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Chongming District is northernmost district of the provincial-level municipality of Shanghai.
Chongming, formerly known as Chungming, is an alluvial island at the mouth of the Yangtze River in eastern China covering as of 2010.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Christianity in China appeared in the 7th century, during the Tang dynasty, but did not take root until it was reintroduced in the 16th century by Jesuit missionaries.
Christianity is a minority faith in Shanghai, a large city in East China.
Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.
The cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan.
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan.
The Chenghuangshen, usually translated as City God, is a tutelary deity or deities in Chinese folk religion who is believed to protect the people and the affairs of the particular village, town or city of great dimension, and the corresponding afterlife location.
The City God Temple or Temple of the City Gods (Shanghainese: Zånhae Senwonmioh), officially the City Temple of Shanghai, is a folk temple located in the old city of Shanghai, China.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution often, but not necessarily inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism as an intermediate stage.
In international law, a concession is a territory within a country that is administered by an entity other than the state which holds sovereignty over it.This is usually a colonizing power, or at least mandated by one, as in the case of colonial chartered companies.
The Confucian church is a Confucian religious and social institution of the congregational type.
The Confucian Temple or Temple of Confucius of Shanghai Wénmiào), is a folk Confucian temple in the old city of Shanghai, China.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Constanța (Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Кюстенджа or Констанца, Köstence), historically known as Tomis (Τόμις), is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania.
A container port or container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation.
Container ships (sometimes spelled containerships) are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization.
A continent is one of several very large landmasses of the world.
Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in south-west Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
Critical realism, a philosophical approach associated with Roy Bhaskar (1944–2014), combines a general philosophy of science (transcendental realism) with a philosophy of social science (critical naturalism) to describe an interface between the natural and social worlds.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
The Custom House is an eight storey building on the Bund, Shanghai.
Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction in a futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of lowlife and high tech" featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Deposition is the geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform or land mass.
Der Ostasiatische Lloyd (OAL) was a German language newspaper published in Shanghai, China.
The Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters (DTM, German Touring Car Masters) is a touring car series sanctioned by DMSB and ITR who has been an affiliation of FIA since 1976 and 2003 respectively.
A municipality, also translated as direct-controlled municipality (informally, municipality directly under the central government, or province-level municipality), is the highest level of classification for cities used by the People's Republic of China.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
Dong Qichang (courtesy name Xuanzai (玄宰); 1555–1636), was a Chinese painter, scholar, calligrapher, and art theorist of the later period of the Ming Dynasty.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.
East China Normal University (ECNU) is a comprehensive public research university in Shanghai, China.
The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.
The socialist market economy of the People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), although China's National Bureau of Statistics denies the latter assessment.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eileen Chang (September 30, 1920 – September 8, 1995), also known as Zhang Ailing or Chang Ai-ling, was one of the most influential modern Chinese writers.
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (8 September 685 – 3 May 762), also commonly known as Emperor Ming of Tang or Illustrious August, personal name Li Longji, also known as Wu Longji from 690 to 705, was the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 713 to 756 C.E. His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty.
Espoo (Esbo) is the second largest city and municipality in Finland.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Eurasian Geography and Economics is an academic journal in economic and political geography as well as in macroeconomics of the Eurasian continent, published in association with the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Expo 2010, officially the Expo 2010 Shanghai China, was held on both banks of the Huangpu River in Shanghai, China, from 1 May to 31 October 2010.
The expressway network of China, with the national-level expressway system officially known as the National Trunk Highway System (abbreviated as NTHS), is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in China.
A fashion week is a fashion industry event, lasting approximately one week, wherein fashion designers, brands or "houses" display their latest collections in runway fashion shows to buyers and the media.
fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment (FDI) publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
Fengxian District, is a suburban district in the south of Shanghai with a land area of, a registered population (as of 2010) of 1,083,400, and 1.5 to 2 times more migrants.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
The Four Lords of the Warring States were four powerful aristocrats of the late Warring States period of Chinese history who exerted a strong influence on the politics of their respective states in the third century BCE.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Fu Baoshi, or Fu Pao-Shih, (1904-1965) was a Chinese painter from Xinyu, Jiangxi Province.
Fudan University, located in Shanghai, China, is a C9 League university that is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China.
Fuxing Park (复兴公园) is located in the former French Concession of Shanghai, China, in Luwan District near Nanchang Road; the main entrance is at the cross street of Fuxingzhong Road and Chongqingnan Road.
The Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, commonly referred to as the Shenhai Expressway is an expressway in China that connects the cities of Shenyang, Liaoning, and Haikou, Hainan.
The Shanghai Ring Expressway, designated G1503, formerly designated as A30 and G1501, and also known as the Shanghai Suburb Ring Expressway, is a that encircles Shanghai, a direct-controlled municipality in the People's Republic of China.
The Beijing–Shanghai Expressway or Jinghu Expressway is a major expressway of China, linking the capital Beijing in the north to Shanghai on the central coast.
The Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hushan Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Shanghai, China, and Xi'an, Shaanxi.
The Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hurong Expressway is an east-west bound expressway that connects the eastern metropolis of Shanghai to Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan.
The Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway, commonly referred to as the Huyu Expressway is an east-west bound expressway that connects the cities of Shanghai, China in Yangtze River Delta, and Chongqing in western China.
The Shanghai–Kunming Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hukun Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Shanghai, China, and Kunming, Yunnan.
The Gang of Four was a political faction composed of four Chinese Communist Party officials.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
The General Post Office Building (Chinese:上海邮政总局大楼) is the head post office of Shanghai, China.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is head of the Communist Party of China and the highest-ranking official within the People's Republic of China.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) is a ranking of the competitiveness of financial centres based on over 29,000 financial centre assessments from an online questionnaire together with over 100 indices from organisations such as the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the Economist Intelligence Unit.
The Global Times is a daily Chinese tabloid newspaper under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues from China's perspective.
Gongqing Forest Park is the second-largest park in the city of Shanghai.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.
The Greater Shanghai Plan was a 1927 plan for the city of Shanghai, China, drawn up by the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China in Nanking.
Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Guayaquil, officially Santiago de Guayaquil (St.), is the largest and the most populous city in Ecuador, with around 2 million people in the metropolitan area, as well as the nation's main port.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
Haipai (海派, Shanghainese: hepha,; literally "Shanghai style") refers to the avant-garde but unique "East Meets West" culture from Shanghai in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Haiyong, formerly Haiyong Township, is a town of Haimen in Jiangsu, China.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hamhŭng (Hamhŭng-si) is North Korea's second largest city, and the capital of South Hamgyŏng Province.
Hangzhou Bay, or the Bay of Hangzhou, is an inlet of the East China Sea, bordered by the province of Zhejiang and the municipality of Shanghai.
The Hànyǔ Shuǐpíng Kǎoshì (HSK), translated as the Chinese Proficiency Test or the Chinese Standard Exam, is China's only standardized test of Standard Chinese language proficiency for non-native speakers such as foreign students and overseas Chinese.
A harpoon is a long spear-like instrument used in fishing, whaling, sealing, and other marine hunting to catch large fish or marine mammals such as whales.
Hauraki District is a territorial authority within the Waikato Region of New Zealand.
He Tianjian (1891 – 2 April 1977), formerly romanized as Ho T'ien-chien, was a Chinese guohua painter and a leading member of the Shanghai School of art.
Hengsha is a low-lying alluvial island at the mouth of the Yangtze River in eastern China.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
, formerly spelled Hongkew, is a district of Shanghai, forming part of the northern urban core.
Hongqiao Road Station is an interchange station between Lines 3, 4 and 10 on the Shanghai Metro.
Hongqiao Subdistrict (Shanghainese: ghon1jiau1 ka1dau2) is a subdistrict of Changning District in the western part of Shanghai's urban core.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
The HSBC Building (also known as the Municipal Government Building) is a six-floor neo-classical building in the Bund area of Shanghai, China.
Hu Die (1907 or 1908 – April 23, 1989), also known by her English name Butterfly Wu, was one of the most popular Chinese actresses during the 1920s and 1930s.
---- Hu Jintao (born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012.
Huaihai Road or Huaihai Lu (Shanghainese: Wahae Lu) is one of the two major shopping streets in Shanghai, China; the other is Nanjing Road.
Huang Ju (28 September 1938 – 2 June 2007) was a Chinese politician and a high-ranking leader in the Communist Party of China.
District, makes up the eastern part of Shanghai's traditional urban core and is today the most central of Shanghai's 16 districts.
The, formerly romanized as Whangpoo, is a long river flowing through Shanghai that was first excavated and created by Lord Chunshen, one of the Four Lords of the Warring States during the Warring States period (475 BC - 221 BC).
Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding is a wholly owned subsidiary of China State Shipbuilding Corporation, the largest shipbuilding group in China and the second largest in the world.
Hukou is a system of household registration in mainland China and Taiwan, although the system itself is more properly called "huji", and has origins in ancient China.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
In the Mood for Love is a 2000 romantic Hong Kong film written, produced, and directed by Wong Kar-wai.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Institute of Archaeology (IA) is a constituent institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), based in Beijing, China.
The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is the leading international body representing the interests of people who rely on libraries and information professionals.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
The islands of Shanghai are those under the jurisdiction of the Shanghai municipal government.
ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Israel's Messenger, also known in Chinese as Youtai Yuebao, was an English-language newspaper published in Shanghai from 1904 to 1941.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jade is an ornamental mineral, mostly known for its green varieties, which is featured prominently in ancient Asian art.
The Jade Buddha Temple (literally Jade Buddha Chan Temple) is a Buddhist temple in Shanghai, China.
Jalisco, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco (Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The January 28 Incident or Shanghai Incident (January 28 – March 3, 1932) was a conflict between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan, before official hostilities of the Second Sino-Japanese War commenced in 1937.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
War crimes of the Empire of Japan occurred in many Asia-Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
Jiading is a suburban district of Shanghai.
Jiang Qing (March 19, 1914May 14, 1991), also known as Madame Mao, was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary, Chinese actress, and major political figure during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (sometimes spelled Kiang-nan, literally "South of the river") is a geographic area in China referring to lands immediately to the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of its delta.
Jiangnan Shipyard is a historic shipyard in Shanghai, China.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Jiangsu Road Subdistrict（江苏路街道) is a district in eastern Changning District（长宁区, Shanghai, China. It is one of the busiest subdistricts in Changning District and consists of the main governmental headquarters of Changning District. Location: Eastern Changning District, Shanghai, China Size: 1.52km2 Population: 60,000 Main Station: Jiangsu Road Station Category:Shanghai.
Jiaxing is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, China.
Jiefang Daily, also translated as Liberation Daily, is the official daily newspaper of the Shanghai Committee of the Communist Party of China.
The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.
The Jin Mao Tower, also known as the or, is an 88-story (93 if counting the floors in the spire) landmark skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China.
Jin Yan (April 7, 1910 – December 27, 1983) was a Korean-born Chinese actor who gained fame during China's golden age of cinema, based in Shanghai.
Jing'an District, is one of the central districts of Shanghai.
Jing'an Park is a park located at the Western section of Nanjing Road, just opposite the Jing'an Temple in Shanghai, China.
Jing'an Temple is a Buddhist temple on the West Nanjing Road in Shanghai, China.
Jinshan District, is a suburban district of southwestern Shanghai, neighboring Zhejiang province and Hangzhou Bay.
Jinshan Railway or Jinshan Line is a commuter railway line in Shanghai, part of the planned Shanghai Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway.
Jiuduansha is a collection of four intertidal wetland shoals at the mouth of China's Yangtze River.
The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kuopio is a city and municipality located in Northern Savonia, Finland.
KwaZulu-Natal (also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province") is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged.
Lake Tai or Lake Taihu is a large freshwater lake in the Yangtze Delta plain.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
László Ede Hudec or Ladislav Hudec (Hugyecz László Ede) (Banská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary January 8, 1893 – Berkeley, October 26, 1958) was a Hungarian–Slovak architect active in Shanghai from 1918 to 1945 and responsible for some of that city's most notable structures.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Li Keqiang (Mandarin:; born 1 July 1955) is the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
Li Qiang (born July 1959) is a Chinese politician and senior regional official.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, in order of their Human Development Index (HDI), alongside Taiwan.
Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is further divided into 16 districts. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai as the urban core is scattered across several districts, although Huangpu is generally considered the center of Shanghai.
Attractions in Shanghai, China, include.
This is a list of the world's busiest container ports (ports with container terminals that specialize in handling goods transported in shipping containers) by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.
The article lists China's province-level divisions by gross domestic product (GDP).
The article lists China's first-level administrative divisions by their gross domestic product per capita in main years.
According to the Demographia research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.
This article lists the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper.
This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of skyscrapers.
This article is list of Economic and Technological Development Zones in Shanghai, China.
This is a list of novels set in Shanghai, China.
The following is a list of films set wholly or partially in Shanghai.
This is a list of islands of China.
This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide.
Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.
This page lists the stations of the Shanghai Metro, a rapid transit system serving Shanghai, China and one of the fastest-growing metro systems in the world.
The world's tallest artificial structure is the Burj Khalifa in Dubai (of the United Arab Emirates).
The city of Shanghai, China is one of the fastest growing cities in the world in terms of skyscraper construction, with the City of Shanghai reporting at the end of 2004 that there had been 6,704 buildings of 11 stories or more completed since 1990.
This is a list of universities and colleges in Shanghai.
This article is a list of universities in mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau (of P.R.C.). By May of 2017, there were 2,914 colleges and universities, with over 20 million students enrolled in mainland China.
Liu Xiang (born July 13, 1983 in Putuo District, Shanghai) is a retired Chinese 110 meter hurdler.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Longhua Temple (literally "Lustre of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha located in Shanghai, China.
A longtang (弄堂 lòngtáng, Shanghainese: longdang) is a lane in Shanghai and, by extension, a community centred on a lane or several interconnected lanes.
Lord Chunshen (died 238 BC), born Huang Xie, was a nobleman, general, and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Chu during the late Warring States period of ancient China.
The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles.
Lu Xun (Wade–Giles romanisation: Lu Hsün) was the pen name of Zhou Shuren (25 September 1881 – 19 October 1936), a leading figure of modern Chinese literature.
Lu Xun Park, formerly Hongkou (Hongkew) Park, is a municipal park in Hongkou District of Shanghai, the People's Republic of China.
Lujiazui (lit. meaning "Lu's mouth"), formerly known as Lokatse from its pronunciation in Shanghainese, is a locality in Shanghai, a peninsula formed by a bend in the Huangpu River.
Magnolia denudata, known as the lilytree or Yulan magnolia, is native to central and eastern China.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Man's Fate (French: La condition humaine, "The Human Condition"), is a 1933 novel written by André Malraux.
Manaus or Manaós before 1939 or (formerly) Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in the North Region of Brazil.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Mao Dun (4 July 1896 – 27 March 1981) was the pen name of Shen Dehong (Shen Yanbing), a 20th-century Chinese novelist, cultural critic, and the Minister of Culture of People's Republic of China (1949–65).
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Maputo (formerly named Lourenço Marques until 1976) is the capital and most populous city of Mozambique.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on 4 May 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mi Fu (also given as Mi Fei, 1051–1107)Barnhart: 373.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Minhang District, is a suburban district of Shanghai with a land area of and population of 2,429,000 residents as of 2010.
Mobike (p), founded by Beijing Mobike Technology Co., Ltd.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Nanhui District, formerly romanized as Nanhwei, was a district of Shanghai until it was merged into Pudong New Area in May 2009.
Nanjing Road (Shanghainese: Nuecin Lu) is the main shopping street of Shanghai, China, and is one of the world's busiest shopping streets.
Nantong (former names: Nan-t'ung, Nantung, Tongzhou, or Tungchow; Qihai dialect) is a prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, China.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Neon is a chemical element with symbol Ne and atomic number 10.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
New York University Shanghai (NYU Shanghai) is jointly established by New York University and East China Normal University of Shanghai.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Nicosia (Λευκωσία; Lefkoşa) is the largest city on the island of Cyprus.
Nien Cheng or Zheng Nian (January 28, 1915 – November 2, 2009) is the pen name of Yao Nien-Yuan.
The Ningbo dialect is a dialect of Wu Chinese, one subdivision of Chinese language.
The North China Daily News (in Chinese: Zilin Xibao), was an English-language newspaper in Shanghai, China, called the most influential foreign newspaper of its time.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
ofo is a Beijing-based bicycle sharing company founded in 2014.
The Old City of Shanghai (Shanghainese: Zånhae Loh Senshian), also formerly known as the Chinese city, is the traditional urban core of Shanghai, China.
One Lujiazui, previously known as Development Tower, is a skyscraper in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Oriental Art Center (Chinese: 中心, p Shànghǎi Dōngfāng Yìshù Zhōngxīn), abbreviated SHOAC, is one of the leading performance and cultural facilities in Shanghai, China.
The Oriental Pearl Radio & Television Tower (official name: 东方明珠广播电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai.
Oriental Sports Daily (Chinese: 东方体育日报; Pinyin: Dōngfāng Tǐyù Rìbào), formerly called Xinmin Sports, was the first Chinese sports newspaper, apart from China Sports.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
is a prefecture located in the Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Pan Tianshou (1897–1971) was a Chinese painter and art educator.
The description Paris of the East has been liberally applied to a large number of locations, including: Urmia, Iran.
Park Hotel, historically the Shanghai Joint Savings Society Building, is an Art Deco hotel on Nanjing Road West, Shanghai, China.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
The Peace Hotel is a hotel on The Bund in Shanghai, China, which overlooks the surrounding areas.
A peninsula (paeninsula from paene "almost” and insula "island") is a piece of land surrounded by water on the majority of its border, while being connected to a mainland from which it extends.
The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
People's Square is a large public square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phnom Penh (or; ភ្នំពេញ phnum pɨñ), formerly known as Krong Chaktomuk or Krong Chaktomuk Serimongkul (ក្រុងចតុមុខសិរិមង្គល), is the capital and most populous city in Cambodia.
Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, usually known as the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China.
The Politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania Province (in Polish województwo pomorskie, in Kashubian Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò), is a voivodeship, or province, in north-western Poland.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of Shanghai, comprises a deep-sea port and a river port.
Port Vila is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu and is on the island of Efate.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Power Station of Art is a contemporary art museum in Shanghai, China.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (constitutionally synonymous with the "Central People's Government" since 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service.
The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in member and non-member nations intended to evaluate educational systems by measuring 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics, science, and reading.
Project 985 is a project that was first announced by CPC General secretary and Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998, to promote the development and reputation of the Chinese higher education system by founding world-class universities in the 21st century.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
The Korean Provisional Government (KPG), formally the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chungking, during the Japanese occupation of Korea.
Pudong is a district of Shanghai located east of the Huangpu River across from the historic city center of Shanghai in Puxi.
Putuo District, is a municipal district of Shanghai Municipality, People's Republic of China.
Puxi (Chinese:, p Pǔxī, Shanghainese Phu上-shi平, lit "Huangpu West Bank") is the historic center of Shanghai, China, and remains the home of approximately 48% of Shanghai's residents in an area of 288 km².
The Qatar Financial Centre Authority (QFC Authority) is a business and financial centre located in Doha, providing legal and business infrastructure for financial services.
Qi Baishi (1 January 1864 – 16 September 1957) was a Chinese painter, noted for the whimsical, often playful style of his watercolor works.
Qilong is a township of Qidong in Jiangsu, China.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qingpu District, is a suburban district of Shanghai Municipality.
Rail transport is an important mode of long-distance transportation in the People's Republic of China.
Regular script (Hepburn: kaisho), also called 正楷, 真書 (zhēnshū), 楷體 (kǎitǐ) and 正書 (zhèngshū), is the newest of the Chinese script styles (appearing by the Cao Wei dynasty ca. 200 CE and maturing stylistically around the 7th century), hence most common in modern writings and publications (after the Ming and gothic styles, used exclusively in print).
Ren Yi (1840–1896), also known as Ren Bonian, was a painter and son of a rice merchant who supplemented his income by doing portraits.
Ren Xiong (July 19, 1823 – November 23, 1857) was a Chinese painter from Xiaoshan, Zhejiang, active during the late Qing dynasty.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community.
The Rockbund Art Museum (RAM) is a contemporary art museum in central Shanghai, China.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Shanghai (Dioecesis Sciamhaevensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Municipality of Shanghai, China.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.
Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Ruan Fenggen (April 26, 1910 – March 8, 1935), better known as Ruan Lingyu, was a Chinese silent film actress.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
SAIC Motor Corporation Limited (SAIC, formerly Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation) is a Chinese state-owned automotive design and manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai, China, with multinational operations.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city of Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
Sha Menghai (June 11, 1900—1992), born Shi Wenruo (沙文若), was a great master of calligraphy in China.
The Shanghai Botanical Garden is a botanic garden located in the southwestern suburbs of Shanghai, China, (around 12 km southwest of the city centre) in the Xuhui District.
The Shanghai clique is the name given to an informal group of officials in the Communist Party of China, especially those who serve in the Central Committee or the Central Government of China, who rose to prominence in connection to the Shanghai municipal administration under Jiang Zemin, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
The Shanghai Cricket Club is a cricket club based in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai cricket team was a cricket team that played various international matches between 1866 and 1948.
Shanghai cuisine (上海菜), also known as Hu cuisine (滬菜), is a popular style of Chinese food.
Shanghai Daily (Pinyin: Shànghǎi Rìbào) is an English-language newspaper in China started in October 1999 and owned by Shanghai United Media Group.
Shanghai Detention Center (SDC) (Chinese: 上海市看守所; Pinyin: shànghǎishì kānshǒusuǒ) is located in Pudong, Shanghai, about 20 miles outside of downtown Shanghai.
Shanghai Disney Resort is a themed resort in Pudong, Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury was an English language newspaper in Shanghai, China, published by the Post-Mercury Co.
The Shanghai Exhibition Centre or the Shanghai Exhibition Hall is an exhibition and convention centre in central Shanghai, China.
Shanghai Fashion Week is a fashion event held two times every year in Shanghai, each time lasting for seven days which is a part of Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival which usually lasts for a month.
Shanghai Free-Trade Zone (Shanghai FTZ or SFTZ, colloquially known as 上海自由贸易区/上海自贸区 in Chinese), officially China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone is a free-trade zone in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai French Concession (Concession française de Changhaï) was a foreign concession in Shanghai, China from 1849 until 1943, which progressively expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE) was formed from the amalgamation of the Shanghai Metal Exchange, Shanghai Foodstuffs Commodity Exchange, and the Shanghai Commodity Exchange in December 1999.
The Shanghai Ghetto, formally known as the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees, was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkew district of Japanese-occupied Shanghai (the southern Hongkou and southwestern Yangpu districts of modern Shanghai).
Shanghai Golden Eagles (上海金鹰) is a baseball team based in Shanghai and a member of the China Baseball League.
The Shanghai Grand Theatre is one of the largest and best-equipped automatic stages in the world.
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua Football Club, is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport is one of two international airports of Shanghai and an important aviation hub of China.
Shanghai Hongqiao (Shanghainese: Zånhae œnjiohzaen) is one of the three major railway stations in Shanghai, China, the others being Shanghai railway station and Shanghai South railway station.
The Shanghai International Circuit is a motorsport race track, situated in the Jiading District, Shanghai.
Shanghai International Football Tournament (“SIFT”) was first played in 1991.
The Shanghai International Settlement originated from the 1863 merger of the British and American enclaves in Shanghai, parts of the Qing Empire held extraterritorially under the terms of a series of Unequal Treaties.
The Shanghai Jewish Chronicle was a Jewish newspaper operating in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum is a museum commemorating the Jewish refugees who lived in Shanghai during World War II after fleeing Europe to escape the Holocaust.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is a public research university in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai maglev train or Shanghai Transrapid is a magnetic levitation train, or maglev line that operates in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Masters (also known as Shanghai Rolex Masters for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts, and held annually in early October at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in the Minhang District of Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Radio and Television Station of Shanghai (RTS), a Shanghai-based government institutions, and its wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Media Group (SMG) is one of China’s largest media and cultural conglomerates, with the most complete portfolio of media and related businesses.
The Shanghai Metro is a rapid transit rail network in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban rail transit services to 13 of its 16 municipal districts, only Fengxian, Jinshan and Chongming districts are not served.
The Shanghai Museum is a museum of ancient Chinese art, situated on the People's Square in the Huangpu District of Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Natural History Museum (Shanghainese: Zånhae Zyzoe Pohvehguoe) is a museum dedicated to natural history in the city of Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Ocean Aquarium is a public aquarium located in Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Public Transportation Card (SPTC) or jiaotong yikatong (also known as) is a contactless card, utilizing RFID technology, which can be used to access many forms of public transport and related services in and around the Shanghai, China area.
Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Co.
Shanghai Pudong International Airport is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China.
Shanghai station (Shanghainese: Zånhae Hutsuzae) is one of the four major railway stations in Shanghai, China, the others being Shanghai South, Shanghai Hongqiao, and Shanghai West (Shanghaixi).
Shanghai Review of Books is a Chinese weekly paper-magazine supplement to Shanghai's Oriental Morning Daily (东方早报）with articles on literature, culture, history, art and current affairs, including book reviews, interviews and essays. It is published as an insert in each Sunday edition of the daily. It is one of the most influential literary-intellectual magazines in China. Most of its contributors are intellectuals such as writers or scholars. One special column of the Review would introduce a personal book room in Shanghai and its owner in every issue. The foundation of the Review is inspired by The New York Review of Books and London Review of Books in early 2008. The pilot issue of the Review was published in 25 May, and the formal first issue published in 6 July. The Review celebrated its 8th anniversary in 2016. The content of the Review also updates on news website The Paper (thepaper.cn). As the print version of Oriental Morning Daily has stopped publication since 2017, the Review has completely shifted to online edition.
The Shanghai Russians were a sizable Russian diaspora that flourished in Shanghai, China between the World Wars.
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum is a large museum in Pudong, Shanghai, close to Century Park, the largest park within the inner districts of the city.
Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers (Chinese: 上海科学技术出版社) is one of the largest scientific and technical publishing houses in the People's Republic of China.
The Shanghai Bilibili Sharks, are a Chinese Basketball Association team based in Shanghai, China.
Shanghai Shenxin Football Club is a professional football club that participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Shanghai SIPG F.C. or SIPG FC is a professional football club that participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Shanghai South station (Shanghainese: Zånhae Nuezae), is a railway station in the city of Shanghai, China.
Shanghai Star (上海英文星报) was a weekly English-language newspaper published in Shanghai, China, between 1992 and 2006.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) is a stock exchange that is based in the city of Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Tower is a, 128-story megatall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai.
Shanghaixi railway station is a railway station in the Putuo District of Shanghai which in the past, lost its importance as a result of Shanghai railway station further to the east.
The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) is a supertall skyscraper located in the Pudong district of Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai–Hangzhou high-speed railway, also known as the Huhang high-speed railway or Huhang passenger railway is a high-speed rail line in China between Shanghai and Hangzhou.
The Shanghai–Hangzhou railway also known as the Huhang railway, is a double-track railroad in eastern China between Shanghai and Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province.
The Shanghai–Nanjing intercity high-speed railway or Huning intercity high-speed railway is a long high-speed rail line between Shanghai and Nanjing in the People's Republic of China.
ShanghailandersSometimes "Shanghighlanders" in punning reference to the Scottish highlanders.
The Shanghainese people (Chinese: 上海人, Shanghainese: Zaanhaening,; p Shànghǎirén) are the natives of the City of Shanghai.
ShanghaiTech University (ShanghaiTech) is a new research university in Shanghai, China.
Shen Bao, formerly transliterated as Shun Pao or Shen-pao, known in English as Shanghai News, was a newspaper published from 30 April 1872 to 27 May 1949 in Shanghai, China.
Shen Congwen (28 December 1902 – 10 May 1988), formerly romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.
Shengsi County is a county in the northeast of Zhejiang province consisting of an archipelago islands located to the east of Hangzhou Bay.
The Sheshan Basilica, officially the National Shrine and Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Sheshan and also known as Basilica of Mary, Help of Christians is a prominent Roman Catholic church in Shanghai, China.
Sheshan (Shanghainese: Zo-sè) is a hill in the city of Shanghai in eastern China.
Shi Zhecun (December 3, 1905 – November 19, 2003) was a Chinese author and journal editor in Shanghai during the 1930s.
Shikumen (Chinese: t, s, p shíkùmén, Shanghainese "zakumen", lit. "Stone Warehouse Gate") is a traditional Shanghainese architectural style combining Western and Chinese elements that first appeared in the 1860s.
Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Silla (57 BC57 BC according to the Samguk Sagi; however Seth 2010 notes that "these dates are dutifully given in many textbooks and published materials in Korea today, but their basis is in myth; only Goguryeo may be traced back to a time period that is anywhere near its legendary founding." – 935 AD) was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula.
Siltation or siltification is the pollution of water by particulate terrestrial clastic material, with a particle size dominated by silt or clay.
The Sino-Soviet split (1956–1966) was the breaking of political relations between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), caused by doctrinal divergences arising from each of the two powers' different interpretation of Marxism–Leninism as influenced by the national interests of each country during the Cold War.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Site of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party is now preserved as a museum in Shanghai, China.
The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Small Swords Society was a political and military organisation active in Shanghai, China, and neighbouring areas amid the Taiping Rebellion.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Songjiang, is a suburban district, formerly a county, of Shanghai.
The Songjiang Square Pagoda or Songjiang Fangta, officially the Xingshengjiao Temple Pagoda, is a Buddhist pagoda in the old town of Songjiang in suburban Shanghai.
Songjiang (Chinese: t, s, p Sōngjiāng Zhèn; Shanghainese: Son1-kaon1 Tsen3), formerly romanized as Sungkiang, was a large town and the seat of Songjiang County in Shanghai.
The Songze Culture was a Neolithic culture that existed between 3800 and 3300 BCE in the Lake Tai area near Shanghai.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Stalinist architecture, also referred to as Stalinist Empire style or Socialist Classicism, is a term given to architecture of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, between 1933, when Boris Iofan's draft for Palace of the Soviets was officially approved, and 1955, when Nikita Khrushchev condemned "excesses" of the past decades and disbanded the Soviet Academy of Architecture.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
Subdistrict is a low-level administrative division of a district.
The subdistrict (literally "Street") (also abbreviated as 街(Jiē)) is one of the smaller political divisions of the People's Republic of China.
Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
Suzhou Creek (or Soochow Creek), also called Wusong River, is a river that passes through the Shanghai city center.
The Suzhou dialect (Suzhounese: Sou-tsøʏ ghé-ghô 蘇州閒話), also known as Suzhounese, is the variety of Chinese traditionally spoken in the city of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province, China.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
Taihu Wu (吳語太湖片) or Northern Wu dialects (北部吳語) are a group of Wu dialects spoken over much of southern part of Jiangsu province, including Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, the southern part of Nantong, Jingjiang and Danyang; the municipality of Shanghai; and the northern part of Zhejiang province, including Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Ningbo, Huzhou, and Jiaxing.
The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
A taxis (plural taxes) is the movement of an organism in response to a stimulus such as light or the presence of food.
Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.
In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
that's Shanghai is a monthly English-language listings and entertainment magazine published in China.
The Banker is an English-language monthly international financial affairs publication owned by The Financial Times Ltd.
The Bund or Waitan (Shanghainese: nga3thae1) is a waterfront area in central Shanghai.
The Difficult Couple, also translated as Die for Marriage, is a 1913 Chinese film.
HSBC, officially known as The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary of HSBC, the largest bank in Hong Kong, and operates branches and offices throughout the Asia Pacific region, and in other countries around the world.
The Shanghai Herald was an English-language newspaper published in Shanghai, China.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tianzifang or Tianzi Fang (Shanghainese: Deedzɿ Fãː) is a touristic arts and crafts enclave that has developed from a renovated traditional residential area in the French Concession area of Shanghai, China.
The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.
Tongji University, colloquially known as Tongji (同济, Tóngjì), is a comprehensive university located in Shanghai.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).
Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.
The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.
The was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel, Shimonoseki, Japan on 17 April 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War.
The Treaty of the Bogue was a treaty between China and the United Kingdom, concluded in October 1843 to supplement the previous Treaty of Nanking.
The Treaty of Wanghia (also Treaty of Wangxia, Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Commerce, with tariff of duties) was a diplomatic agreement between Qing-dynasty China and the United States, signed on July 3, 1844 in the Kun Iam Temple.
The Treaty of Whampoa was a commercial treaty between France and China, which was signed by Théodore de Lagrené and Qiying on October 24, 1844 aboard the warship L’Archimède.
The treaty ports was the name given to the port cities in China and Japan that were opened to foreign trade by the unequal treaties with the Western powers.
The Shanghai trolleybus system is a system of trolleybuses forming part of the public transport network in the city of Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
The Tuanpai, or Youth League Faction, is a term used by political observers to describe an informal political faction in the Communist Party of China, which includes cadres and government officials who originated from the Communist Youth League.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
The Vancouver Canucks are a professional ice hockey team based in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Vanuatu (or; Bislama, French), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is a Pacific island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Villages, formally village-level divisions in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system).
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
Wang Liqin (born June 18, 1978, Shanghai) is a retired Chinese table tennis player.
Wang Yihan (born January 18, 1988 in Shanghai) is a retired professional female badminton player from China and former women's singles world champion and Olympic silver medalist.
Wang Zhen (1867–1938), commonly known by his courtesy name Wang Yiting, was a prominent businessman and celebrated modern Chinese artist of the Shanghai School.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
Wenhui Bao (Chinese: 报, p Wénhuì Bào), anglicized as the Wenhui Daily,Shanghai Municipal Government.
Wenhui Book Review is a weekly newspaper based in Shanghai, owned by Wenhui-xinmin United Press Group.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
The WGC-HSBC Champions is a professional golf tournament, held annually in China.
The White movement (p) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.
Windhoek (Windhuk; ǀAiǁgams; Otjomuise) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.
Winston-Salem is a city in and the county seat of Forsyth County, North Carolina, United States. With a 2015 estimated population of 241,218, it is the second largest municipality in the Piedmont Triad region and the 5th-most populous city in North Carolina, and the 89th-most populous city in the United States. Winston-Salem is home to the tallest office building in the region, 100 North Main Street, formerly the Wachovia Building and now known locally as the Wells Fargo Center. Winston-Salem is called the "Twin City" for its dual heritage and "City of the Arts and Innovation" for its dedication to fine arts and theater and technological research. "Camel City" is a reference to the city's historic involvement in the tobacco industry related to locally based R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company's Camel cigarettes. Many locals refer to the city as "Winston" in informal speech. Another nickname, "the Dash," comes from the (-) in the city's name, although technically it is a hyphen, not a dash; this nickname is only used by the local minor league baseball team, the Winston-Salem Dash. In 2012, the city was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the U.S. by CBS MoneyWatch.
Wokou (Japanese: Wakō; Korean: 왜구 Waegu), which literally translates to "Japanese pirates" or "dwarf pirates", were pirates who raided the coastlines of China, Japan and Korea.
Wong Kar-wai, BBS (born 17 July 1958) is a Hong Kong Second Wave filmmaker, internationally renowned as an auteur for his visually unique, highly stylized work, including As Tears Go By (1988), Days of Being Wild (1990), Ashes of Time (1994), Chungking Express (1994), Fallen Angels (1995), Happy Together (1997), 2046 (2004) and The Grandmaster (2013).
Wu (Old Chinese: *) was one of the states during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period.
Wu Bangguo (born 12 July 1941) is a retired high-ranking politician in the People's Republic of China.
Wu Changshi (September 12, 1844 – November 29, 1927), born Wu Junqing, was a prominent painter, calligrapher and seal artist of the late Qing Period.
Wu (Shanghainese:; Suzhou dialect:; Wuxi dialect) is a group of linguistically similar and historically related varieties of Chinese primarily spoken in the whole Zhejiang province, city of Shanghai, and the southern half of Jiangsu province, as well as bordering areas.
Wu Commandery was a commandery of imperial China.
Wu or Wumen School is a group of painters of the Southern School during the Ming period of Chinese history.
Xi Jinping (born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician currently serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
The Xiaotaoyuan Mosque, formerly known as Islamic Western Mosque or Shanghai Western Mosque, is a mosque in Huangpu District, Shanghai, China.
Xie Zhiliu (1910–1997) was a leading traditional painter, calligrapher, and art connoisseur of modern China.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Xinmin Evening News (Chinese: 新民晚报 Pinyin: Xīnmín Wǎnbào), formerly known as Xinmin Po, is a newspaper published since September, 1929 in Shanghai, China.
Xintiandi (Shanghainese: Shintidi lit. "New Heaven and Earth",Warr, Anne: Shanghai Architecture, The Watermark Press, 2007, fig. "New World") is an affluent car-free shopping, eating and entertainment district of Shanghai, China.
Xinzhuang is a town located in Minhang District, Shanghai, China.
Xuhui District is a district of Shanghai.
Xujiahui, also spelt Zikawei or Ziccawei from Shanghainese, is a locality in Shanghai, China.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
Yan'an Elevated Road is an elevated expressway in the city of Shanghai, China.
Yang Xiong (born November 1953) is a Chinese politician and business executive who served as Mayor of Shanghai, and prior to that, Chairman of Shanghai Airlines.
Yangpu District is one of the 16 districts of Shanghai.
Yangshan Port (Chinese: 港, p Yángshān Gǎng, Wu Yan-se Kaon), formally the Yangshan Deep-Water Port (港, p Yángshān Shēnshuǐ Gǎng, Wu Yan-se Sen-sy Kaon), is a deep water port for container ships in Hangzhou Bay south of Shanghai.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yangtze River Delta or YRD is a triangle-shaped metropolitan region generally comprising the Wu Chinese-speaking areas of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province.
Yao Ming (born September 12, 1980) is a Chinese retired professional basketball player who played for the Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association (CBA) and the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Yin Yicui (born January 1955) is a female Chinese politician currently serving as the Chairwoman of the Shanghai People's Congress, having assumed the post in 2013.
Ying Yong (born November 1957) is a Chinese politician and current mayor of Shanghai.
, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.
Yonglongsha, sometimes translated as the Yonglong Shoal or Yonglong Sands, was a former island in the north channel of the Yangtze River above Chongming in eastern China.
The Yongzheng Emperor (13 December 1678 – 8 October 1735), born Yinzhen, was the fifth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the third Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
Yu Garden or Yuyuan Garden (Chinese: t, s, p Yù Yuán, Shanghainese "Yuyu" lit. Garden of Happiness) is an extensive Chinese garden located beside the City God Temple in the northeast of the Old City of Shanghai, China.
Yu Zhengsheng (born 5 April 1945) is a retired Chinese politician.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yue (Old Chinese: *), also known as Yuyue, was a state in ancient China which existed during the first millennium BC the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of China's Zhou dynasty in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.
Z/Yen is a commercial think-tank, consultancy and venture firm headquartered in the City of London.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zeng Qinghong (born 30 July 1939) is a retired Chinese politician.
The Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park is a technology park in the Pudong district of Shanghai, China.
Zhangjiang Tram is one of the only two tram lines operating in Shanghai today,the other being Songjiang Tram.It utilises a system manufactured by the French Translohr company.
Zhao Dan (June 27, 1915 - October 10, 1980) was a Chinese actor popular in the golden age of Chinese Cinema.
Zhao Juzhen was a Tang dynasty politician who served during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang.
Zhao Zhiqian (1829–1884) was a renowned Chinese calligrapher, seal carver and painter in the late Qing Dynasty, "the leading scholar-artist of his day." Zhao's seal carving had profound influence on the later masters, such as Wu Changshuo and Qi Baishi.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zhongshan Park is a common name for Chinese parks, in honour of Sun Yat-sen, better-known in Chinese as Sun Zhongshan, who is considered by many to be the "Father of modern China".
Zhongshan Park, formerly called Jessfield Park and Zhaofeng Park, is a park in Shanghai, China.
Zhou Xuan (born Su Pu; August 1, 1918 – September 22, 1957), also romanized as Chow Hsuan, was an iconic Chinese singer and film actress.
Zhou Zuoren (16 January 1885 – 6 May 1967) was a Chinese writer, primarily known as an essayist and a translator.
Zhu Rongji (IPA:; born 1 October 1928) is a retired Chinese politician who served as Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai from 1988 to 1991 and as First Vice Premier and then Premier from March 1998 to March 2003.
The 2013 Eastern China smog was a severe air pollution episode that affected East China, including all or parts of the municipalities of Shanghai and Tianjin, and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, and Zhejiang, during December 2013.
The 2017–18 NHL season was the 101st season of operation (100th season of play) of the National Hockey League.
50 Moganshan Road or "M50" is a contemporary art district in Shanghai, China, that houses a thriving community of more than a hundred artists whose studios are open to the public.
Air pollution in Shanghai, Ancient history of Shanghai, CN-31, CN-SH, China Shanghai, City of Shanghai, Economy of Shanghai, Municipality of Shanghai, Paris of China, Qinglong, Shanghai, S'hai, Sanghai, Schanghai, Shang Hai, Shang hai, Shang-Hai, Shang-hae, Shang-hai, ShangHai, Shangai, Shangai (architectural images), Shangha, Shanghae, Shanghai (China), Shanghai (architectural images), Shanghai (architecture images), Shanghai City, Shanghai Municipal Area, Shanghai Municipality, Shanghai Municipality, China, Shanghai Shi, Shanghai china, Shanghai municipality, Shanghai people, Shanghai, China, Shanghi, Shangkai, Shnaghai, Shàng Hai, Shànghǎi, Shànghǎi Shì, Snaghai, UN/LOCODE:CNSHA, Venice of the Orient, West Bund, Zanhae, Zanhe, Zånhae, 上海, 上海市, 沪, 滬.