249 relations: Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Administrative divisions of China, Ancestor veneration in China, Ancestral shrine, Anti-corruption campaign under Xi Jinping, Astragalus, Bai Yun (politician), Baijiu, Bank, Banners of Inner Mongolia, Battle of Taiyuan, Bauxite, Bing Province, Birth rate, Bodhisattva, Breakfast, Buddhism, Central Plains Mandarin, Changzhi, Changzhi College, Changzhi Medical College, Checked tone, Chen Chuanping, Chengqu, Changzhi, Chengqu, Jincheng, Chengqu, Yangquan, China, Chinese Buddhism, Chinese Civil War, Chinese folk religion, Chinese language, Chinese lineage associations, Chinese opera, Chinese postal romanization, Chinese salvationist religions, Chinese yam, Christianity, City God (East Asia), Coal, Coal in China, Confucianism, Continental climate, Corned beef, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County-level city, Cultural Revolution, Datong, Datong–Yuncheng Expressway, Dazhai, District (China), ..., Drainage basin, Du Shanxue, Eight Banners, Eighth Route Army, Fen River, Feng Lixiang, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Foguang Temple, Former Qin, Former Yan, G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Geography of Taiwan, Global Times, Great Wall of China, Great White Pagoda, Grotto, Guan Yu, Hai River, Han (state), Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hanging Temple, Hebei, Hedong Commandery, Henan, Hequ County, Hohhot, Hong Kong Free Press, Hong Kong Trade Development Council, Huangjiu, Hui people, Hukou Waterfall, Human sex ratio, Hunyuan County, Hutuo River, Inner Mongolia, Interval (music), Jiedushi, Jilu Mandarin, Jin (Chinese state), Jin Chinese, Jin Daoming, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), Jin Yinhuan, Jin–Song Wars, Jincheng, Jinci, Jingjintang Expressway, Jingkang incident, Jinzhong, Jinzhong College, Jurchen people, Khitan people, Later Han (Five Dynasties), Later Jin (Five Dynasties), Later Liang (Five Dynasties), Later Tang, Later Yan, Later Zhao, Later Zhou, Lüliang, Lüliang Mountains, Legume, Li Cunxu, Li Ka-shing, Liao dynasty, Linfen, Ling Jihua, Ling Zhengce, Lishi District, List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan, List of Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Shanxi, Liu Chong, Liu Suiji, Liu Zhiyuan, Lou Yangsheng, Luo Huining, Maize, Manchu people, Mandarin Chinese, Manjushri, Meng Xuenong, Millet, Ming dynasty, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Mongols, Monsoon, Mortality rate, Mount Heng (Shanxi), Mount Hua, Mount Wutai, Mushroom, Muslim, Nanchan Temple, Niangzi Pass, Niangziguan Town, Nie Chunyu, Noodle, North China, North University of China, Northern Han, Northern Song Dynasty, Northern Wei, Pagoda of Fogong Temple, Party Committee Secretary, Peasant, People's Liberation Army, Pingcheng District, Pingding County, Pingyao, Pingyao County, Plateau, Politics of Shanxi, Potato, Prefecture-level city, Proletariat, Provinces of China, Puju, Qin (state), Qin dynasty, Qing dynasty, Qinhuangdao, Refining, Ren Runhou, Sanggan River, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shaanxi, Shanxi (disambiguation), Shanxi Agricultural University, Shanxi cuisine, Shanxi Datong University, Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi merchants, Shanxi Teachers University, Shanxi University, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shatuo, Shen Weichen, Shi Jingtang, Shitai Expressway, Shuocheng District, Shuozhou, Sixteen Kingdoms, Song dynasty, Spring and Autumn period, Subdistrict, Taihang Mountains, Taiwan, Taiyuan, Taiyuan Normal University, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan Wusu International Airport, Tang dynasty, Taoism, Tone sandhi, Towns of the People's Republic of China, Townships of the People's Republic of China, United Nations Development Programme, Vinegar, Wang Maoshe, Wang Rulin, Warring States period, Wei (state), Wenzhou, Wheat, World Heritage site, Wu Zetian, Xi Jinping, Xi'an, Xianbei, Xiechi Lake, Xinfu District, Xinzhou, Xinghualing District, Xinzhou, Xinzhou Teachers University, Xiyang County, Yan Xishan, Yangquan, Yanhu District, Yaodu District, Yellow River, Ying County, Yu Youjun, Yuan Chunqing, Yuan dynasty, Yuci District, Yuncheng, Yuncheng University, Yungang Grottoes, Zhao (state), Zhejiang, Zhou (country subdivision), Zuoquan County, 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 2007 Chinese slave scandal, 2008 Shanxi mudslide. Expand index (199 more) » « Shrink index
Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.
Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.
Chinese ancestor worship, or Chinese ancestor veneration, also called the Chinese patriarchal religion, is an aspect of the Chinese traditional religion which revolves around the ritual celebration of the deified ancestors and tutelary deities of people with the same surname organised into lineage societies in ancestral shrines.
An ancestral shrine, hall or temple, also called lineage temple, is a Chinese temple dedicated to deified ancestors and progenitors of surname lineages or families in the Chinese traditional religion.
A far-reaching campaign against corruption began in China following the conclusion of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
Astragalus is a large genus of about 3,000 species of herbs and small shrubs, belonging to the legume family Fabaceae and the subfamily Faboideae.
Bai Yun (born December 1960) is a Chinese regional politician from Shanxi province.
Baijiu, also known as shaojiu, is a category of at least a dozen Chinese liquors made from grain.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
A banner is an administrative division of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China, corresponding to the county level.
The Japanese offensive called 太原作戦 or the Battle of Taiyuan was a major battle fought between China and Japan named for Taiyuan (the capital of Shanxi province), which lay in the 2nd Military Region.
Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content.
Bingzhou, or Bing Province, was a location in ancient China.
The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. Bodhisattvas are a popular subject in Buddhist art.
Breakfast is the first meal of a day, most often eaten in the early morning before undertaking the day's work.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Central Plains Mandarin, or Zhongyuan Mandarin, is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central and southern parts of Shaanxi, Henan, southwestern part of Shanxi, southern part of Gansu, far southern part of Hebei, northern Anhui, northern parts of Jiangsu, southern Xinjiang and southern Shandong.
Changzhi (Pinyin: Chángzhì) is a prefecture-level city in Shanxi Province, China.
Changzhi University (长治学院) is a college in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
Changzhi Medical College (长治医学院) is a university in Shanxi, People's Republic of China under the authority of the provincial government.
A checked tone, commonly known by its Chinese calque entering tone, is one of four syllable types in the phonology in Middle Chinese.
Chen Chuanping (born February 1962) is a former Chinese politician and businessman.
Chengqu or Cheng District is a district of Changzhi, Shanxi, China.
Chengqu, or Cheng District is a district of Jincheng, Shanxi, China.
Chengqu, or Cheng District is a district of the city of Yangquan, Shanxi province, China.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese lineage associations, also kinship or ancestral associations, are a type of social relationship institutions found in Han Chinese ethnic groups and the fundamental unit of Chinese ancestral religion.
Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.
Chinese salvationist religions or Chinese folk religious sects are a Chinese religious tradition characterised by a concern for salvation (moral fulfillment) of the person and the society.
Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Chenghuangshen, usually translated as City God, is a tutelary deity or deities in Chinese folk religion who is believed to protect the people and the affairs of the particular village, town or city of great dimension, and the corresponding afterlife location.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
China is the largest producer and consumer of coal in the world and is the largest user of coal-derived electricity.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
Corned beef is a salt-cured beef product.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
Datong is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
Dayun Expressway is the largest expressway structure in China's Shanxi province.
Dazhai is a village and former commune of several hundred farmers in Xiyang County in eastern Shanxi province, chiefly known for Mao Zedong's directive, "Learn from Dazhai in agriculture", which set up Dazhai as the model for agricultural production throughout China during the 1960s and 1970s, amid the Cultural Revolution.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
Du Shanxue (born February 1956) is a former Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
The Eight Banners (in Manchu: jakūn gūsa) were administrative/military divisions under the Qing dynasty into which all Manchu households were placed.
The Eighth Route Army, officially known as the '''18th Army Group''' of the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China, was a group army under the command of the Chinese Communist Party, nominally within the structure of the Chinese military headed by the Chinese Nationalist Party during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Fen River drains the center of Shanxi Province, China.
Feng Lixiang (born August 1957) is a Chinese politician from Shanxi province who served as the Communist Party Secretary of Datong from 2008 to 2014.
The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century Imperial China.
Foguang Temple is a Buddhist temple located five kilometres from Doucun, Wutai County, Shanxi Province of China.
The Former Qin (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in eastern Asia, mainly China.
The Former Yan (337-370) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
The Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway, commonly referred to as the Jinggang'ao Expressway is a that connects the Chinese cities of Beijing and Shenzhen, in Guangdong province, at the border with Hong Kong.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is head of the Communist Party of China and the highest-ranking official within the People's Republic of China.
Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.
The Global Times is a daily Chinese tabloid newspaper under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues from China's perspective.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.
The Great White Pagoda, or Sarira Stupa of Tayuan Temple, is a brick stupa located at Mount Wutai of Wutai County, Shanxi province, China.
A grotto (Italian grotta and French grotte) is a natural or artificial cave used by humans in both modern times and antiquity, and historically or prehistorically.
Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
The Hai River (lit."Sea River"), formerly known as the Peiho, Pei He or ("White River"), is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea.
Han (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Warring States period of ancient China, located in modern-day Shanxi and Henan.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
The Hanging Temple, also Hanging Monastery or Xuankong Temple is a temple built into a cliff (above the ground) near Mount Heng in Hunyuan County, Datong City, Shanxi Province, China.
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Hedong Commandery was a historical region in the Qin and Han dynasties of ancient China.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Hequ is a county in the northwest of Shanxi province, China, bordering Shaanxi province to the west and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
Hohhot, abbreviated in Chinese as Hushi, formerly known as Kweisui, is the capital of Inner Mongolia in the north of the People's Republic of China, serving as the region's administrative, economic and cultural center.
Hong Kong Free Press (HKFP) is a free, non-profit online newspaper based in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.
Huangjiu, often translated as yellow wine, is a type of Chinese alcoholic beverage made from water, cereal grains such as rice, sorghum, millet, or wheat, and a jiuqu starter culture.
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
The Hukou Waterfall, is the largest waterfall on the Yellow River, China, the second largest waterfall in China (after the Huangguoshu Waterfall), and the world's largest yellow waterfall.
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
Hunyuan County is a county under the administration of Datong City, in the northeast of Shanxi province, China.
Hutuo River is a major river in northern China and an important member of Hai River system.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
The jiedushi were regional military governors in China during the Tang dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Jilu or Ji–Lu Mandarin, formerly known as Beifang Mandarin "Northern Mandarin", is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the Chinese provinces of Hebei (Jì) and the western part of Shandong (Lǔ).
Jin (Old Chinese: *), originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the centre of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.
Jin is a group of Chinese dialects or languages spoken by roughly 63 million people in northern China.
Jin Daoming (born December 1953) is a former Chinese politician who spent his career in Beijing and Shanxi province.
The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.
Jin Yinhuan (March 1952 – October 2008) was a Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Map showing the Song-Jurchen Jin wars The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279).
Jincheng is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Shanxi province of north China.
The Jinci or Jin Temple (晉祠) is the most prominent temple complex in Shanxi, China.
Jingjintang Expressway(Part of), also known as the Jingtang Expressway, links Beijing via central Tianjin to the Tanggu District in eastern Tianjin.
The Jingkang Incident, also known as the Humiliation of Jingkang and the Disorders of the Jingkang Period took place in 1127 during the Jin–Song Wars when the forces of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty besieged and sacked Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng), the capital of the Han Chinese-led Song dynasty.
Jinzhong, formerly Yuci, is a prefecture-level city with 3,249,425 inhabitants at the 2010 census in east central Shanxi province of the People's Republic of China.
Jinzhong College (晋中学院) is a college in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
The Jurchen (Manchu: Jušen; 女真, Nǚzhēn), also known by many variant names, were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until around 1630, at which point they were reformed and combined with their neighbors as the Manchu.
The Khitan people were a nomadic people from Northeast Asia who, from the 4th century, inhabited an area corresponding to parts of modern Mongolia, Northeast China and the Russian Far East.
The Later Han was founded in 947.
The Later Jìn (936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
The Later Liang (1 June 907 – 19 November 923), also known as Zhu Liang, was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 937 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.
The Later Yan (384-407 or 409) was a Murong–Xianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
The Later Zhao (319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China.
The Later Zhou was the last in a succession of five dynasties that controlled most of northern China during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the gap between the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty.
Lüliang or Lyuliang is a prefecture-level city in the west of Shanxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shaanxi province across the Yellow River to the west, Jinzhong and the provincial capital of Taiyuan to the east, Linfen to the south, and Xinzhou to the north.
The Lüliang Mountains are a mountain range in central China, dividing Shanxi's Fen River valley from the Yellow River.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang, personal name Li Cunxu, nickname Yazi (亞子), was the Prince of Jin (908–923) and later became Emperor of Later Tang (923–926), of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period of Chinese history.
Sir Ka-shing Li, GBM, KBE, JP (born on 29 July 1928 in Chao'an, Chaozhou) is a Hong Kong business magnate, investor, and philanthropist.
The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud), also known as the Liao Empire, officially the Great Liao, or the Khitan (Qidan) State (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur), was an empire in East Asia that ruled from 907 to 1125 over present-day Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East, northern China, and northeastern Korea.
Linfen is a prefecture-level city in southern Shanxi province, People's Republic of China.
Ling Jihua (born 22 October 1956) is a former Chinese politician as one of the principal political advisers of former leader Hu Jintao.
Ling Zhengce (born May 1952) is a former Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Lishi District (Chinese: 离石区; Pinyin: Líshí Qū) is a district of Lüliang, Shanxi, China.
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
This list is of Major Sites Protected for their Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level in the Province of Shanxi, People's Republic of China.
Liu Min (劉旻) (895 – 954), named Liu Chong (劉崇) before 951, also known by his temple name Shizu (世祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's Northern Han state during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Liu Suiji (born December 1956) is a former Chinese politician and police officer from Shanxi Province.
Liu Zhiyuan (劉知遠) (March 4, 895 – March 10, 948), later changed to Liu Gao (劉暠), formally Emperor Gaozu of (Later) Han ((後)漢高祖), was the ethnically-Shatuo founder of the Later Han, the fourth of the Five Dynasties in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of Chinese history. It, if the subsequent Northern Han is not considered part of its history, was also one of the shortest-lived states in Chinese history, lasting only three years.
Lou Yangsheng (born October 1959) is a Chinese politician and current Governor of Shanxi province.
Luo Huining (born October 1954) is a Chinese politician and senior regional official.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Mañjuśrī is a bodhisattva associated with prajñā (insight) in Mahayana Buddhism.
Meng Xuenong (born August 1949) is a Chinese politician.
Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Mount Heng, also known by its Chinese name Hengshan, is a mountain in north-central China's Shanxi Province, known as the northern mountain of the Five Great Mountains of China.
Mount Hua is a mountain located near the city of Huayin in Shaanxi province, about east of Xi'an.
Mount Wutai, also known by its Chinese name Wutaishan and as is a sacred Buddhist site at the headwaters of the Qingshui in Shanxi Province, China.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nanchan Temple is a Buddhist temple located near the town of Doucun on Wutaishan, Shanxi Province, China.
Niangzi Pass, also called the Ladies' Pass, is a mountain pass west of Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei Province in North China.
Niangziguan is a town located in north-east of Pingding County, Shanxi, near the location of the Niangzi Pass and the border with Hebei and situated northeast of the county seat.
Nie Chunyu (born July 1955) is a former Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Noodles are a staple food in many cultures.
North China (literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China, lying North of the Qinling Huaihe Line.
North University of China (NUC) is a university based in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, China.
The Northern Han kingdom was a state of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
The Northern Song Dynasty (2.4.960-3.20.1127) is an era of Song Dynasty.
The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
The Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogong Temple of Ying County, Shanxi province, China, is a wooden Chinese pagoda built in 1056, during the Khitan-led Liao Dynasty.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Pingcheng District, formerly known as Chengqu or Cheng District is a district of Datong, Shanxi, China.
Pingding County is a county in Shanxi Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of the city of Yangquan.
Pingyao, officially Pingyao Ancient City, is a settlement in central Shanxi, China, famed for its importance in Chinese economic history and for its well-preserved Ming and Qing urban planning and architecture.
Pingyao County is a county in Jinzhong Prefecture in central Shanxi Province, China.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
The politics of Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
Puju (蒲剧; also known as Puzhou bangzi, 蒲州梆子) is a variety of Chinese opera from southern Shanxi, China.
Qin (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qinhuangdao (秦皇岛) is a port city on the coast of China in northeastern Hebei province.
Refining (also perhaps called by the mathematical term affining) is the process of purification of a (1) substance or a (2) form.
Ren Runhou (October 1957 – September 30, 2014) was a Chinese business executive and politician from Shanxi Province.
The Sanggan River or Sanggan He is also known in English as the Sanggan or the Sangkan River is a river in China.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
Shanxi (山西) is a province in North China.
Shanxi Agricultural University (山西农业大学) is a university in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
Shanxi cuisine, or Shan cuisine, is derived from the native cooking styles of Shanxi Province in China.
Shanxi Datong University (SDU) is a university in Datong, Shanxi, China.
Shanxi Medical University (山西医科大学) is a university in Shanxi, People's Republic of China under the authority of the provincial government.
Shanxi merchants (Chinese: 晋商 jinshang) were prominent businessmen from the Song to the Qing dynasty for more than 500 years.
Shanxi Normal University was formerly called Shanxi Teachers University (山西师范大学) is a university in Linfen, Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
Shanxi University (SXU) is a public university located in Taiyuan City, Shanxi province, China.
Shanxi University of Finance and Economics (abbr. as SXUFE)), founded in 1951, is one of the earliest financial universities in China. The university sticks to highlighting the academic characteristics and advantages of Economics and Management, focusing on Economics, Management and Laws as the mainstay subjects and developing interdependently Economics, Management, Laws, Literal Arts, Science, Engineering and Teaching.
Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SXTCM), also known as the Shanxi College.
The Shatuo (or, also: Shato, Sha-t'o, Sanskrit Sart Zuev Yu.A., "Horse Tamgas from Vassal Princedoms (Translation of Chinese composition "Tanghuyao" of 8-10th centuries)", Kazakh SSR Academy of Sciences, Alma-Ata, I960, p. 127 (In Russian)) were a Turkic tribe that heavily influenced northern Chinese politics from the late ninth century through the tenth century.
Shen Weichen (born May 12, 1956) is a former Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Shi Jingtang (石敬瑭) (30 March 892 – 28 July 942Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 283.), also known by his temple name Gaozu (高祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Jin during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 936 until his death.
The Shitai Expressway links Shijiazhuang, capital of China's Hebei province, to Taiyuan in the west, capital of Shanxi province.
Shuocheng District, formerly Shuo County, is the main urban district of the prefecture-level city of Shuozhou in Shanxi province, China.
Shuozhou is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
The Sixteen Kingdoms, less commonly the Sixteen States, was a chaotic period in Chinese history from 304 CE to 439 CE when the political order of northern China fractured into a series of short-lived sovereign states, most of which were founded by the "Five Barbarians" who had settled in northern China during the preceding centuries and participated in the overthrow of the Western Jin dynasty in the early 4th century.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.
Subdistrict is a low-level administrative division of a district.
The Taihang Mountains are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Taiyuan (also known as Bīng (并), Jìnyáng (晋阳)) is the capital and largest city of Shanxi province in North China.
Taiyuan Normal University is a university in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
Taiyuan University of Science and Technology is a university in Shanxi, People's Republic of China under the authority of the provincial government.
Taiyuan University of Technology (abbreviation: TYUT or TUT) is a university in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, China, under the authority of the provincial government.
Taiyuan Wuxu International Airport is an airport serving Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province, China.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Tone sandhi is a phonological change occurring in tonal languages, in which the tones assigned to individual words or morphemes change based on the pronunciation of adjacent words or morphemes.
When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).
Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Wang Maoshe (born August 1957) is a former Chinese politician who served as the Communist Party Secretary of Yuncheng, a city in Shanxi province, between 2013 and 2014, and prior to that, party chief of Shuozhou.
Wang Rulin (born April 1953) is a Chinese politician and senior regional official.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
Wei (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Warring States period.
Wenzhou (pronounced; Wenzhounese) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Zhejiang province in the People's Republic of China.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Wu Zetian (624 December16, 705),Paludan, 100 alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, also referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort and empress dowager and later, officially as empress regnant (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 684–705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).
Xi Jinping (born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician currently serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
The Xianbei were proto-Mongols residing in what became today's eastern Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, and Northeast China.
Xiechi Lake is the largest natural lake in Shanxi in Northern China.
Xinfu is the only district and the seat of the city of Xinzhou, Shanxi province, China.
Xinghualing District is a core district of Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province, China.
Xinzhou is a prefecture-level city occupying the north-central section of Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
Xinzhou Teachers University (Xīnzhōu shīfàn xuéyuàn) is a university in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
Xiyang County is a county of Shanxi, China.
Yan Xishan; 8 October 1883 – 22 July 1960) was a Chinese warlord who served in the government of the Republic of China. He effectively controlled the province of Shanxi from the 1911 Xinhai Revolution to the 1949 Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. As the leader of a relatively small, poor, remote province, he survived the machinations of Yuan Shikai, the Warlord Era, the Nationalist Era, the Japanese invasion of China and the subsequent civil war, being forced from office only when the Nationalist armies with which he was aligned had completely lost control of the Chinese mainland, isolating Shanxi from any source of economic or military supply. He has been viewed by Western biographers as a transitional figure who advocated using Western technology to protect Chinese traditions, while at the same time reforming older political, social and economic conditions in a way that paved the way for the radical changes that would occur after his rule.Gillin The Journal of Asian Studies 289.
Yangquan is a prefecture-level city in the east of Shanxi province, People's Republic of China.
Yanhu District is the main district of the city of Yuncheng, Shanxi province, China.
Yaodu District (is the only district of the city of Linfen, Shanxi province, China.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.
Ying County or Yingxian is a county of Shanxi, China.
Yu Youjun (born January 1953) is a retired Chinese politician.
Yuan Chunqing (born March 1952) is a retired Chinese politician.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yuci District is a district in Jinzhong, Shanxi, China.
Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China.
Yuncheng University (运城学院) is a university in Shanxi, China under the authority of the provincial government.
The Yungang Grottoes, formerly the Wuzhoushan Grottoes, are ancient Chinese Buddhist temple grottoes near the city of Datong in the province of Shanxi.
Zhao was one of the seven major states during the Warring States period of ancient China.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zhou were historical political divisions of China.
Zuoquan County is a county of Shanxi, China.
The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China began on November 8, 2012 in Beijing, China, at the Great Hall of the People.
The 2007 Chinese slave scandal was a series of forced labour cases in Shanxi, China.
The 2008 Shanxi mudslide was caused by the collapse of an unlicensed mine landfill in Xiangfen county, Linfen, Shanxi Province, People's Republic of China which caused 277 dead, 4 missing and 33 injured.
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