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Shell (projectile)

Index Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot. [1]

183 relations: Accuracy and precision, Afrikaners, Aircraft, Alexander John Forsyth, Aluminium, Amatol, Ammunition, Anti-personnel weapon, Anti-tank warfare, APCBC, Armor-piercing shell, Armour-piercing discarding sabot, Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot, Armoured fighting vehicle, Armstrong Gun, Artillery, Artillery fuze, Asphalt, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Austrian Empire, Base bleed, Battle of the Somme, BL 60-pounder gun, Bomb, Bombshell (sex symbol), Brass, Breda-SAFAT machine gun, Breech-loading weapon, Bronze, Bullet, Caliber, Caliber (artillery), Carcass (projectile), Cartridge (firearms), Cast iron, Chemical warfare, Chemical weapon, Chemical Weapons Convention, China, Christian Friedrich Schönbein, Christmas pudding, Cluster munition, Combat vehicle, Composition B, Copper, Cordite, Corsica, Crimean War, Cupronickel, ..., Cylinder, Detonation, Detonator, Diameter, Diethyl ether, Diphenylamine, Direct fire, Drilling and blasting, Dunnite, Ecrasite, Elswick Ordnance Company, Eugène Turpin, Explosive material, Faversham explosives industry, FH70, Fire-and-forget, Floruit, Frederick Abel, Fuze, Gas check, Gauge (firearms), George Washington Cullum, Germany, Gilding metal, Glass, Grenade, Gunpowder, Gurney equations, Heated shot, Helmet, High-explosive anti-tank warhead, High-explosive squash head, Howitzer, Huolongjing, Industrial Revolution, Infantry, Infrared, Ingolstadt, Interrupted screw, Ironclad warship, James Dewar, Jiao Yu, Joseph Whitworth, Krupp, Land mine, Lead, Liu Bowen, Logistics, Louis XIV of France, Lydd, M712 Copperhead, M982 Excalibur, Martin von Wahrendorff, Mercury(II) fulminate, Metallurgy, MG 131 machine gun, Ming dynasty, Minié ball, Missile, Mortar (weapon), Muzzle velocity, Napoleonic Wars, Naval artillery, Nicolas Édouard Delabarre-Duparcq, Nitrocellulose, Obturation, Ogive, Oleum, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Organic compound, Ottawa Treaty, Palliser shot and shell, Panzergranate 39, Parachute, Patent, Paul Marie Eugène Vieille, Phosphorus, Picric acid, Poudre B, Pound (mass), Precision engineering, Projectile, Proof test, Propaganda, Propellant, Proximity fuze, Pumice, Pyrotechnics, Railway gun, RDX, Rectangle, Republic of Venice, Rifled breech loader, Rifling, RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun, Rocket, Rocket-assisted projectile, Round shot, Royal Arsenal, Sabot, Schwerer Gustav, Shell (projectile), Shimose powder, Shrapnel shell, Siege of Ladysmith, SMArt 155, Smoke screen, Starshell, Steel, Stowmarket, Supergun, Swaging, Swiss people, Tank, Tank gun, The Star-Spangled Banner, TNT, Toluene, Tracer ammunition, Trajectory, Treatise on Ammunition, Unexploded ordnance, Union Jack, Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills, War Office, Warship, Wiard rifle, Wilhelm Lenk von Wolfsberg, William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong, Woolwich, World War I, World War II, 16"/50 caliber Mark 7 gun. Expand index (133 more) »

Accuracy and precision

Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability.

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Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

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Alexander John Forsyth

Alexander John Forsyth (28 December 1769 – 11 June 1843) was a Scottish Presbyterian clergyman who invented the percussion ignition.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Amatol is a highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate.

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Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.

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Anti-personnel weapon

An anti-personnel weapon is a weapon primarily used to maim or kill infantry and other personnel not behind armor, as opposed to attacking structures or vehicles, or hunting game.

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Anti-tank warfare

Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.

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The armour-piercing capped ballistic cap (APCBC) is a type of armor-piercing shell introduced in the 1930s.

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Armor-piercing shell

An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.

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Armour-piercing discarding sabot

Armour-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) is a type of kinetic energy projectile fired from a rifled-barrel gun to attack armoured targets.

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Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot

Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) is a type of kinetic energy penetrator ammunition used to attack modern vehicle armour.

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Armoured fighting vehicle

An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.

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Armstrong Gun

An Armstrong Gun was a uniquely designed type of rifled breech-loading field and heavy gun designed by Sir William Armstrong and manufactured in England beginning in 1855 by the Elswick Ordnance Company and the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich.

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Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

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Artillery fuze

An artillery fuze or fuse is the type of munition fuze used with artillery munitions, typically projectiles fired by guns (field, anti-aircraft, coast and naval), howitzers and mortars.

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Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Base bleed

Base bleed is a system used on some artillery shells to increase their range, typically by about 30%.

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Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.

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BL 60-pounder gun

The Ordnance BL 60-pounder was a British 5 inch (127 mm) heavy field gun designed in 1903–05 to provide a new capability that had been partially met by the interim QF 4.7 inch Gun.

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A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.

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Bombshell (sex symbol)

The term bombshell is a forerunner to the term "sex symbol" and originally used to describe popular female sex icons.

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Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.

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Breda-SAFAT machine gun

Breda-SAFAT, (Società Italiana Ernesto Breda per Costruzioni Meccaniche / Breda Meccanica Bresciana - Società Anonima Fabbrica Armi Torino) was an Italian weapons manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s that designed and produced a range of machine-guns and cannon primarily for use in aircraft.

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Breech-loading weapon

A breech-loading gun is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.

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Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.

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A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.

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In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.

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Caliber (artillery)

In artillery, caliber or calibredifference in British English and American English spelling is the internal diameter of a gun barrel, or by extension a relative measure of the length.

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Carcass (projectile)

A carcass was an early form of incendiary bomb or shell, intended to set targets on fire.

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Cartridge (firearms)

A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Chemical warfare

Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.

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Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.

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Chemical Weapons Convention

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an arms control treaty that outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Christian Friedrich Schönbein

Prof Christian Friedrich Schönbein HFRSE(18 October 1799 – 29 August 1868) was a German-Swiss chemist who is best known for inventing the fuel cell (1838) at the same time as William Robert Grove and his discoveries of guncotton and ozone.

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Christmas pudding

Christmas pudding is a type of pudding traditionally served as part of the Christmas dinner in the UK, Ireland and in other countries where it has been brought by British emigrants.

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Cluster munition

A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions.

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Combat vehicle

A combat vehicle, also known as a ground combat vehicle, is a self-propelled, weaponized military vehicle used for combat operations in mechanized warfare.

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Composition B

Composition B, colloquially "Comp B", is an explosive consisting of castable mixtures of RDX and TNT.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.

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Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.

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A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.

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Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.

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A detonator, frequently a blasting cap, is a device used to trigger an explosive device.

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In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints lie on the circle.

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Diethyl ether

Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).

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Diphenylamine is an organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2NH.

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Direct fire

Direct fire refers to the launching of a projectile directly at a target within the line-of-sight of the firer.

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Drilling and blasting

Drilling and blasting is the controlled use of explosives and other methods such as gas pressure blasting pyrotechnics, to break rock for excavation.

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Dunnite, also known as Explosive D or systematically as ammonium picrate, is an explosive developed in 1906 by US Army Major Beverly W. Dunn, who later served as the chief inspector of the Bureau of Transportation Explosives.

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Ecrasite is an explosive material which is unaffected by moisture, shock or fire.

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Elswick Ordnance Company

The Elswick Ordnance Company (sometimes referred to as Elswick Ordnance Works, but usually as "EOC") was a British armaments manufacturing company of the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Eugène Turpin

François Eugène Turpin (30 September 1848 – 24 January 1927) was a French chemist involved in research of explosive materials.

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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Faversham explosives industry

The Faversham explosives industry: Faversham, in Kent, England, has claims to be the cradle of the UK's explosives industry: it was also to become one of its main centres.

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The FH70 (field howitzer for the 1970s) is a towed howitzer in use with several nations.

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Fire-and-forget is a type of missile guidance which does not require further guidance after launch such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, and can hit its target without the launcher being in line-of-sight of the target.

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Floruit, abbreviated fl. (or occasionally, flor.), Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active.

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Frederick Abel

Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, 1st Baronet GCVO, KCB, FRS (17 July 18276 September 1902) was an English chemist.

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In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.

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Gas check

A gas check is a gasket type component of firearms ammunition.

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Gauge (firearms)

The gauge of a firearm is a unit of measurement used to express the inner diameter (bore diameter) of the barrel.

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George Washington Cullum

George Washington Cullum (25 February 1809 – 28 February 1892) was an American soldier, engineer and writer.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gilding metal

Gilding metal is a copper alloy, a brass, comprising 95% copper and 5% zinc.

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Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.

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A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.

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Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.

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Gurney equations

The Gurney equations are a set of mathematical formulas used in explosives engineering to relate how fast an explosive will accelerate a surrounding layer of metal or other material when the explosive detonates.

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Heated shot

Heated shot or hot shot is round shot that is heated before firing from muzzle-loading cannons, for the purpose of setting fire to enemy warships, buildings, or equipment.

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A helmet is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head from injuries.

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High-explosive anti-tank warhead

A high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate thick tank armor.

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High-explosive squash head

High-explosive squash head (HESH) is a type of explosive ammunition that is effective against tank armour and is also useful against buildings.

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A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles over relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.

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The Huolongjing (Wade-Giles: Huo Lung Ching; rendered in English as Fire Drake Manual or Fire Dragon Manual), also known as Huoqitu (“Firearm Illustrations”), is a 14th-century military treatise compiled and edited by Jiao Yu and Liu Bowen of the early Ming dynasty (1368–1683).

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Interrupted screw

An interrupted screw or interrupted thread is a mechanical device typically used in the breech of artillery guns.

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Ironclad warship

An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.

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James Dewar

Sir James Dewar FRS FRSE (20 September 1842 – 27 March 1923) was a Scottish chemist and physicist.

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Jiao Yu

Jiao Yu was a Chinese military officer, philosopher, and writer of the Ming dynasty under Zhu Yuanzhang, who founded the dynasty and became known as the Hongwu Emperor.

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Joseph Whitworth

Sir Joseph Whitworth, 1st Baronet (21 December 1803 – 22 January 1887) was an English engineer, entrepreneur, inventor and philanthropist.

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The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.

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Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

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Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

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Liu Bowen

Liu Ji (July 1, 1311 — May 16, 1375),Jiang, Yonglin.

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Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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Lydd is a town and electoral ward in Kent, England, lying on the Romney Marsh.

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M712 Copperhead

The M712 Copperhead is a 155 mm caliber cannon-launched guided projectile (CLGP).

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M982 Excalibur

The M982 Excalibur (previously XM982) is a 155 mm extended range guided artillery shell developed during a collaborative effort between the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the Armaments Research and Development Center (ARDEC).

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Martin von Wahrendorff

Martin von Wahrendorff (1789–1861) was a Swedish diplomat and inventor.

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Mercury(II) fulminate

Mercury(II) fulminate, or Hg(CNO)2, is a primary explosive.

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Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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MG 131 machine gun

The MG 131 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 131, or "Machine gun 131") was a German 13 mm caliber machine gun developed in 1938 by Rheinmetall-Borsig and produced from 1940 to 1945.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Minié ball

The Minié ball, or Minni ball, is a type of muzzle-loading spin-stabilized rifle bullet named after its co-developer, Claude-Étienne Minié, inventor of the Minié rifle.

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In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).

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Mortar (weapon)

A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.

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Muzzle velocity

Muzzle velocity is the speed of a projectile at the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Naval artillery

Naval artillery is artillery mounted on a warship, originally used only for naval warfare, later also for naval gunfire support against targets on land, and for anti-aircraft use.

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Nicolas Édouard Delabarre-Duparcq

Nicolas Édouard Delabarre-Duparcq (1819–1893) was a French military critic and historian, born at Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise.

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Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.

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In the field of firearms and airguns, obturation denotes necessary barrel blockage or fit by a deformed soft projectile (obturation in general is closing up an opening).

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An ogive is the roundly tapered end of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object.

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Oleum (Latin oleum, meaning oil), or fuming sulfuric acid, is a solution of various compositions of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid, or sometimes more specifically to disulfuric acid (also known as pyrosulfuric acid).

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Ordnance QF 25-pounder

The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Ottawa Treaty

The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, known informally as the Ottawa Treaty, the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, or often simply the Mine Ban Treaty, aims at eliminating anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines) around the world.

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Palliser shot and shell

Palliser shot was invented by Sir William Palliser and hence its name.

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Panzergranate 39

Panzergranate 39 or Pzgr.

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A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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Paul Marie Eugène Vieille

Paul Marie Eugène Vieille (2 September 1854 – 14 January 1934), a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique, was a French chemist and the inventor of modern nitrocellulose-based smokeless gunpowder in 1884.

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Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

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Picric acid

Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O2N)3C6H2OH.

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Poudre B

Poudre B was the first practical smokeless gunpowder.

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Pound (mass)

The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.

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Precision engineering

Precision engineering is a subdiscipline of electrical engineering, software engineering, electronics engineering, mechanical engineering, and optical engineering concerned with designing machines, fixtures, and other structures that have exceptionally high tolerances, are repeatable, and are stable over time.

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A projectile is any object thrown into space (empty or not) by the exertion of a force.

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Proof test

A proof test is a form of stress test to demonstrate the fitness of a load-bearing structure.

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Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.

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A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.

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Proximity fuze

A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.

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Pumice, called pumicite in its powdered or dust form, is a volcanic rock that consists of highly vesicular rough textured volcanic glass, which may or may not contain crystals.

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Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.

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Railway gun

A railway gun, also called a railroad gun, is a large artillery piece, often surplus naval artillery, mounted on, transported by, and fired from a specially designed railway wagon.

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RDX is the organic compound with the formula (O2NNCH2)3.

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In Euclidean plane geometry, a rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles.

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Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.

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Rifled breech loader

A rifled breech loader (RBL) is an artillery piece which, unlike the smooth-bore cannon and rifled muzzle loader (RML) which preceded it, has rifling in the barrel and is loaded from the breech at the rear of the gun.

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In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.

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RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun

The Ordnance RML 2.5 inch mountain gun was a British rifled muzzle-loading mountain gun of the late 19th century designed to be broken down into four loads for carrying by man or mule.

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A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

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Rocket-assisted projectile

A Rocket assisted projectile (RAP) is an artillery, cannon or recoilless rifle round incorporating a rocket motor for independent propulsion.

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Round shot

A round shot (or solid shot, or a cannonball, or simply ball) is a solid projectile without explosive charge, fired from a cannon.

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Royal Arsenal

The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.

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A sabot is a structural device used in firearm or cannon ammunition to keep a sub-caliber flight projectile, such as a relatively small bullet or arrow-type projectile, in the center of the barrel when fired, if the bullet has a significantly smaller diameter than the bore diameter of the weapon used.

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Schwerer Gustav

Schwerer Gustav (English: Heavy Gustaf) was a German 80 cm (31.5 in.) railway gun.

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Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.

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Shimose powder

was a type of explosive shell filling developed by the Japanese naval engineer Shimose Masachika (1860–1911).

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Shrapnel shell

Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.

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Siege of Ladysmith

The Siege of Ladysmith was a protracted engagement in the Second Boer War, taking place between 2 November 1899 and 28 February 1900 at Ladysmith, Natal.

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SMArt 155

SMArt 155 is a German 155 mm artillery round, designed for a long range, indirect fire top attack role against armoured vehicles.

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Smoke screen

A smoke screen is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft or ships.

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LaNeah Menzies (born May 27, 1988), better known by her stage name Starshell, is an American actress, songwriter, social entrepreneur and recording artist.

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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Stowmarket is a small market town in Suffolk, England,OS Explorer map 211: Bury St.Edmunds and Stowmarket Scale: 1:25 000.

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A supergun is an extraordinarily large artillery piece.

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Swaging is a forging process in which the dimensions of an item are altered using dies into which the item is forced.

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Swiss people

The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland, or people of Swiss ancestry. The number of Swiss nationals has grown from 1.7 million in 1815 to 7 million in 2016. More than 1.5 million Swiss citizens hold multiple citizenship. About 11% of citizens live abroad (0.8 million, of whom 0.6 million hold multiple citizenship). About 60% of those living abroad reside in the European Union (0.46 million). The largest groups of Swiss descendants and nationals outside Europe are found in the United States and Canada. Although the modern state of Switzerland originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not usually considered to form a single ethnic group, but a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term. The demonym Swiss (formerly in English also Switzer) and the name of Switzerland, ultimately derive from the toponym Schwyz, have been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.

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A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.

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Tank gun

A tank gun is the main armament of a tank.

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The Star-Spangled Banner

"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States.

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Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.

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Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

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Tracer ammunition

Tracer ammunition (tracers) are bullets or cannon caliber projectiles that are built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base.

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A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.

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Treatise on Ammunition

Treatise on Ammunition, from 1926 retitled Text Book of Ammunition, is a series of manuals detailing all British Empire military and naval service ammunition and associated equipment in use at the date of publication.

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Unexploded ordnance

Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), or explosive remnants of war (ERW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, etc.) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.

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Union Jack

The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

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Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills

The Royal Gunpowder Mills, Waltham Abbey, an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage, (ERIH), set in of parkland and containing 21 buildings of major historical importance, mixes history, science, and attractive surroundings.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

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Wiard rifle

The Wiard rifle is a semi-steel light artillery piece invented by Norman Wiard.

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Wilhelm Lenk von Wolfsberg

Nikolaus Wilhelm Freiherr Lenk von Wolfsberg (born March 17, 1809, Budweis, Austria; died October 18, 1894, Troppau, Austria) was an Austrian officer (Feldzeugmeister), owner of the Corps Artillery Regiment No.

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William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong

William George Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong (26 November 1810 – 27 December 1900) was an English industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing concern on Tyneside.

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Woolwich is a district of south-east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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16"/50 caliber Mark 7 gun

The 16"/50 caliber Mark 7 – United States Naval Gun was the main armament of the s.

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Redirects here:

APSV, Aerial shell, Armor Piercing Composite Rigid, Armour Piercing Capped, Armour piercing capped, Armour piercing high explosive, Armour-Piercing, Composite Non-Rigid, Armour-Piercing, Composite Rigid, Armour-piercing, composite rigid, Armour-piercing, composite, rigid, Artillery ammunition, Artillery shell, Artillery shells, Ballistic-capped, Cannon shell, Discarding-Sabot Shell, Explosive shell, Gerlich principle, HE-Frag, HE-frag, High Explosive Fragmentation, High Velocity Armor Piercing, High Velocity Armour Piercing, High explosive fragmentation, High explosive shell, High-explosive fragmentation, High-explosive shell, Proto-shell, Proto-shells, Shell (weapon), Shell gun, Smoke shell, Squeeze bore, Star shell.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shell_(projectile)

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