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Sher Shah Suri

Index Sher Shah Suri

Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486–22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted administrator as well as a capable general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. During his seven-year rule from 1538 to 1545, he set up a new civic and military administration, issued the first Rupiya from "Taka" and re-organised the postal system of India. He further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. [1]

95 relations: Abbas Sarwani, Abdul Ghafoor Breshna, Akbar, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Ataga Khan, Babur, Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, Bahlul Lodi, Bangladeshi taka, Battle of Chausa, Bengal, Bhera, Bihar, Chanderi, Chittagong, Coin, Columbia Encyclopedia, Counsel, Courtier, Delhi Sultanate, Edward Thomas (antiquarian), Encyclopædia Britannica, Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, Ghurid dynasty, Gold coin, Grand Trunk Road, Haibat Khan Niazi, History of Bangladesh, History of Bengal, History of India, Humayun, India, Indian subcontinent, Indonesia, Isa Khan Niazi, Islam, Islam Shah Suri, Islamic eschatology, Jahangir, Jaunpur Sultanate, Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, Kabul, Kalinjar Fort, Kannauj, Karachi, Khawas Khan Marwat, Kiamari Town, List of rulers of Bengal, Maldev Rathore, Maldives, ..., Malwa Sultanate, Marwar, Mauritius, Mirza Aziz Koka, Mohur, Mughal Empire, Narnaul, Nepal, Nimat Allah al-Harawi, Nizamuddin Ahmad, Olaf Caroe, Packard Humanities Institute, Padishah, Pakistan, Pashtuns, Pataliputra capital, Pathans in Bihar, Patna, Private (rank), Purana Qila, Raisen, Rajput, Reserve Bank of India, Rohtas district, Rohtas Fort, Rohtas Fort, India, Rupee, Sarangpur, Madhya Pradesh, Sasaram, Seychelles, Sher Shah (Karachi), Sher Shah Bridge, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, Shere Khan, Silhadi, Sri Lanka, Sur (Pashtun tribe), Sur Empire, Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi, Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, Ujjainiya, Ulama, Wah Cantonment, World Heritage site, `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni. Expand index (45 more) »

Abbas Sarwani

Abbas Sarwani was a historian during the Mughal period in India.

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Abdul Ghafoor Breshna

Abdul Ghafoor Breshna (عبدالغفود برېښنا; born 10 April 1907 in Kabul) was an Afghan painter, music composer, poet and film director.

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Akbar

Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I, was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.

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Asiatic Society of Bangladesh

The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.

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Ataga Khan

Shamsuddin Muhammad Atgah Khan (Ataga Khan) (died 15 May 1562), also known as Khan-e-Kalan Shamsu'd-Din Muhammad Khan Atgah Khan, held important positions in the court, including that of wakil (advisor or minister) to which he was appointed in November 1561, much to displeasure of Maham Anga, whose son Adham Khan, eventually murdered him in 1562.

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Babur

Babur (بابر|lit.

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Bahadur Shah of Gujarat

Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to 1535 and again from 1536 to 1537.

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Bahlul Lodi

Bahlul Khan Lodi (died 12 July 1489) was the chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe and founder of Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate upon the abdication of the last claimant from the previous Sayyid rule.

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Bangladeshi taka

The Bangladeshi taka (টাকা, sign: ৳ or Tk, code: BDT) is the currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

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Battle of Chausa

The Battle of Chausa was a notable military engagement between the Mughal emperor, Humayun, and the Afghan, Sher Shah Suri.

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Bengal

Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.

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Bhera

Bhera (بھیرہ, Punjabi: بهيره) is a city and tehsil of Sargodha District, Punjab province of Pakistan.

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Bihar

Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.

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Chanderi

Chanderi (Hindustani: चंदेरी (Naagari), (Nastaleeq)) is a town of historical importance in Ashoknagar District of the state Madhya Pradesh in India.

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Chittagong

Chittagong, officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.

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Coin

A coin is a small, flat, (usually) round piece of metal or plastic used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender.

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Columbia Encyclopedia

The Columbia Encyclopedia is a one-volume encyclopedia produced by Columbia University Press and in the last edition, sold by the Gale Group.

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Counsel

A counsel or a counsellor at law is a person who gives advice and deals with various issues, particularly in legal matters.

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Courtier

A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.

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Delhi Sultanate

The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).

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Edward Thomas (antiquarian)

Edward Thomas (31 December 1813 – 10 February 1886) was an English civil servant of the East India Company, known for his writings on Indian antiquities.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah

Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (reigned: 1533–1538) was the last Sultan of the Hussain Shahi dynasty of Bengal.

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Ghurid dynasty

The Ghurids or Ghorids (سلسله غوریان; self-designation: شنسبانی, Shansabānī) were a dynasty of Eastern Iranian descent from the Ghor region of present-day central Afghanistan, presumably Tajik, but the exact ethnic origin is uncertain, and it has been argued that they were Pashtun.

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Gold coin

A gold coin is a coin that is made mostly or entirely of gold.

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Grand Trunk Road

The Grand Trunk Road is one of Asia's oldest and longest major roads.

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Haibat Khan Niazi

Haibat Khan Niazi was a Pashtun noble and military leader.

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History of Bangladesh

Modern Bangladesh emerged as an independent nation in 1971 after breaking away and achieving independence from Pakistan in the Bangladesh Liberation War.

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History of Bengal

The history of Bengal includes modern-day Bangladesh and West Bengal in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and dominated by the fertile Ganges delta.

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History of India

The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.

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Humayun

Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad (نصیرالدین محمد|translit.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Isa Khan Niazi

Isa Khan Niazi (عیسی خان نيازي) was a Pashtun noble in the courts of Sher Shah Suri and his son Islam Shah Suri, of the Sur dynasty, who fought the Mughal Empire.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam Shah Suri

Islam Shah Suri (reigned: 1545–1554) was the second ruler of the Suri dynasty which ruled part of India in the mid-16th century.

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Islamic eschatology

Islamic eschatology is the branch of Islamic theology concerning the end of the world, and the "Day of resurrection" after that, known as Yawm al-Qiyāmah (يوم القيامة,, "the Day of Resurrection") or Yawm ad-Dīn (يوم الدين,, "the Day of Judgment").

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Jahangir

Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim مرزا نور الدین محمد خان سلیم, known by his imperial name (جہانگیر) Jahangir (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627), was the fourth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627.

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Jaunpur Sultanate

The Jaunpur sultanate was an independent kingdom of northern India between 1394 and 1479, whose rulers ruled from Jaunpur or Jounpoor in the present day state of Uttar Pradesh.

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Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh

Jaunpur (is a town and a municipal board in Jaunpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located 228 km southeast of state capital Lucknow. Jaunpur is located to the northwest of the district of Varanasi in the eastern part of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Demographically, Jaunpur resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located. A greenfield international airport is being constructed in Mariahu tehsil of Jaunpur to ease out the traffic at Babatpur Airport in Varanasi.

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Kabul

Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.

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Kalinjar Fort

Kalinjar (कालिंजर) is a fortress-city in the Bundelkhand region of central India.

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Kannauj

Kannauj also spelt Kanauj, is a city, administrative headquarters and a municipal board or Nagar Palika Parishad in Kannauj district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

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Karachi

Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.

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Khawas Khan Marwat

Khawas Khan Marwat was one of the best generals of Sher Shah Suri, having played a major role in defeating the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1539 at the Battle of Chausa.

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Kiamari Town

Kiamari Town or Kemari Town (also spelt Keamari and Kemari) (ڪياماڙي ٽائون., کیماڑی ٹاؤن.) is the main coastal town of Karachi on Hawke's Bay, comprising the western parts of the city, including the Port of Karachi with an extensive coastline of sandy beaches, small islands and Mangrove forests.

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List of rulers of Bengal

This is a list of rulers of Bengal.

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Maldev Rathore

Maldev Rathore (5 December 1511 – 7 November 1562) was an Indian ruler of Marwar, which was later known as Jodhpur (in the present day Rajasthan state of India).

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Maldives

The Maldives (or; ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ Dhivehi Raa'jey), officially the Republic of Maldives, is a South Asian sovereign state, located in the Indian Ocean, situated in the Arabian Sea.

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Malwa Sultanate

The Malwa Sultanate was a late medieval kingdom presumably of Turkic origin, in the Malwa region of the present day Madhya Pradesh state in India in 1392–1562.

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Marwar

Marwar (also called Jodhpur region) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in North Western India.

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Mauritius

Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.

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Mirza Aziz Koka

Mirzā Azīz Koka (Khan-i-Azam) (ca. 1542 - 1624) also known as Kotaltash, foster brother of Akbar, who remained one of the leading nobles at the courts of the Mughal emperors Akbar and Jahangir.

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Mohur

A mohur is a gold coin that was formerly minted by several governments, including British India and some of the princely states which existed alongside it, the Mughal Empire, Kingdom of Nepal, and Afghanistan.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.

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Narnaul

Narnaul is a City, a municipal Corporation, location of headquarters of the Mahendragarh district in the Indian state of Haryana.

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Nepal

Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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Nimat Allah al-Harawi

Ni'mat Allah al-Harawi (also known as Niamatullah) was a chronicler at the court of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir where he compiled a Persian history of the Afghans, the Makhzan-i-Afghani.

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Nizamuddin Ahmad

Khwaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad (also spelled as Nizam ad-Din Ahmad and Nizam al-Din Ahmad) (born 1551, died 1621/1030 AH) was a Muslim historian of late medieval India.

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Olaf Caroe

Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Kruuse Caroe (15 November 1892 – 23 November 1981) was an administrator in British India, working for the Indian Civil Service and the Indian Political Service.

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Packard Humanities Institute

The Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) is a non-profit foundation, established in 1987, and located in Los Altos, California, which funds projects in a wide range of conservation concerns in the fields of archaeology, music, film preservation, and historic conservation, plus Greek epigraphy, with an aim to create tools for basic research in the Humanities.

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Padishah

Padishah, sometimes rendered as Padeshah or Padshah (پادشاه, padişah) is a superlative sovereign title of Persian origin, composed of the Persian pād "master" and the widespread shāh "king", which was adopted by several monarchs claiming the highest rank, roughly equivalent to the ancient Persian notion of "The Great" or "Great King", and later adopted by post-Achaemenid and Christian Emperors.

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Pakistan

Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Pashtuns

The Pashtuns (or; پښتانه Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

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Pataliputra capital

The Pataliputra capital is a monumental rectangular capital with volutes and Classical Greek designs, that was discovered in the palace ruins of the ancient Mauryan Empire capital city of Pataliputra (modern Patna, northeastern India).

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Pathans in Bihar

The Pathans of Bihar in India are said to have settled in the region from the 13th century CE onwards.

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Patna

Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.

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Private (rank)

A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).

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Purana Qila

Purana Qila (Old Fort) is one of the oldest forts in Delhi.

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Raisen

Raisen is a town and a municipality in Raisen district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

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Rajput

Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, "son of a king") is a large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent.

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Reserve Bank of India

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.

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Rohtas district

Rohtas district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.

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Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, قلعہ روہتاس; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown.

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Rohtas Fort, India

The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.

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Rupee

The rupee is the common name for the currencies of India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Bhutan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and formerly those of Afghanistan, Tibet, Burma and British East Africa, German East Africa and Trucial States.

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Sarangpur, Madhya Pradesh

Sarangpur is a city and a municipality in Rajgarh district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

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Sasaram

Sasaram sometimes also spelled as Sahasram, is an ancient city of India has witnessed the legacy of Sahastrabahu, Shershah Suri, and Jagjivan Ram Babu.

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Seychelles

Seychelles (French), officially the Republic of Seychelles (République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelago and sovereign state in the Indian Ocean.

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Sher Shah (Karachi)

SherShah is one of the neighbourhoods of Kiamari Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

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Sher Shah Bridge

Sher Shah Bridge is a flyover in Karachi, Pakistan.

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Sher Shah Suri Masjid

Sher Shah Suri Masjid, mosque, Patna,also known as Shershahi, is an example of the Afghan style of architecture.

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Shere Khan

Shere Khan (शेर खान; شیر خان) is a fictional Bengal tiger and the main antagonist of Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book and its adaptations.

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Silhadi

Raja Shiladitya, also called Silhadi (died 1532), was a Rajput chieftain of northeast Malwa in the early decades of 16th century India.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Sur (Pashtun tribe)

Sur (سور, literally the color "red"), also known as Suri, Zur and Zuri (زوري), are a historical Pashtun tribe living primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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Sur Empire

The Sur Empire was an empire established by a Muslim dynasty of Pashtun origin who ruled a large territory in northern part of the Indian subcontinent for nearly 16 years, between 1540 and 1556, with Delhi serving as its capital.

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Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi

The Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (تاریخ شير شاہ سوری) (history of Sher Shah) dating 1580 CE, is a historical work compiled by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under Mughal Emperor Akbar, detailing the rule of Sher Shah Suri.

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Tomb of Sher Shah Suri

The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India.

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Ujjainiya

The Ujjainiya (also spelled Ujjain and Ujjaini) are a Rajput clan that inhabits the state of Bihar.

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Ulama

The Arabic term ulama (علماء., singular عالِم, "scholar", literally "the learned ones", also spelled ulema; feminine: alimah and uluma), according to the Encyclopedia of Islam (2000), in its original meaning "denotes scholars of almost all disciplines".

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Wah Cantonment

Wah Cantonment (Punjabi, Urdu) (often abbreviated to Wah Cantt) is a military city located in the Punjab province of Pakistan, near Taxila and to the north west of Rawalpindi/Islamabad.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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`Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni

ʿAbd-ul-Qadir Bada'uni was a historian and translator living in the Mughal Empire.

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Redirects here:

Fareed Khan, Military Achievement and Administrative Reforms of Sher Shah Suri, Military Achievement and Administrative Reforms of Sher Shah Suris, Military achievements and administrative reforms of Sher Shah Suri, Sher Shah Sur, Sher Shah of Sur, Shershah Suri, Šīr Šāh Sūrī, شیر شاہ سوری.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri

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