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Shetland

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Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain. [1]

443 relations: Aberdeen, Aberdeen Airport, Acts of Union 1707, Agricola (book), Alexander II of Scotland, Alexander III of Scotland, Alistair Carmichael, Allies of World War II, Aly Bain, Ancient Rome, Anderson High School, Lerwick, Anglican Communion, Anglican religious order, Ann Cleeves, Aquaculture, Archipelago, Atlantic cod, Atlantic herring, Atlantic mackerel, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic puffin, Aurora, Battle of Florvåg, Battle of Largs, BBC, BBC News Online, BBC One, BBC Radio Shetland, Beer, Bergen, Black guillemot, Black-browed albatross, Brae, Bressay, Bridei I, British Isles, Broch, Broch of Clickimin, Broch of Culswick, Broch of Mousa, Broch of West Burrafirth, Bronze Age, Brown rat, Bruray, Bryophyte, Burgh, Burra, Shetland, Caithness, Caledonian orogeny, Cask ale, ..., Catholic Church, Celtic languages, Cerastium nigrescens, Chambered cairn, Charles I of England, Christian, Christian I of Denmark, Christianity, Christine De Luca, Church of Scotland, Coat of arms, Codex 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Lighthouse, Ligusticum scoticum, List of civil parishes in Scotland, List of counties of the United Kingdom, List of extreme points of the United Kingdom, List of islands of Scotland, List of islands of the British Isles, List of World Heritage Sites in Scotland, Lists of islands, Loganair, Lollie Graham, Lonely Planet, Longship, Lophius piscatorius, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Lunna House, Magnus Barefoot, Mainland, Shetland, Malus sylvestris, Mareel, Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland, Marseille, Mary, Queen of Scots, Mavis Grind, Member of parliament, Member of the Scottish Parliament, Merlangius, Mertensia, Mesolithic, Met Office, Methodist Church of Great Britain, Michael Powell, Midden, Middle Scots, Moine Supergroup, Moss, Mousa, Muckle Roe, Muness Castle, Napoleonic Wars, National nature reserve (United Kingdom), National scenic area (Scotland), Natural gas, Neolithic, Nesting, Shetland, New Statesman, Njáls saga, Nordic Cross flag, Norges Bank, Norn language, Norsemen, North Sea, North Sea oil, Northern gannet, Northern Isles, NorthLink Ferries, Northmavine, Norway, Norwegian krone, Noss, Oceanic climate, Olaf Tryggvason, Old Irish, Old Norse, Old Red Sandstone, Old Scatness, Ophiolite, Ordnance Survey, Organic food, Orkney, Orkney and Shetland (UK Parliament constituency), Orkneyinga saga, Ornithology, Out Skerries, Out Stack, Outer Hebrides, Papa Stour, Parasitic jaeger, Parliament of Scotland, Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney, Peerie Willie Johnson, Peridotite, Petroleum, Pictish language, Picts, Piracy, Plagiarism, Plantago coronopus, Pledge (law), Pleistocene, Pliny the Elder, Plurality voting, Polysiphonia atlantica, Polysiphonia brodiei, Polysiphonia elongata, Polysiphonia elongella, Polysiphonia fibrillosa, Pomponius Mela, Post town, Potato, Precipitation, Prehistoric Scotland, Presbyterian polity, Pytheas, Quarff, Raman Mundair, Rögnvald Kali Kolsson, Red-throated loon, Redbone (ethnicity), Referendum, Reformation, Renewable energy, Renewable 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pony, Shetland Scots, Shetland sheep, Shetland Sheepdog, Shetland wren, Shires of Scotland, SIBC, SIC Ferries, Sigurd Eysteinsson, Sigurd the Stout, Silene uniflora, Site of Special Scientific Interest, Sjoa, Skaw, Unst, Smallpox, Smallpox vaccine, Snipe, Snow goose, Snowy owl, Society of Our Lady of the Isles, Sorbus aucuparia, Special Operations Executive, SSE plc, St Kilda, Scotland, St Ninian's Isle, Stella Sutherland, Storegga Slide, Storm petrel, Subarctic, Subdivisions of Scotland, Sullom Voe, Sumburgh Airport, Sumburgh Head, Sutherland, Sverre of Norway, Tacitus, Tavish Scott, Textile, Thamnobryum, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland, The Edge of the World, The Guardian, The New Shetlander, The Pirate (novel), The Shetland Times, Thomas Edmondston, Thomas Fraser (singer), Thule, Thurso, Timeline of prehistoric Scotland, Tingwall Airport, Tingwall, Shetland, Tom Anderson (fiddler), Tombolo, Treaty of Perth, Tree, Trondra, Tsunami, Udal law, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom constituencies, University of the Highlands and Islands, Unst, Up Helly Aa, Vagaland, Vaila, Valhalla Brewery, Veensgarth, Vementry, Vidlin, Viking expansion, Viking Wind Farm, Vikings, Wales, Walls, Shetland, Walter Scott, Watt, Weisdale Mill, West Burra, West Linga, Whalsay, Wheelhouse (archaeology), William Douglas, 7th Earl of Morton, William Ewart Gladstone, William J. Watson, William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness, Wind farm, Wind hybrid power systems, Wir Shetland, Wood mouse, World War I, World War II, Yell, Shetland, Yogh, Yule, Z, ZE postcode area, 2005 Island Games. Expand index (393 more) »

Aberdeen

Aberdeen (Aiberdeen,; Obar Dheathain; Aberdonia) is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 37th most populous built-up area, with an official population estimate of 196,670 for the city of Aberdeen and for the local authority area.

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Aberdeen Airport

Aberdeen International Airport (Port-adhair Eadar-nàiseanta Obar Dheathain) is an international airport, located at Dyce, a suburb of Aberdeen, Scotland, approximately northwest of Aberdeen city centre.

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Acts of Union 1707

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.

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Agricola (book)

The Agricola (De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae, lit. On the life and character of Julius Agricola) is a book by the Roman historian Tacitus, written, which recounts the life of his father-in-law Gnaeus Julius Agricola, an eminent Roman general and Governor of Britain from AD 77/78 – 83/84.

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Alexander II of Scotland

Alexander II (Mediaeval Gaelic: Alaxandair mac Uilliam; Modern Gaelic: Alasdair mac Uilleim; 24 August 11986 July 1249) was King of Scots from 1214 until his death in 1249.

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Alexander III of Scotland

Alexander III (Medieval Gaelic: Alaxandair mac Alaxandair; Modern Gaelic: Alasdair mac Alasdair) (4 September 1241 – 19 March 1286) was King of Scots from 1249 to his death.

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Alistair Carmichael

Alexander Morrison "Alistair" CarmichaelFull name is given as "CARMICHAEL, Alexander Morrison, commonly known as Alistair Carmichael" in the returning officer's (born 15 July 1965) is a Liberal Democrat politician and has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Orkney and Shetland since the 2001 general election.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Aly Bain

Aly Bain MBE (born 15 May 1946) is a Scottish fiddler who learned his instrument from the old-time master Tom Anderson.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Anderson High School, Lerwick

The Anderson High School (AHS) is a comprehensive secondary school in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.

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Anglican religious order

Anglican religious orders are communities of men or women (or in some cases mixed communities of both sexes) in the Anglican Communion who live under a common rule of life.

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Ann Cleeves

Ann Cleeves (born 1954) is an English crime-writer.

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Aquaculture

Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.

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Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.

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Atlantic cod

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.

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Atlantic herring

Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is a herring in the family Clupeidae.

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Atlantic mackerel

The Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus), also known as Boston mackerel, Norwegian mackerel, Scottish mackerel or just mackerel, is a species of mackerel found in the temperate waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the northern Atlantic Ocean, where it is extremely common and occurs in huge shoals in the pelagic zone down to about.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Atlantic puffin

The Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), also known as the common puffin, is a species of seabird in the auk family.

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Aurora

An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights, northern lights (aurora borealis) or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in the Earth's sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic).

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Battle of Florvåg

The Battle of Florvåg (Slaget ved Florvåg) was a naval battle that was fought on 3 April 1194 between King Sverre Sigurdsson, leader of the Birkebeiner party, and Sigurd Magnusson, the Øyskjegg party pretender.

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Battle of Largs

The Battle of Largs (2 October 1263) was an indecisive engagement between the kingdoms of Norway and Scotland, on the Firth of Clyde near Largs, Scotland.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BBC News Online

BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.

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BBC One

BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.

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BBC Radio Shetland

BBC Radio Shetland is an opt-out service of BBC Radio Scotland, covering the Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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Beer

Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

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Bergen

Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.

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Black guillemot

The black guillemot or tystie (Cepphus grylle) is a medium-sized alcid.

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Black-browed albatross

The black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris), also known as the black-browed mollymawk,Robertson, C. J. R. (2003) is a large seabird of the albatross family Diomedeidae; it is the most widespread and common member of its family.

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Brae

Brae (Old Norse: Breiðeið, meaning "the wide isthmus") is a settlement on the island of Mainland in Shetland, Scotland.

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Bressay

Bressay is a populated island in the Shetland archipelago of Scotland.

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Bridei I

Bridei I, also known as Bridei, son of Maelchon, was king of the Picts from 554 to 584.

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British Isles

The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.

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Broch

A broch is an Iron Age drystone hollow-walled structure of a type found only in Scotland.

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Broch of Clickimin

The Broch of Clickimin (also Clickimin Broch or Clickhimin Broch) is a large, well-preserved but restored broch in Lerwick in Shetland, Scotland.

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Broch of Culswick

The Broch of Culswick (also Culswick Broch) is an unexcavated coastal broch in the Shetland Islands of Scotland.

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Broch of Mousa

Broch of Mousa (or Mousa Broch) is the finest preserved example of an Iron Age broch or round tower.

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Broch of West Burrafirth

The Broch of West Burrafirth is an Iron Age broch located on the west side of Mainland, Shetland.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brown rat

The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.

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Bruray

Bruray is one of the three Out Skerries islands of Shetland, and contains Scotland's most easterly settlement.

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Bryophyte

Bryophytes are an informal group consisting of three divisions of non-vascular land plants (embryophytes): the liverworts, hornworts and mosses.

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Burgh

A burgh was an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland and Northern England, usually a town, or toun in Scots.

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Burra, Shetland

Burra (Old Norse: Barrey) is the collective name for two of the Shetland Islands, West (pop. 753) and East Burra (pop. 66), which are connected by bridge to one another, and to the Shetland Mainland via Trondra.

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Caithness

Caithness (Gallaibh, Caitnes; Katanes) is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.

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Caledonian orogeny

The Caledonian orogeny was a mountain building era recorded in the northern parts of Ireland and Britain, the Scandinavian Mountains, Svalbard, eastern Greenland and parts of north-central Europe.

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Cask ale

Cask ale or cask-conditioned beer is unfiltered and unpasteurised beer which is conditioned (including secondary fermentation) and served from a cask without additional nitrogen or carbon dioxide pressure.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Celtic languages

The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.

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Cerastium nigrescens

Cerastium nigrescens, commonly known as the Shetland Mouse-ear, Shetland Mouse-eared Chickweed or Edmondston's Chickweed, is an endemic plant found in Shetland, Scotland.

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Chambered cairn

A chambered cairn is a burial monument, usually constructed during the Neolithic, consisting of a sizeable (usually stone) chamber around and over which a cairn of stones was constructed.

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Charles I of England

Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

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Christian

A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Christian I of Denmark

Christian I (February 1426 – 21 May 1481) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christine De Luca

Christine De Luca, née Pearson, (born April 8, 1947) is one of the foremost contemporary poets in Scotland.

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Church of Scotland

The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Codex Holmiensis

Codex Holmiensis C 37 contains the oldest manuscript of the Danish Code of Jutland (Jyske Lov),Riis, Thomas.

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Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles

The constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles has periodically been discussed, for example during the Scottish independence referendum campaign.

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Country music

Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.

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Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886

The Crofters Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886 (Achd na Croitearachd 1886) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that created legal definitions of crofting parish and crofter, granted security of land tenure to crofters and produced the first Crofters Commission, a land court which ruled on disputes between landlords and crofters.

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Crofting

Crofting is a form of land tenure and small-scale food production particular to the Scottish Highlands, the islands of Scotland, and formerly on the Isle of Man.

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Cuisine

A cuisine is a style of cooking characterized by distinctive ingredients, techniques and dishes, and usually associated with a specific culture or geographic region.

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Cunningsburgh

Cunningsburgh, formerly also known as Coningsburgh (Konungsborgr meaning "King's castle"), is a hamlet and ancient parish in the south of Mainland, Shetland.

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Curlew

The curlews, genus Numenius, are a group of eight species of birds, characterised by long, slender, downcurved bills and mottled brown plumage.

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Dalradian

Dalradian in geology describes a series of metamorphic rocks, typically developed in the high ground which lies southeast of the Great Glen of Scotland.

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Dative case

The dative case (abbreviated, or sometimes when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case used in some languages to indicate, among other uses, the noun to which something is given, as in "Maria Jacobī potum dedit", Latin for "Maria gave Jacob a drink".

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Delting

Delting is a civil parish and community council area on Mainland, Shetland, Scotland.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Development trust

Development trusts are organisations operating in the United Kingdom that are.

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Development Trusts Association Scotland

Development Trusts Association Scotland often referred to as DTAS is a scottish charitable incorporated organisation that represents the interests of development trusts.

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Devil's Gate (film)

Devil's Gate is a 2004 British film directed by Stuart St Paul.

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Dowry

A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts or money at the marriage of a daughter.

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Dunrossness

Dunrossness, (Old Norse: Dynrastarnes meaning "headland of the loud tide-race", referring to the noise of Sumburgh Roost) is the southernmost parish of Shetland, Scotland.

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Earl

An earl is a member of the nobility.

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Earl of Angus

The Mormaer or Earl of Angus was the ruler of the medieval Scottish province of Angus.

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Earl of Caithness

Earl of Caithness is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland, and it has a very complex history.

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Earl of Orkney

The Earl of Orkney was originally a Norse jarl ruling the Norðreyjar (the islands of Orkney and Shetland).

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Early Middle Ages

The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.

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East Burra

East Burra (Old Norse: "Barrey") is one of the Scalloway Islands, a subgroup of the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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East Shetland Basin

The East Shetland Basin is a major oil-producing area of the North Sea between Scotland and Norway.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Edmund Selous

Edmund Selous (14 August 1857 – 25 March 1934) was a British ornithologist and writer.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Erythranthe

Erythranthe, the monkey-flowers and musk-flowers, is a diverse plant genus with at least 111 members (as of 2017) in the family Phrymaceae.

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Esha Ness Lighthouse

Eshaness Lighthouse is situated on the Northmavine peninsula in the north-west of the Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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EURACTIV

EURACTIV is a European media platform specialising in the online publication of articles focusing on European policymaking, founded in 1999 by Christophe Leclercq.

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European golden plover

The European golden plover (Pluvialis apricaria), also known as the Eurasian golden plover or just the golden plover within Europe, is a largish plover.

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Fair Isle

Fair Isle (IPA: /fɛəraɪ̯l/; Friðarey; Fara) is an island in Shetland, in northern Scotland.

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Fair Isle (technique)

Fair Isle (/fɛəraɪ̯l/) is a traditional knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours.

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Fair Isle wren

The Fair Isle wren (Troglodytes troglodytes fridariensis) is a small passerine bird in the wren family.

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Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.

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Fault (geology)

In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.

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Fauna

Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.

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Felsite

Felsite is a very fine-grained volcanic rock that may or may not contain larger crystals.

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Fetlar

Fetlar is one of the North Isles of Shetland, Scotland, with a usually resident population of 61 at the time of the 2011 census.

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Fiddle

A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin.

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Fiddlers' Bid

Fiddlers' Bid are a Shetland based instrumental group known for playing contemporary arrangements of traditional Shetland fiddle tunes.

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Firth

Firth is a word in the Scots and English languages used to denote various coastal waters in Scotland and even a strait.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Flag of Scotland

The Flag of Scotland (bratach na h-Alba; Banner o Scotland) is also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire.

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Flag of Shetland

The flag of Shetland is a white or silver Nordic cross on a blue background.

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Flora

Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.

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Fog

Fog is a visible aerosol consisting of minute water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface.

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Forge

A forge is a type of hearth used for heating metals, or the workplace (smithy) where such a hearth is located.

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Foula

Foula (pronounced //) in the Shetland archipelago of Scotland, is one of the United Kingdom’s most remote permanently inhabited islands.

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Fuel cell

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

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Gabbro

Gabbro refers to a large group of dark, often phaneritic (coarse-grained), mafic intrusive igneous rocks chemically equivalent to basalt, being its coarse-grained analogue.

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George Mackay Brown

George Mackay Brown (17 October 1921 – 13 April 1996) was a Scottish poet, author and dramatist, whose work has a distinctly Orcadian character.

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Glacial erratic

Indian Rock in the Village of Montebello, New York A glacial erratic is a piece of rock that differs from the size and type of rock native to the area in which it rests.

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Glasgow

Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.

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Gordon Highlanders

The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994, when it was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).

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Government Pension Fund of Norway

The Government Pension Fund of Norway comprises two entirely separate sovereign wealth funds owned by the government of Norway.

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Graham Fellows

Graham David Fellows (born 22 May 1959 in Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England) is an English comedy actor and musician, best known for creating the characters of John Shuttleworth and Jilted John.

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Granite

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.

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Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.

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Great skua

The great skua (Stercorarius skua) is a large seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae.

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Grice

The grice was a breed of swine found in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland and in Ireland.

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Guilder

Guilder is the English translation of the Dutch and German gulden, originally shortened from Middle High German guldin pfenninc "gold penny".

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Gulberwick

Gulberwick is a village southwest of Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland, which contains approximately 200 houses.

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Haakon IV of Norway

Haakon Haakonsson (c. March/April 1204 – 16 December 1263) (Old Norse: Hákon Hákonarson; Norwegian: Håkon Håkonsson), sometimes called Haakon the Old in contrast to his son with the same name, and known in modern regnal lists as Haakon IV, was the King of Norway from 1217 to 1263.

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Haakon VI of Norway

Haakon VI of Norway (Håkon, Håkan; 1340–1380), also known as Håkan Magnusson, was King of Norway from 1343 until his death and King of Sweden between 1362 and 1364.

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Haakon VII of Norway

Haakon VII (born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel; 3 August 187221 September 1957), known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was a Danish prince who became the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden.

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Haddock

The haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a saltwater fish from the family Gadidae, the true cods, it is the only species in the monotypic genus Melanogrammus.

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Haldane Burgess

James John (J.J.) Haldane Burgess (1862–1927) was a Shetland historian, poet, novelist, violinist, linguist and socialist, a noted figure in Shetland's cultural history.

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Hammond Innes

Ralph Hammond Innes, CBE (15 July 1913 – 10 June 1998) was a British novelist who wrote over 30 novels, as well as children's and travel books.

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Hanseatic League

The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.

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Harald Fairhair

Harald Fairhair (Old Norse: Haraldr Hárfagri, Norwegian: Harald Hårfagre, (literally "Harald Hair-pleasant"); 850 – 932) is remembered by medieval historians as the first King of Norway.

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Harald Maddadsson

Harald Maddadsson (Old Norse: Haraldr Maddaðarson, Gaelic: Aralt mac Mataid) (c. 1134 – 1206) was Earl of Orkney and Mormaer of Caithness from 1139 until 1206.

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Hectare

The hectare (SI symbol: ha) is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100 meter sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land.

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Heel-shaped cairn

The heel-shaped cairn, with its usually cruciform chamber, is a type of megalithic monument that is found in Scotland, especially in Caithness and Sutherland and on the Shetland Islands.

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Henry I Sinclair, Earl of Orkney

Henry I Sinclair, Jarl of Orkney, Baron of Roslin (13451400) was a Scottish and a Norwegian nobleman.

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Hermaness

Hermaness is the northernmost headland of Unst, the most northernly inhabited island of Shetland, Scotland.

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Herring

Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.

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Highlands and Islands (Scottish Parliament electoral region)

The Highlands and Islands is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999.

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Highlands and Islands Enterprise

Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) is the Scottish Government's economic and community development agency for a diverse region which covers more than half of Scotland and is home to around 450,000 people.

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Hilt

The hilt (rarely called the haft) of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel.

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Hjeltefjorden

Hjeltefjorden is a fjord in Hordaland county, Norway.

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Hjerkinn

Hjerkinn is a village in the municipality of Dovre, in Oppland county in Norway.

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Hoe (tool)

A hoe is an ancient and versatile agricultural and horticultural hand tool used to shape soil, remove weeds, clear soil, and harvest root crops.

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Housay

Housay, also known as West Isle, is one of the three islands that form the Out Skerries island group, the most easterly part of the Shetland Isles.

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House mouse

The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail.

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House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Hugh MacDiarmid

Christopher Murray Grieve (11 August 1892 – 9 September 1978), known by his pen name Hugh MacDiarmid, was a Scottish poet, journalist, essayist and political figure.

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Iapetus Ocean

The Iapetus Ocean was an ocean that existed in the late Neoproterozoic and early Paleozoic eras of the geologic timescale (between 600 and 400 million years ago).

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Impressment

Impressment, colloquially "the press" or the "press gang", is the taking of men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.

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Independent politician

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.

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International Island Games Association

The International Island Games Association (IIGA) is an organisation the sole purpose of which is to organise the Island Games, a friendly biennial multi-sport competition between teams from several European islands and other small territories.

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Inverness

Inverness (from the Inbhir Nis, meaning "Mouth of the River Ness", Inerness) is a city in the Scottish Highlands.

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Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Island Games

The Island Games (currently known as the NatWest Island Games for sponsorship reasons) are an international multi-sports event organised by the International Island Games Association (IIGA).

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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It's Nice Up North

It's Nice Up North is a 2006 comedy documentary made by comedian Graham Fellows as his alter ego John Shuttleworth.

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IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

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James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton

James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton, KT, PRS (1702 – 12 October 1768) was a Scottish astronomer and representative peer who was President of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh from its foundation in 1737 until his death.

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James Hunter (historian)

Dr James Hunter CBE (born 1948) is Director for the UHI Centre for History, Chairman of the Isle of Eigg Heritage Trust and formerly the Chairman of Highlands and Islands Enterprise, the Inverness-based development and training agency for the North of Scotland.

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James III of Scotland

James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.

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Jarlshof

Jarlshof is the best known prehistoric archaeological site in Shetland, Scotland.

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Jon Haraldsson

Jon Haraldsson was Jarl of Orkney between 1206 and 1231.

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Kalmar Union

The Kalmar Union or Union of Kalmaris (Danish, Norwegian and Kalmarunionen; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of Finland's populated areas), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies (then including Iceland, Greenland,Nominal possession, there was no European contact with the island during the Kalmar Union period the Faroe Islands and the Northern Isles).

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Keen of Hamar

Keen of Hamar is a nature reserve on Unst, in Shetland, Scotland, managed by Scottish Natural Heritage.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

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Kingdom of the Isles

The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD.

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Kirkwall

Kirkwall (Scottish Gaelic: Bàgh na h-Eaglaise) is the main settlement of the Northern Isles and capital of Orkney, an archipelago in the north of Scotland, as well as the largest island settlement in Scotland.

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Land

Land, sometimes referred to as dry land, is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently covered by water.

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Latitude

In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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Leif Larsen

Leif Andreas Larsen DSO, DSC, CGM, DSM and Bar (9 January 1906 – 12 October 1990), popularly known as "Shetlands Larsen", was a Norwegian sailor and the most highly decorated allied naval officer of World War II.

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Lenition

In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.

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Lerwick

Lerwick (Scottish Gaelic: Liùrabhaig, Norwegian: Leirvik) is the main port of Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church

Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church is the largest Church of Scotland congregation in Shetland, serving the islands' capital Lerwick and the surrounding area.

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Lerwick Town Hall

Lerwick Town Hall is located in central Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland.

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Lewisian complex

The Lewisian complex or Lewisian gneiss is a suite of Precambrian metamorphic rocks that outcrop in the northwestern part of Scotland, forming part of the Hebridean Terrane and the North Atlantic Craton.

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Liberal Democrats (UK)

The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.

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Liberal Party (UK)

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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Lichen

A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.

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Lighthouse

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

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Ligusticum scoticum

Ligusticum scoticum, known as Scots lovage, or Scottish licorice-root, is a perennial plant of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) found near the coasts of northern Europe and north-eastern North America.

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List of civil parishes in Scotland

This is a list of the 871 civil parishes in Scotland.

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List of counties of the United Kingdom

This is a list of the counties of the United Kingdom.

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List of extreme points of the United Kingdom

This is a list of the extreme points of the United Kingdom: the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

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List of islands of Scotland

This is a list of islands of Scotland, the mainland of which is part of the island of Great Britain.

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List of islands of the British Isles

This page is a list of the larger islands that form the British Isles, listing area and population data.

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List of World Heritage Sites in Scotland

World Heritage Sites in Scotland are locations that have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Programme list of sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humankind.

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Lists of islands

This is a list of lists of islands in the world grouped by oceans, by continents, and by other classifications.

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Loganair

Loganair Limited is a Scottish regional airline founded in 1962, with its registered office on the grounds of Glasgow Airport in Paisley, Renfrewshire.

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Lollie Graham

Laurence I. "Lollie" Graham (1924–2008) was a Scottish poet and author Born in Stromfirth in 1924, the family moved to one of the new croft holdings at Veensgarth, Tingwall and he lived there ever since.

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Lonely Planet

Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

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Longship

Longships were a type of ship invented and used by the Norsemen (commonly known as the Vikings) for commerce, exploration, and warfare during the Viking Age.

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Lophius piscatorius

Lophius piscatorius, commonly known as the angler, is a monkfish in the family Lophiidae.

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Lord Lyon King of Arms

The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.

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Lunna House

Lunna House is a 17th-century laird's house on Lunna Ness in the Shetland Islands.

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Magnus Barefoot

Magnus Olafsson (Old Norse: Magnús Óláfsson, Norwegian: Magnus Olavsson; 1073 – 24 August 1103), better known as Magnus Barefoot (Old Norse: Magnús berfœttr, Norwegian: Magnus Berrføtt), was King of Norway (as Magnus III) from 1093 until his death in 1103.

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Mainland, Shetland

The Mainland is the main island of Shetland, Scotland.

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Malus sylvestris

Malus sylvestris, the European crab apple, is a species of the genus Malus, native to Europe.

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Mareel

Mareel is a multi-purpose entertainment venue located on the waterfront of Lerwick, the capital of Shetland.

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Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland

Margaret of Denmark (23 June 1456 – 14 July 1486), also referred to as Margaret of Norway, was Queen of Scotland from 1469 to 1486 by marriage to King James III.

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Marseille

Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.

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Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.

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Mavis Grind

Mavis Grind (Mæfeiðs grind or Mæveiðs grind, meaning "gate of the narrow isthmus") is a narrow isthmus joining the Northmavine peninsula to the rest of the island of Shetland Mainland in the Shetland Islands, UK.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Member of the Scottish Parliament

Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.

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Merlangius

Merlangius merlangus, commonly known as whiting or merling, is an important food fish in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean and the northern Mediterranean, western Baltic, and Black Sea.

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Mertensia

Mertensia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae.

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Mesolithic

In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.

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Met Office

The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.

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Methodist Church of Great Britain

The Methodist Church of Great Britain is the fourth-largest Christian denomination in Britain and the mother church to Methodists worldwide.

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Michael Powell

Michael Latham Powell (30 September 1905 – 19 February 1990) was an English film director, celebrated for his partnership with Emeric Pressburger.

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Midden

A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.

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Middle Scots

Middle Scots was the Anglic language of Lowland Scotland in the period from 1450 to 1700.

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Moine Supergroup

The Moine Supergroup is a sequence of Neoproterozoic metamorphic rocks that form the dominant outcrop of the Scottish Highlands between the Moine Thrust Belt to the northwest and the Great Glen Fault to the southeast.

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Moss

Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.

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Mousa

Mousa (Mosey "moss island") is a small island in Shetland, Scotland, uninhabited since the nineteenth century.

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Muckle Roe

Muckle Roe is an island in Shetland, Scotland, in St. Magnus Bay, to the west of Mainland, Shetland.

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Muness Castle

Muness Castle is located on Unst, which is one of the Shetland Islands of Scotland.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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National nature reserve (United Kingdom)

Some statutory nature reserves are designated by national bodies in the United Kingdom, and are known as national nature reserves.

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National scenic area (Scotland)

A national scenic area (NSA) is a conservation designation used in Scotland, and administered by Scottish Natural Heritage.

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Natural gas

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Nesting, Shetland

Nesting is a parish in the Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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New Statesman

The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.

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Njáls saga

Njáls saga (modern Icelandic pronunciation) (also Njála, Brennu-Njáls saga or "The Story of Burnt Njáll") is a thirteenth-century Icelandic saga that describes events between 960 and 1020.

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Nordic Cross flag

The Nordic Cross flag is any of certain flags bearing the design of the Nordic or Scandinavian cross, a cross symbol in a rectangular field, with the center of the cross shifted towards the hoist.

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Norges Bank

Norges Bank / Noregs Bank is the central bank of Norway.

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Norn language

Norn is an extinct North Germanic language that was spoken in the Northern Isles (Orkney and Shetland) off the north coast of mainland Scotland and in Caithness in the far north of the Scottish mainland.

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Norsemen

Norsemen are a group of Germanic people who inhabited Scandinavia and spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between 800 AD and c. 1300 AD.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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North Sea oil

North Sea oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons, comprising liquid petroleum and natural gas, produced from petroleum reservoirs beneath the North Sea.

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Northern gannet

The northern gannet (Morus bassanus) is a seabird, the largest species of the gannet family, Sulidae.

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Northern Isles

The Northern Isles (Northren Isles; Na h-Eileanan a Tuath; Norðreyjar) are a pair of archipelagos off the north coast of mainland Scotland, comprising Orkney and Shetland.

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NorthLink Ferries

NorthLink Ferries (also referred to as Serco NorthLink Ferries) is an operator of passenger and vehicle ferries, as well as ferry services, between mainland Scotland and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland.

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Northmavine

Northmavine or Northmaven (Norðan Mæfeið, meaning ‘the land north of the Mavis Grind’) is a peninsula on the northernmost part of the Shetland mainland in Scotland.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Norwegian krone

The krone (sign: kr; code: NOK), plural kroner, is the currency of Norway and its dependent territories.

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Noss

Noss is a small, previously inhabited island in Shetland, Scotland.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Olaf Tryggvason

Olaf Tryggvason (960s – 9 September 1000) was King of Norway from 995 to 1000.

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Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

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Old Norse

Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.

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Old Red Sandstone

The Old Red Sandstone is an assemblage of rocks in the North Atlantic region largely of Devonian age.

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Old Scatness

Old Scatness is an archeological site in the parish of Dunrossness in the South Mainland of Shetland, near Sumburgh Airport consisting of mediaeval, Viking, Pictish, and Iron Age remains.

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Ophiolite

An ophiolite is a section of the Earth's oceanic crust and the underlying upper mantle that has been uplifted and exposed above sea level and often emplaced onto continental crustal rocks.

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Ordnance Survey

Ordnance Survey (OS) is a national mapping agency in the United Kingdom which covers the island of Great Britain.

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Organic food

Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming.

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Orkney

Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.

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Orkney and Shetland (UK Parliament constituency)

Orkney and Shetland is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Orkneyinga saga

The Orkneyinga saga (also called the History of the Earls of Orkney and Jarls' Saga) is an historical narrative of the history of the Orkney and Shetland islands and their relationship with other local polities, particularly Norway and Scotland.

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Ornithology

Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.

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Out Skerries

The Out Skerries are an archipelago in Shetland, Scotland, lying to the east of the main Shetland Island group.

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Out Stack

Out Stack or Ootsta in Shetland, Scotland, is the northernmost point of the British Isles, lying immediately 600 m northeast of Muckle Flugga and north of the island of Unst.

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Outer Hebrides

The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar or Na h-Eileanan an Iar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Isle or the Long Island (An t-Eilean Fada), is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.

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Papa Stour

Papa Stour is one of the Shetland Islands in Scotland, with a population of under twenty people, some of whom immigrated after an appeal for residents in the 1970s.

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Parasitic jaeger

The parasitic jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus), also known as the Arctic skua or parasitic skua, is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae.

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Parliament of Scotland

The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.

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Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney

Patrick Stewart, Earl of Orkney, Lord of Zetland (c. 1566 – 6 February 1615) was a Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert, Earl of Orkney, a bastard son of King James V. Infamous for his godless nature and tyrannical rule over Orkney and Shetland, he was executed for treason in 1615.

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Peerie Willie Johnson

"Peerie" Willie Johnson (William Henry Johnson) (10 December 1920 in Yell, Shetland – 22 May 2007 in Lerwick, Shetland) was a Scottish folk guitarist and bassist.

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Peridotite

Peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained igneous rock consisting mostly of the minerals olivine and pyroxene.

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Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Pictish language

Pictish is the extinct language, or dialect, spoken by the Picts, the people of eastern and northern Scotland from the late Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages.

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Picts

The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.

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Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.

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Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.

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Plantago coronopus

Plantago coronopus (known as buck's-horn plantain, minutina or erba stella) is a herbaceous annual to perennial flowering plant in the family Plantaginaceae.

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Pledge (law)

A pledge is a bailment that conveys possessory title to property owned by a debtor (the pledgor) to a creditor (the pledgee) to secure repayment for some debt or obligation and to the mutual benefit of both parties.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

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Plurality voting

Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts (a plurality) is elected.

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Polysiphonia atlantica

Polysiphonia atlantica is a small filamentous species of red marine algae Rhodophyta.

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Polysiphonia brodiei

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel, now generally spelled "brodiaei", as it is named after James BrodieHardy, F.G. and Guiry, M.D. 2003.

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Polysiphonia elongata

Polysiphonia elongata is a small red marine algae in the Rhodophyta.

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Polysiphonia elongella

Polysiphonia elongella Harvey in W.J. Hooker Hardy, F.G. and Guiry, M.D. 2003 A Checklist and Atlas of the Seaweeds of Britain and Ireland.

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Polysiphonia fibrillosa

Polysiphonia fibrillosa (Dillwyn) Sprengel is a species of marine red alga in the Rhodophyta.

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Pomponius Mela

Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer.

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Post town

A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system.

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Potato

The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Prehistoric Scotland

Archaeology and geology continue to reveal the secrets of prehistoric Scotland, uncovering a complex past before the Romans brought Scotland into the scope of recorded history.

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Presbyterian polity

Presbyterian (or presbyteral) polity is a method of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") typified by the rule of assemblies of presbyters, or elders.

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Pytheas

Pytheas of Massalia (Ancient Greek: Πυθέας ὁ Μασσαλιώτης Pythéas ho Massaliōtēs; Latin: Pytheas Massiliensis; fl. 4th century BC), was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony of Massalia (modern-day Marseille).

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Quarff

Quarff is a small village in the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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Raman Mundair

Raman Mundair is a British poet, writer, artist and playwright.

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Rögnvald Kali Kolsson

Rognvald Kale Kolsson (also known as St. Ronald or St. Ronald of Orkney) (c. 1103 – 1158) was an Earl of Orkney and a Norwegian saint.

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Red-throated loon

The red-throated loon (North America) or red-throated diver (Britain and Ireland) (Gavia stellata) is a migratory aquatic bird found in the northern hemisphere.

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Redbone (ethnicity)

Redbone is a term historically used in much of the southern United States to denote a multi-racial individual or culture.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Reformation

The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.

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Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

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Renewable energy in Scotland

The production of renewable energy in Scotland is an issue that has come to the fore in technical, economic, and political terms during the opening years of the 21st century.

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Rhoda Bulter

Rhoda Bulter (15 July 1929 – 1994), Shetland author, is one of the best-known Shetland poets of recent times.

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Rhodiola rosea

Rhodiola rosea (commonly golden root, rose root, roseroot, Aaron's rod, Arctic root, king's crown, lignum rhodium, orpin rose) is a perennial flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae.

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Riksråd

Riksrådet (in Norwegian and Swedish), Rigsrådet (in Danish) or (English: The Council of the Realm and The Council of the State – sometimes translated as "Privy Council") is the name of the councils of the Scandinavian countries that ruled the countries together with the kings from late Middle Ages to the 17th century.

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Robert Alan Jamieson

Robert Alan Jamieson (born 1958) is a Scottish Shetland poet and novelist who grew up on the crofting community of Sandness.

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Robert Cowie

Robert Cowie (1842–1874) was a British physician and author.

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Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney

Robert Stewart, Knt., 1st Earl of Orkney and Lord of Zetland (Shetland) (1533 – 4 February 1593) was a recognized illegitimate son of James V, King of Scotland, and his mistress Eupheme Elphinstone.

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Rognvald Eysteinsson

Rognvald Eysteinsson (fl. 865) was the founding Jarl (or Earl) of Møre in Norway, and a close relative and ally of Harald Fairhair, the earliest known King of Norway.

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Ronas Hill

Ronas Hill (or Rönies Hill) (450m) is a Marilyn, the highest point of Mainland, Shetland, in Scotland.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales and in Scotland.

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Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Sandness

Sandness (the "d" is not pronounced locally) is a headland and district in the west of Shetland Mainland, Scotland.

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Sandsting

Sandsting is a parish in the West Mainland of Shetland, Scotland, forming a southern arm of the Walls Peninsula.

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Sandwick, Shetland

Sandwick (Sandvik "Sandy Bay") is an ancient parish in the Shetland Islands that had been merged in 1891, along with Cunningsburgh, into Dunrossness It is located 13 miles south of Lerwick in the South Mainland.

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Scalloway

Scalloway (Old Norse:Skálavágr – "bay with the large house(s)") is the largest settlement on the North Atlantic coast of Mainland, the largest island of the Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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Scalloway Castle

Scalloway Castle is a tower house in Scalloway, on the Shetland Mainland, the largest island in the Shetland Islands of Scotland.

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Scalloway Islands

The Scalloway Islands are in Shetland opposite Scalloway on south west of the Mainland.

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Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.

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Scatsta Airport

Scatsta Airport, is a commercial airport on Shetland in Scotland located north of Lerwick and southwest of Sullom Voe Terminal.

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Scilla verna

Scilla verna, commonly known as spring squill, is a flowering plant native to Western Europe.

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Scord of Brouster

The Scord of Brouster is one of the earliest Neolithic farm sites in Shetland, Scotland.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scots language

Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).

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Scottish Crofting Federation

The Scottish Crofting Federation (SCF), which was formerly called the Scottish Crofting Foundation (itself formerly called the Scottish Crofters Union), is an organisation of crofting communities in the highlands and islands of Scotland.

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Scottish English

Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.

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Scottish Episcopal Church

The seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba) make up the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in Scotland.

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Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.

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Scottish Liberal Democrats

The Scottish Liberal Democrats (Libearal Deamocratach na h-Alba, Scots Leeberal Democrats) is a liberal and social-liberal political party in Scotland.

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Scottish National Party

The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.

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Scottish Natural Heritage

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH; Dualchas Nàdair na h-Alba) is the Scottish public body responsible for the country's natural heritage, especially its natural, genetic and scenic diversity.

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Scottish Parliament

The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.

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Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions

Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions were first used in 1999, in the first general election of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood), created by the Scotland Act 1998.

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Serpentine soil

Serpentine soil is mostly derived from ultramafic rocks; In particular, serpentinite, a rock formed by the hydration and metamorphic transformation of peridotite.

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Sheep

Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.

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Shellfish

Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.

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Shetland (Scottish Parliament constituency)

Shetland is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).

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Shetland (TV series)

Shetland is a British television crime drama television series, made by ITV Studios for the BBC and broadcast on BBC One, that first broadcast on 10 March 2013.

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Shetland animal breeds

The Shetland Islands of Scotland have long had their own distinct animal breeds, due to the remoteness of the archipelago.

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Shetland bus

The Shetland Bus (Norwegian Bokmål: Shetlandsbussene, def. pl.) was the nickname of a clandestine special operations group that made a permanent link between Shetland, Scotland and German-occupied Norway from 1941 until the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany ended on 8 May 1945.

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Shetland cattle

Shetland cattle are a small, hardy cattle breed from the Shetland Isles of Scotland.

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Shetland College

Shetland College is a further and higher education college in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland.

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Shetland duck

The Shetland duck is a breed of domestic duck originating in the Shetland Islands Britannic Rare Breeds.

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Shetland Fiddlers' Society

The Shetland Fiddlers' Society is a group of fiddlers from Shetland that play regularly for Shetland Folk Dance and perform at events such as Shetland’s Folk Festival and Accordion and Fiddle Festival.

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Shetland Folk Society

The Shetland Folk Society was created in 1945 as a heritage group, to gather, record and support all aspects of Shetland's cultural history.

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Shetland football team

The Shetland Football Team represents the islands of Shetland, Scotland, in association football.

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Shetland goose

The Shetland goose is a breed of domestic geese originating in the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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Shetland Islands Council

The Shetland Islands Council is the local authority for Shetland, Scotland.

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Shetland Movement

The Shetland Movement was a pressure group and political party created in 1978 to advocate for greater autonomy in Shetland.

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Shetland Museum

The New Shetland Museum and Archives at Hay's Dock, Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland, was officially opened on 31 May 2007 by HM Queen Sonja of Norway and the Duke & Duchess of Rothesay (Charles & Camilla).

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Shetland pony

The Shetland pony is a breed of pony originating in the Shetland Isles.

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Shetland Scots

Shetlandic, usually referred to as (auld or braid) Shetland by native speakers, and referred to as Modern Shetlandic Scots (MSS) by linguists, is spoken in Shetland, to the north of mainland Scotland and is, like Orcadian, a dialect of Insular Scots.

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Shetland sheep

The Shetland is a small, wool-producing breed of sheep originating in the Shetland Isles, but is now also kept in many other parts of the world.

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Shetland Sheepdog

The Shetland Sheepdog, also known as the Sheltie, is a breed of herding dog that originated in the Shetland Islands.

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Shetland wren

The Shetland wren (Troglodytes troglodytes zetlandicus) is a small passerine bird in the wren family.

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Shires of Scotland

The counties or shires of Scotland (Siorrachdan na h-Alba) are geographic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages.

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SIBC

SIBC (short for Shetland Islands Broadcasting Company) is a local independent commercial radio station broadcasting in the Shetland Islands.

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SIC Ferries

Shetland Islands Council Ferries (often named SIC Ferries) is a company operating inter-island ferry services in Shetland, a subarctic archipelago off the northeast coast of Scotland.

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Sigurd Eysteinsson

Sigurd Eysteinsson or Sigurd the Mighty (reigned c. 875–892Ashley, pp. 440–441) was the second Earl of Orkney – a title bequeathed to Sigurd by his brother Rognvald Eysteinsson.

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Sigurd the Stout

Sigurd Hlodvirsson (circa 960 – 23 April 1014), popularly known as Sigurd the Stout from the Old Norse Sigurðr digri,Thomson (2008) p. 59 was an Earl of Orkney.

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Silene uniflora

Silene uniflora is a species of flowering plant in the pink family Caryophyllaceae known by the common name sea campion.

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Site of Special Scientific Interest

A Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) in Great Britain or an Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) in the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom and Isle of Man.

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Sjoa

The Sjoa river provides the outlet from lake Gjende at Gjendesheim in the Jotunheimen mountains of Norway's Jotunheim National Park.

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Skaw, Unst

Skaw is a tiny settlement in the Scottish archipelago of Shetland, located on the island of Unst.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Smallpox vaccine

Smallpox vaccine, the first successful vaccine to be developed, was introduced by Edward Jenner in 1796.

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Snipe

A snipe is any of about 26 wading bird species in three genera in the family Scolopacidae.

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Snow goose

The snow goose (Anser caerulescens), consisting of both a white phase and blue phase (blue goose), is a North American species of goose commonly collectively referred to as "light geese".

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Snowy owl

The snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus), also known as the polar owl or white owl, is a large, white owl of the typical owl family.

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Society of Our Lady of the Isles

The Society of Our Lady of the Isles (SOLI) is a small Anglican religious order for women.

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Sorbus aucuparia

Sorbus aucuparia, commonly called rowan and mountain-ash, is a species of deciduous tree or shrub in the rose family.

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Special Operations Executive

The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.

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SSE plc

SSE plc (formerly Scottish and Southern Energy plc) is a Scottish energy company headquartered in Perth, Scotland, United Kingdom.

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St Kilda, Scotland

St Kilda (Hiort) is an isolated archipelago situated west-northwest of North Uist, in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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St Ninian's Isle

St Ninian's Isle is a small tied island connected by the largest tombolo in the UK to the south-western coast of the Mainland, Shetland, in Scotland.

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Stella Sutherland

Stella Sutherland (7 October 1924 – 15 October 2015) was one of the Shetland writers of the later 20th and early 21st century.

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Storegga Slide

The three Storegga Slides are considered to be amongst the largest known landslides.

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Storm petrel

Storm petrel may refer to one of two bird families, both in the order Procellariiformes, once treated as the same family.

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Subarctic

The subarctic is a region in the Northern Hemisphere immediately south of the true Arctic and covering much of Alaska, Canada, Iceland, the north of Scandinavia, Siberia, and the Shetland Islands.

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Subdivisions of Scotland

For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas", which are all governed by single-tier authorities designated as "councils".

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Sullom Voe

Sullom Voe is an inlet between North Mainland and Northmavine on Shetland in Scotland.

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Sumburgh Airport

Sumburgh Airport is the main airport serving Shetland in Scotland.

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Sumburgh Head

Sumburgh Head is located at the southern tip of the Shetland Mainland in northern Scotland.

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Sutherland

Sutherland is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in the Highlands of Scotland.

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Sverre of Norway

Sverre Sigurdsson (Sverrir Sigurðarson) (c. 1145/1151 – 9 March 1202) was the King of Norway from 1184 to 1202.

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Tacitus

Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (–) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.

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Tavish Scott

Tavish Hamilton Scott MSP (born 6 May 1966) is a Scottish politician and MSP for Shetland.

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Textile

A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Thamnobryum

Thamnobryum is a genus of moss in the family Neckeraceae.

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.

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The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland

The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland is a combination of three sites in Shetland that have applied to be on the United Kingdom "Tentative List" of possible nominations for the UNESCO World Heritage Programme list of sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humankind.

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The Edge of the World

The Edge of the World is a 1937 British film directed by Michael Powell, loosely based on the evacuation of the Scottish archipelago of St Kilda.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The New Shetlander

The New Shetlander is Scotland's longest-running literary magazine, founded in 1947, and edited originally by Peter Jamieson.

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The Pirate (novel)

The Pirate is a novel by Walter Scott, based roughly on the life of John Gow who features as Captain Cleveland.

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The Shetland Times

The Shetland Times is a weekly newspaper in Shetland, published on Fridays and based in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland.

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Thomas Edmondston

Thomas Edmondston (1825–1846) was a British-born botanist, born in Buness, Unst.

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Thomas Fraser (singer)

Thomas Fraser (1927–1978) was a Scottish fisherman and Country and Western and rhythm and blues musician from the Shetland Isles.

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Thule

Thule (Θούλη, Thoúlē; Thule, Tile) was the place located furthest north, which was mentioned in ancient Greek and Roman literature and cartography.

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Thurso

Thurso (pronounced, Thursa, Inbhir Theòrsa) is a town and former burgh on the north coast of the Highland council area of Scotland.

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Timeline of prehistoric Scotland

This timeline of prehistoric Scotland is a chronologically ordered list of important archaeological sites in Scotland and of major events affecting Scotland's human inhabitants and culture during the prehistoric period.

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Tingwall Airport

Tingwall Airport, also known as Lerwick/Tingwall Airport, is located in the Tingwall valley, near the village of Gott, northwest of Lerwick on the mainland island of the Shetland, Scotland.

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Tingwall, Shetland

Tingwall, (Old Norse: Þingvöllr.

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Tom Anderson (fiddler)

Tom (Tammy) Anderson MBE (1910–1991) was a Scottish fiddler, teacher, composer and collector of traditional tunes. He has been described as "...the most prominent personality in the entire history of Shetland fiddling.".

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Tombolo

A tombolo, from the Italian tombolo, derived from the Latin tumulus, meaning 'mound', and sometimes translated as ayre, is a deposition landform in which an island is attached to the mainland by a narrow piece of land such as a spit or bar.

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Treaty of Perth

The Treaty of Perth, signed 2 July 1266, ended military conflict between Magnus VI of Norway and Alexander III of Scotland over the sovereignty of the Hebrides and the Isle of Man.

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Tree

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Trondra

Trondra is one of the Scalloway Islands, a subgroup of the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Udal law

Udal law is a Norse derived legal system, which is found in Shetland and Orkney, Scotland and in Manx law in the Isle of Man.

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United Kingdom census, 2011

A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.

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United Kingdom constituencies

In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.

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University of the Highlands and Islands

The University of the Highlands and Islands (Oilthigh na Gàidhealtachd agus nan Eilean) is a tertiary university composed of Academic Partners which are the 13 colleges and research institutions in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland delivering higher education.

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Unst

Unst is one of the North Isles of the Shetland Islands, Scotland.

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Up Helly Aa

Up Helly Aa (literally "Up Holy Day All") refers to any of a variety of fire festivals held annually in the Shetland Islands of Scotland, in the middle of winter to mark the end of the yule season.

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Vagaland

Vagaland (6 March 1909 – 30 December 1973), was a Scottish poet from Shetland.

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Vaila

Vaila (Old Norse: "Valey") is an island in Shetland, Scotland, lying south of the Westland peninsula of the Shetland Mainland.

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Valhalla Brewery

The Valhalla Brewery in Unst, Shetland, Scotland, was the northernmost brewery in the United Kingdom.

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Veensgarth

Veensgarth (Vikingsgarðr, Viking farm, or Vingarðr, Meadow Farm), is a village in the Tingwall valley west of Lerwick in Shetland.

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Vementry

Vementry (Old Norse: "Vemunðarey") is an uninhabited Scottish island in Shetland on the north side of the West Mainland, lying south of Muckle Roe.

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Vidlin

Vidlin (from Old Norse: Vaðill meaning a ford), is a small village located on Mainland Shetland, Scotland.

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Viking expansion

Viking expansion is the process by which the Vikings sailed most of the North Atlantic, reaching south to North Africa and east to Russia, Constantinople and the Middle East as looters, traders, colonists and mercenaries.

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Viking Wind Farm

Viking Wind Farm is a proposed wind farm being developed by Viking Energy, a partnership between Shetland Islands Council and SSE plc.

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Vikings

Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Walls, Shetland

Walls, known locally as Waas, (Old Norse: Vagar.

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Walter Scott

Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.

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Watt

The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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Weisdale Mill

Weisdale Mill is a watermill in the village of Weisdale, Shetland.

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West Burra

West Burra is one of the Scalloway Islands, a subgroup of the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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West Linga

West Linga is an uninhabited island located between Mainland and Whalsay in Shetland, Scotland.

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Whalsay

Whalsay (Hvalsey or Hvals-øy, meaning 'Whale Island') is the sixth largest of the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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Wheelhouse (archaeology)

In archaeology, a wheelhouse is a prehistoric structure from the Iron Age found in Scotland.

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William Douglas, 7th Earl of Morton

William Douglas, 7th Earl of Morton (1582 – 7 August 1648) was a grandson of the 6th Earl of Morton.

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William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.

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William J. Watson

William J. Watson (1865–1948) was a toponymist, one of the greatest Scottish scholars of the 20th century, and was the first scholar to place the study of Scottish place names on a firm linguistic basis.

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William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness

William Sinclair (1410–1484), 1st Earl of Caithness (1455–1476), last Earl (Jarl) of Orkney (1434–1470, -1472), Baron of Roslin, was a Norwegian and Scottish nobleman and the builder of Rosslyn Chapel, in Midlothian.

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Wind farm

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity.

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Wind hybrid power systems

Wind hybrid power systems combines wind turbines with other storage and/or generation sources.

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Wir Shetland

Wir Shetland is a pressure group demanding greater autonomy for Shetland, an archipelago of Scotland.

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Wood mouse

The wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) is a common murid rodent from Europe and northwestern Africa.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yell, Shetland

Yell is one of the North Isles of Shetland, Scotland.

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Yogh

The letter yogh (ȝogh) (Ȝ ȝ; Middle English: ȝogh) was used in Middle English and Older Scots, representing y and various velar phonemes.

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Yule

Yule or Yuletide ("Yule time") was and is a festival observed by the historical Germanic peoples.

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Z

Z (named zed or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

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ZE postcode area

The ZE postcode area, also known as the Lerwick postcode area, is a group of three postcode districts covering the Shetland Islands in Scotland.

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2005 Island Games

The 2005 Island Games were the 11th Island Games, and were held in Shetland, Scotland, from July 9 to July 15, 2005.

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Redirects here:

Burnside, Shetland, County of Shetland, County of Zetland, Hjaltland, Pawning of Shetland from Norway, Sand, Shetland Islands, Shetland (Scotland), Shetland (council area), Shetland (islands council area of Scotland), Shetland Island, Shetland Islands, Shetland Islands (council area), Shetland Islands council area, Shetland Isles, Shetland Isles council area, Shetland islands, Shetland lamb, Shetland, Scotland, Shetlanders, Shetlands, Shetlandshire, Shetland’s, The Shetlands, Yetland, Ȝetland.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shetland

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