66 relations: "Hello, World!" program, Ainu language, ASCII, ASCII Corporation, Backslash, Backward compatibility, C (programming language), CCSID, Character encoding, CJK characters, Classic Mac OS, Code page 932 (IBM), Code page 932 (Microsoft Windows), Code point, Code word, Copyright symbol, DBCS, Ellipsis, Email, Emoji, English language, Escape character, Escape sequence, Extended ASCII, Extended Unix Code, Half-width kana, Halfwidth and fullwidth forms, Hexadecimal, HTML5, International Components for Unicode, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, ISO/IEC 646, Japan, Japanese Industrial Standards, Japanese language, Japanese language and computers, Japanese yen, JIS X 0201, JIS X 0208, JIS X 0213, Katakana, KDDI, Macron (diacritic), Microsoft, MIME, Mobile phone, Mojibake, Non-breaking space, Overline, Private Use Areas, ..., Russian language, SBCS, Shift JIS, Shift JIS art, String (computer science), String literal, System 7, Tilde, Trademark symbol, Unicode, UTF-8, Variable-width encoding, WHATWG, World Wide Web Consortium, Yen sign, 8-bit clean. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
A "Hello, World!" program is a computer program that outputs or displays "Hello, World!" to a user.
Ainu (Ainu: アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
was a publishing company based in Tokyo, Japan.
The backslash (\) is a typographical mark (glyph) used mainly in computing and is the mirror image of the common slash (/).
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
CCSID is an abbreviation used by IBM to mean "Coded Character Set Identifier".
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system.
In internationalization, CJK is a collective term for the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean languages, all of which include Chinese characters and derivatives (collectively, CJK characters) in their writing systems.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
IBM code page 932 (abbreviated as IBM-932 or ambiguously as CP932) is one of IBM's extensions of Shift JIS.
Microsoft Windows code page 932 (abbreviated MS932, Windows-932 or ambiguously CP932), also called Windows-31J amongst other names (see § Terminology below), is the Microsoft Windows code page for the Japanese language, which is an extended variant of the Shift JIS Japanese character encoding.
In character encoding terminology, a code point or code position is any of the numerical values that make up the code space.
In communication, a code word is an element of a standardized code or protocol.
The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, © (a circled capital letter C for copyright), is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings (which are indicated with the ℗ symbol).
A double-byte character set (DBCS) is a character encoding in which either all characters (including control characters) are encoded in two bytes, or merely every graphic character not representable by an accompanying single-byte character set (SBCS) is encoded in two bytes (Han characters would generally comprise most of these two-byte characters).
An ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, 'omission' or 'falling short') is a series of dots (typically three, such as "…") that usually indicates an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and web pages.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In computing and telecommunication, an escape character is a character which invokes an alternative interpretation on subsequent characters in a character sequence.
An escape sequence is a series of characters used to change the state of computers and their attached peripheral devices, rather than to be displayed or printed as regular data bytes would be.
Extended ASCII (EASCII or high ASCII) character encodings are eight-bit or larger encodings that include the standard seven-bit ASCII characters, plus additional characters.
Extended Unix Code (EUC) is a multibyte character encoding system used primarily for Japanese, Korean, and simplified Chinese.
are katakana characters displayed at half their normal width (a 1:2 aspect ratio), instead of the usual square (1:1) aspect ratio.
In CJK (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) computing, graphic characters are traditionally classed into fullwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 全形; in CJK: 全角) and halfwidth (in Taiwan and Hong Kong: 半形; in CJK: 半角) characters.
In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
International Components for Unicode (ICU) is an open source project of mature C/C++ and Java libraries for Unicode support, software internationalization, and software globalization.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.
ISO/IEC 646 is the name of a set of ISO standards, described as Information technology — ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange and developed in cooperation with ASCII at least since 1964.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
In relation to the Japanese language and computers many adaptation issues arise, some unique to Japanese and others common to languages which have a very large number of characters.
The is the official currency of Japan.
JIS X 0201, a Japanese Industrial Standard developed in 1969 (then called JIS C 6220 until the JIS category reform), was the first Japanese electronic character set to become widely used.
JIS X 0208 is a 2-byte character set specified as a Japanese Industrial Standard, containing 6879 graphic characters suitable for writing text, place names, personal names, and so forth in the Japanese language.
JIS X 0213 is a Japanese Industrial Standard defining coded character sets for encoding the characters used in Japan.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
() is a Japanese telecommunications operator formed in October 1, 2000 through the merger of DDI Corp.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Mojibake (文字化け) is the garbled text that is the result of text being decoded using an unintended character encoding.
In word processing and digital typesetting, a non-breaking space (" "), also called no-break space, non-breakable space (NBSP), hard space, or fixed space, is a space character that prevents an automatic line break at its position.
An overline, overscore, or overbar, is a typographical feature of a horizontal line drawn immediately above the text.
In Unicode, a Private Use Area (PUA) is a range of code points that, by definition, will not be assigned characters by the Unicode Consortium.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
SBCS, or Single Byte Character Set, is used to refer to character encodings that use exactly one byte for each graphic character.
--> Shift JIS (Shift Japanese Industrial Standards, also SJIS, MIME name Shift_JIS) is a character encoding for the Japanese language, originally developed by a Japanese company called ASCII Corporation in conjunction with Microsoft and standardized as JIS X 0208 Appendix 1.
Shift_JIS art is artwork created from characters within the Shift JIS character set, a Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) superset of JIS X 0201 (in turn almost a superset of ASCII) intended for Japanese usage.
In computer programming, a string is traditionally a sequence of characters, either as a literal constant or as some kind of variable.
A string literal or anonymous string is a type of literal in programming for the representation of a string value within the source code of a computer program.
System 7 (codenamed "Big Bang" and sometimes retrospectively called Mac OS 7) is a graphical user interface-based operating system for Macintosh computers and is part of the classic Mac OS series of operating systems.
The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary or; ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
The trademark symbol (™), in Unicode, \texttrademark in LaTeX, is a symbol to indicate that the preceding mark is a trademark.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
UTF-8 is a variable width character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points in Unicode using one to four 8-bit bytes.
A variable-width encoding is a type of character encoding scheme in which codes of differing lengths are used to encode a character set (a repertoire of symbols) for representation in a computer.
The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) is a community of people interested in evolving HTML and related technologies.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
The yen sign (¥) or the yuan sign (¥/元) is a currency sign used by the Chinese yuan (CNY) and the Japanese yen (JPY) currencies.
8-bit clean describes a computer system that correctly handles 8-bit character encodings, such as the ISO 8859 series and the UTF-8 encoding of Unicode.
Code page 10001, CsShiftJIS, JA16SJIS, JIS X 0208 Appendix 1, MS Kanji, MacJapanese, SHIFT-JIS, SJIS (character encoding), Shift JIS-2004, Shift Japanese Industrial Standards, Shift jis, Shift-JIS, Shift-jis, Shiftjis, X-sjis.