82 relations: Air suspension, Aircraft, Arrol-Johnston, ASTM International, Auto racing, Automobile handling, Base isolation, Bending, Betagel, Brake, Brooklands, Buffer, Buffer (rail transport), Buffer stop, Bushing (isolator), Cavitation, Chapman strut, Citroën, Citroën 2CV, Coil spring, Compression (physics), Cushioning, Damped wave, Damper, Damping ratio, Dashpot, Drag racing, Elasticity (physics), Electromagnet, Electromagnetism, Electrorheological fluid, Fluid, Ford Model A (1927–31), Ford Model T, Friction, Friction disk shock absorber, Granularity, Height adjustable suspension, Hydraulic cylinder, Hydraulic fluid, Hydraulic machinery, Hydraulics, Hydropneumatic suspension, Hysteresis, Impact (mechanics), Inertia, Kinetic energy, Leaf spring, Leather, Lever arm shock absorber, ..., MacPherson strut, Magnetorheological damper, Mors (automobile), Multimatic, Natural rubber, Nickel titanium, Nitrogen, Oleo strut, Packaging and labeling, Pneumatic cylinder, Pneumatics, Pounds per square inch, Ride quality, Robert Bosch GmbH, Self-levelling suspension, Shock (mechanics), Shock mount, Shock response spectrum, Spring (device), Steel, Stretching, Strut, Strut bar, Thermal energy, ThyssenKrupp, Torsion bar suspension, Torsion spring, Tuned mass damper, Unsprung mass, Vibration, Vibration isolation, World War I. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Air suspension is a type of vehicle suspension powered by an electric or engine-driven air pump or compressor.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
Arrol-Johnston (later known as Arrol-Aster) was an early Scottish manufacturer of automobiles, which operated from 1896 to 1931 and produced the first automobile manufactured in Britain.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
Automobile handling and vehicle handling are descriptions of the way a wheeled vehicle responds and reacts to the inputs of a driver, as well as how it moves along a track or road.
Base isolation, also known as seismic base isolation or base isolation system, is one of the most popular means of protecting a structure against earthquake forces.
In applied mechanics, bending (also known as flexure) characterizes the behavior of a slender structural element subjected to an external load applied perpendicularly to a longitudinal axis of the element.
Betagel (βゲル in Japanese) is a high-tech Japanese invention.
A brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
Buffer may refer to.
A buffer is a part of the buffers-and-chain coupling system used on the railway systems of many countries, among them most of those in Europe, for attaching railway vehicles to one another.
A buffer stop, bumper, bumping post, bumper block or stopblock (US), is a device to prevent railway vehicles from going past the end of a physical section of track.
A bushing or rubber bushing is a type of vibration isolator.
Cavitation is the formation of vapour cavities in a liquid, small liquid-free zones ("bubbles" or "voids"), that are the consequence of forces acting upon the liquid.
The Chapman strut is a design of independent rear suspension used for light cars, particularly sports and racing cars.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".
A coil spring, also known as a helical spring, is a mechanical device which is typically used to store energy and subsequently release it, to absorb shock, or to maintain a force between contacting surfaces.
In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.
Package cushioning is used to help protect fragile items during shipment.
A damped wave is a wave whose amplitude of oscillation decreases with time, eventually going to zero, an exponentially decaying sinusoidal wave.
A damper is a device that deadens, restrains, or depresses.
Damping is an influence within or upon an oscillatory system that has the effect of reducing, restricting or preventing its oscillations.
A dashpot is a mechanical device, a damper which resists motion via viscous friction.
For the drag queen reality competition program, see RuPaul's Drag Race. Drag racing is a type of motor racing in which automobiles or motorcycles (usually specially prepared for the purpose) compete, usually two at a time, to be first to cross a set finish line.
In physics, elasticity (from Greek ἐλαστός "ductible") is the ability of a body to resist a distorting influence and to return to its original size and shape when that influence or force is removed.
An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by an electric current.
Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.
Electrorheological (ER) fluids are suspensions of extremely fine non-conducting but electrically active particles (up to 50 micrometres diameter) in an electrically insulating fluid.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
The Ford Model A (also colloquially called the A-Model Ford or the A, and A-bone among rodders and customizers), was the second huge success for the Ford Motor Company, after its predecessor, the Model T. First produced on October 20, 1927, but not sold until December 2, it replaced the venerable Model T, which had been produced for 18 years.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
Friction disk shock absorbers or André Hartford dampers were an early form of shock absorber or damper used for car suspension.
Granularity (also called graininess), the condition of existing in grains or granules, refers to the extent to which a material or system is composed of distinguishable pieces or grains.
Height adjustable suspension is a feature of certain automobile suspension systems that allow the motorist to vary the ride height or ground clearance.
A hydraulic cylinder (also called a linear hydraulic motor) is a mechanical actuator that is used to give a unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke.
A hydraulic fluid or hydraulic liquid is the medium by which power is transferred in hydraulic machinery.
Hydraulic machines are machinery and tools that use liquid fluid power to do simple work.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
Hydropneumatic suspension is a type of motor vehicle suspension system, designed by Paul Magès, invented by Citroën, and fitted to Citroën cars, as well as being used under licence by other car manufacturers, notably Rolls-Royce (Silver Shadow), Maserati (Quattroporte II) and Peugeot.
Hysteresis is the dependence of the state of a system on its history.
In mechanics, an impact is a high force or shock applied over a short time period when two or more bodies collide.
Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
A leaf spring is a simple form of spring commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Lever arm shock absorbers were the first form of hydraulic shock absorber or damper used for car suspension.
The MacPherson strut is a type of automotive suspension system that uses the top of a telescopic damper as the upper steering pivot.
A magnetorheological damper or magnetorheological shock absorber is a damper filled with magnetorheological fluid, which is controlled by a magnetic field, usually using an electromagnet.
The Mors automobile factory was an early French car manufacturer.
Multimatic Inc. is a privately held Canadian corporation supplying engineered components, systems and services to the global automotive industry.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Nickel titanium, also known as Nitinol (part of shape memory alloy), is a metal alloy of nickel and titanium, where the two elements are present in roughly equal atomic percentages e.g. Nitinol 55, Nitinol 60.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
An oleo strut is a pneumatic air–oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.
Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
Pneumatic cylinder(s) (sometimes known as air cylinders) are mechanical devices which use the power of compressed gas to produce a force in a reciprocating linear motion.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
Ride quality refers to a vehicle's effectiveness in insulating the occupants from undulations in the road surface (eg bumps or corrugations).
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
Self-levelling refers to an automobile suspension system that maintains a constant ride height of the vehicle above the road, regardless of load.
A mechanical or physical shock is a sudden acceleration caused, for example, by impact, drop, kick, earthquake, or explosion.
In a variety of applications, a shock mount or isolation mount is a mechanical fastener that connects two parts elastically.
A Shock Response Spectrum (SRS) is a graphical representation of a shock, or any other transient acceleration input, in terms of how a Single Degree Of Freedom (SDOF) system (like a mass on a spring) would respond to that input.
A spring is an elastic object that stores mechanical energy.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone.
A strut is a structural component commonly found in engineering, aeronautics, architecture and anatomy.
A strut bar, strut brace, or strut tower brace (STB) is an automotive suspension accessory usually used in conjunction with MacPherson struts on monocoque or unibody chassis to provide extra stiffness between the strut towers.
Thermal energy is a term used loosely as a synonym for more rigorously-defined thermodynamic quantities such as the internal energy of a system; heat or sensible heat, which are defined as types of transfer of energy (as is work); or for the characteristic energy of a degree of freedom in a thermal system kT, where T is temperature and k is the Boltzmann constant.
thyssenkrupp AG is a German multinational conglomerate with focus on industrial engineering and steel production.
A front VW Beetle suspension cross-section A torsion bar suspension, also known as a torsion spring suspension (not to be confused with a torsion beam rear suspension), is a general term for any vehicle suspension that uses a torsion bar as its main weight-bearing spring.
A torsion spring is a spring that works by torsion or twisting; that is, a flexible elastic object that stores mechanical energy when it is twisted.
A tuned mass damper, also known as a harmonic absorber or seismic damper, is a device mounted in structures to reduce the amplitude of mechanical vibrations.
In a ground vehicle with a suspension, the unsprung mass (or the unsprung weight) is the mass of the suspension, wheels or tracks (as applicable), and other components directly connected to them, rather than supported by the suspension (the mass of the body and other components supported by the suspension is the sprung mass).
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
Vibration isolation is the process of isolating an object, such as a piece of equipment, from the source of vibrations.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.