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Shona language

Index Shona language

Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe. [1]

58 relations: Affricate consonant, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Atlantic–Congo languages, Bantoid languages, Bantu languages, Benue–Congo languages, Bilabial consonant, Chirikure Chirikure, Clement Martyn Doke, Dental clicks, Dialect continuum, Dictionary, First language, Fricative consonant, Glottal consonant, Grammar, Great Zimbabwe, Harare, Hazel Carter (linguist), Hiatus (linguistics), International uniformity of braille alphabets, JSTOR, Kalanga language, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Labial consonant, Latin script, Limpopo, Lyrikline.org, Malcolm Guthrie, Manyika dialect, Mashonaland, Masvingo, Milky Way, Morgan Tsvangirai, Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai, Nasal consonant, Ndau dialect, Orthography, Palatal consonant, S with swash tail, Shona language, Shona languages, Shona people, Sibilant, SOAS, University of London, Solomon Mutswairo, Southern Bantoid languages, Stop consonant, Syllable, ..., Trill consonant, Velar consonant, Venda language, Vowel, Whistled language, Z with swash tail, Zimbabwe, Zulu language. Expand index (8 more) »

Affricate consonant

An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).

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Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

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Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

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Atlantic–Congo languages

The Atlantic–Congo languages are a major division constituting the core of the Niger–Congo language family of Africa, characterised by the noun class systems typical of the family.

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Bantoid languages

Bantoid is a putative major division of the Benue–Congo branch of the Niger–Congo language family.

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Bantu languages

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Benue–Congo languages

Benue–Congo (sometimes called East Benue–Congo) is a major subdivision of the Niger–Congo language family which covers most of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

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Chirikure Chirikure

Chirikure Chirikure (born 1962 in Gutu, Zimbabwe) is a Zimbabwean poet, songwriter, and writer.

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Clement Martyn Doke

Clement Martyn Doke (16 May 1893 in Bristol, United Kingdom – 24 February 1980 in East London, South Africa) was a South African linguist working mainly on African languages.

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Dental clicks

Dental (or more precisely denti-alveolar) clicks are a family of click consonants found, as constituents of words, only in Africa and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia.

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Dialect continuum

A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.

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A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

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Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

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In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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Great Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe is a medieval city in the south-eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe and the town of Masvingo.

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Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.

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Hazel Carter (linguist)

(Joan) Hazel Carter (22 February 1928 – 3 August 2016) was a British-American Linguist, known in particular for her work on the Bantu languages, Shona, Kongo and Tonga.

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Hiatus (linguistics)

In phonology, hiatus or diaeresis refers to two vowel sounds occurring in adjacent syllables, with no intervening consonant.

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International uniformity of braille alphabets

The goal of braille uniformity is to unify the braille alphabets of the world as much as possible, so that literacy in one braille alphabet readily transfers to another.

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JSTOR (short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995.

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Kalanga language

Kalanga, or TjiKalanga (in Zimbabwe), is a Bantu language spoken by the Kalanga people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Kingdom of Mapungubwe

The Kingdom of Mapungubwe (1075–1220) was a pre-colonial state in Southern Africa located at the confluence of the Shashe and Limpopo rivers, south of Great Zimbabwe.

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Labial consonant

Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.

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Latin script

Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.

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Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa.

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lyrikline.org hosts contemporary international poetry as audio (read by the authors) and text (original versions & translations), plus bibliographies and biographies for each poet.

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Malcolm Guthrie

Malcolm Guthrie (10 February 1903 – 22 November 1972) was a professor of Bantu languages at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London and is known primarily for his classification of Bantu languages (Guthrie 1971).

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Manyika dialect

Manyika is a dialect of the Shona language largely spoken by the Manyika people in the eastern part of Zimbabwe and across the border in Mozambique.

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Mashonaland is a region in northern Zimbabwe.

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Masvingo (before 1982 known as Fort Victoria) is a city in south-eastern Zimbabwe and the capital of Masvingo Province.

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Milky Way

The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

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Morgan Tsvangirai

Morgan Richard Tsvangirai (10 March 1952 – 14 February 2018) was a Zimbabwean politician who was Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2013.

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Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai

The Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai (MDC–T) is a political party and currently the main opposition party in the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe ahead of the 2018 elections.

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Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

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Ndau dialect

Ndau (also called chiNdau, Chindau, Ndzawu, Njao, Sofala, Southeast Shona, Chidanda) is a Bantu language spoken by 1,400,000 people in central Mozambique and southeastern Zimbabwe.

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An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.

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Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

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S with swash tail

Ȿ (lowercase: ȿ) is a Latin letter s with a "swash tail" (encoded by Unicode, at codepoints U+2C7E for uppercase and U+023F for lowercase) that was used as a phonetic symbol by linguists studying African languages to represent the sound.

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Shona language

Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.

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Shona languages

The Shona languages are a clade of Bantu languages coded Zone S.10 in Guthrie's classification.

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Shona people

The Shona are a group of Bantu ethnic group native to Zimbabwe and neighbouring countries.

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Sibilance is an acoustic characteristic of fricative and affricate consonants of higher amplitude and pitch, made by directing a stream of air with the tongue towards the sharp edge of the teeth, which are held close together; a consonant that uses sibilance may be called a sibilant.

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SOAS, University of London

SOAS University of London (the School of Oriental and African Studies), is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Solomon Mutswairo

Solomon Mangwiro Mutswairo also spelt Mutsvairo, (April 26, 1924 - November 2005) was a Zimbabwean novelist and poet.

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Southern Bantoid languages

Southern Bantoid (or South Bantoid), also known as Wide Bantu or Bin, is a branch of the Benue–Congo languages of the Niger–Congo language family.

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Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

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A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.

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Trill consonant

In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.

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Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

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Venda language

Venda, also known as Tshivenḓa or Luvenḓa, is a Bantu language and an official language of South Africa.

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A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.

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Whistled language

Whistled languages use whistling to emulate speech and facilitate communication.

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Z with swash tail

Ɀ (lowercase: ɀ) is a Latin letter z with a "swash tail" (encoded by Unicode, at codepoints U+2C7F for uppercase and U+0240 for lowercase) was used as a phonetic symbol by linguists studying African languages to represent a voiced labio-alveolar fricative.

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Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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Zulu language

Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.

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Redirects here:

ChiShona, Chishona, Cishona, Gova language, ISO 639:sn, ISO 639:sna, ISO 639:twl, Karanga dialect, Karanga language (Bantu), Karanga language (Zimbabwe), Korekore dialect, Korekore language, Mashona, Shona Language, Shona alphabet, Tawara language, Zezuru, Zezuru dialect, Zezuru language, Zimbabwese language.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shona_language

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