292 relations: Accuracy and precision, ActionAirgun, Aerodynamics, Air gun, Airsoft, Airsoft gun, Airsoft pellets, American Civil War, American Legion, Amtgard, Angular diameter, Antique, Archery, Arendal, Arrow, Ashley, Indiana, Atlantic City, New Jersey, Battle gaming, Belegarth Medieval Combat Society, Benchrest shooting, Biathlon, Biathlon World Cup, Blank (cartridge), Bolt action, Bow and arrow, Bowling pin shooting, Boy Scouts of America, Break action, Bullseye shooting, Caliber, Camp Perry, Capture the flag, Carton, Chicago, Chronograph, Civilian Marksmanship Program, Clay pigeon shooting, Cleveland, Colt AR-15, Combat Archery, Compak Sporting, Competition, Cover (military), Cowboy action shooting, Cowboy mounted shooting, Creedmoor Rifle Range, Cross-country skiing (sport), Crossbow, Dagorhir, Dallas, ..., Danish Gymnastics and Sports Associations, Darkon Wargaming Club, Deer, Dodgeball, Down-The-Line, Drexel University, Dunblane massacre, Dye, External ballistics, Fast draw, Fédération Internationale de Tir aux Armes Sportives de Chasse, Field archery, Field rapid shooting, Field shooting, Field target, Firearm, Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1997, Firearms policy in the United Kingdom, Five stand, Foam, Foam weapon, Fox College Sports, Fox Sports Networks, France, Freediving, Fruit, Fullbore target rifle, Gallery Rifle Shooting, Gelatin, Germany, Gun, Gun barrel, Gunfighter, Handgun, Handgun holster, High power rifle, Historical reenactment, Hong Kong, Honor system, Hop-up (airsoft), Horse, Hunting, Illinois State University, Impact (mechanics), Infrared, Intermediate cartridge, International Confederation of Fullbore Rifle Associations, International Confederation of Revolver Enthusiasts, International Defensive Pistol Association, International Military Sports Council, International Paralympic Committee, International Practical Shooting Confederation, International Shooting Sport Federation, IPSC Action Air, ISSF 10 meter air pistol, ISSF 10 meter air rifle, ISSF 10 meter running target, ISSF 10 meter running target mixed, ISSF 25 meter rapid fire pistol, ISSF 300 meter rifle three positions, ISSF 300 meter standard rifle, ISSF 50 meter pistol, ISSF 50 meter rifle prone, ISSF 50 meter running target, ISSF 50 meter running target mixed, ISSF shooting events, J. 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Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability.
ActionAirgun is a commercial action shooting sports game where competitors use standardized airsoft shooting kits to shoot special courses of fire and keep track of their scores online.
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
An air gun (or airgun) is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which relies on an exothermic chemical oxidation (deflagration) of combustible propellants to generate propulsive energy.
Airsoft is a competitive team sport in which participants shoot opponents with spherical plastic BBs launched via replica weapons called airsoft guns.
Airsoft guns are replica weapons used in airsoft sports.
Airsoft pellets are spherical projectiles used by airsoft guns.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Legion is a U.S. war veterans organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Amtgard is a battle gaming and live-action fantasy roleplaying and boffer combat game with chapters primarily based in the United States and Canada as well as Germany, Croatia, and South Korea.
The angular diameter, angular size, apparent diameter, or apparent size is an angular measurement describing how large a sphere or circle appears from a given point of view.
A true antique (antiquus; "old", "ancient") is an item perceived as having value because of its aesthetic or historical significance, and often defined as at least 100 years old (or some other limit), although the term is often used loosely to describe any objects that are old.
Archery is the art, sport, practice or skill of using a bow to shoot arrows.
Arendal is a municipality in the county of Aust-Agder in southeastern Norway.
An arrow is a fin-stabilized projectile that is launched via a bow, and usually consists of a long straight stiff shaft with stabilizers called fletchings, as well as a weighty (and usually sharp and pointed) arrowhead attached to the front end, and a slot at the rear end called nock for engaging bowstring.
Ashley is a town in Indiana located on the border of Smithfield Township, DeKalb County and Steuben Township, Steuben County.
Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, known for its casinos, boardwalk, and beaches.
Battle gaming is a North American medieval combat sport where participants use mock foam-padded weapons (boffer) in live action battles.
Belegarth Medieval Combat Society is a full contact battle game where foam weapons are used in order to prevent serious physical injury to participants.
Benchrest shooting is a shooting sport in which very accurate and precise rifles are shot at paper targets.
The biathlon is a winter sport that combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.
The Biathlon World Cup is a top-level biathlon season-long competition series.
A blank is a type of cartridge for a firearm that contains gunpowder but no bullet or shot.
Bolt action is a type of firearm action where the handling of cartridges into and out of the weapon's barrel chamber are operated by manually manipulating the bolt directly via a handle, which is most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon (as most users are right-handed).
The bow and arrow is a ranged weapon system consisting of an elastic launching device (bow) and long-shafted projectiles (arrows).
Bowling pin shooting is a shooting sport (primarily for handguns) in which the competitors race against one another to knock standard bowling pins from a table in the shortest elapsed time.
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations in the United States of America and one of the largest youth organizations in the United States, with more than 2.4 million youth participants and nearly one million adult volunteers.
Break action is a type of firearm action in which the barrel or barrels are hinged much like a door and rotate perpendicularly to the bore axis to expose the breech and allow loading and unloading of cartridges.
Bullseye shooting is a term used to describe shooting sport disciplines where the objective is to score points by hitting a round shooting target as close to the center as possible with slow precision fire, and the name of the competition comes from the center of the target sometimes being referred to as "the bull's-eye".
In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.
Camp Perry is a National Guard training facility located on the shore of Lake Erie in northern Ohio near Port Clinton.
Capture the flag (CTF) is a traditional outdoor game where two teams each have a flag (or other marker) and the objective is to capture the other team's flag, located at the team's "base," and bring it safely back to their own base.
A carton is a box or container usually made of paperboard and sometimes of corrugated fiberboard.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
A chronograph is a specific type of watch that is used as a stopwatch combined with a display watch.
The Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP) is a U.S. government-chartered program that promotes firearm safety training and rifle practice for all qualified U.S. citizens with special emphasis on youth.
Clay pigeon shooting, also known as clay target shooting, and formally known as Inanimate Bird Shooting, is the art of shooting a firearm at special flying targets, known as clay pigeons or clay targets.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Colt AR-15 is a lightweight, 5.56×45mm, magazine-fed, gas-operated semi-automatic rifle.
Combat Archery is sometimes also known as Archery Tag due to the company called Archery Tag which supplies equipment for the sport.
Compak Sporting is a form of clay pigeon shooting, similar to sporting clays but taking place in a smaller area.
Competition is, in general, a contest or rivalry between two or more entities, organisms, animals, individuals, economic groups or social groups, etc., for territory, a niche, for scarce resources, goods, for mates, for prestige, recognition, for awards, for group or social status, or for leadership and profit.
In military combat, the concept of cover refers to anything which is capable of physically protecting an individual from enemy fire.
Cowboy action shooting (CAS, also known as western action shooting, single action shooting, or cowboy 3-gun) is a competitive shooting sport that originated in Southern California in the early 1980s.
Cowboy mounted shooting (also called western mounted shooting and mounted shooting) is a competitive equestrian sport involving the riding of a horse to negotiate a shooting pattern.
Creedmoor Rifle Range was sited on Long Island in what is now Queens Village, Queens, New York.
The sport of cross-country skiing encompasses a variety of formats for cross-country skiing races over courses of varying lengths according to rules sanctioned by the International Ski Federation and by various national organizations, such as the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA) and Cross Country Ski Canada.
A crossbow is a type of ranged weapon based on the bow and consisting of a horizontal bow-like assembly mounted on a frame which is handheld in a similar fashion to the stock of a gun.
Dagorhir Battle Games is a live action role-playing game (battle game) with full-contact melee fighting and ranged combat as its primary focus.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Danske Gymnastik- & Idrætsforeninger (DGI, literally Danish Gymnastics and Sports Associations) is a Danish association of sports clubs which includes 6,300 local sports clubs and 1.5 million athletes.
The Darkon Wargaming Club is a non-profit battle gaming and live-action role-playing (LARP) club in the United States based in the Baltimore/Washington/Virginia area.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
Dodgeball is one of the main sports in the sports world in which players on two teams with 10 or 11 players throw dodgeballs at each other to get the people on the other team out.
Down-the-line (DTL) clay pigeon shooting is a variation of trap shooting which is very popular in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Canada, France the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Drexel University is a private research university with its main campus located in the University City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Dunblane school massacre took place at Dunblane Primary School near Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland, on 13 March 1996, when Thomas Hamilton shot 16 children and one teacher dead before killing himself.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
External ballistics or exterior ballistics is the part of ballistics that deals with the behavior of a projectile in flight.
Fast draw, also known as quick draw, is the ability to quickly draw a pistol and fire it accurately on a target.
Fédération Internationale de Tir aux Armes Sportives de Chasse (FITASC) is a type of shotgun sport shooting, specifically Clay pigeon shooting similar to sporting clays, trap and skeet.
Field archery involves shooting at targets of varying and often unmarked distance, typically in woodland and rough terrain.
Felthurtigskyting, literally Field-Rapid-Shooting, is a practical rifle competition popular in Scandinavia, where the shooter has to engange three different targets placed at different distances with one shot each in the shortest time possible.
Field-Shooting or Terrain-Shooting (Danish: terrænskydning, Norwegian: feltskyting, Swedish: fältskytte) refer to a set of pistol and rifle shooting sport disciplines that usually are shot from temporary shooting ranges in the terrain at varying (and sometimes unknown) distances, rather than at permanent shooting ranges at fixed distances.
Field target is an outdoor air gun discipline originated by the National Air Rifle and Pistol Association in the United Kingdom in 1980.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
The Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1997 was the second of two Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1997 that amended the regulation of firearms within the United Kingdom.
In the United Kingdom, access by the general public to firearms is tightly controlled by law which is much more restrictive than the minimum rules required by the European Firearms Directive, but it is less restrictive in Northern Ireland.
Five Stand is a type of shotgun sport shooting similar to sporting clays, trap and skeet.
Foam is a substance formed by trapping pockets of gas in a liquid or solid.
A foam weapon, also known as a boffer, padded weapon, or latex weapon, is a padded mock weapon used for simulated handheld combat.
Fox College Sports is a group of three United States digital cable networks, FCS Atlantic, FCS Central, and FCS Pacific owned by 21st Century Fox, that specialize primarily in showing collegiate programming, live events, coaches shows & various DI, DII, & DIII content surrounding college athletics.
Fox Sports Networks (FSN; formerly known as Fox Sports Net & simply FSN), is the collective name for a group of regional sports networks in the United States that are primarily owned and operated by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freediving, free-diving, free diving, breath-hold diving, or skin diving is a form of underwater diving that relies on breath-holding until resurfacing rather than the use of breathing apparatus such as scuba gear.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fullbore target rifle (TR) is a distinctively British and Commonwealth of Nations shooting discipline that evolved from Service rifle (SR) shooting in the late 1860s, and is governed in the UK by the rules of the National Rifle Association, UK (NRA).
Gallery Rifle Shooting or Gallery Rifle and Pistol shooting is a popular shooting sport throughout the world.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A gun is a tubular ranged weapon typically designed to pneumatically discharge projectiles that are solid (most guns) but can also be liquid (as in water guns/cannons and projected water disruptors) or even charged particles (as in a plasma gun) and may be free-flying (as with bullets and artillery shells) or tethered (as with Taser guns, spearguns and harpoon guns).
A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.
Gunslinger and gunfighter are literary words used historically to refer to men in the American Old West who had gained a reputation of being dangerous with a gun and had participated in gunfights and shootouts.
A handgun is a short-barreled firearm designed to be fired with only one hand.
A handgun holster is a device used to hold or restrict the undesired movement of a handgun, most commonly in a location where it can be easily withdrawn for immediate use.
High Power Rifle, also called XTC from "Across the Course", is a shooting sport using fullbore target rifles which is arranged in the United States by the National Rifle Association of America.
Historical reenactment (or re-enactment) is an educational or entertainment activity in which people follow a plan to recreate aspects of a historical event or period.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
An honor system or honesty system is a philosophical way of running a variety of endeavors based on trust, honor, and honesty.
Hop-up is the back-spin put on airsoft pellets and BBs to increase their range via the Magnus effect.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Illinois State University (ISU) is a public university in Normal, Illinois.
In mechanics, an impact is a high force or shock applied over a short time period when two or more bodies collide.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
An intermediate cartridge is a rifle/carbine cartridge that is less powerful than typical full-power battle rifle cartridges (such as the.303 British, 7.62×54mmR, 7.92×57mm Mauser,.30-06 Springfield or 7.62×51mm NATO), but still has significantly longer effective range than pistol/personal defense weapon cartridges.
The International Confederation of Fullbore Rifle Associations (ICFRA) is the international association for the fullbore target rifle shooting sports of Palma and F-Class, which are long range competitions shot at distances between 300 and 900 meters or 300 to 1,000 yards depending on the range.
The International Confederation of Revolver Enthusiasts (ICORE) is an international community which promotes action shooting competitions with revolvers.
The International Defensive Pistol Association (IDPA), founded in 1996, is an organization based in Berryville, Arkansas, that has created a shooting sport based on defensive pistol techniques, using equipment including full-charge service ammunition to solve simulated "real world" self-defense scenarios.
The International Military Sports Council (IMSC) or Conseil International du Sport Militaire (CISM), established 1948, is one of the largest multidisciplinary organisations in the world.
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC; Internationales Paralympisches Komitee) is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement.
The International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC) is the world's second largest shooting sport association and the largest and oldest within practical shooting.
The International Shooting Sport Federation, also known with the acronym ISSF, is the governing body of the Olympic Shooting events in Rifle, Pistol and Shotgun disciplines, and of several non-Olympic Shooting sport events.
Action Air is an airsoft shooting sport based on practical shooting under the International Practical Shooting Confederation.
The 10 metre air pistol is an Olympic shooting event governed by the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF).
10 meter air rifle is an International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF) shooting event, shot over a distance of from a standing position with a calibre air rifle with a maximum weight of.
10 meter running target is one of the ISSF shooting events, shot with an airgun at a target that moves sideways.
10 metre running target mixed is one of the ISSF shooting events, in which one shoots an airgun at a target that moves sideways.
25 metre rapid fire pistol is one of the ISSF shooting events and is shot with.22 LR pistols.
300 metre rifle three positions is an ISSF shooting event, involving shooting 40 shots each from the prone, the standing and the kneeling positions.
300 metre standard rifle is one of the ISSF shooting events.
The 50 meter pistol, formerly and unofficially still often called free pistol, is one of the ISSF shooting events.
50 metre rifle prone is an International Shooting Sport Federation event consisting of 60 shots from the prone position with a.22 Long Rifle (5.6 mm) caliber rifle.
50 metre running target or 50 metre running boar is an ISSF shooting event, shot with a.22-calibre rifle at a target depicting a boar moving sideways across a 10 metre wide opening.
50 metre running target mixed is an ISSF shooting event, shot with a.22-calibre rifle at a target depicting a boar moving sideways across a 10 metre wide opening.
The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) is a federal program sponsored by the United States Armed Forces in high schools and also in some middle schools across the United States and United States military bases across the world.
Katniss Everdeen is a fictional character and the protagonist of The Hunger Games trilogy by Suzanne Collins.
The Krkonoše (Czech), Karkonosze (Polish), Riesengebirge (German), Riesageberge (Silesian German) or Giant Mountains, are a mountain range located in the north of the Czech Republic and the south-west of Poland, part of the Sudetes mountain system (part of the Bohemian Massif).
Landshut (Landsad) is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany.
Landsskytterstevnet it is the Norwegian national rifle championship for all the disciplines within Det frivillige Skyttervesen, and is one of Norway's largest annual sporting events.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Laser safety is the safe design, use and implementation of lasers to minimize the risk of laser accidents, especially those involving eye injuries.
Laser tag is a tag game played with guns which fire infrared beams.
Most shooting ranges in Norway are available to the public.
This is a list of national and international shooting sports organizations who promote sport shooting to civilian sport shooters, hunters, police, military and/or military reservists.
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.
A long gun is a category of firearms with longer barrels than other classes.
Long range shooting is a collective term for shooting disciplines where the shooter has to engage targets at such long distances that he has to calculate ballistics, especially in regards to wind.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The M1 GarandOfficially designated as U.S. rifle, caliber.30, M1, later simply called Rifle, Caliber.30, M1, also called US Rifle, Cal.
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.Kern, Danford Allan (2006).. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, KansasKokalis, Peter G.. Nodakspud.com The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam War. In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47..Urdang, p. 801. The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine. In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector. Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series.Weapons of the Modern Marines, by Michael Green, MBI Publishing Company, 2004, page 16 It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices. The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its 5.56 mm caliber. The U.S. Military has largely replaced the M16 in combat units with a shorter and lighter version named the M4 carbine.
Match Crossbow is a target shooting sport using crossbows.
Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Melee (or, French: mêlée) or pell-mell battle generally refers to disorganized close combat in battles fought at abnormally close range with little central control once it starts.
Metallic silhouette shooting is a group of target shooting disciplines that involves shooting at steel targets representing game animals at varying distances, seeking to knock the metal target over.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy.
Military patrol was a team winter sport in which athletes competed in cross-country skiing, ski mountaineering and rifle shooting.
Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.
A milliradian, often called a mil or mrad, is an SI derived unit for angular measurement which is defined as a thousandth of a radian (0.001 radian).
MilSim is an abbreviation of military simulation, and refers to armed confrontation scenarios conducted by civilians for entertainment purposes.
A minute of arc, arcminute (arcmin), arc minute, or minute arc is a unit of angular measurement equal to of one degree.
The modern pentathlon is an Olympic sport that comprises five different events; fencing (one-touch épée), freestyle swimming (200m), equestrian show jumping (15 jumps), and a final combined event of pistol shooting and cross country running (3200m).
The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer family.
Multi Gun, often called 2-Gun or 3-Gun depending on the types of firearms used, are practical shooting events where each of the stages require the competitor to use and transition between a combination of rifles, handguns, and/ or shotguns or other types of firearms.
Muzzleloading is the shooting sport of firing muzzleloading guns.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
The National Guard Bureau is the federal instrument responsible for the administration of the United States National Guard established by the United States Congress as a joint bureau of the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force.
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights.
Det frivillige Skyttervesen (DFS) (literally the Norwegian Voluntary Shooting Association) is the National Rifle Association of Norway and the largest shooting sport organization in Norway.
The National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom (NRA) is the governing body of full bore rifle and pistol shooting sports in the United Kingdom.
The National Collegiate Paintball Association is an all-volunteer, non-profit organization created by college players for college players.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Norges Skytterforbund (NSF), literally the Norwegian Shooting Association, is a Norwegian umbrella organization for shooting sports, and is internationally affiliated with the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF), Fédération Internationale de Tir aux Armes Sportives de Chasse (FITASC) and Precision Pistol Competition (WA1500).
NRA Precision Pistol, formerly known as NRA Conventional Pistol, is a national bullseye shooting discipline organized in the United States by NRA.
The NXL (National Xball League) is the United States' professional paintball circuit.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Ole Einar Bjørndalen (born 27 January 1974) is a retired Norwegian professional biathlete, often referred to by the nickname, the "King of Biathlon".
Olympic sports are sports that are contested in the Summer Olympic Games and Winter Olympic Games.
Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County.
Paintball is a competitive team shooting sport in which players eliminate opponents from play by hitting them with spherical dye-filled gelatin capsules ("paintballs") that break upon impact.
A paintball marker, also known as a paintball gun, paint gun, or marker, is the main piece of paintball equipment in the sport of paintball.
Paralympic Shooting classification is the shooting classification in place for the Paralympic Games to help establish fair competition.
The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.
Paralympic shooting, also known as shooting Para sport, is an adaptation of shooting sports for competitors with disabilities.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Plinking refers to informal target shooting done for pleasure typically at non-standard targets such as tin cans, logs, soda bottles, or any other homemade or naturally occurring target.
Practical shooting, also known as dynamic shooting or action shooting, is a set of shooting sports where the competitors are trying to unite the three principles of precision, power and speed, by using a firearm of a certain minimum power (caliber) to score as many points as possible during the shortest amount of time (or sometimes within a set maximum time).
Precision Pistol Competition (PPC), originally and still known as Police Pistol Combat in North America, is a shooting sport focusing on precision shooting from a variety of stances (standing, kneeling, sitting and prone) at varying distances (3, 7, 15, 25 and 50 meters or yards), including shooting from behind an obstacle.
The Precision Rifle Series (PRS) is a precision rifle based shooting sport derived from practical shooting.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
Project Appleseed is a rifle marksmanship clinic that focuses on teaching traditional rifle marksmanship from standing, sitting/kneeling, and prone positions over a two-day weekend shooting clinic for what is termed an "Appleseed".
A projectile is any object thrown into space (empty or not) by the exertion of a force.
Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the flagship campus of the Purdue University system.
A ranged weapon is any weapon that can engage targets beyond hand-to-hand distance, i.e. at distances greater than the physical reach of the weapon itself.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
A recurve bow is a bow with limbs that curve away from the archer when unstrung.
The Remington XP-100 (from eXperimental Pistol number 100) is a bolt-action pistol produced by Remington Arms from 1963 to 1998.
A replica is an exact reproduction, such as of a painting, as it was executed by the original artist or a copy or reproduction, especially one on a scale smaller than the original.
The Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) are a group of college and university-based officer training programs for training commissioned officers of the United States Armed Forces.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
Ricardo López (born 24 May 1977) is a three time IPSC revolver World Champion (2008, 2011, 2014) from Ecuador.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.
Rimfire may refer to.
Role-playing is the changing of one's behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role.
Run archery is a shooting discipline connecting archery with running.
Running target shooting refers to a number of target shooting sports and events involving a shooting target—sometimes called a boar, moose, or deer—that is made to move as if it is a running animal.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
A Schützenverein (German for "marksmen's club") is in a local voluntary association found in German-speaking countries revolving around shooting as a sport, often target shooting to Olympic rules or with historic weapons.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Sea Girt is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
A semi-automatic shotgun is a shotgun that is able to fire a shell after every trigger pull, without needing to manually chamber another round.
A semi-professional athlete is one for whom sport is not a full-time occupation.
The service rifle (also known as standard-issue rifle) of a given armed force is that which it issues as standard to its service members.
Shooting competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing were held from August 9 to August 17, at the Beijing Shooting Range Hall (rifle and pistol events) and Beijing Shooting Range Clay Target Field (shotgun events).
Shooting competitions for factory and service firearms refer to a set of shooting disciplines, usually called service rifle, service pistol, production, factory or stock, where the types of permitted firearms are subject to type approval with few aftermarket modifications permitted.
A shooting range or firing range or archery range or pistol range or rifle range or shooting gallery or shooting ground is a specialized facility designed for archery or firearms practice.
Shooting ranges in Switzerland are unique in Europe, in keeping with the strong shooting traditions and liberal gun laws that exist in Switzerland.
There are shooting ranges in the United States open to the public, both indoor and outdoor.
Shooting sports is a collective group of competitive and recreational sporting activities involving proficiency tests of accuracy, precision and speed in using various types of ranged weapons, mainly referring to man-portable guns (firearms and airguns, in forms such as handguns, rifles and shotguns) and bows/crossbows.
Shooting sports in Canada are practised in various ways across the country.
Shooting targets are objects in various forms and shapes that are used for pistol, rifle, shotgun and other shooting sports, as well as in darts, target archery, crossbow shooting and other non-firearm related sports.
Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead.
In shooting sports, a shot grouping, or simply grouping, is the pattern of projectile impacts on a target from multiple shots taken in one shooting session.
A shot timer is a shot activated timer used in shooting sports, which starts the competitor by an audible signal and also records the competitor's time electronically by detecting the sound of each shot together with the time from the start signal.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.
The SG 550 is an assault rifle manufactured by Swiss Arms AG (formerly a division of Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft now known as Sig Holding AG) in Switzerland.
Skeet shooting is a recreational and competitive activity where participants, using shotguns, attempt to break clay targets mechanically flung into the air from two fixed stations at high speed from a variety of angles.
Ski mountaineering is a skiing discipline that involves climbing mountains either on skis or carrying them, depending on the steepness of the ascent, and then descending on skis.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
A slug is a term used for a bulky solid ballistic projectile.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
Small-bore refers to calibers with a diameter of.32 inches or smaller.
A smoothbore weapon is one that has a barrel without rifling.
A speargun is an underwater fishing implement designed to launch a spear at fish or other underwater animals or targets.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.
Sporting clays is a form of clay pigeon shooting, often described as "golf with a shotgun" because a typical course includes from 10 to 15 different shooting stations laid out over natural terrain.
A sports governing body is a sports organization that has a regulatory or sanctioning function.
Stangskyting, literally Stang-Shooting named after Colonel Georg Stang (1858-1907), is a practical rifle competition popular in Norway where the shooter has two periods of 25 seconds to get as many hits as possible on a target at an unknown distance, with an unlimited number of rounds.
The Steel Challenge is a speed shooting competition governed by the (SCSA) that consists of eight standardized stages with steel targets in three sizes; small circular, large circular and sqare targets.
Steel targets are shooting targets for firearms made out of hardened (martensitic) steel, and are used in sports such as cowboy action shooting, practical/dynamic shooting and for long range shooting, as well as recreational plinking.
A gunstock, often simply stock, also known as a shoulder stock, a buttstock or simply a butt, is a part of a long gun such as rifle, to which the barrelled action and firing mechanism are attached and is held against the user's shoulder when shooting the gun.
Sulgen is a municipality in Weinfelden District in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.
The Summer Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'été) or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.
The Summer Paralympic Games or the Games of the Paralympiad, are an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete.
Sup'Air is the name given to an inflatable bunker used in speedball, a variation of paintball.
A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tag is a playground game that involves two or more players chasing other players in an attempt to "tag" or touch them, usually with their hands.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Modern competitive archery is governed by the World Archery Federation (abbreviated WA), formerly FITA – Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc.
Target sprint is a shooting sport discipline that combines medium-range run (3 × 400 m) and air gun shooting.
A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective.
The Bianchi Cup is the NRA National Action Pistol Championship, a major Action Pistol tournament held over three days in late May, in Columbia, Missouri at the Green Valley Rifle & Pistol Club.
The Hunger Games is a trilogy of young adult dystopian novels written by American novelist Suzanne Collins.
The Hunger Games film series consists of four science fiction dystopian adventure films based on The Hunger Games trilogy of novels, by the American author Suzanne Collins.
The Thompson/Center Contender is a break-action single-shot pistol or rifle that was introduced in 1967 by Thompson/Center Arms.
International Rifle events that occur in three positions are conducted with an equal number of shots fired from the Prone, the Standing and the Kneeling positions, always in that order.
A time limit or deadline is a narrow field of time, or a particular point in time, by which an objective or task must be accomplished.
A tin can, tin (especially in British English, Australian English and Canadian English), steel can, steel packaging or a can, is a container for the distribution or storage of goods, composed of thin metal.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Trapshooting is one of the three major disciplines of competitive clay pigeon shooting (shooting shotguns at clay targets).
Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.
For Declaration of Conformity see Conformance mark Type Approval or Certificate of Conformity is granted to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safety requirements.
Underwater sports is a group of competitive sports using one or a combination of the following underwater diving techniques - breath-hold, snorkelling or scuba including the use of equipment such as diving masks and fins.
Underwater Target Shooting is an underwater sport/shooting sport that tests a competitors’ ability to accurately use a speargun via a set of individual and team events conducted in a swimming pool using free diving or Apnoea technique.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Junior Chamber, also known as the Jaycees, JCs or JCI USA, is a leadership training and civic organization for people between the ages of 18 and 40.
The United States Practical Shooting Association (USPSA) is the national governing body of practical shooting in the United States under the International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC).
The University of Connecticut (UConn) is a public land grant, National Sea Grant and National Space Grant research university in Storrs, Connecticut, United States.
The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.
The USA High School Clay Target League is a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation and the independent provider of shooting sports as an extracurricular co-ed activity to high schools for students in grades six through twelve who have their firearms safety certification.
USA Shooting, a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation, was chartered by the United States Olympic Committee as the National Governing Body (NGB) for the sport of shooting in April 1995.
Varmint hunting is the practice of hunting vermin, generally small mammals targeted as a means of pest control, rather than for food.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Western fiction is a genre of literature set in the American Old West frontier and typically set from the late eighteenth to the late nineteenth century.
A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
Wild West shows were traveling vaudeville performances in the United States and Europe that existed around 1870–1920.
The Winter Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event held once every four years for sports practised on snow and ice.
A winter sport or winter activity is a recreational activity or sport which is played on snow or ice.
The World Archery Federation (WA, also and formerly known as FITA from the French Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc) is the governing body of the sport of archery.
The World Benchrest Shooting Federation (WBSF) is the international governing body for benchrest shooting, with disciplines for both centerfire and rimfire ammunition.
The Zastava M48 (Serbo-Croatian: Puška M.48 7,9 mm / Пушка M.48 7,9 mm, "Rifle M.48 7.9 mm") is a post World War II Yugoslavian version of the German Karabiner 98k designed by Mauser and the Belgian designed M24 series.
The.22 Long Rifle (metric designation: 5.6×15mmR) cartridge is a long-established variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition, and in terms of units sold is still by far the most common ammunition in the world today.
The.223 Remington (.223 Rem) is a rifle cartridge.
The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.
The.308 Winchester (pronounced: "three-oh-eight") is a rimless, bottlenecked rifle cartridge and is the commercial cartridge from which the 7.62×51mm NATO round was derived.
The.500 S&W Magnum (12.7×44mmSR) is a fifty-caliber semi-rimmed handgun cartridge developed by Cor-Bon in partnership with the Smith & Wesson "X-Gun" engineering team for use in the Smith & Wesson Model 500 X-frame revolver and introduced in February 2003 at the SHOT show.
The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
The 1976 Summer Paralympics (Les Vème Paralympiques d'été), branded as Torontolympiad - 1976 Olympiad for the Physically Disabled, was the fifth Paralympic Games to be held.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2017 IPSC Rifle World Shoot I held at the Patriot Park in Kubinka, Moscow, Russia was the first IPSC Rifle World Shoot.
4-H is a global network of youth organizations whose mission is "engaging youth to reach their fullest potential while advancing the field of youth development".
A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code.
The 6.5×55mm (designated as the 6.5×55 Swedish by the SAAMI and 6,5 × 55 SE by the C.I.P.) is a first-generation smokeless powder rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge.
The 6mm BR is a centerfire cartridge created for benchrest shooting.
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