296 relations: +15, A. Alfred Taubman, Abasto de Buenos Aires, Al-Hamidiyah Souq, Ala Moana Center, Alberta, Alley, Allied Stores, Anchor store, Ancient Rome, Apollodorus of Damascus, Appleton, Wisconsin, Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Arcade (architecture), Archaeology, Argentina, Arrowslit, Australia, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza, Bangalore, Bangkok, Bazaar, BBC News, Beijing, Bellevue Square, Bellevue, Washington, Belz Enterprises, Berjaya Times Square, Big Town Mall, Big-box store, Birmingham, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomington, Minnesota, Bluewater (shopping centre), Brazil, Brent Cross, Brisbane, Buenos Aires, Bull Ring, Birmingham, Burlington Arcade, Calgary, California, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Cameron Village, Canal Walk, Cape Town, Car, CBS News, Central business district, ..., CentralWorld, Chain store, Challenges (magazine), Chester Rows, Chicago, Chrisp Street Market, Christown Spectrum Mall, City Creek Center, Cleveland Arcade, Cleveland Magazine, Cleveland State University, Columbus, Ohio, Commuter town, Conurbation, Country Club Plaza, Covered Market, Oxford, Crenshaw, Los Angeles, CrossIron Mills, Dallas, Damascus, Darwin Shopping Centre, Dave Garroway, Dayton Arcade, Dongguan, Downtown, Dubai, Dudley, Duluth, Minnesota, Durban, Eaton Centre, Eaton's, Economy of Russia, Edina, Minnesota, Edmonton, Eldon Square Shopping Centre, Elevator, Entertainment, Epsom, Escalator, Europe, Fast food, Financial Times, Floor area (building), Food court, Fortaleza, Forum (Roman), Framingham, Massachusetts, Freedom of speech, Galerías Pacífico, Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Gateshead, Glasgow, Golden Resources Mall, Grand Bazaar, Isfahan, Grand Bazaar, Istanbul, Grand Bazaar, Tehran, Grandview Heights, Ohio, Great Gostiny Dvor, Great Recession, Greater Manchester, GUM (department store), Harundale Mall, Hawaii, High Street, Highland Mall, Highland Park Village, Honolulu, Houston, Hyderabad, India, Indonesia, International Council of Shopping Centers, Iran, Isfahan, Isfahan City Center, Istanbul, Jakarta, Kansas City, Missouri, Karachi, Kelapa Gading, Kent, Kochi, Kuala Lumpur, Lake Forest, Illinois, Lake View Store, Lakeland, Tennessee, Lakewood Center, Lakewood, California, Leeds, Lists of shopping malls, Liverpool One, London, London, Ontario, Los Angeles, Louis XV of France, Lucky One Mall, Luleå, LuLu International Shopping Mall, Magnificent Mile, Main Street, Malaysia, Malcolm Gladwell, Mall kiosk, Mall of America, Mall of the Emirates, Mall Taman Anggrek, Manchester Arndale, Marché des Enfants Rouges, Market Square (Lake Forest, Illinois), Marketplace, Marshall Field's, McDonald's, Meadowhall (shopping centre), MEGA Family Shopping Centre, Memphis, Tennessee, Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Metro Manila, MetroCentre (shopping centre), Mezzanine, Milan, Mills Corporation, Minneapolis–Saint Paul, MIT Press, Montreal, Morgan Park, Duluth, Minnesota, Moscow, Movie theater, New Jersey, New York City, Newcastle upon Tyne, North America, Northgate Mall (Seattle), Northland Center, Online shopping, Outlet store, Oxford, Pakistan, Paramus, New Jersey, Paris, Passage des Panoramas, PATH (Toronto), Petaling Jaya, Pharmacy (shop), Philippines, Phoenix Marketcity (Bangalore), Planned community, Plaza Las Américas, Police, Port Grand, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Providence, Rhode Island, Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins, Queen Victoria Building, Quezon City, Rajasthan, Raleigh, North Carolina, Ralph Erskine (architect), Randhurst Village, Reading, Pennsylvania, Restaurant, Retail, Retail park, Rio de Janeiro, River Oaks, Houston, Runcorn Shopping City, Sacramento, California, Saint Petersburg, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Seattle, Security guard, Sheffield, Shopper's World, Shopping (Luleå), Shops at Don Mills, Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury Castle, Siam Paragon, SM City North EDSA, SM Mall of Asia, SM Megamall, SM Prime Holdings, Souq, South Africa, South America, South Asia, South China Mall, South Yorkshire, Southampton, Southdale Center, Southfield, Michigan, Stern's, Stonestown Galleria, Stratford, London, Strip mall, Subang Jaya, Suburb, Sunway Pyramid, Surabaya, Sweden, Syria, Taubman Centers, Terrazzo, Texas, Thailand, The Ashley Centre, The Australian Financial Review, The Mall at Short Hills, The Mall Fund, The New York Times, The Outlets at Bergen Town Center, The Sacramento Bee, The Standard (Hong Kong), The Wall Street Journal, Time (magazine), Times Square (Hong Kong), Today (U.S. TV program), Toronto, Town centre, Trafford Centre, Trajan's Market, Trinity Leeds, Tsawwassen Mills, Tunjungan Plaza, Underground City, Montreal, Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Valley Fair Shopping Center, Vaughan Mills, Victor Gruen, Victorian architecture, Walkway, Washington, D.C., Water Tower Place, West Edmonton Mall, Westfield Chermside, Westfield London, Westfield Stratford City, Westminster Arcade, Westquay, White Rose Centre, Whitehall, Ohio, World Trade Park, Jaipur, 1 Utama. Expand index (246 more) » « Shrink index
The Plus 15 or +15 Skyway network in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is one of the world's most extensive pedestrian skywalk systems, with a total length of 18 kilometres (11 miles) and 62 bridges.
Adolph Alfred Taubman (January 31, 1924 – April 17, 2015) was an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.
The Abasto Shopping is one of the biggest shopping mall centers in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Al-Hamidiyah Souq is the largest and the central souk in Syria, located inside the old walled city of Damascus next to the Citadel.
Ala Moana Center, commonly known simply as Ala Moana, is the largest shopping mall in Hawaii.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
An alley or alleyway is a narrow lane, path, or passageway, often reserved for pedestrians, which usually runs between, behind, or within buildings in the older parts of towns and cities.
Allied Stores was a department store chain in the United States.
In retail, an anchor store, draw tenant, anchor tenant, or key tenant is one of the larger shops in a shopping centre, usually a department store or a major retail chain that has a broad appeal to a wide customer base.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Apollodorus of Damascus (Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Δαμασκηνός) was a Syrian-Greek engineer, architect, designer and sculptor from Damascus, Roman Syria, who flourished during the 2nd century AD.
Appleton is a city in Outagamie (mostly), Calumet, and Winnebago counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
An arcade is a succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
An arrowslit (often also referred to as an arrow loop, loophole or loop hole, and sometimes a balistraria) is a narrow vertical aperture in a fortification through which an archer can launch arrows.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza (commonly known as Baldwin Hills Crenshaw and locally BHCP) is a shopping mall located in the Baldwin Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
A bazaar is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Bellevue Square is a shopping center in Bellevue, Washington.
Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle.
Belz Enterprises, Inc. is a major American-based developer of hotels, retail, and commercial properties, including shopping malls.
Big Town Mall was a shopping mall located in the Dallas suburb of Mesquite, Texas.
A big-box store (also supercenter, superstore, or megastore) is a physically large retail establishment, usually part of a chain of stores.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomington is the fifth largest city, as of 2016 estimates, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Bluewater Shopping Centre (commonly referred to as Bluewater) is an out-of-town shopping centre in Stone (postally Greenhithe), Kent, England, outside the M25 Orbital motorway, east south-east of London's centre.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brent Cross is an area of the London Borough of Barnet, England, near the A41 Brent Cross Flyover over the A406 North Circular Road.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
The Bullring is a major commercial area of central Birmingham.
The Burlington Arcade is a covered shopping arcade in London, that runs behind Bond Street from Piccadilly through to Burlington Gardens.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Cameron Village was the first planned community to be developed in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Canal Walk is a shopping centre in Cape Town, South Africa, that opened in 2000 and was built around a canal.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business centre of a city.
CentralWorld (เซ็นทรัลเวิลด์) is a shopping plaza and complex in Bangkok, Thailand.
Chain store(s) or retail chain(s) are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.
Challenges is a French language weekly business magazine headquartered in Paris, France.
Chester Rows consist of covered walkways at the first floor behind which are entrances to shops and other premises.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chrisp Street Market was the first purpose-built pedestrian shopping area in the UK.
Chris-Town Mall is the oldest operating mall and was the third shopping mall built in Phoenix, Arizona, located on Bethany Home Road and 19th Avenue.
The City Creek Center is a mixed-use development with an upscale open-air shopping center, office and residential buildings, fountain, and simulated creek near Temple Square in downtown Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
The Arcade in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, is a Victorian-era structure of two nine-story buildings, joined by a five-story arcade with a glass skylight spanning over 300 feet (91 m), along the four balconies.
Cleveland Magazine is the largest monthly magazine focused on Northeastern Ohio.
Cleveland State University (CSU) is a public research university in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
A commuter town is a town whose residents normally work elsewhere but in which they live, eat and sleep.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
The Country Club Plaza (often called The Plaza) is a privately owned American shopping center in the Country Club District of Kansas City, Missouri.
The Covered Market is a historic market with permanent stalls and shops in a large covered structure in central Oxford, England.
Crenshaw, normally referred to as the Crenshaw District, is a neighborhood in South Los Angeles.
CrossIron Mills is a fully enclosed shopping centre development just outside the northern city limits of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, and immediately east of the hamlet of Balzac in Rocky View County.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
The Darwin Shopping Centre is the largest of the three main shopping centres in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, comprising approximately 17 per cent of the town centre's retail offer by leasable area.
David Cunningham "Dave" Garroway (July 13, 1913 – July 21, 1982) was an American television personality.
The Dayton Arcade is a collection of five buildings in Dayton, Ohio.
Dongguan is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province of South China.
Downtown is a term primarily used in North America by English-speakers to refer to a city's core or central business district (CBD), often in a geographical or commercial sense.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dudley is a large town in the county of West Midlands, England, south-east of Wolverhampton and north-west of Birmingham.
Duluth is a major port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of Saint Louis County.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
Eaton Centre is a name associated with shopping malls in Canada, originating with Eaton's, one of Canada's largest department store chains at the time that these malls were developed.
The T. Eaton Company Limited, commonly known as Eaton's, was a Canadian retailer that was once Canada's largest department store chain.
Russia has an upper-middle income, World Bank mixed economy with state ownership in strategic areas of the economy.
Edina, is a city in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Eldon Square is a shopping centre in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.
Epsom is a market town in Surrey, England, south-west of London, between Ashtead and Ewell.
An escalator is a type of vertical transportation in the form of a moving staircase which carries people between floors of a building.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fast food is a mass-produced food that is typically prepared and served quicker than traditional foods.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
In architectural, construction, and real estate, floor area, floor space, or floorspace is the area (measured as square feet or square metres) taken up by a building or part of it.
A food court (in Asia-Pacific also called food hall or hawker centre) is generally an indoor plaza or common area within a facility that is contiguous with the counters of multiple food vendors and provides a common area for self-serve dinner.
Fortaleza (locally, Portuguese for Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil.
A forum (Latin forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium, or any civitas, reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls.
Framingham is a city in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.
Galerías Pacífico is a shopping centre in Buenos Aires, Argentina, located at the intersection of Florida Street and Córdoba Avenue.
The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II is Italy's oldest active shopping mall and a major landmark of Milan, Italy.
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
Golden Resources Shopping Mall, or Jin Yuan (abbreviated from Chinese: 金源时代购物中心) is a shopping mall located near the northwest Fourth Ring Road in Beijing, People's Republic of China.
The Grand Bazaar (in Persian: Bazar Bozorg, بازار بزرگ) is a historical market located in Isfahan, Iran, also known as "Qeysarriyeh Bazaar" (in Persian: بازار قيصريه).
The Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşı, meaning ‘Covered Market’; also Büyük Çarşı, meaning ‘Grand Market’Müller-Wiener (1977), p. 345.) in Istanbul is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and over 4,000 shopsMüller-Wiener (1977), p. 349.
The Grand Bazaar (بازار بزرگ) is an old historical bazaar in Tehran, Iran.
Grandview Heights is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States.
Great Gostiny Dvor (Большой Гостиный Двор) is a vast department store on Nevsky Avenue in St Petersburg.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2,782,100.
GUM (ГУМ, pronounced, an abbreviation of r, literally "Main Universal Store") is the main department store in many cities of the former Soviet Union, known as State Department Store (r) during the Soviet era.
Harundale Mall, the first enclosed shopping mall on the East Coast in the 20th century, was located in Glen Burnie, Maryland, United States at the intersection of Ritchie Highway and Aquahart Road.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
High Street (or the High Street, also High Road) is a metonym for the concept (and frequently the street name) of the primary business street of towns or cities, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations.
Highland Mall was a shopping mall located in north Austin, Texas, on Airport Boulevard west of I-35 and north of US Route 290.
Highland Park Village is an upscale shopping plaza located at the southwest corner of Mockingbird Lane and Preston Road in Highland Park, Texas (USA) and was the first self-contained shopping center in America.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC) is the global trade association of the shopping center industry.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.
Isfahan City Center is a large commercial and entertainment complex in Isfahan, Iran.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Kelapa Gading or known as KG is a neighborhood of North Jakarta, Indonesia.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Lake Forest is a city located in Lake County, Illinois, United States.
The Lake View Store was the first modern indoor mall built in the United States.
Lakeland is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, and a suburb of Memphis.
Lakewood Center is a super-regional shopping mall in Lakewood, California.
Lakewood is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
This is a list of lists of shopping malls and shopping centers by country.
Liverpool ONE is a shopping, residential and leisure complex in Liverpool, England.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.
Lucky One Mall is a shopping mall located in Karachi, Pakistan which is owned by Yunus Brothers Group.
Luleå (Westrobothnian: Lul, Leul, or Leol; Luleju) is a city on the coast of northern Sweden, and the capital of Norrbotten County, the northernmost county in Sweden.
LuLu Mall, in the city of Kochi, Kerala, is the largest shopping mall in India in terms of total area.
The Magnificent Mile, sometimes referred to as The Mag Mile, is an upscale section of Chicago's Michigan Avenue, running from the Chicago River to Oak Street in the Near North Side.
Main Street is a generic phrase used to denote a primary retail street of a village, town or small city in many parts of the world.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malcolm Timothy Gladwell (born September 3, 1963) is an English-born Canadian journalist, author, and speaker.
A retail kiosk (also referred to as a mall kiosk or retail merchandising unit (RMU)) is a store operated out of a merchant-supplied kiosk of varying size and shape, which is typically enclosed with the operator located in the center and customers approaching the vendor across a counter.
Mall of America (commonly, locally known as "MOA") is a shopping mall located in Bloomington, Minnesota, United States (a suburb of the Twin Cities).
Mall of the Emirates (مول الإمارات) is a shopping mall in Dubai.
Mall Taman Anggrek, translated to "Orchid Garden Mall" in English (also known as MTA or TA), is a shopping mall in Grogol Petamburan, West Jakarta, Indonesia.
Manchester Arndale (sometimes also known as the Arndale Centre or the Arndale, a term that has been widely used to describe a number of shopping centres in the UK) is a large shopping centre in Manchester, England.
The Marché des Enfants Rouges is the oldest covered market in Paris, France.
Market Square is a shopping center located in Lake Forest, Illinois, United States, in the Chicago metropolitan area.
A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.
Marshall Field's (officially Marshall Field & Company) was a department store in Chicago, Illinois, that grew to become a chain before being acquired by Federated Department Stores in 2005.
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States.
Meadowhall is an indoor shopping centre in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
MEGA branded shopping centres are managed and operated by IKEA Centre Russia, part of IKEA Group.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
The Merry Hill Centre (officially Intu Merry Hill) is a shopping mall in Brierley Hill near Dudley, England.
Metropolitan Manila (Kalakhang Maynila, Kamaynilaan) is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines.
intu Metrocentre, formerly MetroCentre and known on road signs as Metro Centre, is a shopping centre in Dunston Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England.
A mezzanine (or in French, an entresol) is, strictly speaking, an intermediate floor in a building which is partly open to the double-height ceilinged floor below, or which does not extend over the whole floorspace of the building.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Mills Corporation was a publicly traded real estate investment trust headquartered in Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States, acquired on April 3, 2007 by an investment group composed of Simon Property Group and Farallon Capital Management.
Minneapolis–Saint Paul is a major metropolitan area built around the Mississippi, Minnesota and St. Croix rivers in east central Minnesota.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Morgan Park is a neighborhood in Duluth, Minnesota, United States.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Northgate Mall is a shopping mall in the Northgate district of north urban Seattle, Washington.
Northland Center was a shopping mall on an approximately site located near the intersection of M-10 and Greenfield Road in Southfield, Michigan, an inner-ring suburb of Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser.
An outlet store, factory outlet or factory shop is a brick and mortar or online store in which manufacturers sell their stock directly to the public, cutting out the middle-men.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Paramus (with the accent on the second syllableWagoner, Walier H., The New York Times, February 16, 1966. Accessed December 25, 2011. "Paramus – pronounced puh-RAHM-us, with the accent on the second syllable – may have taken its name from 'perremus' or 'perymus,' Indian for 'land of the turkey'.") is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Passage des Panoramas is the oldest of the covered passages of Paris, France located in the 2nd arrondissement between the Montmartre boulevard to the North and Saint-Marc street to the south.
PATH is a network of underground pedestrian tunnels, elevated walkways, and at-grade walkways connecting the office towers of Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Petaling Jaya (commonly called "PJ" by locals) is a major Malaysian city originally developed as a satellite township for Kuala Lumpur.
A pharmacy (also called "drugstore" in American English or "community pharmacy" or "chemist's" in Commonwealth English) is a retail shop which provides prescription drugs, among other products.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phoenix Marketcity is a shopping mall developed by The Phoenix Mills Co.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
Plaza Las Américas is a shopping mall in Hato Rey, San Juan, Puerto Rico, located at the intersection of Routes 18 and 22.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Port Grand Food and drink and Entertainment Complex is a recreational area built in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan along the waterfront of the 19th century Native Jetty Bridge that connects the Karachi Port Trust to Keamari.
PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.
Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins,, was a U.S. Supreme Court decision issued on June 9, 1980 which affirmed the decision of the California Supreme Court in a case that arose out of a free speech dispute between the Pruneyard Shopping Center in Campbell, California, and several local high school students (who wished to solicit signatures for a petition against United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379).
The Queen Victoria Building (or QVB), is a late nineteenth-century building designed by the architect George McRae in the Sydney central business district, Australia.
Quezon City (Lungsod Quezon,; Ciudad Quezón; also known as QC or Kyusi) is the most populous city in the Philippines.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
Ralph Erskine ARIBA (24 February 1914 – 16 March 2005) was a British architect and planner who lived and worked in Sweden for most of his life.
Randhurst Village, previously known as Randhurst Mall and Randhurst Center or simply Randhurst, is a shopping mall located at the corner of Rand Road (U.S. Route 12) and Elmhurst Road (Illinois Route 83) in Mount Prospect, Illinois.
Reading (Pennsylvania German: Reddin) is a city in and the county seat of Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
A retail park or power center is an unenclosed shopping center with a typical range of to of gross leasable area that usually contains three or more big box retailers and various smaller retailers (usually located in strip plazas) with a common parking area shared among the retailers.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
River Oaks is a residential community located in the center of Houston, Texas, United States.
Runcorn Shopping City, formerly Halton Lea and Runcorn Shopping Centre, is a medium-sized indoor shopping centre in Runcorn, Cheshire, England.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
A security guard (also known as a security officer or protective agent) is a person employed by a public or private party to protect the employing party’s assets (property, people, equipment, money, etc.) from a variety of hazards (such as waste, damaged property, unsafe worker behavior, criminal activity such as theft, etc.) by enforcing preventative measures.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Shopper's World is a retail park owned by DDR Corp. It is located on Route 9, near the intersection of Route 30 and the Mass Pike (I-90) in Framingham, Massachusetts.
Shopping is a shopping mall in down-town Luleå, northern Sweden.
The Shops at Don Mills (corporately known as CF Shops at Don Mills) is a lifestyle centre - type shopping centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located at Don Mills Road and Lawrence Avenue East in the former city of North York.
Shrewsbury is the county town of Shropshire, England.
Shrewsbury Castle is a red sandstone castle in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England.
Siam Paragon (สยามพารากอน) is a shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. It is the sixth largest mall in Thailand, following CentralWorld, CentralPlaza WestGate, kingpower, viewmal and ETC... Siam Paragon includes a wide range of specialty stores and restaurants as well as a multiplex movie theatre (15 large screen theaters, the Sea Life Bangkok Ocean World aquarium, an exhibition hall, the Thai Art Gallery, and an opera concert hall.
SM City North EDSA, also known as "The Block", is a shopping mall located in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines.
SM Mall of Asia, also abbreviated as SM MoA, is a shopping mall in Bay City, Pasay, Philippines, near the SM Central Business Park, the Manila Bay, and the southern end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA).
SM Megamall is a shopping mall located in the Ortigas business district of Metro Manila, Philippines.
SM Prime Holdings, Inc. or SM Prime is the parent company of the SM Group's shopping malls.
A souq or souk (سوق, שוק shuq, Spanish: zoco, also spelled shuk, shooq, soq, esouk, succ, suk, sooq, suq, soek) is a marketplace or commercial quarter in Western Asian, North African and some Horn African cities (ሱቅ sooq).
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
New South China Mall in Dongguan, China is the largest shopping mall in the world when measured in terms of gross leasable area, and second in terms of total area to The Dubai Mall (which has extensive non-shopping space including a zoo, a hotel complex and a theme park).
South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southdale Center is a shopping mall located in Edina, Minnesota, a suburb of the Twin Cities.
Southfield is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Stern's (originally Stern Brothers) was a regional department store chain serving the U.S. states of New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Stonestown Galleria is a shopping mall in San Francisco, California, anchored by Nordstrom and formerly Macy's.
Stratford is a town and parish in London, in the London Borough of Newham.
A strip mall (also called a shopping plaza, shopping center, or mini-mall) is an open-air shopping mall where the stores are arranged in a row, with a sidewalk in front.
Subang Jaya is a suburban city located in the Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
Sunway Pyramid (Chinese: 双威金字塔) is a shopping mall located in Bandar Sunway, Subang Jaya, Selangor which was developed by Sunway Group and opened in July 1997.
Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Taubman Centers, Inc. is a real estate investment trust that invests in shopping centers.
Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Ashley Centre (previously The Mall Ashley) is a shopping centre, in Epsom, Surrey.
The Australian Financial Review (sometimes abbreviated to AFR) is an Australian business and finance newspaper published by Fairfax Media six days a week.
The Mall at Short Hills (commonly referred to as Short Hills Mall) is a shopping center located in the Short Hills area of Millburn, New Jersey, United States.
The Mall Fund owns and operates shopping centres in England using the trading name "The Mall Company".
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Outlets at Bergen Town Center is a shopping center located in Bergen County, New Jersey, USA. The center consists of both an indoor mall and exterior outlying stores and occupies over 105 acres split between the municipalities of Paramus and Maywood. The center, which was built as the Bergen Mall, opened in 1957 as one of several regional large-scale outdoor shopping centers rolled out nationwide, and was the largest of its kind at the time of its opening. It is the second-oldest mall in New Jersey., The Record (Bergen County), December 1, 2006 The mall offers a gross leasable area (GLA) of. The mall is located at the junction of Route 4 and Forest Avenue, and includes a separate shopping strip, south of Route 4 connected to the rest of the property via a pedestrian bridge. The mall has over the years included community spaces, including a chapel, theater for live dramas, post office, auditorium, ice rink, bowling alley and a children's amusement ride area, and is the current location of the Bergen County Museum. The Bergen Mall was designed by John Graham of New York City. The mall is subject to Bergen County's blue laws, which requires the mall to be closed on Sundays.
The Sacramento Bee is a daily newspaper published in Sacramento, California, in the United States.
The Standard is an English free newspaper in Hong Kong with a daily circulation in 2012 of 200,450.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Times Square is a major shopping centre and office tower complex in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.
Today, also called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
A town centre is the commercial or geographical centre or core area of a town.
The Trafford Centre (also known as the intu Trafford Centre) is a large indoor shopping centre and leisure complex in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Trajan's Market is a large complex of ruins in the city of Rome, Italy, located on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, at the opposite end to the Colosseum.
Trinity Leeds is a shopping and leisure centre in Leeds, England, named after the adjacent 18th-century Holy Trinity Church.
Tsawwassen Mills is a shopping mall on Tsawwassen First Nations land, in Delta, British Columbia.
Tunjungan Plaza (TP) is the second-biggest shopping center in Surabaya after Pakuwon Mall.
RÉSO, commonly referred to as The Underground City (La ville souterraine), is the name applied to a series of interconnected office towers, hotels, shopping centres, residential and commercial complexes, convention halls, universities and performing arts venues that form the heart of Montreal's central business district, colloquially referred to as Downtown Montreal.
Unibail-Rodamco SE, doing business as Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield is a European company, headquartered in Paris, that specializes in commercial property investments.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Valley Fair Shopping Center, Valley Fair Mall, or Valley Fair Center was a shopping mall in Appleton, in the U.S. state of Wisconsin that opened on March 10, 1955.
Vaughan Mills is a regional outlet mall located at the southeast corner of Highway 400 and Rutherford Road, in Vaughan, Ontario, just south of Canada's Wonderland.
Victor David Gruen, born Viktor David Grünbaum retrieved 25 February 2012 (July 18, 1903 – February 14, 1980), was an Austrian-born architect best known as a pioneer in the design of shopping malls in the United States.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
In American English, walkway is a composite or umbrella term for all engineered surfaces or structures which support the use of trails.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Water Tower Place is a large urban, mixed-use development comprising a shopping mall and 74 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
West Edmonton Mall (WEM), located in Summerlea, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, is the largest shopping mall in North America, followed by Mall of America, and the 23rd largest in the world (along with The Dubai Mall) by gross leasable area.
Westfield Chermside is a large shopping centre in Queensland, located in a Brisbane inner northern suburb.
Westfield London is a shopping centre in White City, London, United Kingdom, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.
Westfield Stratford City is a shopping centre in Stratford, London, which opened on 13 September 2011.
The Westminster Arcade (also known as the Providence Arcade, Arcade Providence, or The Arcade) is a historic shopping center at 130 Westminster Street and 65 Weybosset Street in downtown Providence, Rhode Island built in 1828.
Westquay (formerly WestQuay) is a shopping centre in Southampton, United Kingdom.
The White Rose Centre is a shopping centre in the Beeston area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Whitehall is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States and an enclave on the east side of Columbus.
World Trade Park is a shopping mall in Malviya Nagar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
1 Utama Shopping Centre is situated in Bandar Utama Damansara, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
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