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A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug. [1]

213 relations: Airport, American Civil War, American Expeditionary Forces, American frontier, American Indian Wars, Ammunition, Anatidae, Angular momentum, Anseriformes, Antique firearms, AR-15 style rifle, Armor-piercing shell, Arquebus, Artillery, Assault weapon, Asymmetric warfare, Atchisson Assault Shotgun, Australia, Authorization to Transport, Automatic shotgun, Axon (company), Ballistics, Bayonet, Bean bag round, Benelli M1, Benelli M3, Blank (cartridge), Blunderbuss, Bolas, Bolt action, Boxlock action, Breaching round, Break action, Breech-loading weapon, Brown Bess, Browning Auto-5, Buck and ball, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, Caliber, Canadian Firearms Registry, Cartridge (firearms), Cavalry, Centerfire ammunition, Choke (firearms), Civilian, Clay pigeon shooting, Close combat, Coach gun, Coachman, Columbidae, ..., Combat shotgun, Combination gun, Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, Daniel Myron LeFever, Derringer, Doc Holliday, Double-barreled shotgun, Dragon's breath (ammunition), Electroshock weapon, England, Explosive material, Firearm, Firecracker, Flechette, Flintlock, Florida, FN Herstal, Forced marriage, Franchi SPAS-12, Frangibility, Frangible bullet, French Resistance, Full metal jacket bullet, Game (hunting), Gauge (firearms), Germany, Goose, Grandfather clause, Gun barrel, Gun laws in Australia, Gun safety, Halite, Handgun, Home Guard (United Kingdom), Hunting, Illinois, Internal ballistics, Iraq War, Italy, James Fenimore Cooper, John Browning, John J. Pershing, Judge Advocate General's Corps, United States Army, Jungle warfare, Kentucky, Korean War, Krieghoff, Law enforcement agency, Law of war, Lead, Lee–Enfield, Lever action, List of shotguns, Lupara, M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System, Machine gun, Mandrel, Mare's Leg, Martini–Henry, Military, Military 12 gauge cartridges, Military police, Mossberg 500, Musket, National Firearms Act, Naval boarding, Navy, NeoStead 2000, Non-commissioned officer, Non-lethal weapon, Norinco, Normal distribution, O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Olympic Games, Pancor Jackhammer, Partisan (military), Pattern, Pepper spray, Perazzi, Pinfire cartridge, Plymouth Colony, Police, Possession and acquisition licence, Pump action, Punt gun, Pyrotechnics, Quail, Red tape, Remington Model 1100, Remington Model 870, Revolver, Ricochet, Riding shotgun, Rifle Factory Ishapore, Rifling, Riot control, Riot shotgun, Roadblock, Rubber bullet, Runway, Sabot, Saiga-12, Sawed-off shotgun, Self-defense, Semi-automatic shotgun, Shell (projectile), Shooting sports, Shot (pellet), Shotgun messenger, Shotgun shell, Shotgun slug, Sicily, Skeet shooting, Slang, Slug (projectile), Slug barrel, Smokeless powder, Smoothbore, Sporting clays, Springfield Armory M6 Scout, Squad, Stainless steel, Stock (firearms), Stopping power, Synonym, Take point, Taurus Judge, Tear gas, Thales Australia, Trap shooting, Trench warfare, United Kingdom, United States, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Code, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, Upland game bird, Urban warfare, Verney-Carron, Vietnam War, W. W. Greener, Waterfowl hunting, Weapon, Winchester Model 1887/1901, Winchester Model 1897, Winchester Model 1912, Winchester Model 37, Winchester Repeating Arms Company, World War I, World War II, Zytel, .22 Long Rifle, .357 Magnum, .38 Special, .40 S&W, .410 bore, .45 ACP, .45 Colt, 20-gauge shotgun, 2010 Northumbria Police manhunt, 9×19mm Parabellum. Expand index (163 more) »


An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Expeditionary Forces

The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.

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American frontier

The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.

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American Indian Wars

The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.

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Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.

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The Anatidae are the biological family of birds that includes ducks, geese, and swans.

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Angular momentum

In physics, angular momentum (rarely, moment of momentum or rotational momentum) is the rotational equivalent of linear momentum.

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Anseriformes is an order of birds that comprise about 180 living species in three families: Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the magpie goose), and Anatidae, the largest family, which includes over 170 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks, geese, and swans.

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Antique firearms

An antique firearm is a term to describe a firearm that was designed and manufactured prior to the beginning of the 20th century.

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AR-15 style rifle

An AR-15 style rifle is a lightweight semi-automatic rifle based on the Colt AR-15 design.

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Armor-piercing shell

An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.

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The arquebus, derived from the German Hakenbüchse, was a form of long gun that appeared in Europe during the 15th century.

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Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

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Assault weapon

Assault weapon is a term used in the United States to define some types of firearms.

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Asymmetric warfare

Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.

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Atchisson Assault Shotgun

The Auto Assault-12 (AA-12), originally designed and known as the Atchisson Assault Shotgun, is a shotgun developed in 1972 by Maxwell Atchisson.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Authorization to Transport

An authorization to transport is a permit issued under the Canadian Firearms Program allowing transportation of restricted and prohibited firearms in Canada.

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Automatic shotgun

An automatic shotgun is an automatic firearm that fires shotgun shells and uses some of the energy of each shot to automatically cycle the action and load a new round.

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Axon (company)

Axon (formerly TASER International) is a Scottsdale, Arizona-based company which develops technology and weapons products for law enforcement and civilians.

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Ballistics is the field of mechanics that deals with the launching, flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, unguided bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.

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A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.

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Bean bag round

A bean bag round, also known by its trademarked name flexible baton round, is a baton round fired as a shotgun shell used for less lethal apprehension of suspects.

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Benelli M1

The Benelli M1 (Super 90) is a semi-automatic shotgun manufactured by Benelli Armi S.P.A..

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Benelli M3

The Benelli M3 (Super 90) is a dual-mode (both pump-action and semi-automatic) shotgun designed and manufactured by Italian firearms manufacturer Benelli Armi SpA.

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Blank (cartridge)

A blank is a type of cartridge for a firearm that contains gunpowder but no bullet or shot.

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The blunderbuss is a firearm with a short, large caliber barrel, which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity and/or caliber.

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A bolas (plural: bolas or bolases; from Spanish bola, "ball", also known as boleadoras) is a type of throwing weapon made of weights on the ends of interconnected cords, used to capture animals by entangling their legs.

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Bolt action

Bolt action is a type of firearm action where the handling of cartridges into and out of the weapon's barrel chamber are operated by manually manipulating the bolt directly via a handle, which is most commonly placed on the right-hand side of the weapon (as most users are right-handed).

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Boxlock action

The boxlock action is a hammerless action of a type commonly used in double-barreled shotguns, dating back to 1875.

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Breaching round

A breaching round or slug-shot is a shotgun shell specially made for door breaching.

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Break action

Break action is a type of firearm action in which the barrel or barrels are hinged much like a door and rotate perpendicularly to the bore axis to expose the breech and allow loading and unloading of cartridges.

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Breech-loading weapon

A breech-loading gun is a firearm in which the cartridge or shell is inserted or loaded into a chamber integral to the rear portion of a barrel.

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Brown Bess

"Brown Bess" is a nickname of uncertain origin for the British Army's muzzle-loading smoothbore Land Pattern Musket and its derivatives.

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Browning Auto-5

The Browning Automatic 5, most often Auto-5 or simply A-5, is a recoil-operated semi-automatic shotgun designed by John Browning.

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Buck and ball

Buck and ball was a common load for muzzle-loading muskets, and was frequently used in the American Revolutionary War and into the early days of the American Civil War.

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Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice.

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In guns, particularly firearms, caliber or calibre is the approximate internal diameter of the gun barrel, or the diameter of the projectile it shoots.

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Canadian Firearms Registry

The Canadian Firearms Registry is the gun registry managed by the Canadian Firearms Program of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) as part of the RCMP's responsibilities under the Firearms Act, 1995.

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Cartridge (firearms)

A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.

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Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.

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Centerfire ammunition

A centerfire cartridge is a cartridge with a primer located in the center of the cartridge case head.

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Choke (firearms)

In firearms, a choke is a tapered constriction of a shotgun barrel's bore at the muzzle end.

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A civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force".

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Clay pigeon shooting

Clay pigeon shooting, also known as clay target shooting, and formally known as Inanimate Bird Shooting, is the art of shooting a firearm at special flying targets, known as clay pigeons or clay targets.

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Close combat

Close combat means a violent physical confrontation between two or more opponents at short range.

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Coach gun

A coach gun is a modern term, coined by gun collectors, for a double-barreled shotgun, generally with barrels from 18" to 24" in length placed side-by-side.

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A coachman is a man whose business it is to drive a coach, a horse-drawn vehicle designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger — and of mail — and covered for protection from the elements.

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Pigeons and doves constitute the animal family Columbidae and the order Columbiformes, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species.

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Combat shotgun

A combat shotgun is a shotgun that is intended for use in an offensive role, typically by a military force.

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Combination gun

A combination gun is a hunting firearm that comprises at least one rifled barrel and one smoothbore barrel, that is typically used with shot or some types of shotgun slug.

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Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences

Cyclopædia: or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (two volumes in folio) was an encyclopedia published by Ephraim Chambers in London in 1728, and reprinted in numerous editions in the eighteenth century.

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Daniel Myron LeFever

Daniel Myron Lefever (August 27, 1835 – October 29, 1906) was an American gun maker, popularly known as "Uncle Dan Lefever".

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The term "derringer" has come to refer to any small-sized handgun that is neither a revolver nor a semiautomatic pistol, although mini-revolvers are commonly called derringers.

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Doc Holliday

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (August 14, 1851 – November 8, 1887) was an American gambler, gunfighter, and dentist, and a good friend of Wyatt Earp.

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Double-barreled shotgun

A double-barreled shotgun is a shotgun with two parallel barrels, allowing two shots to be fired in quick succession.

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Dragon's breath (ammunition)

Dragon's breath is a special type of incendiary-effect round for a 12 gauge shotgun.

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Electroshock weapon

An electroshock weapon is an incapacitating weapon.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.

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A firecracker (cracker, noise maker, banger, or bunger) is a small explosive device primarily designed to produce a large amount of noise, especially in the form of a loud bang; any visual effect is incidental to this goal.

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A flechette is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight.

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Flintlock is a general term for any firearm that uses a flint striking ignition mechanism.

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Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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FN Herstal

Fabrique Nationale Herstal (French for: National Factory Herstal), self-identified as FN Herstal and often referred to as Fabrique Nationale or simply FN, is a leading firearms manufacturer located in Herstal, Belgium, and is owned by the holding company Herstal Group which is owned by the regional government of Wallonia.

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Forced marriage

Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or more of the parties is married without his or her consent or against his or her will.

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Franchi SPAS-12

The Franchi SPAS-12 is a combat shotgun manufactured by Italian firearms company Franchi from 1979 to 2000.

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A material is said to be frangible if through deformation it tends to break up into fragments, rather than deforming elastically and retaining its cohesion as a single object.

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Frangible bullet

Frangible bullets are intended to disintegrate into tiny particles upon target impact to minimize their penetration of other objects.

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French Resistance

The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.

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Full metal jacket bullet

A full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet is a small-arms projectile consisting of a soft core (often lead) encased in a shell of harder metal, such as gilding metal, cupronickel, or less commonly a steel alloy.

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Game (hunting)

Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.

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Gauge (firearms)

The gauge of a firearm is a unit of measurement used to express the inner diameter (bore diameter) of the barrel.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Geese are waterfowl of the family Anatidae.

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Grandfather clause

A grandfather clause (or grandfather policy) is a provision in which an old rule continues to apply to some existing situations while a new rule will apply to all future cases.

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Gun barrel

A gun barrel is a crucial part of gun-type ranged weapons such as small firearms, artillery pieces and air guns.

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Gun laws in Australia

Gun laws in Australia are mainly the jurisdiction of Australian states and territories, with the importation of guns regulated by the federal government.

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Gun safety

Gun safety rules and practice recommendations are intended to avoid accidental discharge or negligent discharge, or the consequences of firearm malfunctions.

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Halite, commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (NaCl).

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A handgun is a short-barreled firearm designed to be fired with only one hand.

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Home Guard (United Kingdom)

The Home Guard (initially Local Defence Volunteers or LDV) was a defence organisation of the British Army during the Second World War.

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Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.

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Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.

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Internal ballistics

Internal ballistics (also interior ballistics), a subfield of ballistics, is the study of the propulsion of a projectile.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Fenimore Cooper

James Fenimore Cooper (September 15, 1789 – September 14, 1851) was an American writer of the first half of the 19th century.

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John Browning

John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926) was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world.

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John J. Pershing

General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.

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Judge Advocate General's Corps, United States Army

The Judge Advocate General's Corps of the United States Army is the legal arm of the United States Army.

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Jungle warfare

Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain.

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Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Krieghoff is a manufacturer of high-end hunting and sport weapon in Ulm, Germany.

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Law enforcement agency

A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.

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Law of war

The law of war is a legal term of art which refers to the aspect of public international law concerning acceptable justifications to engage in war (jus ad bellum) and the limits to acceptable wartime conduct (jus in bello or international humanitarian law).

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Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

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The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.

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Lever action

Lever action is a type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area (often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.

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List of shotguns

This article is a list of shotguns.

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Lupara is an Italian word used to refer to a sawn-off shotgun of the break-open type.

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M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System

The M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System (MASS) is a developmental under-barrel shotgun attachment for the M16/M4 family of United States military firearms.

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Machine gun

A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.

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A mandrel (also mandril or arbor) is one of the following.

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Mare's Leg

The Mare's Leg (aka Mare's Laig; both sometimes spelled without the apostrophe) is the name given to a customized shortened rifle used by Steve McQueen's character on the television series Wanted: Dead or Alive (1958–1961).

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The Martini–Henry is a breech-loading single-shot lever-actuated rifle that was used by the British Army.

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A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

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Military 12 gauge cartridges

Military use of combat shotguns through the 20th century has created a need for ammunition maximizing the combat effectiveness of such weapons within the limitations of international law.

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Military police

Military police (MP) are law enforcement agencies connected with, or part of, the military of a state.

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Mossberg 500

Mossberg 500 is a series of pump action shotguns manufactured by O.F. Mossberg & Sons.

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A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.

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National Firearms Act

The National Firearms Act (NFA), 73rd Congress, Sess.

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Naval boarding

Naval boarding is to come up against, or alongside, an enemy ship to attack by placing combatants aboard the enemy ship.

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A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.

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NeoStead 2000

The NeoStead 2000 (NS2000) is a bullpup combat shotgun developed by Truvelo Armoury of South Africa.

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Non-commissioned officer

A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.

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Non-lethal weapon

Non-lethal weapons, also called less-lethal weapons, less-than-lethal weapons, non-deadly weapons, compliance weapons, or pain-inducing weapons are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons such as knives and firearms.

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The China Ordnance Industries Group Corporation Limited, also known as China North Industries Group Corporation Limited, officially abbreviated as Norinco, is a Chinese defense corporation that manufactures a diverse range of civil and military products, including light and armored vehicles, tanks, aircraft, UAVs, artillery, fuel air bombs, precision strike systems, missiles, air defence and anti-missile systems, air-launched weapons, amphibious assault weapons and equipment, night vision products, long-range suppression weapon systems, machinery, radar, optical-electronic products, engineering equipment, oil field equipment, chemicals, light industrial products, explosives and blast materials, infantry equipment, high-effect destruction systems, anti-riot equipment, civil and military firearms and ammunition.

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Normal distribution

In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.

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O.F. Mossberg & Sons

O.F. Mossberg & Sons (commonly known as Mossberg) is an American firearms manufacturer, specializing in shotguns, rifles, scopes, and firearm accessories.

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Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

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Pancor Jackhammer

The Pancor Corporation Jackhammer was a 12-gauge, gas-operated automatic shotgun designed in 1984 and patented in 1987.

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Partisan (military)

A partisan is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity.

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A pattern is a discernible regularity in the world or in a manmade design.

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Pepper spray

Pepper spray (also known as capsicum spray) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness) used in policing, riot control, crowd control, and self-defense, including defense against dogs and bears.

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Perazzi is a manufacturer of precision shotguns from Brescia, Italy.

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Pinfire cartridge

A pinfire cartridge is an obsolete type of metallic firearm cartridge in which the priming compound is ignited by striking a small pin which protrudes radially from just above the base of the cartridge.

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Plymouth Colony

Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth) was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 to 1691.

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A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Possession and acquisition licence

A possession and acquisition licence (PAL) is a firearms licence in Canadian law.

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Pump action

A pump-action or slide-action firearm is one in which a forend can be moved forward and backward in order to eject a spent round of ammunition and to chamber a fresh one.

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Punt gun

A punt gun is a type of extremely large shotgun used in the 19th and early 20th centuries for shooting large numbers of waterfowl for commercial harvesting operations.

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Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.

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Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes.

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Red tape

Red tape is an idiom that refers to excessive regulation or rigid conformity to formal rules that is considered redundant or bureaucratic and hinders or prevents action or decision-making.

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Remington Model 1100

The Remington 1100 is a gas-operated semi-automatic shotgun, popular among sportsmen.

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Remington Model 870

The Remington Model 870 is a pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, LLC. It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense and used by law enforcement and military organizations worldwide.

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A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.

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A ricochet is a rebound, bounce or skip off a surface, particularly in the case of a projectile.

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Riding shotgun

Riding shotgun was used to describe the guard who rode alongside a stagecoach driver, ready to use his shotgun to ward off bandits or hostile Native Americans.

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Rifle Factory Ishapore

The Rifle Factory Ishapore (also known as Ishapore Arsenal) is an arms manufacturing unit located at Ishapore, in the Barrackpore subdivision of the state of West Bengal in India.

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In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.

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Riot control

Riot control refers to the measures used by police, military, or other security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, demonstration, or protest.

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Riot shotgun

A riot shotgun is a shotgun designed or modified for use as a primarily defensive weapon, by the use of a short barrel and a larger magazine capacity than shotguns marketed for hunting.

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A roadblock is a temporary installation set up to control or block traffic along a road.

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Rubber bullet

Rubber bullets (also called rubber baton rounds) are rubber or rubber-coated projectiles that can be fired from either standard firearms or dedicated riot guns.

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According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".

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A sabot is a structural device used in firearm or cannon ammunition to keep a sub-caliber flight projectile, such as a relatively small bullet or arrow-type projectile, in the center of the barrel when fired, if the bullet has a significantly smaller diameter than the bore diameter of the weapon used.

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The Saiga-12 is a 12-gauge shotgun available in a wide range of configurations, patterned after the Kalashnikov series of rifles and named for the Saiga antelope.

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Sawed-off shotgun

A sawed-off shotgun (US, CAN) also called a sawn-off shotgun (UK, IRL, AU, NZ) and a short-barreled shotgun (SBS) (U.S. legislative terminology), is a type of shotgun with a shorter gun barrel—typically under 18 inches—and often a shortened or absent stock.

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Self-defence (self-defense in some varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.

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Semi-automatic shotgun

A semi-automatic shotgun is a shotgun that is able to fire a shell after every trigger pull, without needing to manually chamber another round.

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Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.

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Shooting sports

Shooting sports is a collective group of competitive and recreational sporting activities involving proficiency tests of accuracy, precision and speed in using various types of ranged weapons, mainly referring to man-portable guns (firearms and airguns, in forms such as handguns, rifles and shotguns) and bows/crossbows.

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Shot (pellet)

Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead.

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Shotgun messenger

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a shotgun messenger was a private "express messenger" and guard, especially on a stagecoach but also on a train, in charge of overseeing and guarding a valuable private shipment, such as particularly the contents of a strongbox (on a stagecoach) or safe (on a train).

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Shotgun shell

A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.

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Shotgun slug

A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun.

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Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Skeet shooting

Skeet shooting is a recreational and competitive activity where participants, using shotguns, attempt to break clay targets mechanically flung into the air from two fixed stations at high speed from a variety of angles.

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Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.

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Slug (projectile)

A slug is a term used for a bulky solid ballistic projectile.

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Slug barrel

A slug barrel is a barrel for a shotgun that is designed primarily to fire slugs.

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Smokeless powder

Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.

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A smoothbore weapon is one that has a barrel without rifling.

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Sporting clays

Sporting clays is a form of clay pigeon shooting, often described as "golf with a shotgun" because a typical course includes from 10 to 15 different shooting stations laid out over natural terrain.

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Springfield Armory M6 Scout

The Springfield Armory M6 Scout is a multipurpose firearm, combining rifle and shotgun.

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In military terminology, a squad or squadron is a sub-subunit led by a non-commissioned officer that is subordinate to an infantry platoon.

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Stock (firearms)

A gunstock, often simply stock, also known as a shoulder stock, a buttstock or simply a butt, is a part of a long gun such as rifle, to which the barrelled action and firing mechanism are attached and is held against the user's shoulder when shooting the gun.

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Stopping power

Stopping power is the ability of a firearm or other weapon to cause enough ballistic trauma to a target (human or animal) to immediately incapacitate (and thus stop) the target.

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A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.

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Take point

In modern military parlance, to take point, walk point, be on point, or be a point man means to assume the first and most exposed position in a combat military formation, that is, the leading soldier or unit advancing through hostile or unsecured territory.

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Taurus Judge

The Taurus Judge is a five shot revolver designed and produced by Taurus International, chambered for.410 bore shot shells and the.45 Colt cartridge.

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Tear gas

Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace,"Mace" is a brand name for a tear gas spray is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and even blindness.

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Thales Australia

Thales Australia (formerly ADI Limited) is a defence contractor for the Australian Defence Force, based in Australia.

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Trap shooting

Trapshooting is one of the three major disciplines of competitive clay pigeon shooting (shooting shotguns at clay targets).

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Trench warfare

Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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United States Code

The Code of Laws of the United States of America (variously abbreviated to Code of Laws of the United States, United States Code, U.S. Code, U.S.C., or USC) is the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes of the United States.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Upland game bird

Upland game bird is an American term which refers to non-water fowl game birds hunted with pointing breeds, flushing spaniels, and retrievers.

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Urban warfare

Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.

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Verney-Carron S.A. is a French firearm manufacturing company based in Saint-Etienne, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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W. W. Greener

W.W. Greener is a sporting shotgun and rifle manufacturer from England.

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Waterfowl hunting

Waterfowl hunting (also called wildfowling or waterfowl shooting in the UK) is the practice of hunting ducks, geese, or other waterfowl for food and sport.

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A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.

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Winchester Model 1887/1901

The Winchester Model 1887 and Winchester Model 1901 are lever-action shotguns originally designed by famed American gun designer John Browning and produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Winchester Model 1897

The Winchester Model 1897, also known as the Model 97, M97, or Trench Gun, was a pump-action shotgun with an external hammer and tube magazine manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.

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Winchester Model 1912

The Winchester Model 1912 (also commonly known as the Model 12, or M12) is an internal-hammer, pump-action, shotgun with an external tube magazine.

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Winchester Model 37

The Winchester Model 37 (M37) Single Shot Shotgun is an American firearm.

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Winchester Repeating Arms Company

The Winchester Repeating Arms Company was a prominent American maker of repeating firearms, located in New Haven, Connecticut.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zytel is a trademark owned by DuPont and used for a number of different high strength, abrasion and impact resistant thermoplastic polyamide formulations of the family more commonly known as nylon.

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.22 Long Rifle

The.22 Long Rifle (metric designation: 5.6×15mmR) cartridge is a long-established variety of.22 caliber rimfire ammunition, and in terms of units sold is still by far the most common ammunition in the world today.

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.357 Magnum

The.357 S&W Magnum (9×33mmR), or simply.357 Magnum, is a revolver cartridge with a.357-inch (9.07 mm) bullet diameter.

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.38 Special

No description.

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.40 S&W

The.40 S&W (10×22mm Smith & Wesson in unofficial metric notation) is a rimless pistol cartridge developed jointly by major American firearms manufacturers Smith & Wesson and Winchester.

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.410 bore

The.410 bore, commonly yet incorrectly named.410 gauge, is the second-smallest caliber of shotgun shell commonly available, (.360 CF being the smallest).

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.45 ACP

The.45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), or.45 Auto (11.43×23mm) is a handgun cartridge designed by John Browning in 1905, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol.

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.45 Colt

The.45 Colt cartridge, which is sometimes called.45 Long Colt,.45 LC, or 11.43×33mmR, is a handgun cartridge dating to 1872.

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20-gauge shotgun

The 20-gauge shotgun is a type of smooth-bore shotgun that fires a shell that is smaller in caliber (.615 in.) than a 12 gauge shotgun (.729 in.). It is often used by beginning shooters for target practice and for hunting small game.

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2010 Northumbria Police manhunt

A major police operation took place in July 2010 in Tyne and Wear and Northumberland, England, during which armed police officers under the command of the Northumbria Police force were deployed to apprehend Raoul Moat, a 37-year-old man from Newcastle upon Tyne who was on the run after shooting three people in two days.

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9×19mm Parabellum

The 9×19mm Parabellum is a firearms cartridge that was designed by Georg Luger and introduced in 1902 by the German weapons manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) (German Weapons and Munitions Factory) for their Luger semi-automatic pistol.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shotgun

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