264 relations: Academic Press, Acetes, Algae, Alpheidae, Amphipoda, Anatoly Liberman, Anchialine pool, Ancylomenes pedersoni, Anostraca, Antenna (biology), Appendage, Aquaculture, Aquaculture (journal), Aquaculture of sea cucumbers, Aquaculture Stewardship Council, Aquarium, Aransas Pass, Texas, Arthropod eye, Arthropod mouthparts, Asia, Associated Press, Athenaeus, Atyopsis, Australian Museum, BBC News, Bee shrimp, Binomial nomenclature, Bivalvia, Bopyridae, Bottom trawling, Branchiopoda, Brazil, Brine shrimp, Brood pouch (Peracarida), Brownsville, Texas, Bycatch, Cajuns, Calcium, California Gold Rush, Callum Roberts, Canned fish, Caprella mutica, Caprellidae, Carapace, Caridea, Caridina multidentata, Caridoid escape reaction, Carl Linnaeus, Carroll Lane Fenton, Cephalothorax, ..., Cetacea, Chela (organ), Chemoreceptor, Chiapas, China, Chinese white shrimp, Chitin, Cholesterol, Circumscriptional name, Clade, Clam, Clam shrimp, Cleaner shrimp, Colloquialism, Commercial fish feed, Common name, Crab, Crangon, Crangon crangon, Cretaceous, Crustacean, Decapod anatomy, Decapoda, Deipnosophistae, Dendrobranchiata, Dormancy, Dover Publications, Dried shrimp, Early Jurassic, Ecdysis, Ecology of the San Francisco Estuary, Edward III of England, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Estuary, Evolution (journal), Eyestalk, Fenner A. Chace Jr., Fermentation in food processing, Fernandina Beach, Florida, Filter feeder, Fish, Fish hatchery, Fish meal, Fish processing, Fish trap, Fishing bait, Fishing trawler, Fishing weir, Food allergy, Food Allergy Research & Education, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food chain, Food energy, Fossil, Frederick Stratten Russell, Fresh water, Georges Cuvier, Gill, Gram, Greenpeace, Hermaphrodite, Heterocarpus ensifer, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Human rights, Hydrobiologia, Hymenocera, Inbreeding depression, Incidental catch, India, Indian prawn, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indonesia, Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, Intromittent organ, Iodine, Island Press, Japan, Jewish cuisine, Johan Hjort, John Wiley & Sons, Kashrut, Kilogram, Krill, Lamella (surface anatomy), Latin America, Lipke Holthuis, Litopenaeus setiferus, Living fossil, Lobster, Lophogastrida, Lysmata amboinensis, Lysmata debelius, Malacostraca, Mandible, Mangrove, Mantis, Mantis shrimp, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Marine Life Information Network, Maxilla (arthropod mouthpart), Mazatlán, Mercury in fish, Merriam-Webster, Microbial cyst, Middle English, Middle Low German, Mildred Adams Fenton, Mineralization (biology), Monophyly, Morgan City, Louisiana, Moulting, Mysida, Natantia, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Necrosis, Neocaridina, Neocaridina davidi, Neontology, Notostraca, Old Norse, Omega-3 fatty acid, Omnivore, Ostracod, Overfishing, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Pacific Northwest, Pain in crustaceans, Palaemon serratus, Palaemonetes, Palaeos, Pandalus borealis, Paraphyly, Parthenogenesis, PDF, Pearl River Delta, Pelagic zone, Penaeidae, Penaeus monodon, Periclimenes imperator, Peter Ward (paleontologist), Phylogenetic tree, Pleocyemata, Pompeii, Port of Brunswick, Prawn, Procarididea, Protein, Roe, Rostrum (anatomy), Scientific terminology, Sea anemone, Sea cucumber, Sea slug, Sea turtle, Sea-Monkeys, Seine fishing, Seta, Shellfish, Shoaling and schooling, Shrimp and prawn as food, Shrimp baiting, Shrimp farming, Shrimp fishery, Shrimp marketing, Sister group, Somite, Spanish moss, Spiny lobster, Springer Science+Business Media, St. Augustine, Florida, Stanford University Press, Stenopodidea, Stenopus hispidus, Sushi, Swarm behaviour, Symbiosis, Takashi Amano, Taxon, Telson, Thailand, Thalassinidea, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, The Guardian, The New York Times, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, The Shrimp Girl, Thomas Pennant, Tiger pistol shrimp, Tonne, Trachysalambria curvirostris, Trawling, Triassic, Triglyceride, Triops longicaudatus, United States, United States dollar, University of California Press, University of Tasmania, Uropod, Vernacular, Vernal pool, Vietnam, Western Europe, Whale, Whiteleg shrimp, William Hogarth, Winch, Windrow, World Health Organization, World Register of Marine Species, Yellow prawn-goby, Zoologische Mededelingen. Expand index (214 more) » « Shrink index
Academic Press is an academic book publisher.
Acetes is a genus of small shrimp that resemble krill, which is native throughout the seas of Asia.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
Alpheidae is a family of caridean snapping shrimp characterized by having asymmetrical claws, the larger of which is typically capable of producing a loud snapping sound.
Amphipoda is an order of malacostracan crustaceans with no carapace and generally with laterally compressed bodies.
Anatoly Liberman (Анато́лий Си́монович Либерма́н; born March 10, 1937, Leningrad) is a linguist, medievalist, etymologist, poet, translator of poetry (mainly from and into Russian), and literary critic.
An anchialine pool or pond (pronounced "AN-key-ah-lin", from Greek ankhialos, "near the sea") is a landlocked body of water with a subterranean connection to the ocean.
Ancylomenes pedersoni, sometimes known as Pederson's shrimp, is a species of cleaner shrimp.
Anostraca is one of the four orders of crustaceans in the class Branchiopoda; its members are also known as fairy shrimp.
Antennae (singular: antenna), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.
In invertebrate biology, an appendage (or outgrowth) is an external body part, or natural prolongation, that protrudes from an organism's body (in vertebrate biology, an example would be a vertebrate's limbs).
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Aquaculture is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on aquaculture, published by Elsevier.
Sea cucumber stocks have been overexploited in the wild, resulting in incentives to grow them by aquaculture.
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is an independent non-profit organisation and labelling organization that establishes protocol on farmed seafood while ensuring sustainable aquaculture.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Aransas Pass is a city in Aransas, Nueces, and San Patricio Counties in the U.S. state of Texas.
Apposition eyes are the most common form of eye, and are presumably the ancestral form of compound eye.
The mouthparts of arthropods have evolved into a number of forms, each adapted to a different style or mode of feeding.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.
Atyopsis is a genus of freshwater shrimp from Southeast Asia.
The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Caridina cantonensis, the bee shrimp, is a species of small freshwater shrimp in the family Atyidae.
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.
The Bopyridae are a family of isopod crustaceans in the suborder Cymothoida.
Bottom trawling is trawling (towing a trawl, which is a fishing net) along the sea floor.
Branchiopoda is a class of crustaceans.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Artemia is a genus of aquatic crustaceans also known as brine shrimp.
The marsupium or brood pouch, is a characteristic feature of Peracarida, including the orders Amphipoda, Isopoda and Cumacea.
Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States.
Bycatch, in the fishing industry, is a fish or other marine species that is caught unintentionally while catching certain target species and target sizes of fish, crabs etc.
The Cajuns (Louisiana les Cadiens), also known as Acadians (Louisiana les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, and in The Maritimes as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia (L'Acadie) in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
Callum Michael Roberts is a marine conservation biologist, oceanographer, author, research scholar at the University of York, England.
Canned fish are fish which have been processed, sealed in an airtight container such as a sealed tin can, and subjected to heat.
Caprella mutica, commonly known as the Japanese skeleton shrimp, is a species of skeleton shrimp.
Caprellidae is a family of amphipods commonly known as skeleton shrimps.
A carapace is a dorsal (upper) section of the exoskeleton or shell in a number of animal groups, including arthropods, such as crustaceans and arachnids, as well as vertebrates, such as turtles and tortoises.
The Caridea, commonly known as caridean shrimp, are an infraorder of shrimp within the order Decapoda.
Caridina multidentata is a species of shrimp in the family Atyidae.
The caridoid escape reaction, also known as lobstering or tail-flipping, refers to an innate escape mechanism in marine and freshwater crustaceans such as lobsters, krill, shrimp and crayfish.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Carroll Lane Fenton (12 February 1900, Butler County, Iowa - 16 November 1969, New Brunswick, New Jersey) was a geologist, paleontologist, neoichnologist, and historian of science.
The cephalothorax, also called prosoma in some groups, is a tagma of various arthropods, comprising the head and the thorax fused together, as distinct from the abdomen behind.
Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.
A chela, also named claw, nipper, or pincer, is a pincer-like organ terminating certain limbs of some arthropods.
A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces (responds to) a chemical substance (endogenous or induced) and generates a biological signal.
Chiapas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the 31 states that with Mexico City make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese white shrimp, oriental shrimp, or fleshy prawn (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) is a species of shrimp.
Chitin (C8H13O5N)n, a long-chain polymer of ''N''-acetylglucosamine, is a derivative of glucose.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
In biological classification, circumscriptional names are taxon names that are not ruled by ICZN and are defined by the particular set of members included.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
Clam is a common name for several kinds of bivalve molluscs.
Clam shrimp are a taxon of bivalved branchiopod crustaceans that resemble the unrelated bivalved molluscs.
Cleaner shrimp is a common name for a number of swimming decapod crustaceans, that clean other organisms of parasites.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
Manufactured feeds are an important part of modern commercial aquaculture, providing the balanced nutrition needed by farmed fish.
In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized.
Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.
Crangon is a genus of shrimp.
Crangon crangon is a commercially important species of caridean shrimp fished mainly in the southern North Sea, although also found in the Irish Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Black Sea, as well as off much of Scandinavia and parts of Morocco's Atlantic coast.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
The decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp or prawn, is made up of 20 body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the pleon (abdomen).
The Decapoda or decapods (literally "ten-footed") are an order of crustaceans within the class Malacostraca, including many familiar groups, such as crayfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, and shrimp.
The Deipnosophistae is an early 3rd-century AD Greek work (Δειπνοσοφισταί, Deipnosophistaí, lit. "The Dinner Sophists/Philosophers/Experts") by the Greco-Egyptian author Athenaeus of Naucratis.
Dendrobranchiata is a suborder of decapod shrimps, commonly known as prawns.
Dormancy is a period in an organism's life cycle when growth, development, and (in animals) physical activity are temporarily stopped.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
Dried shrimp are shrimp that have been sun-dried and shrunk to a thumbnail size.
The Early Jurassic epoch (in chronostratigraphy corresponding to the Lower Jurassic series) is the earliest of three epochs of the Jurassic period.
Ecdysis is the moulting of the cuticle in many invertebrates of the clade Ecdysozoa.
The San Francisco Estuary together with the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta represents a highly altered ecosystem.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) is an encyclopedia on the science of sustainable development and conservation of life support systems on earth.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Evolution, the International Journal of Organic Evolution, is a monthly scientific journal that publishes significant new results of empirical or theoretical investigations concerning facts, processes, mechanics, or concepts of evolutionary phenomena and events.
In anatomy, an eyestalk (sometimes spelled as eye stalk or known as an ommatophore) is a protrusion that extends the eye away from the body, giving the eye a better field of vision.
Fenner Albert Chace Jr. (October 5, 1908 – May 30, 2004) was an American carcinologist.
Fermentation in food processing is the process of converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids using microorganisms—yeasts or bacteria—under anaerobic conditions.
Fernandina Beach is a city in Nassau County, Florida, United States, on Amelia Island.
Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
A fish hatchery is a place for artificial breeding, hatching, and rearing through the early life stages of animals—finfish and shellfish in particular.
Fish meal, or fishmeal, is a commercial product mostly made from fish that are not generally used for human consumption; a small portion is made from the bones and offal left over from processing fish used for human consumption, while the larger percentage is manufactured from wild-caught, small marine fish; either unmanaged by-catch or sometimes sustainable fish stocks.
The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer.
A fish trap is a trap used for fishing.
Fishing bait is any substance used to attract and catch fish, e.g. on the end of a fishing hook, or inside a fish trap.
A fishing trawler is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls.
A fishing weir, fish weir, fishgarth or kiddle is an obstruction placed in tidal waters, or wholly or partially across a river, to direct the passage of, or trap fish.
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.
Food Allergy Research & Education (FARE) is the world’s largest non-profit organization dedicated to food allergy awareness, education, research, and advocacy; the group provides information, programs, and resources about food allergies and anaphylaxis.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
Food energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from food through the process of cellular respiration.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Sir Frederick Stratten Russell (3 November 1897 – 5 June 1984) was an English marine biologist.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier (23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
In biology, a hermaphrodite is an organism that has complete or partial reproductive organs and produces gametes normally associated with both male and female sexes.
Heterocarpus ensifer is a species of deep-water shrimp.
Hugh Christopher Edmund Fearnley-Whittingstall (born 14 January 1965) is an English celebrity chef, television personality, journalist, food writer and campaigner on food and environmental issues, known for his back-to-basics philosophy.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Hydrobiologia: The International Journal of Aquatic Sciences is a scientific journal specialising in hydrobiology, including limnology and oceanography, systematics of aquatic organisms and aquatic ecology.
Hymenocera picta, commonly known as the harlequin shrimp, is a species of saltwater shrimp found at coral reefs in the tropical Indian and Pacific oceans.
Inbreeding depression is the reduced biological fitness in a given population as a result of inbreeding, or breeding of related individuals.
In fishing, incidental catch is that part of the catch which was not originally targeted, but was caught and retained anyway.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus, formerly Penaeus indicus), is one of the major commercial prawn species of the world.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) provides the byproducts, including waste, from one aquatic species as inputs (fertilizers, food) for another.
An intromittent organ is a general term for an external organ of a male organism that is specialized to deliver sperm during copulation.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Island Press is a nonprofit, environmental publisher based in Washington, D.C., that specializes in natural history, ecology, conservation, and the built environment.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jewish cuisine is a diverse collection of cooking traditions of the Jewish people worldwide.
Johan Hjort (18 February 1869, in Christiania – 7 October 1948, in Oslo) was a Norwegian fisheries scientist, marine zoologist, and oceanographer.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
Krill are small crustaceans of the order Euphausiacea, and are found in all the world's oceans.
Lamellae on a gecko's foot. In surface anatomy, a lamella is a thin plate-like structure, often one amongst many lamellae very close to one another, with open space between.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Lipke Bijdeley Holthuis (21 April 1921 – 7 March 2008) was a Dutch carcinologist, considered one of the "undisputed greats" of carcinology, and "the greatest carcinologist of our time".
Litopenaeus setiferus (formerly Penaeus setiferus, and known by various common names including white shrimp, gray shrimp, lake shrimp, green shrimp, green-tailed shrimp, blue-tailed shrimp, rainbow shrimp, Daytona shrimp, common shrimp, southern shrimp, and, in Mexico, camaron blanco) is a species of prawn found along the Atlantic coast of North America and in the Gulf of Mexico.
A living fossil is an extant taxon that closely resembles organisms otherwise known only from the fossil record.
Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.
Lophogastrida is an order of malacostracan crustaceans in the superorder Peracarida, comprising shrimp-like animals that mostly inhabit the relatively deep pelagic waters of the oceans throughout the world.
Lysmata amboinensis is an omnivorous shrimp species known by several common names including the Pacific cleaner shrimp.
Lysmata debelius is a species of cleaner shrimp indigenous to the Indo-Pacific.
Malacostraca is the largest of the six classes of crustaceans, containing about 40,000 living species, divided among 16 orders.
The mandible, lower jaw or jawbone is the largest, strongest and lowest bone in the human face.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Mantises are an order (Mantodea) of insects that contains over 2,400 species in about 430 genera in 15 families.
Mantis shrimps, or stomatopods, are marine crustaceans of the order Stomatopoda.
The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (MBA) is a learned society with a scientific laboratory that undertakes research in marine biology.
The Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN) is an information system for marine biodiversity for Great Britain and Ireland.
In arthropods, the maxillae (singular maxilla) are paired structures present on the head as mouthparts in members of the clade Mandibulata, used for tasting and manipulating food.
Mazatlán is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa.
Fish and shellfish concentrate mercury in their bodies, often in the form of methylmercury, a highly toxic organic compound of mercury.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
A microbial cyst is a resting or dormant stage of a microorganism, usually a bacterium or a protist or rarely an invertebrate animal, that helps the organism to survive in unfavorable environmental conditions.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Middle Low German or Middle Saxon (ISO 639-3 code gml) is a language that is the descendant of Old Saxon and the ancestor of modern Low German.
Mildred Adams Fenton (1899–1995) trained in paleontology and geology at the University of Iowa.
In biology, mineralization refers to a process where an inorganic substance precipitates in an organic matrix.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
Morgan City is a city in St. Mary Parish in the State of Louisiana.
In biology, moulting (British English), or molting (American English), also known as sloughing, shedding, or in many invertebrates, ecdysis, is the manner in which an animal routinely casts off a part of its body (often, but not always, an outer layer or covering), either at specific times of the year, or at specific points in its life cycle.
Mysida is an order of small, shrimp-like crustaceans in the malacostracan superorder Peracarida.
Natantia (Boas, 1880) is an obsolete taxon of decapod crustaceans, comprising those families that move predominantly by swimming – the shrimp (comprising Caridea and Procarididea), prawns (Dendrobranchiata) and boxer shrimp.
The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is a United States federal agency, responsible for the stewardship of national marine resources.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
Neocaridina is a genus of atyid shrimp, containing the following species.
Neocaridina davidi is a freshwater shrimp from Taiwan which is commonly kept in aquariums.
Neontology is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology, deals with living (or, more generally, recent) organisms.
The order Notostraca comprises the single family Triopsidae, containing the tadpole shrimp or shield shrimp.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
Omnivore is a consumption classification for animals that have the capability to obtain chemical energy and nutrients from materials originating from plant and animal origin.
Ostracods, or ostracodes, are a class of the Crustacea (class Ostracoda), sometimes known as seed shrimp.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
The question of whether crustaceans experience pain is a matter of scientific debate.
Palaemon serratus, also called the common prawn, is a species of shrimp found in the Atlantic Ocean from Denmark to Mauritania, and in the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea.
Palaemonetes is a genus of caridean shrimp comprising a geographically diverse group of fresh water, brackish and marine crustaceans.
Palaeos.com is a web site on biology, paleontology, phylogeny and geology and which covers the history of Earth.
Pandalus borealis is a species of caridean shrimp found in cold parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.
Parthenogenesis (from the Greek label + label) is a natural form of asexual reproduction in which growth and development of embryos occur without fertilization.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD), also known as Zhujiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea.
The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean, and can be further divided into regions by depth.
Penaeidae is a family of marine crustacean in the suborder Dendrobranchiata, which are often referred to as penaeid shrimp or penaeid prawns.
Penaeus monodon, commonly known as the giant tiger prawn or Asian tiger shrimp (and also known by other common names), is a marine crustacean that is widely reared for food.
Periclimenes imperator, known as the emperor shrimp, is a species of shrimp with a wide distribution across the Indo-Pacific.
Peter Douglas Ward (born 1949) is an American paleontologist and professor at the University of Washington, Seattle, and Sprigg Institute of Geobiology at the University of Adelaide.
A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a branching diagram or "tree" showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species or other entities—their phylogeny—based upon similarities and differences in their physical or genetic characteristics.
Pleocyemata is a suborder of decapod crustaceans, erected by Martin Burkenroad in 1963.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
The Port of Brunswick is an Atlantic seaport located in Brunswick, Georgia, United States, in the southeast corner of the state.
Prawn is a common name for small aquatic crustaceans with an exoskeleton and ten legs (i.e. a member of the order decapoda), some of which can be eaten.
Procarididea is an infraorder of decapods, comprising only eleven species.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Roe or hard roe is the fully ripe internal egg masses in the ovaries, or the released external egg masses of fish and certain marine animals, such as shrimp, scallop and sea urchins.
In anatomy, the term rostrum (from the Latin rostrum meaning beak) is used for a number of phylogenetically unrelated structures in different groups of animals.
Scientific terminology is the part of the language that is used by scientists in the context of their professional activities.
Sea anemones are a group of marine, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria.
Sea cucumbers are echinoderms from the class Holothuroidea.
Sea slug is a common name for some marine invertebrates with varying levels of resemblance to terrestrial slugs.
Sea turtles (superfamily Chelonioidea), sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order Testudines.
Sea-Monkeys is a brand name for brine shrimp—a group of crustaceans that undergo cryptobiosis—sold in hatching kits as novelty aquarium pets.
Seine fishing (or seine-haul fishing) is a method of fishing that employs a fishing net called a seine, that hangs vertically in the water with its bottom edge held down by weights and its top edge buoyed by floats.
In biology, setae (singular seta; from the Latin word for "bristle") are any of a number of different bristle- or hair-like structures on living organisms.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling (pronounced), and if the group is swimming in the same direction in a coordinated manner, they are schooling (pronounced). In common usage, the terms are sometimes used rather loosely.
Shrimp and prawn are important types of seafood that are consumed worldwide.
Shrimp baiting is a method used by recreational fisherman for of catching shrimp.
Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns (crustaceans of the groups Caridea or Dendrobranchiata) for human consumption.
The shrimp fishery is a major global industry, with more than 3.4 million tons caught per year, chiefly in Asia.
Shrimp are marketed and commercialised with several issues in mind.
A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.
Somites (outdated: primitive segments) are divisions of the body of an animal or embryo.
Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) is an epiphytic flowering plant that often grows upon larger trees in tropical and subtropical climates, native to much of Mexico, Bermuda, the Bahamas, Central America, South America, the southern United States, French Polynesia and the West Indies and is also naturalized in Queensland (Australia).
Spiny lobsters, also known as langustas, langouste, or rock lobsters, are a family (Palinuridae) of about 60 species of achelate crustaceans, in the Decapoda Reptantia.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
The Stenopodidea is a small group of decapod crustaceans.
Stenopus hispidus is a shrimp-like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea.
is a Japanese dish of specially prepared, usually with some sugar and salt, combined with a variety of, such as seafood, vegetables, and occasionally tropical fruits.
Swarm behaviour, or swarming, is a collective behaviour exhibited by entities, particularly animals, of similar size which aggregate together, perhaps milling about the same spot or perhaps moving en masse or migrating in some direction.
Symbiosis (from Greek συμβίωσις "living together", from σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different biological organisms, be it mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic.
was a professional track cyclist, photographer, designer, and aquarist.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
The telson is the posterior-most division of the body of an arthropod.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thalassinidea is a former infraorder of decapod crustaceans that live in burrows in muddy bottoms of the world's oceans.
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is a monthly peer-reviewed biomedical journal in the field of clinical nutrition.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology is a scientific journal published by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum in Singapore.
The Shrimp Girl is a painting by the English artist William Hogarth.
Thomas Pennant (14 June OS 1726 – 16 December 1798) was a Welsh naturalist, traveller, writer and antiquarian.
The tiger pistol shrimp (Alpheus bellulus) belongs to the family of snapping shrimp.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Trachysalambria curvirostris (formerly Trachypenaeus curvirostris) is a species of prawn that lives in shallow waters of the Indo-West Pacific.
Trawling is a method of fishing that involves pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats.
The Triassic is a geologic period and system which spans 50.6 million years from the end of the Permian Period 251.9 million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Jurassic Period Mya.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Triops longicaudatus (commonly called longtail tadpole shrimp, American tadpole shrimp, or rice tadpole shrimp) is a freshwater crustacean of the order Notostraca, resembling a miniature horseshoe crab.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Tasmania (UTAS) is a public research university primarily located in Tasmania, Australia.
Uropods are posterior appendages found on a wide variety of crustaceans.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vernal pools, also called vernal ponds or ephemeral pools, are temporary pools of water that provide habitat for distinctive plants and animals.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
Whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei, formerly Penaeus vannamei), also known as Pacific white shrimp or king prawn, is a variety of prawn of the eastern Pacific Ocean commonly caught or farmed for food.
William Hogarth FRSA (10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist.
A winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope (also called "cable" or "wire cable").
A windrow is a row of cut (mown) hay or small grain crop.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is a database that aims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms.
The yellow prawn-goby (Cryptocentrus cinctus) is a species of goby native to the Western Pacific, where it can be found at depths of from in coastal bays and lagoons.
Zoologische Mededelingen is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that publishes papers and monographs on animal systematics.
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