66 relations: Adaptation, Australia, Biome, Botany, Browsing (herbivory), California, Cambrian, Canopy (biology), Chaparral, Chile, Chilean Matorral, Coastal sage scrub, Deserts and xeric shrublands, Dominance (ecology), Ecology, Florida scrub, Forest, France, Fynbos, Garrigue, Greece, Heath, Herbaceous plant, Israel, Italy, Juniperus ashei, Kwongan, Lignotuber, Logging, Maquis shrubland, Matorral, Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub, Mediterranean Sea, Mexico, Moorland, Northern coastal scrub, Overgrazing, Plant community, Plant life-form, Plant stem, Poaceae, Portugal, Prostrate shrub, Schist, Sclerophyll, Semi-arid climate, Shrub, Shrub swamp, ..., Shrub-steppe, Silurian, South Africa, South West, Western Australia, Spain, Species, Storage organ, Subshrub, Texas Hill Country, Vegetation, Vegetation type, Western Australia, Western Cape, Woodland, Woody plant, World Wide Fund for Nature. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Cambrian Period was the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era, and of the Phanerozoic Eon.
In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.
Chaparral is a shrubland or heathland plant community found primarily in the US state of California and in the northern portion of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chilean Matorral (NT1201) is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile, located on the west coast of South America.
Coastal sage scrub, also known as coastal scrub, CSS, or soft chaparral, is a low scrubland plant community of the California coastal sage and chaparral subecoregion, found in coastal California and northwestern coastal Baja California.
Deserts and xeric shrublands are a biome characterized by receiving only a small amount of moisture, usually defined as less than 250 mm of annual precipitation.
Ecological dominance is the degree to which a taxon is more numerous than its competitors in an ecological community, or makes up more of the biomass.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
Florida sand pine scrub is an endangered subtropical forest ecoregion found throughout Florida in the United States.
A forest is a large area dominated by trees.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Fynbos (meaning fine-leaved plants) is a small belt of natural shrubland or heathland vegetation located in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa.
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.
A heath is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation.
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Juniperus ashei (Ashe juniper, post cedar, mountain cedar, or blueberry juniper) is a drought-tolerant evergreen tree, native to northeastern Mexico and the south-central United States north to southern Missouri; the largest areas are in central Texas, where extensive stands occur.
Kwongan is an ecoregion found in south-western Western Australia.
A lignotuber is a woody swelling of the root crown possessed by some plants as a protection against destruction of the plant stem, such as by fire.
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
Low Maquis in Corsica High ''macchia'' in Sardinia Maquis (French) or macchia (Italian: macchia mediterranea) is a shrubland biome in the Mediterranean region, typically consisting of densely growing evergreen shrubs.
Springtime in Chilean matorral a few kilometers north of Santiago along the Pan-American Highway Matorral is a Spanish word, along with tomillares, for shrubland, thicket or bushes.
In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub are generally characterized by dry summers and rainy winters, although in some areas rainfall may be uniform.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.
Northern coastal scrub is a scrubland plant community of California and Oregon.
Overgrazing occurs when plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods.
A plant community (sometimes "phytocoenosis" or "phytocenosis") is a collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.
Plant life-form schemes constitute a way of classifying plants alternatively to the ordinary species-genus-family scientific classification.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A prostrate shrub is a woody plant, most of the branches of which lie upon or just above the ground, rather than being held erect as are the branches of most trees and shrubs.
Schist (pronounced) is a medium-grade metamorphic rock with medium to large, flat, sheet-like grains in a preferred orientation (nearby grains are roughly parallel).
Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves, short internodes (the distance between leaves along the stem) and leaf orientation parallel or oblique to direct sunlight.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant.
Shrub swamps — also called scrub swamps or buttonbush swamps — are a type of freshwater wetland ecosystem occurring in areas too wet to become swamps (“true” or freshwater swamp forest), but too dry or too shallow to become marshes.
Shrub-steppe is a type of low rainfall natural grassland.
The Silurian is a geologic period and system spanning 24.6 million years from the end of the Ordovician Period, at million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Devonian Period, Mya.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Names such as the South West or "South West corner", in Western Australian contexts, refer to a region that has been defined in several different ways.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy (generally in the form of carbohydrates) or water.
A subshrub (Latin suffrutex) or dwarf shrub is a short woody plant.
The Texas Hill Country is a geographic region located in the Edwards Plateau at the crossroads of West Texas, Central Texas, and South Texas.
Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide.
Vegetation type or plant community refers to members of a group or aspect of plants that are often found growing in an area together (plant associates), or that share similar environmental conditions, characterized by the presence of one or more dominant species.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The Western Cape (Wes-Kaap, Ntshona Koloni) is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country.
Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.
A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.