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Index Shtetl

Shtetlekh (שטעטל, shtetl (singular), שטעטלעך, shtetlekh (plural)) were small towns with large Jewish populations, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust. [1]

76 relations: Alexander III of Russia, Antisemitism, Ashkenazi Jews, Austria-Hungary, Biłgoraj, Brody, Central Europe, Chaim Goldberg, Chernivtsi, Congress Poland, Deliatyn, Devorah Baron, Eastern Europe, Emmanuel Mane-Katz, Everything Is Illuminated, Fiddler on the Roof, Fiddler on the Roof (film), Frontline (U.S. TV series), Galicia (Eastern Europe), Gentile, Harry Turtledove, Hasidic Judaism, History of the Jews in Bessarabia, History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia, History of the Jews in Poland, History of the Jews in the Soviet Union, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Internment, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Jewish diaspora, Jewish Encyclopedia, Jonathan Safran Foer, Joseph Roth, Kiryas Joel, New York, Klezmer, List of Hasidic dynasties, List of shtetls, List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust, Lviv, Magnate, Marc Chagall, Mark Zborowski, Market town, May Laws, Miasteczko, Midstream (magazine), Minsk, Musical theatre, New Square, New York, Orthodox Judaism, ..., Pale of Settlement, PBS, Phoebe Gilman, Pilpul, Pirkei Avot, Pogrom, Princeton University Press, Proletariat, Qırmızı Qəsəbə, Romania, Russian Empire, Sholem Aleichem, Shtetl, Shtetl (film), Simeon the Just, Simon Wiesenthal Center, Talmud, The Holocaust, Torah, Trochenbrod, Tzedakah, Yale University Press, Yentl (film), Yeshiva, Yiddish, Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern. Expand index (26 more) »

Alexander III of Russia

Alexander III (r; 1845 1894) was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from until his death on.

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Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.

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Ashkenazi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.

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Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

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Biłgoraj (בילגאריי, Bilgoray, Білґорай) is a town in south-eastern Poland with about 27,100 inhabitants (2014).

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Brody (Броди; Brody; Brody; Brody; Brody) is a city in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine.

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Central Europe

Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.

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Chaim Goldberg

Chaim Goldberg (March 20, 1917 – June 26, 2004) was a Polish-Jewish artist, painter, sculptor, and engraver.

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Chernivtsi (Černivci; see also other names) is a city in western Ukraine, situated on the upper course of the River Prut.

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Congress Poland

The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.

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Delatyn (Делятин, Delatyn, דעלאטין) is an urban-type settlement in Nadvirna Raion (district) of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (region) of Ukraine.

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Devorah Baron

Devorah Baron (also spelled Dvora Baron and Deborah Baron) (December 4, 1887 - August 20, 1956) was a pioneering Jewish writer, noted for writing in Modern Hebrew and for making a career as a Hebrew author.

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Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.

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Emmanuel Mane-Katz

Emmanuel Mané-Katz (Hebrew:מאנה כץ), born Mane Leyzerovich Kats (1894–1962), was a Litvak painter born in Kremenchuk, Ukraine, best known for his depictions of the Jewish shtetl in Eastern Europe.

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Everything Is Illuminated

Everything Is Illuminated is the first novel by the American writer Jonathan Safran Foer, published in 2002.

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Fiddler on the Roof

Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in the Pale of Settlement of Imperial Russia in 1905.

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Fiddler on the Roof (film)

Fiddler on the Roof is a 1971 American musical comedy-drama film produced and directed by Norman Jewison.

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Frontline (U.S. TV series)

Frontline (styled by the program as FRONTLINE) is the flagship investigative journalism series of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), producing in-depth documentaries on a variety of domestic and international stories and issues, and broadcasting them on air and online.

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Galicia (Eastern Europe)

Galicia (Ukrainian and Галичина, Halyčyna; Galicja; Czech and Halič; Galizien; Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Galiția/Halici; Галиция, Galicija; גאַליציע Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine.

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Gentile (from Latin gentilis, by the French gentil, feminine: gentille, meaning of or belonging to a clan or a tribe) is an ethnonym that commonly means non-Jew.

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Harry Turtledove

Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American novelist, best known for his work in the genres of alternate history, historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction.

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Hasidic Judaism

Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.

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History of the Jews in Bessarabia

The history of the Jews in Bessarabia, a historical region in Eastern Europe, dates back hundreds of years.

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History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia

The last antebellum census in Hungary, 1910.

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History of the Jews in Poland

The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.

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History of the Jews in the Soviet Union

The history of the Jews in the Soviet Union is inextricably linked to much earlier expansionist policies of the Tsarist Russia conquering and ruling the eastern half of the European continent already before the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.

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Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.

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Isaac Bashevis Singer

Isaac Bashevis Singer (יצחק באַשעװיס זינגער; November 21, 1902 – July 24, 1991) was a Polish-born Jewish writer in Yiddish, awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1978.

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Jewish diaspora

The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfutza, תְּפוּצָה) or exile (Hebrew: Galut, גָּלוּת; Yiddish: Golus) is the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and their subsequent settlement in other parts of the globe.

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Jewish Encyclopedia

The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.

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Jonathan Safran Foer

Jonathan Safran Foer (born February 21, 1977) is an American novelist.

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Joseph Roth

Joseph Roth, born Moses Joseph Roth (2 September 1894 – 27 May 1939), was an Austrian-Jewish journalist and novelist, best known for his family saga Radetzky March (1932), about the decline and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, his novel of Jewish life, Job (1930), and his seminal essay "Juden auf Wanderschaft" (1927; translated into English in The Wandering Jews), a fragmented account of the Jewish migrations from eastern to western Europe in the aftermath of World War I and the Russian Revolution.

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Kiryas Joel, New York

Kiryas Joel (קרית יואל, Kiryas Yoyel,, often locally abbreviated as KJ) is a village within the town of Monroe in Orange County, New York, United States.

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Klezmer (Yiddish: כליזמר or קלעזמער (klezmer), pl.: כליזמרים (klezmorim) – instruments of music) is a musical tradition of the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern Europe.

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List of Hasidic dynasties

A Hasidic dynasty is a dynasty led by Hasidic Jewish spiritual leaders known as rebbes, and usually has some or all of the following characteristics.

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List of shtetls

This list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre-World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.

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List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust

Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust.

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Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.

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Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus, 'great', designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities.

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Marc Chagall

Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.

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Mark Zborowski

Mark Zborowski (January 27, 1908 – April 30, 1990) (AKA "Marc" Zborowski or Etienne) was an anthropologist and an NKVD agent (Venona codenames TULIP and KANT, VENONA Documents (Release 1), at www.nsa.gov (Accessed 9 February 2013)).

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Market town

Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.

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May Laws

Temporary regulations regarding the Jews (also known as May Laws) were proposed by minister of internal affairs Nikolai Ignatyev and enacted on 15 May (3 May O.S.), 1882, by the Emperor Alexander III of Russia.

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A miasteczko ("small town"; mistechko; r) was a historical type of urban settlement in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and (after the partition) in the Russian Empire, similar to a market town.

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Midstream (magazine)

Midstream is a magazine established by the Theodor Herzl Foundation, New York, described as an "intellectual Zionist journal".

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Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.

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Musical theatre

Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.

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New Square, New York

New Square (ניו סקווער, שיכון סקווירא) is an all-Hasidic village in the town of Ramapo, Rockland County, New York, United States.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.

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Pale of Settlement

The Pale of Settlement (Черта́ осе́длости,, דער תּחום-המושבֿ,, תְּחוּם הַמּוֹשָב) was a western region of Imperial Russia with varying borders that existed from 1791 to 1917, in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed and beyond which Jewish permanent or temporary residency was mostly forbidden.

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The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Phoebe Gilman

Phoebe Gilman (April 4, 1940 – August 29, 2002) was a Canadian-American children's book author and illustrator.

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The Hebrew term pilpul (פלפול, from "pepper," loosely meaning "sharp analysis") refers to a method of studying the Talmud through intense textual analysis in attempts to either explain conceptual differences between various halakhic rulings or to reconcile any apparent contradictions presented from various readings of different texts.

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Pirkei Avot

Pirkei Avot (פרקי אבות) (also spelled as Pirkei Avoth or Pirkei Avos or Pirke Aboth), which translates to English as Chapters of the Fathers, is a compilation of the ethical teachings and maxims passed down to the Rabbis, beginning with Moses and onwards.

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The term pogrom has multiple meanings, ascribed most often to the deliberate persecution of an ethnic or religious group either approved or condoned by the local authorities.

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Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).

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Qırmızı Qəsəbə

Qırmızı Qəsəbə (/gɯɾmɯzɯ gæsæbæ/, Красная Слобода, Krasnaya Sloboda, Red Town) is a village and municipality in Quba District of Azerbaijan.

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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Sholem Aleichem

Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich, better known under his pen name Sholem Aleichem (Yiddish and שלום־עליכם, also spelled in Yiddish; Russian and Шо́лом-Але́йхем) (– May 13, 1916), was a leading Yiddish author and playwright.

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Shtetlekh (שטעטל, shtetl (singular), שטעטלעך, shtetlekh (plural)) were small towns with large Jewish populations, which existed in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.

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Shtetl (film)

Shtetl is a 1996 American documentary film that was produced and directed by Marian Marzynski.

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Simeon the Just

Simeon the Righteous or Simeon the Just (שמעון הצדיק Shimon HaTzaddik) was a Jewish High Priest during the time of the Second Temple.

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Simon Wiesenthal Center

The Simon Wiesenthal Center (often abbreviated SWC), with headquarters in Los Angeles, California, United States, was established in 1977 and named for Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal.

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The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.

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The Holocaust

The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.

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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.

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Trochenbrod or Trohinbrod, also in Polish: Zofjówka (pl), or in Софиевка (Sofievka), in Трохимбрід (Trokhymbrid),, was an exclusively Jewish shtetl – a small town, with an area of – located in the gmina Silno, powiat Łuck of the Wołyń Voivodeship, in the Second Polish Republic.

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Tzedakah or Ṣ'daqah in Classical Hebrew (צדקה), is a Hebrew word literally meaning "justice" or "righteousness," but commonly used to signify charity Notably, this concept of "charity" is different from the modern Western understanding of "charity," which is typically understood as a spontaneous act of goodwill and a marker of generosity, as tzedakah is rather an ethical obligation.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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Yentl (film)

Yentl is a 1983 American romantic musical drama film from United Artists (through MGM), and directed, co-written, co-produced, and starring Barbra Streisand based on the play of the same name by Leah Napolin and Isaac Bashevis Singer, itself based on Singer's short story "Yentl the Yeshiva Boy".

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Yeshiva (ישיבה, lit. "sitting"; pl., yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah.

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Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.

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Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern

Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern (born April 6, 1962) is a historian, philologist and essayist, noted in particular for his studies of the institution of Cantonism, his critique of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's controversial two volume-work about Jews in Russia, Two Hundred Years Together, as well as translations of Jorge Luis Borges' works into Russian.

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Jewish town, Kasrilevke, Schtetl, Shtetel, Shtetele, Shtetlach, Shtetlekh, Shtetls, Shtot, Shtots, Stadtle, Stetel, Stetl, Städtle, דאָרף, שטאָט, שטעטל, שטעטלעך.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shtetl

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