44 relations: Abu Bakr al-Hassar, Altar, Apastamba Dharmasutra, Śrauta, Babylon, Baudhayana sutras, Brahmi numerals, Circle, Commensurability (mathematics), Common Era, Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, Helaine Selin, Indian mathematics, Isosceles triangle, John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Indian Philosophy, K. V. Sarma, Kalpa (Vedanga), Kātyāyana, Manava, Mesopotamia, Pāṇini, Princeton University Press, Pythagorean theorem, Pythagorean triple, Rectangle, Recursion, Rhombus, Right angle, Sanskrit, Sexagesimal, Shatapatha Brahmana, Square, Square root of 2, Sumer, Sutra, Taittiriya Shakha, Trapezoid, Triangle, University of Calcutta, Varaha, Vedas, Vedic period, 0.

## Abu Bakr al-Hassar

Al-Hassar or Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abdallah ibn Ayyash al-Hassar was a Muslim mathematician from Morocco, living in the 12th century.

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## Altar

An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.

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## Apastamba Dharmasutra

Āpastamba Dharmasūtra is a Sanskrit text and one of the oldest Dharma-related texts of Hinduism that have survived into the modern age from the 1st-millennium BCE.

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## Śrauta

Śrauta is a Sanskrit word that means "belonging to śruti", that is, anything based on the Vedas of Hinduism.

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## Babylon

Babylon (KA2.DIĜIR.RAKI Bābili(m); Aramaic: בבל, Babel; بَابِل, Bābil; בָּבֶל, Bavel; ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.

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## Baudhayana sutras

The Baudhayana sūtras are a group of Vedic Sanskrit texts which cover dharma, daily ritual, mathematics, etc.

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## Brahmi numerals

The Brahmi numerals are a numeral system attested from the 3rd century BCE (somewhat later in the case of most of the tens).

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## Circle

A circle is a simple closed shape.

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## Commensurability (mathematics)

In mathematics, two non-zero real numbers a and b are said to be commensurable if their ratio is a rational number; otherwise a and b are called incommensurable.

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## Common Era

Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.

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## Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures is an encyclopedia edited by Helaine Selin and published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in 1997, with a second edition in 2008, and third edition in 2016.

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## Helaine Selin

Helaine Selin (born 1946) is an American librarian, author and the editor of several bestselling books.

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## Indian mathematics

Indian mathematics emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BC until the end of the 18th century.

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## Isosceles triangle

In geometry, an isosceles triangle is a triangle that has two sides of equal length.

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## John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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## Journal of Indian Philosophy

The Journal of Indian Philosophy (print:, online) is an academic journal on philosophy published by Springer.

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## K. V. Sarma

K.

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## Kalpa (Vedanga)

Kalpa (कल्प) means "proper, fit" and is one of the six disciplines of the Vedānga, or ancillary science connected with the Vedas – the scriptures of Hinduism.

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## Kātyāyana

Kātyāyana (कात्यायन) (c. 300 BC) was a Sanskrit grammarian, mathematician and Vedic priest who lived in ancient India.

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## Manava

Manava (c. 750 BC – 690 BC) is an author of the Hindu geometric text of Sulba Sutras. The Manava Sulbasutra is not the oldest (the one by Baudhayana is older), nor is it one of the most important, there being at least three Sulbasutras which are considered more important.

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## Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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## Pāṇini

(पाणिनि, Frits Staal (1965),, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 99-116) is an ancient Sanskrit philologist, grammarian, and a revered scholar in Hinduism.

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## Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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## Pythagorean theorem

In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem, also known as Pythagoras' theorem, is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle.

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## Pythagorean triple

A Pythagorean triple consists of three positive integers,, and, such that.

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## Rectangle

In Euclidean plane geometry, a rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles.

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## Recursion

Recursion occurs when a thing is defined in terms of itself or of its type.

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## Rhombus

In plane Euclidean geometry, a rhombus (plural rhombi or rhombuses) is a simple (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length.

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## Right angle

In geometry and trigonometry, a right angle is an angle of exactly 90° (degrees), corresponding to a quarter turn.

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## Sanskrit

Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.

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## Sexagesimal

Sexagesimal (base 60) is a numeral system with sixty as its base.

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## Shatapatha Brahmana

The Shatapatha Brahmana (IAST:, "Brāhmaṇa of one hundred parts") is a prose text describing Vedic rituals, history and mythology associated with the Śukla Yajurveda.

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## Square

In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.

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## Square root of 2

The square root of 2, or the (1/2)th power of 2, written in mathematics as or, is the positive algebraic number that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number 2.

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## Sumer

SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".

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## Sutra

A sutra (Sanskrit: IAST: sūtra; Pali: sutta) is a religious discourse (teaching) in text form originating from the spiritual traditions of India, particularly Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

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## Taittiriya Shakha

The Taittiriya Shakha is a notable shakha ("rescension") of the Krishna Yajurveda.

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## Trapezoid

In Euclidean geometry, a convex quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides is referred to as a trapezoid in American and Canadian English but as a trapezium in English outside North America.

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## Triangle

A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.

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## University of Calcutta

The University of Calcutta (informally known as Calcutta University or CU) is a public state university located in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India established on 24 January 1857.

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## Varaha

Varaha (वराह, IAST:Varāha) is the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu who takes the form of a boar to rescue goddess earth.

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## Vedas

The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.

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## Vedic period

The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in BCE.

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## 0

0 (zero) is both a number and the numerical digit used to represent that number in numerals.

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## Redirects here:

Mathematics of the Vedic period, Shulba Sutra, Shulba sutra, Shulba sutras, Shulbasutra, Shulbasutras, Shulva-sutras, Sulba Sutras, Sulbasutra, Sulbasutras, Sulbsutra, Sulvasutras, Śulba Sūtras, Śulba sūtra, Śulba sūtras, Śulbasūtra, Śulbasūtras, Śulvasūtra.

## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shulba_Sutras