Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Sialic acid

+ Save concept

Sialic acid is a generic term for the N- or O-substituted derivatives of neuraminic acid, a monosaccharide with a nine-carbon backbone. [1]

53 relations: Acetyl-CoA, Acetylation, Adenoviridae, Bacterial capsule, Carbon, Chromosome 6, Complement system, Cytidine triphosphate, Deuterostome, Epimer, Estradiol, Estrogen, Ethinylestradiol, Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, Ganglioside, Glycoconjugate, Glycolipid, Glycoprotein, Gunnar Blix, Hemagglutinin, Influenza A virus, Lipopolysaccharide, Mannose, Metastasis, Methylation, Monosaccharide, N-Acetylneuraminic acid, Neural cell adhesion molecule, Neuraminic acid, Neuraminidase, Oligosaccharide, Orthomyxoviridae, Oseltamivir, Phosphoenolpyruvic acid, Post-translational modification, Red blood cell, Regulation of gene expression, Reoviridae, Rotavirus, Saliva, Salla disease, Selectin, Sialidase, Sialidosis, Sialoglycoprotein, Sialyltransferase, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Sweden, Synapse, Synaptogenesis, ..., Transferase, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Zanamivir. Expand index (3 more) »

Acetyl-CoA

Acetyl-CoA (acetyl coenzyme A) is a molecule that participates in many biochemical reactions in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

New!!: Sialic acid and Acetyl-CoA · See more »

Acetylation

Acetylation (or in IUPAC nomenclature ethanoylation) describes a reaction that introduces an acetyl functional group into a chemical compound.

New!!: Sialic acid and Acetylation · See more »

Adenoviridae

Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.

New!!: Sialic acid and Adenoviridae · See more »

Bacterial capsule

Some bacterial cells are surrounded by a viscous substance forming a covering layer or envelope around the cell wall.

New!!: Sialic acid and Bacterial capsule · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Sialic acid and Carbon · See more »

Chromosome 6

Chromosome 6 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans.

New!!: Sialic acid and Chromosome 6 · See more »

Complement system

The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells from an organism, promotes inflammation, and attacks the pathogen's cell membrane.

New!!: Sialic acid and Complement system · See more »

Cytidine triphosphate

Cytidine triphosphate is a pyrimidine nucleoside triphosphate.

New!!: Sialic acid and Cytidine triphosphate · See more »

Deuterostome

Deuterostomes (taxonomic term: Deuterostomia; meaning "second mouth" in Greek) are any members of a superphylum of animals.

New!!: Sialic acid and Deuterostome · See more »

Epimer

In stereochemistry, an epimer is one of a pair of stereoisomers.

New!!: Sialic acid and Epimer · See more »

Estradiol

Estradiol (E2), also spelled oestradiol, is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone.

New!!: Sialic acid and Estradiol · See more »

Estrogen

Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

New!!: Sialic acid and Estrogen · See more »

Ethinylestradiol

Ethinylestradiol (EE) is an estrogen medication which is used widely in birth control pills in combination with progestins.

New!!: Sialic acid and Ethinylestradiol · See more »

Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase

Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, often just aldolase, is an enzyme catalyzing a reversible reaction that splits the aldol, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, into the triose phosphates dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P).

New!!: Sialic acid and Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase · See more »

Ganglioside

A ganglioside is a molecule composed of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide) with one or more sialic acids (e.g. n-acetylneuraminic acid, NANA) linked on the sugar chain.

New!!: Sialic acid and Ganglioside · See more »

Glycoconjugate

Glycoconjugates is the general classification for carbohydrates covalently linked with other chemical species such as proteins, peptides, lipids and saccharides.

New!!: Sialic acid and Glycoconjugate · See more »

Glycolipid

Glycolipids are lipids with a carbohydrate attached by a glycosidic bond or covalently bonded.

New!!: Sialic acid and Glycolipid · See more »

Glycoprotein

Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.

New!!: Sialic acid and Glycoprotein · See more »

Gunnar Blix

Fritiof Gunnar Blix (7 September 1894 in Lund – 10 June 1981 in Uppsala) was a Swedish chemist and Professor of Medical and Physiological chemistry at the University of Uppsala.

New!!: Sialic acid and Gunnar Blix · See more »

Hemagglutinin

Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin (British English)p refers to a substance that causes red blood cells (RBCs) to agglutinate.

New!!: Sialic acid and Hemagglutinin · See more »

Influenza A virus

Influenza A virus causes influenza in birds and some mammals, and is the only species of influenza virus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses.

New!!: Sialic acid and Influenza A virus · See more »

Lipopolysaccharide

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Sialic acid and Lipopolysaccharide · See more »

Mannose

Mannose, packaged as the nutritional supplement "d-mannose", is a sugar monomer of the aldohexose series of carbohydrates.

New!!: Sialic acid and Mannose · See more »

Metastasis

Metastasis is a pathogenic agent's spread from an initial or primary site to a different or secondary site within the host's body; it is typically spoken of as such spread by a cancerous tumor.

New!!: Sialic acid and Metastasis · See more »

Methylation

In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.

New!!: Sialic acid and Methylation · See more »

Monosaccharide

Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

New!!: Sialic acid and Monosaccharide · See more »

N-Acetylneuraminic acid

N-Acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac or NANA) is the predominant sialic acid found in mammalian cells.

New!!: Sialic acid and N-Acetylneuraminic acid · See more »

Neural cell adhesion molecule

Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), also called CD56, is a homophilic binding glycoprotein expressed on the surface of neurons, glia and skeletal muscle.

New!!: Sialic acid and Neural cell adhesion molecule · See more »

Neuraminic acid

Neuraminic acid (5-amino-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid) is a 9-carbon monosaccharide (a nonose), a derivative of a ketononose.

New!!: Sialic acid and Neuraminic acid · See more »

Neuraminidase

Neuraminidase enzymes are glycoside hydrolase enzymes that cleave the glycosidic linkages of neuraminic acids.

New!!: Sialic acid and Neuraminidase · See more »

Oligosaccharide

An oligosaccharide (from the Greek ὀλίγος olígos, "a few", and σάκχαρ sácchar, "sugar") is a saccharide polymer containing a small number (typically three to ten) of monosaccharides (simple sugars).

New!!: Sialic acid and Oligosaccharide · See more »

Orthomyxoviridae

The Orthomyxoviruses (ὀρθός, orthós, Greek for "straight"; μύξα, mýxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes seven genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.

New!!: Sialic acid and Orthomyxoviridae · See more »

Oseltamivir

Oseltamivir, sold under the brand name Tamiflu, is an antiviral medication used to treat and prevent influenza A and influenza B (flu).

New!!: Sialic acid and Oseltamivir · See more »

Phosphoenolpyruvic acid

Phosphoenolpyruvate (2-phosphoenolpyruvate, PEP) as the ester derived from the enol of pyruvate and phosphate.

New!!: Sialic acid and Phosphoenolpyruvic acid · See more »

Post-translational modification

Post-translational modification (PTM) refers to the covalent and generally enzymatic modification of proteins following protein biosynthesis.

New!!: Sialic acid and Post-translational modification · See more »

Red blood cell

Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.

New!!: Sialic acid and Red blood cell · See more »

Regulation of gene expression

Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms that are used by cells to increase or decrease the production of specific gene products (protein or RNA), and is informally termed gene regulation.

New!!: Sialic acid and Regulation of gene expression · See more »

Reoviridae

Reoviridae is a family of viruses.

New!!: Sialic acid and Reoviridae · See more »

Rotavirus

Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhoeal disease among infants and young children.

New!!: Sialic acid and Rotavirus · See more »

Saliva

Saliva is a watery substance formed in the mouths of animals, secreted by the salivary glands.

New!!: Sialic acid and Saliva · See more »

Salla disease

Salla disease (SD), also called sialic acid storage disease or Finnish type sialuria, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease characterized by early physical impairment and intellectual disability.

New!!: Sialic acid and Salla disease · See more »

Selectin

The selectins (cluster of differentiation 62 or CD62) are a family of cell adhesion molecules (or CAMs).

New!!: Sialic acid and Selectin · See more »

Sialidase

Sialidases hydrolyse alpha-(2->3)-, alpha-(2->6)-, alpha-(2->8)-glycosidic linkages of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid and synthetic substrates.

New!!: Sialic acid and Sialidase · See more »

Sialidosis

Mucolipidosis type I (ML I) or sialidosis is an inherited lysosomal storage disease that results from a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-N -acetyl neuraminidase (sialidase).

New!!: Sialic acid and Sialidosis · See more »

Sialoglycoprotein

A sialoglycoprotein is a combination of sialic acid and glycoprotein, which is, itself, a combination of sugar and protein.

New!!: Sialic acid and Sialoglycoprotein · See more »

Sialyltransferase

Sialyltransferases are enzymes that transfer sialic acid to nascent oligosaccharide.

New!!: Sialic acid and Sialyltransferase · See more »

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic (under aerobic conditions) or beta-hemolytic (under anaerobic conditions), facultative anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus.

New!!: Sialic acid and Streptococcus pneumoniae · See more »

Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

New!!: Sialic acid and Sweden · See more »

Synapse

In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target efferent cell.

New!!: Sialic acid and Synapse · See more »

Synaptogenesis

Synaptogenesis is the formation of synapses between neurons in the nervous system.

New!!: Sialic acid and Synaptogenesis · See more »

Transferase

A transferase is any one of a class of enzymes that enact the transfer of specific functional groups (e.g. a methyl or glycosyl group) from one molecule (called the donor) to another (called the acceptor).

New!!: Sialic acid and Transferase · See more »

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry is a reference work related to industrial chemistry published in English and German.

New!!: Sialic acid and Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry · See more »

Zanamivir

Zanamivir is a medication used to treat and prevent influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses.

New!!: Sialic acid and Zanamivir · See more »

Redirects here:

C11h19n1o9, Sialate, Sialic acids, Sialination, Sialylation.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sialic_acid

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »