88 relations: Aristotle, Asemic writing, Astrology, Augustine of Hippo, Biology, Bit, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Coincidence, Communication, Cyclic permutation, De doctrina christiana, Discourse, Divination, Edmund Leach, Entity, Epistemology, Ferdinand de Saussure, Flashing sign, Full stop, Gang signal, Gesture, Grapheme, Icon, Icon (computing), Identity of indiscernibles, Ideogram, Image, Information sign, Language, List of gestures, List of symbols, Logic, Logo, Map–territory relation, Mary Douglas, Mathematics, Meaning (linguistics), Medical sign, Medicine, National symbol, Neon sign, Omen, Oneiromancy, Ontology, Parity (mathematics), Parity of a permutation, Pedestrian crossing, People, Philosophy, Philosophy of language, ..., Physical body, Planets in astrology, Poetry, Quality (philosophy), Religion, Religious symbol, Representation (arts), Roland Barthes, Science, Semiosis, Semiotic theory of Charles Sanders Peirce, Semiotics, Ship of Theseus, Sign (linguistics), Sign (mathematics), Sign (semiotics), Sign language, Signage, Signature, Signed number representations, Signedness, Signing, Sorites paradox, Speed limit, Spirituality, Spoor (animal), Stop sign, Structuralism, Symbol, Symptom, Synchronicity, Theology, Thomas Aquinas, Thunder, Tracking (hunting), Traffic sign, Writing, Writing system. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Asemic writing is a wordless open semantic form of writing.
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
Claude Lévi-Strauss (28 November 1908, Brussels – 30 October 2009, Paris) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist whose work was key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.
A coincidence is a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances that have no apparent causal connection with one another.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
In mathematics, and in particular in group theory, a cyclic permutation (or cycle) is a permutation of the elements of some set X which maps the elements of some subset S of X to each other in a cyclic fashion, while fixing (that is, mapping to themselves) all other elements of X. If S has k elements, the cycle is called a k-cycle.
De doctrina christiana (English: On Christian Doctrine or On Christian Teaching) is a theological text written by Saint Augustine of Hippo.
Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.
Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.
Sir Edmund Ronald Leach (7 November 1910 – 6 January 1989) was a British social anthropologist.
An entity is something that exists as itself, as a subject or as an object, actually or potentially, concretely or abstractly, physically or not.
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.
Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician.
A flashing sign is a sign that contains a sequential flashing light source where the period of time of illumination is equal to the period of non-illumination, and is used solely to attract attention in a non-informative way.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
A gang signal is a visual or verbal way gang members identify their affiliation.
A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication in which visible bodily actions communicate particular messages, either in place of, or in conjunction with, speech.
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.
An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
The identity of indiscernibles is an ontological principle that states that there cannot be separate objects or entities that have all their properties in common.
An ideogram or ideograph (from Greek ἰδέα idéa "idea" and γράφω gráphō "to write") is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.
An informative sign is a very legibly printed and very noticeable placard that informs people of the purpose of an object, or gives them instruction on the use of something.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Gestures are a form of nonverbal communication in which visible bodily actions are used to communicate important messages, either in place of speech or together and in parallel with spoken words.
This is a list of graphical signs, icons, and symbols.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
A logo (abbreviation of logotype, from λόγος logos "word" and τύπος typos "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol used to aid and promote public identification and recognition.
The map–territory relation describes the relationship between an object and a representation of that object, as in the relation between a geographical territory and a map of it.
Dame Mary Douglas, (25 March 1921 – 16 May 2007) was a British anthropologist, known for her writings on human culture and symbolism, whose area of speciality was social anthropology.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
In linguistics, meaning is the information or concepts that a sender intends to convey, or does convey, in communication with a receiver.
A medical sign is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a patient or anyone, especially a physician, before or during a physical examination of a patient.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A national symbol is a symbol of any entity considering itself and manifesting itself to the world as a national community: the sovereign states but also nations and countries in a state of colonial or other dependence, (con)federal integration, or even an ethnocultural community considered a 'nationality' despite having no political autonomy.
In the signage industry, neon signs are electric signs lighted by long luminous gas-discharge tubes that contain rarefied neon or other gases.
An omen (also called portent or presage) is a phenomenon that is believed to foretell the future, often signifying the advent of change.
Oneiromancy (from the Greek όνειροϛ oneiros, dream, and μαντεία manteia, prophecy) is a form of divination based upon dreams; it is a system of dream interpretation that uses dreams to predict the future.
Ontology (introduced in 1606) is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.
In mathematics, parity is the property of an integer's inclusion in one of two categories: even or odd.
In mathematics, when X is a finite set of at least two elements, the permutations of X (i.e. the bijective functions from X to X) fall into two classes of equal size: the even permutations and the odd permutations.
A pedestrian crossing (British English) or crosswalk (American English) is a place designated for pedestrians to cross a road.
A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Philosophy of language explores the relationship between language and reality.
In physics, a physical body or physical object (or simply a body or object) is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be constrained by an identifiable boundary, and may move as a unit by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space.
Planets in astrology have a meaning different from the modern astronomical understanding of what a planet is.
Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
In philosophy, a quality is an attribute or a property characteristic of an object.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
A religious symbol is an iconic representation intended to represent a specific religion, or a specific concept within a given religion.
Representation is the use of signs that stand in for and take the place of something else.
Roland Gérard Barthes (12 November 1915 – 26 March 1980) was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Semiosis (from the σημείωσις, sēmeíōsis, a derivation of the verb σημειῶ, sēmeiô, "to mark") is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning.
Charles Sanders Peirce began writing on semiotics, which he also called semeiotics, meaning the philosophical study of signs, in the 1860s, around the time that he devised his system of three categories.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
In the metaphysics of Identity, the ship of Theseus (or Theseus's paradox) is a thought experiment that raises the question of whether a ship—standing for an object in general—that has had all of its components replaced remains fundamentally the same object.
A linguistic sign is a part of language used to indicate a being.
In mathematics, the concept of sign originates from the property of every non-zero real number of being positive or negative.
In semiotics, a sign is anything that communicates a meaning that is not the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign.
Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.
Signage is the design or use of signs and symbols to communicate a message to a specific group, usually for the purpose of marketing or a kind of advocacy.
A signature (from signare, "to sign") is a handwritten (and often stylized) depiction of someone's name, nickname, or even a simple "X" or other mark that a person writes on documents as a proof of identity and intent.
In computing, signed number representations are required to encode negative numbers in binary number systems.
In computing, signedness is a property of data types representing numbers in computer programs.
Signing may refer to.
The sorites paradox (sometimes known as the paradox of the heap) is a paradox that arises from vague predicates.
Road speed limits are used in most countries to set the maximum (or minimum in some cases) speed at which road vehicles may legally travel on particular stretches of road.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
Spoor is a trace or footprints by which the progress of someone or something may be followed.
A stop sign is a traffic sign to notify drivers that they must come to a complete stop and make sure no other cars are coming before proceeding.
In sociology, anthropology, and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that implies elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Synchronicity (Synchronizität) is a concept, first introduced by analytical psychologist Carl Jung, which holds that events are "meaningful coincidences" if they occur with no causal relationship yet seem to be meaningfully related.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Thunder is the sound caused by lightning.
Tracking in hunting and ecology is the science and art of observing animal tracks and other signs, with the goal of gaining understanding of the landscape and the animal being tracked (quarry).
Traffic signs or road signs are signs erected at the side of or above roads to give instructions or provide information to road users.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.