146 relations: Afghan–Sikh Wars, Akali Phula Singh, Alexander Gardner (soldier), Amritsar, Attock, Battle of Aliwal, Battle of Amritsar (1634), Battle of Anandpur (1700), Battle of Attock, Battle of Baddowal, Battle of Basoli, Battle of Bhangani, Battle of Chamkaur (1704), Battle of Chappar Chiri, Battle of Chillianwala, Battle of Ferozeshah, Battle of Gujranwala (1761), Battle of Gujrat, Battle of Gurdas Nangal, Battle of Harnaulgarh, Battle of Jalalabad (1710), Battle of Jammu, Battle of Jamrud, Battle of Kartarpur, Battle of Kup, Battle of Lahira, Battle of Lahore (1759), Battle of Lohgarh, Battle of Mudki, Battle of Muktsar, Battle of Multan, Battle of Nadaun, Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702), Battle of Nowshera, Battle of Peshawar (1834), Battle of Rahon (1710), Battle of Ramnagar, Battle of Rohilla, Battle of Sadhaura, Battle of Samana, Battle of Saragarhi, Battle of Shopian, Battle of Sialkot (1761), Battle of Sialkot (1763), Battle of Sirhind (1764), Battle of Sobraon, Battle of Sonepat, Bole So Nihal, British Indian Army, Captain (armed forces), ..., Charles Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe, Chattar Singh Attariwalla, Chief warrant officer, Claude Auguste Court, Colonel (United States), Corporal, Deg Tegh Fateh, Demographics of Nepal, Dera Ghazi Khan, Dera Ismail Khan, Dewan Mokham Chand, Diwali, Dogra, Duleep Singh, Eagle (heraldry), East India Company, Fauj-i-Ain, Fauj-i-Khas, First Anglo-Sikh War, First Battle of Chamkaur (1702), First lieutenant, First sergeant, Flag of France, Gujrat City, Gurkha–Sikh War, Gurpurb, Hari Singh Nalwa, History of the Punjab, Indian subcontinent, Jagir, Jat people, Jean-Baptiste Ventura, Jean-François Allard, Jind Kaur, Kangra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Kashyap (caste), Khalsa, Kharak Singh, Khatri, Kurta, Ladakh, Lahore, Lieutenant colonel (United States), Major (United States), Major general (United States), Maneuver warfare, Marksman, Matchlock, Mercenary, Meritocracy, Military rank, Militia, Misl, Misr Diwan Chand, Multan, Musket, Nastaʿlīq script, Nau Nihal Singh, Nihang, Nishan Sahib, Pashtuns, Persian language, Peshawar, Phulkian sardars, Pran Sukh Yadav, Private (rank), Promotion (rank), Punjabi language, Punjabis, Ramgarhia, Ranjit Singh, Rawalpindi, Sardar, Second Anglo-Sikh War, Second Battle of Anandpur, Second lieutenant, Senior captain, Senior lieutenant colonel, Sergeant, Sergeant major, Sham Singh Atariwala, Sher Singh, Sher Singh Attariwalla, Siege of Gurdaspur, Siege of Multan, Sikh Empire, Sikh holocaust of 1762, Sikh Occupation of Lahore, Sino-Sikh War, Srinagar, Sukerchakia Misl, Treaty of Amritsar (1809), Treaty of Lahore, Vaisakhi, Waheguru, Warrant officer. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
The Afghan–Sikh wars were a series of wars between the Afghan Pashtuns Durrani Empire, and the Sikh Empire.
Akali Phula Singh (1 January 1761 – 14 March 1823) was a Akali Nihang Sikh leader.
Alexander Haughton Campbell Gardner (or Gardiner) (Gordana Khan) (1785–1877) was a traveller, soldier and mercenary.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
Attock City (Punjabi, Urdu), formerly Campbellpore or Campbellpur until 1978, is a city located in northern part of Punjab province of Pakistan near the capital of Islamabad in the Panjistan region, and is the headquarters of Attock District.
The Battle of Aliwal was fought on 28 January 1846 between the British and the Sikhs.
The Battle of Amritsar was a campaign by Mukhlis Khan against Guru Hargobind and the Sikhs in 1634.
The Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces aided by the Nawab of Bahawalpur state, Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
The Battle of Attock (also known as the Battle of Chuch or the Battle of Haidru) took place on 13 July 1813 between the Sikh Empire and the Durrani Empire.
The Battle of Baddowal was an attack in 1846 by troops of the Sikh Empire on a contingent of the British East India Company near Ludhiana in the present-day state of Punjab, India.
The Battle of Basoli was fought between Mughal Empire and the Sikhs.
The Battle of Bhangani (ਭੰਗਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਯੁੱਧ) was fought between Guru Gobind Singh's army and the combined forces of many Rajas of the Sivalik Hills (pahari rajas), on 18 September 1686, at Bhangani near Paonta Sahib.
The Battle of Chamkaur, also known as Battle of Chamkaur Sahib, was fought between the Khalsa led by Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces led by Wazir Khan.
The Battle of Chappar Chiri was fought between Mughal Empire and the Sikhs in May,1710.
The Battle of Chillianwala was fought in January 1849 during the Second Anglo-Sikh War in the Chillianwala region of Punjab (Mandi Bahauddin), now part of modern-day Pakistan.
The Battle of Ferozeshah was fought on 21 December and 22 December 1845 between the British and the Sikhs, at the village of Ferozeshah in Punjab.
The Battle of Gujranwala was fought between Durrani Empire and the Sikh Confederacy.
The Battle of Gujrat was a decisive battle in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, fought on 21 February 1849, between the forces of the East India Company, and a Sikh army in rebellion against the Company's control of the Sikh Empire, represented by the child Maharaja Duleep Singh who was in British custody in Lahore.
The Sikh leader, Banda Singh Bahadur, had taken a defensive position at Gurdas Nangal.
The Battle of Harnaulgarh was fought between Durrani Empire and Sikh Misls of Dal Khalsa in 1762.
The Battle of Jalalabad occurred in 1710 between the Mughal forces of Jalal Khan and the Sikh forces of Banda Singh Bahadur.
The Battle of Jammu was a surprise attack launched by Mughal under General Muhammad Amin Khan, the Sikhs were pursued all the way to Jammu by the Mughal forces.
The Battle of Jamrud was fought between the Emirate of Afghanistan and the Sikh Empire on 30 April 1837.
The Battle of Kartarpur was a 1635 siege of Kartarpur by the Mughal Empire and was the last major battle of the Mughal-Sikh Wars of Guru Hargobind's period of Guruship.
The Battle of Kup was fought on 5 February 1762 between the Afghan forces of Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Sikhs.
The Battle of Lahira was fought between Mughals and Sikhs in 1634.
The Battle of Lahore was fought between Durrani Empire and an alliance of Marathas and Sikhs in 1759.
After Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah's army recaptured Sirhind from the Sikhs, the Mughal army moved towards Lohgarh, where they engaged with the Sikhs and on December 10, 1710.
The Battle of Mudki was fought on 18 December 1845, between the forces of the East India Company and part of the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab.
The Battle of Muktsar or Battle of Khidrāne Dee Dhāb took place on 8 May 1705, (21 Vaisakh 1762 Bikrami calendar) following the siege of Anandpur.
The Battle of Multan was a battle between a Vizier of the Durrani Empire and the Sikh Empire that started in March 1818 and ended on 2 June 1818.
The Battle of Nadaun was fought at Nadaun, between Raja Bhim Chand of Bilaspur (Kahlur) and the Mughals under Alif Khan.
The Battle of Nirmohgarh was fought between Sikhs and the Mughal Empire in 1702.
The Battle of Nowshera was fought in March 1823 between the forces of Pashtun tribesmen with support from Azim Khan Barakzai, Durrani governor against the Sikh Khalsa Army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The Battle of Peshawar took place on May 6, 1834 between the Sikh Empire and the Afghans who were the successors to the Durrani Empire.
The Battle of Rahon was fought between Sikhs and Mughal Empire on 11 October 1710.
The Battle of Ramnagar was fought on 22 November 1848 between British and Sikh forces during the Second Anglo-Sikh War.
The Battle of Rohilla was a 1621 campaign by the Mughal Empire against the growing influence of the Sikhs.
The Battle of Sadhaura was fought between Sikhs and the Mughal army in Sadhaura in 1710.
The Battle of Samana was fought between Banda Singh Bahadur and Wazir Khan in 1709.
The Battle of Saragarhi was fought before the Tirah Campaign on 12 September 1897 between Sikh soldiers of the British Indian Army and Pashtun Orakzai tribesmen.
The Battle of Shopian took place on 3 July 1819 between an expeditionary force from the Sikh Empire and Jabbar Khan, the governor of the Durrani Empire province of Kashmir.
The Battle of Sialkot was fought between Durrani Empire and Sukerchakia Misl of Dal Khalsa in 1761.
The Battle of Sialkot was fought between Durrani Empire and Sukerchakia Misl in 1763.
The Battle of Sirhind was fought between Durrani Empire and Ahluwalia Misl in 1764.
The Battle of Sobraon was fought on 10 February 1846, between the forces of the East India Company and the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab.
The Battle of Sonepat was fought between Sikhs and Mughal Empire in 1709.
Bole So Nihal (ਬੋਲੇ ਸੋ ਨਿਹਾਲ, meaning "Whoever utters, shall be fulfilled.") is a Jaikara or Clarion call of Sikhs given by the Tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe, (30 January 1785 – 5 September 1846), known as Sir Charles Metcalfe, Bt between 1822 and 1845, was a British colonial administrator.
General Chattar Singh Attariwalla, also spelt Chatar Singh Aṭārīvālā, was Governor of Hazara province and a military commander in the army of the Sikh Empire during the reign of Maharaja Duleep Singh in the Punjab.
Chief Warrant Officer is a military rank used by the United States Armed Forces, the Canadian Armed Forces, the Pakistan Air Force, the Israel Defense Forces, the South African National Defence Force, the Lebanese Armed Forces and, since 2012, the Singapore Armed Forces.
Claude Auguste Court (24 September 1793 – January 1880) was a French soldier and mercenary.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
Deg Tegh Fateh (ਦੇਗ ਤੇਗ਼ ਫ਼ਤਿਹ, or Victory to Charity and Arms) is a Sikh slogan in the Punjabi language that signifies the dual responsibility of the Khalsa: to provide food and protection for the needy and oppressed.
In the 2011 census, Nepal's population was approximately 26 million people with a population growth rate of 1.35% and a median age of 21.6 years.
Dera Ghazi Khan (ڈيره غازي خان), abbreviated as D. G. Khan, is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Dera Ismail Khan (Urdu:, ډېره اسماعيل خان, ډېره اسماعيل خان), often abbreviated to D.I. Khan, is a city in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan.
Ranjit Singh had seen him in action at Akalgarh three years earlier and again in the fight against the Bhangi Sardar of Gujarat.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
The Dogras are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group in India and Pakistan that speaks the Dogri language.
Maharaja Duleep Singh, GCSI (6 September 1838 – 22 October 1893), also known as Dalip Singh and later in life nicknamed the Black Prince of Perthshire, was the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire.
The eagle is used in heraldry as a charge, as a supporter, and as a crest.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Fauj-i-Ain (Punjabi:ਫੌਜ -ਏ-ਐਨ,Persian:فوج ی این) was a branch of the Sikh Khalsa Army and was the regular army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab.
The Fauj-i-Khas was a brigade of the Fauj-i-Ain section of the Sikh Khalsa Army of Punjab.
The First Anglo-Sikh War was fought between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846.
The First Battle of Chamkaur was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Sikhs in 1704.
First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.
First sergeant is typically a senior non-commissioned officer rank, used in many countries.
The flag of France (Drapeau français) is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red.
Gujrat (Punjabi, گُجرات), is a city in Punjab Province of Pakistan.
The Gurkha-Sikh War was a small conflict between the forces of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Sikh Empire) and the Gurkha Army in 1809.
A Gurpurab ((Punjabi: ਗੁਰਪੁਰਬ)) in Sikh tradition is a celebration of an anniversary of a Guru's birth marked by the holding of a festival.
Hari Singh Nalwa (Nalua) (1791–1837) was Commander-in-chief of the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire.
The History of the Punjab concerns the history of the Punjab region the Northern area of the Indian Subcontinent that straddles the modern day countries of India and Pakistan.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system.
The Jat people (also spelled Jatt and Jaat) are a traditionally agricultural community in Northern India and Pakistan.
Jean-Baptiste (Giovanni Battista) Ventura, born Rubino ben Torah (25 May 17943 April 1858), was an Italian soldier, mercenary in India and early archaeologist of the Punjab region of the Sikh Empire.
Jean-François Allard (1785 - 1839) was a French soldier and adventurer.
Maharani Jind Kaur (Punjabi: ਮਹਾਰਾਣੀ ਜਿੰਦ ਕੌਰ; 1817 – 1 August 1863) was regent of the Sikh Empire from 1843 until 1846.
Kangra colony is a township and village in union counsil panian of Haripur District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan Just a few years ago It has been built Land of people of Kangra Village has come under it۔ Victims of Tabela Dam were settled here.
The Kashyap are a caste in India.
Khalsa (Punjabi: "the pure") refers to both a special group of initiated Sikh warriors, as well as a community that considers Sikhism as its faith.
Maharaja Kharak Singh (22 February 1801 – 5 November 1840), was a Sikh ruler of the Punjab and the Sikh Empire.
Khatri is a caste from the northern Indian subcontinent.
A kurta (कुर्ता, কুর্তা, ਕੁੜਤਾ, کرتہ) is an upper garment for men and women, originating in the Indian subcontinent, with regional variations of form.
Ladakh ("land of high passes") is a region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, major is a field grade military officer rank above the rank of captain and below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
A marksman is a person who is skilled in precision shooting, using accurate precision scoped projectile weapons (in modern days most commonly a designated marksman rifle or a sniper rifle) to shoot at high-value targets at longer-than-usual ranges.
The matchlock was the first mechanism invented to facilitate the firing of a hand-held firearm.
A mercenary is an individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not part of a regular army or other governmental military force.
Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender or wealth.
Military ranks are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
Misl generally refers to the sovereign states of the Sikh Confederacy, that rose during the 18th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent after the collapse of the Mughal Empire.
'Misr Diwan Chand was a notable pillar of the state of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's reign.
Multan (Punjabi, Saraiki, مُلتان), is a Pakistani city and the headquarters of Multan District in the province of Punjab.
A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.
Nastaʿlīq (نستعلیق, from نسخ Naskh and تعلیق Taʿlīq) is one of the main calligraphic hands used in writing the Persian alphabet, and traditionally the predominant style in Persian calligraphy.
Kanvar (Prince) Nau Nihal Singh (9 March 1821 – 6 November 1840) was a Jat Sikh ruler of the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent.
The Nihang (ਨਿਹੰਗ) are an armed Sikh warrior order.
The Nishan Sahib is a Sikh triangular flag made of cotton or silk cloth, with a tassel at its end.
The Pashtuns (or; پښتانه Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Peshawar (پېښور; پشاور; پشور) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The Phulkian (or Phoolkian) sardars (local leaders) were Sikh rulers and aristocrats in the Punjab region of India.
Pran Sukh Yadav (1802–1888) was a military commander.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
A promotion is the advancement of an employee's rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system.
Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ; Shahmukhi: پنجابی) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.
The Ramgarhia are a community of Sikhs from the Punjab region of northwestern India, encompassing members of the Lohar and Tarkhan subgroups.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 –1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.
Rawalpindi (Punjabi, راولپِنڈى), commonly known as Pindi (پِنڈی), is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Sardar (سردار,; "Commander" literally; "Headmaster"), also spelled as Sirdar, Sardaar, Shordar or Serdar, is a title of nobility that was originally used to denote princes, noblemen, and other aristocrats.
The Second Anglo-Sikh War was a military conflict between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company that took place in 1848 and 1849.
The Second Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between Sikhs and an allied force of the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Senior captain is a rare military rank which is used in some countries' armed forces, navies and merchant marines.
Senior lieutenant colonel ("SLTC") is a senior officer rank in the Singapore Armed Forces, ranking just above lieutenant colonel and below colonel.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world.
Sham Singh Attariwala (1790 - 1846) was a general of the Sikh Empire.
Maharaja Sher Singh (4 December 1807 – 15 September 1843) was a son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
General Sher Singh was a royal military commander and a member of the Sikh nobility during the period of the Sikh Empire in the mid-19th century in Punjab.
The Siege of Gurdaspur of 1715 was a major campaign of the new Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar in present-day India.
The Siege of Multan was a prolonged contest between the city and state of Multan and the British East India Company.
The Sikh Empire (also Sikh Khalsa Raj, Sarkar-i-Khalsa or Pañjab (Punjab) Empire) was a major power in the Indian subcontinent, formed under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established a secular empire based in the Punjab.
Sikh holocaust of 1762 or The Vadda Ghallūghārā (ਵੱਡਾ ਘੱਲੂਘਾਰਾ (the Great Massacre)) was the mass-murder of the Sikhs by the Afghan forces of the Durrani Empire during the years of Afghan influence in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent owing to the repeated incursions of Ahmad Shah Durrani in February 1762.
In the year, 1761 the Sikhs besieged Lahore and after facing no opposition of Durrani forces Sikhs captured Lahore.
The Sino-Sikh War (also referred to as the Invasion of Tibet or the Dogra War) was fought from May 1841 to August 1842, between the forces of Qing China and the Sikh Empire after General Zorawar Singh Kahluria invaded western Tibet.
Srinagar is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Sukerchakia Misl was one of 12 Sikh Misls in Punjab during the 18th century concentrated in Gujranwala and Hafizabad district in Western Punjab (in modern-Pakistan) and ruled from (1752-1801).It was a Sandhawalia Jat sikh Misl.
The Treaty of Amritsar of 1809 was an agreement between the British East India Company and Ranjit Singh, the Sikh leader who founded the Sikh empire.
The Treaty of Lahore of 9 March 1846, was a peace treaty marking the end of the First Anglo-Sikh War.
Vaisakhi (IAST), also known as Baisakhi, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi is a historical and religious festival in Sikhism and Hinduism.
Waheguru (ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ) is a name given to God in Sikhism.
A warrant officer (WO) is an officer in a military organisation who is designated an officer by a warrant, as distinguished from a commissioned officer who is designated an officer by a commission, and a non-commissioned officer who is designated an officer, often by virtue of seniority.