69 relations: Acid, Alkali, Aluminium, Aluminosilicate, Asteroid, Astronomy, Biomineralization, Calcium silicate hydrate, Catalysis, Cement, Ceramic, Chemistry, Colloidal silica, Concrete, Condensation reaction, Covalent bond, Crust (geology), Dimer (chemistry), Ester, Fluorine, Garnet, Geology, Glass, Granite, Gravel, Hexafluorosilicic acid, Hydrate, Hydrolysis, Ion, Mantle (geology), Metasilicate, Meteorite, Moiety (chemistry), Molybdate, Monomer, Natural satellite, Octahedron, Octet rule, Oligomer, Orthosilicate, Orthosilicic acid, Oxygen, PH, Polymer, Portland cement, Proton, Protonation, Pyrosilicate, Quartz, Rock (geology), ..., Salt (chemistry), Seawater, Silica gel, Silicate minerals, Silicic acid, Silicon, Silicon dioxide, Sodium metasilicate, Sodium orthosilicate, Sodium oxide, Sodium silicate, Stishovite, Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar, Terrestrial planet, Tetrahedron, Tetramethyl orthosilicate, Thaumasite, Valence (chemistry), Zeolite. Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aluminosilicate minerals are minerals composed of aluminium, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Biomineralization is the process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues.
Calcium silicate hydrate (or C-S-H) is the main product of the hydration of Portland cement and is primarily responsible for the strength in cement based materials.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Colloidal silicas are suspensions of fine amorphous, nonporous, and typically spherical silica particles in a liquid phase.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.
A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
Hexafluorosilicic acid is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written as). It is a colorless liquid rarely encountered undiluted.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.
Metasilicates are silicates containing ions of empirical formula SiO32−.
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.
In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.
In chemistry a molybdate is a compound containing an oxoanion with molybdenum in its highest oxidation state of 6.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).
In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.
The octet rule is a chemical rule of thumb that reflects observation that atoms of main-group elements tend to combine in such a way that each atom has eight electrons in its valence shell, giving it the same electron configuration as a noble gas.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
In chemistry, orthosilicate is the anion, or any of its salts and esters.
Orthosilicic acid is the chemical compound with formula, or.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout.
In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.
A pyrosilicate is a type of chemical compound; either an ionic compound that contains the pyrosilicate anion, or an organic compound with the hexavalent ≡-O-≡ group.
Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Silicate minerals are rock-forming minerals with predominantly silicate anions.
Silicic acid is the general name for a family of chemical compounds containing the element silicon attached to oxide and hydroxyl groups, with the general formula n or,equivalently, n. They are generally colorless and sparingly soluble in water.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Sodium metasilicate is the chemical substance with formula, which is the main component of commercial sodium silicate solutions.
Sodium orhosilicate is the chemical compound.
Sodium oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Na2O.
Sodium silicate is a generic name for chemical compounds with the formula or ·, such as sodium metasilicate, sodium orthosilicate, and sodium pyrosilicate.
Stishovite is an extremely hard, dense tetragonal form (polymorph) of silicon dioxide.
Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar can be 'external' or 'internal'.
A terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals.
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.
Tetramethyl orthosilicate is the chemical compound with the formula Si(OCH3)4.
Thaumasite is a silicate mineral with chemical formula Ca3Si(OH)6(CO3)(SO4)·12H2O.
In chemistry, the valence or valency of an element is a measure of its combining power with other atoms when it forms chemical compounds or molecules.
Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.