Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Silicate

In chemistry, a silicate is any member of a family of anions consisting of silicon and oxygen, usually with the general formula, where 0 ≤ x Silicate anions are often large polymeric molecules with an extense variety of structures, including chains and rings (as in polymeric metasilicate), double chains (as in, and sheets (as in. In geology and astronomy, the term silicate is used to mean silicate minerals, ionic solids with silicate anions; as well as rock types that consist predominantly of such minerals. In that context, the term also includes the non-ionic compound silicon dioxide (silica, quartz), which would correspond to x. [1]

69 relations: Acid, Alkali, Aluminium, Aluminosilicate, Asteroid, Astronomy, Biomineralization, Calcium silicate hydrate, Catalysis, Cement, Ceramic, Chemistry, Colloidal silica, Concrete, Condensation reaction, Covalent bond, Crust (geology), Dimer (chemistry), Ester, Fluorine, Garnet, Geology, Glass, Granite, Gravel, Hexafluorosilicic acid, Hydrate, Hydrolysis, Ion, Mantle (geology), Metasilicate, Meteorite, Moiety (chemistry), Molybdate, Monomer, Natural satellite, Octahedron, Octet rule, Oligomer, Orthosilicate, Orthosilicic acid, Oxygen, PH, Polymer, Portland cement, Proton, Protonation, Pyrosilicate, Quartz, Rock (geology), ..., Salt (chemistry), Seawater, Silica gel, Silicate minerals, Silicic acid, Silicon, Silicon dioxide, Sodium metasilicate, Sodium orthosilicate, Sodium oxide, Sodium silicate, Stishovite, Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar, Terrestrial planet, Tetrahedron, Tetramethyl orthosilicate, Thaumasite, Valence (chemistry), Zeolite. Expand index (19 more) »


An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

New!!: Silicate and Acid · See more »


In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.

New!!: Silicate and Alkali · See more »


Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

New!!: Silicate and Aluminium · See more »


Aluminosilicate minerals are minerals composed of aluminium, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations.

New!!: Silicate and Aluminosilicate · See more »


Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

New!!: Silicate and Asteroid · See more »


Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

New!!: Silicate and Astronomy · See more »


Biomineralization is the process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues.

New!!: Silicate and Biomineralization · See more »

Calcium silicate hydrate

Calcium silicate hydrate (or C-S-H) is the main product of the hydration of Portland cement and is primarily responsible for the strength in cement based materials.

New!!: Silicate and Calcium silicate hydrate · See more »


Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

New!!: Silicate and Catalysis · See more »


A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.

New!!: Silicate and Cement · See more »


A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.

New!!: Silicate and Ceramic · See more »


Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Silicate and Chemistry · See more »

Colloidal silica

Colloidal silicas are suspensions of fine amorphous, nonporous, and typically spherical silica particles in a liquid phase.

New!!: Silicate and Colloidal silica · See more »


Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

New!!: Silicate and Concrete · See more »

Condensation reaction

A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).

New!!: Silicate and Condensation reaction · See more »

Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

New!!: Silicate and Covalent bond · See more »

Crust (geology)

In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.

New!!: Silicate and Crust (geology) · See more »

Dimer (chemistry)

A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.

New!!: Silicate and Dimer (chemistry) · See more »


In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Silicate and Ester · See more »


Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.

New!!: Silicate and Fluorine · See more »


Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.

New!!: Silicate and Garnet · See more »


Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.

New!!: Silicate and Geology · See more »


Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.

New!!: Silicate and Glass · See more »


Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.

New!!: Silicate and Granite · See more »


Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.

New!!: Silicate and Gravel · See more »

Hexafluorosilicic acid

Hexafluorosilicic acid is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written as). It is a colorless liquid rarely encountered undiluted.

New!!: Silicate and Hexafluorosilicic acid · See more »


In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.

New!!: Silicate and Hydrate · See more »


Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

New!!: Silicate and Hydrolysis · See more »


An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

New!!: Silicate and Ion · See more »

Mantle (geology)

The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.

New!!: Silicate and Mantle (geology) · See more »


Metasilicates are silicates containing ions of empirical formula SiO32−.

New!!: Silicate and Metasilicate · See more »


A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.

New!!: Silicate and Meteorite · See more »

Moiety (chemistry)

In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.

New!!: Silicate and Moiety (chemistry) · See more »


In chemistry a molybdate is a compound containing an oxoanion with molybdenum in its highest oxidation state of 6.

New!!: Silicate and Molybdate · See more »


A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".

New!!: Silicate and Monomer · See more »

Natural satellite

A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).

New!!: Silicate and Natural satellite · See more »


In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.

New!!: Silicate and Octahedron · See more »

Octet rule

The octet rule is a chemical rule of thumb that reflects observation that atoms of main-group elements tend to combine in such a way that each atom has eight electrons in its valence shell, giving it the same electron configuration as a noble gas.

New!!: Silicate and Octet rule · See more »


An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.

New!!: Silicate and Oligomer · See more »


In chemistry, orthosilicate is the anion, or any of its salts and esters.

New!!: Silicate and Orthosilicate · See more »

Orthosilicic acid

Orthosilicic acid is the chemical compound with formula, or.

New!!: Silicate and Orthosilicic acid · See more »


Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Silicate and Oxygen · See more »


In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: Silicate and PH · See more »


A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

New!!: Silicate and Polymer · See more »

Portland cement

Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout.

New!!: Silicate and Portland cement · See more »


| magnetic_moment.

New!!: Silicate and Proton · See more »


In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.

New!!: Silicate and Protonation · See more »


A pyrosilicate is a type of chemical compound; either an ionic compound that contains the pyrosilicate anion, or an organic compound with the hexavalent ≡-O-≡ group.

New!!: Silicate and Pyrosilicate · See more »


Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.

New!!: Silicate and Quartz · See more »

Rock (geology)

Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

New!!: Silicate and Rock (geology) · See more »

Salt (chemistry)

In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.

New!!: Silicate and Salt (chemistry) · See more »


Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

New!!: Silicate and Seawater · See more »

Silica gel

Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.

New!!: Silicate and Silica gel · See more »

Silicate minerals

Silicate minerals are rock-forming minerals with predominantly silicate anions.

New!!: Silicate and Silicate minerals · See more »

Silicic acid

Silicic acid is the general name for a family of chemical compounds containing the element silicon attached to oxide and hydroxyl groups, with the general formula n or,equivalently, n. They are generally colorless and sparingly soluble in water.

New!!: Silicate and Silicic acid · See more »


Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.

New!!: Silicate and Silicon · See more »

Silicon dioxide

Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.

New!!: Silicate and Silicon dioxide · See more »

Sodium metasilicate

Sodium metasilicate is the chemical substance with formula, which is the main component of commercial sodium silicate solutions.

New!!: Silicate and Sodium metasilicate · See more »

Sodium orthosilicate

Sodium orhosilicate is the chemical compound.

New!!: Silicate and Sodium orthosilicate · See more »

Sodium oxide

Sodium oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Na2O.

New!!: Silicate and Sodium oxide · See more »

Sodium silicate

Sodium silicate is a generic name for chemical compounds with the formula or ·, such as sodium metasilicate, sodium orthosilicate, and sodium pyrosilicate.

New!!: Silicate and Sodium silicate · See more »


Stishovite is an extremely hard, dense tetragonal form (polymorph) of silicon dioxide.

New!!: Silicate and Stishovite · See more »

Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar

Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar can be 'external' or 'internal'.

New!!: Silicate and Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar · See more »

Terrestrial planet

A terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals.

New!!: Silicate and Terrestrial planet · See more »


In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.

New!!: Silicate and Tetrahedron · See more »

Tetramethyl orthosilicate

Tetramethyl orthosilicate is the chemical compound with the formula Si(OCH3)4.

New!!: Silicate and Tetramethyl orthosilicate · See more »


Thaumasite is a silicate mineral with chemical formula Ca3Si(OH)6(CO3)(SO4)·12H2O.

New!!: Silicate and Thaumasite · See more »

Valence (chemistry)

In chemistry, the valence or valency of an element is a measure of its combining power with other atoms when it forms chemical compounds or molecules.

New!!: Silicate and Valence (chemistry) · See more »


Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.

New!!: Silicate and Zeolite · See more »

Redirects here:

Phyllosillicate, Phyllosillicates, Silcates, Silicates, Tectosillicate.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicate

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »