114 relations: Al-Dimashqi (geographer), Al-Maqrizi, Al-Masudi, Al-Nuwayri, Baekje, Balhae, Beopheung of Silla, Birmingham Museum of Art, Bone rank system, Book of Jin, Book of the Later Han, Buddhism, Byeonhan confederacy, Cheomseongdae, Chiefdom, China, Cho Gab-je, Cockatrice, Crowns of Silla, Daegaya, Fall of the Gaya confederacy, Gaya confederacy, Geumgwan Gaya, Gim Yu-sin, Goguryeo, Goryeo, Gu Yanwu, Gyeongju, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju National Park, Gyeongsun of Silla, Gyerim, Gyerim Territory Area Command, Hahoe Folk Village, Han River (Korea), Hanja, History of Korea, History of the Northern Dynasties, Hwabaek, Hwarang, Hwarang: The Poet Warrior Youth, Hyegong of Silla, Hyeokgeose of Silla, Ibn Khordadbeh, Ichadon, Iran, Iranian peoples, Japanese language, Jijeung of Silla, Jikjisa, ..., Jindeok of Silla, Jinhan confederacy, Jinheung of Silla, Jurchen people, Khan (title), Korea, Korean Broadcasting System, Korean Buddhism, Korean Confucianism, Korean era name, Korean Peninsula, Korean shamanism, Koreans, Later Baekje, Later Silla, Later Three Kingdoms, Lelang Commandery, List of Silla people, Mahan confederacy, Manchu people, Monarch, Mongolian language, Munmu of Silla, Muyeol of Silla, Naemul of Silla, Nakdong River, Namsan (Gyeongju), Nulji of Silla, Observatory, Old Korean, Park (Korean surname), Park Geun-hye, Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea, Pyongyang, Qin dynasty, Queen Seondeok of Silla, Rainbow, Records of the Three Kingdoms, Routledge, Samguk sagi, Samguk yusa, Samhan, Sangdaedeung, Seodang, Seokguram, Seongdeok of Silla, Seoul, Silk Road, Silla monarchs family tree, Silla–Tang War, Sillan language, Sinmun of Silla, South Korea, Taebong, Tang dynasty, Taoism in Korea, The Chosun Ilbo, Three Kingdoms of Korea, UNESCO, Wonseong of Silla, World Heritage site, Xiongnu, Yamato period, Yangdong Folk Village. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Sheikh Shams al-Din al-Ansari al-Dimashqi or simply al-Dimashqi (شمس الدين الأنصاري الدمشقي) (1256–1327) was a medieval Arab geographer, completing his main work in 1300.
Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Maqrizi (1364–1442)Franz Rosenthal,.
Al-Mas‘udi (أبو الحسن علي بن الحسين بن علي المسعودي,; –956) was an Arab historian and geographer.
Al-Nuwayrī, full name Shihāb al-Dīn Ahmad bin 'Abd al-Wahhāb al-Nuwayri (شهاب الدين أحمد بن عبد الوهاب النويري, born April 5, 1279 in Akhmim, present-day Egypt – died 1333) was an Egyptian Muslim historian and civil servant of the Bahri Mamluk dynasty.
Baekje (18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea.
Balhae (698–926), also known as Parhae or Bohai was a multi-ethnic kingdom in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula.
Beopheung of Silla (r. 514–540 AD) was the 23rd monarch of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Founded in 1951, the Birmingham Museum of Art in Birmingham, Alabama, today has one of the finest collections in the Southeastern United States, with more than 24,000 paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, and decorative arts representing a numerous diverse cultures, including Asian, European, American, African, Pre-Columbian, and Native American.
The bone rank system was the system of aristocratic rank used in the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla.
The Book of Jin is an official Chinese historical text covering the history of the Jin dynasty from 265 to 420.
The Book of the Later Han, also known as the History of the Later Han and by its Chinese name Hou Hanshu, is one of the Twenty-Four Histories and covers the history of the Han dynasty from 6 to 189 CE, a period known as the Later or Eastern Han.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Byeonhan, also known as Byeonjin, was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the beginning of the Common Era to the 4th century in the southern Korean peninsula.
Cheomseongdae (Hangul: 첨성대) is an astronomical observatory in Gyeongju, South Korea.
A chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cho Gab-je (born, October 24, 1945) is a conservative South Korean journalist and entrepreneur.
A cockatrice is a mythical beast, essentially a two-legged dragon or serpent-like creature with a rooster's head.
The crowns of Silla were made in the Korean kingdom of Silla approximately in the 5th–7th centuries.
Daegaya was a city-state in the Gaya confederacy during the Korean Three Kingdoms period.
The Gaya–Silla War were a series of conflicts between the ancient Korean Kingdom of Silla and the Gaya confederacy.
Gaya was a Korean confederacy of territorial polities in the Nakdong River basin of southern Korea, growing out of the Byeonhan confederacy of the Samhan period.
Geumgwan Gaya (43 - 532), also known as Bon-Gaya (본가야, 本伽倻, "original Gaya") or Garakguk (가락국, "Garak State"), was the ruling city-state of the Gaya confederacy during the Three Kingdoms Period in Korea.
Gim Yu-sin (595 – 18 August 673), also known as Kim Yu-sin, was a general in 7th-century Silla.
Goguryeo (37 BCE–668 CE), also called Goryeo was a Korean kingdom located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of Manchuria.
Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.
Gu Yanwu (July 15, 1613 – February 15, 1682), also known as Gu Tinglin, was a Chinese philologist and geographer.
Gyeongju (경주), historically known as Seorabeol (서라벌), is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea.
The Gyeongju National Museum is a museum in Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.
Gyeongju National Park (경주국립공원, 慶州國立公園) is located in the province of Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, and is the country's only historical national park.
Gyeongsun of Silla (896 – 978) (r. 927–935) was the 56th and final ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
The Gyerim is a small woodland in Gyeongju National Park, Gyeongju, South Korea.
Gyerim Territory Area Command is an autonomous administration established in Silla territory by Tang dynasty.
The Hahoe Folk Village (Korean: 안동하회마을) is a traditional village from the Joseon Dynasty.
The Han River or Hangang is a major river in South Korea and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula after the Amnok (Yalu), Tuman (Tumen), and Nakdong rivers.
Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters.
The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula began roughly half a million years ago.
The History of the Northern Dynasties (Běishǐ) is one of the official Chinese historical works in the Twenty-Four Histories canon.
The Hwabaek (Hangul:화백, Hanja:和白) or Council of nobles, served as the chief royal council in Silla, it is composed of the nobles of higher rank(Jingol) and headed by the Sangdaedeung.
Hwarang, also known as Flowering Knights, were an elite warrior group of male youth in Silla, an ancient kingdom of the Korean Peninsula that lasted until the 10th century.
Hwarang: The Poet Warrior Youth is a South Korean television series starring Park Seo-joon, Go A-ra, and Park Hyung-sik.
Hyegong of Silla (758–780) (r. 765–780) was the 36th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
Hyeokgeose of Silla (69 BC – 4 AD, r. 57 BC–4 AD), also known by his personal full name as Bak (Park, Pak) Hyeokgeose, was the founding monarch of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Abu'l-Qasim Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah ibn Khordadbeh (ابوالقاسم عبیدالله ابن خردادبه) (c. 820 – 912 CE), better known as Ibn Khordadbeh or Ibn Khurradadhbih, was the author of the earliest surviving Arabic book of administrative geography.
Ichadon (501–527), also known as Geochadon (거차돈) or by his courtesy name Yeomchok (염촉) or Yeomdo, was a Buddhist monk and advisor to the Silla king Beopheung.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Iranian peoples, or Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Jijeung of Silla (437–514) (r. 500–514) was the 22nd ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
Jikjisa is a head temple of the Jogye Order of Seon Buddhism.
Jindeok of Silla (? – 654), reigned as Queen of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 647 to 654.
Jinhan was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the 1st century BC to the 4th century AD in the southern Korean Peninsula, to the east of the Nakdong River valley, Gyeongsang Province.
Jinheung of Silla (526 – 576; reign 540 – 576) was the 24th monarch of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
The Jurchen (Manchu: Jušen; 女真, Nǚzhēn), also known by many variant names, were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until around 1630, at which point they were reformed and combined with their neighbors as the Manchu.
Khan خان/khan; is a title for a sovereign or a military ruler, used by Mongolians living to the north of China. Khan has equivalent meanings such as "commander", "leader", or "ruler", "king" and "chief". khans exist in South Asia, Middle East, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and Turkey. The female alternatives are Khatun and Khanum. These titles or names are sometimes written as Khan/خان in Persian, Han, Kan, Hakan, Hanum, or Hatun (in Turkey) and as "xan", "xanım" (in Azerbaijan), and medieval Turkic tribes.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) is the national public broadcaster of South Korea.
Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what it sees as inconsistencies in Mahayana Buddhism.
Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism that emerged and developed in Korea.
Korean era names were used during the period of Silla, Goguryeo, Balhae, Taebong, Goryeo, Joseon, and the Korean Empire.
The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.
Korean shamanism, also known as Shinism (Hangul 신교, Hanja 神敎; Shingyo or Shinkyo, "religion of the spirits/gods"), or Shindo (Hangul: 신도; Hanja: 神道, "way of the spirits/gods"), is the collective term for the ethnic religions of Korea which date back to prehistory, and consist in the worship of gods (신 shin) and ancestors (조상 josang).
Koreans (in South Korean; alternatively in North Korean,; see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group originating from and native to Korea and southern and central Manchuria.
Hubaekje or Later Baekje was one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea, along with Hugoguryeo and Silla.
Later Silla (668–935) or Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, after it conquered Baekje and Goguryeo in the 7th century, unifying the central and southern regions of the Korean peninsula.
The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892–936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje ("Later Baekje") and Hugoguryeo ("Later Goguryeo", it was replaced by Goryeo).
Lelang Commandery was a commandery of the Han Dynasty which it established after conquering Wiman Joseon in 108 BC and which lasted until Goguryeo conquered it in 313.
This is a partial list of people who lived in Silla, 57 BCE (traditional date) - 935 CE.
Mahan was a loose confederacy of statelets that existed from around the 1st century BC to 5th century AD in the southern Korean peninsula in the Chungcheong and Jeolla provinces.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script: Moŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel.) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.
Munmu of Silla (occasionally spelled: Moonmu) (626–681) (reigned 661–681) was the thirtieth king of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
King Taejong Muyeol(604- 661), born Kim Chun-Chu, was the 29th ruler of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Naemul of Silla (died 402) (r. 356–402) was the 17th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.
The Nakdong River or Nakdonggang is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.
Namsan (남산, "South Mountain") is a 494-meter peak in the heart of Gyeongju National Park, just south of Gyeongju, South Korea.
Nulji (reigned 417–458) was the nineteenth ruler (maripgan) of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial or celestial events.
Old Korean is the historical variety of the Korean language or Koreanic languages dating from the beginning of Three Kingdoms of Korea to the latter part of Later Silla, roughly from the fourth to tenth centuries CE.
Park is the third most frequent Korean royal surname, traditionally traced back to King Hyeokgeose Park (박혁거세) and theoretically inclusive of all of his descendants.
Park Geun-hye (born 2 February 1952) is a former South Korean politician who served as the 11th President of South Korea from 2013 to 2017.
Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea (or Samhan) refers to the proto-historical period in the Korean Peninsula, after the fall of Gojoseon and before the maturation of Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla into full-fledged kingdoms.
Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang, is the capital and largest city of North Korea.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
Queen Seondeok of Silla (Hangul: 선덕여왕; 595~610 – 17 February 647/January 8, Lunar Calendar) reigned as Queen Regnant of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 632 to 647.
A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky.
The Records of the Three Kingdoms is a Chinese historical text which covers the history of the late Eastern Han dynasty (c. 184–220 AD) and the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD).
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Samguk sagi (삼국사기, 三國史記, History of the Three Kingdoms) is a historical record of the Three Kingdoms of Korea: Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.
Samguk Yusa or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms is a collection of legends, folktales and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during and after the Three Kingdoms period.
The Samhan period of Korean history (also Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea) comprises the confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan in the central and southern Korean peninsula, during the final century BCE and the early centuries CE.
Sangdaedeung (상대등, 上大等, the First of Daedeungs or Peers, Extraordinary Rank One) was an office of the Silla state.
Seodang were private village schools providing elementary education during the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties of Korea.
The Seokguram Grotto is a hermitage and part of the Bulguksa temple complex.
Seongdeok Daewang (reigned 702–737) was the thirty-third king of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Silla (57 BC – 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
The Silla–Tang War (668–676) occurred between the Korean Silla kingdom with the remnant forces from Goguryeo and Baekje (commonly referred to as Unified Silla), and the Chinese Tang dynasty that began in the geopolitical context immediately following the conquest of Goguryeo and Baekje by Silla and Tang China.
The Sillan language, or Silla, was a Koreanic language spoken in the ancient kingdom of Silla (57 BCE – 935 CE), one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
Sinmun of Silla (r. 681–692) was the thirty-first king of Silla, a Korean state that originated in the southwestern Korean peninsula and went on to unify most of the peninsula under its rule in the mid 7th century.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Taebong was a state established by Gung Ye on the Korean Peninsula in 901 during the Later Three Kingdoms.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Taoism or "Do" is thought to be the earliest state philosophy for the Korean people spanning several thousand years.
The Chosun Ilbo is one of the major newspapers in South Korea.
The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (백제), Silla (신라) and Goguryeo (고구려).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Wonseong of Silla (r. 785–798, died 798) was the 38th to rule the Korean kingdom of Silla.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Xiongnu were a confederation of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Asian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.
The is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province.
Yangdong Folk Village (Yangdong Village of Gyeongju) is a traditional village from the Joseon Dynasty.
Kingdom of Silla, Marib-Khan, Maripgan, Saro (Jinhan confederacy), Saro-guk, Seonggol, Shilla state, Shin-La, Shiragi, Silla Dynasty, Silla Era, Silla Kingdom, Silla dynasty, Silla kingdom, Silla period, Sinra, True bone, Xufa, Xuluo, Xuluofa, Xuna, Xunafa, Xuye, Xuyefa, 新羅, 신라.