258 relations: A Computer Animated Hand, A Dictionary of the English Language, Acornsoft, Adaptive hypermedia, Agent (economics), Aircraft, Aircraft boneyard, Aircraft pilot, Alan Turing, Algorithm, Anatomy, AnyLogic, Artist, Auscultation, Automation, Balance of trade, Barnard College, Battlezone (1980 video game), Biochemistry, Biology, Biomechanics, Brain–computer interface, Business simulation game, Camera angle, Cardiology, Cave automatic virtual environment, Center for International Policy, Change-of-shift report, Chemical engineering, Chemistry, City-building game, Closed-form expression, Command & Conquer, Competence (human resources), Computational astrophysics, Computational chemistry, Computational physics, Computational sociology, Computer architecture, Computer architecture simulator, Computer experiment, Computer graphics, Computer keyboard, Computer mouse, Computer science, Computer simulation, Computer-generated imagery, Conceptual model, Construction and management simulation, Continuous simulation, ..., Crew resource management, CT scan, Cyberith Virtualizer, Cybernetics, Deficit spending, Discounts and allowances, Discrete event simulation, Distributed Interactive Simulation, Driving simulator, Dummy load, Dynamical simulation, Economics, Education, Educational technology, Electrical engineering, Electrical impedance, Electrocardiography, Elite (video game), Emulator, Engineering, ESPN, Evolutionary computation, Experiment, Fantasy sport, Fault tree analysis, Federal Standard 1037C, Field of view, Film, Film studio, Finance, Finding Nemo, Fiscal policy, Flight simulator, Fluid dynamics, Folding@home, Francis Bacon, Function (engineering), Futures studies, Futureworld, Galileo (satellite navigation), Game engine, Global Challenge Award, Global Maritime Distress and Safety System, Government simulation game, Government spending, Grey box model, Haptic technology, Hardware virtualization, Harvey mannequin, Head-mounted display, High-level architecture, History of Go, Home computer, Human musculoskeletal system, Human-in-the-loop, Illustris project, Imitation, In silico, Inflation, Instructional simulation, Instrument approach, Iron Man (2008 film), Jurassic Park (film), Kennedy Space Center, Kriegsspiel (wargame), Land use, Land Use Evolution and Impact Assessment Model, Laparoscopy, Launch Control Center, Lie, Lifelike experience, Link Trainer, List of computer simulation software, List of discrete event simulation software, Logo (programming language), Macroeconomics, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mathematical model, Mathematical optimization, Medical diagnosis, Merger simulation, Microarchitecture simulation, Microcode, Military, Mimic Simulation Software, Mining simulator, Mission: Space, Modeling and Simulation Coordination Office, Molecular dynamics, Monetary policy, Monte Carlo method, Motion simulator, National Science Foundation, Nationlab, Net present value, Network simulation, Network traffic simulation, Nintendo, Numerical weather prediction, Omnidirectional treadmill, Open market operation, Open Source Physics, Operational semantics, Palpation, Pan Am (TV series), Pandemic, PGA Tour (video game series), Pharmacokinetics simulation, Physics, Physics engine, Placebo, Prediction, Process simulation, Production system, Project management, Project management simulation, Propagation delay, Reacting games, Risk, Robert South, Roleplay simulation, Rule-based modeling, Safety engineering, Sales process engineering, Samuel Johnson, Satellite navigation, Scenario, Scenario analysis, Scientific modelling, Serious game, Seymour Papert, SimCity, Similitude (model), Simulated patient, Simulated reality, Simulation in manufacturing systems, Simulation language, Simulation preorder, Simulation video game, Social science, Society for Simulation in Healthcare, Software, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle external tank, Space Shuttle main engine, Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster, Sport, Sports biomechanics, Standardized test, Star Tours, Star Wars (film), Statistics, Stochastic, Stochastic investment model, Strategy game, Stress testing, Supercomputer, Symbolic simulation, System identification, Systems theory, Tax, Technology, Television, Tennis for Two, Terrorism, Thales Group, The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man, The Economist, The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera (ride), The Lord of the Rings (film series), The Matrix (franchise), The Simpsons Ride, The Sims, Theoretical computer science, Toy Story, Training, Training simulation, Transition system, Transmission line, Transport, Transportation planning, Tron, Truth, UltraHLE, Unemployment, United Nations Development Programme, Universal Turing machine, University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Miami, UrbanSim, Vehicle simulation game, Verification and validation of computer simulation models, Very-large-scale integration, Video game, Video game console, Video game crash of 1983, Virtual actor, Virtual cinematography, Virtual reality, Virtuix Omni, Wargaming, Web-based simulation, Wire-frame model, World Bank, World of Warcraft, 2000s (decade), 300 (film), 3D audio effect. 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A Computer Animated Hand is a 1972 American computer-animated film produced by Edwin Catmull and Fred Parke.
Published on 4 April 1755 and written by Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, sometimes published as Johnson's Dictionary, is among the most influential dictionaries in the history of the English language.
Acornsoft was the software arm of Acorn Computers, and a major publisher of software for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron.
Adaptive hypermedia (AH) uses hypermedia which is adaptive according to a user model.
In economics, an agent is an actor and more specifically a decision maker in a model of some aspect of the economy.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft boneyard, or aircraft graveyard in British English, is a storage area for aircraft that are retired from service.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
AnyLogic is a multimethod simulation modeling tool developed by The AnyLogic Company (former XJ Technologies).
An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art, practicing the arts, or demonstrating an art.
Auscultation (based on the Latin verb auscultare "to listen") is listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
The balance of trade, commercial balance, or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of a nation's exports and imports over a certain period.
Barnard College is a private women's liberal arts college in New York City, New York, United States.
Battlezone is a first-person shooter tank combat arcade game from Atari, Inc. released in November 1980.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.
A brain–computer interface (BCI), sometimes called a neural-control interface (NCI), mind-machine interface (MMI), direct neural interface (DNI), or brain–machine interface (BMI), is a direct communication pathway between an enhanced or wired brain and an external device.
Business simulation games, also known as economic simulation games, or tycoon games, are games that focus on the management of economic processes, usually in the form of a business.
The camera angle marks the specific location at which the movie camera or video camera is placed to take a shot.
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.
A cave automatic virtual environment (better known by the recursive acronym CAVE) is an immersive virtual reality environment where projectors are directed to between three and six of the walls of a room-sized cube.
The Center for International Policy (CIP) is a non-profit left of center public policy research and advocacy think tank with offices in Washington, D.C. and New York City.
In healthcare, a change-of-shift report is a meeting between healthcare providers at the change of shift in which vital information about and responsibility for the patient is provided from the off-going provider to the on-coming provider (Groves, Manges, Scott-Cawiezell, 2016).
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
A city-building game, or town-building game, is a genre of simulation video game where players act as the overall planner and leader of a city or town, looking down on it from above, and being responsible for its growth and management strategy.
In mathematics, a closed-form expression is a mathematical expression that can be evaluated in a finite number of operations.
Command & Conquer (C&C) is a real-time strategy (RTS) video game franchise, first developed by Westwood Studios.
Competence is the ability of an individual to do a job properly.
Computational astrophysics refers to the methods and computing tools developed and used in astrophysics research.
Computational chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems.
Computational physics is the study and implementation of numerical analysis to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory already exists.
Computational sociology is a branch of sociology that uses computationally intensive methods to analyze and model social phenomena.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
A computer architecture simulator, or an architectural simulator, is a piece of software for modeling computer devices (or components) to predict outputs and performance metrics on a given input.
A computer experiment or simulation experiment is an experiment used to study a computer simulation, also referred to as an in silico system.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.
Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films, television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and simulators.
A conceptual model is a representation of a system, made of the composition of concepts which are used to help people know, understand, or simulate a subject the model represents.
Construction and management simulation (CMS) is a type of simulation game in which players build, expand or manage fictional communities or projects with limited resources.
Continuous Simulation refers to a computer model of a physical system that continuously tracks system response according to a set of equations typically involving differential equations.
Crew resource management or cockpit resource management (CRM) is a set of training procedures for use in environments where human error can have devastating effects.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
The Virtualizer (or Cyberith Virtualizer) is an omnidirectional treadmill with integrated sensors for motion detection in virtual reality applications.
Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities.
Deficit spending is the amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time, also called simply deficit, or budget deficit; the opposite of budget surplus.
Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services.
A discrete-event simulation (DES) models the operation of a system as a discrete sequence of events in time.
Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS) is an IEEE standard for conducting real-time platform-level wargaming across multiple host computers and is used worldwide, especially by military organizations but also by other agencies such as those involved in space exploration and medicine.
Driving simulators are used for entertainment as well as in training of driver's education courses taught in educational institutions and private businesses.
A dummy load is a device used to simulate an electrical load, usually for testing purposes.
Dynamical simulation, in computational physics, is the simulation of systems of objects that are free to move, usually in three dimensions according to Newton's laws of dynamics, or approximations thereof.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.
Elite is a space trading video game, written and developed by David Braben and Ian Bell and originally published by Acornsoft for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron computers in September 1984.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
In computer science, evolutionary computation is a family of algorithms for global optimization inspired by biological evolution, and the subfield of artificial intelligence and soft computing studying these algorithms.
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.
A fantasy sport (also known less commonly as rotisserie or roto) is a type of online game where participants assemble imaginary or virtual teams of real players of a professional sport.
Fault tree analysis (FTA) is a top-down, deductive failure analysis in which an undesired state of a system is analyzed using Boolean logic to combine a series of lower-level events.
Federal Standard 1037C, titled Telecommunications: Glossary of Telecommunication Terms, is a United States Federal Standard issued by the General Services Administration pursuant to the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended.
The field of view is the extent of the observable world that is seen at any given moment.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
Finding Nemo is a 2003 American computer-animated adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (mainly taxes) and expenditure (spending) to influence the economy.
A flight simulator is a device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.
In physics and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids - liquids and gases.
Folding@home (FAH or F@h) is a distributed computing project for disease research that simulates protein folding, computational drug design, and other types of molecular dynamics.
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, (22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author.
In engineering, a function is interpreted as a specific process, action or task that a system is able to perform.
Futures studies (also called futurology) is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.
Futureworld is a 1976 American science fiction thriller film directed by Richard T. Heffron and written by Mayo Simon and George Schenck.
Galileo is the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that is being created by the European Union (EU) through the European Space Agency (ESA), headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic, with two ground operations centres, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy.
A game engine is a software development environment designed for people to build video games.
The Global Challenge Award is an online science and engineering design program for pre-college school students (e.g. middle school through high school) from all over the world.
The Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) is an internationally agreed-upon set of safety procedures, types of equipment, and communication protocols used to increase safety and make it easier to rescue distressed ships, boats and aircraft.
A government simulation or political simulation is a game that attempts to simulate the government and politics of all or part of a nation.
Government spending or expenditure includes all government consumption, investment, and transfer payments.
In mathematics, statistics, and computational modelling, a grey box model combines a partial theoretical structure with data to complete the model.
Haptic or kinesthetic communication recreates the sense of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to the user.
Hardware virtualization is the virtualization of computers as complete hardware platforms, certain logical abstractions of their componentry, or only the functionality required to run various operating systems.
Harvey was one of the earliest medical simulators available for training of health care professionals.
A head-mounted display (or helmet-mounted display, for aviation applications), both abbreviated HMD, is a display device, worn on the head or as part of a helmet, that has a small display optic in front of one (monocular HMD) or each eye (binocular HMD).
The high-level architecture (HLA) is a general purpose architecture for distributed computer simulation systems.
The game of Go originated in China in ancient times.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.
Human-in-the-loop or HITL is defined as a model that requires human interaction.
The Illustris project is an ongoing series of astrophysical simulations run by an international collaboration of scientists.
Imitation (from Latin imitatio, "a copying, imitation") is an advanced behavior whereby an individual observes and replicates another's behavior.
In silico (literally cod Latin for "in silicon", alluding to the mass use of silicon for semiconductor computer chips) is an expression used to mean "performed on computer or via computer simulation." The phrase was coined in 1989 as an allusion to the Latin phrases in vivo, in vitro, and in situ, which are commonly used in biology (see also systems biology) and refer to experiments done in living organisms, outside living organisms, and where they are found in nature, respectively.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
An instructional simulation, also called an educational simulation, is a simulation of some type of reality (system or environment) but which also includes instructional elements that help a learner explore, navigate or obtain more information about that system or environment that cannot generally be acquired from mere experimentation.
In aviation, an instrument approach, or instrument approach procedure (IAP), is a series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions from the beginning of the initial approach to a landing or to a point from which a landing may be made visually.
Iron Man is a 2008 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science-fiction adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by Kathleen Kennedy and Gerald R. Molen.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Kriegsspiel ("war game") was a system used for training officers in the Prussian and German armies.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.
The Land Use Evolution and Impact Assessment Model (or LEAM) is a computer model developed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.
The Launch Control Center (LCC) is a four-story building located at NASA's Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida used for the supervision of launches from Launch Complex 39.
A lie is a statement used intentionally for the purpose of deception.
"Lifelike" is an adjective that relates to anything that simulates real life, in accordance with its laws.
The term Link Trainer, also known as the "Blue box" and "Pilot Trainer" is commonly used to refer to a series of flight simulators produced between the early 1930s and early 1950s by the Link Aviation Devices, Inc, founded and headed by Ed Link, based on technology he pioneered in 1929 at his family's business in Binghamton, New York.
The following is a list of notable computer simulation software.
This is a list of notable discrete event simulation software.
Logo is an educational programming language, designed in 1967 by Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert and Cynthia Solomon.
Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language.
In mathematics, computer science and operations research, mathematical optimization or mathematical programming, alternatively spelled optimisation, is the selection of a best element (with regard to some criterion) from some set of available alternatives.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
Merger simulation is a commonly used technique when analyzing potential welfare costs and benefits of mergers between firms.
Microarchitecture simulation is an important technique in computer architecture research and computer science education.
Microcode is a computer hardware technique that imposes an interpreter between the CPU hardware and the programmer-visible instruction set architecture of the computer.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Mimic Simulation Software is a simulation software developed by MYNAH Technologies that allows modeling of process plant unit operations.
A mining simulator is a system used to replicate elements of mining operations, for training or efficiency analysis.
Mission: Space (stylized as Mission: SPACE) is a centrifugal motion simulator thrill ride at Epcot in Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida.
The Modeling and Simulation Coordination Office (M&SCO) is an organization within the United States Department of Defense that provides modeling and simulation technology.
Molecular dynamics (MD) is a computer simulation method for studying the physical movements of atoms and molecules.
Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country, typically the central bank or currency board, controls either the cost of very short-term borrowing or the monetary base, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability and general trust in the currency.
Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.
A motion simulator or motion platform is a mechanism that creates the feelings of being in a real motion environment.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
The Center for Hemispheric Defense studies (CHDS) conducts NationLab, a computer-assisted simulation exercise that engages senior policy makers and senior students at superior studies institutes throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.
In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) is a measurement of profit calculated by subtracting the present values (PV) of cash outflows (including initial cost) from the present values of cash inflows over a period of time.
In computer network research, network simulation is a technique whereby a software program models the behavior of a network by calculating the interaction between the different network entities (routers, switches, nodes, access points, links etc.). Most simulators use discrete event simulation - the modeling of systems in which state variables change at discrete points in time.
Network traffic simulation is a process used in telecommunications engineering to measure the efficiency of a communications network.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
Numerical weather prediction (NWP) uses mathematical models of the atmosphere and oceans to predict the weather based on current weather conditions.
An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical device, similar to a typical treadmill, that allows a person to perform locomotive motion in any direction, allowing for 360 degrees of movement.
An open market operation (OMO) is an activity by a central bank to give (or take) liquidity in its currency to (or from) a bank or a group of banks.
Open Source Physics, or OSP, is a project sponsored by the National Science Foundation and Davidson College, whose mission is to spread the use of open source code libraries that take care of a lot of the heavy lifting for physics: drawing and plotting, differential equation solvers, exporting to animated GIFs and movies, etc., tools, and compiled simulations for physics and other numerical simulations.
Operational semantics is a category of formal programming language semantics in which certain desired properties of a program, such as correctness, safety or security, are verified by constructing proofs from logical statements about its execution and procedures, rather than by attaching mathematical meanings to its terms (denotational semantics).
Palpation is the process of using one's hands to check the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness.
Pan Am is an American period drama television series created by writer Jack Orman.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
PGA Tour is a series of golf video games developed and published by Electronic Arts and later their EA Sports sub-label since 1990, the series primarily features courses featured on the U.S. PGA Tour, and other notable courses (such as those that have hosted majors).
Pharmacokinetics simulation is a simulation method used in determining the safety levels of a drug during its development.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
A physics engine is computer software that provides an approximate simulation of certain physical systems, such as rigid body dynamics (including collision detection), soft body dynamics, and fluid dynamics, of use in the domains of computer graphics, video games and film.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
A prediction (Latin præ-, "before," and dicere, "to say"), or forecast, is a statement about a future event.
Process simulation is used for the design, development, analysis, and optimization of technical processes such as: chemical plants, chemical processes, environmental systems, power stations, complex manufacturing operations, biological processes, and similar technical functions.
Production system may refer to.
Project management is the practice of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria at the specified time.
Project management simulation is simulation used for project management training and analysis.
Propagation delay is a technical term that can have a different meaning depending on the context.
Reacting games are educational role-playing games set in the past, with a focus on student debates about great texts.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
Robert South (4 September 1634 – 8 July 1716) was an English churchman who was known for his combative preaching and his Latin poetry.
Roleplay simulation is an experiential learning method in which either amateur or professional roleplayers (also called interactors) improvise with learners as part of a simulated scenario.
Rule-based modeling is a modeling approach that uses a set of rules that indirectly specifies a mathematical model.
Safety engineering is an engineering discipline which assures that engineered systems provide acceptable levels of safety.
Sales process engineering is the engineering of better sales processes.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning.
In the performing arts, a scenario (from Italian: that which is pinned to the scenery; pronounced) is a synoptical collage of an event or series of actions and events.
Scenario analysis is a process of analyzing possible future events by considering alternative possible outcomes (sometimes called "alternative worlds").
Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.
A serious game or applied game is a game designed for a primary purpose other than pure entertainment.
Seymour Aubrey Papert (February 29, 1928 – July 31, 2016) was a South African-born American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator, who spent most of his career teaching and researching at MIT.
SimCity is an open-ended city-building video game series originally designed by Will Wright.
Similitude is a concept applicable to the testing of engineering models.
In health care, a simulated patient (SP), also known as a standardized patient, sample patient, or patient instructor, is an individual trained to act as a real patient in order to simulate a set of symptoms or problems.
Simulated reality is the hypothesis that reality could be simulated—for example by quantum computer simulation—to a degree indistinguishable from "true" reality.
Simulation in manufacturing systems is the use of software to make computer models of manufacturing systems, so to analyze them and thereby obtain important information.
A computer simulation language is used to describe the operation of a simulation on a computer.
In theoretical computer science a simulation preorder is a relation between state transition systems associating systems which behave in the same way in the sense that one system simulates the other.
A simulation video game describes a diverse super-category of video games, generally designed to closely simulate real world activities.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
The Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSH), formerly known as the Society for Medical Simulation is a non-profit organization founded in 2004 to advance the application of medical simulation in healthcare.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
A Space Shuttle external tank (ET) was the component of the Space Shuttle launch vehicle that contained the liquid hydrogen fuel and liquid oxygen oxidizer.
The Aerojet Rocketdyne RS-25, otherwise known as the Space Shuttle main engine (SSME), is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine that was used on NASA's Space Shuttle and is planned to be used on its successor, the Space Launch System.
The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) were the first solid fuel motors to be used for primary propulsion on a vehicle used for human spaceflight and provided the majority of the Space Shuttle's thrust during the first two minutes of flight.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Sports biomechanics is a quantitative based study and analysis of professional athletes and sports activities in general.
A standardized test is a test that is administered and scored in a consistent, or "standard", manner.
Star Tours was a motion simulator attraction at several Disney theme parks, based on the successful ''Star Wars'' film series created by George Lucas.
Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
The word stochastic is an adjective in English that describes something that was randomly determined.
A stochastic investment model tries to forecast how returns and prices on different assets or asset classes, (e. g. equities or bonds) vary over time.
A strategy game or strategic game is a game (e.g. video or board game) in which the players' uncoerced, and often autonomous decision-making skills have a high significance in determining the outcome.
Stress testing (sometimes called torture testing) is a form of deliberately intense or thorough testing used to determine the stability of a given system or entity.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
In computer science, a simulation is a computation of the execution of some appropriately modelled state-transition system.
The field of system identification uses statistical methods to build mathematical models of dynamical systems from measured data.
Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Tennis for Two is a sports video game developed in 1958, which simulates a game of tennis, and was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man is a motion-based 3D dark ride located at the Islands of Adventure, Orlando and Universal Studios Japan, Osaka theme parks.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera was a simulator ride at Universal Studios Florida, and one of the park's original attractions.
The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The Matrix is a science fiction action media franchise created by The Wachowskis, about heroes who fight a desperate war against machine overlords that have enslaved humanity in an extremely sophisticated virtual reality system.
The Simpsons Ride is a simulator ride featured at the Universal Studios Florida and Universal Studios Hollywood theme parks.
The Sims is a life simulation game series that was developed by Maxis and The Sims Studio and published by Electronic Arts.
Theoretical computer science, or TCS, is a subset of general computer science and mathematics that focuses on more mathematical topics of computing and includes the theory of computation.
Toy Story is a 1995 American computer-animated buddy comedy adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures.
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies.
A training simulation is a virtual medium through which various types of skills can be acquired.
In theoretical computer science, a transition system is a concept used in the study of computation.
In communications and electronic engineering, a transmission line is a specialized cable or other structure designed to conduct alternating current of radio frequency, that is, currents with a frequency high enough that their wave nature must be taken into account.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
Transportation planning is the process of defining future policies, goals, investments, and designs to prepare for future needs to move people and goods to destinations.
Tron is a 1982 American science fiction action-adventure film written and directed by Steven Lisberger from a story by Lisberger and Bonnie MacBird.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
UltraHLE was an emulator for the Nintendo 64.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that can simulate an arbitrary Turing machine on arbitrary input.
The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) is a public research university located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The University of Miami (informally referred to as UM, U of M, or The U) is a private, nonsectarian research university in Coral Gables, Florida, United States.
UrbanSim is an open source urban simulation system designed by Paul Waddell of the University of California, Berkeley and developed with numerous collaborators to support metropolitan land use, transportation, and environmental planning.
Vehicle simulation games are a genre of video games which attempt to provide the player with a realistic interpretation of operating various kinds of vehicles.
Verification and validation of computer simulation models is conducted during the development of a simulation model with the ultimate goal of producing an accurate and credible model.
Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an integrated circuit (IC) by combining hundreds of thousands of transistors or devices into a single chip.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
A virtual human or digital clone is the creation or re-creation of a human being in image and voice using computer-generated imagery and sound, that is often indistinguishable from the real actor.
Virtual cinematography is the set of cinematographic techniques performed in a computer graphics environment.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
The Virtuix Omni is an omnidirectional treadmill simulator for virtual reality games and other applications.
A wargame (also war game) is a strategy game that deals with military operations of various types, real or fictional.
Web-based simulation (WBS) is the invocation of computer simulation services over the World Wide Web, specifically through a web browser.
A wire-frame model is a visual presentation of a 3-dimensional (3D) or physical object used in 3D computer graphics.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
300 is a 2006 American epic war film based on the 1998 comic series 300 by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley.
3D audio effects are a group of sound effects that manipulate the sound produced by stereo speakers, surround-sound speakers, speaker-arrays, or headphones.
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