232 relations: A Man Called Horse (film), Abraham Lincoln, Ajamu Baraka, Alberta, Algonquian languages, American bison, American Horse, American Horse (elder), American Indian Movement, Andrew Myrick, Anglicisation, Anthropologist, Artillery, Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, Assiniboine, Assiniboine language, Bakken Formation, Battle of Cedar Creek (1876), Battle of Powder River, Battle of Slim Buttes, Battle of the Little Bighorn, Battle of the Rosebud, Battle of Warbonnet Creek, Battle of Wolf Mountain, Belle Vue Zoological Gardens, Bernie Sanders, Big Eagle, Billy Mills, Birdtail Sioux First Nation, Black Elk, Black Hawk (artist), Black Lives Matter, Black Moon (person), Blood quantum laws, Blue Horse (Lakota leader), Brulé, Buffalo Bill, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (film), Canada, Canupawakpa Dakota First Nation, Catlinite, Charles Eastman, Chase Iron Eyes, Cheyenne, Cheyenne River Indian Reservation, Christianity, Claude-Jean Allouez, Conquering Bear, Court-martial, ..., Crazy Horse, Crow Creek Indian Reservation, Crow King, Dakota Access Pipeline, Dakota language, Dakota people, Dakota Plains First Nation, Dances with Wolves, Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, Darwen, Dee Brown (writer), Dictionary.com, Diplomatic recognition, Dull Knife Fight, Earthworks (archaeology), English language, Exonym and endonym, Federal Bureau of Investigation, First Nations, Flandreau Indian Reservation, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, Flying Hawk, Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Fort Qu'Appelle, Fraternity, French language, Friendly fire, Gall (Native American leader), Ghost Dance, Gorton, Great Sioux Nation, Great Sioux War of 1876, Green Party of the United States, Hidatsa, Hollow Horn Bear, Hotchkiss gun, Hudson's Bay Company, Hunkpapa, Hydraulic fracturing, Hypothermia, Illinois, Indian reservation, Indian reserve, Inkpaduta, International law, Iowa, Iron Tail, Iroquois, Ishtakhaba, James River (Dakotas), Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye, Jean Nicolet, Jill Stein, John Grass, Kicking Bear, Kill Eagle, Lake Marion (South Carolina), Lake Traverse Indian Reservation, Lakota language, Lakota people, Lame Deer, Law of the United States, Ledger art, Little Big Man, Little Crow, Lone Horn, Low Dog, Lower Brule Indian Reservation, Lower Sioux Indian Reservation, Luther Standing Bear, Mandan, Manitoba, Mankato, Minnesota, Massacre Canyon, Massasauga, Médard des Groseilliers, Mdewakanton, Miniconjou, Minnesota, Minnesota River, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Montana, Montana Territory, Murder, Nakoda (Stoney), Nakota, National Geographic, Native Americans in the United States, Natural law, Nebraska, Nelson A. Miles, North American fur trade, North Dakota, Oglala Lakota, Ohio, Ojibwe, Old Chief Smoke, Omaha, Nebraska, Pappy Boyington, Patoka, Illinois, Pawnee people, Pawnee Scouts, Piegan Blackfeet, Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Pipeline transport, Platte River, Portage la Prairie, Powder River (Wyoming and Montana), Powder River Country, Prairie Island Indian Community, Proto-Algonquian language, Rain-in-the-Face, Rape, Red Cloud, Red Cloud's War, Red Shirt (Oglala), Rocky Mountains, Rosebud Indian Reservation, Running Antelope, Russell Means, Sacred, Sans Arc, Santee River, Santee Sioux Reservation, Saskatchewan, Sault, Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, Sihasapa, Siouan languages, Sioux language, Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate, Sitting Bull, Soo, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southeastern United States, Spirit Lake Tribe, Spotted Elk, Spotted Tail, Spruce Woods Provincial Park, Standing Rock Indian Reservation, Stoney language, Sue, Sun Dance, Syncretism, Tamaha (Dakota leader), The Dakotas, The Washington Post, Thunderheart, Touch the Clouds, Treaty Four Reserve Grounds 77, Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), Treaty of Mendota, Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, Two Kettles, Two Strike, South Dakota, United States Army, United States Marshals Service, Upper Sioux Indian Reservation, Wakan Tanka, Wanata, War Eagle (Dakota Leader), Westphalian sovereignty, White Bull, Whitecap Dakota First Nation, Wisconsin, Wood Mountain, Saskatchewan, Woodland, Woodrow W. Keeble, Wounded Knee, South Dakota, Wyoming, Wyoming Territory, Yankton Indian Reservation, Yankton Sioux Tribe, Yellowstone River, Young Man Afraid Of His Horses, Zitkala-Sa, 7th Cavalry Regiment. Expand index (182 more) » « Shrink index
A Man Called Horse is a 1970 American-Mexican Western film starring Richard Harris and directed by Elliot Silverstein.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Ajamu S. Baraka (born October 25, 1953) is an American activist and was the Green Party's nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
The Algonquian languages (or; also Algonkian) are a subfamily of Native American languages which includes most of the languages in the Algic language family.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
American Horse (Oglala Lakota: Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke in Standard Lakota Orthography) (a/k/a "American Horse the Younger") (1840 – December 16, 1908) was an Oglala Lakota chief, statesman, educator and historian.
American Horse (Oglala Lakota: Wašíčuŋ Tȟašúŋke in Standard Lakota Orthography) (a/k/a "American Horse the Elder") (1830–September 9, 1876) was an Oglala Lakota warrior chief renowned for Spartan courage and honor.
The American Indian Movement (AIM) is an American Indian advocacy group in the United States, founded in July 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Andrew J. Myrick (May 28, 1832 – August 18, 1862), was a trader who, with his Dakota wife (Winyangewin/Nancy Myrick), operated a store in southwest Minnesota near the Minnesota River in the late part of his life.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Assiniboia is a town in Southern Saskatchewan, Canada.
The Assiniboine or Assiniboin people (when singular, when plural; Ojibwe: Asiniibwaan, "stone Sioux"; also in plural Assiniboine or Assiniboin), also known as the Hohe and known by the endonym Nakota (or Nakoda or Nakona), are a First Nations/Native American people originally from the Northern Great Plains of North America.
The Assiniboine language (also known as Assiniboin, Hohe, or Nakota, Nakoda, Nakon or Nakona, or Stoney) is a Nakotan Siouan language of the Northern Plains.
The Bakken Formation is a rock unit from the Late Devonian to Early Mississippian age occupying about of the subsurface of the Williston Basin, underlying parts of Montana, North Dakota, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
The Battle of Cedar Creek (also called Big Dry Creek or Big Dry River) occurred on October 21, 1876, in the Montana Territory between the United States Army and a force of Lakota Sioux Native Americans during the Great Sioux War of 1876.
The Battle of Powder River, also known as the Reynolds Battle, occurred on Friday, March 17, 1876, in Montana Territory, United States.
The Battle of Slim Buttes was fought on September 9 and 10, 1876, in the Great Sioux Reservation in the Dakota Territory, between the United States Army and the Sioux.
The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass and also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, was an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army.
The Battle of the Rosebud (also known as the Battle of Rosebud Creek) occurred June 17, 1876, in the Montana Territory between the United States Army and its Crow and Shoshoni allies against a force consisting mostly of Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne Indians during the Great Sioux War of 1876.
The Battle of Warbonnet Creek was a skirmish characterized by a duel between "Buffalo Bill" Cody and a young Cheyenne warrior named Heova'ehe or Yellow Hair (often incorrectly translated as "Yellow Hand").
The Battle of Wolf Mountain, also known the Battle of the Wolf Mountains, Miles's Battle on the Tongue River, the Battle of the Butte and called the Battle of Belly Butte by the Northern Cheyenne, occurred January 8, 1877, in southern Montana Territory between soldiers of the United States Army against Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne warriors during the Great Sioux War of 1876.
Belle Vue Zoological Gardens was a large zoo, amusement park, exhibition hall complex and speedway stadium in Belle Vue, Manchester, England, opened in 1836.
Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
Big Eagle (Dakota: Waŋbdí Táŋka, c. 1827 – 1906) was the leader of a band of Mdewakanton Dakota Sioux in Minnesota.
William Mervin "Billy" Mills, also known as Makata Taka Hela (born June 30, 1938), is a Native American former track and field athlete who won a gold medal in the Olympic Games.
Birdtail Sioux First Nation are a Dakota First Nation located approximately 50 km north of Virden, Manitoba.
Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk) (December 1, 1863 – August 19, 1950) was a famous wičháša wakȟáŋ (medicine man and holy man) and heyoka of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) who lived in the present-day United States, primarily South Dakota.
Čhetáŋ Sápa' (Black Hawk) (ca. 1832–ca. 1890) was a medicine man and member of the Sans Arc or Itázipčho band of the Lakota people.
Black Lives Matter (BLM) is an international activist movement, originating in the African-American community, that campaigns against violence and systemic racism toward black people.
Black Moon Wi Sapa (c. 1821–March 1, 1893) was a Miniconjou Lakota headman with the northern Lakota during the nineteenth century, not to be confused with the Hunkpapa leader by the same name.
Blood quantum laws or Indian blood laws are those enacted in the United States and the former colonies to define qualification by ancestry as Native American, sometimes in relation to tribal membership.
Blue Horse (Oglala Lakota: (Šúŋkawakȟáŋ Tȟó in Standard Lakota Orthography) (1822July 16, 1908) was a leader of the Wágluȟe Band of Oglala Lakota, warrior, statesman and educator. Blue Horse is notable in American history as one of the first Oglala Lakota United States Army Indian Scouts and signatory of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. Blue Horse was known for a willingness to rescue white men in distress and the iconic one-eyed chief was popular subject for portraitists. Blue Horse's life chronicles the history of the Oglala Lakota through the 19th and early 20th centuries. Blue Horse and his adopted brother Red Cloud fought for over 50 years to deflect the worst effects of white rule; feed, clothe and educate their people and preserve sacred Oglala Lakota land and heritage.
The Brulé are one of the seven branches or bands (sometimes called "sub-tribes") of the Teton (Titonwan) Lakota American Indian people. They are known as Sičháŋǧu Oyáte (in Lakota), or "Burnt Thighs Nation", and so, were called Brulé (literally "burnt") by the French. The name may have derived from an incident where they were fleeing through a grass fire on the plains.
William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman.
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West is a 1970 book by American writer Dee Brown that covers the history of Native Americans in the American West in the late nineteenth century.
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is a 2007 historical drama television film adapted from the book of the same name by Dee Brown.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canupawakpa Dakota First Nation is located on Oak Lake Reserve - 59A (a smaller, non-developed 59B land parcel is located North of 59A near Scarth, Manitoba).
Catlinite (also called pipestone) is a type of argillite (metamorphosed mudstone), usually brownish-red in color, which occurs in a matrix of Sioux Quartzite.
Charles Alexander Eastman (born Hakadah and later named Ohíye S’a; February 19, 1858 – January 8, 1939) was a Santee Dakota physician educated at Boston University, writer, national lecturer, and reformer.
Chase Iron Eyes is an American Indian activist, attorney, politician, and a member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe.
The Cheyenne are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.
The Cheyenne River Indian Reservation was created by the United States in 1889 by breaking up the Great Sioux Reservation, following the attrition of the Lakota in a series of wars in the 1870s.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Claude Jean Allouez (June 6, 1622 – August 28, 1689) was a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
Matȟó Wayúhi ("Conquering Bear") (1800 – August 19, 1854) was a Brulé Lakota chief who signed the Fort Laramie Treaty (1851).
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
Crazy Horse (italic in Standard Lakota Orthography, IPA:,; – September 5, 1877) was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota in the 19th century.
The Crow Creek Indian Reservation (Kȟaŋğí Wakpá Oyáŋke) is located in parts of Buffalo, Hughes, and Hyde counties on the east bank of the Missouri River in central South Dakota in the United States.
Crow King (in Lakota Kȟaŋǧí Yátapi), also known as Medicine Bag That Burns, Burns The Medicine Bag or simply Medicine Bag; was a Hunkpapa Sioux war chief at the time of the Battle of Little Big Horn.
The Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) or Bakken pipeline is a underground oil pipeline in the United States.
The Dakota people are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government in North America.
Dakota Plains First Nation is a First Nations entity located southwest of Portage la Prairie, Manitoba.
Dances with Wolves is a 1990 American epic Western film starring, directed and produced by Kevin Costner.
Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut (c. 1639 – 25 February 1710) was a French soldier and explorer who is the first European known to have visited the area where the city of Duluth, Minnesota, is now located and the headwaters of the Mississippi River near Bemidji, Minnesota.
Darwen is a market town and civil parish located in Lancashire, England.
Dorris Alexander "Dee" Brown (February 29, 1908 – December 12, 2002) was an American novelist, historian, and librarian.
Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.
Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).
The Dull Knife Fight, or the Battle on the Red Fork, part of the Great Sioux War of 1876, was a battle that was fought on November 25, 1876 in present-day Johnson County, Wyoming between soldiers and scouts of the United States Army and warriors of the Northern Cheyenne.
In archaeology, earthworks are artificial changes in land level, typically made from piles of artificially placed or sculpted rocks and soil.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.
The Flandreau Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation, belonging to the federally recognized Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.
The Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe are a federally recognized tribe of Santee Dakota people.
Flying Hawk (Oglala Lakota: Čhetáŋ Kiŋyáŋ in Standard Lakota Orthography; a/k/a Moses Flying Hawk; March 1854 – December 24, 1931) was an Oglala Lakota warrior, historian, educator and philosopher.
The Fort Peck Indian Reservation is near Fort Peck, Montana, in the northeast part of the state.
Fort Qu'Appelle is a town in Southern Saskatchewan, Canada "located in the Qu'Appelle Valley 70 km NE of Regina between Echo and Mission Lakes" and not to be confused with the once-significant nearby town of Qu'Appelle.
A fraternity (from Latin frater: "brother"; "brotherhood"), fraternal order or fraternal organization is an organization, a society or a club of men associated together for various religious or secular aims.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Gall (c. 1840–December 5, 1894) Lakota Phizí, (gall bladder) was a battle leader of the Hunkpapa Lakota in the long war against the United States.
The Ghost Dance (Caddo: Nanissáanah, also called the Ghost Dance of 1890) was a new religious movement incorporated into numerous American Indian belief systems.
Gorton is an area of Manchester in North West England, southeast of the city centre.
The Great Sioux Nation was the political structure of the Sioux in North America at the time of their contact with Europeans and Euro-Americans.
The Great Sioux War of 1876, also known as the Black Hills War, was a series of battles and negotiations which occurred in 1876 and 1877 between the Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and the government of the United States.
The Green Party of the United States (GPUS) is a green federation of political parties in the United States.
The Hidatsa are a Siouan people.
Hollow Horn Bear (Lakota, Matȟó Héȟloǧeča) (March 1850March 15, 1913) was a Brulé Lakota leader.
The Hotchkiss gun can refer to different products of the Hotchkiss arms company starting in the late 19th century.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
The Hunkpapa (Lakota: Húŋkpapȟa) are a Native American group, one of the seven council fires of the Lakota tribe.
Hydraulic fracturing (also fracking, fraccing, frac'ing, hydrofracturing or hydrofracking) is a well stimulation technique in which rock is fractured by a pressurized liquid.
Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.
In Canada, an Indian reserve (réserve indienne) is specified by the Indian Act as a "tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band." First Nations reserves are the areas set aside for First Nations people after a contract with the Canadian state ("the Crown"), and are not to be confused with land claims areas, which involve all of that First Nations' traditional lands: a much larger territory than any other reserve.
Inkpaduta (Dakota: Iŋkpáduta, variously translated as "Red End," "Red Cap," or "Scarlet Point") (about 1797–1881) was a war chief of the Wahpekute band of the Dakota (Eastern or Santee Dakota) during the 1857 Spirit Lake Massacre and later Western Sioux actions against the United States Army in the Dakota Territory, Wyoming and Montana.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Iron Tail (Oglala Lakota: Siŋté Máza in Standard Lakota Orthography) (1842 – May 29, 1916) was an Oglala Lakota Chief and a star performer with Buffalo Bill's Wild West.
The Iroquois or Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) are a historically powerful northeast Native American confederacy.
Ishtakhaba (Dakota: Ištáȟba), also known as Chief Sleepy Eye, was a Native American chief of the Sisseton Dakota tribe.
The James River (also known as the Jim River or the Dakota River) is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 710 miles (1,140 km) long, draining an area of 20,653 square miles (53,490 km2) in the U.S. states of North Dakota and South Dakota.
Jean-Baptiste Gaultier de la Vérendrye (September 3, 1713 – June 6, 1736) was the eldest son of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye and Marie-Anne Dandonneau Du Sablé.
Jean Nicolet (Nicollet), Sieur de Belleborne (ca. 15981 November 1642) was a French coureur des bois noted for discovering and exploring Lake Michigan, Mackinac Island, Green Bay, and being the first European to set foot in what is now the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Jill Ellen Stein (born May 14, 1950) is an American physician, activist, and politician.
John Grass, Matȟó Watȟákpe or Charging Bear (1836–May 10, 1918) was a chief of the Sihasapa (Blackfeet) band of Lakota people during the 1870s through 1890s.
Kicking Bear (March 18, 1846 – May 28, 1904), also called Matȟó Wanáȟtaka, was an Oglala Lakota who became a band chief of the Miniconjou Lakota Sioux. He fought in several battles with his brother, Flying Hawk and first cousin, Crazy Horse during the War for the Black Hills, including Battle of the Greasy Grass. Kicking Bear was one of the five warrior cousins who sacrificed blood and flesh for Crazy Horse at the Last Sun Dance of 1877. The ceremony was held to honor Crazy Horse one year after the victory at the Battle of the Greasy Grass, and to offer prayers for him in the trying times ahead. Crazy Horse attended the Sun Dance as the honored guest but did not take part in the dancing. The five warrior cousins were brothers Kicking Bear, Flying Hawk and Black Fox II, all sons of Chief Black Fox, also known as Great Kicking Bear, and two other cousins, Eagle Thunder and Walking Eagle. The five warrior cousins were braves considered vigorous battle men of distinction. Kicking Bear was also a holy man active in the Ghost Dance religious movement of 1890, and had traveled with fellow Lakota Short Bull to visit the movement's leader, Wovoka (a Paiute holy man living in Nevada). The three Lakota men were instrumental in bringing the movement to their people who were living on reservations in South Dakota. Following the murder of Sitting Bull, Kicking Bear and Short Bull were imprisoned at Fort Sheridan, Illinois. Upon their release in 1891, both men joined Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show, and toured with the show in Europe. That experience was humiliating to him. After a year-long tour, Kicking Bear returned to the Pine Ridge Reservation to care for his family. In March 1896, Kicking Bear traveled to Washington, D.C. as one of three Sioux delegates taking grievances to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. He made his feelings known about the drunken behavior of traders on the reservation, and asked that Native Americans have more ability to make their own decisions. While in Washington, Kicking Bear agreed to have a life mask made of himself. The mask was to be used as the face of a Sioux warrior to be displayed in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. A gifted artist, he painted his account of the Battle of Greasy Grass at the request of artist Frederic Remington in 1898, more than twenty years after the battle. Kicking Bear was buried with the arrowhead as a symbol of the ways he so dearly desired to resurrect when he died on May 28, 1904. His remains are buried somewhere in the vicinity of Manderson-White Horse Creek.
Kill Eagle, Waŋblí Kte (ca. 1827–1885) was a prominent leader of the Sihasapa (Blackfeet) band of Lakota people during the late nineteenth century.
Lake Marion is the largest lake in South Carolina, centrally located and with territory within five counties.
The Lake Traverse Indian Reservation is the homeland of the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate, a branch of the Santee Dakota group of Native Americans.
Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.
Lame Deer (died 1877) (Miniconjou Lakota), was a Wakpokinyan band leader (vice chief).
The law of the United States comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the United States Constitution, the foundation of the federal government of the United States.
Ledger art is a term for Plains Indian narrative drawing or painting on paper or cloth.
Little Big Man (Lakota: Wičháša Tȟáŋkala), or Charging Bear, was an Oglala Lakota, or Oglala Sioux, who was a fearless and respected warrior who fought under, and was rivals with, Crazy Horse ("His-Horse-Is-Crazy").
Little Crow (Dakota: Thaóyate Dúta; ca. 1810 – July 3, 1863) was a chief of the Mdewakanton Dakota people.
Lone Horn (Lakota: Hewáŋžiča, or in historical spelling "Heh-won-ge-chat" or "Ha-wón-je-tah"), also called One Horn (1790 –1877), born in present-day South Dakota), was chief of the Wakpokinyan (Flies Along the Stream) band of the Minneconjou Lakota. Lone Horn's sons were Spotted Elk (later known as Big Foot) and Touch the Clouds, and Crazy Horse was his nephew.Sundstrom, Linea. Saint Francis Mission. Archived 24 Feb 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2012. He participated in the signing of the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868, which reads "Heh-won-ge-chat, his x mark, One Horn" Old Chief Smoke (1774–1864) was Lone Horn's maternal uncle. Lone Horn died near Bear Butte in 1877 from old age. After Lone Horn's death his adopted son Spotted Elk eventually became chief of the Minneconjou and was later killed along with his people at the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890.
Low Dog, (Lakota: Šúŋka Khúčiyela) (c.1846-1894) was an Oglala Lakota chief who fought with Sitting Bull at the Little Bighorn.
The Lower Brulé Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation that belongs to the Lower Brulé Lakota Tribe.
The Lower Sioux Indian Reservation, (Dakota: Cansa'yapi; Čhaŋšáyapi) also known as the Mdewakanton Tribal Reservation, is an Indian reservation located along the southern bank of the Minnesota River in Paxton and Sherman townships in Redwood County, Minnesota.
Luther Standing Bear (December 1868 – February 20, 1939) (Óta Kté or "Plenty Kill" also known as Matȟó Nážiŋ or "Standing Bear") was an Oglala Lakota chief notable in American history as a Native American author, educator, philosopher, and actor of the twentieth century.
The Mandan are a Native American tribe of the Great Plains who have lived for centuries primarily in what is now North Dakota.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Mankato is a city in Blue Earth, Nicollet, and Le Sueur counties in the state of Minnesota.
The Massacre Canyon battle took place in Nebraska on August 5, 1873 near the Republican River.
The massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a rattlesnake species found in midwestern North America from southern and eastern Ontario to northern Mexico, and parts of the United States in between.
Médard Chouart des Groseilliers (1618–1696) was a French explorer and fur trader in Canada.
Mdewakantonwan (currently pronounced Bdewákhathuŋwaŋ, also M'DAY-wah-kahn-tahn) are one of the sub-tribes of the Isanti (Santee) Dakota (Sioux).
The Miniconjou (Lakota: Mnikȟówožu, Hokwoju – ‘Plants by the Water’) are a Native American people constituting a subdivision of the Lakota people, who formerly inhabited an area in western present-day South Dakota from the Black Hills in to the Platte River.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
The Minnesota River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 332 miles (534 km) long, in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
The Missouri River is the longest river in North America.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
The Territory of Montana was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1864, until November 8, 1889, when it was admitted as the 41st state in the Union as the State of Montana.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
The Nakoda (also known as Stoney or Îyârhe Nakoda) are an indigenous people in Western Canada and, originally, the United States.
The term Nakota (or Nakoda or also Nakona) is the endonym used by those native peoples of North America who usually go by the name of Assiniboine (or Hohe), in the United States, and of Stoney, in Canada.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Natural law (ius naturale, lex naturalis) is a philosophy asserting that certain rights are inherent by virtue of human nature, endowed by nature—traditionally by God or a transcendent source—and that these can be understood universally through human reason.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American military general who served in the American Civil War, the American Indian Wars, and the Spanish–American War.
The North American fur trade was the industry and activities related to the acquisition, trade, exchange, and sale of animal furs in North America.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
The Oglala Lakota or Oglala Sioux (pronounced, meaning "to scatter one's own" in Lakota language) are one of the seven subtribes of the Lakota people who, along with the Dakota, make up the Great Sioux Nation.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa are an Anishinaabeg group of Indigenous Peoples in North America, which is referred to by many of its Indigenous peoples as Turtle Island.
Old Chief Smoke (Lakota: Šóta, pronounced Sho-tah) (October 1774 – September 1864) was an original Oglala Sioux head chief.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (December 4, 1912 – January 11, 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II.
Patoka is a village in Marion County, Illinois, United States.
The Pawnee are a Plains Indian tribe who are headquartered in Pawnee, Oklahoma.
Pawnee Scouts were employed by the United States Army in the latter half of the 19th century.
The Piegan (Blackfoot: Piikáni) are an Algonquian-speaking people from the North American Great Plains.
Pierre-Charles Le Sueur (c. 1657, Artois, France – 17 July 1704, Havana, Cuba) was a French fur trader and explorer in North America, recognized as the first known European to explore the Minnesota River valley.
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636/1640–1710) was a French fur trader and explorer.
The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Wazí Aháŋhaŋ Oyáŋke), also called Pine Ridge Agency, is an Oglala Lakota Native American reservation located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about long.
Portage la Prairie is a small city in the Central Plains Region of Manitoba, Canada.
Powder River is a tributary of the Yellowstone River, approximately long in northeastern Wyoming and southeastern Montana in the United States.
The Powder River Country is the Powder River Basin area of the Great Plains in northeastern Wyoming, United States.
Prairie Island Indian Community (Dakota: Tinta Winta) is a Mdewakanton Sioux Indian reservation in Goodhue County, Minnesota, along the Mississippi River.
Proto-Algonquian (commonly abbreviated PA) is the proto-language from which the various Algonquian languages are descended.
Rain-in-the-Face (Lakota: Ité Omáǧažu in Standard Lakota Orthography) (c. 1835 – September 15, 1905) was a warchief of the Lakota tribe of Native Americans.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
Red Cloud (Lakota: Maȟpíya Lúta) (1822 – December 10, 1909) was one of the most important leaders of the Oglala Lakota.
Red Cloud's War (also referred to as the Bozeman War or the Powder River War) was an armed conflict between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho on one side and the United States in Wyoming and Montana territories from 1866 to 1868.
Red Shirt (Oglala Lakota: Ógle Šá in Standard Lakota Orthography) (a/k/a "Ogilasa" and "Joseph Red Shirt") (1847-January 4, 1925) was an Oglala Lakota chief, warrior and statesman.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
The Rosebud Indian Reservation (RIR) is an Indian reservation in South Dakota, United States.
Running Antelope or Tȟatȟóka Íŋyaŋke (1821–1896) became a head chief of the Húŋkpapȟa in 1851.
Russell Charles Means (November 10, 1939 – October 22, 2012) was an Oglala Lakota activist for the rights of American Indian people, libertarian political activist, actor, writer, and musician.
Sacred means revered due to sanctity and is generally the state of being perceived by religious individuals as associated with divinity and considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion; or inspiring awe or reverence among believers.
The Sans Arc, or Itázipčho (Itazipcola, Hazipco - ‘Those who hunt without bows’) in Lakota, are a subdivision of the Lakota people.
The Santee River is a river in South Carolina in the United States, long.
The Santee Sioux Reservation of the Santee Sioux (also known as the Eastern Dakota) was established in 1863 in present-day Nebraska.
Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without natural borders.
Sault may refer to.
The Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community (SMSC) (Dakota: Bdemayaṭo Oyate) is a federally recognized, sovereign Indian tribe of Mdewakanton Dakota people, located southwest of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, within parts of the cities of Prior Lake and Shakopee in Scott County, Minnesota.
The Sihásapa or Blackfoot Sioux are a division of the Lakota people, Titonwan, or Teton.
Siouan or Siouan–Catawban is a language family of North America that is located primarily in the Great Plains, Ohio and Mississippi valleys and southeastern North America with a few outlier languages in the east.
Sioux is a Siouan language spoken by over 30,000 Sioux in the United States and Canada, making it the fifth most spoken indigenous language in the United States or Canada, behind Navajo, Cree, Inuit languages and Ojibwe.
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation is a Dakota Nation, they are the Dakota people of the Sioux that reside west of Brandon, Manitoba.
The Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, formerly Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe/Dakota Nation, is a federally recognized tribe comprising two bands and two sub-divisions of the Isanti or Santee Dakota people.
Sitting Bull (Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake in Standard Lakota orthography, also nicknamed Húŋkešni or "Slow"; c. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies.
Soo or SOO may refer to.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Southeastern United States (Sureste de Estados Unidos, Sud-Est des États-Unis) is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
The Spirit Lake Tribe (in Santee Dakota: Mni Wakan Oyate, formerly known as Devils Lake Sioux) is a federally recognized tribe based on a reservation located in east-central North Dakota on the southern shores of Devils Lake.
Spotted Elk (Lakota: Uŋpȟáŋ Glešká, sometimes spelled OH-PONG-GE-LE-SKAH or Hupah Glešká: 1826 approx &ndash), was the name of a chief of the Miniconjou, Lakota Sioux.
Siŋté Glešká (pronounced gleh-shka, Spotted Tail; born c. 1823 – died August 5, 1881) was a Brulé Lakota tribal chief.
Spruce Woods Provincial Park is located in south-central Manitoba, Canada where the Assiniboine River passes through the delta of sediment left by the last glaciation.
The Standing Rock Indian Reservation (Íŋyaŋ Woslál Háŋ) is located in North Dakota and South Dakota in the United States, and is occupied by ethnic Hunkpapa Lakota, Sihasapa Lakota and Yanktonai Dakota.
Stoney—also called Nakota, Nakoda, Isga, and formerly Alberta Assiniboine—is a member of the Dakota subgroup of the Mississippi Valley grouping of the Siouan languages.
Sue or SUE may refer to.
The Sun Dance is a ceremony practiced by some Indigenous people of United States of America and Canada, primarily those of the Plains cultures.
Syncretism is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.
Standing Moose or more commonly as Tamaha (c. 1776-1864) was a Mdewakanton Dakota.
The Dakotas is a collective term for the U.S. states of North Dakota and South Dakota.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Thunderheart is a 1992 contemporary western mystery film directed by Michael Apted from an original screenplay by John Fusco.
Touch the Clouds (Lakota: Maȟpíya Ičáȟtagya or Maȟpíya Íyapat’o) (c. 1838 – September 5, 1905) was a chief of the Minneconjou Teton Lakota (also known as Sioux) known for his bravery and skill in battle, physical strength and diplomacy in counsel.
Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reserve No.
The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) was an agreement between the United States and the Oglala, Miniconjou, and Brulé bands of Lakota people, Yanktonai Dakota and Arapaho Nation, following the failure of the first Fort Laramie treaty, signed in 1851.
The Treaty of Mendota was signed in Mendota, Minnesota on August 5, 1851 between the United States federal government and the Mdewakanton and Wahpekute Dakota people of Minnesota.
The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux was a treaty signed on July 23, 1851, at Traverse des Sioux in Minnesota Territory between the United States government and Sioux Indian bands in Minnesota Territory.
Two Kettles or O'ohe Nuŋpa (O'ohenuŋpa, O'ohenonpa - “Two Boilings” or “Two Kettles”) was a large sub division of the Lakota Sioux tribe of Native Americans, numbering about 5000-6000 in 1800, united with the Blackfeet/Sihasapa band in 1824, were decimated by smallpox in 1851, then by cholera, now considered extinct.
Two Strike is a census-designated place (CDP) in Todd County, South Dakota, United States, named after Brulé, Lakota chief Two Strike who lived at that location for a period of time.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a federal law-enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice.
The Upper Sioux Indian Reservation (or Pezihutazizi in Dakota) is the reservation of the Upper Sioux Community, one of the three federally recognized bands of the Mdewakanton tribe of Sioux people.
In the Lakota way of life, Wakan Tanka (Standard Lakota Orthography: Wakȟáŋ Tȟáŋka) is the term for "the sacred" or "the divine".
Wa-na-ta (Dakota: Wánataŋ which translates as One who charges, or Charger) or Waneta was a chief of the Yanktonai, a tribe of the Dakota.
War Eagle (Dakota: Waŋbdí Okíčhize) was born in Minnesota or Wisconsin around 1785. He had left his own tribe, the Santee, to avoid bloodshed in a fight as to who would be chief. As a young man, War Eagle spent considerable time working among the white Americans. During the War of 1812, he carried messages for the United States government, and worked among the native peoples to promote the cause of the United States against the British. He worked as a riverboat guide on the upper Mississippi and also served as a messenger for the American Fur Company on the Missouri. After marrying in Minnesota around 1830, he was adopted into the Yankton Sioux tribe. He and his wife had four girls and three boys. By the mid-1830s, he had been elected a chief of the tribe, and traveled to Washington, D.C. with other tribal leaders to negotiate peace treaties. War Eagle was especially proud of a silver Peace Medal given to him by President Martin Van Buren in 1837. Two of his daughters, Dawn and Blazing Cloud, married Theophile Bruguier, a trader with the American Fur Company who had also been accepted into the Yankton tribe and had traveled with them for several years. According to one tradition, Bruguier told War Eagle about a dream he had of a place where two mighty rivers joined near a high bluff. War Eagle told Bruguier he had been to that place and would show it to him. In fact, both men had likely passed by this place many times in their fur trading voyages between St. Louis, Missouri and Fort Pierre. Bruguier claimed the land near the confluence of the Big Sioux and Missouri rivers. In 1849, he built a log cabin, and with his two wives settled the land and traded with the Indians. His house is considered the first white settlement in what would shortly become Sioux City, Iowa. In the fall of 1851 War Eagle died and was buried on top of the high bluff overlooking the confluence of the Big Sioux and Missouri. Other members of his family are also buried there, including Dawn and Blazing Cloud. Today the bluff is part of War Eagle Park in Sioux City. An impressive monument honors the great chief, and depicts him with the eagle feather bonnet and ceremonial pipe, symbolizing his brave leadership and his commitment to peace. Housing projects on the east base of the bluff also bear his name.
Westphalian sovereignty, or state sovereignty, is the principle of international law that each nation-state has exclusive sovereignty over its territory.
White Bull (Lakota: Tȟatȟáŋka Ská) (April 1849 – June 21, 1947) was the nephew of Sitting Bull, and a famous warrior in his own right.
Whitecap Dakota First Nation is a Dakota First Nations band government whose reserve is located south of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Wood Mountain is a village in Old Post Rural Municipality 43, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.
Woodrow Wilson Keeble (May 16, 1917 – January 28, 1982) was a U.S. Army National Guard combat veteran of both World War II and the Korean War.
Wounded Knee (Lakota: Čaŋkpé Opí) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota, United States.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The Territory of Wyoming was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 25, 1868, until July 10, 1890, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Wyoming.
The Yankton Indian Reservation is the homeland of the Yankton subgroup of the Dakota tribe of Native Americans.
The Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota is a federally recognized tribe of Yankton Western Dakota people, located in South Dakota.
The Yellowstone River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately long, in the western United States.
Young-Man-Afraid-Of-His-Horses (1836 – July 13, 1893), also translated as His-Horses-Are-Afraid and They-Fear-Even-His-Horses, was a chief of the Oglala Sioux.
Zitkála-Šá (1876–1938) (Lakota: Red Bird), also known by the missionary-given and later married name Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Sioux (Yankton Dakota) writer, editor, musician, teacher, and political activist.
The 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment formed in 1866.