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Skin cancer

Index Skin cancer

Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin. [1]

94 relations: Acitretin, Angiosarcoma, Antioxidant, Auckland, Australia, Azathioprine, Basal-cell carcinoma, Basement membrane, Biopsy, Blood vessel, Brachytherapy, BRAF (gene), Canada, Cancer, Cancer registry, Carcinogen, Cell (biology), Chemotherapy, Ciclosporin, Complete circumferential peripheral and deep margin assessment, Congenital melanocytic nevus, Dabrafenib, Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, Dermatology, Electrodesiccation and curettage, EMedicine, Eosinophilic, External beam radiotherapy, Field stain, Fine-needle aspiration, Five-year survival rate, Fluorouracil, Fungating lesion, Head, HIV/AIDS, Human body, Human papillomavirus infection, Imiquimod, Immunosuppression, Immunosuppressive drug, Indoor tanning, Ionizing radiation, Ipilimumab, Kaposi's sarcoma, Keratin, Keratoacanthoma, Kidney transplantation, Leiomyosarcoma, Marjolin's ulcer, MEK inhibitor, ..., Melanocytic nevus, Melanoma, Merkel cell, Merkel-cell carcinoma, Metastasis, Microcystic adnexal carcinoma, Mohs surgery, Multivitamin, National Cancer Institute, Neck, Nevus, New Zealand, Oncology, Ozone layer, Paget's disease of the breast, Palliative care, Physical hazard, Pleomorphism (cytology), PTCH1, Radiation therapy, Radical (chemistry), Sebaceous carcinoma, Shoulder, Skin, Sonic hedgehog, Squamous cell carcinoma, Squamous cell skin cancer, Sun, Sunscreen, Targeted therapy, Telangiectasia, Titanium oxide, Tobacco, Tobacco products, Trametinib, Ulcer, Ulcer (dermatology), Ultraviolet, United Kingdom, United States Preventive Services Task Force, Vemurafenib, White people, Xeroderma pigmentosum, Zinc oxide. Expand index (44 more) »

Acitretin

Acitretin (trade names Soriatane and Neotigason) is a second-generation retinoid.

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Angiosarcoma

Angiosarcoma is a cancer of the cells that line the walls of blood vessels or lymphatic vessels.

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Antioxidant

Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.

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Auckland

Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Azathioprine

Azathioprine (AZA), sold under the brand name Imuran among others, is an immunosuppressive medication.

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Basal-cell carcinoma

Basal-cell carcinoma (BCC), also known as basal-cell cancer, is the most common type of skin cancer.

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Basement membrane

The basement membrane is a thin, fibrous, extracellular matrix of tissue that separates the lining of an internal or external body surface from underlying connective tissue in metazoans.

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Biopsy

A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.

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Blood vessel

The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.

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Brachytherapy

Brachytherapy is a form of radiotherapy where a sealed radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment.

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BRAF (gene)

BRAF is a human gene that encodes a protein called B-Raf.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cancer registry

A cancer registry is a systematic collection of data about cancer and tumor diseases.

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Carcinogen

A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.

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Ciclosporin

Ciclosporin, also spelled cyclosporine and cyclosporin, is an immunosuppressant medication and natural product.

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Complete circumferential peripheral and deep margin assessment

CCPDMA is the acronym for "complete circumferential peripheral and deep margin assessment".

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Congenital melanocytic nevus

The congenital melanocytic nevus is a type of melanocytic nevus (or mole) found in infants at birth.

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Dabrafenib

Dabrafenib (trade name Tafinlar, GSK2118436) is a drug for the treatment of cancers associated with a mutated version of the gene BRAF.

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Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare tumor.

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Dermatology

Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.

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Electrodesiccation and curettage

Electrodesiccation and curettage (EDC, ED & C, or ED+C) is a medical procedure commonly performed by dermatologists, surgeons and general practitioners for the treatment of basal cell cancers and squamous cell cancers of the skin.

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EMedicine

eMedicine.com, Incorporated is an online clinical medical knowledge base founded in 1996 by two medical doctors, Scott Plantz and Jonathan Adler, and by Jeffrey Berezin, a computer engineer.

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Eosinophilic

Eosinophilic (Greek suffix -phil-, meaning loves eosin) refers to the staining of certain tissues, cells, or organelles after they have been washed with eosin, a dye.

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External beam radiotherapy

External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or teletherapy is the most common form of radiotherapy (radiation therapy).

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Field stain

Field stain is a histological method for staining of blood smears.

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Fine-needle aspiration

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a diagnostic procedure used to investigate lumps or masses.

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Five-year survival rate

The five-year survival rate is a type of survival rate for estimating the prognosis of a particular disease, normally calculated from the point of diagnosis.

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Fluorouracil

Fluorouracil (5-FU), sold under the brand name Adrucil among others, is a medication used to treat cancer.

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Fungating lesion

A fungating lesion is a skin lesion that fungates, that is, becomes like a fungus in its appearance or growth rate.

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Head

A head is the part of an organism which usually includes the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth, each of which aid in various sensory functions such as sight, hearing, smell, and taste, respectively.

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HIV/AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Human body

The human body is the entire structure of a human being.

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Human papillomavirus infection

Human papillomavirus infection is an infection by human papillomavirus (HPV).

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Imiquimod

Imiquimod (INN) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier and is used to treat genital warts, superficial basal cell carcinoma, and actinic keratosis.

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Immunosuppression

Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.

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Immunosuppressive drug

Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.

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Indoor tanning

Indoor tanning involves using a device that emits ultraviolet radiation to produce a cosmetic tan.

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Ionizing radiation

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.

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Ipilimumab

Ipilimumab (trade name Yervoy) is a monoclonal antibody that works to activate the immune system by targeting CTLA-4, a protein receptor that downregulates the immune system.

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Kaposi's sarcoma

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a type of cancer that can form masses in the skin, lymph nodes, or other organs.

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Keratin

Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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Keratoacanthoma

Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a common low-grade (unlikely to metastasize or invade) skin tumour that is believed to originate from the neck of the hair follicle.

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Kidney transplantation

Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease.

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Leiomyosarcoma

Leiomyosarcoma, also referred to as LMS, is a malignant (cancerous) smooth muscle tumor.

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Marjolin's ulcer

Marjolin's ulcer refers to an aggressive ulcerating squamous cell carcinoma presenting in an area of previously traumatized, chronically inflamed, or scarred skin.

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MEK inhibitor

A MEK inhibitor is a chemical or drug that inhibits the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase enzymes MEK1 and/or MEK2.

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Melanocytic nevus

A melanocytic nevus (also known as nevocytic nevus, nevus-cell nevus and commonly as a mole) is a type of melanocytic tumor that contains nevus cells.

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Melanoma

Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes.

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Merkel cell

Merkel cells, also known as Merkel-Ranvier cells or tactile epithelial cells, are oval-shaped mechanoreceptors essential for light touch sensation and found in the skin of vertebrates.

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Merkel-cell carcinoma

Merkel-cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and highly aggressive skin cancer, which, in most cases, is caused by the Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) discovered by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh in 2008.

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Metastasis

Metastasis is a pathogenic agent's spread from an initial or primary site to a different or secondary site within the host's body; it is typically spoken of as such spread by a cancerous tumor.

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Microcystic adnexal carcinoma

Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (also known as sclerosing sweat duct carcinoma) is a cutaneous condition characterized by a slow-growing plaque or nodule.

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Mohs surgery

Mohs surgery, developed in 1938 by a general surgeon, Frederic E. Mohs, is microscopically controlled surgery used to treat common types of skin cancer.

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Multivitamin

A multivitamin is a preparation intended to serve as a dietary supplement - with vitamins, dietary minerals, and other nutritional elements.

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National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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Neck

The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso.

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Nevus

Nevus (or nevi if multiple) is a nonspecific medical term for a visible, circumscribed, chronic lesion of the skin or mucosa.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Oncology

Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

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Ozone layer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.

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Paget's disease of the breast

Paget's disease of the breast is a type of cancer that outwardly may have the appearance of eczema, with skin changes involving the nipple of the breast.

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Palliative care

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical and nursing care for people with life-limiting illnesses.

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Physical hazard

A physical hazard is an agent, factor or circumstance that can cause harm with or without contact.

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Pleomorphism (cytology)

Pleomorphism is a term used in histology and cytopathology to describe variability in the size, shape and staining of cells and/or their nuclei.

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PTCH1

Protein patched homolog 1 is a protein that is the member of the patched family and in humans is encoded by the PTCH1 gene.

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Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

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Sebaceous carcinoma

Sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon and aggressive malignant cutaneous tumor.

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Shoulder

The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons.

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Skin

Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Sonic hedgehog

Sonic hedgehog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SHH ("sonic hedgehog") gene.

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Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas, also known as epidermoid carcinoma are a number of different types of cancer that result from squamous cells.

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Squamous cell skin cancer

Squamous-cell skin cancer, also known as cutaneous squamous-cell carcinoma (cSCC), is one of the main types of skin cancer along with basal cell cancer, and melanoma.

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Sun

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.

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Sunscreen

Sunscreen, also known as sunblock, sun cream or suntan lotion, is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation and thus helps protect against sunburn.

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Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the major modalities of medical treatment (pharmacotherapy) for cancer, others being hormonal therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy.

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Telangiectasia

Telangiectasias, also known as spider veins, are small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin or mucous membranes, measuring between 0.5 and 1 millimeter in diameter.

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Titanium oxide

Titanium oxide may refer to.

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Tobacco

Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

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Tobacco products

Tobacco is the agricultural product of the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana.

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Trametinib

Trametinib (trade name Mekinist) is a cancer drug.

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Ulcer

An ulcer is a discontinuity or break in a bodily membrane that impedes the organ of which that membrane is a part from continuing its normal functions.

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Ulcer (dermatology)

An ulcer is a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue.

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Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States Preventive Services Task Force

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is "an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention that systematically reviews the evidence of effectiveness and develops recommendations for clinical preventive services".

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Vemurafenib

Vemurafenib (INN, marketed as Zelboraf) is a B-Raf enzyme inhibitor developed by Plexxikon (now part of Daiichi-Sankyo) and Genentech for the treatment of late-stage melanoma.

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White people

White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.

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Xeroderma pigmentosum

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a genetic disorder in which there is a decreased ability to repair DNA damage such as that caused by ultraviolet (UV) light.

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Zinc oxide

Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO.

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Cancer of the skin, Causes of skin cancer, Epidermal tumors, Increasing incidence of skin cancer, Malignant lesions, Malignant pigmented lesions, Malignant skin tumours, Non melanoma skin cancer, Non-melanoma skin cancer, Nonmelanoma skin cancer, Premalignant lesions, Skin Cancer, Skin Cancers, Skin cancer (non-melanoma), Skin malignancies, Skin malignancy, Skin neoplasm, Skin neoplasms, Skin tumours, Sun exposure and skin cancer, Sun induced skin cancer, Sun-induced skin cancer.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skin_cancer

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