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The A1 motorway (автопат A1) is a motorway in the Republic of Macedonia and it forms part of the European route E75 (E75).
Above & Beyond is an English electronic music group consisting of members Jono Grant, Tony McGuinness, and Paavo Siljamäki.
Acid jazz, also known as club jazz, is a musical genre that combines elements of jazz, soul, funk, and disco.
Adolf Ciborowski (25 May 1919 - 26 January 1987) was a Polish architect.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
The AEC Routemaster is a front-engined double-decker bus that was designed by London Transport and built by the Associated Equipment Company (AEC) and Park Royal Vehicles.
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
Aerodrom (Аеродром, meaning Airport or Aerodrome) is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Al Laurence Di Meola (born July 22, 1954) is an American jazz, jazz fusion, and world music guitarist.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Albanians are the largest ethnic minority in the Republic of Macedonia.
Alberto Burri (12 March 1915 – 13 February 1995) was an Italian painter and sculptor considered a key figure in Post-War art and such artistic movements as Neo-Dada, Nouveau réalisme, postminimalism and Arte Povera.
Alexander Calder (July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) is widely considered to be one of the most important American sculptors of the 20th century.
Alliance for Albanians (Aleanca për Shqiptarët) is an Albanian political party in the Republic of Macedonia.
L'Alliance Française (French Alliance), or AF, is an international organization that aims to promote French language and culture around the world.
American Corner is an unincorporated community in Caroline County, Maryland, United States.
An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
André-Aimé-René Masson (4 January 1896 – 28 October 1987) was a French artist.
Andrey Damyanov (Андрей Дамянов; Андреја Дамјанов; Андреј Дамјанов) (Papradište, 1813–Veles, 1878), or Andreja Damjanović is considered one of the most eminent Balkan master-builders from Ottoman Macedonia.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Antenna 5 Radio Network (Антена 5) is a number 1 hits radio station in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia (Антифашистичко Собрание за Народно Ослободување на Македонија, Antifašističko Sobranie za Narodno Osloboduvanje na Makedonija; Antifašističko sobranje narodnog oslobođenja Makedonije; abbr. ASNOM) was the supreme legislative and executive people's representative body of the Macedonian state from 1944 until the end of World War II.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
Aračinovo Municipality (Општина Арачиново, Komuna e Haraçinës) is a municipality in northern part of Republic of Macedonia.
ArcelorMittal S.A. is a Luxembourgish multinational steel manufacturing corporation headquartered in Luxembourg.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
The Armée d'Orient (AO) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I who fought on the Macedonian Front.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
Armin van Buuren OON (born 25 December 1976) is a Dutch DJ, record producer and remixer from South Holland.
The Vlachs in the Republic of Macedonia (Власи, Vlasi), also known as Aromanians (Аромани, Aromani), are an officially recognised minority group numbering some 9,695 people according to the 2002 census.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Avant-garde jazz (also known as avant-jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines avant-garde art music and composition with jazz.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Čair (Чаир, Çair, Çayır) is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Čučer-Sandevo Municipality (Чучер-Сандево is a municipality in northern part of Republic of Macedonia. Čučer-Sandevo is also the name of the village where the municipal seat is found. It is located in the Skopje Statistical Region.
The Šar Mountains (Macedonian and Шар планина, Šar planina) or Sharr Mountains (Malet e Sharrit), form a mountain range in the Balkans that extends from Kosovo and the northwest of the Republic of Macedonia, to northeastern Albania.
Štip (Штип) is the largest urban agglomeration in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia, serving as the economic, industrial, entertainment and educational focal point for the surrounding municipalities.
Šuto Orizari (Шуто Оризари; Romani: Shuto Orizari; Shutkë), often shortened as Šutka (Шутка), is one of the ten municipalities that make up the City of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Želino (Желино, Zhelina) is a municipality in northwestern Republic of Macedonia.
ŽRK Metalurg (WHC Metalurg) (ЖРК Металург) is a Macedonian women's handball club from Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Balkan music is a type of music found in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
The Balkan Wars (Balkan Savaşları, literally "the Balkan Wars" or Balkan Faciası, meaning "the Balkan Tragedy") consisted of two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in 1912 and 1913.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
A bashi-bazouk (başıbozuk,, "one whose head is turned, damaged head, crazy-head", roughly "leaderless" or "disorderly") was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army, raised in times of war.
Basil II (Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025.
The Battle of Maritsa, or Battle of Chernomen (Маричка битка, бој код Черномена, Битката при Марица, битката при Черномен, Çirmen Muharebesi, İkinci Meriç Muharebesi in tr. Second Battle of Maritsa) took place at the Maritsa River near the village of Chernomen (today Ormenio in Greece) on September 26, 1371 between the forces of Ottoman commanders Lala Shahin Pasha and Evrenos and Serbian commanders King Vukašin Mrnjavčević and his brother Despot Jovan Uglješa who also wanted to get revenge after the First Battle of Maritsa.
The Battle of Vienna (Schlacht am Kahlen Berge or Kahlenberg; bitwa pod Wiedniem or odsiecz wiedeńska (The Relief of Vienna); Modern Turkish: İkinci Viyana Kuşatması, Ottoman Turkish: Beç Ḳalʿası Muḥāṣarası) took place at Kahlenberg Mountain near Vienna on 1683 after the imperial city had been besieged by the Ottoman Empire for two months.
A bedestan (variants: bezistan, bezisten, bedesten) is a covered market usually for haberdashery and craftsmanship.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Lëvizja Besa (Besa Movement) is a political party in the Republic of Macedonia.
Bitola (Битола known also by several alternative names) is a city in the southwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Blagoja Georgievski (born 15 October 1950) is a former Yugoslav basketball player who competed for SFR Yugoslavia in the 1972 Summer Olympics and in the 1976 Summer Olympics.
Blagoje Vidinić (Благоја Видиниќ; 11 June 1934. Fifa.com. Retrieved on 2011-06-01. – 29 December 2006) was a Macedonian football coach, former player, and former Olympic participant of Serbian origin.
The Bolshoi Theatre (p) is a historic theatre in Moscow, Russia, originally designed by architect Joseph Bové, which holds ballet and opera performances.
Boril (Борил) was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1207 to 1218.
Boris Trajkovski (Борис Трајковски; 25 June 1956 – 26 February 2004) was the president and Supreme Commander of the Republic of Macedonia from 1999 to 2004, when he died in a plane crash.
The Boris Trajkovski Sports Center (Спортски центар Борис Трајковски, Sportski centar Boris Trajkovski) in Skopje is a multi-functional indoor sports arena.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Bosniaks in the Republic of Macedonia (Бошњаци, Bošnjaci / Бошњаци) number 17,018 people according to the 2002 census.
A boyar was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Bulgarian, Kievan, Moscovian, Wallachian and Moldavian and later, Romanian aristocracies, second only to the ruling princes (in Bulgaria, tsars), from the 10th century to the 17th century.
Bradford is in the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines west of Leeds, and northwest of Wakefield.
The British Council is a British organisation specialising in international cultural and educational opportunities.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Bulgarian Exarchate (Българска екзархия Bǎlgarska ekzarhiya, Bulgar Eksarhlığı) was the official name of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church before its autocephaly was recognized by the Ecumenical See in 1945 and the Bulgarian Patriarchate was restored in 1953.
Bulgarian Millet or Bulgar Millet was an ethno-religious and linguistic community within the Ottoman Empire from the mid-19th to early 20th century.
The Bulgarian People's Army (BNA) (Bulgarian: Българска народна армия) was the military of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB).
Butel Municipality (Бутел; Butel) is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Bylazora or Vilazora was a Paeonian city from the period of early classic antiquity.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The Byzantine Revival (also referred to as Neo-Byzantine) was an architectural revival movement, most frequently seen in religious, institutional and public buildings.
Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.
Candy Dulfer (born 19 September 1969) is a Dutch smooth jazz, funk alto saxophonist and occasional singer who began playing at the age of six.
A caravanserai was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners) could rest and recover from the day's journey.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carrefour S.A. is a French multinational retailer headquartered in Boulogne Billancourt, France, in the Hauts-de-Seine Department near Paris.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Centar (Центар) is the central municipality of the ten municipalities that compose the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
The Chalcolithic (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), p. 301: "Chalcolithic /,kælkəl'lɪθɪk/ adjective Archaeology of, relating to, or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennium BCE, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character. Also called Eneolithic... Also called Copper Age - Origin early 20th cent.: from Greek khalkos 'copper' + lithos 'stone' + -ic". χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone") period or Copper Age, in particular for eastern Europe often named Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of copper"), was a period in the development of human technology, before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed the harder bronze, leading to the Bronze Age.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Christo Vladimirov Javacheff and Jeanne-Claude are a married couple who created environmental works of art.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
The Church of Saint Clement of Ohrid (Соборна црква - Свети Климент Охридски) often called simply Soborna Crkva (Соборна црква), located in Skopje, Macedonia is the largest cathedral of the Macedonian Orthodox Church today.
The Church of St.
The Church of the Ascension of Jesus (Црква „Св.) is a Macedonian Orthodox Church in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
The coat of arms of the City of Skopje (Грб на Скопје) has the form of a shield, whose upper side is semi arch turned inwards, the left and the right upper corner of the shield is made by two italic lines, whereas the bottom sides represent outward round arches that end with a peak in the middle of the bottom span.
A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
The Contemporary Art Museum of Macedonia (Macedonian: Музеј на современата уметност) is one of the largest and most complete national institution of the Republic of Macedonia.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
The Dardani (Δαρδάνιοι, Δάρδανοι; Dardani), or Dardanians (Δαρδανίωνες) were a tribe which occupied the region that took its name from them of Dardania, at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone; their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe is uncertain.
Dardania (Δαρδανία; Dardania) was a Roman province in the Central Balkans, initially an unofficial region in Moesia (87–284), then a province administratively part of the Diocese of Moesia (293–337).
Darko Pančev (Дарко Панчев,, born 7 September 1965) is a retired Yugoslav and Macedonian footballer, who played as a forward, and who was the winner of the European Golden Boot award in 1991.
Dave Burgess (born December 13, 1934 in Beverly Hills, CA) was an American guitar player, singer, and band leader of The Champs.
The Democratic Union for Integration (Bashkimi Demokratik për Integrim, BDI; Демократска унија за интеграција, ДУИ — Demokratska unija za integracija, DUI) is the largest Albanian political party in the Republic of Macedonia, and the third largest political party in all of Macedonia.
The Despotate of Epirus (Δεσποτάτο της Ηπείρου) was one of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire established in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 by a branch of the Angelos dynasty.
District heating (also known as heat networks or teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating.
Dnevnik (Дневник) was the first private daily newspaper in Macedonia.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Interior view upward to the Byzantine domes and semi-domes of Hagia Sophia. See Commons file for annotations. A dome (from Latin: domus) is an architectural element that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
Domitian (Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus; 24 October 51 – 18 September 96 AD) was Roman emperor from 81 to 96.
A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks.
Dračevo (Драчево) is a suburb in the municipality of Kisela Voda, Republic of Macedonia.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Empire of Nicaea or the Nicene Empire was the largest of the three Byzantine GreekA Short history of Greece from early times to 1964 by W. A. Heurtley, H. C. Darby, C. W. Crawley, C. M. Woodhouse (1967), page 55: "There in the prosperous city of Nicaea, Theodoros Laskaris, the son in law of a former Byzantine Emperor, establish a court that soon become the Small but reviving Greek empire." rump states founded by the aristocracy of the Byzantine Empire that fled after Constantinople was occupied by Western European and Venetian forces during the Fourth Crusade.
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (ca.1640–1689) was an Italian nobleman coming from a well known family from Siena in Italy, who served in the Habsburg army.
Esma Redžepova-Teodosievska (Есма Реџепова-Теодосиевска; 8 August 1943 – 11 December 2016) was a Macedonian vocalist, songwriter, and humanitarian of Romani ethnicity.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
European route E 75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe.
The European University-Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Европски универзитет-Република Македонија, Evropski univerzitet-Republika Makedonija) is a university in Skopje, Macedonia.
Experimental theatre (also known as avant-garde theatre) began in Western theatre in the late 19th century with Alfred Jarry and his Ubu plays as a rejection of both the age in particular and, in general, the dominant ways of writing and producing plays.
Joseph Fernand Henri Léger (February 4, 1881 – August 17, 1955) was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker.
Filip II or Philip II (full name: Special Hospital for Surgical Diseases "Filip II"/"Philip II") (Macedonian: Специјална болница по хируршки болести "Филип II"; Specijalna bolnica po hirurški bolesti "Filip II") is a special hospital for surgical diseases in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
The fire of Skopje started on 26 October 1689 and lasted for two days, burning much of the city; only some stone-built structures, such as the fortress and some churches and mosques, were relatively undamaged.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война; Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire.
The First Bulgarian Empire (Old Bulgarian: ц︢рьство бл︢гарское, ts'rstvo bl'garskoe) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed in southeastern Europe between the 7th and 11th centuries AD.
FK Gorno Lisiče (ФК Горно Лисиче) is a football club from Gorno Lisiče in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Lokomotiva Skopje (ФК Локомотива Скопје) is a football club based in the city of Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Madžari Solidarnost (ФК Маџари Солидарност) is a football club from Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Makedonija Gjorče Petrov (ФК Македонија Ѓорче Петров) is a football club based in the municipality of Gjorče Petrov, in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Metalurg (ФК Металург) is a football club from Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Rabotnichki (ФК Работнички) or more commonly Rabotnički (old transliteration) and Rabotnicki is a football club that plays at the Philip II Arena in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
FK Skopje (ФК Скопје) is a football club from Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Fudbalski Klub Vardar (ФК Вардар), also known as FK Vardar or simply Vardar, is a football club based in the capital city of Skopje, in Macedonia.
The flag of Skopje (in Знаме на Скопје) is a red vertical banner in proportions 1:2 with the coat of arms of the city in golden-yellow placed in its left upper quarter.
The Flavian dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian (69–79), and his two sons Titus (79–81) and Domitian (81–96).
The FON University (Macedonian: ФОН Универзитет) is the second (after South East European University) private university established in the Republic of Macedonia, after the liberalization of the High education law's in 2002.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
Gazi Baba (Гази Баба, Komuna e Gazi Babës) is one of the ten municipalities that create the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
Georgi Konstantinovski (born 29 July 1930 in Kraguevac, Serbia) is a Macedonian architect, writer and educator.
Georgi Voyteh (Георги Войтех) was an 11th-century Bulgarian aristocrat from Skopje who started a major uprising against the Byzantine rule.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gevgelija (Гевгелија) is a town with a population of 15,685 located in the very southeast of the Republic of Macedonia along the banks of the Vardar River, situated at the country's main border with Greece (Bogorodica-Evzoni), the point which links the motorway from Skopje and three other former Yugoslav capitals (Belgrade, Zagreb and Ljubljana) with Thessaloniki.
Gjorče Petrov (Ѓорче Петров) is one of the ten municipalities that compose the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Goethe-Institut (GI, "Goethe Institute") is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with 159 institutes, promoting the study of the German language abroad and encouraging international cultural exchange and relations.
Gorno Nerezi (Nerez i Epërm) is a village in the municipality of Karpoš, Republic of Macedonia.
Gostivar (Гостивар; Gostivar/Gostivari; Gostivar), is a city in the Republic of Macedonia, located in the upper Polog valley region.
Gotan Project is a musical group based in Paris (France), consisting of musicians Eduardo Makaroff (Argentine), Philippe Cohen Solal (French) and Christoph H. Müller (Swiss), a former member of Touch El Arab.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija), also known as Raška (Serbian Cyrillic: Рашка, Rascia) was a Serb medieval state that comprised parts of what is today Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and southern Dalmatia, being centred in the region of Raška (hence its exonym).
The Great Turkish War (Der Große Türkenkrieg) or the War of the Holy League (Kutsal İttifak Savaşları) was a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League consisting of the Habsburg Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Venice and Russia.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gustav Weigand (1 February 1860 – 8 July 1930), was a German linguist and specialist in Balkan languages, especially Romanian and Aromanian.
A hajduk is a type of peasant irregular infantry found in Central and Southeast Europe from the early 17th to mid 19th centuries.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hans Hartung (21 September 1904 – 7 December 1989) was a German-French painter, known for his gestural abstract style.
WHC Vardar (ЖРК Вардар) is a Macedonian women's handball club from Skopje.
Historicism or also historism (Historismus) comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historic styles or imitating the work of historic artisans.
The history of Skopje, Macedonia, goes back to at least 4000 BC; remains of Neolithic settlements have been found within the old Kale Fortress that overlooks the modern city centre.
The Holocaust Memorial Center for the Jews of Macedonia (Macedonian: Меморијален центар на холокаустот на Евреите од Македонија, Memorijalen centar na holokaustot na Evreite od Makedonija; Ladino: Sentro Memorial del Holokausto de los Djudios de la Makedonia) is a memorial to the holocaust of the 7,148 Jews from Macedonia and the history of the Jews in the Balkans, located in Skopje, the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia.
An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
Ilinden (Илинден) is a municipality in northern Macedonia.
The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising or simply the Ilinden Uprising of August 1903 (Илинденско-Преображенско въстание, Ilindensko-Preobražensko vǎstanie; Илинденско востание, Ilindensko vostanie; Εξέγερση του Ίλιντεν, Eksegersi tou Ilinden), was an organized revolt against the Ottoman Empire, which was prepared and carried out by the Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization.
Imperial Brands plc, formerly Imperial Tobacco Group plc, is a British multinational tobacco company headquartered in Bristol, United Kingdom.
The Inquisition was a group of institutions within the government system of the Catholic Church whose aim was to combat public heresy committed by baptized Christians.
The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO; Вътрешна Македонска Революционна Организация (ВМРО), Vatreshna Makedonska Revolyutsionna Organizatsiya (VMRO); Внатрешна Македонска Револуционерна Организација, Vnatrešna Makedonska Revolucionerna Organizacija) was a revolutionary national liberation movement in the Ottoman territories in Europe, that operated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Skopje Airport (Аеродром Скопје, Aerodrom Skopje) or Skopje International Airport (Меѓународен аеродром Скопје, Megjunaroden aerodrom Skopje), previously known as Petrovec Airport (Аеродром Петровец, Aerodrom Petrovec) and Skopje "Alexander the Great" Airport (Аеродром „Александар Велики“ Скопје, Aerodrom "Aleksandar Veliki" Skopje), is the larger and busier of the two international airports in the Republic of Macedonia, with the other being the St. Paul the Apostle Airport in Ohrid.
The International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA) is a not-for-profit association for producers, suppliers and managers of festivals and events, which range from small county and municipal events to large-scale parades that can have attendances in the hundreds of thousands.
Irina Konstantinovna Arkhipova (Ири́на Константи́новна Архи́пова) (2 January 192511 February 2010) was a Russian mezzo-soprano, and later contralto, opera singer.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
An ironworks or iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted and where heavy iron and steel products are made.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italian Renaissance painting is the painting of the period beginning in the late 13th century and flourishing from the early 15th to late 16th centuries, occurring in the Italian peninsula, which was at that time divided into many political areas.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ivan Asen II, also known as John Asen II or John Asan II (Иван Асен II,; 1190s – June 1241) was emperor (or tsar) of Bulgaria from 1218 to 1241.
Jakupica (Јакупица) or Mokra is a mountain range in the central part of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Janissaries (يڭيچرى, meaning "new soldier") were elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops, bodyguards and the first modern standing army in Europe.
Janko Konstantinov, (Јанко Константинов; 18 January 1926 in Bitola, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes – 2010) is a Macedonian architect and artist.
Jegunovce (Јегуновце) is a municipality in northwestern Republic of Macedonia.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
João Bosco de Freitas Mucci, better known as João Bosco is a noted Brazilian singer-songwriter with a distinctive style as a guitarist.
John Skylitzes, Latinized as Ioannes Scylitzes (Ἰωάννης Σκυλίτζης, also Σκυλλίτζης/Σκυλίτσης, Iōannēs Skylitzēs/Skyllitzēs/Skylitsēs; early 1040s – after 1101), was a Greek historian of the late 11th century.
Johnson Controls International plc is a multinational conglomerate headquartered in Cork, Ireland, that produces automotive parts such as batteries, and electronics and HVAC equipment for buildings.
Johnson Matthey is a British multinational speciality chemicals and sustainable technologies company headquartered in the United Kingdom.
Justinian I (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus; Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós; 482 14 November 565), traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was the Eastern Roman emperor from 527 to 565.
Kafana (in Bosnian, Montenegrin and Serbian), kafeana (кафеана, in Macedonian), kavana (in Croatian) are terms used in most former Yugoslav countries for a distinct type of local bistro which primarily serves alcoholic beverages and coffee, and often also light snacks ("Meze") and other food.
Kaloyan, also known as Kalojan, Johannitsa or Ioannitsa (Калоян; 1170 – October 1207) was emperor (or tsar) of Bulgaria from 1196 to 1207.
Kanal 5 (Канал 5) is a national, privately owned, television channel in the Republic of Macedonia.
Karpoš Municipality (Карпош) is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Karposh’s rebellion or Karposh’s uprising was a Christian anti-Ottoman uprising in the Central Balkans that took place in October 1689.
Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture.
Kičevo (Кичево; Kërçovë/Kërçova) is a city in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, located in a valley in the south-eastern slopes of Mount Bistra, between the cities of Ohrid and Gostivar.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), often rendered as Servia in English sources during the time of its existence, was created when Milan I, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was proclaimed king in 1882.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), or Serbian Kingdom (Српско краљевство / Srpsko kraljevstvo), was a medieval Serbian state that existed from 1217 to 1346, ruled by the Nemanjić dynasty.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
Kisela Voda (Кисела Вода, meaning "mineral water") is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
KK MZT Skopje Aerodrom (КК МЗТ Скопје Аеродром) is a basketball club based in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
KK Rabotnički (КК Работнички) is a basketball club based in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Komercijalna banka Skopje (Macedonian Cyrillic: Комерцијална банка Скопје) was established in 1955 as Komunalna Banka (Комунална Банка) of the city of Skopje and was specialized for approving housing loans and financing construction operations.
Konstantin Tih (Константин Тих Асен; 1257–77) or Constantine I (Константин I), was the emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1257 to 1277.
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
The Vilayet of Kosovo (ولايت قوصوه, Vilâyet-i Kosova; Kosova Vilayeti; Vilajeti i Kosovës; Macedonian: Косовски вилает, Kosovski vilaet; Serbian: Косовски вилајет, Kosovski vilajet) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkan Peninsula which included the current territory of Kosovo and the western part of the Republic of Macedonia.
Kumanovo (Куманово; also known by other alternative names) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia and is the seat of Kumanovo Municipality, the largest municipality in the country.
Larry Coryell (born Lorenz Albert Van DeLinder III; April 2, 1943 – February 19, 2017) was an American jazz guitarist known as the "Godfather of Fusion".
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Legio septima Claudia (Claudius' Seventh Legion) was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
The Lepenac (Lepenci; Лепенец; Лепенац, Lepenac) is a river in southern Kosovo and northern Macedonia, a long left tributary to the Vardar river.
Lipkovo (Липково, Komuna e Likovës) is a municipality in northern Republic of Macedonia.
The monarchs of Bulgaria ruled the country during three periods of its history as an independent country: from the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 to the Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria in 1018; from the Uprising of Asen and Peter that established the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1185 to the annexation of the rump Bulgarian principality into the Ottoman Empire in 1422; and from the re-establishment of an independent Bulgaria in 1878 to the abolition of monarchy in a manipulated referendum held on 15 September 1946.
This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
This is a list of cities and towns in the Republic of Macedonia.
This is a List of honorary citizens of Skopje Macedonia.
The following is a list of the most populous municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia.
Below is a list of notable people from Skopje, Macedonia or its surroundings.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
Ljubiša Samardžić (Љубиша Самарџић; 19 November 1936 – 8 September 2017), nicknamed Smoki, was a Serbian actor and director, best known as Šurda in the Vruć vetar TV series, and Inspector Boško Simić in the comedy crime series Policajac sa Petlovog brda (The Policeman from Petlovo Brdo) and film of the same name.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Lordship of Prilep, also known as the Lordship of King Marko (Област краља Марка), was one of the provinces of the Serbian Empire, centered around the city of Prilep and covering (mainly) the region of Pelagonia and surrounding areas in western parts of the present-day Republic of Macedonia.
Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
The Roman province of Macedonia (Provincia Macedoniae, Ἐπαρχία Μακεδονίας) was officially established in 146 BC, after the Roman general Quintus Caecilius Metellus defeated Andriscus of Macedon, the last self-styled King of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia in 148 BC, and after the four client republics (the "tetrarchy") established by Rome in the region were dissolved.
The Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Македонска Академија на Науките и Уметностите, МАНУ) is the most eminent academic institution in the Republic of Macedonia.
Macedonian cuisine (Македонска кујна, Makedonska kujna), an aspect of Balkan cuisine, is the traditional cuisine of the Macedonia.
The Macedonian Front, also known as the Salonica Front (after Thessaloniki), was a military theatre of World War I formed as a result of an attempt by the Allied Powers to aid Serbia, in the fall of 1915, against the combined attack of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
The Macedonian Greek Catholic Church is a Byzantine Rite sui juris Eastern Catholic Church in full union with the Roman Catholic Church which uses the Macedonian language in the liturgy.
Macedonian Information Agency (MIA) (Македонска информативна агенција МИА, Makedonska Informativna Agencija) is a public information service from the Republic of Macedonia.
Macedonian (македонски, tr. makedonski) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
The Macedonian Orthodox Church – Ohrid Archbishopric (MOC-OA; Македонска православна црква – Охридска архиепископија (МПЦ-ОА), tr. Makedonska pravoslavna crkva – Ohridska arhiepiskopija (MPC-OA)), or simply the Macedonian Orthodox Church (MOC; Македонска православна црква (МПЦ), tr. Makedonska pravoslavna crkva (MPC)), is the largest body of Christians in the Republic of Macedonia who are united under the Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia.
Macedonian Radio Television (Македонска радио телевизија, transliteration: Makedonska radio televizija) (or MRT) is the public broadcasting organization of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Macedonian Stock Exchange (Macedonian: Македонска берза, Makedonska berza) is the principal stock exchange in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Macedonians (Македонци; transliterated: Makedonci), also known as Macedonian Slavs or Slavic Macedonians, are a South Slavic ethnic group native to the region of Macedonia.
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
Makedonski Telekom AD (Macedonian Telecom, Македонски Телеком АД) is a telecommunications company in the Republic of Macedonia with headquarters in Skopje.
Makfax is an independent news agency in the Republic of Macedonia.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Manisa is a large city in Turkey's Aegean Region and the administrative seat of Manisa Province.
Marcus Licinius Crassus (c. 115 – 6 May 53 BC) was a Roman general and politician who played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
Marl or marlstone is a calcium carbonate or lime-rich mud or mudstone which contains variable amounts of clays and silt.
Matka (Матка, meaning "womb") is a canyon located west of central Skopje, Macedonia.
The Mayor of Skopje (Градоначалник на Скопје) is the city mayor who is representing Macedonia's capital city Greater Skopje and all of its municipalities.
The Mother Teresa Memorial House (Спомен-куќа на Мајка Тереза) is dedicated to the humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mother Teresa and is located in her hometown Skopje, in Macedonia, where she lived from 1910 to 1928.
Michael II Asen (Михаил II Асен; 1239 – December 1256/January 1257) was emperor (or tsar) of Bulgaria from 1246 to 1256 or 1257.
Michel Dalberto (born 2 June 1955) is a French concert pianist.
Michael Kevin Taylor (born 17 January 1949) is an English musician, best known as a former member of John Mayall's Bluesbreakers (1966–69) and the Rolling Stones (1969–74).
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
The Migration Period was a period during the decline of the Roman Empire around the 4th to 6th centuries AD in which there were widespread migrations of peoples within or into Europe, mostly into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns.
Milan Zloković (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Злоковић) (Trieste, 6 April 1898 - Belgrade, 29 May 1965) was a Serbian architect.
Milcho Manchevski (Милчо Манчевски, born October 18, 1959).
Minaret (مناره, minarə, minare), from منارة, "lighthouse", also known as Goldaste (گلدسته), is a distinctive architectural structure akin to a tower and typically found adjacent to mosques.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
Moesia (Latin: Moesia; Μοισία, Moisía) was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans south of the Danube River.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Mother Teresa, known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu,; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
MRT Center is a modern-era high rise building located in Skopje, Macedonia.
The municipalities are the first-order administrative divisions of the Republic of Macedonia.
Museum of Macedonia (translit) is a national institution in the Republic of Macedonia and one of the oldest museums in the country.
Museum of the City of Skopje (Музеј на град Скопје) is a cultural institution located in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
The Museum of the Macedonian Struggle for Sovereignty and Independence - Museum of VMRO - Museum of the Victims of the Communist Regime (Музеј на македонската борба за државност и самостојност - Музеј на ВМРО - Музеј на жртвите од комунистичкиот режим) is a national museum of the Republic of Macedonia located in the capital city of Skopje.
Music of Serbia has a variety of traditional music, which is part of the wider Balkan tradition, with its own distinctive sound and characteristics.
The music of the Republic of Macedonia and of the Macedonians has much in common with the music of neighbouring Balkan countries, yet maintains a distinctive sound.
Mustafa Pasha Mosque (Мустафа-пашина џамија;; Mustafa Paşa Camii) is an Ottoman-era mosque located in the Old Bazaar of Skopje, Macedonia.
Nanchang is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China.
National and University Library "St.
The National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia (translit, NBRM) is the central bank of Macedonia, located in the capital city, Skopje.
The National Gallery of Macedonia (Macedonian: Национална галерија на Македонија) is a national art museum of the Republic of Macedonia, located in the capital city of Skopje.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The Nemanjić (Немањић, Nemanjići / Немањићи) was the most important dynasty of Serbia in the Middle Ages.
The Neogene (informally Upper Tertiary or Late Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 20.45 million years from the end of the Paleogene Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the present Quaternary Period Mya.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Niš (Ниш) is the third-largest city in Serbia and the administrative center of the Nišava District.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Nova Makedonija (Нова Македонија, "New Macedonia") is the oldest daily newspaper in the Republic of Macedonia.
Ohrid (Охрид) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia and the seat of Ohrid Municipality.
The Old Bazaar (Stara čaršija;; from the Çarşı meaning marketplace) is a bazaar located in Skopje, situated on the eastern bank of the Vardar River, stretching from the Stone Bridge to the Bit-Pazar and from the Skopje Fortress to the Serava river.
Open Society Foundations (OSF), formerly the Open Society Institute, is an international grantmaking network founded by business magnate George Soros.
Osogovo (Bulgarian and Macedonian Cyrillic) or Osogovska Planina (Осоговска планина or Осоговски Планини) is a mountain and ski resort between southwestern Bulgaria (Kyustendil Province) and northeastern Republic of Macedonia, (Kočani and Kriva Palanka municipalities).
Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso (OBC) is a think tank and online media based in Rovereto, Italy, and specialised on South East Europe.
Ottoman architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire which emerged in Bursa and Edirne in 14th and 15th centuries.
Ottoman cuisine is the cuisine of the Ottoman Empire and its continuation in the cuisines of Turkey, Greece, the Balkans, and parts of the Caucasus and the Middle East.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Ottoman–Habsburg wars were fought from the 16th through the 18th centuries between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg (later Austrian) Empire, which was at times supported by the Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Habsburg Spain.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
In antiquity, Paeonia or Paionia (Παιονία) was the land and kingdom of the Paeonians (Παίονες).
The Corridor VIII is one of the Pan-European corridors.
The Corridor X is one of the pan-European corridors.
The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years.
The People's Liberation Army of Macedonia (Народноослободителна Војска на Македонија, transliterated: Narodnoosloboditelna Vojska na Makedonija, NOV), often referred to as the Macedonian People's Liberation Army and the National Liberation Army of Macedonia, was a Communist resistance army formed in present-day Republic of Macedonia during the People's Liberation War of Macedonia in the Second World War.
Pero Antić (Перо Антиќ; born July 29, 1982) is a Macedonian professional basketball player for Crvena zvezda of the ABA League and EuroLeague.
Petar II Delyan (reigned 1040 – 1041) (Петър II Делян) was the leader of an uprising against Byzantine rule in the Theme of Bulgaria during the summer of 1040.
The Municipality of Petrovec (Општина Петровец, Opština Petrovec; Komuna e Ibrahimovës) is a municipality in northern Republic of Macedonia, near the capital Skopje.
Petrovec (Петровец) is a village in the municipality of Petrovec, Republic of Macedonia and situated about 15 km southeast of the national capital Skopje.
Phil Guy (April 28, 1940 – August 20, 2008) was an American blues guitarist.
Philip II National Arena (Macedonian: Филип Втори Арена, Philip II Arena), formerly also known as the Telekom Arena (Телеком арена) for sponsorship reasons, is a multi-purpose stadium in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Pierre Soulages (born 24 December 1919) is a French painter, engraver, and sculptor.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.
Podgorica (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Подгорица,, lit. " below Gorica ") is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.
Politics in the Republic of Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
The Polog Statistical Region (Полошки регион, Rajoni Pollog) is one of eight statistical regions of the Republic of Macedonia.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
Porta Macedonia (Macedonian: Порта Македонија) is a triumphal arch located on Pella Square in Skopje, Macedonia.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Pristina (Prishtina or Prishtinë) or Priština (Приштина), is the capital and largest city of Kosovo.
Prizren (Prizreni; Призрен) is a city and municipality located in the Prizren District of Kosovo.
Prokletije (Проклетије,; Bjeshkët e Nemuna; both translated as "cursed mountains"), also known as the Albanian Alps (Alpet Shqiptare) and the Accursed Mountains, is a mountain range on the western Balkan peninsula, extending from northern Albania to Kosovo and eastern Montenegro.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pula or Pola (Italian and Istro-Romanian: Pola; Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola Pollentia Herculanea; Slovene and Chakavian: Pulj, Hungarian: Póla, Polei, Ancient Greek: Πόλαι, Polae) is the largest city in Istria County, Croatia and the eighth largest city in the country, situated at the southern tip of the Istria peninsula, with a population of 57,460 in 2011.
Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS).
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.
Real Madrid Club de Fútbol ("Royal Madrid Football Club"), commonly known as Real Madrid, or simply as Real, is a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian, German and Latin; Raguse in French) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia) that carried that name from 1358 until 1808.
The Ristiḱ Palace (Serbian Cyrillic: Ристићева палата; Macedonian: Ристиќева палата, Ristikjeva palata) is a monumental symbolic building at Macedonia Square (with the 'СКОПСКО' sign on top meaning 'Skopsko', a popular local beer brand) in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
RK Metalurg Skopje (HC Metalurg Skopje) (РК Металург Скопје) is a handball club from Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
RK Vardar (HC Vardar) (РК Вардар) is a handball club from Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Robert Guiscard (– 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer remembered for the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Skopje (Lat:Dioecesis Scopiensis), is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Macedonia.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romani (also Romany; romani čhib) is any of several languages of the Romani people belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
According to the last census from 2002, there were 53 879 people counted as Romani in the Republic of Macedonia, or 2.66% of the population.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Roubaix is a city in Northern France, located in the Lille metropolitan area.
Rumelia (روم ايلى, Rūm-ėli; Rumeli), also known as Turkey in Europe, was a historical term describing the area in southeastern Europe that was administered by the Ottoman Empire, mainly the Balkan Peninsula.
Rural flight (or rural exodus) is the migratory pattern of peoples from rural areas into urban areas.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel (also Samuil, representing Bulgarian Самуил, pronounced, Old Church Slavonic) was the Tsar (Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
The Sanjak of Novi Pazar (Novopazarski sandžak; Новопазарски санџак; Yeni Pazar sancağı) was an Ottoman sanjak (second-level administrative unit) that was created in 1865.
Saraj (Сарај, Saraj) is one of the ten municipalities that make up the city of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Scupi is an archaeological site located between Zajčev Rid (Зајчев Рид 'Rabbit Hill') and the Vardar River, several kilometers from the center of Skopje, in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Second Bulgarian Empire (Второ българско царство, Vtorо Bălgarskо Tsarstvo) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed between 1185 and 1396.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
The Serbian Empire (Српско царство/Srpsko carstvo) is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingdom.
The Serbo-Byzantine architectural style or Vardar architectural school (or "style"), is an ecclesiastical architectural style that flourished in the Serbian Late Middle Ages (ca. 1300–1389), during the reign of the Nemanjić dynasty.
The Serbs (Срби / Srbi) are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans.
Serbs (Србите во Македонија, Срби у Македонији / Srbi u Makedoniji) are one of the constitutional peoples of the Republic of Macedonia.
Simon Trpcheski (Simon Trpčeski), OMM (Симон Трпчески) (born September 18, 1979, in Skopje, Macedonia), is a Macedonian classical pianist.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sitel Television (Macedonian: Сител Телевизија, Sitel Televizija) is the second private television channel in Macedonia.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Skopje 2014 (Скопје 2014) is a project financed by the Government of the Republic of Macedonia, with the main ideology being based on that of the then-ruling party VMRO-DPMNE, with the purpose of giving the capital Skopje a more classical appeal by the year 2014.
The Skopje Aqueduct (Скопски аквадукт) is an aqueduct and archaeological site located in the village of Vizbegovo northwest of central Skopje, Macedonia.
The Skopje Film Festival (Скопје Филм Фестивал) is a film festival held in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
The Skopje Fortress (Скопско Кале, transliterated Skopsko Kale), commonly referred to as Kale (from kale, the Turkish word for 'fortress'), is a historic fortress located in the old town of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Skopje Jazz Festival is a jazz festival held in Skopje since 1982.
The Skopje Statistical Region (Скопски регион) is one of eight statistical regions of the Republic of Macedonia.
The Skopje Zoo (Macedonian: Зоолошка градина Скопје) is a zoo in Gradski Park, Skopje, Macedonia.
Skopska Crna Gora (Macedonian and Скопска Црна Гора,, Mali i Zi i Shkupit; meaning "Black Mountain of Skopje"), often called and only as Crna Gora (Macedonian and Serbian Cyrillic: Црна Гора, Albanian: Mali i Zi; meaning "Black Mountain"), also historically known as Karadağ (Turkish for "Black Mountain", Macedonian and Карадаг, Karadag, Albanian: Malet e Karadakut), is a mountain range largely in the Republic of Macedonia, with smaller part in Kosovo.
Slavko Brezoski (10 June 1922 – 7 March 2017) was a Macedonian architect known for his works in the genre of modern architecture.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Smooth jazz is music that evolved from a blend of jazz fusion and easy listening pop music, featuring a polished pop feel with little to no jazz improvisation.
The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (Социјалдемократски сојуз на Македонија–СДСМ, SDSM) is a social-democratic and the main centre-left political party in Macedonia.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija) was one of the six constituent countries of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and a socialist nation state of the Macedonians.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
Sopište (Сопиште, Komuna e Sopishtit) is a municipality in northern Republic of Macedonia.
The Southwestern Statistical Region (Југозападен регион) is one of eight statistical regions of the Republic of Macedonia.
A special economic zone (SEZ) is an area in which business and trade laws are different from the rest of the country.
As the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, Skopje is home to several sports teams and venues.
Square kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures) or square kilometer (American spelling), symbol km2, is a multiple of the square metre, the SI unit of area or surface area.
Srgjan Kerim (Срѓан Керим, Sercan Kerim) was born December 12, 1948 in Skopje, Macedonia.
The Saints Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje (Универзитет „Св.) is the largest university in the Republic of Macedonia.
Starogradska muzika (Bulgarian/Macedonian/Serbian Latin: Староградска музика, Starogradska glazba, literally old city music) is an urban traditional folk music of Bulgaria, Bosnia Hercegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Serbia.
The Republic of Macedonia is divided into eight statistical regions.
Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (Стефан Урош IV Душан), known as Dušan the Mighty (Душан Силни/Dušan Silni; 1308 – 20 December 1355), was the King of Serbia from 8 September 1331 and Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks from 16 April 1346 until his death.
Stefan Uroš II Milutin (Стефан Урош II Милутин; 1253 – 29 October 1321), known as Stefan Milutin (Стефан Милутин), was the King of Serbia between 1282–1321, a member of the Nemanjić dynasty.
Stefan Nemanja (Serbian Cyrillic: Стефан Немања,; 1113 – 13 February 1199) was the Grand Prince (Veliki Župan) of the Serbian Grand Principality (also known as Rascia) from 1166 to 1196.
Stefan Nemanjić (Serbian Cyrillic: Стефан Немањић) or Stefan the First-Crowned (Стефан Првовенчани / Stefan Prvovenčani,; around 1165 – 24 September 1228) was Grand Prince of Serbia from 1196, and the King of Serbia from 1217 until his death in 1228.
Stephen of Byzantium, also known as Stephanus Byzantinus (Greek: Στέφανος Βυζάντιος; fl. 6th century AD), was the author of an important geographical dictionary entitled Ethnica (Ἐθνικά).
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stojna Vangelovska (born 5 February 1964 in Skopje, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Yugoslav and Macedonian former female professional basketball player.
The Stone Bridge (Камен мост, Taşköprü) is a bridge across the Vardar River in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Stopanska banka (full legal name: Stopanska banka AD Skopje; Стопанска банка АД Скопје) is a bank founded in 1944 with headquarters in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Strez (Стрез; original spelling: СТРѢЗЪ) (fl. 1207–1214) was a Bulgarian sebastokrator and a member of the Asen dynasty.
Studeničani Municipality (Студеничани, Studeniçani) is a municipality in central Republic of Macedonia.
Suez (السويس; Egyptian Arabic) is a seaport city (population ca. 497,000) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate.
The Suli An (Сули ан) is a han in the Old Bazaar of Skopje, Macedonia.
The Sultan Murad Mosque (Султан-муратовата џамија; Sultan Murat Camii; Xhamia e Sulltan Muratit) is an Ottoman-era mosque in Skopje, Macedonia.
A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Tabanovce (Табановце) is a village located in the north of the Republic of Macedonia, at the border with Serbia, situated 8 km from the nearest town, Kumanovo.
Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.
The Tanzimât (lit) was a period of reform in the Ottoman Empire that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876.
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
TAV Airports Holding (Tepe Akfen Vie) (TAV Havalimanları Holding A.Ş.) was established as a joint venture between Tepe and Akfen groups and Airport Consulting Vienna in 1997.
Türbe is the Turkish word for "tomb", and for the characteristic mausoleums, often relatively small, of Ottoman royalty and notables.
Tempe (Oidbaḍ in Pima), also known as Hayden's Ferry during the territorial times of Arizona, is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2017 population of 185,038.
Tetovo (Тетово,; Tetovë/Tetova; Kalkandelen) is a city in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia, built on the foothills of Šar Mountain and divided by the Pena River.
The Shapeshifters are an English house duo composed of Max Reich and Simon Marlin.
The Temptations are an American vocal group who released a series of successful singles and albums with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
The Thracians (Θρᾷκες Thrāikes; Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
Ernesto Antonio "Tito" Puente (April 20, 1923 – May 31, 2000) was an American musician, songwriter and record producer.
Topaana (Топаана) is situated in Skopje in the Republic of Macedonia.
Treblinka was an extermination camp, built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Treska (Треска) is a river in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, a right tributary to Vardar.
The Triballi (Τριβαλλοί, Triballoí) were an ancient tribe whose dominion was around the plains of modern southern SerbiaGeorge Grote: History of Greece: I. Legendary Greece.
The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") refers to the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
Tumba (Тумба Маџари) is a Neolithic settlement located in the north-eastern part of Skopje, Macedonia and it is the most significant Neolithic settlement in Skopje valley.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
A Turkish bath (hamam, translit) is a type of public bathing associated with the culture of the Ottoman Empire and more widely the Islamic world.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
Turks in the Republic of Macedonia, also known as Macedonian Turks, (Македонски Турци, Makedonya Türkleri) are the ethnic Turks who constitute the third largest ethnic group in the Republic of Macedonia.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The Uprising of Ivaylo (Въстанието на Ивайло) was a rebellion of the Bulgarian peasantry against the incompetent rule of Emperor Constantine Tikh and the Bulgarian nobility.
In France, an urban unit (fr: "unité urbaine") is a statistical area defined by INSEE, the French national statistics office, for the measurement of contiguously built-up areas.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Van Hool NV is a Belgian family-owned coachbuilder and manufacturer of buses, coaches, trolleybuses, and trailers.
The Vardar (Вардар) or Axios is the longest and major river in the Republic of Macedonia and also a major river of Greece.
The Vardar Banovina or Vardar Banate or Banate of Vardar (Вардарската бановина; Вардарска бановина, Vardarska banovina) was a province (banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941.
Vardar Macedonia (Macedonian and Вардарска Македонија, Vardarska Makedonija) was the name given to the territory of Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia roughly corresponding to today's Republic of Macedonia.
Večer (Вечер) is a daily newspaper in the Republic of Macedonia.
Veles (Велес) is a city in the central part of the Republic of Macedonia on the Vardar river.
Veliko Tarnovo (Велико Търново, "Great Tarnovo") is a city in north central Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Victor Vasarely (born Győző Vásárhelyi,; –), was a Hungarian-French artist, who is widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leaderThe New York Times obituary https://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/18/arts/victor-vasarely-op-art-patriarch-dies-at-90.html of the op art movement.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Viktor Viktorovich Tretiakov (Ви́ктор Ви́кторович Третьяко́в; born 17 October 1946) is a Russian violinist and conductor.
The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (Внатрешна македонска револуционерна организација – Демократска партија за македонско национално единство), simplified as VMRO-DPMNE, is one of the two major parties in the Republic of Macedonia, the other being the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM).
Vodno (Водно) is a mountain in Macedonia.
Vreme (Serbian for Time) is a weekly news magazine based in Belgrade, Serbia.
Vuk Branković (Вук Бранковић,, 1345 – October 6, 1397) was a Serbian medieval nobleman who, during the Fall of the Serbian Empire, inherited a province that extended over present-day southern and southwestern Serbia, the northern part of present day Macedonia, and northern Montenegro.
Vukan (Вукан, Βολκάνος; 1050 – 1115) was the Grand Prince of Serbia (Rascia) from 1083 until his death in 1112.
Waremme (Borgworm) is a Walloon municipality located in the province of Liège, in Belgium.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The water table is the upper surface of the zone of saturation.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, born Ahmet Âgâh (December 2, 1884 – November 1, 1958), was a leading Turkish poet and author, as well as a politician and diplomat.
The Young Turk Revolution (July 1908) of the Ottoman Empire was when the Young Turks movement restored the Ottoman constitution of 1876 and ushered in multi-party politics in a two stage electoral system (electoral law) under the Ottoman parliament.
Young Turks (Jön Türkler, from Les Jeunes Turcs) was a Turkish nationalist party in the early 20th century that consisted of Ottoman exiles, students, civil servants, and army officers.
Youssou N'Dour (born 1 October 1959) is a Senegalese singer, songwriter, composer, occasional actor, businessman, and politician.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Yutong (officially Zhengzhou Yutong Group Co., Ltd.) is a conglomerate with its headquarters in the Yutong Industrial Park (宇通工业园) in Guancheng Hui District, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zaragoza, also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The 1944 Bulgarian coup d'état, also known as the 9 September coup d'état (Деветосептемврийски преврат, Devetoseptemvriyski prevrat) and called in pre-1989 Bulgaria the National Uprising of 9 September or the Socialist Revolution of 9 September, was a forcible change in the Kingdom of Bulgaria's administration and government carried out on the eve of 9 September 1944.
The 1960 Agadir earthquake occurred 29 February at 23:40 Western European Time (UTC+00:00).
The 1963 Skopje earthquake (Скопски земјотрес 1963, transliterated Skopski zemjotres 1963) was a 6.1 moment magnitude earthquake which occurred in Skopje, SR Macedonia (present-day Republic of Macedonia) then part of the SFR Yugoslavia, on July 26, 1963, which killed over 1,070 people, injured between 3,000 and 4,000 and left more than 200,000 people homeless.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
The 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia was an armed conflict which began when the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) militant group attacked the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia at the beginning of February 2001, and ended with the Ohrid Agreement.
The 2008 EHF European Women's Handball Championship was held in the Republic of Macedonia from 2–14 December, it was won by Norway after beating Spain 34–21 in the final match.
The 2017 UEFA Super Cup was the 42nd edition of the UEFA Super Cup, an annual football match organised by UEFA and contested by the reigning champions of the two main European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
The 4th millennium BC spanned the years 4000 through 3001 BC.
Capital of the Republic of Macedonia, City of Skopje, Greater Skopje, Iskip, Scopje, Shkup, Shkupi, Skopie, Skopje, Macedonia, Skoplje, Ushkub, Uskiib, Uskub, Uskueb, Uskuep, Uskup, Üsküb, Üsküp, İskip, Скопје.