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Skylon (spacecraft)

Index Skylon (spacecraft)

Skylon is a series of designs for a single-stage-to-orbit spaceplane by the British company Reaction Engines Limited (REL), using SABRE, a combined-cycle, air-breathing rocket propulsion system. [1]

115 relations: Airbus, Airfoil, Airplane, Alan Bond (engineer), Alloy, Amortization, Astrium, Astronaut, Atmospheric entry, Audit, Automated Transfer Vehicle, BAE Systems, Ballistic coefficient, BBC News, British Aerospace, British Interplanetary Society, British National Space Centre, Center of gravity of an aircraft, Ceramic matrix composite, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Combined cycle, Containerization, David Willetts, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Engine, Euro sign, European Space Agency, Exhaust gas, Expansion deflection nozzle, Falcon 9, Festival of Britain, Flight International, For-profit corporation, French Guiana, Fuel tank, Fuselage, George Osborne, Geostationary transfer orbit, German Aerospace Center, Gravity drag, Guiana Space Centre, Haymarket Media Group, Helium, HOTOL, Hydrogen fuel, International Space Station, Jean-Jacques Dordain, Jet engine, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Kourou, ..., Landing gear, Leading edge, Lift (force), Liquid air cycle engine, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Low Earth orbit, Mach number, Mark Hempsell, Metre per second, Multi-layer insulation, Multistage rocket, NASA, Non-inclined orbit, North European Aerospace Test range, Orbit, Orbital speed, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Paul Drayson, Baron Drayson, Payload, Payload fraction, Precooled jet engine, Ramjet, Reaction Engines A2, Reaction Engines Limited, Research and development, Reusable launch system, Rocket, Rocket engine, Rocket engine nozzle, Rocket Propulsion Establishment, Rocket sled, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Rotation (aeronautics), Runway, SABRE (rocket engine), Satellite, Scramjet, Single-stage-to-orbit, Skin (aeronautics), Skylon (Festival of Britain), Space frame, Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle thermal protection system, Space-based solar power, Space.com, Spacecraft propulsion, Spaceflight (magazine), Spaceplane, SpaceX, Specific impulse, Speed of sound, Sun-synchronous orbit, Technology readiness level, The Register, The Space Show, Thrust, Thrust-to-weight ratio, Turbulence, Twitter, UK Space Agency, United Kingdom, University of Bristol, Wired (magazine), Working mass. Expand index (65 more) »


Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.

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An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Alan Bond (engineer)

Alan Bond (born 1944) is an English mechanical and aerospace engineer, as well as Managing Director of Reaction Engines Ltd and associated with Project Daedalus, Blue Streak missile, HOTOL, Reaction Engines Skylon and the Reaction Engines A2 hypersonic passenger aircraft.

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An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.

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Amortization (or amortisation) is paying off an amount owed over time by making planned, incremental payments of principal and interest.

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Astrium was an aerospace manufacturer subsidiary of the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) that provided civil and military space systems and services from 2006 to 2013.

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An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.

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Atmospheric entry

Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object from outer space into and through the gases of an atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or natural satellite.

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An audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern.

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Automated Transfer Vehicle

The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV, was an expendable cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA).

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BAE Systems

BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.

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Ballistic coefficient

In ballistics, the ballistic coefficient (BC) of a body is a measure of its ability to overcome air resistance in flight.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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British Aerospace

British Aerospace plc (BAe) was a British aircraft, munitions and defence-systems manufacturer.

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British Interplanetary Society

The British Interplanetary Society (BIS), founded in Liverpool in 1933 by Philip E. Cleator, is the oldest space advocacy organisation in the world.

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British National Space Centre

The British National Space Centre (BNSC) was an agency of the Government of the United Kingdom, organised in 1985, that coordinated civil space activities for the UK.

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Center of gravity of an aircraft

The center of gravity (CG) of an aircraft is the point over which the aircraft would balance.

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Ceramic matrix composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are a subgroup of composite materials as well as a subgroup of ceramics.

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Chancellor of the Exchequer

The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.

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Combined cycle

In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.

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Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).

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David Willetts

David Linsay Willetts, Baron Willetts, (born 9 March 1956) is an English Conservative Party politician, life peer, and academic.

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Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) was a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created on 5 June 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR).

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An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.

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Euro sign

The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the Eurozone in the European Union (EU).

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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

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Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

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Expansion deflection nozzle

The expansion-deflection nozzle is an advanced rocket nozzle which achieves altitude compensation through interaction of the exhaust gas with the atmosphere, much like the plug and aerospike nozzles.

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Falcon 9

Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.

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Festival of Britain

The Festival of Britain was a national exhibition and fair that reached millions of visitors throughout the United Kingdom in the summer of 1951.

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Flight International

Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.

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For-profit corporation

A for-profit corporation is an organization which aims to earn profit through its operations and is concerned with its own interests, unlike those of the public (non-profit corporation).

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French Guiana

French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.

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Fuel tank

A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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George Osborne

George Gideon Oliver Osborne (born 23 May 1971) is a British Conservative Party politician, who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from June 2001 until he stood down on 3 May 2017.

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Geostationary transfer orbit

A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.

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German Aerospace Center

The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.), abbreviated DLR, is the national center for aerospace, energy and transportation research of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Gravity drag

In astrodynamics and rocketry, gravity drag (or gravity losses) is a measure of the loss in the net performance of a rocket while it is thrusting in a gravitational field.

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Guiana Space Centre

The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French and European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana.

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Haymarket Media Group

Haymarket Media Group is a privately held media company headquartered in London.

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Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

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HOTOL, for Horizontal Take-Off and Landing, was a 1980s British design for a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) spaceplane that was to be powered by an airbreathing jet engine.

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Hydrogen fuel

Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel when burned with oxygen.

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International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

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Jean-Jacques Dordain

Jean-Jacques Dordain (born April 14, 1946) was Director General of the European Space Agency between 2003 and 2015.

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Jet engine

A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.

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Journal of the British Interplanetary Society

The Journal of the British Interplanetary Society (JBIS) is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1934.

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Kourou is a commune in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.

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Landing gear

Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.

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Leading edge

The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air;Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 305.

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Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

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Liquid air cycle engine

A liquid air cycle engine (LACE) is a type of spacecraft propulsion engine that attempts to increase its efficiency by gathering part of its oxidizer from the atmosphere.

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Liquid hydrogen

Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.

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Liquid oxygen

Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.

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Low Earth orbit

A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.

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Mach number

In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.

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Mark Hempsell

Mark Hempsell is a British aerospace engineer and CEO of Hempsell Astronautics Ltd.

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Metre per second

Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.

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Multi-layer insulation

Multi-layer insulation, or MLI, is thermal insulation composed of multiple layers of thin sheets and is often used on spacecraft.

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Multistage rocket

A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Non-inclined orbit

A non-inclined orbit is an orbit coplanar with a plane of reference.

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North European Aerospace Test range

North European Aerospace Test range (NEAT) is Europe's largest overland test range for aerospace systems.

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In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

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Orbital speed

In gravitationally bound systems, the orbital speed of an astronomical body or object (e.g. planet, moon, artificial satellite, spacecraft, or star) is the speed at which it orbits around either the barycenter or, if the object is much less massive than the largest body in the system, its speed relative to that largest body.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

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Paul Drayson, Baron Drayson

Paul Rudd Drayson, Baron Drayson FREng PC (born 5 March 1960), is a British businessman, amateur racing driver and Labour politician.

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Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.

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Payload fraction

In aerospace engineering, payload fraction is a common term used to characterize the efficiency of a particular design.

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Precooled jet engine

A precooled jet engine is a concept for high speed jet engines that features a cryogenic fuel-cooled heat exchanger immediately after the air intake to precool the air entering the engine.

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A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.

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Reaction Engines A2

The Reaction Engines Limited LAPCAT Configuration A2 (called the LAPCAT A2) is a design study for a hypersonic speed jet airliner intended to provide environmentally friendly, long range, high capacity commercial transportation.

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Reaction Engines Limited

Reaction Engines Limited (REL) is a British aerospace manufacturer based in Oxfordshire, England.

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Research and development

Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.

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Reusable launch system

A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.

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A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

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Rocket engine

A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.

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Rocket engine nozzle

A rocket engine nozzle is a propelling nozzle (usually of the de Laval type) used in a rocket engine to expand and accelerate the combustion gases produced by burning propellants so that the exhaust gases exit the nozzle at hypersonic velocities.

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Rocket Propulsion Establishment

The Rocket Propulsion Establishment at Westcott, Buckinghamshire on the site of the former RAF Westcott has made a number of notable contributions in the field of rocket propulsion, including input on the rocket design for the Blue Streak missile and the propulsion systems on Chevaline.

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Rocket sled

A rocket sled is a test platform that slides along a set of rails, propelled by rockets.

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Rolls-Royce Holdings

Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.

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Rotation (aeronautics)

In aviation, rotation refers to the action of applying back pressure to a control device, such as a yoke, side-stick or centre stick, to lift the nose wheel off the ground during the takeoff roll.

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According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".

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SABRE (rocket engine)

SABRE (Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine) is a concept under development by Reaction Engines Limited for a hypersonic precooled hybrid air-breathing rocket engine.

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In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.

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A scramjet ("supersonic combustion ramjet") is a variant of a ramjet airbreathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic airflow.

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A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware, expending only propellants and fluids.

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Skin (aeronautics)

The skin of an aircraft is the outer surface which covers much of its wings and fuselage.

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Skylon (Festival of Britain)

The Skylon was a futuristic-looking, slender, vertical, cigar-shaped steel tensegrity structure located by the Thames in London, that gave the illusion of 'floating' above the ground, built in 1951 for the Festival of Britain.

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Space frame

In architecture and structural engineering, a space frame or space structure is a rigid, lightweight, truss-like structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern.

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.

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Space Shuttle thermal protection system

The Space Shuttle thermal protection system (TPS) is the barrier that protected the Space Shuttle Orbiter during the searing heat of atmospheric reentry.

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Space-based solar power

Space-based solar power (SBSP) is the concept of collecting solar power in outer space and distributing it to Earth.

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Space.com is a space and astronomy news website.

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Spacecraft propulsion

Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial satellites.

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Spaceflight (magazine)

Spaceflight is the monthly magazine of the British Interplanetary Society (BIS), reporting on space exploration topics.

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A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

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Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.

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Specific impulse

Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.

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Speed of sound

The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.

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Sun-synchronous orbit

A Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO, also called a heliosynchronous orbit) is a nearly polar orbit around a planet, in which the satellite passes over any given point of the planet's surface at the same local mean solar time.

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Technology readiness level

Technology readiness levels (TRL) are a method of estimating technology maturity of Critical Technology Elements (CTE) of a program during the acquisition process.

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The Register

The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.

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The Space Show

The Space Show is a biweekly Internet radio talk show, presented by David Livingston, about space commerce and exploration that is also available archived online as a podcast.

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Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.

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Thrust-to-weight ratio

Thrust-to-weight ratio is a dimensionless ratio of thrust to weight of a rocket, jet engine, propeller engine, or a vehicle propelled by such an engine that indicates the performance of the engine or vehicle.

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In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.

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Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".

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UK Space Agency

The United Kingdom Space Agency (commonly known as the UK Space Agency or UKSA) is an executive agency of the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for the United Kingdom's civil space programme.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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University of Bristol

The University of Bristol (simply referred to as Bristol University and abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, or UoB) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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Working mass

Working mass, also referred to as reaction mass, is a mass against which a system operates in order to produce acceleration.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skylon_(spacecraft)

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