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Slang

Index Slang

Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both. [1]

58 relations: A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting Crew, Agency (sociology), Alfred, Lord Tennyson, American slang, Argot, Bargoens, Caló (Chicano), Cant (language), Cinema of the United States, Clique, Colloquialism, Conversion (word formation), Corpus linguistics, Diner lingo, Eric Partridge, Facebook, Fala dos arxiñas, Fenya, Gayle language, Glossary of jive talk, Hashtag, Helsinki slang, Indexicality, Ingroups and outgroups, Instagram, IsiNgqumo, Jargon, Klezmer-loshn, Language game, Lazăr Șăineanu, Leet, LGBT linguistics, Linguistics, LOL, Lunfardo, Mangas, Michael Silverstein, Nadsat, Oxford English Dictionary, Pig Latin, Polari, Popular culture, Rövarspråket, Register (sociolinguistics), Rhyming slang, Rotwelsch, Semantic change, Shelta, Slang dictionary, SMS language, ..., Software cracking, Standard language, Suffix, Television show, Thieves' cant, Twitter, Urban Dictionary, Verlan. Expand index (8 more) »

A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting Crew

A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting Crew is a dictionary of English cant and slang by a compiler known only by the initials B. E., first published in London c. 1698.

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Agency (sociology)

In social science, agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.

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Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.

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American slang

American slang is slang that is common in, or particular to, the United States.

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Argot

An argot (from French argot 'slang') is a secret language used by various groups—e.g., schoolmates, outlaws, colleagues, among many others—to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations.

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Bargoens

Bargoens is a form of Dutch slang, more specifically, it is a cant language that arose in the 17th century, and was used by criminals, tramps and travelling salesmen as a secret code, like Spain's Germanía or French Argot.

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Caló (Chicano)

Caló (also known as Pachuco) is an argot or slang of Mexican Spanish that originated during the first half of the 20th century in the Southwestern United States.

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Cant (language)

A cant (or cryptolect, or secret language) is the jargon or argot of a group, often employed to exclude or mislead people outside the group.

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Cinema of the United States

The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.

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Clique

A clique (AusE, CanE, or), in the social sciences, is a group of individuals who interact with one another and share similar interests.

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Colloquialism

Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.

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Conversion (word formation)

In linguistics, conversion, also called zero derivation, is a kind of word formation involving the creation of a word (of a new word class) from an existing word (of a different word class) without any change in form, which is to say, derivation using only zero.

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Corpus linguistics

Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in corpora (bodies) of "real world" text.

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Diner lingo

Diner lingo is a kind of American verbal slang used by cooks and chefs in diners and diner-style restaurants, and by the wait staff to communicate their orders to the cooks.

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Eric Partridge

Eric Honeywood Partridge (6 February 1894 – 1 June 1979) was a New Zealand–British lexicographer of the English language, particularly of its slang.

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Facebook

Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.

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Fala dos arxiñas

Fala dos arginhas is the name of an argot employed by stonecutters in Galicia, Spain, particularly in the area of Pontevedra, based on the Galician language.

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Fenya

Fenya (p) or fenka (p) is a Russian cant language used among criminals.

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Gayle language

Gayle, or Gail, is an English and Afrikaans-based gay argot or cant slang used primarily by English and Afrikaans-speaking homosexual men in urban communities of South Africa, and is similar in some respects to Polari in the United Kingdom, from which some lexical items have been borrowed.

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Glossary of jive talk

Jive talk, also known as Harlem jive, the argot of jazz, jazz jargon, vernacular of the jazz world, slang of jazz, and parlance of hip, was the distinctive slang that developed in Harlem, where jive or jazz was played, and was subsequently adopted more widely in US society, peaking in the 1940s.

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Hashtag

A hashtag is a type of metadata tag used on social networks such as Twitter and other microblogging services, allowing users to apply dynamic, user-generated tagging which makes it possible for others to easily find messages with a specific theme or content; it allows easy, informal markup of folk taxonomy without need of any formal taxonomy or markup language.

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Helsinki slang

Helsinki slang or stadin slangi ("Helsinki's slang", from Swedish stad, "city"; see etymology) is a local dialect and a sociolect of the Finnish language mainly used in the capital city of Helsinki.

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Indexicality

In semiotics, linguistics, anthropology and philosophy of language, indexicality is the phenomenon of a sign pointing to (or indexing) some object in the context in which it occurs.

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Ingroups and outgroups

In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.

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Instagram

Instagram is a photo and video-sharing social networking service owned by Facebook, Inc. It was created by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, and launched in October 2010 exclusively on iOS.

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IsiNgqumo

IsiNgqumo, or IsiGqumo, (literally "decisions" in the language itself) is an argot used by homosexuals of South Africa and Zimbabwe who speak Bantu languages, as opposed to Gayle, a language used by the homosexuals of South Africa who speak Germanic languages.

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Jargon

Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.

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Klezmer-loshn

Klezmer-loshn (קלעזמער-לשון klezmer-loshn, Yiddish for Musician's Tongue) is an extinct derivative of the Yiddish language.

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Language game

A language game (also called secret language, ludling, or argot) is a system of manipulating spoken words to render them incomprehensible to the untrained ear.

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Lazăr Șăineanu

Lazăr Șăineanu (also spelled Șeineanu, born Eliezer Schein;Leopold, p.383, 417 Francisized Lazare Sainéan,, Alexandru Mușina,, in România Literară, Nr. 19/2003 or Sainéanu; April 23, 1859 – May 11, 1934) was a Romanian-born philologist, linguist, folklorist and cultural historian.

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Leet

Leet (or "1337"), also known as eleet or leetspeak, is a system of modified spellings and verbiage used primarily on the Internet for many phonetic languages.

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LGBT linguistics

LGBT linguistics refers to language and sub-fields within linguistics revolving around people identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ).

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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LOL

LOL, or lol, is an acronym for laugh(ing) out loud or lots of laughs, and a popular element of Internet slang.

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Lunfardo

Lunfardo (from the Italian lumbardo or inhabitant of Lombardy in the local dialect) is a dialect originated and developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the lower classes in Buenos Aires and from there spread to other cities nearby, such as the surrounding area Greater Buenos Aires, Rosario and Montevideo.

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Mangas

Manges (Greek: μάγκες; sing.: mangas, μάγκας) is the name of a social group in the Belle Époque era's counterculture of Greece (especially of the great urban centers: Athens, Piraeus, and Thessaloniki).

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Michael Silverstein

Michael Silverstein (born 1945) is the Charles F. Grey Distinguished Service Professor of anthropology, linguistics, and psychology at the University of Chicago.

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Nadsat

Nadsat is a fictional register or argot used by the teenagers in Anthony Burgess's novel A Clockwork Orange.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Pig Latin

Pig Latin is a language game or argot in which words in English are altered, usually by adding a fabricated suffix or by moving the onset or initial consonant or consonant cluster of a word to the end of the word and adding a vocalic syllable to create such a suffix.

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Polari

Polari (or alternatively Parlare, Parlary, Palare, Palarie, Palari) is a form of cant slang used in Britain by some actors, circus and fairground showmen, professional wrestlers, merchant navy sailors, criminals, prostitutes, and the gay subculture.

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Popular culture

Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.

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Rövarspråket

Rövarspråket (The Robber Language) is a Swedish language game.

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Register (sociolinguistics)

In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.

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Rhyming slang

Rhyming slang is a form of slang word construction in the English language that uses rhyme.

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Rotwelsch

Rotwelsch or Gaunersprache ("criminal language") is a secret language, a cant or thieves' argot, spoken by covert groups primarily in southern Germany and Switzerland.

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Semantic change

Semantic change (also semantic shift, semantic progression, semantic development, or semantic drift) is the evolution of word usage—usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage.

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Shelta

Shelta (Irish: Seiltis) is a language spoken by Irish Travellers, particularly in Ireland and the United Kingdom.

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Slang dictionary

A slang dictionary is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of slang, which is vernacular vocabulary not generally acceptable in formal usage, usually including information given for each word, including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.

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SMS language

SMS language, textese or texting language is the abbreviated language and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, or other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging.

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Software cracking

Software cracking (known as "breaking" in the 1980s) is the modification of software to remove or disable features which are considered undesirable by the person cracking the software, especially copy protection features (including protection against the manipulation of software, serial number, hardware key, date checks and disc check) or software annoyances like nag screens and adware.

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Standard language

A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.

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Suffix

In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.

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Television show

A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.

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Thieves' cant

Thieves' cant or rogues' cant, also known as peddler's French, was a secret language (a cant or cryptolect) which was formerly used by thieves, beggars and hustlers of various kinds in Great Britain and to a lesser extent in other English-speaking countries.

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Twitter

Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".

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Urban Dictionary

Urban Dictionary is a crowdsourced online dictionary for slang words and phrases, operating under the motto "Define Your World." The website was founded in 1999 by Aaron Peckham.

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Verlan

Verlan is an argot in the French language, featuring inversion of syllables in a word, and is common in slang and youth language.

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English slang, Informal language, Slang (street talk), Slang name, Slang term, Slang word, Slang words, Slangs, Slanguage, Street term, Urban slang, Welcher (slang).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slang

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