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Index Slum

A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons. [1]

233 relations: A Child of the Jago, Abahlali baseMjondolo, Abhay and Rani Bang, Africa, Agriculture, Algiers, Ambulance, Ankara, Anthropogenic hazard, Argentina, Arrondissement, Asia, Auto rickshaw, Bangkok, Bangladesh, Barrio, Boundary Estate, Brazil, Breastfeeding, British Rail, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Campamento (Chile), Cape Town, Caracas, Caribbean, Central African Republic, Chad, Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias, Changaa, Charles Dickens, Charles Pearson, Cholera, Christian socialism, Cities Alliance, Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl, Colonialism, Council house, Crime, Death, Decent Homes Standard, Dengue fever, Developed country, Developing country, Devil's Acre, Dhaka, Dharavi, Diarrhea, Domestic violence against men, Durban, ..., Earthquake, East Asia, East End of London, Ebola virus disease, Economic stagnation, Economies of agglomeration, Economies of scale, Education, Egypt, Elsevier, Emergency vehicle, Employment, Epidemic, Ethiopia, Ethnic groups in Europe, Europe, Favela, Finance, Fires, Flood, Food, France, Gambling, Gang, Gecekondu, Gender inequality, Ghetto, Government, Gun violence, Haiti, Health care, HIV/AIDS, HLM, Homeless Workers' Movement, Homicide, Hooverville, Housing, Income, India, Indonesia, Industry, Informal sector, Infrastructure, Iodine deficiency, Iron-deficiency anemia, Ixtapaluca, Jacob Riis, Jakarta, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Kenya, Komboni, Lagos, Land tenure, Land use, Landslide, Latin America, Law enforcement, Lebanon, Lewis Hine, Liberia, Lima, List of instant foods, List of slums, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, Little Italy, Manhattan, Local board of health, London, London Underground, Malaria, Malnutrition, Manila, Market (economics), Marsh, Measles, Medellín, Melun Act of 1851, Metrocable (Medellín), Mexico, Mexico City, Michael Parenti, Migrant worker, Mike Davis (scholar), Morocco, Mortality rate, Mortgage loan, Mozambique, Mumbai, Mutual monogamy, Nairobi, National Health Service, New Delhi, New York City Subway, Nicholas Wiseman, Niger, North Africa, North America, Oceania, Old Nichol, Oliver Twist, Paris, Peabody Trust, Philippines, Pierce Egan, Police, Population density, Poverty, Prostitution, Protein–energy malnutrition, Public health, Public housing, Ranjit Naik, Rape, Reall, Refugee shelter, Residential area, Residential segregation in the United States, Right to property, Rio de Janeiro, Robert Neuwirth, Rooftop slum, Rookery (slum), Rural area, Sanitation, Santiago, São Paulo, Security, Self-medication, Sexual violence, Shanty town, Singapore, Skid row, Slum clearance, Slum Dwellers International, Slum tourism, Slum upgrading, Slumlord, Social network, Socioeconomic status, South Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Squatting, St Giles, London, State of Mexico, Sub-Saharan Africa, Suburb, Surabaya, Surplus labour, Tent city, Thailand, The Economist, The Guardian, Title (property), Trachoma, Traffic congestion, Tuberculosis, Typhoid fever, Unemployment, United Nations geoscheme for the Americas, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, United States, Urban area, Urban decay, Urban planning, Urban renewal, Urbanization, Urgent care, Vaccination, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Venezuela, Victorian era, Villa miseria, Violence, Vitamin A deficiency, Walker Evans, War on Poverty, Waste collection, Water quality, Water supply, Western Asia, Westminster, Women's Studies International Forum, World Health Organization. Expand index (183 more) »

A Child of the Jago

A Child of the Jago is an 1896 novel by Arthur Morrison.

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Abahlali baseMjondolo

Abahlali baseMjondolo (Shack Dwellers), also known as AbM or the red shirts,Richard Pithouse, ‘Our Struggle is Thought, on the Ground, Running'.

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Abhay and Rani Bang

Abhay Bang and Rani Bang are Indian social activists, and researchers working in the field of community health in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, India.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.

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An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.

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Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.

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Anthropogenic hazard

Anthropogenic hazards are hazards caused by human action or inaction.

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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An arrondissement is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, and the Netherlands.

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Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Auto rickshaw

An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.

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Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Barrio is a Spanish word meaning neighborhood.

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Boundary Estate

The Boundary Estate is a housing development, formally opened in 1900, in the East End of London, England.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.

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British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.

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Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.

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Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.

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Campamento (Chile)

A campamento ("camp" or "tent city") or población callampa ("mushroom town") are terms given in Chile to shanty towns.

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Cape Town

Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.

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Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.

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The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

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Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

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Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias

Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias (/ɕaɫko/ sh-al-ko) is a city that is municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of Chalco.

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Changaa or Chang'aa is a traditional home-brewed spirit, popular in Kenya.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles Pearson

Charles Pearson (4 October 1793 – 14 September 1862) was Solicitor to the City of London, a reforming campaigner, and – briefly – Member of Parliament for Lambeth.

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Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Christian socialism

Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

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Cities Alliance

The Cities Alliance is a global partnership formed jointly by the World Bank and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (later known as UN-Habitat) to distribute grants, share information between local governments, and make policy recommendations "to urban poverty in developing countries".

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Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl

Nezahualcóyotl, or more commonly Neza, is a city and municipality of State of Mexico adjacent to the northeast corner of Mexico City: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area.

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Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.

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Council house

A council house is a form of public or social housing built by local municipalities in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

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In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

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Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.

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Decent Homes Standard

The Decent Homes Standard is a technical standard for public housing introduced by the United Kingdom government.

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Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

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Devil's Acre

The Devil's Acre was a notorious slum near Westminster Abbey in Victorian London.

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Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.

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Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

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Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Domestic violence against men

Domestic violence against men deals with domestic violence experienced by men or boys in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation.

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Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.

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An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.

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East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East End of London

The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.

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Ebola virus disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses.

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Economic stagnation

Economic stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth), usually accompanied by high unemployment.

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Economies of agglomeration

Economies of agglomeration considers the effects of urban agglomeration, it is a topic of urban economics.

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.

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Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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Emergency vehicle

An emergency vehicle is any vehicle that is designated and authorized to respond to an emergency in a life-threatening situation.

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Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.

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An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.

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Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Ethnic groups in Europe

The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.

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Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.

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Fires is the related tasks and systems that provide collective and coordinated use of Army indirect fires, air and missile defense, and joint fires through the targeting process.

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A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.

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Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Gambling is the wagering of money or something of value (referred to as "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning money or material goods.

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A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.

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Gecekondu (plural gecekondular) is a Turkish word meaning a house put up quickly without proper permissions, a squatter's house, and by extension, a shanty or shack.

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Gender inequality

Gender inequality is the idea and situation that women and men are not equal.

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A ghetto is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, typically as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure.

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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

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Gun violence

Gun-related violence is violence committed with the use of a gun (firearm or small arm).

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Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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HLM is the acronym of Habitation à Loyer Modéré ("rent-controlled housing"), a form of private or public housing in France, Switzerland, Algeria, Senegal, and Quebec.

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Homeless Workers' Movement

The Homeless Workers Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Teto. MTST) is a shack-dwellers' movement in Brazil.

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Homicide is the act of one human killing another.

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A "Hooverville" was a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the United States of America.

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Housing, or more generally living spaces, refers to the construction and assigned usage of houses or buildings collectively, for the purpose of sheltering people —the planning or provision delivered by an authority, with related meanings.

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Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.

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Informal sector

The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government.

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Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

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Iodine deficiency

Iodine deficiency is a lack of the trace element iodine, an essential nutrient in the diet.

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Iron-deficiency anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia caused by a lack of iron.

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Ixtapaluca is a city and a municipality in the eastern part of the State of Mexico in Mexico.

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Jacob Riis

Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) was a Danish-American social reformer, Georgist, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.

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Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.

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Joseph Rowntree Foundation

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) is a British social policy research and development charity, that funds a UK-wide research and development programme.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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A komboni is a type of compound or informal housing area common to Zambia, particularly the capital city of Lusaka.

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Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.

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Land tenure

In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to "hold" the land.

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Land use

Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.

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The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.

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Latin America

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.

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Law enforcement

Law enforcement is any system by which some members of society act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and norms governing that society.

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Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Lewis Hine

Lewis Wickes Hine (September 26, 1874 – November 3, 1940) was an American sociologist and photographer.

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Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.

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Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.

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List of instant foods

This is a list of instant foods.

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List of slums

This is a list of slums.

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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa.

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Little Italy, Manhattan

Little Italy is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, once known for its large population of Italian Americans.

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Local board of health

Local boards or local boards of health were local authorities in urban areas of England and Wales from 1848 to 1894.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Underground

The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.

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Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.

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Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.

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Market (economics)

A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.

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A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.

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Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.

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Medellín, officially the Municipality of Medellín (Municipio de Medellín), is the second-largest city in Colombia and the capital of the department of Antioquia.

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Melun Act of 1851

In France, the Melun Act (1850–1851) was one of the first laws regarding Public Health.

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Metrocable (Medellín)

Metrocable is a gondola lift system implemented by the City Council of Medellín, Colombia, with the purpose of providing a complementary transportation service to that of Medellín's Metro.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mexico City

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.

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Michael Parenti

Michael John Parenti (born 1933) is an American political scientist and cultural critic who writes on scholarly and popular subjects.

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Migrant worker

A "migrant worker" is a person who either migrates within their home country or outside it to pursue work such as seasonal work.

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Mike Davis (scholar)

Mike Davis (born 1946) is an American writer, political activist, urban theorist, and historian.

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Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

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Mortgage loan

A mortgage loan, or simply mortgage, is used either by purchasers of real property to raise funds to buy real estate, or alternatively by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose, while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged.

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Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.

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Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Mutual monogamy

Mutual Monogamy is a form of monogamy that exists when two partners agree to be sexually active with only one another.

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Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.

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National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.

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New York City Subway

The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the state-run Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).

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Nicholas Wiseman

Nicholas Wiseman (2 August 1802 – 15 February 1865) was an Irish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who became the first Archbishop of Westminster upon the re-establishment of the Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales in 1850.

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Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.

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North Africa

North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.

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Old Nichol

The Old Nichol, also known as the Nichol or the Old Nichol Street Rookery, was an area of housing in the East End of London, between High Street, Shoreditch, and Hackney Road in the north, and Spitalfields in the south.

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Oliver Twist

Oliver Twist; or, the Parish Boy's Progress is author Charles Dickens's second novel, and was first published as a serial 1837–39.

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Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Peabody Trust

The Peabody Trust was founded in 1862 as the 'Peabody Donation Fund' and now brands itself simply as Peabody.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Pierce Egan

Pierce Egan (1772–1849) was a British journalist, sportswriter, and writer on popular culture.

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A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

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Population density

Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.

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Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

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Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.

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Protein–energy malnutrition

Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition which is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of protein and/or energy in varying proportions.The condition vary in forms ranging from mild through moderate to severe degrees.

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Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

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Public housing

Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.

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Ranjit Naik

Ranjit Poojari Naik (22 October 1933 – 30 July 2004) was an architect and social worker who helped Mumbai slum dwellers.

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Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.

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Reall, Real Equity for All, (formerly Homeless International) is a social enterprise focusing on urban poverty issues (including slums and social housing) in the developing world.

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Refugee shelter

Refugee shelters are structures ranging from the most temporary tent accommodation through transitional shelter to building permanent houses and settlements and include the most basic kind of ad hoc structure.

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Residential area

A residential area is a land used in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas.

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Residential segregation in the United States

Residential segregation in the United States is the physical separation of two or more groups into different neighborhoods, or a form of segregation that "sorts population groups into various neighborhood contexts and shapes the living environment at the neighborhood level".

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Right to property

The right to property or right to own property (cf. ownership) is often classified as a human right for natural persons regarding their possessions.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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Robert Neuwirth

Robert Neuwirth is an American journalist, author, and investigative reporter.

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Rooftop slum

Rooftop Slum (Chinese: 天台屋) or penthouse slum generally refers to illegal housing on the rooftops of apartment buildings.

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Rookery (slum)

A "rookery" is a colloquial English term given in the 18th and 19th centuries to a city slum occupied by poor people and frequently also by criminals and prostitutes.

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Rural area

In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

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Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.

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Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.

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São Paulo

São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.

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Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.

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Self-medication is a human behavior in which an individual uses a substance or any exogenous influence to self-administer treatment for physical or psychological ailments.

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Sexual violence

Sexual violence is any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act by violence or coercion, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a person's sexuality, regardless of the relationship to the victim.

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Shanty town

A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Skid row

A skid row or skid road is an impoverished area, typically urban, in English-speaking North America whose inhabitants are people "on the skids;" this specifically refers to the poor, the homeless, or others either considered disreputable or forgotten by society.

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Slum clearance

Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.

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Slum Dwellers International

Slum Dwellers International (SDI), or Shack Dwellers International as it is known in the African continent, is a global social movement of the urban poor started in 1996.

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Slum tourism

Slum tourism, or ghetto tourism is a type of tourism that involves visiting impoverished areas.

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Slum upgrading

Slum upgrading is an urban renewal strategy which consists of a demolition to slums, undertaken cooperatively by large corporations to make way for hotels and various other institutions.

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A slumlord (or slum landlord) is a derogatory term for a landlord, generally an absentee landlord with more than one property, who attempts to maximize profit by minimizing spending on property maintenance, often in deteriorating neighborhoods, and to tenants that they can intimidate.

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Social network

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.

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Socioeconomic status

Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.

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St Giles, London

St Giles is a district of London, at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.

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State of Mexico

The State of Mexico (Estado de México) is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.

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A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

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Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.

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Surplus labour

Surplus labour (German: Mehrarbeit) is a concept used by Karl Marx in his critique of political economy.

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Tent city

A tent city is a temporary housing facility made using tents or other temporary structures.

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Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Title (property)

In property law, a title is a bundle of rights in a piece of property in which a party may own either a legal interest or equitable interest.

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Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

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Traffic congestion

Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.

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Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.

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United Nations geoscheme for the Americas

The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for the Americas.

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United Nations Human Settlements Programme

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–Habitat) is the United Nations agency for human settlements and sustainable urban development.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Urban decay

Urban decay (also known as urban rot and urban blight) is the process by which a previously functioning city, or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude.

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Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

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Urban renewal

Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.

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Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

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Urgent care

Urgent care is a category of walk-in clinic focused on the delivery of ambulatory care in a dedicated medical facility outside of a traditional emergency department (emergency room).

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Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

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Vanda Felbab-Brown

Vanda Felbab-Brown is an American expert on internal and international organized crime.

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Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Villa miseria

A villa miseria, or just villa, is a type of shanty town or slum found in Argentina, mostly around the largest urban settlements.

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Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.

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Vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) or hypovitaminosis A is a lack of vitamin A in blood and tissues.

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Walker Evans

Walker Evans (November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975) was an American photographer and photojournalist best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression.

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War on Poverty

The War on Poverty is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on Wednesday, January 8, 1964.

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Waste collection

Waste collection is a part of the process of waste management.

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Water quality

Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water.

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Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

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Western Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.

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Westminster is an area of central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames.

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Women's Studies International Forum

Women's Studies International Forum is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering feminist research in the area of women's studies and other disciplines.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Bustees, Poor housing, Slum dweller, Slum housing, Slums, Substandard housing, Urban squalor.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slum

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