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Smart card

Index Smart card

A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits. [1]

166 relations: Access badge, Access control, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, American Express, Andante ticket, AT HOP card, ATM card, Authentication, Authorization, Automated teller machine, Axalto, Belfius, Belgium, Biometric passport, BitLocker, Blacklist (computing), Brussels Intercommunal Transport Company, Card reader, Carte Bleue, CCID (protocol), CEPAS, Chipknip, Clipper card, Common Access Card, Communication protocol, Contact pad, Contactless smart card, Credit card, Cryptographic protocol, Cryptographic Service Provider, Cryptography, Data security, Debit card, Department for Transport, Digital currency, Digital signature, Digital Signature Algorithm, Dip reader, Disk encryption software, Dormitory, E-commerce, Electric battery, Electric current, Electronic toll collection, Emergency service, Estonian ID card, Europay International, Federal Emergency Management Agency, File system, FIPS 201, ..., Firefox, Fortis (finance), Fuel card, Geldkarte, Gemalto, Glasgow Subway, GlobalPlatform, GNU Privacy Guard, Go card, Groupe Bull, GSM, Gujarat, Health care, Health care fraud, Helmut Gröttrup, Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council, Identity document, Inductor, Information security, Integrated circuit, Integrated ticketing, International Civil Aviation Organization, ISO/IEC 14443, ISO/IEC 7810, ISO/IEC 7816, ITSO Ltd, Java Card, Jürgen Dethloff, JCB Co., Ltd., Keycard lock, Leap card, List of smart cards, Login, Magnetic stripe card, Malaysia, Malaysian identity card, Malware, Man-in-the-browser, Mastercard, Medical privacy, Medical record, Micrograph, Microsoft Windows, MIFARE, Mondex, Moneo, Motorola, Mozilla Foundation, MULTOS, Myki, Myyrmanni bombing, National Institute of Standards and Technology, NXP Semiconductors, Octopus card, Ombudsman, Online wallet, Opal card, Open Mobile Alliance, Open Smart Card Development Platform, Operating system, OPUS card, Organ donation, Overseas Pakistani, Oyster card, Pakistan, Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard, Payphone, Personal identification number, PKCS 11, Point of sale, Point-of-sale malware, Polycarbonate, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polyvinyl chloride, Porto, Power analysis, Presto card, Privacy, Proton (bank card), Proximity card, Public key certificate, Public key infrastructure, Public transport, Quick Wertkarte, Rabobank, Radio-frequency identification, Radio-frequency induction, Rectifier, Roland Moreno, RSA (cryptosystem), Schlumberger, Secure cryptoprocessor, Security engineering, Security token, Single sign-on, Smartphone, SmartRider, SNAPI, Spain, Stored-value card, Subscriber identity module, Symmetric-key algorithm, Tamper resistance, Tamper-evident technology, Telephone card, Television encryption, Transit pass, Triple DES, United States Department of Defense, Vending machine, VideoGuard, Visa Inc., Web browser, Web server, WidePoint Corporation. Expand index (116 more) »

Access badge

An access badge is a credential used to gain entry to an area having automated access control entry points.

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Access control

In the fields of physical security and information security, access control (AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.

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Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.

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American Express

The American Express Company, also known as Amex, is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Three World Financial Center in New York City.

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Andante ticket

Andante is a public transport ticketing system used in and around Porto, Portugal.

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AT HOP card

The AT HOP card is an electronic fare payment card that was released in two versions on Auckland public transport services, beginning in May 2011.

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ATM card

An ATM card is a payment card or dedicated payment card le card issued by a financial institution which enables a customer to access automated teller machines (ATMs).

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Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.

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Authorization is the function of specifying access rights/privileges to resources related to information security and computer security in general and to access control in particular.

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Automated teller machine

An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.

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Axalto has been a smart card manufacturer, that during its brief independent existence, with over 4,500 employees in 60 countries, was one of the world's leading providers of microprocessor cards (Gartner, 2005) and also a major supplier of point of sale terminals.

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Belfius Bank and Insurance, known as Dexia Bank Belgium up until 1 March 2012, is a for-profit PLC founded to meet local authority needs.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Biometric passport

A biometric passport (also known as an e-passport, ePassport or a digital passport) is a traditional passport that has an embedded electronic microprocessor chip which contains biometric information that can be used to authenticate the identity of the passport holder.

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BitLocker is a full disk encryption feature included with Windows Vista and later.

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Blacklist (computing)

In computing, a blacklist or block list is a basic access control mechanism that allows through all elements (email addresses, users, passwords, URLs, IP addresses, domain names, file hashes, etc.), except those explicitly mentioned.

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Brussels Intercommunal Transport Company

The Brussels Intercommunal Transport Company (Société des Transports Intercommunaux de Bruxelles or italic; Maatschappij voor het Intercommunaal Vervoer te Brussel or italic) is the local public transport operator in Brussels, Belgium.

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Card reader

A card reader is a data input device that reads data from a card-shaped storage medium.

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Carte Bleue

Carte Bleue (Blue Card) was a major debit card payment system operating in France.

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CCID (protocol)

CCID (chip card interface device) protocol is a USB protocol that allows a smartcard to be connected to a computer via a card reader using a standard USB interface, without the need for each manufacturer of smartcards to provide its own reader or protocol.

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CEPAS, the Specification for Contactless e-Purse Application, is a Singaporean specification for an electronic money smart card.

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Chipknip was an electronic cash system used in the Netherlands until 1 January 2015.

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Clipper card

The Clipper card is a reloadable contactless smart card used for electronic transit fare payment in the San Francisco Bay Area.

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Common Access Card

The Common Access Card, also commonly referred to as the CAC or CAC card, is a smart card about the size of a credit card.

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Communication protocol

In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.

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Contact pad

Contact pads or bond pads are designated surface areas of a printed circuit board or die of an integrated circuit.

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Contactless smart card

A contactless smart card is a contactless credential whose dimensions are credit-card size.

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Credit card

A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.

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Cryptographic protocol

A security protocol (cryptographic protocol or encryption protocol) is an abstract or concrete protocol that performs a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods, often as sequences of cryptographic primitives.

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Cryptographic Service Provider

In Microsoft Windows, a Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) is a software library that implements the Microsoft CryptoAPI (CAPI).

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Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.

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Data security

Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.

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Debit card

A debit card (also known as a bank card, plastic card or check card) is a plastic payment card that can be used instead of cash when making purchases.

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Department for Transport

The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.

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Digital currency

Digital currency (digital money or electronic money or electronic currency) is a type of currency available only in digital form, not in physical (such as banknotes and coins).

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Digital signature

A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for presenting the authenticity of digital messages or documents.

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Digital Signature Algorithm

The Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) is a Federal Information Processing Standard for digital signatures.

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Dip reader

A DIP reader (Document Insertion Processor) is an electronic device for reading an electronically encoded card that is inserted and then removed from the device.

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Disk encryption software

Disk encryption software is computer security software that protects the confidentiality of data stored on computer media (e.g., a hard disk, floppy disk, or USB device) by using disk encryption.

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In United States usage, the word dormitory means a building primarily providing sleeping and residential quarters for large numbers of people, often boarding school, college or university students.

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E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.

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Electric battery

An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.

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Electric current

An electric current is a flow of electric charge.

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Electronic toll collection

Electronic toll collection (ETC) aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads, HOV lanes, toll bridges, and toll tunnels by collecting tolls without cash and without requiring cars to stop.

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Emergency service

Emergency services and rescue services are organizations which ensure public safety and health by addressing different emergencies.

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Estonian ID card

The Estonian identity card (ID-kaart) is a mandatory identity document for citizens of Estonia.

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Europay International

Europay International was the name of the entity created by the merger of Eurocard International and Eurocheque International.

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Federal Emergency Management Agency

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No.

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File system

In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.

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FIPS 201

FIPS 201 (Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 201) is a United States federal government standard that specifies Personal Identity Verification (PIV) requirements for Federal employees and contractors.

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Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.

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Fortis (finance)

Fortis N.V./S.A. was a Belgian financial company active in insurance, banking and investment management.

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Fuel card

A fuel card or fleet card is used as a payment card most commonly for gasoline, diesel, and other fuels at gas stations.

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GeldKarte ("money card") is a stored-value card or electronic cash system used in Germany.

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Gemalto is an international digital security company providing software applications, secure personal devices such as smart cards and tokens, and managed services.

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Glasgow Subway

The Glasgow Subway is an underground metro line in Glasgow, Scotland.

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GlobalPlatform is a nonprofit organization that creates and publishes specifications for secure chip technology.

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GNU Privacy Guard

GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG or GPG) is a free software replacement for Symantec's PGP cryptographic software suite.

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Go card

The go card is an electronic smartcard ticketing system developed by Cubic Corporation and currently used on the TransLink public transport network in South East Queensland.

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Groupe Bull

Bull SAS (also known as Groupe Bull, Bull Information Systems, or simply Bull) is a French-owned computer company headquartered in Les Clayes-sous-Bois, in the western suburbs of Paris.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Health care fraud

Health care fraud includes health insurance fraud, drug fraud, and medical fraud.

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Helmut Gröttrup

Helmut Gröttrup (12 February 1916 – 5 July 1981) was a German engineer and rocket scientist.

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Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council

The Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council (Pääkaupunkiseudun yhteistyövaltuuskunta, YTV, Huvudstadsregionens samarbetsdelegation, SAD) was a co-operation agency operating in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, now replaced by HSL and HSY.

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Identity document

An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.

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An inductor, also called a coil, choke or reactor, is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores energy in a magnetic field when electric current flows through it.

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Information security

Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information.

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Integrated circuit

An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

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Integrated ticketing

Integrated ticketing allows a person to make a journey that involves transfers within or between different transport modes with a single ticket that is valid for the complete journey, modes being buses, trains, subways, ferries, etc.

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International Civil Aviation Organization

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.

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ISO/IEC 14443

ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.

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ISO/IEC 7810

ISO/IEC 7810 Identification cards — Physical characteristics is an international standard that defines the physical characteristics for identification cards.

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ISO/IEC 7816

ISO/IEC 7816 is an international standard related to electronic identification cards with contacts, especially smart cards, managed jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

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ITSO Ltd is a non-profit distributing technical, standardisation and interoperability membership organisation with objectives to.

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Java Card

Java Card refers to a software technology that allows Java-based applications (applets) to be run securely on smart cards and similar small memory footprint devices.

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Jürgen Dethloff

Jürgen Dethloff (b. 12 May 1924 in Stettin; d. 31 December 2002 in Hamburg) was a German inventor and engineer.

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JCB Co., Ltd.

(an initialism of the company's former name, Japan Credit Bureau) is a credit card company based in Tokyo, Japan.

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Keycard lock

A keycard lock is a lock operated by a keycard, a flat, rectangular plastic card with identical dimensions to that of a credit card or American and EU driver's license.

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Leap card

The TFI Leap Card is a form of integrated ticketing introduced in Dublin on 12 December 2011.

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List of smart cards

Some widely used contactless smart cards include Sydney's Opal Card, London's Oyster card, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Stockholm's Access card, Japan's Suica and Pasmo cards, Manila's Beep cards, Nigeria's ETC Card, Paris' Calypso/Navigo, the Dutch OV-Chipkaart, Toronto's Presto card and Lisbon's LisboaViva card, which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.

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In computer security, logging in (or logging on or signing in or signing on) is the process by which an individual gains access to a computer system by identifying and authenticating themselves.

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Magnetic stripe card

A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.

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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Malaysian identity card

The Malaysian identity card (kad pengenalan Malaysia), is the compulsory identity card for Malaysian citizens aged 12 and above.

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Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.

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Man-in-the-browser (MITB, MitB, MIB, MiB), a form of Internet threat related to man-in-the-middle (MITM), is a proxy Trojan horse that infects a web browser by taking advantage of vulnerabilities in browser security to modify web pages, modify transaction content or insert additional transactions, all in a completely covert fashion invisible to both the user and host web application.

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Mastercard Incorporated (stylized as MasterCard from 1979 to 2016 and mastercard since 2016) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Mastercard International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York, United States.

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Medical privacy

Medical privacy or health privacy is the practice of maintaining the security and confidentiality of patient records.

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Medical record

The terms medical record, health record, and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction.

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A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.

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Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

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MIFARE is the NXP Semiconductors-owned trademark of a series of chips widely used in contactless smart cards and proximity cards.

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Mondex is a smart card electronic cash system, implemented as a stored-value card.

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Moneo, sometimes branded as mon€o, is an electronic purse system available on French bank cards to allow small purchases to be made without cash and used from 1999 to 2015.

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Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.

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Mozilla Foundation

The Mozilla Foundation (stylized as moz://a) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and collectively lead the open source Mozilla project.

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MULTOS is a multi-application smart card operating system, that enables a smart card to carry a variety of applications, from chip and pin application for payment to on-card biometric matching for secure ID and ePassport.

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myki is a reloadable contactless smartcard ticketing system used on public transport in Victoria, Australia.

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Myyrmanni bombing

The Myyrmanni bombing took place on October 11, 2002, in Myyrmäki, Vantaa, Finland, in Greater Helsinki, at the Myyrmanni shopping mall.

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National Institute of Standards and Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.

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NXP Semiconductors

NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.

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Octopus card

The Octopus card is a reusable contactless stored value smart card for making electronic payments in online or offline systems in Hong Kong.

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An ombudsman, ombud, or public advocate is an official who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints of maladministration or a violation of rights.

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Online wallet

An online wallet is a program or web service that allows users to store and control their online shopping information, like logins, passwords, shipping address and credit card details, in one central place.

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Opal card

Opal is a contactless fare collection system for public transport services in the greater Sydney area of New South Wales, Australia.

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Open Mobile Alliance

The Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) is a standards body which develops open standards for the mobile phone industry.

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Open Smart Card Development Platform

The Open Smart Card Development Platform (OpenSCDP) provides a collection of tools that support users in the development, test and deployment of smart card applications.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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OPUS card

OPUS is a rechargeable, contactless stored-value smart card using the Calypso Standard and is used by major public transit operators in Greater Montreal and Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

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Organ donation

Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of theirs to be removed, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or after death with the assent of the next of kin.

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Overseas Pakistani

Overseas Pakistanis (بیرون ملک مقیم پاکستانی) refers to Pakistani people who live outside of Pakistan.

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Oyster card

The Oyster card is a form of electronic ticket used on public transport in Greater London in the United Kingdom. It is promoted by Transport for London and is valid on travel modes across London including London Underground, London Buses, the Docklands Light Railway (DLR), London Overground, Tramlink, some river boat services, and most National Rail services within the London fare zones. Since its introduction in June 2003, more than 86 million cards have been used. A standard Oyster card is a blue credit-card-sized stored-value contactless smartcard that can hold single tickets, period tickets and travel permits, which must be added to the card before travel. Passengers touch it on an electronic reader when entering and leaving the transport system in order to validate it or deduct funds. Cards may be "topped-up" by recurring payment authority, by online purchase, at credit card terminals or by cash, the last two methods at stations or ticket offices. The card is designed to reduce the number of transactions at ticket offices and the number of paper tickets. Usage is encouraged by offering substantially cheaper fares than with cash though the acceptance of cash is being phased out. On London buses, cash is no longer accepted. The card was first issued to the public on 30 June 2003, with a limited range of features and there continues to be a phased introduction of further functions. By June 2012, over 43 million Oyster cards had been issued and more than 80% of all journeys on public transport in London were made using the card. Since 2014, the use of Oyster cards has been supplemented by contactless credit and debit cards as part of TfL's "Future Ticketing Programme". TfL was the first public transport provider in the world to accept payment by contactless bank cards, and the widespread adoption of contactless in London has been credited to this. TfL is now one of Europe's largest contactless merchants, with around 1 in 10 contactless transactions in the UK taking place on the TfL network.

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Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.

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Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard

Ebt can pin card number 5077190291713960 The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is an information security standard for organizations that handle branded credit cards from the major card schemes.

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A payphone (alternative spelling: pay phone) is typically a coin-operated public telephone, often located in a telephone booth or a privacy hood, with pre-payment by inserting money (usually coins) or by billing a credit or debit card, or a telephone card.

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Personal identification number

A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.

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In cryptography, PKCS #11 is one of the Public-Key Cryptography Standards, and also refers to the programming interface to create and manipulate cryptographic tokens.

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Point of sale

The point of sale (POS) or point of purchase (POP) is the time and place where a retail transaction is completed.

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Point-of-sale malware

Point-of-sale malware (POS malware) is a type of malicious software (malware) that is used by cybercriminals to target point of sale (POS) terminals with the intent to obtain credit card and debit card information by reading the device memory from the retail checkout point of sale system.

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Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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Polyvinyl chloride

Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

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Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Power analysis

In cryptography, power analysis is a form of side channel attack in which the attacker studies the power consumption of a cryptographic hardware device (such as a smart card, tamper-resistant "black box", or integrated circuit).

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Presto card

The Presto card (stylized as PRESTO) is a contactless smart card fare payment system used on participating public transit systems in the province of Ontario, Canada, specifically in Greater Toronto, Hamilton, and Ottawa.

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Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.

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Proton (bank card)

Proton was an electronic purse application for debit cards in Belgium.

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Proximity card

A proximity card or prox card is a "contactless" smart card which can be read without inserting it into a reader device, as required by earlier magnetic stripe cards such as credit cards and "contact" type smart cards.

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Public key certificate

In cryptography, a public key certificate, also known as a digital certificate or identity certificate, is an electronic document used to prove the ownership of a public key.

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Public key infrastructure

A public key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of roles, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates and manage public-key encryption.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Quick Wertkarte

Quick is an electronic purse system available on Austrian bank cards to allow small purchases to be made without cash.

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Rabobank (full name: Coöperatieve Rabobank U.A.) is a Dutch multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Radio-frequency identification

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.

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Radio-frequency induction

Radio-frequency induction or RF induction is the use of a radio frequency magnetic field to transfer energy by means of electromagnetic induction in the near field.

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A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), which flows in only one direction.

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Roland Moreno

Roland Moreno (11 June 1945 – 29 April 2012) was a French inventor, engineer, humorist and author who was the inventor of the memory card.

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RSA (cryptosystem)

RSA (Rivest–Shamir–Adleman) is one of the first public-key cryptosystems and is widely used for secure data transmission.

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Schlumberger Limited is the world's largest oilfield services company.

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Secure cryptoprocessor

A secure cryptoprocessor is a dedicated computer on a chip or microprocessor for carrying out cryptographic operations, embedded in a packaging with multiple physical security measures, which give it a degree of tamper resistance.

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Security engineering

Security engineering is a specialized field of engineering that focuses on the security aspects in the design of systems that need to be able to deal robustly with possible sources of disruption, ranging from natural disasters to malicious acts.

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Security token

Security tokens are physical devices used to gain access to an electronically restricted resource.

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Single sign-on

Single sign-on (SSO) is a property of access control of multiple related, yet independent, software systems.

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A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.

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SmartRider is the contactless electronic ticketing system of the Public Transport Authority of Western Australia.

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SNAPI is a system that allows a user to record their preferences onto a smart card or other security token.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Stored-value card

A stored-value card is a payments card with a monetary value stored on the card itself, not in an external account maintained by a financial institution.

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Subscriber identity module

A subscriber identity module or subscriber identification module (SIM), widely known as a SIM card, is an integrated circuit that is intended to securely store the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number and its related key, which are used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile telephony devices (such as mobile phones and computers).

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Symmetric-key algorithm

Symmetric-key algorithms are algorithms for cryptography that use the same cryptographic keys for both encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.

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Tamper resistance

Tamper resistance is resistance to tampering (intentional malfunction or sabotage) by either the normal users of a product, package, or system or others with physical access to it.

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Tamper-evident technology

Tamper-evident describes a device or process that makes unauthorized access to the protected object easily detected.

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Telephone card

A telephone card, calling card or phonecard for short, is a credit card size plastic or paper card, used to pay for telephone services (often international or long distance calling).

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Television encryption

Television encryption, often referred to as "scrambling", is encryption used to control access to pay television services, usually cable or satellite television services.

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Transit pass

A transit pass (North American English) or travel card (British English), often referred to as a bus pass or train pass etc.

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Triple DES

In cryptography, Triple DES (3DES), officially the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA or Triple DEA), is a symmetric-key block cipher, which applies the DES cipher algorithm three times to each data block.

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United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

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Vending machine

A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.

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VideoGuard (sometimes referred to simply as NDS), produced by NDS, is a digital encryption system for use with conditional access television broadcasting.

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Visa Inc.

Visa Inc. (also known as Visa, stylized as VISA) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Foster City, California, United States.

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Web browser

A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.

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Web server

Web server refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web.

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WidePoint Corporation

WidePoint Corporation is an American company based in McLean, Virginia that provides technology-based products and services to the government sector and commercial markets in the United States.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_card

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